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GENERAL uKDKliS. NO. 107.
War Depart i ent, A'ijutaut General's Office,
I. 0PF.C9TH of thtj r. 'uiar army will, as a geiiera
riwv. n ct-ive leaves : autiene to accept rue ram
of Colonel in volunteer regiments, but not low-
jfradei. Ron-commiosioned officer? and private
wfft be discharged on receiving commis-fions in
II Tli e m th of allegiance will not be administered
toinyfcwo aairmt lite own will; it muni in all
cue be a voluntary act nn ms part. Sior will any
cujitpniKory parole of honor be received. But
ontbs taken, and paroles given, to avoid arrest
detention, imprisonment, or expulsion, are volun
tary or frea acts, and cnnnot be reard-!J as com
pulsory. All persons guilty of violating such oath
or paroles will be j.uuiahed according to the lavs
ana saeefl 01 war.
Mil. i ue uws oi the united Mates and the gen
oral laws of war, authorize, in certain cases, tin
seizure and conversion of private property for the
uwuibnc) transportation, ana outer uses 01 the
army ; but this must be distinguished from niJInee
and the taking ot property for public purposes is
vry different from its conversion to private uses
All pr petty lawfully taken frm the enemy, or
iiwm ifMS iui,.inir.iiii s 01 an enemy s country, instant
ly becomes public property, aud must be used aud
aofunted fur as sueh.- The 52d Article of War
authorises the penalty of death for pillage or plun
derinir.and other articles authorize severe nunish
ments fur any officer or soldier who shall sell, em
bezzle. misapply, or waste military stores, or win
shall permit tue waste or misapplication of any such
public property. The penalty is the same whether
the offence be committed in our own or in an
.IT. All property, public or pwvate, taken from
'Jftea enemies, muse ue luvennmeu nna ouiy ac
counted for. If the property taken be claimed as
private, receipts must be given to such claimants
or their agent. Officers will be held strictl) ac
countable for all property taken by them or by their
atnomy,ann it must oe returned tor, tne same as
n other public property.
. Where foraging parties are sent out for pro
visions ot other store, the commanding officer .of
such party will be held accountable tor the couduct
of his command, and will make a true report of all
VI. No officer or soldier will, without authority,
leave his colors or ranks, to take private property,
or to enter a private house for that purpose. All
such acts are punishable with death, and an officer
who permits them is equally as guilty as the actual
Vfi, a Commanding officers of armies and corps
will be held responsible for the execution of tnese
orders in their respective commands.
By command of Major General Ha Heck,
General in Chief of the Army:
E. i. TOWXSEND,
Assistant Adjutant General,
Depart ni nt of North Carolina,
Newhcrne, Nov. 29, lGi
SPECIAL ORDER, NO. 103.
Rev. James Means, is hereby appointed Super
Intendant of all the Blacks in this Department. The
chiefs of the different Departments having blacks
under their charge, will report to him; and he will
be obeyed and respected ic all matters connected
with the negroes in this command.
By command of Mai. Gen. J. G- Foster,
Assistant Adjutant General.
In accordance with the above Order, all those
who employ Blacks in tho public service in this
Department will report tome, monthly , their names,
employment, number of days work, with dates, and
rate of pay, beginning with December.
Office. M.;tea!f street, corner of New street.
JAMES MEANS, Superintend t ot Blacks.
Dei a htm Ext of North Caboliha,
Newberne, Dec. 10, 1802.
An export duty of five per cent, on all cotton and
hides, and on all naval stores, and on all wood and
lumber, shipped from any port in this Department
will be charged from this date.
Masters of vessels carryin any of the articles
above named, must exhibit tbeir freight list to the
several Chief Quarter-Ma-tteis, at these ports, be
fore they can obtuiu a clearance.
Tbe amounts due for the duty, will be paid to said
Soarter-Masters, or in their abtence to the Provost
arshal. until further orders.
Ah orders heretofore issued in relation to export
duties, are annulled, by order of Maj. Gen. Foster.
By order of Governor Stanly.
Ik t KTT W T XT T." w o r V ' T- I
Ob and after tins date all.persoim are forbid brinp
log to tlii.eity for sale, any Tar, Pitch. Ko in, Tur
pentine, Cotton. Shingles or Wood, without a writ
ten Derniit trom the owners thereof, which permit
must b countersigned by the Provost Marshal, who
will ascertain betore countersigning whetlicr the
owners of said articles are loyal. And all traders
are hereby enjoined not to purchase or sell any of
tne auove articles in vioiaiiun 01 mis oruer.
By command of Gov. Edward Stanly :
Department of North Carolina.
New Berne, Sept. 12, 18H2
After the 15th dsw of September only 2 clerks ui
each of the Department Offices will be allowed to
commute their rations at 75 cents per day.
All other detailed men will, after lb at date, either
draw their rations or commute them at the cost of
the ration at thit post.
Kurh mess of 6 detailed men will be allowed one
cont raband as cook., whose pay will be eight dol
lars per month.
By command of Maj. Gen J. G. Foster :
Assistant Adjutant General.
HE AO-QlTART KRS,
Department of North Carolina
NewBerne, November 21 18t:
UlVNb,KALj UJWKJ, ISO. .
Ilerenfter no negroes will be allowed tocnt Wood
within the limits of this Department, without a
written permission from His Excellency, Edward
Stanly, Military Governor, or f-om the owners of
the land on which such wood is cut, except such
negroes are employed by the Quarter Masters De
partment to cut wood for the use of the Troops in
By command of Maj. Gen. J. G Foster.
Asst. Adjt. General.
Obpartme.vt ok North Oaroli
New Berne, November 28, 186:
Special notice dated Nov. 18th. relieving: Captain
Daniel Messinrr from duty, an Inspector of titles
to Tur, Turpentine, Cotton, and other Merchandise,
having been issued under misapprehension, is
hereby revoked. Captain Messinger will continue
to perform the duties connected with that office as
By command of Maj. Gen. J-G. Foster,
Assistant Adjutant General.
Depautmunt of North Carolina,
Newberne, Nov. 17. 1862.
Philip Pipkin, of tins twn, is hereby appointed
Inspect er of Tar and Turpentine, and is to be respect
ed as such.
He is authorized to charge ten cents per barrel
All person- are forbidden to sell any Tar or Tur
pentine, without having each bairel inspected by
Military Governor of Nerth Carolina.
lrtment or North Caromva.
New Berne, Sept. 23d. 1862. )
.SPECIAL ORDERS, NO
. Daniel Me-singer. A. O,. M., is hereby ap-
to investigate titles ot property ro oe
shipped from thi port, and will ho obeyed and re
By comm ind of M;ij. Gen. Foster,
Southard Hoffman. Ast. Adj. Ucn.
Military Governor of N. Carolina,
New Berne. June 2l, 1862.
Dr. J. G.Tt i.L will from the date of this order as
sume charge of all vacant and abandoned build
in k in Newbern, with power to assign, to lease, and
rent the same.
By command of
J. Lyman Van Buken, Military Secretary.
I. 1862, 1
All Derons. prisoners f war tot!
now on parole in this department, desirous of leav
ing the lines of the U. S. forces will report their
names at these Head nart-Ms immediately.
By command of Maj. Gen. J. G. Foster,
A sails tan t Adjutant General.
Tic ADQUARTF R8.
Depart" ent North Carol
Newbern, Oct. 15, 18
GKKERAL ORDERS NO. 49.
All officers, men and citizens are strictly forbid
den to eo on board of any of the steamers arriving
at this port by means of boats or otherwise, until
lie vessel la properly secured to the wharf.
The Provost Marshal will see that this order is
mplicitlv obe en and that no onn extent nersonw
connected with these Headquarters sod with the
office of Capt. Slaght, A. Q. AI.. will be allowed to
go on board under any pretext whatever.
ny command ot jnaj uen.jrn teb,
SOUTH A KD HOFFMAN,
Assistant Adjutant General.
( ircolnr Order.
Department North Carolina
Newbeme, N. C. Sept. 2o
The great and unnecessary waste of aras in the
quarters ooenpied by the officers and men of this
ouimana, calls fur mm:uiatu attention and correc
The expense of making gss. is. of course, large.
and paid, mainly, by the Government.
Mnaiers in quarters, are subject to the same
rules as to lights, as if in camp, and Company Com
mnnders will see that they are strictly carried out.
Officers are enjoined to see that as little waste as
possible takes place, in their respective quarters.
ijy order ot MM, lien. j. (jr. roster.
SOUTHARD HOFFMAN, Asst. Adj. Gen.
Department of North Carolina
Aew Jierne, Sept. -4, looli.
8PECIAL ORDERS, NO. 54.
Captain Daniel Messinger. A. Q. M.. is hereby
ordered to investigate and examine into the ship
ments from this point of cotton, &c, since the oc
cupation of New iierne by our forces.
He will endeavor to discover who have shipped,
and how. cotton seized by the U. S. Government,
and sent away without proper authority.
All officers of the army will afford Capt. Messin
ger any facility in the discharge of this duty.
By command of Maj. Gen. J. G- Foster,
JOHN F. ANDERSON.
Lieut, and Acting Ass't Adj t General. .
Department of North Carol
Newbern, Sept 16, 186;
SPECIAL ORDERS No. 33
The firing of cannon or musketry at this port for
practice, is nereoy discontinued except by special
order from these Headquarters.
By command of Maj. Gen. Foster:
Aas't Adj't Gen.
Depart incut of North Carolina
X T A ) . I IQn
GENERAL ORDERS No. 8
AH Vessels are forbidden to leave any port in this
Department and take any person of color who did
not arrive on the vessel, or who has not a pass from
the General or other officer commanding, or from
the MiHtary Governor.
All vessels of every description violating thi or
der will be liable to confiscation and her master will
be severely punished.
No vessel shall have any port in this Department
until the master shall take an oath that tie has not
any such person on board and will not allow any
such person to come or remain on board.
It is the duty ot the Harbor master or other per
firnnntn gppnintnrt In mss rnpy f tfcfa order
Lo cvioy umN;r ui - f 'Mlj If I ill pill null
to sail and see that the oath abu'c UJuiiu.aiS
It shall be the duty of the master of every vessel
to make a written report during everv voyage of
the names of -every person on bourd said vessel du
ring said voyage, except soldiers in service, and to
preserve said re port till called for by the Provost
Marshal or other officer authorized to receive it.
By command of Maj General J. G. Foster:
Ass't Adj't Gen.
Headquarters, Department of N.C. )
New Berne, Juue 12. 18n2 J
Dr. J. G. Tail, is hereby appointed City Inspec
tor of New Berne, with power to assess and collect
rents and gas rates, and will be obeyed ucd respect
By command of Gov. Stnnly:
J.LYMAN VAN BUIiEN, Military Secre:ary .
Department of North Carolina,
Newbern, Sept. 20, 186:
Soccial Notice to Comvttmcs Quarter tn town.
1. The gas must be turned off from all burners in
Company quarters, at the proper hour for the ex
tinguishment of lights, and but one light will be
used iu the hall during the night, and that turned
2. Company officers will see that this order is
carried out. and that all diligence is used in econo
3. Officers quartered in town will not use any
more burners nor continue lights later than is abso
iute necessary, in their own quarters.
By command of Mai Geu. J. G. Foster,
JAS. C. SLAGI1T. Capt. and A. Q. M
Im ports nt Order.
Department of North Caroli
New lieine, April 28, 186;
GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 28.
Whoever, after the issue of this order shall, with
in the limits to which the Lnioo Arms may extend
in this Department, utter one word against the Gov
ernment of these United States, will be at once ar
rested ana: closely confined. It must be distinct!
understood that thin Department is under Martial
Law. and treason expresed or implied, will meet
with a speedy punishment.
The Military liovernor ot jvew J5eme is cnargen
with the strict execution of this order, within the
hounds of his control.
By command of Major General Burnside:
Asa't Adj't General.
Provost Marshal's Office, 7
Newbern, Jan. 12, 186.1.
Hereafter, no citizen will be allowed to purchase
spirituous liquors, without a permit horn the Pro
Nothing can be shipped from this Port except by
order of the Chief Quartermaster.
Whilst every facility wilt be afforded to persons
engaged iu legitimate busii&aa in this city, and at
tempts at extortion in prices, or monopoly of such
articles aa may be necessary to the comfort of the
troops, will deprive the ofletider of his license to
sell. Any trader refusing to accept in payment
United States Treasury Notes will be reported to
the Provost Marshal.
All persons having filth or rubbish of any kind
in their yards or lots, will ut once deposit the same
in a barrel or box in the street, so that it may be re
moved. Owners and oceupnnts of Houses and Stores, will
be beld strictly responsible for the coudition of the
sidewalk-iu front of their buildings, and must also
take care that no dirt or rubbish is deposited in the
Gutters, which must be kept free, to prevent the
accumulation of water in the streets.
Has been established ut the foot of Pollock street
for the lunding of all kinds of produce that
brought into this City for sale ; and in order to pre
vent monopoly, no person will be allowed to tore
stall any of such produce or provisions. Every
one will be allowed to charge a fair and reasonable
price, under the supervision of the Council of Ad
ministration of this Corps d'Armee. No boats will
be allow, d to land at any other place in this City, for
the sale of produce or provisions. Any violation of
this order will subject the boat and contents to con
fiscation for the benefit of the Hospital. This older
will go into effect -ou Monday next, the thirtieth day
of June. ;
-a fresh a&eorlnunt at
1ST IE W SPAPEB
NEWBERN, & C, SATURIY, JANUARY 24, 1863.
Provost Marsha's Office.
Newbern, JanL 12, i863
The duties of the sentinels, in Addition the
duties laid down in the Army Kegjilntions, will be
to preserve order within the hmitsfof their beats,
to see that no property is injured, bo houses entered
without proper authority, no citizen abused or in
tuited ; that no soldier passes his post without a
pass from the 'Colon el of his regiment; that no sai
lor passes his post without a pass from the captain
of his ship, and that, alter dark, neither soldier
nor sailor be allowed to pass.
Every soldier or sailor found in the streets after
daik, will be arrested, the Sergeant of the guard
called, and the offender handed over to him, to be
conducted to the Guard House. All disorderly per
sons at anv time, will be arrested and handed over
to the Sergeant of the Guard.
In case of any disorderly or riotous persons re
fusing 10 obey tne orders ot the sentinel, the senti
nel shall use his arms, if the offender cannot be se
cured in any other way. To resist or assault a sen
tinel, is one of the gravest of military offences, and
will subject the offender to severe pwnishmeot.
Commissioned Officers do not require a pass, but
no one win oe reeoLrnizea as an omcer. wimouc nis
uniform, and the shoulder straps, which indicate his
rank. Gold lace on the sleeve of a naval officer is
an evidence of rank as an officer.
No officer of the Guard or Sentinel has authority
to release from arrest any Prisoner of the Provost
Guard. The non-commissioned Officer or Sentinel
in charge of Prisoners will be held responsible for
Xo pass for a soldier or sailor is good, except it be
countersigned by the commanding officer of his
regiment or vessel. Any soldier or sailor without
a pass properly countersigned, will be arrested and
confined in the Guard House.
No person is allowed to sell spirituous liquors to
soldiers, sailors or negroes, upon any pretext what
ever An attempt to evade this order will be treat
ed with the same seventy as an open violation of
wmm uj jin m'u rcuiut: 10 a uiuuuraionea omcer,
upon hu oruer purporting to come irom nitn, will be
held responsible for the genuineness of the order
All Sutlers are prohibited from selling Liquors by
the glass to any Commissioned, non-commissioned
officer, or private soldier, sailor or citizen. Any
violation of this order will subject the party offend
ing 10 a neavynne as wen as lorieuure ot ma privi
lege to keep a Stwre in the city of Newbern.
No parcel can be sent by Express except by a
special permit from the Provot Marshal.
No person shall water a horse or mule within
fifty feet of a pump.
No person shall wash at a pump, or clean fish,
or deposit filth of any kind, at or near a pump
Citizens will be allowed to pass and repass in the
city duringgood behavior until nine o'clock P. M.
After nine o'clock no pass is good except a special
one from the Provost Marshal, or from Head Quar
ters. The Provost Marshal, fa instructed to nllow no
one from without our lines to land in this city, unless
tney come- here to trade ; and all such persons-must
be made Nflund at noma given point, and no where
else. A guard of several men must be placed there,
and those people be allowed no communication with
the citizens of Newbern except in the presence of
one of the guard; and they must not be allowed to
go about the cit-v. if they want to trade at the
stores, a party of them can go at a time, under
charge ot a guard, these orders must be strictly
Al persons arriving in Hkmmy to trade will imme
diately report themselves- the office or the Pro
vost Marshal; and no boats are allowed to land at
any wharf or dock, except those at the foot of Pol
lock street. All strangers found in the city, who
h a ve not reported r.s above ordered , will be arrested
and dealt with summarily.
All persons are forbid hitching Horses to any of
the Trees in the City, and all the Sentinels are in-
All persons are forbid firing guns, pistols, or can
non, m any of the streets, lanes, alleys, or lots
within this city. No fireworks will be burnt or
fired unless by a special permit of the Provost Alar
Whereas many non commissioned officers and
privates who are upon detached sei vice, clerks,
teamsters and orderlies, are in the habit of
leaving off their proper uniforms and appearing in
officers undress, or citizen's apparel, very much to
the prejudice of good order and discipline of the
service, it is hereby ordered,
That all such persons at once appear in their
proper uniforms, or they will be arrested and pun
ished. All negroes are forbidden to wear the button of
the Army snd all officers are hereby enjoined to
see that their servants comply with this regulation.
Hereafter no fences, or pnrts of fences, in this
town, shall be removed without the written order of
Cant. Daniel Messinger. Div. Qr. Mastei.
Fast driving (by officers or men) is strictly pro
hibited within the limits of the city. Sentries will
arrest all violating this order.
Hereafter dead horses mu.-t be taken by the Reg
iment, Battery, ice., to which they belong, at least
one mile from town and at once buried the grave
to be not less than six feet deep.
Regiments, Batteries:, Ate. will at once take the
necessary steps to bury such dead horses as be
longed to their respective commands, and at present
Commanding officers will see to the full and
prompt carrying out of this order
JJy order of Maj. Gen. J. G. FOSTER,
Coin. 18th Army Corps.
h Carolina, V
24, 1862. )
Department ot aort
New Berne, Sept
GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 44
No vehicles whatever will be allowed to pass
over the R. R Bridge, without a pass from these
Headquarters, or the Provoet Marshal.
By command of Maj. Gen. J. G. Foster,
JOHN F. ANDERSON,
Acting Assistant Adjutant General.
U. 8. niLITARV RAILROAD.
On ami nit -r Dec. 1ft trains will leave as follows:
Bui NO SOUTH.
Leave Newbern 9 &. It.
Newpuri Barracks 10.35
" Carolina City 11
Arrive Moreliead . 11.15
Leave Moreliea.l 1 00 P. M.
" Carolina City 1.15
11 Newport Barracks I. -10
" Newport 1.50
" Havelock... 2.15
' Croatan 2.'t5
" Newbern 3.15
Stop on signal.
All free paspes on this Road will be void after
Monthly Parses will be issued on and after that
date, to all persons entitled to permanent transporta
tion, to be obtained only at this Office, and of the
Assistant Quarter-master at Morehead. No Pjersos
will be allowed to travel on the Koad ithout a pass
or ticket. This rule will he strictly adhered to.
JAMES C. SLAGHT.
Capt, A Q. M,
Newbern, Pee. 1, 18T3.
7S Court landt Street, New York
F r the sale of Cotton. Naval Stores, and a
southern products. Refers to
D. It. Marlin, President Ocean Bank. N. Y.
Moses Taylor. President City Bank, N. Y.
S. C. Nelson. Newbern.
Bale. Hamilton Ac Co.. Newbern. 3m27
BOOTH A !
SHOES for every
no v" 1 7
IM.KY.w WOOD W1IAIIF ! '.
opposite the Turpentine Distillery,
Pront street, where consumers of Wood, will find a
good supply constantly on hand, at asche&p rates
as the Markitt affvrds.
P. S. Please call before purchasing elsewhere.
THOMAS H. DUDLEY
Newbern, Jan. 5, 1S63. liu82
I3 23 O
A Nrvr Yankee Doodle.
BY J. R- GILMORE.
lankee Doodle came to town
To view the "situation,"
Ad found the world all upside down,
A rumpus in the nation ;
He heard all Europe laugh in scorn,
And call him but a noodle;
"laugh on :" he cried; "as sure's you're born,
1 still am Yankee Doodle !"
Chorus Yankee Doodle, &o.
He found the ragged Southern loons
A-training like tarnation ;
They 'd stolen all bis silver spoons
And rifled his plantation ;
"I'll wait awhile," be quietly said ;
i "They may restore the plunder,
But if they don't, I'll go ahead
And thrash them well, by thunder! "
. Chorus Yaukee Doodle, Sic-
And then the lovely Queen of Spain
Told him, in honeyed lingo.
That she bad courted not iu vain
A darkey in Domingo.
"My dear " said he, " if you will roam
With all the male creation.
Pray don't come here ; I can't, at home,
J Allow amalgamation!"
Chorus Yankee Doodle, &o.
The British lion slyly eyed
His bales of Southern cotton ;
"Dear Yankee Doodle," soft he cried,
"That stuff is slave begotten :
A brother's tears have bleach'd it white :
It speaks your degradation ;
But I must have it, wrong or right,
To keep away starvation."
Chorus Yankee Doodle, &c.
"Hands off! hands off! good cousin John V
Said quiet Yankee Doodle ;
"I am no braggart cotton don.
Who'll bear the system feudal,
I've heard your prate in Exeter Hall
Of sin and slave pollution ;
But now I see 'twas blarney all
You love 'the institution !' "
Chorus Yankee Doodle, &c.
"'Falsa words id deeds, to high and low
Bring righteous retribution ;
And. cousin John, mayhap you know
The frigate Constitution !
She is now but a rotten boat,
But I have half a notion
To set her once again afloat
i And drive you from tho ocean."
Chums Yankee Doodle, &c
"And if, in league with her of Spain,
Wi'h nil the past forgotten.
You dare to lift the band of Cain
In aid of old King Cotton,
Be sure to guard those costly toys
You call your broad dominions,
For I have lots of Yankee boys
Can flog your hireling minions."
Chorus Yaukee Doodle, &c
" I trust in God and in the right,
nniLia ill if mialily nalinai --
,.i ii Mill OMue wniiKl ireeTy light
The whole combined creation ;
For when, in Time's impartial gaze
The nations are review'd all,
I know the mead of honest praise
Will rest on Yankee Doodle .'
Chorus Yankee Doodle. &c.
The Richmond '-Wilis'- ou (be War.
The Richmond Whig of the 23d inst. thinks
the Federal campaigns in Virginia and North
Carolina are over for the winter, and takes the
following view of the future in the South and
" Looking along the coast it is to be expected
that a determined effort will now be made to
retrieve on water something of the prestige
they have lest on land. Charleston, Savannah
and Mobile should hold themselves ready for
assault at any moment. The enemy know the
advantage they have in the powerful armament
and iron shields of their navy. They imagine
that the capture of the well known cities we
have named will give them not only substan
tial advantages here, but great eclat abroad.
The season is now propitious, their immense
preparations are about completed, and the exi
gencies of their situation impel them to mike
an instant and desperate effort. We cannot
foresee the result. We believe these cities will
be defended with a valor and obstinacy that
will give them a glorious name in history,
whether they stand or fall ; and we believe
that if the enemy take them, they will take
only heaps of ruins. But we fervently pray
that they may be able to beat back the de
stroyer, and preserve themselves alike from the
glorious fate of self-destruction, and the in
glorious one of passing under the joke of
From Tennessee the intelligence is favora
ble. Rosecrans delays his advance ; but the
accounts from that direction assure us that he
will soon be forced to fight, retreat, or be shut
up and besieged in Nashville. He has now a
1 Confederate General opposed to him who is
not patient under delays, and who will not
suffer him to spend tho wiuter quietly in the
capital of Tennessee.
From Mississippi, if we must credit an Au
gusta contemporary, there is nothing encourag
ing. The contest there is enveloped in doubt
and gloom. Without placing credit in the
Northern accounts, which claim for their forces
the possession of Grenada, it is evident that
we have lost much ground, ant that our army
has been forced back many Utiles since the
battle of Corinth. The Confederate army there
is far inferior in number to what is generally
supposed. It has received very scanty rein
forcements, for the story of Hindman's having
crossed the Mississippi with forty thousand
men was shamelessly bogus, while to the Fed
eral army a continuous stream of men has been
pouring from the Northwest to replenish its
ranks. The multitudes which are to be burled
on our handful of heroes there are not yet fully
ready to move ; when their preparations are
complete, a desperate contest will ensue for
the possession of the great valley of the Mis
sissippi a contest which, we tear, will be
hopeless unless our forces are brought by re
inforcements to something nearer equality with
those of the enemy. The advent of President
Davis, who has declared his intention to share
the fortunes of the Western army, will infue
a new spirit into the army, and arouse the
population into more energetic action ; and the
prospect. in Mississippi is less cheerful than in
any other part of the vast field of war."
An Irishman, catching a thief's hand in his
pocket at the post office the other day, knocked
the thief down and began to trample his car
cass as if he was dancing a Fardowner's jig.
" What's that for ?" said a bystander. " Oh 1"
said Pat, " its small change the fellow wanted,
and faith I'm after giving him a few post office
3? Ii 312 .
ItHftaia aud China.
It is an opinion rather lelt than expressed
among European politicians, that ttussia
gradually advancing her territorial lines in tbe
North of Asia, with the design, ere manv
years pass, of getting a foot-hold in the vast
empire of China. Whoever desires to have
the grounds for this opinion may read Atkin
son's "Travels in the Upper and Lower A moor
and the Russian acquisitions in the confines of
India and China," published in London in 1860
and republished by the Harpers in tbe same
year. It appears that in 1857 the Emperor of
vnina ceaea to tne czar tne vast valley of the
Atnoor, wuereoy tne Kussian territory in ten
tral Asia was largely extended threateningly,
if needs be, toward British India and China.
Previously, Siberia had extended 6500 miles
on the North of tbe Asiatic Continent, from
the Caspian Sea to the North Pacific ocean.
near which, and North of China, the Amoor
territory is situated. Tbe journey from Lon
don to Pekin now occupies fifty days. At a
meeting of the London Geographical Society,
on the 11th December, a Mr. Grant read an
account of a new route from Pekin to St
Petersburg, via Mongolia, Siberia and Moscow,
which reduces the journey frooi Pekin to Lon
don to twenty days, and brings St. Petersburg
within sixteen days' travel. It was stated in
the conversation which followed, that very re
cently nearly the whole of the rich Chinese
province of Manchuria, including the whole of
the seacoast, washed by the Sea of Japan and
the Gulf of Tartary, had also been ceded to
Russia thus bringing the Czar's dominions
within no great distance of Pekin. The new
acquisition, in fact, is adjacent to the Amoor
territory, ceded to Russia in 1857.
Ibe Chinese have loner considered Russia as
their only European friend. The successive ces
sions of territory to tbe Czar have been proofs of
gratitude for services rendered. Russia has late
ly succeeded in negotiating a new commercial
treaty with China, which gives it greater advan
tages than have been conceded to Franca and
England. Among its previsions are these : that
all trade for fifty versts (each verst is 3,501 feet)
on each side of the border lino is to be free from
ouiy, ana mat Kussian merchandise will be re
ceived at Tien-tsin for one third of the rates
imposed upon otbei European goods. Tien-tsin,
it sbonld be noted, is a nort not much more than
ene hundred miles from Pekin, and was the place
where the British and French troops effectually
frightened tbe Chinese in June, 1858, and there
by extorted a treaty from them. Russia has nev
er carried hostilities into China, and has her
reward in the most tangible manner.
The present generation may not live to see it,
but China is evidently destined one day to be
come the spoil of European rulers, and. whenever
trie partition is consumoted, Russia will be found
to have gained the lion's share. Perhaps the
twin principles of civilization and nrorrress will
be advanced thereby for the mental develop
ment or Kussia witnin tbe last half century has
been unusually and enviably great How Eng
land will accept of the Czar's advancement io
Asia remains to be seen. One day it may even
assail India, as tbe first Napoleon predicted at St.
professing to have goutl iumi UJB UMllnJllaWuii
has put in circulation disquieting rumors io
regard to military preparations in Canada. We
are probably able to s'ate tbe exact truth re
specting this subject, as our informant is an
American gentleman who for several months
past has resided in Quebec, and enjoyed facili
ties for learning the real disposition of tbe
Canadian Government toward the United
States. We learn from this source that the
fact is indisputable, that enormous quantities
of ammunition and not less than 200.000 stand
of small arms have been received in Canada
from England within the last few months, be
sides artillery. Vessels laden with warlike
materials have been seen discharging cannon
at the ordnance wharf in Quebec, while others
passed on te distribute their cargoes at various
points up the lakes. This, however, is not
construed as indicating any thing hostile to the
United States. On the contrary, the disposi
tion of the present Canadian Ministry Is very
friendly. The Premier, Hon. J. S. McDonald,
married a lady from Louisiana, but he is a
strong believer in the power of the North and
its recuperative energy. Our informant believes
the true explanation of these military move
ments, which have excited so much suspicion
in some quarters, to be that, not only in
Canada but in England, there exists a convic
tion that eventually the North American colo
nies must establish themselves as an indepen
dent government. Their connection with the
mother country is of little advantage to either
party ; so, whatever the result of the rebellion
in the United States, the tendency is rather
toward a dissipation ot the old relationship.
It is surmised that England, therefore, not to
cast off her offspring in a helpless state, with
war raging so near, chooses this time to pro
vide a sort of patrimony, in the shape of
It is not true that the guns in the fortress at
Quebec have benn replaced by a new arma
ment. Those now in position are the same
that have been there since the time of Mont
gomery and Montcalm, and would avail little
in a conflict with modern guns and artillery.
The general tone of sentiment in Canada is
anything but hostile to this country. The
feeling is that the destiny of the Provinces is
inseparably linked with that of the United
States, and their interests In a great measure
identical. It is only in certain cliques that the
secession spirit prevails. Jour, of Com.
Secessionists in New York. The Newark
Advertiser publishes this in the shape of a let
ter from New York : It is wonderful
to see and hear the impudence of certain South
ern secesh men and women, who have sought
New York for society and protection. At one
of the large up-town hotels an Alabamian and
his wife and child have been boarding for
months. Ho is represented as actively en
gaged with some New York house in sending
goods to Nassau, from thence to run into rebel
ports. No doubt he is a spy here, and fur
nishes the rebels with all kinds of information.
Both hiinselt and wife make the most insulting
remarks in the hotel, and she teaches her child
to run out her tongue at the servant girls and
call them Lincoln's slaves. One of them
slapped the little imp the other day, and the
passionate and insolent father, meeting her on
the stairs, threatened to throw her oyer the
bannister. The girl, with noble independence,
dared him to attempt such an outrage, when
ho struck her violently in the face twice.
Some gentlemen have interested themselves in
the matter, and probably you will see some
newspaper developments when the trial comes
The Import Dt'Tr on Pai : h
, correspondence says tha'. the
Ways and Means in Conp: xss, it is understood.
will report a bill abolisbin.-- tbe import duty
Organization of 2Q.00Q KtNTicai.o-s. The
Washington correspondent of the New York
Post says :
" In the Senate, Garrett Davis of Kentucky
got up his bill for calling out twenty thousand
Kentuckians for one year to protect the frontier
and lines of communication. This bill went
by the board last session because of the strong
prejudice against it. By the terms of the Wll
the force raised is put under the control of th
Governor of Kentucky, and there are rumors
that the Governor and Legislature ot that Stat
are not sound since the emancipation procla
mation was issued. I notice, however, that
Senators who did not advocate the bill last ses
sion now favor it. Among them are the names
of Mr. Clark of New Hampshire, Mr. Wilson
of Massachusetts and Mr. Collamer of Ver
mont. It is seen that a cavalry force composed
of native loyal men of Kentucky and Tennes
see would be worth a great deal to us just
now. It is precisely the force we lack to
keep open communication with our advanced
The Importance of One Mile. By con
structing a canal about three-fourths of a mile
in length, from Big Stone Lake to LakeTravcr,
steamboats from St. Paul could navigate both
the Minnesota river and the Red river of tho
North to Lake Winnipeg, a distance of seven
hundred miles ! The country traversed by
these rivers is surpassingly fertile, and capable
of sustaining a dense population. Lake Win
nipeg is larger than Lake Ontario, and receives
the Sas batch-a-wan river from the west The
Sas katch-a-wan river is navigable to a point
(Edmonton House) near the Rocky Mountains,
seven hundred miles west of Lake Winnipeg,
and only one hundred and fifty miles east of
the celebrated gold diggings on Frazer river, iu
The digging of that one mile of canal would
therefore enable a steamboat at New Orleans
to pass into Lake Winnipeg, and from thence
to Edmonton House, some 5000 miles 1 A bill
has been introduced into the Senate, which
makes provision for the building of the canal.
I robably n the world there cannot be found
a spot across which the dicginc of so short a
canal would effect a result so prodigious. And,
what is almost equally remarkable, the ground
between tbe two lakes is so low and so level
that, it is said, the water flows in times of
freshets from one to the other. Washington
Jons Jacob Astor's Coachman in Trocblb.
On Tuesday in New York, officer Benson Sher
wood perceived a carriage at the corner of
Broadway and Fourth street, standing partially
on the cross-walk, while a number of ladies
were waiting to cross. The officer requested
the driver, Walter Thorne, to drive up a few
paces, to clear the walk. The driver refused
to move, and wanted to know if the officer
knew who he was talking to. " Why," said,
the driver, "I drive for John Jacob Astor !"
The officer replied that it didn't make the
slightest difference who he drove for, he would
have to drive up or be arrested. The driver
refused to do either, and Sherwood promptly
brought him to the sidewalk, and then marched
him off somewhat crestfallen to the Tombs
and arraigned him before Alderman Hall. Tho
Alderman on hearing the case reprimanded
him and fined him $2. The Jehu was aston
ished, but putting on his dignity remonstrated,
informing the magistrate that " he drove for
John Jacob Astor!" The magistrate couldn't
see the distinction, and as Thorne refused to
pay the fine, he was committed to prison.
-YTrmrrir.: t- "T77 1KB Will wjWfT-'
T : -- j. a
fame of Dorchester has been again disparaged
by a horrible and mysterous tragedy, ine par
ticulars, as they are stated, are that on Sunday
evening last Mrs Benjamin Hamblen, residing:
at Harrison square, Dorchester, died suddenly
shortly after leaving the tea table. Rumors ob-
tained currency during the next day that the
death was caused by poisen, and on Tuesday,
Coroner Vose assembled a jury of inquest to
examine the case. After viewing the body it
was decided that an autopsy sbonld be made, and
Drs. Fi6eld and Miller were appointed to perform
that operation during an interval of the inquest.
As the jury were leaving the premises tbe sharp
report of a pistol was heard, when it soon appear
ed that Mr. Hamblen, the husband of the deceas
ed, had shot himself throngh the heart. He
expired in a few minutes, and much excitement
immediately spread throngh the village. Tb
immediate cause ot the death and snicide of this
unhappy couple is not yet definitely known, but
theieare many rumors in circulation. One of
these is thai the wife was secretly poisoned by
the husband, and that fear of detection drove
him to desperation ; while another report is that
both parties had become tired of life and deliber
ately committed self destruction. The deceased
were severally from 35 to 38 years of age, and
leave a family of three children. Mr. Hamblen
hn lone been known in Boston as the keeper of
an oyster shop, bitterly at No 19 Batterymarcb
The Latest Tragedy". It is now stated that
Mr. Benjamin Hamblen, who shot himself Toos-
day, did not die, but was still living next merit
ing. His physicians have little hope of bU
recovery. He says he shot himself because he
wished to die with his wife. The Traveller states
that Mrs. Hamblen informed her friends before
h died that she had taken "Female Pills," to
procure a miscarriage
and that her husband bad
procured them in Boston at her request. Mr. H
confirms the statement naming where be bought
the Pills. Boston Journal.
Rmc ark able Lonoevitt. Three weeks ago,
David Allen died in this town, aged 95 years
and 8 months. He was the last survivor of
the children of Nehemiah and Ann Allen, three
of whom were sons and seven daughters, and
all of whom lived to a good old age. Their
ages respectively, leaving off the months, were
93, 96, 77, 84, 93, 9G, 80, 95, 92 and 82 years.
Thus it will be seen that six of the ten lived
considerably beyond 90 years, averaging 94
years and 2 months ; and that the average age
of all is nearly 89 years (88 4-5), while tho
sum of their ages is 888 years. We think it
will be very difficult to find another family,
equally large, of such remarkable longevity.
Gov. Kosscth. Two nephews of the distin
guished Hungarian, Gov. Kosutb, who havo
been serving in the army ol Italy for the last
two years, have just arrived in this city in
tending to offer tbeir services in any capacity
to the Government of the United States in its
contest with the rebellion. They are sons of
Madame Zulaoski, whose decease a year ago
was noticed generally by the press. A son of
Madame Ruttaki, another of the Ex-Govcrnor,
tuts also entered our service. We are glad to
-learn, ly the most recent arrivals, that tho
rumors of Gov. Kossuth's ill health were with
out foundation. He is in excellent health and
spirits. IT. T, Times,
MaXSLA t'CS If EE ft BT AN AMERICAN? SmlOR.
A Valparaiso letter states that an American
named Storey is in prison in that city for man
slaughter, committed on board tire American
ship Sunshine, in the harbor. The Com has
condemned him. He will probably have a
term of imprisonment imposed in the peniten
tiary. He asserts that what he did was in self
defense. The man killed was named John
McCabe. Storey is a tine looking fellow, anil
bis account of the matter is plausible , but
liquor was at the bottom of 'he fracas.