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Newbern progress. (Newbern, N.C.) 1863-186?, January 21, 1863, Image 1

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arx pw. Jtmm wrza mm ?
' mi kr a m.m lu
r eaantaa. ale v- 1
tary r trim m t. aad ea resrad-a mm ma. '
al a I All nx c(? n"iM tarkMiM
tj mln 1 a psateW rwrts ta ci Im-wm
1IL 1 M kwi f tba Culled .State aa-i ta res
anllawsnf" war. aataia. ia r-rti ca-. tin
Mlira aa4 wn ni-m of private polity fr t e
ktbt'M uwntui'. ar tae
amy: bat this mmt tediiinr;uibed (rum piliage;
asd tbe taking; ol property lw fmUte perpuees l
vry diflWrrat froca its otwwm to f rfatr axes
All pr pty Uwfallv takea frrnn tb mrmy. w
fma tbe laiiabilsao '( mm enemy s cMnlry . rastsrl
ly vMiMpaUir pTien. ossi snast be oi-d aad
mcrmuntKd far as nm. Tbe 5-d Article U War
authorises the penally of death for pillage nr plun
dering, and ibrr article authorixe wrtm puuish
meats 1jt any officer or soldier who shall sell. t-
bezzle. misapply, or wiM militarv stores, or who
shall Derm it t.ie wn-te or misapplication of arysueh
public tnperiy. Th penalty is the same whether
int oneace ue curonuicu um uiu vwn vt ts
SAPWlv's lrritiTV.
IT. All property, public or pavate, taken from
aiiefcaa eaamiea, man oa iLTnjwineu ni nuiy
ronatad for. If tlie Dnmerty taken be claimed as
ariTate. recetpla muat be fEiven to t-urh claunanta
ariliirftmiiti. Officers will beheld stnetlt
cuaatabte tor all proporty taken by Hit uior by their
aatbority, and it must be returned for, the same as
Mr otiier puuile property.
V. Where fura inn narties are si-nt out for pro-
iis nr. other stores, the commanding offi' er t
sack party vill be held accouiitable for the cenduet
of his ooa.niand, and will make a true report of all
property taken.
. No officer or soldier will, without authority.
leave his colors or ranks, to take private property,
or to eater a private house for that purpose. All
such acts are unnishable with death, and an cflicer
who permits them is eqcally as guilty as the actual
VII, Commanding officers of armies, and corps
will be held resiHHiaible for the execution of these
orders in. their respective commands.
Hy comma rid ot Mnjor General Halleck,
UrnerOi-im-Ckiif of tke Army:
E. 1). TOWN8END,
A'sUlanl Adjutant General.
Head Qnarteiu, )
Depnrtin ut of North Carolina,
Kewbcrne, Nov. 29, 1&J )
Rev. James Means, is hereby aspointed Super
intendent of all the Marks in this Department. The
chiefs of the different Departments having blacks
under their cliarire, will report to him; and he will
be obeyed and respected ic all matters connected
wltn tlie negroes in mis cumuiaiiu.
By command of Mni. Gen. .J. G. Foster,
Assistant Adjatunt General.
Ia accordance with the nbove Order, all those
who employ Blacks in the public service in this
Department will report tome, monthly, tlieirnames,
employment, number of days work, with dates, and
rate of pay, beginning with December.
Office. Matcalf street, corner of New street.
JAMES MEANS, Snperintende tot Blacks.
Newberne, Dec. 10, 18b. $
An export duty of five per cent, on ail cotton and
hides, and on all naval stores, and ot, all wood and
lumber,. shipped fromanv port in this Department
will be charged from this date.
Wasters of vessels carryin any of the articles
above named, must exhibit their freight list to the
several Chief Quarter-Mateis, at these ports, be
fore they canjobtain a clearance.
The amounts due for the duty , will be pnid to said
Suarter-Masters, or in their abteoce to the Provost
arshal, until further rrdera.
AU orders heretofore issued in relation to export
duties, are annulled, by order of Maj. Gen. Foster.
By order of Governor Stanly.
..-. -3 m. ' '--r- lfovost asaranai.
Vsirticsilar Ftotice.
On and after this date all persons are tVirbld bring
Ing to this city for snle. any Tar, Pitch. Ro in, Tur
pentine, Cotton. Shingles or Wood, without a writ
.en permit Irom the owners thereof, which permit
must he countersigned by the Provost Marshal, who
will ascertain before countersigning whether the
owners of said articles are loyal. And all traders
nre hereby enjoined not to purchase ur sell any of
the above articles in violation of this order.
By commond of Gov. Edward Stnnly :
Provost Marshal.
Headquarters, f
Department of Xorth Carolina.
New llcrnc. Sept 12, lStij)
After the 15th dyof fJeptember only 2 clerks in
each of the Department Offices will be allowed to
commute their rations at 75 cents per day.
All other detailed men will, aftor that date, either
draw their rations or commute them at the cost of
the ration at this post.
Each mess of 6 detailed men will be allowed one
cont rabnnd as cook, whose pay will be eight dol
lars per month.
By command of Maf. Gen. J. G. Foster :
Assistant Adjutant General.
Department of North Carolin
ilina, V
18f J. )
NewBeme, November zi
Herenfter no negroes will be allowed to cut Wood
within the limits of this Department, without a
written permission from His Excellency, Edward
Htanly, Military Governor, or f-om the owners of
the land on which such wood is cut, except such
negroes are employed by the Quarter Masters De
partment to cat wood for the tue of the Troops in
this Command.
By command of Maj. Gen. J. G Foster.
Asst. Atljt. General.
Head Quarters
Dxpartjiext of North Carom
New Berne, November 5i8, 18h2.
Special notice dated Nov 18th. relieving Cnptntn
Daniel Messinger from duty, as Inspector of titles
to Tar, Turpentine, Cotton, and other Merchandise,
having been issued under misapprehension, is
hereby revoked. Captain JIessihrer will continue
to perform the duties connected with that office as
By command of Mni. Gen. J.G. Foster
Assistant Adjutant General.
Dkpartmxst of North Carolina, ?
Newberne, Nov. 17, lSn:J.
Philip Piphin, of this town, is hereby appointed
inspecterof Tar and lurpentin
rpentine, and is to be respect-
ed as such.
He is authorized to charge ten cents per barrel
for inspection.
All persons ore forbidden to sell any Tar or Tur
pentine, without having each bairel inspected by
Military Governor of Nerth Carolina.
Heath carters.
Department or North Carom
New Berne. Sept. KM. 186:
Cspt. Daniel Mesinger. A. Q M.. is hereby ap
pointed to investigate titles of property to be
shipped fron. this port, and will be obeyed and re
spected accordingly.
By command of Mnj. Oen. Foster,
SoOTHAHIl HoFKMAN, Adbt. Adj. Gull.
(CARTER!!. l
or of N. Ciro'ina, ?
s.J tine 2ti. lSiy. )
Military Governor
N ew Berne
Da. J. G. TrrLtwilI trom the date of this order a
snmc ch arce of all vac:int mid nhnn'loncd build
ing in New hern, with power to assign, to lease, and
rent the same.
By coinmnnd of
J. Ltman Van lliritrs, Milh.uy Secretary.
Mr rcr witfrs, J
IVpnrtmeiit N"rth Cnrolina, V
New Uerne.Oct. iS. fil,!. )
Al! persons, pi ioner- of wartothe I'nited State
now on parole in this department, desirous of le'
inc the lines of the C S. forces will report the
anmes at these Henili Barters immediately.
By command of Mn'j. icn. J. fl. Fostfk.
AesiaUut Adjutant UcliCra!.
ta aay
Cm i a a vntar
oi Jb ucrr ATi.
ilraourABTsas. ' J
Depart- N,mi t, CaroTaa, r
Xeslra, Ort. l-. Ma. )
All fEet-rs snea aal citizens arc strictly forbid
den to ro board of any f the steamers arrviaif
Ml this port meat cf bHtts nr other wie, until
the vesMsl i rperiv secured to the whnrt.
The frorit Marvhcl will see that this orde; is
i"rtplicitly obe ed mid tha no one except perMsu
roaaerted with these llednir1ers and with the
office of Cpt Slaght. A J. M., a ill be allowed to
o on board ander anv pretext whatx-ver.
By command of Xlsj tin Fo Tea.
Assistant Adjutaut General.
Circa Jar Orar.
pppartmont North Carol in
TTit crt nod nnnecef-arr wa(e of pi in the
quarter rcn;ie4l by the flicrn and men of tm
rf.tnniud, calls fur iuiuiedittto atteotiuu and correc
ts -n.
The expense of making pat i, of eonree, large,
and paid, maiuly, by the ivertmietit.
Soldier in quarter, nre nu1jvc-t to the name
rnltsi an to lihiM, as if in camp, and Company Com
wanders will nee tha they are trirt!y enrried out.
OfBceis are ei joinea t net; that ai little wafte as
poHStbte takea plafe, in their repertive quarter.
Bv order of M. f Jen. J. G. Ktwter.
Depart men t of North C rolina
New Berne, Sept. 24, 1862.
Captain Daniel Messinger, A. Q. M-, is hereby
ordered to investigate and examine into the ship
ments from this point of cotton, dec, since the oc
cupation of New Berne by our forces.
lie will endeavor to discover who have shipped,
and how. cotton seized by the U. 8. Government,
and sent away without proper authority.
All oflicers of the army will aflVrd Capt. Messin
ger any facility in the discharge of this duty.
By command of Mm. Gun. J G. Foster,
.Lieut, and Acting Ass't Adj t General.
Head Quarters
Department of North Carol
Newborn, Sept 16, 186:
62. )
The firine: of cannon or musketry at this port for
Drnclice. is nereoy aiscont.nuea except uy special
order from these Headquarters.
By command ot Mni. Wen. f aster:
Ais't Aiij't Gen.
Headquarters, f
Department of North Carolina,
New Bern Aug. 3d, 186'.!. )
All Vessels are forbidden to leave any port in this
Department and take any uersoi, of color who did
not arrive on the vessel, or who ha not a pass from
the General or other officer commanding, or from
the Military Governor.
All Vessels of every description violating this or
der will be liable to confiscation and her master will
be severely punished.
No vessel shall have any port in this Department
until the master shall take an oath that be has not
anv such person on board and will not allow any
such person to come or remain on board.
It ia the duty of the Harbor master or other per
son thereunto appointed to rwwt a copy of Mils order
ta Avery jnaatwr or a vMseiavrter sne snatimt reaoy
to sail and see that the oatn a Dove mentioned lias
been taken.
It shall be the duty of the master of every vessel
to make a written report durioff everv voyage of
the names of -every person on board said vessel du
ring said voyage, except soldiers in service, and to
preserve said report till called for by the Provost
Marshal or other officer authorized to receive it.
Bycommacdof Maj General J. G. Foster:
Ass't Adj't Gen.
Headquarter. Department of N. C. ?
New Berne, June 12. 18B2 5
Dr. J. G. Tull, is hereby appointed City Inspec
tor of New Berne, with power to assess and collect
rents and gas rates, and will be obeyed and respect
ed accordingly
By command of Gov. Stnnly:
J.LYMAN VAN BUREN, Military Score' ary.
KVASTK.ns Department.
Newbern, Sept. illi, 162, J
Sprcial ybrce to Companie quarter in tr.
1. The gas must be tui neu off from all burners in
Company quarters, at the proper hoar for the ex
tinguishment of lights, and but one light will be
used in the hall during the nlgLt. and that turned
2. Company officers will see that this order is
carried out . and that all diligence is used in econo
niizintr gas.
3. Officers quartered in town will not ose any
more burners nor continue lights later than ia abso
lute necessary, in their own quarters.
By ommand of Maj Gen. J. G. Foster,
J AS. C. SLAGHT, Capt. and A. Q. M
Important Order
Hkadijuakters. f
Department of North Carolina,
New Berne, April 28, 1862. )
Whoever, aftertbe issue of this order shall, with
in the limits to which the Union Arms may extend
in this Department, utter one word agitin-t the Gov
ernment of these United States, will be at once ar
rested and closely confined. It must be distinctl "
understood that this Ih partment is under Martial
Law, and treason expressed or implied, will meet
with a speedy punishment.
The Military Governor of New Berne is charged
with the strict execution of this order, within the
bounds of his control.
By command of M.ijor General Bumside :
Ass't Adj't Get-eral.
Provost Marshal's Office,
Newbern, Jau. M, 1861. J
Hereafter, no citizen will be allowed to purchase
spirituous liq.-.ore, without u permit lrom the Pro
vost Marshal.
Nothing can be shipped from this. Port except by
order of the Chief Quuitermaster.
Whilst every facility wib be afT irded to persons
engaged in legitimate busi-iess in this city, nnd at
tempts at ex;oriion in prices, or monopoly of such
nrticles as may be necessary to the comfort of the
troops, will deprive the oll'euder of his license to
sell. Any trader refusing to accept in payment
United States Treasury Notes will be reported to
the Provjst Marshal.
All persons having filth or rubbish of any kind
in their yards or lots, will at once deposit the san-e
in a barrel or box in tbe street, so thai it may be re
moved. Owners nnd occupants of Houses and Stores, will
be held strictly responsible for the condition of the
sidewalks in front of their buildings, and must also
take care that no dirt or rubbish is deposited in the
Gutters, which must be kept free, to prevent the
accumulation of water in the streets.
Provost Marshal.
Hnbewa established at the foot of Pollock stre
for the lauding of nil kinds ot produce that
brought intothl Citv for sale ; nnd in order to pi
vint monwolv. no person will be allowed to loie-
stail any of "such produce or provisions. Every
one will be allowed to charge a lair and reasonable
i.-rice. urider the siuici visi,,n of the C'oui.cil of Ad
ministration of this Corps d'Armce. No boats will
heallow. d to laud at nny other place in this City.f
the sale of produce or pi ovisions. Ar.y violation of
iliis order will siihn-ct the boat and contents to con-
I ti-c.n ion fur the benefit I'f the Hospital 1 his out
will go into effocton Monday next, the thirtieth day
of June.
Provost Marshal.
KOCKEUV-a fresh aseurlmc&t at
Paovosr Maasnat-'s Opficb
Kewlsrrn, J ma. i Svl
The duties of the sentuels. in addition to tWe
duties bud dowa in the Army Regulations, will be
to preserve order within the limit of their beats,
to se that no property is injured, so bonnes entered
without proper auihofity, uo citist:n abased or ie
sutted ; that ih soldier passes bis post without
pass from the Colooei of bis regiment ; that no sai
lor passes his post with jut a pass front tbe ratttaia
of bis ship, and ti.at, alter dark, neither Soulier
aor sailor be allowed to pass.
Everv so'dier or sailor found in the streets after
da. k. will be arrested, the Sergeant of tbe guard
called, and the offender handed over to him, to be
conducted to the Guard House. All disorderly per
sons at auy time, will be arrested and handed over
to the 6ergeaut of the Guard.
In case of any disorderly or riotous persons re
fusint; ta obey tlie orders of the sentinel, the senti-,
nd shall use his arms, if the offender cannot be se
cured in any other way To resist or assault a sen
tinel, is one of the gravest of military offences, and
will subject the offender to s.-vere punishment.
Cc:ri.r,irKined Umcen do not require a pass, but
no one will be recognized as an ofheer. without his
uniform. and theshoulderstraps, which indicate his
rank. Gold lace on the sleeve of a naval officer is
an evidence of rank as an officer.
No officer of the Guard or Sentinel has authority
to release from arrest any Prisoner of the Provost
Guard. The nos commissioned Officer or Sentinel
tn charge of Prisoners will be held responsible for
any escapes.
No pass for a soldier or sai'or is good, except it be
countersigned vj ne coiooiaiiuing omcer o.
reiriment or vessel. Anv soldier or sailor without
a pass properly countersigned, will be arrested and
confined in the Guard House.
No person is allowed to sell spirituous liquors to
soldiers, sailors or negroes, upon any pretext what
ever An attempt to evade this order will tie treat
ed with the same severity as an open violation of
upon an order purporting to come irom mm, win lie
Held responsible tor the genuineness ot tne order
All Sutlers are prohibited from selling Liquors by
the glass to any Commissioned, nou-comtn'.ssioned
officer, or private soldier, sailor or citizen. Any
violution of this order will subject the Dartv offend
ing to a Heavy noe as well as lorteiture ot lit privi
lege to keep a Store in tbe city of Newbern.
No parcel can be sent by Express except bv a
special permit from the Provost Marshal.
No person shall water a horse or mule within
fifty feet ol a pump.
No person shall wash at a pump, or clean fish,
or deposit filth of any kind, at or near a pump
Citizens will be allowed to pass and repass in the
city during good behavior until nine o'clock P, M.
After nine o'clock no pass is good except a special
one from the Provost Marshal, or from Ilead Quar
ters. The Provost Marshal, i instructed to allow no
one from w ithont our lines to land in this city, unless
tney come here to trade; and all such persons must
be made sland at somsgiven point, and no where
else. A guard nf several men must be placed there,
and those people be nllowed no communication with
the citizens of Newbern except in the presence ot
one of the guard; and they must not be allowed to
go about the city, if they want to trade at the
stores, a party ot them can go at a time, under
charge of a guard. These orders must be strictly
carried out.
AH persons arriving in this city to trade will imme
diately report theiiiaelves at the office of the Pro
vost Marshal ; and no boats are allowed to land at
any wharf or dock, except those at the foot of Pol
lock street. All strangers found in the city, who
have not reported "as above ordered, will be arrested
and dealt w it h summarily.
.AU Person are forbid bitching Hot
are found in
Uw Tro in toe Chy sett a!l tfiji3'
violation of this order.
All parsons are forbid firing guns, pistols, or can
non, in any ot the ureeis, lanes, alleys, or 101
within this city. No fireworks will be burnt or
fired unless by a special permit of the Provost Mar
Whereas many non commissioned officers ana
privates who are upon detached sei vice, clerks.
teamsters ana uruemes, me in uio iiaw, y.
Inn vine off their Drover uniforms and appearing in
officers uudress, or citizen's apparel, verjr much to
the prejudice ot gooa orcer ana aiscipnue o. me
service, it is uereuy okdhid,
That all such persons at once appear in tneir
proper uniforms, or they will be arretted and pun
ished. All negroes are forbidden to wear the button ol
the Army end all officers are hereby enjoined to
see that their servants comply with this regulation.
Hereafter no fences, or. parts of fences, in this
town, shall be removed without the written order of
Capt. tlaiilel Messinger. iiv. tjr. wostei.
Fast driving (by officers or menl i strictly pro
hibited witl.ii --the limits of the city. Sentries will
arrest all violating this order.
Hereafter dead horses must be taken by the Keg
imeut. Battery, &.C., to which they belong, ut least
ot,e mile from town nnd at ohce bnried the grave
to be not less than six feet deep.
Kegnnents. Batteries, fee. will at once lane tne
necessary steps to bury such dead horses as be
longed totheirrespective commands, and at present
lying unbailed.
Commanding omcers win see to ine iuii anu
prompt carrying out of this order.
By order of Maj. Gkj. 3. G. FOSTER,
Coin. 18th Army Corps.
BroVost Marshal.
IIkaikjpa rte rs, 1
Department of North Carolina,
New Berne. Sept, U4, 18(52. J
No vehicles whatever will be allowed to pass
over the R. It Bridge, without a pass from these
Headquarters, or the Provost Marshal.
By command of Mnj. Oen. J. G. Foster,
Acting Assistant Adjutant General.
C 8. ItllLlfAHlf RAII.HOAU.
On and aftT Dec. 1st trains will leave as follows:
Leave Newbern ..............9 A, M.
' Crontan 9.40
" Haveloek in
" Newport ...10.25
" Newport Barracks...... 10.35
" Carolina City 11
Arrive Moreheid..- 11.15
Leave Morehead ..i..l 00 P. II.
14 Carolina City..-- 1.15
" Newport Barracks 1.411
" Newport
Haveloek 2 15
Croatan 2.'.i5
' Newbern. '...----. '"315
Stop on signnl.
All free passes on this Road will be Void after
September 1st
Monthly Passes will be issued on and nfter that
date, to all persons entitled to permanent transporta
tion, to be obtained only at this Offline, and of the
Assistant Quarter -master ci Morehead No Person
will be allowed to travel on the lioad ithout. a pass
or ticket. This rule will be strictly adhered to.
Capt. oc A ti.il,
Newbern, Dec. 1, 18(8.
78 Courtlnmlt Street, Sew Tork
F r the Rale of Cotton, Naval Stores, and all
southern products. Refers to
1. It. Martii:, president Ocean Bank, N. T
Moses Taylor. Pres-id. nt City Bank, N. Y.
S. C. Nelson, Newbern
Hale-. Hamilton tV Jn.. Newbern. 3m27
SUUES for every
liody at
Hov 17
opposite the Turpentine Distillery,
Front street, where consumers of V Hod, will find
good supply constantly on hand, at as cheap rates
as t he Market uttoro.
P. S. Please call before purchasing elsewhere.
Newbern, Jan. 5, lStiJ, lm2
I TTisk I VTmm at l-rialer.
I wish I was a printer.
I really do indeed.
It aeema to me that printers
Get 'rrytbinjr they need.
(Except money !)
They get the largest and the beat
Of everything that grows;
And get free into circuses.
And other kind of show.
(By giring- an equivalent !)
Tb big-pest bug will speak to them.
No matter how they dress ;
A shabby coat ia nothing
If they own a printing press.
(Policy ')
At ladies' fairs they're almost fcufged
By pretty girls who know
That they will crack op everything
The ladies have to show.
And thus thsy get a " blow oat " free .'
At every party feed
The reason is because they write,
And other people read.
("That's so! "J
The Rebel Women of Xaaliville.
The Nashville correspondent of the New
tYork Tribune gives the following descrip
tion of the present nppearance of Nashville,
iind the manner in which the rebel women
ponduct themselves. He snys :
i I here is scarcely a dwelling in the su
burbs unscarthed. Their beautiful1 gardens
kre deflowered ; the boughs of stately maj-
Qohas broken, their smooth bark rudely
rasped Irom their graceful trunks ; fences
Swept into ashes, beautiful parks converted
into unseemly commons and sprinkled with
the debris of camps and transportation
trains. Evidence of culture and refine
ment remain but in ruins. You say of
such a dwelling : " The proprietor was
wealthy and liberal." I so conclude from
view of the dreary exterior of the structure
aid the dim tracings ot the premises. A
monastery is not more cheerless than the
deserted mansions of fugitive rebels.
A few are not deserted, but they are
more gloomy than the grand edifice whose
shattered shutters and broken windows stare
coldly at you. The fronts are securely
closed. Scarce a ray of light, save the
flickering beams that steal through the lat
ticed shatters penetrate to the shaded cham
ber of the somber occupants. The tenants
of (tho6e cloister-like habitations were once
gay and iry women, who shed lustre on
brilliant society, but who sit there now in
gioiBly solitude through the weary months,
t - . i .: i .. . i
S'iri-irttquericb'abte tears over trie
aniiaeiy fall of those held most near.
theyiBaile fTieirrtjed. so must they Ke."
The Nashville police early adopted a
principle of rigor to tlie rich, leniency to
the poor. The women, understanding their
influence over men, at nrst appearea in gay
phalanx to solicit passes for their male
friends but that artifice failed. Excepting
under extraordinary circumstances, each in
dividual desiring to go through our lines
was reauired to atiDeared personally. The
cream of ton were too wise to. apply Their
followers were successful only in upon giv
ing such guarantees as were believed to be
thorouahly binding upon them. But very
few permits were granted to this olass un
der any circumstances. Fifteen or twenty
were removed southward at tiictr own re
quest, under flags of truce, promising to re
turn no more. Poor market men and vo
men, humble fuel dealers, and hucksters,
were nnd are indulged under restnc-
tions which bind them thoroughly. Fear:
of consequences affects them more power
fully than it does the fashionable castes.
Notwithstanding the rigor of the police
system, we are yet liable to deception.
Some women, for mere love of adventure,
or else from ineradicable depraviy, have at
tempted to smuggle both merchandise and
letters. No severe examples have been
made of any yet, but these people are In
curring serious hazards.
Saturday, a woman standing high in so
ciety, pledged herself by most solemn oaths
to refuse to carry letters, Of to smuggle con
traband goods. Before she got through
our lines she was arrested and searched.
A woman in police sertice handled her
tenderly but firmly. After the lady smug
gler was stripped to the buff, a parcel of
letters were found concealed Under the cne-
misc. Sba resisted furiously at first, and
was shockingly abusive) but it was unavail
ing. Not long since another, who pledged her
self with equal solemnity, received a pass
to go to Giillattn. She was suspected, lol-
lowed, and was arrested at Gallatin. Her
trunk contained a large quantity ot qtnnine,
morphia, and other contraband articles or
rebel consumption valued at $500.
A New t'ssal Project.
Tbe Dntch have set on foot a gigantic work of
canal improvement. It is proposed to construct
a ship canal from Amsterdam through North Hol
land towards the sea ; to be thirteen miles long,
two hundred feet wide, and twenty-four feet deep
This canal will shorten the d stance from Amster
dam to London, and all ports south of the Texel,
by aboat eighty miles, so that vessels will now
be enabled to reach the sea id a few hours.
whereas the Dresent lourncy over the bimlueer
and the North Holland canal now occopies sev
eral days, and sometirm h weeks.
In order to form a safe sea entrance to me canal
it will be necessary to construct enormous sluices
and an artificial harbor on the unprotected coast
of Holland, tbe piers of which will extend more
than a mile into the sea. This will be the chief
engineering difficulty to be overcome. With the
undertaking is connected the reclamation of the
Y. containing fifteen thousand acres of rich allu
vial clay, and when reclaimed is estimated io be
worth one million sterling.
Tbe total capital required 5s es'imated at a mil
lion and a half sterling, upon which the Dutch
government guaranty an interest of four and a
half per cent Tho concessionaires are Mr. J G.
Jager, of Amsterdam, and the English engineers,
Messrs B. W Croker and Charles Burn. These
gentlemen have been ten years maturing this
project, the concession having been originally
asked in )&3.
The Fall mt BIcsjsbsj1 sua. Cfcarleslwa.
Tbe Richmond Dispatch of Saturday last
has an article on VThe City of Charleston,"
which says :
"With all the'r blathering about Richmond,
re believe that tho capture of Charleston
would afford even more exquisite delight to the
Northern heart than the downfall of Richmond.
It is true that the latter is the Confederate capi
tal ; but its capture, except in name, would
prove s barren victory. If they could take
Richmond, that event would be probably fore
seen by this government in time to remove
from the cvpital everything of value. Virgi
nia and the South abound with natural facili
ties for manufacturing purposes, and the work
shops already in existence in the interior would
be increased and multiplied to an indefinite ex
tent. The government archives could be trans
ferred to anotber locality without any difficulty.
and, in the language of President Davis, the
war could be carried on in V irginia lor twenty
3-ears. After the nrst inconveniences of the
loss nf Richmond, our national defence would
proceed with fresh energy, and nre shoud still
possess the only means of transporting sup
plies we have ever bad the railroads for our
rivers have been, and still are of use only to
tbe enemy. Moreover, the frequent discomfi
tures which the Yankees have met in their 'On
to Richmond,' and the increasing probabilities
ef accomplishing that object- are begtnnirjx to
make the grapes somewhat sour in the estima
tion of' those amiable foxes.
"But tne Charleston grapes still hang in
tempting clusters, and the grudge they owe
South Carolina is older and more venomous
than that toward Virginia. Their journalists
never refer to Charleston without styling it that
'adders nest of treason, a breathing forth
burning desire to measure conclusions between
their fleet and the bite of the 'adders.' South
Carolina committed the unpardonable crime of
lighting 'he names of this 'unholy rebellion,
and of first causing the United States flag to
trail in the dust. Moreover, she is an old of
fender, having for thirty years been chafing in
her chains, and loathing with intense and un
concealed disgust her compulsory companion
ship with Yankee Doodledom. Besides all this.
her proud and pure character is a standing at
front to inferior natures which can never be
forgiven. How they would delight to humble
her in the dust, to tread her in the mud, to
ump, and halloo, and whoop over her prostrate
"The condition of New Orleans would be an
elysium, compared to that of Charleston, if it
should fall into Yankee hands, there is no
indigni.y its people would not be made to suf
fer, no atrocity its enemies are not capable of
perpetrating. It would be better that not one
brick should be left standing upon another in
Charleston ; better that the whale, population
shoilld be driven out houseless and homeless
ll 11 nimi im Tr I I "
ho miirht be sent there as the most
nt asrent to make Charleston drink to the
Anft the bitter cup which the Yankees have
prepared for her lips, iiut we cave no tears
of any surrender.
" If Charleston should be destroyed, it will
be only the loss of a few seres of Carolina soiL
leaving intact the strength and Independence
of the State. We are satisfied, however, that
Charleston will drive back the invaders in ig
nominious confuion, and come out of the con
flict with all her banners flying. There is in
command of that coveted city an old acquaint
ance of tbe Yankees; he who made tort
Sumter bend its proud head, and who first
sent the Yankees to tbe right about at Manas
sas with a velocity unparalleled in the annals
ot war. He is a man whose heart burns with
an intensity of patriotism more than equal to
the ardor wf their lanaiical passions, and whose
military genius is equal to any -emergency of
the war. With Beauregard at the head of
Carolina's chivalry, there will be such an en
tertainment ready for the Yankees at Charles
ton which will satisfy their appetites for inva
sion for generations to come.'
A Trip ta Rlchasaad nnd Bark.
Ore ef tbe parties caCtdfed by the raid of
Stuart s cavalry Into Dumfries, ten er twelve
days since, arrived in this city last evening,
havine cscaned from Libbv prison, and suc
ceeded in getting North by passing himself off
in company wnn a pariy 01 paroieu prir,oiicis.
At the time of the raid, some ten or fifteen
sutlef's wagons, loaded with goods, were cap
tured three miles beyond the towri. The rebels
selected what they Chose, and burned the bal
ance with the wagons, taklhg the men and
horses with them. They then went into Duifl
Iries, where they were met and rep'.lscd by
our forces, when they retreated about ten
miles, avowing their determination to enter
Dumfries again that night. One company was
detached to Convey the prisoners they had with
them, numbering about ninety-three sutlers
and soldiers, to Richmond. This party went
in the direction of Catlett'-s Station, and crossed
the river at Rappahannock Statidn, where the
rebels have erected it now and substantial rail
road bridge, over which they expected to run
the cars in a few days, halting for tbe night at
Culpepper. The next day they were taken to
Gen. Hampton's headquarters, on the Rapidan
river, about ten miles from Culpepper, the offi
cer hi command supposing the prisoners would
there be paroled, which Hampton refused to
do. From there they were sent to Richmond
the next day, and confined in different prisons.
A negro driver belonging to one of tne Cap
tured sutlers attempted to run, but was in
stantly killed. Another of the party, Marcus
McNiel, sutler at Doubleday's headquarters,
made a narrow escape. He had two valuable
teams, and with one of them had got on some
cistance ahead ot the rest of the party. They
not coining up, he drove his team into tbe
woods and started back to learn the reason,
but was soon halted hy a dozen carbines
pointed at his head. He comprehended the
position and surrendered, without revealing
the whereabouts of his team. This was sub
sequently found by some returning sutlers,
and brought safely to Washington.
Our informant slates that he saw no fortifi
cations whatever on the way from the Rappa
hannock to Richmond, with the exception nf
two or three sand lorts close to the town ; but
that from the city toward Petersburg was one
continual line of defenses, and that near the
T itter place some 2000 negroes were strength-
ening old or building new works. They were
also erecting fortifications between Petersburg
and City Point
On New Year's day Richmond was joyous
ever the news of supposed victory in Tennes
see, but on Monday the tune changed, and thev
wore long laces, and acknowledged they h id
been badly whipped. tt'ushiiyton Chronicle.
( S Ml mt "a.
1 Jfr. Lawton. rf Sovuiih. Gcnra. vicsfl
i aa A-KLfaat -"fm-.as. tsrCMrxi aa i--m sis X
caaae W:t.a mr luw at r'aioaulh. a day or
two smer. nrxiy-T a B - af rrvee. iwqacsta:?
(KTivisssofi l wtmil her kuLaai. vlr was
woa'xjed m tbe battle of frcdcticksbcr and
taVe p-isoocr.
Vice President Ham Tin. and sy trial members
of Conrvsji, being at F-Iiao ith al the liiae.
Gen. Sumnct introduce J ihrtrj tollr. Iiwtoo,
and as her husband vex in one of the Alexan
dria hospitals, under rne-1 cal treatment, Yic
President Hamlin tendered her a berth 00 hid
own special tran-por'.
Oa tbe route to Alexandria, Mrs. Lawton
wa the recipient of many kind attentions
from air. Il.tmUn. several members of tho
Maine delegation in Congress, asd other dis
tinguished gentlemen, for which sh; exp: essvd
hers-: If a deeply grateful, ller d.-ortment
was that of a highly cultivated and dignilie-J
lady, who keenly appreciated the horrers of
the present war.
ahe spoke frankly, and in lady-dike lan
guage, ol the immense sutTcring in the rebel
army consequent upon their being nearly com
pletely cut off from all commerce with the
outer world ; and does not hesitate to express -her
regrets that the war was ever inaugurated. -Although
firm in her devotion to the South,
itbe is a rare exception among Southern Udie. 1
As a cbR, they exhibit the most unrelenting
and inhuman ferocity towards the friends of
the Union ; but Mrs. Law ion spoke only in
When tbe transport approached tbe Alexan
dria wharf, Mrs. Lawton separated from the
Vice President with the wannest expressions
of thanks for his unexpected courtesy. Messrs.
Cravens and Shanks of Indiana, escorted Mrs. ,
L. into the citv of Alexandria, and assisted ;
her in finding her husband.
A Sfw Way sf CTarryiasr.
In Xew Hampshire they used to choose all
their State, county and town officers, from
Governor down to hog reeves, at one town
meeting, the annual March meeting. As the
officers were very numerous, it was customary
as fast as they were chosen to walk them up
before a justice of the peace and have tbem
sworn into office " by companies, half com
panies, pair and single." " Square Chase," of 1
Cornish, (father of Gov. Chase of Ohio) being
the most prominent justice, had this task to
perform, and a severe task it was, occupying
mucn 01 bis time lrom morning till night.
It was on one of these occasions, after the
labors and toils of the day were over, he re
turned to his homo weary and overcome with
the fatigues of his employment, and throwing;
himself in his easy chair, be fell into a sound
sleep. In the meantime a couple who . had
been waiting impatiently for some time for the
justice to join them in wedlock, presented
themselves in anotber part of the house, and -made
known their interesting desire to Mrs. '
Chase, who, somewhat confused and agitated. '
attended them to the sleeping justice, whom
sho found it difficult to arouse. Shaking him
by the shoulder, she called out, " Mr. Chase, '
do pray wake up ; here is a couple come to bo .
married." The justice having administered
oa'hs all day, was dreaming of nothing else.
half waked, rubbing bis eyes and locking at
the wistful pair, asked:
"Are you the couple r' ' '" '
They nodded assent. -' ' - " "
" WelL hold up your hands." They did so '
irith irin nun 'j mi 1 inn 1 111 iiiinij ni'iTiTrnr-
ine auues ot your o.uces, resp cutiiy, ecora..fji'.
ing to your best skill and judgment. . So neJp - '- k-
you, c"
tasaaaraiaattaa f a Michtxaa Calaael. ;
The Rebels Bebailslia lie Bridge at .
Bspsiknsstk SJtnlieau Large bady mt
Rebels aa tha Oecaqaaa.
New York, Jan. J- - j
A special dispatch to the Herald, states that
information was bronght to Col. Wyndham yrs
terday, that tbe rebels were rebuilding the bridge
across the Eappaliannock station. ,
Hn immediately ordered Col. Richmond, of tha t
1st Michiga-i Cavalry, to take a picket detail
from his regiment and make a rocor.noisiance to
acertain tbe fact. Col Richmond refused to ,
obey the order upon the ground of informality
and (he want of rations
He waa then directed to report in person, which
ho did. and conducted himself so insolently as to
elicit from Col. Windham the epithet of "cow. -ard."
The facts were reported to Gin Stough
ton, by whom Col. Richmond Was placed under
arrest. Col. Richmond will be summarily dis
missed from the service
It has since been acertained that the rebels re
built the bridge at th-j Rappahannock Station,
and that a train has passed over it and proceeded
down the road as far as Catlett'a Station. If Col.
Richmond bad obeyed the order given him, he
would have been able to prevent the re construc
tion of the bri-Jga
It is stated that a large body of rebels have .
made their appearance npon the Occoqnari at '
Snyder's Ford, where Stuart crossed, and witbiu
twelve miles of Alexandria. It is evident that
Lee Contemplates a movemeut Northward.
A Brave Tl a n Adrtalnrrs.
The New Orleans De'.U says of tha man
Charles McGill, assistant engineer of the steamer
Empire Parish, who Was killed by tbs Louisiana
rebels in the recent attack upon that steamer :
" The history of this brave man during tlio
past few mouths has been one of strange adven
tures and escapes. He was on one of the rebel
gunboats in the battle above the forts on the 24th
of April last, where he was disabled by a Ball
that bad been loosened by a shot. He was lyi&ff
down in an insensible slate, when some one
struck bis foot against his head. This revived
him, and ho discovered that the vessel had been
abandoned and was nn fire. Making a great
effort he threw himself into tbe river and swam
ashore, where he took refage in the swamp.
Danger followed him even here, for, as one of tha
vessels blew np, a piece of iron, weighing some
two hundred or thrue hundred pounds, struck
willun two (ft I .tree feet ol bim. having been
hurled that distance by the force of the explosion.
He was soon found and cared for, brought to this
city and sent to report to the rebel naval officer
at Jackson, Mississippi From there he was or
dered to Memphis, and was in tbe gunboat fight
before that cry, where Ins boat was again blown
up. From Memphis he came to this city, and has
been engaged on the steamers running to nnd
from the coast He was 011 the Empire Parish
when she was before attacked by guorillas. soma
three or four months ago. He afterwards engag
ed on the ill -fated st-amer Star, but left her on
tbe trip just before she was captured and burnt
by tbe guerillas. He was well liked by bis asso
ciates on the river, and was a man who. would
not shrink from personal danger wheu his- duty
required him to brave it."
A long time ago, in our native county, Eliho
was directed by his teacher to ' over
look " a class reading a portion of scripture,
in a common school. 'J-hv bys were reeling
from Job, and a " s'ir.v c.-.Tch" had to b-
prompted, which KJ.iliu ifid as follows :. " Oixt
smote Job with sofe boils.
The boy draggvis
out deliberately,- (VW
four ballt! " Eliliu
was s'ruck dumb an'I
conhl onfy whisper in the boys car-
' ! t was
The box-
si ffevfl of a cliarire. waru't it ? "
rfiistaking it for the lesson, blurted out "It
tea atleril of a charge wan t it J"
Of course, Eliliu tried to check the boy, but
unsuccessfully, and the boy's defence to the
j teacher was
" g't 1'ickcd,'
lhat "he loM him so." I'lilui

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