I i f I . I i ! n , t
I il mt In.
War 4fc--' . ra. aW I
SS4r-w jf - - - I. 1 -I
Oftrrrt T j a r - i - - -
raw twnn iaa a 4 iwi t .--: fW wi
r i hi i ii
J aw i li i ronC -r a
. a krjiaar u am -
Mil. wE .
(in. t 4 arrest.
aad ran t- tr(4-i -.
AI1 y-L r rei'v mt tii't aaatfc '
or fai' ill via ev- j.iu.k a-furan; w iw iaw
Ill Tim law of tb l ulled StaUa and tte r
an I law of war. aatarise. ia certain cas-a. Uw
Mlira aaa imiiiih private : r. prrtj twc Maa
abric-e tiavwt". aed f taw
ia;; bat itiis .no-I be iuiiucuiabni froaa (lUet .
aad the tabiax ot praperty ! pmUrr pgrpcre l
ry diflWreat from its 5narrt. to frwrmtr aes
All or pwty lawfallv takea irm tl.- rara;, ic
ir.wn the ialiabitaa f a r-nrinj- r.Mry. satatl-
ly become pt.'t
aft-aortcu :r aa iui-n.
PV " -J
aallirrixt-i tlie reubv ieatb for l.ilbiie or nln
deriiqr. and . article" aathorixe wrere puunli
nU (..r .,v ..Jo-.-r or ! irf who s i al se . em
bezxle. . t.r wast- military store. r who
ahali n-rn.ii ti.s wnr- .m-uiiar: cation ul arvsuch
public property. Tit- penalty i" the same whether
tbe offence be committed in our own or is an
army r territory.
IT. All property, public or pavvate, taken from
alleged enemies, mnst be itvcnswned and duly ac
rounted for. If the property tak n be claimed at
private, receipt must be given to rates claiinantH
or their agents. Officers will beheld strict!, ac
vooatable for all property taken by t htm or by their
authority, and it must be returned for, the same a
any other public property.
V. Where font ing parties are sent out for pro
vi-ioo or. other stores, the commanding offi' er f
such party will be held aceouutablu for the et.uduct
of his command, and will make a true report of ail
VI. Nn offidT or soldier will, without authority,
leave his colors or rank, to take private property,
or to eater a private houe for that purpose. All
such act." are punish'thle witfi death, and an tlii . i
who permits them is equally as guilty as the actual
VIL Commanding officers of armies and corps
will be held reetHmsible for the execution of tnese
orders in their respective commands.
By command of Major Genera Ualleck,
(ieneraia.Ckirf of the Army t
E. 1). TOWN SEND,
Assistant Adjutant General.
of North Carolina,
e, Nov. 29, 162 )
Depart in ut of
SPECIAL. ORDER, NO. 103.
Rev. James Means, is hereby appointed Super
intendent of all the Blacks in this Department. The
chiefs of the different Departments having blacks
under their charge, will report to him ; and he will
b obeyed and respected tc all matters connected
With the negroes in this command.
By command of Mai. Gen. J. G. Foster.
Assistant Adjutunt General
In accordance with the above Order, all those
who employ Blacks in tho public service in this
Department will report to me, monthly, theirnatnes,
employment, number of days work, with diitcs, and
rate of pay, beginning with December.
Office, Mtcalf street, corner of New street.
JAMES MEANS, Supenntendc tot Blacks.
Department or No".th Carolina,
Newbeme. Dee. 10. 18bi.
An export duty of five per crent. on all cnttun and
bides, and on all navat stores, and on all wood and
lumber,, shipped from an v port in this Department
Will oe cnargea irom mis uaie.
Masters of vessels carrying anv of the articles
above named, must exhibit their freight list to the
several Chief Quarter-Mateis, at these ports, be
fore they can .obtain a clearance.
The amounts due for the dut j , will be paid to said
Suarter-Masters, or in their absence to the Provost
arshal. until further crders.
Ah orders heretofore iseuud in relation to export
duties, are annulled, by order of Maj. Gen. Foster.
By order of Governor Stanly.
. Provost Marshal.
On and after tliis date all ni-rgons are (Virbld brinj;
tni; to tlii city for sn!e. any Tnr, Pitcli. Ro in, Tur
pentine, Cutton. Shingles wWnod, without a writ
fen permit Irom tlie owners thereof, which permit
mat he countersigned by the Provost Marshal, who
will ascertain before countersigning whether the
owners of said articles are loynl. And nil traders
are hereby enjoined not to pnrcha or sell any ol
the above articles in violation of this order.
By commaud of Gov. Edward Sfnily :
Department of North Carolina.
New Heme, Sept 12. lSlvj)
After the 15th dyof September only 2 clerks in
each of the Depart ment OmVes will be allowed to
commute their rations at 7.r rents per day.
All other detailed men w ill, after that date, either
draw their rations or commute them at the cost of
the ration at this post.
Each mess of 6 detailed men will be allowed one
cont raband as cook, whose pay will be eight dol
lars per month.
Uy command of Mai. Gen. J. G. Foster :
Assistant Adjutant General.
Head Quart KR
Department of North C
erS!l 1862. )
RKNTMAL OROKRS. No. 57.
Hereafter no negrtes will be allowed to ci-.t Wood
within the limits of this Department, without a
written permission from His Excellency, Edward
Stanly, Military Governor, or f-om the owners of
the land on which such wood is cut, except such
negroes are employed by the Quarter Masters De
partment to cut wood for the use of the Troops iu
By command of Maj. Gen. J G Foster.
Asst. Adjt. General.
Head Quarters, 1
DkTA RTMFXT OF XoilTH CAROLINA,
New Berne, November 28, 18b2. j
Special notice dated Nov 18th. relieving Captain
Daniel Meesinger from duty, as Inspector of titles
to Tar, Turpentine, Cotton, and other Merc handise,
having been issued under misapprehension, is
hereby revoked. Captain llesaihger will continue
to perform the duties connected with that office as
By command of Mni. Gen. J. G. Foster
Assistant Adjutant General.
DaPARTMasT of North Carolina, J
Newberne, Nov. 17, 1802. J
Philip Piphin, of this town, is hereby appointed
inspecterof Tar and Turpentine, and is to be respect
ed as such.
Tin is authorized to charge ten cents per barrel
All persons are forbidden to sell any Tar or Tur
pentine, without having each ba.rel inspected by
Military Governor of Nertb Carolina.
Department or N'kth Cakomxa.
New Berke, Sept. 23d. 1862.
SPECIAL OliDERS. NO 53.
Cpt. Daniel Me.singer. A. Q M.. is hereby ap
pointed to investigate titles of property to be
shipped fron. thi. port, and will be obeyed and re
By command of Mnj. Gen. Foster.
Southard Hoffman, Asst. Adj. Gen.
IlEAnqt 4BTFRH. i
Military Governor of N Caro'ina.
New Heme. June 26, 1862. '
Dr. J. G. Tri.i. will Cm mi the date of l!. is order as
rame ch avire of all vacant nn.l abandoned bnild-
Jrg in i cw l.ern
rent the same.
power to nssi
to lease, and
J. Lvman Van Bcrf
Mr rqr iri
i Carolina, V
New Berne, Oct. is.
Al! persons, prisoner- of war tothe Ul
now ..n parole in this department, desh
in.- t he lines ot l ie L- S. lorc.-s will r.-p.
aames nt these Head. .Barters immediately.
By command of Mai. ii n. J. G. Foster.
SOUTH VRD HOFFM AN.
.Assistant A'ijutaot General.
rv t .-7--v -t
tarv w fr
-A. NEWSPAPER FOR THE PEOPLE.
VOLUME 5. NEWBKRK. H. C. WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 21. NUMBER 93.
. - - - - "
ilr .Mir at am,
Bmmm m Berth CH-te,
All ffirrr- mm ntvl cii (mm arc rtnt-tly forbid-
(in to n ba-ar! f tv t i m;i.- . -tr : . i.
' u thin crT ' ' in! f bomt or ttht iri--. uutil
. ar , . .
- ii - - " r.u ,.
oui e i vupi h j. ji . w Hi UOWSQ
V " In-ird under nnv pr-text wfaau-Yer.
' by couiiuau oi , s.-n i na
Assistant Adjutaut General.
C irruinr Order.
H I A PQt' A KT C 119 ,
Department North Carolina.
Newbeme. N C. Sept. 18H2.
The great and unnecessary waste of gai in the
quarters Kcnpted by the officers and men of this
commaud, calls for immediate attention and correc
tion. The expense of making gas, is. of course, large,
ami paid, maittly, by the Government.
Soldier m quarter, are suljcct to the same
rules as to lights, as if in cam), aud Company Com
manders will .-' tha they are strictly carried out.
Officeis are et joinen to nee that as little w te as
possible takes place, in their respective quarters
BV order or Hen. j. o. roster.
SOUf HAKD HOFr'MAN, Asst. Adj. Gen.
Department of North C rolina
New Berne, Sept. 34, 1862.
SPECIAL ORDERS, NO 54.
Captain Daniel Measinger, A. Q. M.,is hereby
ordered to investigate aud examine into the ship
ments from this point of cotton. Ate, siuce the oc
cupation of New Berne by our forces.
lie wid endeavor to discover who have shipped,
and how. cotton seized by the U. S. Government,
and sent away without proper authority.
All officers of the army will afford Capt. Messin
ger any facility in the discharge of this duty.
By command of Maj. Gen. J G. Foster,
JOHN F. ANDERSON,
liieut, and Acting Ass't Auj t General.
Department of North Catmli
JNewnern, oept to, ISO
SPECIAL ORDERS No.
The firing of cannon or musketry at this port for
practice, is hereby discont nued except by special
order from these Headquarters.
By command of Mni. Gen. Foster:
A.-n'L Auj't Gen.
Department of North Carolina
dewilern Aug. Jd, Joo
GENERAL ORDERS No. 8
All Vessels are forbidden to leave any port in this
DeDartinent and take anv oersoi. of color who did
not arrive on the vessel, or whohan nottt pass from
tlie uenera or other omcer coininauaing, or irom
tbe Military Governor.
All Vessels of every description violating this or
der will be liable to confiscation and her master will
be severely punished.
No vessel shall have any port in this Department
until the master shall take an oath that he has not
any such person on board and will not allow any
such person to come or remain on board
It is the duty of the Harbor master or other per
son thereunto appointed to nxwi a copy of Mils order
to .very iDRs'er of a vvssel after she ihsllw ready
to sail and see that the oath above mentioned has
It shall be the duty of the master of every vessel
to make a written report during every voyage of
the names of -every person on board said vessel du
ring said voyage, except soldiers in service, ttnd to
preserve said report till called for by the Provost
Marshal or other officer authorized to receive it.
By command of Maj General J. G. Foster:
SOUTH vRD HOFFMAN,
Ass't Adj t Gen.
Headquarter!. Department of N. C. ?
New Berne, dune 12, 1862 5
Dr. J. G. Tull, is hereby appointed City Inspec
tor of New Berne, with power to assess and collect
rents and gas rates, and will be obeyed and respect
By command of Gov. Stanly :
J.LYMAN VAN BUREN, Military Secre'ary.
Department of Noktu Carolina, 1
qua kte km asters department, v
Newbern, Sep. SB, l62i )
Sprrial Nore f Companies quarters in ttnen.
1. The gas must be turnout off from all burners in
Company quarters, at the proper boor for the ex
tinguishment of lights, and hut one light will be
used in the hall during the night, and thnt turned
2. Company officers will see that this order is
carried out. aud that all diligence is used iu econo
3. Officers quartered in town will not use any
more burners nor continue lights later than in abso
iute necessary, in their own quarters.
Df command of Maj Gen. J. G. Foster,
JAS. C. SLAGHT, Capt. and A. Q. M
Department of North Carolina,
New Beine, April 28, 1862. )
GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 28.
Whoever, afterthe issue of this older shall, with
in the limits to which the Union Arms may extend
in this Department, utter one word against the Gov
ernment of these United States, will be at once ar
rested and closely confined. It must be distinctl
understood that this !) partmeut is under Martial
Law, and treason expressed or implied, will meet
with a rpeedy punishment.
The Military Governor of New Berne is charged
with the strict exeeution of this order, within the
bounds of his control.
By command of Major General Burr.side :
Ass't Ailj t Gei-eral.
Provost Marshal's Office,
Newbero, Jan. 12, 186.1. J
Hereafter, no citizen will be allowed to purchase
spirituous liquors, without a peraiit Irom the Pro
Nothing can be shipped from this Port except by
order of the Chief Quartermaster.
Whilst every facility wil be nff rded to rersmis
engaged iu legitimate business in this city, and at
tempts at extortion in prices, or monopoly of such
nrth les as may be necessary to the comfort of the
troops, will deprive the orl'euder of his license to
sell. Any trader refusing to ac cept in payment
United States Treasury Notes will be reported to
the Provost Marshal.
All persons having filth or rubbish of any kind
in their yards or lots, will at once deposit the san e
in a barrel or box in the street, so that it may be re
moved. Owners and occupants of Houses and Stores, will
be held strictly responsible for the condition of the
sidewalks in front of their buildings, and must also
take care that no dirt or rubbish is deoosited in the
'.utters, which must be kept free, to prevent the
accumulation of Mater in the streets.
Has been established at the foot of Pollock stre
for the landing of all kinds ot produce that
brought into this City for sale ; .-.urt in order to pi
vent monopoly, no person will be allowed to foi
stall anv of such i.ro.iure or 1. revisions, i.
one will be all. .neit n elinrge a lair anil reasonaon
nrice. uwder the supervision of the Council of Ad
be allow. l t
ul t his Cor
Ian. I at nm
No boats will
it c in this City, for
the sale of or
or provisions. Any vioiauonoi
ioct tlie boat and contents to eon-
ihis order will subji
ri-cnl ion for the In
fthe Ilosliiial This older
nil; go into effect, on Monday next, the thirtieth day
KOt'KEltY a fresh
IJ-- r M !.-:( i. Office
N-- . J Mil- I. I
T!? datie of the in additun b- tb
iu:ir- laid duwn ia ba Anny NaIatiM. will be
! prrm-rrvt t.rdt-r within th-f Itiuit of tlioir beat,
to that ih property is injured, no iioitoea entered
ritliut prpcr aurhoiity, nocitts-D abu-rd u? ia-
ulted ; tbat no MIdier bmh hu post wit hoot gj
pai- firuan thm Cilia ajisl of ni- regiment j that l; aaj-
tltF MBMal 1 Ifrt With tUt a DOl Ifnir. tlie (-airXAUl
; 11 sliiy, nod t;-nt, aid-r dare, uuitber so.dier
nor nilor be illowtrd to pass.
Every so'dier or sailor found in the streets after
daik. will he arretted, the Sergeant of tbe guard
called, and the offender handed over to him, to be
conducted to the Guard House. AH disorderly pr
SoSas at any time, will be arrested and handed over
to the Sergeaut of the Guard.
Ib case of any disorderly or riotous persons re
fusing; to obev the orders of the sentinel, the seuti
nrtl shall use his arms, if the offender cannot b- se
cured in any other way. To roisWt or assault a en-
j tinel. i eaao saf the gravest of military offences, aud
will aabiect the off. nder to s.-vere naiiishmei.t
t -sioueii uaicers do not require a pass, but
no one will be recognized as an officer, without hi
uniform, and the shonlder straps, which indicate his
rank. Gold lace on the sleeve of a naval oftieer is
an evidence of rank as an officer.
No officer of the Guard or Sentinel has authority
to release from al First any Prisoner ef the Provos.
Guard. The non-commissioned Officer or Sentinel
in charge of Prisoners will be held responsible for
No pass for a soldier or sai'or is good, except it be
countersigued by the commanding officer of his
regiment or vessel. Any soldier or sailur without
a pass properly countersigned, will be arrested aud
confined iu the Guard House.
No person is allowed to sell spirituous liquors to
soldiers, sailors or negroes, upon any pretext what
ever An attempt to evade ti.i.-. order M-ill be treat
ed with the same severity as an open violation of
it. Any person selling tea Commissioned Officer,
upon an order purporting to come from him, will be
lielu responsible lor tlie gcmiineness ot tne order
All Sutlers ore prohibited from selling Liquors by
the glass to any Commissioned, non-eomui'ssioned
officer, or private soldier, sailor or citizen. Any
violation of this order will subject the party offend
iugto a heavy fine ns well as forfeiture of his privi
lege to keep a Stwre in the city of Newborn.
No parcel can be sent by Express except by a
special permit from the Provost Marshal.
No person shall water a horse or mule within
fifty feet ot a pump.
No person shall wash at a pump, or clean fish,
or deposit filth of any kind, at or near a pump
Citizens will be allowed to pass aud repass in the
city during good behavior until nine o'clock P, M.
After nine o'clock no pass is good except a special
one from the Provost Marshal, or from Heud Quar
ters. The Provost Marshal, is instructed to allow no
one from w ithont our lines to land in this city, unless
tney come here to tra.le ; and all such persons must
he made 9 land at somsgiven point, and no where
else. A guard of several men must be placed there.
and those people be allowed no communication with
the cittzens of Newbern except in the presence ot
one of the guard ; and they must not be allowed to
go about the city. it they wunt to trade at the
stores, a party of them can go at a time, under
charge of a guard. These orders must be etrictly
AH persons arriving in this city to trade will imme
diately report themselves at ttie office of the Pro
vost Marshal; and no boats are allowed to land at
any wharf or dock, except those at the foot of Pol
lock street. All strangers tound in tlie city
have not report ed'as above ordered, will be arrested
and dealt mtn summarily.
All persona are forbid Ditching
th. Tr.i. in the Chy pnrl all. 11;
sit ucted to ii.ias uit awttiwny I
vi..Ut i.oi of this order.
All persons are forbid firing guns, pistols, or can
non, in any of the streets, lanes, alleys, or lots
within this city. No fireworks will be burnt or
fired unless by a special permitof the Provost Mur
Whereas many non commissioned officers and
privates who are upon detached seivice. clerks,
teamsters and orderlies, are in the habit of
leaving off their proper uniforms and appearing in
officers undress, or citizen's apparel, verjr much to
the prejudice of good order and discipline o: the
service, it is hereby ohdebep,
That all such persons at once appear in their
proper uuiforms, or they will be arrested aud pun
ished. All negroes are forbidden to wear the button of
the Army snd all officers are hereby enjoined to
see that their servants comply with this regulation.
Hereafter no fences, or. parts of fences, in this
town, shall be removed without the written order of
Capt. Daniel Mssinger. Div. Qr. Master.
Fast driving (by oilicers or muo) H strictly pro
hibited it 1. 1. lie limits ..f the city. Seuuics will
arrest all violating this order.
Hereafter dead horses must be taken by the Reg
iment, Battery, &e., to which they belong, at least
oue mile troni town and at oifce bnried the grave
to be not less thnn six feet deep.
Regiments. Batteries, etc., will at once take the
necessary steps to bury such dead horses as be
longed to their respective commands, and at present
Commanding officers will see to the full and
prompt carrying out of this order.
By order of Maj. Gen. J. G. FOSTER,
Com. 18tli Army Corpsw
Department of North Carolin
Kew Berne. Sept. 24, lSbZ
GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 44.
No vehicles whatever will be allowed to pass
over the R. B Bridge, without n pass from these
Headquarters, or the Provost Marshal.
By command of Maj. Gen. J. G. Foster,
JOHN F ANDERSON,
Acting Assistant Adjutant General.
nil, I TABV BAII.BOAD,
On and altir Dec. 1st trains will leave as follows:
Leave Newbern...... ......3 A. M.
" Hovehxk 10
" Newport Barracks 10.35
41 Carolina City 11
Arrive Morehesd 11.15
Leave Morehead. .
o Carolina City
..1 on P.
Stop on signal.
All free passes on this Road will be Void after
Monthly Passes will be issued on and af'.er that
date, to all persons entitled to permanent transporta
tion, to be obta ued only at this Office, and of the
Assistant Quarter 'master Morehead No Person
will be allowed to trnvel on the ltoad ithont a pass
or ticket. This rule will be strictly adhered to.
JAMES C. SLAGHT,
Capt. 6c A Q. M,
Newbern, Dec 1, 1862.
AVID VAGII A F
CO AMISSION MERCHANT.
78 Courtlandt Street. New York
Fi r the p.ale of Cotton, Naval Stores, and all
southern products. Refers to
D. R Martii , I resident Ocean Bank, N. Y.
Moses Taylor. President City Bank, N. Y.
S. C. Nelson, Newbern
Bale-.. Hamilton At Co.. Newbern. 3ni27
MlaoUM for every
DIDI.EVN WOOD ti ll lit!' ! :
opposite the Turpentine Distillery,
Front street, where consumers of Wood, will find
good supply constantly on hand, at as cheap rates
aj- the Market afford?.
1. S. Please call before purchasing elsewhere.
THuMAS R. DUDLEY
Newbern, J-u. 5, 1S0J. lm!
iliat are found in I nnM
I Wiah I W a. rrialer.
I wiah I was a printer,
I really do indeed.
It seems to me tbat printers
Get -(Tythinjs they need.
They fret the largest and the beat
Of everything that grows;
And get free into circuses.
And other kind of show,.
(By giving an equivalent !)
The biggest bug will speak to them.
No matter how they dress ;
A shabby coat is nothing
If they own a printing press,
f Policy '
At ladies' fairs they're almost hugged
By pretty girls who know
That they will crack up everything
The ladies have to show.
And thus they get a " blow out "
At every party feed
The reason is because they write,
And other people read.
(" Thai's so!' ;
The ltebt-1 Women of Xualivillc.
The Nashville correspondent of the New
York Tribune gives the following descrip
tion of the present appearance of Nashville,
nnd the manner in which the rebel women
conduct themselvei;. lie says :
There is scarcely a dwelilr." in the su
burbs unscarthed. Their beautiful gardens
are deflowered ; the boughs of stately mag
nolias broken, their smooth bark rudely
rasped Irom their graceful trunks : fences
Swept into ashes, beautiful parks converted
into unseemly commons and sprinkled with
the debris of camps and transportation
trains. Evidence of culture and refine
ment remain but in ruins. You say of
such a dwelling: "The proprietor was
wealthy and liberal." I so conclude from
vjew of the dreary exterior of the structure
and the dim tracings ot the premises. A
monsistery is not more cheerless than the
deserted mansions of fugitive rebels.
A few are not deserted, but they are
more gloomy than the grand edifice whose
shattered shutters and broken windows stare
coldly at you. The fronts are securely
closed. Scarce a ray of light, save the
flickering beams that steal through the lat
ticed shutters penetrate to the shaded cham
ber of the somber occupants. The tenants
of those cloister-like habitations were once
gay nnd airy women, who shed lustre on
nt society, but who sit there now in
glopBiy solitude through the weary months,
uTYquencOTblTteare" over the
metv fall of those held most dear. " As
theyihnile their Led. so must they lie."
The Nashville uolice early adopted a
vririciple of rigor to the rich, leniency to
the poor. The women, understanding their
influence over men, nt first appearea in gay
phalanx to solicit passes for their male
friends but that artifice failed. Excepting
under extraordinary circumstances, each in
dividual desiring to go through our lines
was required to appeared personally. The
cream of ton were too wise to.apply. Their
followers were successful only in upon giv
ing such guarantees as were believed to be
thoroughly binding upon them. But very
few permits were granted to this olass un
der any circumstances. Fifteen or twenty
were removed southward at their own re
quest, under flags oF truce, promising to re
turn no more. Poor market men and wo
men, humble fuel dealers, and hucksters,
were and are indulged under restric
tions which bind them thoroughly. Fear
of consequences affects them more power
fully than it dees the fnshionable castes.
Notwithstanding the rigor of the police
system, we are yet liable to deception.
Some women, for mora love of adventure,
or else from ineradicable depraviy, have at
tempted to smuggle both merchandise and
letters. No severe examples have been
made of any yet, but these people are in
curring serious hazards.
Saturday, a woman standing high in so
ciety, pledged herself by most solemn oaths
to refuse to carry letters, or to smuggle con
traband goods. Before she got through
our lines she was arrested and searched.
A woman in police serice handled her
tenderly but firmly. After the lady smug
gler was stripped to the buff, a parcel of
letters were found concealeil under the che
mise. Sha resisted furiously at first, and
was shockingly abusive but it was unavail
ing. Not long since another, who pledged her
self with equal solemnity, received a pass
to go to Gallatin. She was suspected, fol
lowed, and was arrested at Gallatin. Her
trunk contained a large quantity of quinine,
morphia, and other contraband articles or
rebel consumption valued at $500.
A New t'aaal Project.
The Dutch have set on foot a gigantic work of
canal improvement. It is proposed to construct
a ship canal from Amsterdam through North Hoi
land towaids the sea; to be thirteen miles long,
two hundred feet wide, and twenty-four feet deep'
This canal will shorten the d stance from Amster
dam to London, and all ports south of the Tex el,
by aboJt eighty miles, so thai Vessels will now
be enabled to reach the sea in a few hours,
whereas the present journey over the Simluger
and the North Holland canal now occupies sev
eral days, and soroetimis weeks.
In order to form a safe sea entrance to the canal
it will be necessary to construct enormous sluices
and an artitiei.il harbor on the unprotected coast
of Holland, the piers of which will extend more
than a mile into the sea. This will be the chief
engineering difficulty to be overcome. With the
undertaking is connected the reclamation of the
Y eontaiiiinff fifteen thousand acres of rich allu
vial clay, and when reclaimed is estimated to be
worth one million sterling.
1 tie total eaoiiai reriuireei is es imaieu at a urn-
lion and a half sterling, upon which the Dutch
government guaranty an interest of four and a
half per cent 1 he concessionaire, are Mr. J G.
' K 1 L ' . ' .... . K .'. & ....
Messrs B. W Croker and Charles Burn.
gentlemen have been ten years maturing
project, tne concession saving ueon urijjiuauy
i asked ia lco3.
The Richmond Dispatch of Saturday last i
has an article on "The City of Charleston'
wmcn says :
"With al! the:r blathering about Richmond,
we believe that the capture of Charleston
would afford even more exquisite delight tothe
Northern heart than the downfall of Richmond,
it is true tnat tne latter is the Loniederate capi
tal ; but its capture, except in name, would
prove a barren victory. If they could take
Richmond, that event would be probably fore
seen by this government in time to rt move
from the cspital everything of value. Virgi
nia and tbe South abound with natural facili
ties for manufacturing purposes, and h.z work
shops already in existence in the inter!, would j
be increased and multiplied to an indefinite ex
tent. The government archives could be trans -
ferred to another locality without any difficulty,
and, in the language of President Davis, the
war could be carried on in Virginia fur twenty
years. After the first inconveniences of the
loss of Richmond, our national defence would
proceed with fresh energy, and we shou'd still
possess the only means of transporting sup
plies we have ever had the railroads for our
rivers have been, and still are of use only to
the enemy. Moreover, the fre-quent discomfi
tures which the Yankees have met in their 'On
to Richmond,' and the increasing probabilities
ef accomplishing that object, are beginning to
make the grapes somewhat sour in the estima
tion oi those amiable foxes.
"But the Charleston grapes still hang in
tempting clusters, and the grudge they owe
South Carolina is older and more venomous
than that toward Virginia. Their journalists
never refer to Charleston without styling it that
'adders' nest of treason,' a breathing forth a
burning desire to measure conclusions between
their fleet and the bite of the 'adders.' South
Carolina committed the unpardonable crime of
lighting he flames of this 'unholy rebellion,'
and of first causing the United States flag to
trail in the dust. Moreover, she is an old of
fender, having for thirty years been chafing in
her chains, and loathing with intense and un
concealed disgust her compulsory companion
ship with Yankee Doodledom. Besides all this,
her proud and pure character is a standing al -front
to inferior natures which can never be
forgiven. How they would delight to humble
her in the dust, to tread her in the mud, to
jump, and halloo, and whoop over her prostrate
"The condition of New Orleans would be an
elysium, compared to that of Charleston, if it
should fall into Yankee hands. There is no
indigni.y its people would not be made to suf
fer, no atrocity its enemies are not capable of
perpetrating. It would be better that not one
brick should be left standing upon another in
Charleston ; better that the whole population
should be driven out houseless and homeless
wPtiireuijJiuuiiuiy, oy wier th7
ho mterht be sent there as the most
atrent to make Charleston drink to the
drefjt the bitter cup which the Yankees have
prepared for her lips. But we have no fears
of any surrendar.
" If Charleston should be destroyed, it will
be only the loss of a few acres of Carolina soil,
leaving intact the strength and independence
of the State. We are satisfied, however, that
Charleston will drive back tbe invaders in ig
nominious confusion, and come out of the con
flict with all her banners flying. There is in
commind of that coveted city an old acquaint
ance of the Yankees ; he who made Fort
Sumter bend its proud head, and who first
sent the Yankees to the right about at Manas
sas with a velocity unparalleled in the annals
of war. He is a man whose heart burns with
an intensity of patriotism more than equal to
the ardor uf their fanatical passions, and whose
military genius is equal to any emergency of
the war. With Beauregard at the head of
Carolina's chivalry, there will be such an en
tertainment read' for the Yankees at Charles
ton which will satisfy their appetites for inva
sion for generations to come.''
A Trip t
RicbmoMcf aud Bark.
One of the parties captured by the raid of
Stuart s cavalry into Dumfries, ten er twelve
days since, arrived in this city last evening,
having escaped from Libby prison, and suc
ceeded in getting North by passing himself ofl
in company with a parly of paroled prisoners.
At the time of the raid, some ten or fifteen
sutler's wagons, loaded with goods, were cap
tured three miles beyond the town. The rebels
selected what they Chose, and burned the bal
ance with the wagons, taklhg the men and
horses with them. They then went into Dum
fries, where they were met and rcp'.lscd by
our forces, when they retreated about ten
miles, avowing their determination to enter
Dumfries again that night. One company Was
detached to Convey the prisoners they had with
them, numbering about ninety-three sutlers
and Soldiers to Richmond. This par';.- went
in the direction of Catlett'-s Station, nnd crossed
the river at Rappahannock Station, where the
rebels have erected a now and substantial rail
road bridge, over which they expected to run
the cars in a few days, halting for the night at
Culpepper. The next day they were taken to
Gen. Hampton's headquirters, on the Rapidan
river, about ten miles from Culpepper, the om
cer In command Supposing the prisoners would
there be paroled, which Hampton refused to
do. From theie they were sent to Richmond
the next day, and confined in different prisons.
A negro driver belonging to one of tne Cap
tured sutlers attempted to run, but was in
stantly killed. Another of the party, Marcus
McNiel, sutler at Doubleday's headquarters,
made a narrow escape. He had two valuable
teams, and with one of them had got on some
cistance ahead of the rest of the party. They
not coming up. he drove his team in
woods and started back to learn the reason,
but was soon halted by a dozen carbines
pointed at his head. He comprehended the
position and surrenderee!, without revealing
the whereabouts of his team. This was sub
sequently found by some returning sutlers,
and brought safely to Washington.
Our informant states that he saw no fortifi
cations whatever on the way from the Rappa
hannock to Richmond, with the exception of
two or three sand forts close to the town but
that from the city toward Petersburg was one
I continual line of defenses, and that near the
I latter place some 2000 negroes were strength-
eninu old or builuinir new works. inev were
aso trectir.g fortifications between Petersburg
an(, ci(y point
i 0n pw ycar,s day R;chmond was
(;vi.r Ihp noire of ennnocod vietorv in 'Fonne-i.
i " " ... uurr...,. .. ... - - -
see, but on .Monuav the tune cnangeu, ana tnoy
wore long laces, and acknowledged they had
Ibeen badly whipped.
. Hbm'('i t kromcle.
The Fall ut UM
Mr. Lawtan. ot 5 1 all, tsmrrj. w fe 4
a A.vstaat A$sRact tiaunl mm L--a s ata.t.
eaaae laThia oar bars at Farmoarth. a di r or
two saner. ndii a mi trace, requests;
to raw-, her tiubauvt. wh van
tnr battle ct IMafch. a.-1
Vice President Hamlin, and rwrrral members
of CotigT., bcinj at F.imo.ith at the It 'Or,
(sen. Sutnnef introd.i -c 1 them to lira. La wton,
and as her hu-ban-! was in one of the Alexan
dria hospitals, under rae-i-cal treatment. Vic?
President Hamlin te-adtrad her a berth 00 his
own specUl tranpor
Oa the reute to Alexandria. Mrs. Lawton
'a the recipient of mny kind attentions
from ilr. lluril.n, several members of the
I ' , '
ine deicitAtion in Cosai! raaa, a.d other dis-
i linzuished ireiitlemcn. f .r which she ex: e'-s- d
j hers- If a deeply grattfuL Her il .i nlnul
j was that of a highly cultivated a:id dignihe-J
j lady, who keenly appreciated the horrers of
the present war. "
frankly, and in ladv-hke lan-
guage, ot the
iinim-nse suffering in the rebel
army consequent upon their being nearly com
plutely eat off from all commerce with the
outer world ; and does not hesi'ate to express
her regrets that the war was ever inaugnratad.
Although firm in her devotion to the South,
she is a rare exception among Southern ladies.
As a rliaa. thev exhibit the most unrelentinir
, and inhuman ferocity towards the friends of
! th i Ucion : but U: s. Lawion strike only in
When the transport approached the Alexan
dria wharf, Mrs. Liwlon separated from the
Vice President with the warmest expressions
of thanks fir his unexpected courtesy. Messrs.
Cravens and Shanks, of Indiana, escorted Mrs.
L. into the city of Alexandria, and assisted
her in finding her husband.
A f Way of Tlnrrviaar.
In New Hampshire they used to choose all
their State, county and town officers, from
Governor down to hog reeves, at one town
meeting, the annual March meeting. As the
officers were very numerous, it was customary
as fast as they were cheisen to walk them up
before a justice of the peace and have them
sworn into office " by companies, half com
panies, pair and single." " Square Chase," of
Cornish, (father of Gov. Chase of Ohio) being i
the most prominent justice, had this task to
perform, and a severe task it was, occupying
much of his time from morning till night.
It was on one of these occasions, after tho
labors and toils of the day were over, he re
turned to his homo weary and overcome with
the fatigues of his employment, and throwing
himself in his easy chair, be fell into a sound
sleep. In the meantime a couple who had
been waiting impatiently for some time for tho
justice to join them in wedlock, presented
themselves in another part of the house, and
made known their interesting desire to Mrs.
Chase, who, somewhat confused and agitated,
attended them to the sleeping justice, whom
she found it difficult to arouse. Shaking him
by the shoulder, she called out, " Mr. Chase,
do pray wake up ; here is a couple come to bo
married." The justice having administered
oa-hs all day, was dreaming of nothing else,
half waked, rubbing bis eyes and looking at
the wistful pair, asked :
"Are you the couple ?"
Ihey nodded assent.
" Well, hold up your hands." They did so
giiihjiniwu i' mil. 1iuu--wTfrTauuiUify'feetli
the duties of v
tne to vour best
Insubordiuntion of a .Mirhignu Colonel.
1'Ue Rebels R building llie Bridge at
Rappahannock siniios. Lart body mt
Rebela on tbe Occoqunn.
A'ric York, Jan. 1 -
A special dispatch to the Herald, states that
information was brought to Col. Wyndham yea
terday, that the rebels were rebuilding the bridge
across the Rappahannock station.
H immediately ordered Col. Richmond, of tha
1st Micbiga-i Cavalry, to take a picket detail
from his regiment and make a rocor.noisance to
acerlain the fact. Col Richmond refused to
obey the order upon the grouud of informality
and the want of rations
lie was then directed to report in person, which
he did. and conducted himself so insolently as to
elicit from Col. Windham the epithet of "cow
ard." The facts were reported to Gen Stough
ton, by whom Col. Richmond was placed under
arrest- Col. Richmond will be summarily dis
missed from the service
Jt has since been acertained that the rebels fe
built the bridge at the Rappahannock Station,
and that a train has passed over il and proceeded
down the road ns far as Catle.tt's Station. If Col.
Richmond bad obeyed the order given him, ha
would have been able to prevent the re construc
tion of the bridge
It is stated that fl large body of rebels bava
made their appearance upon the Occcqnan at
Snyder's Ford, where Stuart crossed, and within
twelve miles of Alexandria. It is evident that
Lee contemplates a movement Northward.
A Brnve Irian's Advrnlnrrs.
The New Orleans Delta stlys of tho roan
Charles McGill, assistant engineer of the steamer
Empire Parish, who was killed by the Louisiana
rebels in the recent attack upon that steamer:
" The history of this brave man during the
past few mouths has been one of strange adven
tures and escapes. He was on one of the rebel
gunboats in the battle above the fotts on the 24th
of April last, where he was disabled by a Ball
that bad been loosened by a shot. He was lying
down in an insensible state, when some one
struck his foot against his head. This revived
him, and ho discovered that the vessel had been,
abandoned and was nn fire. Making a great
effort he threw himself into the river and swam
ashore, where lie took refnge in the swamp.
Danger followed ii:n even here, for, as one of tha
vessels blew up, a piece of iron, weighing some
two hundred or three huudred pounds, struck
within two or three feet of bim. having been
hurled that distance by the force of the explosion.
He was soon found and cared for. brought to this
city atil sent to report to the rebel naval officer
at J ackson, Mississippi From there he was or
dered to Memphis, and was in the gunboat tight
before that ci.y, where his boat was again blown
up. From Memphis he came to this city, and has
been engaged on the steamers running to nnd
from the const. He was on the Empire Parish
when she was before attacked by guerillas, minis
three or four months ago. He afterwards engag
ed on the ill fated st amer Mar. but left tier on
' lDe tr'P Ju,t before she was captured and burnt
oy I lie gneiuias. no was wen liiveu oy i;is asso
ciates on the river, and was a man who would
uot shrink from personal danger when his duly
required bim to brave il."
A long time ago, in our native county, Eiiln
was directed by his teacher to " over
look " a class reading a portion of scripture,
iu a common school-. Tbe boys were reading
from Job, and a " s'cr.v c errh " had to
prompted, which Klihu itid as follows : " (nf
smote Job with sote boils." Tlie boy rlra'ryij
out deliberrCely, " CfoA that Joo irita
four tolls ! " F.Iitiu was struck dumb and
conrit on.'T wniSDer in liiu bnvs car !t was
1 a devil of a charge, waru't it?" The boy
mittaking it for the lesson, blurted out " Al
nat-a-deril -of-a-charge- Kam't-it .'"
(If rVMirK. Telil.il I rii-fl to oh -el.- lh. i
. - - - j.
unstieces-tuilv, ati l tlie bov s defence ro the
j teacher was that "he told him n." Elihu
, " g t lickeu.
3ur offices, ream ejUarehraW - M
Skill and judgment So help
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