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title: 'Sunbury American. (Sunbury, Pa.) 1848-1879, April 30, 1875, Image 1',
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The Sunbury American
Ii Ptbmkhed Every rauux, lir
EM'L WILVEHT, Proprietor,
Otrner rf Tliird St., ami Market Sunre,
At One Dollar nut! Filly Vent
If paid utrictly in advauee; $1.73 u jiaid m-ithiu the year;
or $1.00 In all caaea wtieu payment in ih iayoj till after
expiratiou of the ywr. No aiilmcrii'tiou dlncontiuued
nulil all amwraffui are paid uukowi at the ojaiou of tlio
iubllHUer. Thkmc tkumm are kk;iilt aihkuki to.
All dw RiibHCi-ii'tiona to ilie American by erfHiiKliviijtf
cu1ilt ol tb County uf NirtijuujiM;r!-iuilt mum be ut
tiuini'1 with the 1'anh. Tina i mailt uecetwtary by
tS- diitiriilty ex.ierieiicM ia e.lWvtiuK mvd HtitHTi
uoua at a diataucv.
Rates of Advertising.
On iacb,(twlT tines or tt equivalent iu KonarU
tyjw) one at two iuwrtions, !,; tare insertions t.m.
Srte. l. 3m. au. jT.
One inch $j.5rt $a.U0 $4.00 I6.UU SIm.wJ
Two imbee .no 7.W J.ua li.uo
Three ioehee , 7.UO 9M 12.UO lK.Ott
Four inches "!.(J 8.00 U.Ott 17.00 25.00
Quarter Column 10.0W 1'i.oo U.w 20.00
Half column. 15.00 18.H0 2WUO 3U.U0 (M oo
One column ,....80.00 36.00 41UXI So.00 lwi.uo
Yearly ulvertiaeioenta payable quarterly TraiMieht
advertuemeuU inn be paid before iutwrtion, tii.
where parties have acoonuts.
Local notice twenty cent a line, aud tea erata for
every tubcefjuent iiMertkn.
Cards iu the Busines Directory" column S-'.OO per
year for the flrat two linen, and J1.00 for each additional
Ksln tmsheO. In lS-lO.
PRICE 91 50 IX ADVANCE. $
SUNBURY, PA.. FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 30, 1875.
New Series, Vol. 7, .o. 3.
I Old Series, Vol. 38, Ko. ft.
yWTtilLiatirWa 1 moCP urnctjf
Physician of thi celebrated Institution, has
discovered the most certain, speedy, pleasant aud
effectual remedy in the world for ail
DISEASES OF IMPRUDENCE.
Weakness ot the Back or Limits, Strictures,
Affections of Kidneys and Bladder, Involun
tary Discharges, Impoteucy, General IK-bili-ty,
Nervousness, Dyspepey, Languor, Low
Spirits, Confusion of Ideas, Palpitation of
the Heart, Timidity, Trcmbijuirs, Dimness
of Sijrht or Giddiness, Disease of the Head,
Throat, Nose or Skin, Affections of Liver, Lnnirs,
Stomach or Bowels these terrible Disorders
aricing from the Solitary Habits of Youth those
eccet aud solitary practice more fatal to their
victims than the soug of Syrens to the Mariners
of Ulysses, blighting their inoet brilliant hoes
of anticipations, rendering marriage, fcc., impos
sible. IOUNG MEN
especially, who have become the victims of Soli
tary Vice, that dreadful and destructive habit
which a n nun I ly sweeps to an untimely grave
thousands of young men of the inoet exalted
talents and brilliant intellect, who might other
wise have entranced listening Senates with the
thunders of eloquence or waked to ecstacy the j
living lyre, may call with fall contuleuce.
Married Persons or Young Men ontemplatlng
marriage, aware of Physical Weakness, (Lin
of Procreative Power IrupoK'ucy, Nervous Ex
citability, ralpitufion, Organic Weakness Ner
vous Debility, or auy other Disqualification,
lie who places himself under the care of Dr. i.
may religiously confide in his honor as a gentle
man, and confidently rely unon his skill asarliv
eician. ORGANIC WEAKNESS.
Impotcney, Lots of Power, immediately Cured
and full Vigor Restored.
This Distressing Affection which renders Life
miserable and marriage Impossible is the penalty
paid by the victim of improper indulgences.
Young persons are too apt to commit excesses
from not being aware of the dreadful conseqeuces
that may ensue. Now, who that understands
the subject will pretend to deny that the power
. of procreation la lost sooner by those falling into
Improper habits than by the prudent T Besides
heJng deprived the pleasures of healthy offspring,
t he most serious and destructive symptoms to bot h
body and mind arise. The system becomes de
ranged, the Physical aud Mental Functions
Weakened, Loss of Procreative Power, Nervous
Irritability, Dyspe, ,1a, Palpitation of the Heart.
Indigestion, Constitutional Debility, a Wastiug
of the Frame, Congh, Consumption. Decay and
A CUKE WARRANTED IX TWO DAYS.
Persons ruined in health by unlearned preten
ders who koep them trillintr month after month,
taking poisonous and injurious compounds,
should apply immediately.
Mcmler of the Royal College of Surgeous, Lou
don, Graduated from one of the most eminent
Col'cges in the United States, and the greater
part of whose ife hrs been spent in the hospitals
of London, Pris, Philadelphia and elsewhere,
has effected some of the most astonishing cures
that were ever known ; many troubled with ring
ing in the bead and caic when asleep, great
nervousness, being alarmed at sudden sotiudx,
bashfuluees, with frequent blushing, attended
sometimes with derangemeut of mind, were cured
TAKE PARTICULAR NOTICE. I
Dr. J. addresses all those who have injurrd !
themselves by improper indulgence anil solitary
hnbits, which ruin both body aud mind, unfitting
them for cither business, study, society or inar
riaire. Tuess are some of the sad and melancholy
effects produced by early habits of youth, viz:
Weakness of the Back and Limbs, Fains in the
Back and Head, Dimness of Sight, Loss of Mus
cular Power, Palpitation of the Heart, Dyspcpsy,
Nervous Irritability, Derangement of Digestive
Functions, General Debility Symptoms of Cou
Mestaij.t The fearful effects on the mind
are much to be draaded Loss of Memory, Con
fusion of Ideas, Depression of Spirits, Evil
Forebodings, Aversiou to Society, Self-Distrust,
Love of Solitude, Timidity, &c, arc some of the
TuoiAMB of persoD of all ages can now
Judue what is the caunof their decUninir health,
losing their vigor, becoming, weak, pale, nervous
and emaciated, having a singular appearance
alout the eyes, cough and symptoms oi consump
tion. YOUNG MEN
Who huve injured th mselves by a certain prac
tice indulged in when alone, a habit frequently
learned from evil coinpauions, or at school, the
eilccts of which are nightly felt, even when
asleep, and if not cured, renders marriage impos
sible, and destroys both mind and body, should
What a pity that a young man, the Uopcof his
country, the durliug of his parents, should be
matched from all prospects and enjoyments oi
lift, by the consequence of deviating from the
path of nature and indulging in a certain secret
habit. Such iersons mi st before contemplating
reflect tiiat a sound niiud and body are the most
necessary requisites to promote connubial happi
ness. Indeed without these, the Journey through
life becomes a weary pilgrimage ; the prospect
hourly darkens to the view ; the mind become
shadowed with despair aud tilled with the melan
choly reflection, that the happiness or another
becomes blighted with ourowu.
A CERTAIN DISEASE.
When the nilsiruided and imprudent votary ol
pleasure linds that he has imbibed the seeds ol
this painful disease, it too often happens that an
Ill-timed sense of shame, or dread of discovery,
deters him from applying to those who, from
education and respectability, can alone befriend
him, delaying till the constitutional symptoms of
this horrid disease make their appearance, such
as ulcerated sore throat, diseased nose, noctural
pains in the head and limbs, dimness of sight,
deafness, nodes on the shin bones and arms,
blotches on the head, face and extremities, pro
gressing with frightful rapidity, till at last the
palate of the mouth or the bones of the nose fall
in, and the victim of this awTul disease becomes
a horrid object of commiseration, till death puts
a period to his dreadful suffering, by sending
him to " that Undiscovered Country from whence
no traveller returns."
It is a melancholy fact that tbousauds DIE
victims to this terrible disease, through falling
into the hands of Ignorant or uusKililin ruh.- ,
TENDF.RS. who. bv the use of that deadly Poi-
son, Mercury, &c, destroy tne oonbiuuumi, uu
Incapable of curing, keep the unhappy sufferer
month after month taking their noxious or in
jurious compounds, and instead of being restored
to a renewal of Life Vigor and Happiness, in des
pair leave him with ruined Health to sigh over
his galling disapointmenl.
To such, therefore, Dr. Johnstow pledees him
self to preserve the most Inviolable ISeerecv, aud
from his extensive practice and observations in
the great Hospitals of Europe, and the first ic
this country, viz : England, France, Philadelphia
..! lwht-re. is enabled to offer the most cer
tain, speedy and effectual remedy in the world i
I or nil u i
OFFJCE, NO. 7, 8. FREDERICK STREET.
Baltimore, M. D.
Left hand side going from Baltimore street, a few
doors from the corner. Fail not to observe name
tifNo letters received unless postpaid and
containing a stamp to be used on the reply. Per
sons writing should state age, and seud a jHirtion
of advirtiserocnt describing symptoms.
There are so many Paltry, Designing aud
Worthless Impnsters advertising themselves as
Physicians, trifling with and ruining the Lealth
of all who unfortunately fall into their power,
that Dr. Johnston deems It necessary to say es
pecially to those nnacqnaiuted with his rei.uta
lion that his Credentials or Diploma always
banj in his office.
ENDORSEMENT OF THE PRESS.
The many thousands cured at this Establish
ment, year after year, and the numerous im
portant Surgical Operations performed by Dr.
Johnston, witnessed by the representatives of the
press and many other papers, notices of which
have apieared acain and again before the public,
besides his standing as a geutleman of character
and responsibility, is a sufficient guarantee to the
afflicted. Shin diseases speedily cured.
April?. 175. lr
LIMBER AND PLANINtS MILLS
Third Street, adjoining Phila. & Erie R. R., two
Squares North of the Central Hotel,
IRA T. CLEMENT,
IS prejmrcd to furnish eveiy description of lum
ber required by the demands of the public
Having sll the latest improved machinery for
inaaufactBring Lunber, be is now ready to fill or
ders fall kinds of
FLOORING. SIDING, DOORS SHUTTERS,
SAH1, BLINDS MOULDINGS, VE
d all kinds of Ornamental Serowl Work. Tnrn
' of every description promptly executed. Also,
a la rob assohthttwt or
- VloCK and PINE. Also, Shingles, Pickets,
; Lathe, Ac.
OrJjirs promptly filled, and shipped by Railroad
or otherwise. IRA T. CLEMENT.
r II. It. H ISi:, Attorney at Law, SUN
JLs BURY, PA. OHlce in Market Square,
(adjoining the olllee of W. I. Greenough, Esq.,)
Professional business in this and adjoining coun
ties promptly attended to.
Sunbury, Slarch 10, lS72.-ly.
ATTORNEY and COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Liverpool, IVrry county, Pa.
All business matters in the counties of North
umberland, Snyder, Union. Perry and Juniata
promptly attended to. Consultations can be had
in the German and English lrtngiages.
april 17, ls74.-ly.
W5I. A. NOKER.
ATTORNEY AT LAW
AND COUNTY BOMCIToK.
Office on Front Street below Market, Sunbury,
Pa. Collections and all legal business promptly
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Office in Haupt'a building, South East Comer
of Market Square, Sunbury, Pa.
Si'ecial Attention Paid to Collections.
1Y. ATTORNEY AT LAW,
AND ACTING JUSTICE OF THE PEACE.
Next Door to Judge Jordan's Residence, Chest
nut Street, Sunbury, Pa.
Collections aud all legal matters promptly at
ATTORNEY AT LAW, AND
ACTIXti Jl'MTICE OF THE PEACE.
Convcy:incing,the collcctionsof claims, writings,
and alfklnds of Igal business will be' attcuded
to carefully and w ith despatch. Can bo consult
ed in the English and German language. Office
in Haupt'a building, Market street, Sunbury, Pa.
Northumberland Co., Pctiua.
Can lie consulted in the English and German
languages. Collections attended to In North
umberland and adjoining counties.
Also Agent for the Lebanon Valley Fire Insu
rance Company, mhio
W. C. PACKER.
Attorney at Law,
November 9, 1S72. tf.
Sit. IIOYEIt. Attorney and Counsellor
at Law. Ollice in Wolverton's Law build
ing, Second street, SUNBURY", PA. Professional
business attended to, In the courts of Northum
oerland and adjoining courties. Also, in the
Circuit and District Courts for the Western Dis
trict ot Pennsylvania. Ciaims promptly collect
ed. Particular attention paid to rawi in Uuk
rnptcy. Consultation can be had in the Gcr-
man language. April v, j.
II. KASE, Attorney nt Law, SUN
BURY, PA., office in Wolverton's Law
building, Sccoud street. Collections made in
Northumberland and adjoining counties.
J. Merrill Lmu. Au.trew II. Dill. Frank. H. Marr.
LINN. DILL A MARR,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Next door to the Presbyterian church, Market
April 9,'75 Northumberland Co., Pa.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Office In Manser's Building, south side of Mar
ket Square. April 9,'75.
JAM EN II. MeDEYITT,
Attorney at Law and
United States Cohmissioner. Office with 8.
Sunbury, Pa. April 0. j.
pWOLVERTON, Attorney at Law.
Market Square, SUNBURY.PA. Profession
al business in this aud adjoining counties pronipt
y attended to. .
H-B. MANSER, Attorney at Law, SUN-
BURY, PA. Collections attended to in
the counties of Northumberland, Union, Snyder.
Moutour, Columbia and Lycoming. apllO-011
jOLOMON M ALIC'K,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office at his residence on Arch street, one square
north of the Court House, ucar the Jail, SUN
RI'UY. PA. Collections and all professional
business promptlv attended to in this and adjoin- j
inc counties. Consultations can be "had in the j
German language. July-MoT"-.
GEO. W. ZIELER.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office in Hanpt's building, Market St., Suu
Collections and all professional business.
promptly aiienaca vo iu me uuu m -- - .
oerland ana adjoining counties.
March 19. 1S75.
DR. C. M. MARTIN, Office in Drua
Store, Clement House Block, Office hours :
from 11 a. m., to 1 p. m., and lrom C to 9 p. in.,
at all other hours, wheu not Professionally en-
atced can be found nt his residence, ou Chestnut
Street. SUNbLKY, rA. rariicuiar
given to surgical cases. Will
either In town or country.
GR. CADWA I.I.A DER.Market Street ,
. SUNBURY, PA.
Dealer In Drugs, Medicines, PaiuU, Oils,
Glass, Varnishes, Liquors, Tobacco, Cigars,
Pocket Books. Dairies, Ac.
GEORGE M. RENN, J
In Siyjfn' liuiblinij, Market .Syttorp, ;
SrsBfRY, Pa., !
1 prepared to do all kinds of work pertaining j
to Dentistry. He keeps constantly on hand
a large assortment of Teeth, ' and other Dental
material, from which he will be able to select,
and mee ine wauts of his customers.
All work warranted to give satisfaction, or else
the moncv refunded.
The very lest Mouth Wash and Tooth-Powders
kept on baud.
His references arc the "numerous patrons for
whom he has worked for the last twelve years.
Sunbury, April 21, 1S72.
Cor. Third and
nllerry. Business Centre, Williatnsport,
Win. CRAWFORD, Proprietor.
Dec. 11, 1S74.
ELEMENT HOl'SE, Third Street
J Market, Sunbury,
Pa. PETER S. BUR
RELL. Proprietor. Rooms neat and comrortatitc.
Tables supplied with the delicacies of the season
and the waiters attentive aud obliging.
Buuqury, Jan. 22, 1875. j
NITED STATES HOTEL, W. F. j
KITCHEN, Proprietor. Opposite the De-
pot SIIAMOKIN, PA. r.very attention given io
travellers, aud the best accommodations given.
April 5,1873. If
ATION'AL HOTEL. AUGUSTUS
WAI.n. Pronrietor. Georgetown North'd
County, Pa., at the Station of the N. C. R. W.
Choice wines and cigars at the bar.
The table Is supplied with the best the market
affords. Good stabling and attentive ostlers.
I'M MEL'S RESTAURANT,
LOUIS HUMMEL, Proprietor,
Commerce St., SIIAMOKIN, PENN'A.
Having Just refitted the above Saloon for the
accomodation of the public, is now prepared to
serve jis friend with the best refreshments, and
fresh Lager Beer, Ale, Porter, and all other mall
wTsTlTlIOABS. PACKER HAAS
WH. RHOADS CO.,
. RETAIL riEALERS OF
ANTHRACITE COAL, SUNBURY, PENN'A.
OrriCB with Haas, Faoely & Co.,
Orders left at Seasholts & Bro's., office Market
treet, will receive prompt attention. Country
ustom respectfully solicited.
Feb. 4, 1871. tf.
Kj Shipper and Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
WHITE AND RED ASH COAL, SUNBURY, PA.
(lrd'r will reeeive prompt attention.
ANTHRACITE GOAL !
VALENTINE DIETZ, Wholesale and
Retail dealer in every variety of
ANTHRACITE COAL, UPPER WHARF,
All kinds of Grain taken in exchange for Coal.
Orders solicited and filled promptly. Orders left
at S. F. Ncvin's Confectionery Store, on Third
treet, will recieve prompt attention, and money
receipted loif, the same as at the olllcc.
NEW COAl YARD.
j rrVlE uudcraigncd having connected the Coal
X. business with his extensive FLOUR & GRAIN
trade, is prepared to supply families with the
VERY It E.ST OK (OIL,
CIIEAI FOR CASH.
Egg, Stove and Nut, constantly on hand. Grain
taken In exchange for Coal.
J. M. CADWALLADEK.
Sunbury, Jan. 15, 1870. tf.
Sl.MIlKY 91 A Kit EE YARD,
Fourth Street below Market,
S UXBU II V, r E N N ' A.
rpiIF, undersigned has returned from the Ver
J oont Marble Quarries with 5(1 Tons of
. ole for
He has bought at such figures that
will allow him to sell better stone, for
less money, th.iu heretofore. The best
which is better than Italian,
sold as low as the Manchester.
Rutland Is now
Those who need anything in the Marble line,
for Monuments, Grave-StoneS, or other purposes,
will find it to their interest to call aud examine
this large stock, as better bargains can be secur
ed than buying from parties 'huckstering' round
All lettering will be done in the neatest and
tuot Improved style.
W. M. DAUGnERTY.
Sunbury, Jan. 11, 1S7J.
THE RINfj ItARBER SHOP
T8 THE SHOP OF THE TOWN and lone
Jl. iihs been ; asK History and she will tell you
Men have grown old In our patronage
Babies on their mothers' breast
To bouncing boys at play ;
And youths by maidens fair caressed,
To stalwart men with cares oppressed,
Ana om men surer gray.
And nmong the honored and lasting impres
sions of time, and the crash of revolutions in
circumstances, we 6taud a living monumental
memento of the ingenuity and perscveranco ap
pertaining to the identity of progression, plying
our vocation with the highest style of art and
perfection, nnd aspiring to achieve the highest
reward of merit attainable in our humble capaci
ty, and the sentiment of retpect aud approbation
which the presence of superior appliances and es
tablishment arc always wont to inspire.
Always to please
We shave with case
Aud color the whiskers black or brown,
To suit the people about the town.
Then allow me politely request you to 6top,
Aud not go past uor from around our shop.
To get shaved on the basis of ability nor as
some have done for our use of the ballot for prin
ciple sacred and right nor under the common
secret and invidious guise of enmity to complex
ion j for the cut of a man's coat, or the color of
his skin, ought not to affect his nserulness nor
his qualifications. A fair chance is all that we
demand, to give the proof to all the land.
JAMES W. WASHINGTON.
Sunbury, April 5, 1873 ; No. 91, Market st.
KEEP IT HANDY!
The Reliable Family Mcclfeiue.
IARRIIEA, Dysentery, Cholera, Summer
Complaint, Cramps, etc., quickly cured by
the use of
Compound Svrup of Blackberry Root and Rhu
b.trb. An old, well tried remedy, entirely vege-
pleasaut to take, quick and certain in
! effect ; can be depended ou m the most urgent
cases; may be given to the youngcht infant as
l well us to adults. It contains
NO CAMPHOR OR OPIUM.
It is a pleasant extract and readily lasen by
children. It has often saved lire wheu physi
cians had despaired. Keep It in the house and
use in time. All we ask for it is jl trial. Don't
let your dealer put yon off with something else.
Buy it. Try it. Sold by Druggists and Store
Keepers throughout this State. Prepared only
l,y HANSELL & BRO..
jul!,-3in 2000 Market Street. Philadelphia.
TOY t ONFIXTIONERY STORE.
Evcr body Is invited to come and buy of the
handsome assortment of
TOYS AND CONFECTIONERIES
SAMUEL P. NEVIN'S STORE,
in frame hnildine, adloiaintr Moore Dissiuger's
building, THIRD STREET, SUNBURY, PA.
Jut opened a fresh supply of Confectioneries of
TOYS OF ALL KINDS
constantlv on hand. The best RAISINS, FIGS,
CURRANTS & DRIED FRUIT.
PURE RIO COFFEE, TEA & SPICES,
fresh Bread, Buns & Cakes, every morning
FANCY CAKES, BISCUITS, CRACKERS, Ac.
FRESn FISH EVERY DAY
will be sold at the low.H rates. The best of
Albemarl Shad will be delivered at the residence
of purchasers in any part of the town.
Call and 6ce the excellent assortment of goods
and ascertain prices.
JUST OPENED I
The Full uul Winter stjle
LADIES DRESS GOODS,
WOOLEN GOODS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION
A splendid line of Notions,
Ladies goods a specialty
Gents' Gloves, Neck-
Hatikerchiefs, Ac. Call and
see the immense block at
MISS KATE BLACK,
Market Square, SiuSury.
Sunbury, Nov. 13, 1871.
LADIES TAKE NOTICE !
New Millluery tixI
Have jtiFt been opened at Hie store of
MISS. 11. I.. GOSSLKU,
Fourth street, below the Sliamokin Valley P.; R.
Where all kind of Millinery good of the latent
New York and Philadelphia styles are now open
Lacei, Flower, Ribbons, Feathers, Trimmings,
Glove, Hankerchiefs, aud very kind of goods
usually found in a Millinery store.
Lftdles are iuvited to call and tee the immeuse
fiyT SEED CA?V A
The Largest and Most Complete Estat
IN TniS SECTION.
ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED.
BOOK, CARD AXD JOB PRINTING
EXECUTED IN THE BEST STYLE.
MERCANTILE LETTER HEADS,
CHECKS AND DRAFTS,
Everything that is needed iu the printing de
partment will be executed with promptness aid
at low prices. All are invited to call aud exa
mine our samples. No trouble to give estimates
and show goods. We shall cheerfully do this
to all, who call for that purpose, without charge.
reorders for Subscription. AdvertisbiC or
Job Printing, thankfully received.
EM'L WILVEHT, Proprietor,
li EST ADVERISING MEDIUM
In the Central part of the 8tate,
In oni 5 of the Most Thrifty, Intelligent and
SECTIONS OF PENN8TLYANIA.
Salt) pie copy of paper sent to any aiiress f res
of cni rp;e.
The week is past, the Sabbath dawns come ou
Rest rest In peace thy toil is done :
Aud, standing as thou standest, ou the briuk
Of a new sceue of being, calmly think
Of what is gone, is now, and soon shall be,
As one that trembles in eternity,
For such as this now closing week is past.
So much advancing time will close my last,
Such aa to-morrow shall the awful light
Of the eternal morning hall my sight.
Spirit of good ! on the week's verge I stajid,
Tracing the guiding influence of thy hand ;
That hand which lead me gently, calmly still,
Up life's stormy, tiresome, thorny bill.
Thou, thon, in every storm has sheltered me
Beneath the wiug of the benignity.
A thousand graves my footsteps circumvent,
And I exist, thy mercy's inouuinent ;
A thousand writhe upon the bed of pain,
I live, and pleasure flows through every veiu :
Waul, o'er a thousand wretches, wave her wand,
I, circled by ten thousand mercies, stand.
How can I praise thee, Father ? how express
My debt of reverence and thankfuluess ? , -
A debt that no intelligence can count,
While every moment swells the vast amount,
For a week's duties thou hast given me strength.
And brought ne to its peaceful close at length,
Aud here my grateful bosom fain would raise
A fresh memorial to thy florious praise.
First Buttle of the Revolution.
TLe battle of Concord, ou the 19th of
April, was the first contest ia the
struggle for American Independence, and
in view of the approaching Centennial,
every event of that apportant period has a
special interest. From Harper's Magazine
for Alay, we make the following extracts
from Frederic Hudson's account of
TUB CONCORD FIGHT.
Paul Revere arrived at the residence of
the Rev. Jonas Clark, where Hancock and
Adams were visiting, in Lexiugton, about
midnight. Sergeant Monroe and eight
men were on guard. Revere was refused
admittance, as the family did not wish to
be disturbed by any noise. 'Noise 1' ex
claimed he, 'You'll have noise enough be
fore long ; the regulars are coming !' He
requested to see Mr. Haucock. ' Mr. Clark
said he must refuse to admit strangers at
that time of night, Hancock recognized
Revere's voice, aud called out, 'Come iu,
Revere : we are not afraid of you. '
Ebenezer Dorr, in his flapped hut, made
his appearance soon after, with the annexed
dispatch from General Warren :
"A large body of the king's troops (sup
posed to be a brigade of about 1200 to
1500) were embarked in boats from Bos
ton, and gone over to land on Lechmere's
Point (so called) in Cambridge ; and that
it was shrewdly suspected that they were
ordered to seize and destroy the stores be
longing to the colony deposited at Con
Hancock immediately gave the alarm,
and the village church-bell pealed forth its
warning notes : and Inn? before the dawn
inhabitants of that town and neighborhood
bad collected on the common.
It was made manifest that one of the
objects of the expedition was the capture
of Adams and Hancock. Indeed, the in
quiries on the road of the officer who had
preceded the main body of the enemy satis
fied him of this fact. They were anxious
to find 'Clark's tavern,' as they called the
Rev. Mr. Clark's house.- where the two
patriots were visiting, with Mrs. Thomas
Hancock, an aunt, and Miss Dorothy
Quincy.ancee of John Hancock.
"Smooth square forehead, with uprolled hair,
Lips that lover had never kissed,
Taper fingers and slender waist,
Hanging sleeves of stiff brocade
to they painted the little maid.
Hold up the canvas full In view ;
Look ! there's a rent the light shiues through.
Dark with a century's fringe of dust
That was a redcoat's rapier thrust.
Such is the tale the lady old,
Dorothy' daughter's daughter, told."
On the highest point of land where the
Americans had assembled, the chief otticers
and citizens of Concord, with a few from
the adjoining towns, held a council of war.
There was au animated consultation on
that historic spot. There Colonels Barrett,
Robinson, Pierce and Brooks, Major But
trick, Captains Davis, Brown, Milts, Bar
rett aud Smith, citizens William Parkman,
Ephraim Wood, and others, met aud con
sulted on the course they would pursue.
These patriots, requiring even mere moral
than physical courage to meet the regulars,
armed with the power of a strong govern
ment, did not long besitato. Indeed, the
A? a. I- h i urAtfiilroil
agressions Ol me eueiuy ewu
them to a decision. While these delibera
tions were absorbing their attention, the
British wero ruthlessly burning gun-car
riages, wheels, the liberty-pole, and other
spoils in the village, the smoke from which
rose in a cloud over the common, and was
plainly to be seen by those on the hill. It
appeared as if the enemy had already set
fire to the town. The sight sent a thrill of
indignation through the ranks of the mili-
fin ami miniite-ruen gathered there, in
the midst of the excitement the energetic
Hosmer exclaimed, 'They have set the vil
lage on fire 1 Will you let them uurn ii
down ?' With this danger in view, and
urged by the bold and emphatic expression
of Major Butrick and Captain Davis, they
immediately 'resolved to march to the mid
dle of the town to defend their homes, or
die in the attempt.'
Although the British force at the bridge
was not over 150 to 200 men, there were
more than 500 in the village, a distance oi
half a mile, 100 more under Captain Pole,
only a mile further, ud the three canipa
nies under Captain Parsons, expected to
return at any moment from Colouel Bar
rett's. The British cou'.d concentrate over
800 men within half an hour after the first
gun was fired. The Americans numbered
500, and, in a military point of view were
merely an 4armed mob' suddenly called to-cr-th?
for self-nrotection. The British
were well-orgauized, well-disciplined, ex
perienued Boldiers veterans, indeed, ac
customed to war in all its rigor, and bus
lained in whatever they did by a great na
tion. But in face of all this array, was
there a doubt in the ranks of the Amerl
cans ? In the excitement of the hour Cap'
tain Smith, of Lincoln, full of patriotic ini
pulses, volunteered to dislodge the enemy
at the bridge with bis single company.
Smith hud led his men to the field on the
first alarm, and leaving his horse at
Wrioht's tavern in the villaee, took his
- . - -0 " -
riosition on the hill and joined in the coun
cil. Captain Davis, of Acton, animated
with the same feelings, exclaimed,
haven't a. man that's afraid to go.' This
was the spirit shown by the provincials
and it was decisive. It was arranged that
in the forward movement Captain Davis,
as commander of the first company of rai
nute-men, should take the right, which he
did in a gallant manner. It was thought
best that the minute-men should have the
advanced iosition, because many of them
had bayonets, and it was deemed best to
be prepared for a charge aud close fighting.
. The British, somewhat scattered in small
groups on the bridge and on the west bank
of the river, noticing the advance of the
Americans, immediately formed and cross
ed the east bank, taking un some of the
planks of the bridge as they passed over.
The soldiers under Captain Lawrie, who
had previously retired to the hill, moved
forward and joined their companions on
the right bank of the river. The attempt
ot the British to dismantle the bridge at
tracted the attention of Major ButLrick as
the Americans were advancing, 'two aud
two, aud turning the corner of the cross
road.'. He remonstrated against the actiu
a loud and emphatic tone, and ordered bis
men to march in a quick step. Thereupon
the enemy desisted from the destruction.
They became alarmed at the menacing
movement of the Americans ; and it may
have occurred to them at tho .time that
whatever obstructions were placed in the
way of the Americans would jeopard the
safety of Captain Parson's detachment.
It was, according to Captain David
Brown, 'between nine and ten of the clock
in the forenoon.' The British fired two or
three guns in quick succession. These
were preconcerted signal-guns for the dis
tant detachment of the enemy to return at
once. When the Americans arrived with
in ten or fifteen rods of the bridge, and
were rapidly moving forward, one of the
regulars, a sharp-shooter, stepped from the
ranks and discharged his musket, manifest
ly aimed at Major Bultrick or Colonel Rob
inson, the ball from which, passiug under
the arm of the latter, slightly wounded
Luther Blanchard, the fifer of the Acton
company, in the side, and Jonas Brown,
one of the Concord minute-men. This
gun was immediately followed by a volley,
which instantly killed Captain Isaac Davis
and private Abuer Hosmer, of Acton, a
ball passing through the heart of tho former,
and another through the head of the latter,
and slightly wounding Ezekiel Davis, a
brother of Captain Davis, a ball passing
through his bat and grazing bis bead.
When he saw that his fifer was wounded.
Captain Davis impulsively stepped to the
wall by the road, and was iu the act of
sighting bis gun, wheu be was hit by the
enemy's shot. He sprang two or three
feet in the air, fell ou the north side of the
wall, and expired without uttering a word.
Joshua Brooks, of Lincoln, was struck
with a ball that cut through his hat and
drew blood on his forehead. It appeared
' he had been cut with a knife ; and 'I
concluded,' said Private Baker, 'that the
iunror jjuctricic, men in iront oi captaiu
Brown's company, instantly jumped lrom
the ground, and partly turning to his men,
impetuously exclaimed, 'Fire, fellow-sol
diers 1 for God's sake, fire !' discharging
his own gun at the same moment. Captain
Brown, who never before or after used a
profane word, exclaimed, 'God damn them,
they are firing balls 1 Fire, men, firel'
drew up bis own musket.dcliberately aimed,
aud fired. One of the dead British sol
diers, buried near the old monument, was
believed to have been the result of that
shot. Major Buttrick's order ran along
the line of militia aud minute-men, the
word 'Fire V 'Fire I' camp from ft hundred
lips, and a general discharge instantly fol
lowed from the Americans. They fired as
they stood, and over each other's beads.
The fusillade continued for a few minutes
only, when the British broke and fled in
great a'arm and confusion. Noah Park
burst, one of the Lincoln men, said to one
of his comrades. Now the war has begun,
and no one knows when it will end !
The fire of the Americaus was destruc
tive. Two British soldiers were instantly
killed. Four officers, Lieutenants Gould,
Hall, Sunderland aud Kelly, and a sergeant
and six privates, were reported to have
wmmdi'd nt the same time. It has
never been accurately ascertained how
many privates suffered in this'engagement.
More than a dozen had their wounds
lrpspil in the villase bv Drs. Miuot and
Cumings, and, of course, there were sur
geons with the expeditionary force. Many
of the troops were covered with blood as
they parsed the houses on their retreat to
the village, and were seen in this condition
frnm tlin windows. The sudden flight of
such veteran soldiers showed that the fire
of the Americans must have been very
Over the remainder of the road the
British 4were driven before the Americans
like sheep,' and had to 'run the gauntlet.'
Tr wn a race for life with them. The high
way was hued with Americans, whose a&
curate aim generally produced the desired
result. They were accustomed, as indi
viduals, to the handling of guns; ihey
were sharp-shooters ; they had been taught
from early youth to hit an Indian, or a
wolf, or a wild-cat, or a partridge, at sight ;
they could hit higher game when necessity
and patriotism forced it upon them. They
made up in courage and accurate shooting
what they lacked in military organization
and discipline. Most of them were witu
out cartridges and cartridge-boxes ; they
had to rely upon muskets and powder horns,
With their military drill, the British could,
perhaps, load and fire more rapidly than
the Americans, but not with the same exe
cution, as the Britisu soldiers fired from
the bteast and not from the shoulder.
With this experience as marksmen, the
Americans intercepted the enemy at every
point and at every turn on the highway.
Shots were fired from behind every house,
barn, wall, tree and corner. After firing
from one position the Americans would
fall back, run forward across the fields,
and repeat the manoeuvre at a lower point
.. . , r. i r iw
on ine roaa. xoeir uunreuKo
country gave them this immense advantage,
-lii-n-ts.1. ,.mrll to keeD
together on the highway, which made the
j;..f,w, n r thfim.
Any one can imagine how terribly they
suffered in all these engagements, ambus
cades, and skirmishes on that bright and
florious dav for America. Several , ot the
enemy were killed near Vile's tavern.
Colonel Smith was wrmnded in the leg at
Fiske's Hill, and Major Titcairn hit in the
arm and unhorsed there. His charger, a
fine animal, ran over the fields, riderless,
till captured by an American, and, with
the accoutrements, was subsequently sold
at auction in Concord. Captain Nathan
Barrett bought the hostlers and pistols,
marked with Pitcairn's name, and gave
tueni to Ueneral Israel Putnam.
Nau aud W ife
TWENTY THOUSAND A YEAR NOT ENOUGH
TO MARRY ON.
C... - XT V I .
ou) a dc awk paper. xew lorK is
crowded with rich unmarried men, afraid
of the expense of supporting these gilded
butterflies. There is a bachelor at the
Seventh Avenue Hotel whose income is
$20,000 a year, aud still he says he can't
afford to get married. He's a proud fel
fow, and says as u single man he can have
the best horses, best room and best box at
the opera. 'If I should get married,' he
said, 'I should have to stmt myself or over
draw my income.' 'How is thai ?' asked
skJgitai. ' Well, now, come into the parlor
and I'll show you. Vou see ladies are
extravagant uow-a-days. They dress so
much more than in Europe. I mean they
don't wear rich diamonds like the women
of Florence and Milan, but they wear such
rich dresses' shawls aud furs. Now, I'm
proud, and I would not want ray wife out-
dressed, so I have to keep out of the mar
riage business. Doyou see that lady there ?
he said, pointing to a fashionable caller.
Yes.' 'Well, she has on a $400 pauniered,
wattaned, polonaised, brown grosgrained
dress, and I wear a $00 coat. She wears
a $1,200 camel's hair shawl and a 500 set
of sable, while I wear a $70 overcoat. She
wears a $70 bonnet, while I wear an $8
hat. She wears $200 worth of point oppli
que aud point a'ugile, while I wear 'a $6
shirt. Her shoes cost $15, mine $12. Her
ordinary morning jewelery, which is
changed every year, not counting diamonds
cost 8400, mine cost $50. 4 Well, how does
it foot up ?' 'Why, the clothes she has on
cost $2,225, and mine cost $200, and that
is only one of her dozen outfits, while I
only have--8ay three. The fact is,' said
be, growing earnest, 'I couldn't begiu to
live in a brown stone front with that wo
man and keep up appearances to match
carriages, church, dinners, opera and sea
side, for $20,000. I'd have to become a
second rate man, and live in an eighteen
foot house, or withdraw over to Second
Avenue, and that I'll be hanged if I do I' I
and he slung his fist down into a nice silk
hat in the excess of his earnestness.
European Breeds of Neat Cattle
in America. Several of the more valued
breeds of neat cattle were established early
in the Old World, and improved during
the period spoken of. Pedigrees began to
be carefully looked after. The first volume
of the English Short hora Herd-book ap
peared in 1S22, but its pedigrees began at
about this period, or a little earlier. Only
thirty animals are recorded that flourished
in 17S0 and earlier ; and while the blood of
thooiftinJa' of thorough-bred
date back to about that time, theoretically
at least. Precisely when the first importa
tions of this breed were made to this coun
try is uncertain. It is now believed that
they occurred very soon after the Revolu
tionary war, and there are traditions of
several importations before 1S00. Soon
after that dale importations began in ear
nest, and have gone on ever since. The
first volume of the American Short-horn
Herd-book was published in 184G, the thir
teenth last year, and in them are recorded
some 33,000 pedigrees. Certain strains of
this breed have thrived peculiarly well
here, and the sale of one herd, September
10, 1873, at New York Mills, was doubtless
the most extraordinary cattle sale that has
ever taken place anywhere. At this sale
109 head sold for about $332,000, or an
average of over $3500 per bead, the higher
prices being $40,600 for a cow, and several
sold for over $20,000 each, a calf but five
months old selling for $27,000. The Devons
were also introduced early, and previous to
1S40 were imported more abundantly than
the shoit-horns, and have perhaps had as
wide an influence on the improvement of
American cattle as the last-named breed,
or even a wider. Xow all the more dis
tinguished breeds of Europe are success
fully bred here, and some five or six of the
more numerous or important have Ameri
can herd-books now published.
The effect of all this has been to enor
mously elevate the quality of American
cattle ; and so completely has the mongrel
or "native" stock been improved through
theso that in certain agricultural societies
when nremiums are offered for the best
"natives" it is found that all that are of
fered as such are, in fact, "grades," hav
ing had an infusion of better blood within
three or four generations. Even the Span
ish cattle of Texas and California are being
ran'ullv changed and improved through
f j t -
and by these better breeds. Prof. W. H,
Brewer, in Harper's Magazine for May.
The Cold Weatiiep.. The unseason
ably cold weather, a few days past, has
prevailed over the greater portion of the
United States east of the Rocky Mountains.
In Michigan, Illinois and Iowa, the ther
mometer has marked from 12 lo 20 degrees
below the freezing point, with a high wind
blowing. At Nashville, Tenn., ice formed
a quarter of an inch in thickness, and even
at Corinth, in Mississippi, ice an eighth of
an inch in thickness was seen. There was
a heavy snow fall throughout Tennessee
and Kentucky. On Saturday night a se
vere froet visited Georgia and the Caroli
nas, and snow fell at Fortress Monroe to
the depth of three inches. Snow also leil
to the depth of several inches in portions
of this State and New England. In the
northern and western portions of the coun
try Teat damage has been done to vegeta
bles and fruits, and it is feared that the
cotton, tobacco and wheat in the South
have suflered equally
We see the following in print : 'Get a
. I . r i i 1 rn.. Ka lann-th of
piece oi oeu-coru -
th horse: then douDie me com in me
middle. Then put the horse's tail hrough
the loop thus formed. Then cross the cord
on the horse's back. Then pass both ends
throush the halter ring under the horse
chin, and then tie him with both ends of
the cord. When the horse pulls, an tne
strain comes on the root of the tail, which
will cause hint to step forward at the first
Dull. Put this halter on every time you
tie biro, until cured of the vie.'
How to Calculate Interest axd
wiiat it will do. The following roles
are so simple and so true, according to all
business usages, that every banker, broker
merchant or clerk, should post then up
for reference. Their being no such thing
as a fraction in it, there is scarcely any
liability to error or mistake. By no other
arithmetical process can the desired infor
mation be obtained with so few figures :
Six percent Multiply any given amount
by the number of days of interest desired ;
seperate the right band figure and divide
by forty-five, and the result will be the in
terest ou such sum for such number of days
at six per cent.
Eight per cent Multiply any given
amount by the number of days upon which
it is desired to ascertain the interest, and
divide by forty five, and the result will be
the interest of such sum for the time re
quired at eight per cent.
Ten per cent. Multiply tlie same as
above, and divide by thirty-six, and the
result will bo the amonnt of interest at 10
percent.,; , - .
What it will do. If a mechanic or clerk
6ayes only 2 cents per day, from the time
he is twenty-one until he is three score and
ten the aggregate, with interest, will
amount to $2,000 ; and a daily saving of27$
cents reach the important sum of $59,000.
A sixpence daily will provide a fund of
$7,000 sufficient to purchase a good farm.
There are few employees who cannot save
daily, by abstaining from the irae of cigars
tobacco, liquor, etc., twice or ten times the
six cent piece. Every person should pro
vide for old age, and the man in business
who can lay by a dollar a day will even
tually find himself possessed of over $100
000. What to teach our daughters.
Teach them to say No, and mean it ; or
yes, and slick to it
Teach them to wear calico dresses, and
do it like queens.
Teach them that a good, rose romp is
worth fifty consumptives.
Teach them to regard the morals and
not the money of their beaux.
Teach them all the mysteries of the kitch
eu, the dining room and the parlor.
Teach them not to have anything to do
with intemperate and desolute young men.
Teach them the further one lives beyond
his income, the nearer lie gets to the poor
house. Rely upon it that upon your teaching
depeods in a great measure'the weal or
of their after life.
Teach them that a good, steady mechan
ic is worth a dozen loafers in broadcloth.
Teach them the accomplishments, mu
sic, painting, drawing, if you have time and
money to do it with.
Teach them that God made them iu His
own image, and no amount of tiht lacing
will improve the model.
Extracting Needles or Bm of
Iron. A simple and usually successful
mode of extracting a needle or any piece of
steel or iron broken off in the tlcsh is ac
had alittle JaugVteTwLo recently broke a
needle off in her hand. A surgeon was
called, who made several efforts to find the
needle by probing and incision, but with
out success. After the surgeon had left,
the mother conceived the idea of trying a
magnet ; one was procured, and after one
or two applications of it the broken frag
ment of needle was found attached to the
magnet. This idea will be of especial utili
ty to workers in iron. Machine shop sur
gery is not the most delicate or least pain
ful, though men heroically undergo it
rather than Btaud the loss of time due to
an inflamed eye or festered finger. Iron
Slings have a way of imbedding themselves
in the eye, which defies almost every ordi
nary means for their extraction. For their
removal, a small, blunt, pointed bar of
steel, well magnetized, will be found excel
lent, and should recommend that workmen
liable to such injuries keep such an instru
ment about them. It would be a good
plan to insert a bar in a penknife, in a
manner similar to a blade.
A Noble Charity. The Independent
Order of Odd Fellows of Eastern Pennsyl
vania is about to take measures to establish
an Old Man's Home for the benefit of the
members ot the order. This organization
is beneficial in its objects, nd efforts have
hitherto been given to the support of the
sick, the burial of the dead and the relief
of widows and orphans. These objects are
very extensive, and they have been main
tained and carried out in this country for
fifty years. The membership of the order
is very large. The amount contributed,
although moderate for each individual,
make up a large sum of money, and the
dispensation of relief has been liberal and
generous. The present effort will take the
order a step further in the grand work of
benevolence. The Idea of establishing
homes for old men who have struggled
through life with earnestness and industry,
but who have been unsuccessful in getting
ahead of the world, so as to accumulate the
means of support in extreme age, is quite
modern one, and may be said to have
grown up in tne last niteen years, .asy
lums for indigent widows and single wo
men have been favorite moans of charitable
support in this country for more than half
a century. It is only recently that atten
tion has been paid to the necessity of eld
men. The proposed institution will, there
fore, be in accordance to the spirit of the
age, which is constantly seeking new forms
to manifest its broad and catholic spirit.
The Order has the means, through united
effort, to make the project entirely success
ful, and it is one in which the public at
large, whether connected with that organi
zation or not, will take great interest.
Despondency. What right has any
person, endowed with an ordinary share
of intellect, and blessed with a respectable
share of good health, to despond ? What
is the cause of despondeucy ? What is the
meaning of it ? The cause is a weak mind,
and the meaning is sin. Providence never
intended that one of His creatures should
be the victim of a desire to feci and look
the gloom ot the thunder-cloud. Never
despond, for one of the first entrances of
vice to the heart is made through the instru
mentality of despondency. Although we
cannot expect all our days and hours to be
gilded by sunshine, we must not, for mere
momentary griefs, suppose that they are
to be enshrouded in the misli of misery, or
clouded by the opacity of sorrow and misfortune.