EVENTS OF 1862.
C'br...Jj(irnl Tub I
I. Mason and Slidull leave Fort Warren for
England in the British steamer ltinaldo. Gen.
Stevens' brigade of 4,500 men advances to the
mainland from Port Koyal island to within six
miles of the Charleston railroad, capturing the
Coosa n- batteries. Union loss, tight wounded.
4. General Milroy's command attack 750
rebels at Huntersville, Va., routing them and
taking $80,000 worth of stores.
6. Four thousand loyal Indians are attacked
in Cherokee County, Kansas, by a force ol
Texans and r. be I Indians, and defeated.
7. A detachment Ircni General Milroy's
com u and, 300 strong, disperse 400 rebels in
Tucker county, Va., capturing a large quantity
8. A detachment of General Kelly's troops
leave Rotnney, attack 2,000 rebels at Blue
Gay, Va., and rout theni. 450 Union troops,
under General Palmer, attack 1,200 rebels.
under Poindester, at Silver Creek, Mo., and
. Burnside's expedition sails from Annapo
lis. 10. The rebels, under Jackson, occupy Rom
rey. General Grant's expedition of twenty
three regiments and seven batteries depart
southwardly from Cairo. Humphrey Mar
shall's rabble pursui d by Colonel Garfield, and
defeated near Prestonburg, Kentucky. Waldo
II. Johnson and Trusten Polk, expelled from
the United States Senate, for tteason.
11. Naval engagement on the Mississippi
between the Union steamers Essex and St.
Louis, and four rebel steamers, in which the
latter are completely disabled, and seek pro
tection under their batteries at Columbus.
The Burnside expedition, comprising 125 ves
sels and 15,000 men, sails from Hampton roads
for North Carolina. Hon. Simon Cameron re
signed his position as Secretary ot War, and
was appointed Minister to Russia in place of
Cassius M. Clay, resigned. Hon. Edwin M.
Stanton appointed Secretary of War.
16. Cedar Keys, Florida, captured by our
forces. Eight hundred Union troops defeated
at Ironton, Missouri, by six thousand rebels
under Jeff. Thompson.
17. Burnside's expedition reaches Hatteras
Inlet, encountering :i severe storm, in which
eleven vessels are lost: Zouave, Pocahontas,
Grapeshot, Louisiana, Eastern Queen and City
of New York. Ex President Tyler dies at
18. Battle of Mill Spring, near Somerset,
Ky., between 3000 Union troops, under Gcn
erals Schcepf and Thomas, and 8000 rebels
20. Edwin M. Stanton enters on his duty as
Secretary of War. Generals Schcepf and
Thomas attack the rebels at Somerset, Ky.,
drive them from their intrenchmcnts and cap
ture all their stares.
27. Gustarus W. Smith assumed command
of the rebel army at Centreville. Beauregard
proceeds to Columbus to report to Gen. A.
Sidney Johnson. Rev. Bishop Ames and Hon.
Hamilton Fish appointed commissioners by
Secretary Stanton to visit and relieve United
States citizens imprisoned in rebel States.
28. Gen. Burnside's fleet depart from Hat
teras Inlet for Roanoke Island. Jesse D.
Bright expelled from the United States Senate,
charged with complicity with the rbel Gov
ernment 29. The rebel Gen. Van Dorn assumes com
mand of the Trans-Mississippi Department.
81. AH the saltpetre in the seceded States
seized by the rebel Governmen :, and lorty
cents a pound allowed for it.
3. Captured privateers taken from the jails
to military prisons, Government having decia
. UHIHSHl Grant: with eitrht thousand
troops, lands within four miles of Fort Henrv.
The gunboats Essex and St. Louis open fire on
the rebel works. Riot occurs in Richmond ;
stores residences, &c, broken open, ani four
6. Commodore Foote's flotilla captured Fort
Henrj unconditionally after a bombardment of
an hour and a quarter. Bill authorizing issue
of treasury notes to the amount of $150,000,
000 without interest, and making them a legal
tender, passed the House of Representatives.
8. General Burnside captures Roanoke Is
land, taking C forts, 3,000 prisoners. 2,000
stand of arm, and destroying all the rebel
fleet but two vessels.
9. Elizabeth City and Edenton taken by
General Burnside. Brigadier General Chas.
P. Stone arrested, and sent to Fort Lafayette.
John C. Fitzpatrick, Financial clerk to Secre
tary Senate, died in this city.
10. General Hunter declares Kansas under
martial law. Our gunboats make a reconnois
sance to Florence, Alabama; three rebel gun
boats captured, and six burnt.
12. Price evacuates Springfield Missouri.
13. Fort Dontlson invested by Gen. Grant,
and the bombardment commenced. Spring
field, Missouri, occupied by General Curtis,
who captures stores, camp eruipage, &c. Gen.
Lander surprises a rebel camp at Bloomery
14. Secretary Stanton issues an order re
leasing, on parole, all State prisoners, except
those detained as rebel spies.
15. General Curtis pursues Price beyond
Springfield, routs his rear guard.
it5. Fort Donelson surrenders uncondition
al! v to General Grant; 15,000 rebel prisoners
taken, including General Buckner.
IT. The rebel Congress adjourns tine die.
The Secretary of State suspended the passport
1(8. General Curtis drives Sterling Price
from Missouri, across the Arkansas line. Meet
ing of the rebel Congress. Jefferson Davis
elected President and Alex. H. Stephens Vice
President of the rebel government.
21. Commodore Foote occupies Clarksville,
Tenn., the rebels reireating to Nashville. Des
perate batlle at Fort Craig, New Mexico, be
tween Union forces, under Colonel Canby,
and, the Texans ; Union loss 200. Nathaniel
Gordon, captain of a slave ship hung in New
22. Jefferson Davis and Alex. H. Stephens
inaugurated president and vice president of
the rebel cnnlederacy.
24. Nashville occupied by General Buell.
25. Price driven from Cross IIollow, Ark.,
leaving his sick, wounded, and stores behind.
The President takes military control of the j
telegraph lines. Bill in regard to the issue of
the Treasury notes and six per cent, bonds
signed by the President.
2fi. General Banks occupies Harper's Ferry
28. Death of President Felton, of Harvard i
L Richmond placed under martial law.
2. General Lander dies at Paw Paw, Va. 1
General Curtis attacks Jeff. Thompson's "se
cret expedition " at Sykestown, and drives it I
liito the swamps, capturing six pieces of artil
lery ami forty prisoners. Columbus burnt
an I evacuated by the rebels.
3. Buckner and Tilghinan placed in Fort
Warren. Columbus, Ky., occupied by Federal
. Capture of. Eort Clinch, Fla. Fernandina 1
arid Amelia islands, and St. Marys. F!a., oceu- ;
pied by Federal troops. Brigadier General
Andiew Johnson, appointed military Governor
ol Xennessee. '
5. Beauregard takes command of the arinT
tf the Mississippi,
fi. Rebels under Van Dorn attack General
Curtis at Pea Ridge, and are defeated alter a
three days' fight. The President transmits to
Congress a special message, recommending
gradual emancipation, with compensation to
8. The rebel steamers Merrimac, James
town, and Yorktown attack our fleet in Hamp
ton roads, destroying the frigate Congress and
sinking the sloop-of-war Cumberland.
9. The Monitor attacks and drives ofl" the
rebel iron clad fleet.
10. Lee appointed rebel commander-in-chief.
11. Manassas occupied by the Union Army.
Commodore Dupont captures St. Augustine,
Florida, and Fort Maricn.
12. The rebels driven from their works near
Paris, Tenn. Eail Russell, in a letter to Lord
Lyons, acknowledges the blockade effective.
Commodore Dupont takes Jacksonville, Fla.
13. The President approves the new article
of war prohibiting persons in the military and
naval service from returning fugitive slaves.
It. Gen. Burnside captures Newborn, and
from thirty to fifty cannon. Commodore Du
pont occupies Brunswick, Ga.
15. Commodore Foote's flotilln leaves Cairo
to attack Island No. 10. Newborn occupied
by Commodore Rowan, and the batteries on
the Neuse captured.
18. 250 Union troops attack and defeat 1000
rebels near Salem, Ark. Gov. Johnson offers
a complete amnesty to all Tennesseans who
reaffirm their allegiance. Jefferson Davis, in
a message to the rebel Congress, recommends
the violation of the parole. The rebel House
of Congress passes a bill declaring free trade
to the world. Gen. Garfield routs 5000 rebels
at Pond Gap, in the Cumberland mountains.
21. Burnside captures Beaufort.
22. 8000 troops under Gen. Shields defeat
the combined forces of Jackson, Smith and
Longstreet, 15,000 strong, at Winchester, driv
ing them to Strasburg.
25. Santa Fe, New Mexico, captured by
rebel Texans. Washington, N. C, occupied
by Commander Rowan's forces.
2(5. Pulaski invested by Gen. Sherman.
28. Battle of Pigeon Ranche, New Mexico,
between thirteen hundred Union troops, under
Col. Hough, and eleven hundred Texans.
31. Gen. Butler takes command of the De
partment of the South.
2. Gen. Banks drives the rebel Jackson from
3. The Senate passes the bill abolishing
slavery in the District of Columbia. Com.
Stellwagon captures Apalachicola, Fla.
4. The departments of the Shenandoah (Gen.
Banks) and Rappahannock (Gen. McDolrell)
5. Commencement of an attack on the ene
my's works, near Yorktown, Va., by a detach
ment from the army of the Potomac.
6. The rebels under Beauregard and John
son attacked Buell and Grant, at Pittsburg
7. The rebels evacuate Island No. 10. The
battle of Pittsburg Lauding renewed. The
8. Gen. Pope captures Island No. 10.
9. Conscription bill passes the rebel Con
gress. 11. The bill abolishing slaves in the Dis
trict passes the House. The Merrimac makes
her second appearance and captures three small
vessels in Hampton Roads. General Mitchell
takes Huntsville, Alabama. Fort Pulaski, Sa
vannah, unconditionally surrenders to General
12. The rebels, 1000 strong, attack Milroy,
at Monterey, and are repulsed.
13. General Hunter confiscates and frees
the slaves at Fort Pulaski and Cockspur Is
14. Com, Foote begins the attack on Fort
ao. The President sicrns the bill abolishing
slavery in the District of Columbia. Battle
or Lees Mills, near Yorktown. The jiaah
18. The rebels attack General Smith's divi
sion before Yorktown, and are repulsed. The
special Senate committee report on the aban
ment of the Government navy yards, and cerw
sure the Buchanan Aministration.
19. General Reno, with 2.000 troops, attack
an equal number of the enemy at Elizabeth
City, and routs them. Our mortars attack the
New Orleans forts.
21. Adjournment of the rebel congress.
22. The House Military Committee report in
favor of iron clad forts and vessels for national
25. Surrender of Fort Macon, Georgia, to
Gen. Sherman The New Orleans forts si
lenced, the city taken, and eleven rebel gun
boats destroyed. The rebels destroy from
eight to ten million dollars worth of shipping,
cotton, &c. Death of Gen. C. F. Smith.
29. Gen. Mitchell defeats Kirby Smith at
1. Gen. Butler issues a proclamation and as
sumes command of New Orleans.
2. Gon. Cameron vindicates his conduct as
Secretary of War.
3. Rebels evacuate Yorktown, Gloucester,
and Mulberry and Jamestown Islands, leaving
MnmiuuRon, camp equipage, and Over one
hundred gtrns behind.
4. Battle of Williamsburg. Union loss 300
killed and 700 wounded.
5. Gen. McClellan takes Williamsburg, and
1,300 prisoners. Municipal anthoritiesof New
Orleans arrested by (ion. f'utier.
7. Battle of West Point.
8. General Schenck joins Milroy at McDow
ell, Va., ami engages the enemy, without gain
ing any decided advantage.
9. General Hunter proclaims freedom to the
slaves in his department. Rebels evacuate
Pensacola and burn Ihe Navy Yard.
10. General Holler takes possession oi the
offices belonging to the Freneh, Spanish, and
Dutch consuls, and confiscates $800,000 ol
confederate funds in their bands.
11. General Wool occupies Norfoi'k and
Portsmouth, The Merrimac blown up by the
rebels. Hollins's fleet attacks Commodore
Davis's fleet, above Fort Pillow, and is re
pulsed ; two of his vessels being blown up.
12. President Lincoln proclaims Beaufort,
Port Royal, and New Orleans to be ports of
entry alter the 1st of June. Surrender of
Natchez to Com. Farragut.
10. Observed as a day of fasting and humi
liation throughout the South. Union iron-clads
repulsed at Fort Darling.
17. Rebels driven across the Chickahominy
at Bottom's Bridge.
18. Suffolk, Va., occupied by Union troops
under (ien. Wool.
19; President Lincoln repudiates General
20. Hon. E. Stanley commissioned as Mili
tary Governor of North Carolina.
22. Army of the Potomac crossed the Chic
kahominy. 25. Banks attacked at Winchester by 15,000 i
rebels, under Jackson, and retreats to Williams- j
port, Md. President Lincoln takes military
possession of all the railroads in the United
20. Confiscation Bill passed the House of
27. Battle of Hanover Court House. Fede
30. Rebels under Beauregard evacuate Cor
inth ; occupation of that town by the Union
31. Attack by 40.000 rebels, under General
Joe Johnson, noon the left winy of tru trmv
of the Potomac, at Fair Oaks r.ommar..l.-l k
1 Geo. Casey ; Union forces driven back.
1. Battle of Fair Oaks renewed, resulting in
a repulse ef the rebels. Gen. Fremont takes
possession of Stra.-burg, Va., whence Jackson
had retired, refusing to fight.
2. Maj. Gen. Wool t ansferred from Fortress
Monroe to the Department of Maryland. Maj.
Gen. John A. Dix ordered to the command of
6. Engagement between the cavalry of Gen.
Bayard, and several regiments of infantry, and
a force of rebels, in which the rebel Gen. Ash
by was killed. Engagement near Memphis be
tween the Union rams and gunboats, under
Davis and Eliot, and those ef the rebels, under
Capt. Montgomery. Decisive victory of the
Federals, and surrender to them of Memphis.
7. William B. Mumford hung in New Or
leans, by order of Maj. Gen. Butler.
8. Battle of Cross Keys, in which Gen. Fre
mont defeated Gen. Jackson, after a fight of
9. Battle of Port Republic. The Union
forces under Gen. Shields were overpowered
by the superior number of the rebels under
Jackson, and retreated.
16. Battle on James Island, near Charleston ;
Union troops defeated with 82 killed, 472
wounded, 128 missing.
17. Engagement at St. Charles, Ark., be
tween Union gunboats and rebel batteries.
18. Rebel works at Cumberland Gap occu
pied by Gen. Morgan.
26. Rams Monarch and Lancaster, under
Lieut. Col. Alfred M. Ellet, driven from near
Vicksburg by boats set on fire by the enemy.
Forces of Major Generals Fremont, Banks and
McDowell consolidated into the " Army of Vir
ginia," under Gen. Pope. The rebel Gen.
Jackson attacked Gen. McCall's division in the
rear ef the right wing of McClellan's army.
27. General Fremont relieved of command
of the first army corps of the army of Vir
ginia. Battle oi Gaines' Mills, near Mecha
28. Incessant fighting during the day be
tween the right wing of the Union army on
the Chickahominy and the left wing of the
rebels. The enemy repulsed at every advance.
Unionists were ordered, towards evening, to
fall back, which they did in good order.
29. Rebel Gens. Hill and Longstreet attack
the Union forces at Peach Orchard, near Dar
leytown, Va.; Unionists finally repulsed the
enemy with great slaughter, and proceeded
towards their new base of operations. At
five in the afternoon the enemy again attacked
them, near Savage Station. The fight contin
ued until nine at night. The Union wound
ed fell in possession of the enemy. A loss of
about 700 in killed and wounded was sustain
ed upon the Union side.
30. A fight took place at White Oak creek,
with heavy loss on both sides. About three
in the afternoon a large force of the rebel army
appeared at Charles City Cross Roads, about
four miles nearer the James river than where
the previous fight had taken place. Tbey
were received by the two corps of Keyes and
Porter, whose numbers were insufficient, and
who finally wavered. After an hour's action
the Union gunboats appeared and opened fire
upon the enemy, who were also subsequently
charsred by General Heintzleman's corps, and
routed, leaving 2,000 prisoners in the hands of
1. Battle of Malvan Hill. The rebels were
repulsed at every point.
Two rebc-1 divisions, under Generals Jackson
and linger, finally attacked the left wing of tbe
Union army, at Turkey l'end on the James
river, seventeen miles below Richmond, and
were repulsed. President Lincoln issue another
call for three hundred thousand additional vol
unteers. 2. At eight in the morning the enemy opened
fire on General McClellan's army while on the
James river, which enffendered a severe fight of
three hours, and a repulse of the rehelj j
II. Major General Henry W. Halleck appoint
ed commander of niLlU1 a-ow the UmUd
JS.-FieTit between the Union and rebel forces
at Mnrfreesboro', Tenn., in which tbe former star
rendered. 15 Rebel ram Arkansas ran past the Upper
Mississippi Union flotilla.
17. Congress passed a law anthorizinir tbe is
sue ef postage stamps and other stamps of the
United States as currency. Army of General
Pope destroyed railway property near Gordons-
18. Engagement of four hundred Union troops
anu six Hundred guerillas near Memphis, for
92. President Lincoln issues a proclamation
enforcing the confiscation set. Order from the
War Department to the Union penerals, ordering
seizure of rebel property essential to their pur
poses, and ordering the employment of neeroes
entering our lines. Unsuccessful attempt of
Commodore Davis and Farragut to capture tbe
rebel ram Arkansas at Vicksburg.
Death of r.x-l'resideu: Van Uuren at Ktn-
derhook. N. Y.
27. President Lincoln, in a proclamation
warned all persons from participating in the re.
bellion under pain of forfeitures and seizures of
property, giving all rebels sixty days to return
to their allegiance.
31 Order of Jeff Davis, in retaliation against
that of Pope appropriating rebel property.
4. Disrrnction of the rebel ram Aik.maas by
her crew while attacked by the gunboat Essex
Order of President Lincoln for three hundred
thousand militia, to serve for nine months.
5 Murder of General Robert McCook by rebel
guerrillas, near Salem, Alabama, and revenge of
I he Ninth Ohio regiment. A reconnoitring force
under General Hooker, from Harrison's Landing,
captures Malvern Hill. Unsuccessful attack upon
Baton Rouge by Breckinridge.
8. Order of War Department to prevent citizens
liable to be drafted from going to a foreign conn
try. Order from War Depaitment ordering ar
rest of persons discouraging enlistments.
10. Batlle of Cedar Mountain.
15. Evacuation of Harrison's Landine complet
ed by the Union army under General McClellan.
20. News received of the rising of the Sioux
Indians in Minnesota and massacre of whites.
28. Fight neir Centerville, Va., between Gen
erals McDowell and Sigel and the rebels under
Jackson: enemy routed. In the afternoon-another
fight oreurred six miles west of Centerville be
tween McDowell, Sigel, and Jacksou ; enemy
29. City Point, Va , demolished by Union gun
boats. First day of the battle of Bull Run. Gen
eral Pope in command of the Unionists ; enemy
30. Battlo of Bull Run renewed. Pope, out
numbered, falls Back on Centerville with heavy
loss. Battle near Richmond. Ky., between &.500
Unionists under Nelson, and 15.000 rebels under
Kirby Smith. Unionists overpowered, losing 200
killed, 700 wounded, and 2.000 prisoners.
1. Battle near Chan til !y, Va . in which Gener
als Kearney and Stevens weie killed.
5, Invasion of Maryland by the rebel army,
near Point of Rocks.
G General Pope relieved ef command of the
army of Virginia.
1. Repulse of the rebels, 1,200 strong, st
Washington, N. C, by f00 Union troops.
12. Occupation of Kederick, Md . by Union
troops under General liurnside. Ieath of U. S.
Senator Thomson, of New Jersey.
14. Battle of South Mountain, Maryland.
15. Surrender of Harper's Ferry, with 8,000
men, by Colonel Miles, to the rebel Jackson.
17. Battle of Antieiam near Sharpsburg j Union
forces On.CllO; rebels 85.000. of hieh 15,000
were held in reserve by each army.
18. Rebels under General Lee recross the Po
tomac, and retreat into Virginia.
10 Battlo of Inka: Union victory.
22. Proclamation issued by President Lincoln.
declaring slaves of rebel States, or parts of States
tree on the 1st January, JPO,..
Meeting of State !
Governors at Altoona on conduct of the war.
24. Proclamation of President Liucoln against
2J. General Nelson shot at Louisville by Gen
eta! J.a. C Davis.
4. Battle of Corintli.
7. piget at Perryville. Kentucky, between Un
ion forces, under Gen. MeConk, and 8.010 rebel.
10. Occupation of Chambersburg by rebel cav
ahy under Stuart.
12. Rebel cavalry under Stuart recross the Po
tomac and escape.
24. Gen. Buell replaced by GeR. Rosecrans, in
command of the Union army in Kentucky.
27. Army of the Potomac advances from Mary
land into Virgiuia, by way of Berlin. Battle of
Bayou La Fourche, Louisiana.
5. 6 Breckinridge unsuccessfully bombards
Nashville, and retires.
7 . General McClellan relieved from command
ot the Army of the Potomac. Fight at Hartsville
and Gallatin, Tenn , between the Union troops,
under General Terry, and rebels under General
Morgan. Colonel Moore's brigade captured by
11. General McClelland quits the Army of the
13. Oecnpation of Holly Spings, Miss., by
16. President Lincoln issues orders to the At
torney General regarding the execution of the
proclamation ot' confiscation.
17. Arrival at Pal mouth, opposite Fredericks
bnrg, of Sumner's graud division of the Army of
4, Banks' expedition sails.
7. Capture of the steamer Ariel by the rebel
8. Battle of Prairie Grove, Arkansas.
11. Bridges laid across tbe Rappahannock op
posite Fredericksburg, and shelling of that city
i by the Union Forces under Burnside.
16. Battle of t redencksburg. Union forces
actually engaged, 40,000. Rebels, not known
Union army repulsed, with loss of 1,152 killed,
9,000 wounded, and 900 prisoners. Rebel loss
in killed and wounded, 1.700 ; prisoners, 586
14. Arrival of tbe Banks expedition at New
Orleans. General Butler superseeded in com
mand of New Orleans by General Banks.
lli. Withdrawal acrcss the Rappahannock of
tbe Union Army after the battle of Fredericks
burg. 22. Death of Ex-Senator Pearce, of Maryland .
23. Victories of South Creek. Kingston. White
Hall, and Goldsboro'. announced by General
Foster from the Department of North Carolina.
24. Issue of Jeff Davis' proclamation, retalia
tory upon General Butler and Union officers.
27 Rebel raid on Dumfries and Occcquan, do
ing but trifling damage.
TIIE intense interest everywhere felt in the
mighty contest in which the Armies and Fleets
of the Nation are engaged,
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THE 0IsCi PLE.V ADVOCATE,
AT the late Session of the General Conference of
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HUXNEWELL'S UNIVERSAL COUGH
What every family shoiid hare in the fioutc aftdichy?
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