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OEKKHAL, OKDKUS. NO. I7.
War Heparin ent, Adjutant General's Office, )
I. Officers of the regular army will, w a geuenil
tu -. receive leaven 1 absence to accept the rank
f Cionel in dalrteer regiments, but not lower
gradea. Non-coinmipionetl ufli-rn and pi ivateh
will be dfacliarged on receiving commissions in
IE. Tlie ath of allegiance will not be administered
to any person agaitt hw own will; it mut in al!
case be a voluntary art tn hi.- part. Nor will any
compulsory parole of bonor be received. Jlut
oaths taken, and paroles given, to avoid nrrest.
detention, imprisonment, or expulsion, are volun
tary or free acts, and cannnt be rejjardd aj com
pulmtry. All persons guilty of violating smh outb
or paroles will be punished according to the laws
ana usages of war.
III. The laws of tlie United States and the pen
ertllawa of war, authorise, in rtcrtain casw, the
seizure and conversion of private property for tlie
subsistence transportation, and ottier usee of the
army; but this must be distinguished from pillage;
and the taking ot property for jmUic purposes is
Vry different from its conversion to pnrntf uses
All pr perty lawfully taken from tlie enemy, or
from the inhabitants of an enemy's country, instant
ly becomes public property, and must be used and
nccttnnted tor as ?nen. Tlie 5'2d Article of War
authorizes the penalty of death for pillage or plun
dering, and other articles authorize hevere punish
ments tor any officer or soldier who shall sell, em
bezzle, misapply, or waste military stores, or who
half permit the waste or misapplication of any such
pnoiic property. The penalty is the same whether
the offence bo committed in our own or in an
IV. All property, public or private, tiken from
alleged enemies, must be inventoried and duly ac
eounted for. If the property taken be claimed as
private, receipts must be given to nurh claimants
or their agents. Officers will be held strict.) ac
countable for all property taken by the mor by their
authority, and it must be returned for, the same as
anv other public property.
V. Where foraging parties are sent out for pro
Vint tins or other stores, the commanding uffi er of
euch party will be held accountable for the cr.nduct
9f his command, and will make a true report of all
VI. No officer or soldier will, without authority.
leave his colors or ranks, to take private property,
or to enter a private house for that purpope. All
such acts are punishable with death, and nu officer
who permits them is equally as guilty as the actual
VII. Commanding officers of armies and corps
will be held responsible for the execution of tneee
Orders in their respt-i-t ive commands.
By command of Major General Ilalleek,
SenercU-inCkuf of the Army:
E. I. TOWNSEND,
Assitant Adjutant General.
Head Quarters. 1
Departm nt of North Carolina, V
Newbcrne, Kov. 29, ISG2 )
SPECIAL ORDER NO. 103.
Kev. James Means, is hereby appointed Super
fntendant of all the .(lacks in tl'is Department. Tlie
chiefs of the different Departments having blacks
under tlieir charge, will refiort to him; nnd he will
be obeyed and respected in all matters connected
with the negroes in this command.
By command of Maj. f5en. J. O. Foster,
SOUTH AKD HOFFMAN'.
Aas-istant Adjutant General.
In accordance with tho above Order, nil those
who employ Black in the public service in this
Department wili report to me, monthly, their names.,
employment, number of daya work, with date.-, and
rate of pay, beginning with December.
Offiee, M.'tra:f street, corner of New Btreet.
JAMES BKAKS, Superintende t ol Blacks.
DgPA RTJalMT OF XO'ITH CAROLINA, )
Newbeme, Dec. 10, lSo.
An export duty of five per cent, on all cotton and
hides, and on alt navul tdores, and ot. all wood and
lumber, shipped from any port in this Department
will be charged from this date.
Masters of vessels carrying any of the articles
above named, must exhibit their freight lif-t to the
several Chief Quarter-Ma tei8, at these ports, be
fore they can obtain n clearance.
The amounts due for the duty , will be paid to said
Suarter-Maaters, or in their abtence to the Provost
arshal, until further rrdera.
Ah orders heretofore issued in relation to export
diitieit, are numiiJud, by order of JIj. Gen. Foster.
Br order of Governor Stanlv.
On and after this da;e al! persons are forbid bring
Ins; to this city for sale, any Tar, Pitch. Bo in, Tur
pentine, Cotton. Shingles or Wood, without a writ
ten permit from the owners thereof, which permit
must be countersigned by the Provost Marshal, who
Will ascertain before countersigning whether the
Ttwnera of sait articles are loyal. And all traders
ere hereby enjoined not to purchase or sell any ol
the above" articles in violation of this order.
By command of Gov. Edward Stanlv :
Ufa do v a rt f r s
Department el North Carolina
New Berne. Sept. 12, L8&
After the 1 5th (Lay of September only 2 clerks in
each of the Department Offiwes will be allowed to
commute their rations nt 7 cents per day.
All other detailed men will, after that date, either
draw their rations or commute them at the cost of
the ration at this poet.
Each mess of 6 detailed men will be allowed one
cont rabnnd as cook, whose pay will be eight dol
lars per month.
Jiy command of Ma). Gen. J. G. Foster :
Assistant Adjutant General.
Department of North Carolina
NewBerne. November 21 18t;
GENERAL ORDERS. No. 57
Hereafter no negroes will be allowed to cut Wood
Within the limits of this Department, without a
written permission from His Excellency, Edward
Stanly, Mililary Governor, or f-om the owners of
the land on which such wood is cut. except such
negroes are employed by the Quarter Masters De
partment to cut wood for the use of the Troops in
By command o; Mai. Gen. J. G. Foster.
Asst. Adjt. General.
11k ad Q Carters
DEPARTMENT OF NuitTU
New Berne, November
Special notice dated Nov. 18rti. relieving Captain
Daniel Hessinger from duty, as Inspectorof titl
to Tar, Turpentine, Cotton, and other Merchandise,
having been issued under misapprehension, is
hereby revoked. Captain Messinger will ontiuue
to perform the duties connected with that office as
By command of Mai. Gen. J. G- Foster,
Assistant Adjutant General.
Department of North Carolina, ?
Newbeme, Nov. 17, 18(VJ.
Philip Pipkin, of this town, is hereby appointed
Inspectorof Tar and Turpentine, and is to be respect
ed as such.
He is authorized to charge ten cents per barrel
All persona are forbidden to sell any Tar or Tur
pentine, without having each bairel inspected by
Military Governor of Nerth Carolina.
R E ADO. D ASTERS,
Department or North Carot.ika
New Berne, Sept. 23d. 1862.
SPECIAL ORDERS, NO 53.
Cpt. Daniel flfessinger. A. M.. is hereby ap
pointed t investigate titles ot nronertv to be
shipped from this port, and will be obeyed and re-
By command of Mnj. Gen. Poster,
SotTTHAun Hoffman, Asst. Adj. Gen
II F K HQ IT A RTFRS, "1
Jlilitary Governor of N Carolina,
New Berne. June 26, I8fi2. )
Dr. J. G.Tdxx. w ill b om the date of this order as
sume charge of all vacant ami abandoned build
ing in Newbem, with power to assign, to lease, md
rent the same.
Rv command of
J. Lymax Van Buren, Military Sc,retary .
Heaoqo kt rs. )
Department North Carolina,
New Hern.-, Get. I. 1862, )
All persons), prisoners of war to the United States,
now on parole in this depart m snt, desirous ofleav
fag the lines of the I". S. forces will report tneir
names at these Headcvarters i nmediately.
By command of Mj. Uen. J. fl Foster,
AtsbtaiiL Adjutant General.
Depart" ent North Carol
Rewben, uct. 10, iff
GKNERAIj ORDERS KO. 49.
Ail officers, men and citizens are strictly forbid
den to go on board of any of the steamers arriving
at this port by means of bonis or otherwise, until
the vessel M (jrnperly secured to the wharf.
The Provost Marshal will see that this order is
implicitly obeyed and that no one except persons
connected ith these Headquarters nnd with the
office of Capt Slaght, A. Q- M.. will be allowed to
pooii board under any pretext whatever.
By command of Mnj Gen Fo tkb,
Assistant Adjulaut General.
H JC A noi" A H.TEH.S
Department North Carolina
2fewbrne. N. C. Sept. b, I8i
The great and unnecessary waste of gas in the
quarters occupied by the officer and men of thiaj
cnuiuituu, cane ioi intuit uiuiu antiuiuu auu ii'iiu-
The expense of making gs, is, of course, large,
and paid, mainly, by the Government.
Soldiers in quarters, are sntject to the same
rules a s to lights, as if in enmp, and Company Com
manders will see thar they are strictly carried out.
OfficHis are enjoinea to see that aw little waste as
possible takes place, in their respective quarters.
Hv order wf Mai, Gen. J. G. Foster.
SOTJTHAKD HOFFMAN, Asst. Adj. Gen.
Hkaoqca1 tk s, )
Department of North C rolinn,
New Berne, Sept. 24, ISfci.
SPECIAL ORDERS, NO 5f.
Captain Daniel Meswoger, A. Q. M., is hereby
ordered to investigate and examine into the ship
ments from this point of cotton, Ate, since the oc
cupation of New Berne by our forces.
He wiil endeavor to discover who have shipped,
and bow. cotton seised by the V. S. Government,
and sent away without proper authority.
All officers of the army will arl-od Capt. Messen
ger any facility in the discharge of this duty.
Ify command of Mai Gen. J G F- ster
JOHN F. ANDERSON.
Lic ut, and Actios; Ass't Adj t General.
Head Qi auteus,
Department of North Carol
Newborn, Sept 16, lSti:
SPECIAL ORDERS No. 38
The firing of cannon or mnsketry at thi port for
practice, in hereby discontinued except by special
order from thee Headquarters,
By command of M. Gon. Foster:
Ass't Adj t Gen.
Department of North Carolina
New Rein. Aug. 3d, 1862.
GENERAL ORDERS No. 8
All Vessels are forbidden to leave any port in this
Department and take uny person of color who did
not arrive on the vessel, or who ban not a pass from
the General or other officer commanding, or from
the Military Governor.
All vessels of every description violating this or
der will be liable to confiscation and her master wi'I
be severely punished.
No vessel shall have any port in this Department
until the master hU take an oath that he has not
any such pursoa on board and will not allow any
such person to come or remain on board.
It is tltR duty t the Harbor master or other per
son thereunto appointed to read a copy of this order
to every master of a vessel after she shall be ready
losail and see that the oath above mentioned has
Itshall be the duty of the master of every vessel
to make a written report during every voyage of
the names of -every person on board said vessel du
ring said voyage, except soldiers in service, and to
preserve said report till called for by the Provost
Marshal or other officer authorized to receive it.
Uy commando!" .VI uj General J. f; Foster:
SOUTH VKD HOFFMAN,
Ass't Adj t Gen.
Headquarters , Department of N. C. ?
New Berne, Jane I - I8ti2 J
Dr. J. G. Tull, is hereby appointed City Inspec
torof New Berne, with power to assess and collect
rents and gns rates, and will be obeyed and respect
By command of Gov. Stanly:
J.LYMAN VAN BUREN, Military Secretary
Department op North Carot.ixa, 1
Quartermasters Department. -Newborn,
Sept. 26, ltV?. )
Special Not ice to Gompattie quarter tt town,
1. The ;rns must be turned off from all burners in
Company quarters, at the proper hour for the ex
tinguishment of lights, and but one light will be
used in the hall during the night, and WOi turned
2. Company officers will see that this order is
carried out , and that all diligence is used in econo
3. Officers quartered in town will not use any
more burners nor continue Sights later than is abso
lute necessary, in their own quarters.
By command of Maj Gen. J. G. Foster,
JAS. C SLAGHT, Capt. and A. Q. M
Department of North Carolina
New Berne, April 28, 18b:
GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 28,
Whoever, after the issue of this order shall, with
in the limits to which the Union Arms may extend
in this Department, utter one word against the Gov
ernment of these United States, will be ut once ar
rested aud closely confined. It mutt be distinctl
understood that this Department is under Martial
Law, and treason expressed or implied, will meet
with a -peedy punishment.
The Military Governor of New Berne is charged
with the strict execution of this order, within the
bounds of his control.
By command of M.Jor Genera Bun. side:
Asa't Auj't General.
Provost Marshal's Office,
Newborn, Jan. 12, 18t. 5
Hereafter, no citizen wiil be allowed to purchase
spirituous linhors, without u permit trom the Pro
Nothing can he shipped from this Port except by
order of the Chief Quartermaster.
Whilst every facility will be afforded to persons
engaged in legitimate business in this city, and at
tempts at export ion in prices, or monopoly of such
articles as may be necessary to the comfort of the
troops, will deprive the offender of his license to
sell. Any trader refusing to accept in payment
United States Treasury Notes will be reported to
the Provost Marshal.
All persons having tilth or rubbish of any kind
in their yards or lots, wiil at once deposit the same
in a barrel or box in the street, so that it may be re
J Owners and occupants of Houses and Stores, will
I be held strictly responsible for the condition id' the
j side walks in front of their buildings, and must also
take care that no dirt or rubbish is deposited in the
which must be kept free, to prevent the
accumulation of water in the streets.
DANIEL MESSING EK,
! Has been established at the foot
. for the landing of all kinds
! brought into this City for sale : r
vent monopoly, no person will u
of Pollock street
produce that is
id in order to pr. -red
. isions. Every
st ail any ol such produce or j
one will be allowed t
charge a lair and reasonable
rvision of the Council of Ad
p ice. unaer tne suj
mimxtrati of this"Corps Armee. No boats i;i
bealhtwi : laud nt any other place in t'tirs Cit y. tor
the sale cf produce or provisions. Any violation of
this 01 Jer wiil subfect the boat and ctntents t con
fine li i i r tt bem fit of the Hospital This older
will go iuto effect on Monday next, the thirtieth day
of J one.
DANIEL MESSING ER,
-a fresh assortment
NEWBEUN. N. C, SATURDAY, JANUARY 31, 1803.
Provost Marshal's Office
Newbem, Jan. 12, i863 J
The duties of the sentijels, in nddrtion to the
duties laid rinwn in the Army Regulations, will ba
to preserve order within the' limits of their beat,
to see that no property is injured.no houses entered
without proper uuthoi ity, no citizen abased or in
uulted ; that, no poldier passes iiis post without a
pass from the Colonel of bis regiment; that no sai
lor passes his post with jut a pass from the eaptain
of his ship, and tiiat, alter daik, neither soldier
nor sailor be allowed to pa?s.
Every soldier or sailor found in the streets after
daik.wil! be arrested, the Sergeant of the frdsfd
(ailed, and the offender handed over to him, to be
pond Acted to the Guard House. All disorderly per
sons at any time, will be arrested and handed over
to the Sergeant of the Guard.
In ease of any disorderly or rioious persons re
fusing to obey the orders of the sentinel, the senti
nel shall use his arms, if the offender canuot be .se
cured in any other way. To resist or assault a sen
tinel, is one of the gravest of military offences, aud
will subject the offender to severe punishment.
Commiwaloned Officers do not require a pass, but
no one will be recognized a- an officer. without his"
uniform, and the shoulder straps, which indicate his
rank. Gold lace on the sleeve of a naval officer is
an evidence of rank as an officer.
No officer of the Guard or Sentinel has authority
to release from arrest any Prisoner of the Provost
Guard. The non-commissioned Officer or Sentinel
in charge of Prisoners will be held respousible tor
No pass for a soldier or sai'or is good, except it be
countersigned by the commanding oflioer of his
regiment or vessel. Any soldier or sailor without
a pass property countersigned, will be arrested and
confined in the Guard House.
No person is allowed to sell spirituous liquors to
soldiers, sailors or liegrous. upon any pretext what
ever An attempt to evade this order will be treat
ed with the same severity as an open violation of
it. Any person seunnrtoa commissioned umcer,
upon an order purporting to come from him, will be
held responsible for the genuineness of the order
All Sutlers are prohibited from selling Liquors by
the glass to any Commissioned, non-comra ssioned
officer, or private soidier, sailor or citizen. Any
violation of this order will subject the party offend
ingto a heavy tine as well as forfeiture of his piivi
leye to keep a St .-re in the city of Newbern.
No parcel can be sent by Kxpress except by a
Special Hermit from the Provost Marshal.
No person dhnll water a horse or mule within
fifty feet ot a pump.
no person shall wash at a pump, or clean fish,
ur deposit tilth of any kind, at or n--ar a pump
Citizens will be allowed to pass and repass in the
city during good behavior until nine o'ciock P, M.
Alter nine o'clock no pass is good except a special
one from the Provost Marshal, or from Uead Quar
ters. The Provost Marshal, is instructed to allow no
one from without our lines to land in this city, unless
tney come here to trade ; and all such persons must
tie made to land at soul s given point, ami no where
else A guard of several men must be placed there,
aud those people be allowed no communication with
the citizens of Newborn except in the presence ot
one of the guard; and they must not be allowed to
go ubout tlie city. if they want to trade at the
stores, a party of them can go nt a time, under
charge of a guard. These orders must be strictly
A 1' persons arriving in this city to trade will imme
diately report themselves" at tlie office of the Pro
vost Marshal; and no boats aro allowed to land at
any whaif or dock, except those nt the foot of Pol
lock street. All strangers found in the city, who
have not reported as above ordered, wili be arrested
and dealt with summarily.
All persons are forbid hitching Horses to any of
the Trees in the City, aud all the Seutii.els are in-
stiuctcd to seize ail annuals that are found ui
violation of this order. H
All persons are forbid firing guns, pistols, or can
non, in any of the streets, lanes, alleys, or lots
within this city. No fireworks will be burnt or
fired unless by a special permit of the Provost Hur
Whereas many non commissioned officers and
privates who arc upon detached sei vice, clerks,
teamsters and orderlies, are in the habit of
leaving off their proper uniforms and appearing in
officers undress, or citizen's apparel, very much to
the prejudice of good order aud discipline o:' the
service, it is hereby ORDERED,
That all such persons at once appear in their
proper uniforms, or they will be Lii retted and pun
ished. All negroes are forbidden to wear the button of
the Army end all officers are hereby enjoined to
see that their servants comply with this regulation.
Ilereaftt r no fences, or parts of fences, in this
town, shall be removed without the written order ot
Capt. Daniel Hessinger. Div, Or. Mastei.
Fast driving (by officers or men) is strictly pro
hibited witfii the limits of the city. Sentries wiT
arrest all violating his order.
Hereafter dead horses mut be taken hy the Tieg
imeut. Battery, A.c. to which tiiey belong, at least
one mile from town aud at once buried the grave
to be not less than six feet deep.
Regiments, Batterie, &c, will at once take the
necessary steps to bury such dead horses im lie
longed totheirrespective commands, und at present
Commanding officers will see to the full and
prompt carrying out of this order.
By order of Maj. Gen. J. G. FOSTER,
Com. 18th Army Corps.
H KAOQI" ARTEHS, 1
Department of North Carolina, V
New Kerne, Sept. 24, 1?6!. )
GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 41
No vehicles whatever will be allowed to pass
over the R. R Itiiilire. without a pass from these
Headquarters, or the Provost Marshal.
By commaud of Maj. Gen. J. G. Foster,
JOHN F. ANDERSON,
Acting Assistant A'ijutuut General.
18th Army Corps,
New Berne, Jan. 21, 1SG3.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 30.
No person except offieara and men of the Army l,
anil rtavy (il tlie Liuteu htates oeing entitled, by
the Regulations, to wear the uniform or huttous of
either service, it is hereby prohibited foi any per
son, sutler or otherwise, to wear any portion of the
unitorm of any branch of the United States service
in this Department, except hy special pet nut from
No person is allowed to buy uniforms, or parte of
uniform, blankets ot equipments from soldiers or
It is not allowed to tell citizen's clothing to enlist
ed men of the Army and Navy, except aodevcloth
iug Any violation of this order wiil he severely
The Provost Marshal is charged Vith the strict
enforcement of this order.
By commaud of Slaj.-Gea. J. G. Foster,
Asst. Adjt. (ien.
J. B. nil.lTAKIi
On und ull-r Dec
1st trains will leave as follows .
Leave Newhern 9 A- M.
Newport. to '-.'5
" Newport Barracks n..'Jj
11 Carolina City ..11
Arrive Herehead 11.15
Leave Morel; ead 1 00 p. M.
" Carolina City 1.15
" Newport Barracks l td
11 Newpoi t I .-'-O
" Havelock '- 15
4 Croatan''. -2.5
' Newbern 3.15
Stop on signal.
All ire- passes on this Road will be void after
Monthly Passes will he issued on and afer that
date, to all persons entitled to permanent transporta
tion, to be obtained only r.t t'lis Office, and of tl.e
Assistant Quarter-master at More bead Xo Pkkson
wiil be Hlk w -d to travel on trie Kuad without a pads
or ticket. This rule will be strictly adhered to.
J AMES C. SLAGHT, Capt, & A Q. M,
New hern, Dee. 1, 186
TT"0 -R TKE PEOPI-.Ei.
Oh." could there in this world be fonnd,
Some little spot of happy ground,
Where village pleasures might go round,
Without the village tattling;
How doubly blest that place would be,
Where all might dwell at liberty.
Free from the bitter misery
Of gossips' endless prattling.
If such a spot were really known.
Dame Peace might claim it as her own ;
And iu it she might fix her throne
Forever and forever
There like a queen might reign nnd live,
While every one would soon forgive
Tbe little slights they might receive.
And be offended never.
'Tis mischief makers that remove
Far from our hearts the warmth of love,
And lead us all to disapprove
What gives another pleasure.
They seem to take one's part.
They've heard our cares, unkindly then
They soon retail them all again,
Mixed with their poisonous measure.
And then they've such a ennning way
Of telling their ill-meant tales ; they say
'Don't mention what I say. I pray;
I wo lid not tell another "
Straight to your neighbor's house they go,
Narrat:ng everything they know,
And break the peace of high and low.
Wife, husband, friend aud brother.'
Oh ! that the mischief making crew
Were all reduced to one or two.
And they were painted red or blue.
That every one might know them !
Then would our villages forget
To rage and quarrel, fume and fret.
And fall into an nngry pet
With things so much below them.
For 'tis a sad degrading art
To make another bosom mart,
And plant a dagger in the heart
We ought to love and cherish !
Then let us evermore be found
In quietness with all around,
While friendship, joy nnd ponce abound,
And angry feelings perish !
Jlu.xsarro of the Cicrmans in Texui.
f Translated from the Gtilccstou Union, a German
paper, established since the occupation of that
place by the Union farces.
Near the origin of the Grand Capo and
Piedruales on Johnston's Creek, several
American and two German families settled
but two years ago. Contending against the
roughness of the soil and the wild Indians,
ll...- lt-i,l rr I.!.' iccint nACilrnn Kn t flic
j . ' C .i i next day he sent his message to the Council
peisevered, conscious of their courage and I , J. . , , " , .
St . , -j-... j ,i i , ,.ir I alone, but that body returned it, accotn-
Ihar intrepidity, and the lower settlements . , . , . ',
j t .i . . .i i. j i , cc- panied By a resolutton informing the Gov
o wed it to them that they had less to sutler 1 - . . . , c .
from the raid of the Ind'ans. These bor-
iipr innnliifants received but tittle news
.bcnt the condition of the country and the
Events of the war. All at once they were
lotified to pay war taxes and to drill. The
irst demand they could not comply with,
localise they had no money, not even corn
neal for their families, and the last order
hey could not obey because they lived so
Kstant from each other and their absenee
vould leave their families without protec
ton. For these reason? they were considered
Virion men, and Captain Duff, a notorious
nwdy, was next sent against the 'etllers
vith a company of Texans. They asked
the protection of their friends, but had to
iy from the overpowering number of iheir
me rules to the mountains. Many Germans
ind Americans were arrested andimpi ison
;d in Fredericksburg, and Captain Duff
vas reinforced by 400 men to operate suc
essfully against the German Abolitionists,
md hunt up the Yankees. The soldiers
igain visited Johnson's creek, but found
he most of the settlers had fled to the
nountains. Frederick Dcgener alone they
urprised, sleeping under the porch of his
louse, but awakened by the cries of distress
(f his wife and the discharge of muskets
if his enemies, who fired fourteen shots
jfter him, he fortunately made his escape.
His house was ransacked and all niove
ible property taken off. Other farms in
the neighborhood were also searched, the
taken prisoners and tlie limi.yi.
Iwrnt down. Upon the news ot these
events Fred. Degencr and other fugitives
concluded to fly to Mexico ; more exiles
joined them, and soon they had a company
ol sixty-eight men, But they travelled too
sl.jwly, and before daybreak one morning j
tlcv were surprised bv two hundred ex-
ats. After a most determined resistance
tley were defeated, and only twelve of
them, covered with wounds made good
All fucitives which afterwards fell into
the hands of the enemy were hung up.
Among these sixty-eight men only five were
Americans, the others all Germans. A tew
of the fugitives escaped across the Rio
Grande ; o rs wandering in the moun
tains and suffering extreme hunger, sought
protection among American families, but
were handed over to their persecutors and
shot or hung.
To this news, Dr. Adolph Deual, a cele
brated German traveller, who for many
rears had lived in that country, makes the
following notes :
"We know personally, the most of these j
Unfortunate victims, which have been mur-
dered so mercilessly, not bee. use
rebelled against the Government, 1
cause they would not act against the 1
and would rather fly to Mexico. These
mnrdererl ITnion men were some of the i
greatest benefactors of the State ; they had
done the hardest pioneer work in it, cleared
it from the wild basts and Indians; they
liml cnrml it in civilization through moicihaby
than one period ot pestilence ana famine ;
secured as borderers their present pcrsecu-
tors, tlie slaveholders, against the invasion
of Indians, and done the best service as
volunteers in the Mexican war and the wars
on the frontier. They placed the arts and
sciences in Texas as well as they could b
found anywhere among the American Ger
mans. They furnished tlie proof that they
could cultivate sugar and cotton without
the least damage to health, and increased
the riches of the country many millions of
The above related events are their re
ward for it. Hundreds who succeeded in
making their escape roved about the woods,
having lost everything, some even their
families. Hundreds are now chased like
wild beasts through the wilderness of
Northwestern Texas, and succumb because
of the most horrid tortures, their fate never
being known to their fellow-men.
X Civil Ditticuliy in Dukotuli Ter
ritory. A special dispatch to the Chicago Tri
bune, from Iowa City, Dec. 25ih, says:
Intelligence has just been received hern
of a queer dead lock in the proceedings of
the Legislature of Dakotah Territory.
Both branches of that body convened in
seventh session at the new capitol building
in Yankton on the 1st of December. The
Council effected an immediate organization,
but in the IJouse six of the fourteen mem
bers were oontestants, and for six days
there were but eight sitting members.
These members were equally divided in
political sentimeii, and for five days the
Uallotings for speaker stood four to four.
At last A. J. Harlan, (Dem.,) was elect
u ' eal 'r, at I M. ''.. Smith, Clerk. Four
r 'tstcd scats were soon after tilled,
making tne whole number of Representa
tives twelve. On the 9th inst.. six of the
members, feeling themselves :igricved at
what they denominated the arbitrary ru
lings of the Speaker, withdrew in a body
from the hall, leaving the House without a
quorum. The seceders, with three contes
tants, subsequently assembled at the hall,
were sworn in by Gov. Jayne, and effected
an organization. Thus there were two
distinct I'ouses of Representatives, each
claiming to be legal, one devoted to the inte
rests of Gov. Jayne, and the other to Todd.
On the 10th instant, the Council and the
minority House, both being of the Todd
persuasion, met in joint convention iw
notified the Governor that they were ready
to receive ins tocssage. tie sent uacK an
answer to Hie affect that he did not recog
nize the House as a legal body, and, there
fore, had no communication to make. The
ra , '"-' "'"J -
ses. 1 bus matters have remained until the
present time. The real contest is waged
with reference to the Delegateship of the
Territory in the next Congress. Jayne
was elected last fall by a clear majority,
but Todd claims that fraudulent votes wore
cast, and the legislature is a dead lock,
occasioned by the scramble for the certifi
cate. Up to the latest dates from Yankton
there were no signs of yielding on either
Arrival of Rcfugci's fVoui Georgia.
The Louisville Journal says : Nine gen
tlemen, all residents of Whitfield county,
North Georgia, arrived in this city last
evening, having fled from rebel oppression.
They crossed the Tennessee river at a point
near the mouth of the lliawassee, and from
thence crossed the mountains into Kentucky.
They give a fearful account ot the state of
affairs in the .South. The reign of terror
is complete, and they assure u? that it is
worth as much as a man's life to withhold
his sympathies from the rebellion. The
actual necessities of life are beyond the
reach of families in ordinary circumstances,
as the bill of current prices will indicate.
These gentlemen inform us that pork is
selling in Northern Georgia at 30 cts. per
pound, salt at 1 75 per pound, corn at !?2
to 63 per bushel, wheat T per bushel,
sugar at 75 cents per pound, shoes at 10
dozen, chickens $1 each, and other nrtl les
The scarcity of salt is so great that many
nersotis make use of the dirt in their smoke
houses which has been saturated with salt,
extracting the saline matter from it, where-
with to cure their meats
lticre is also
great suffering in the rebel army, and the
Augusta Chronicle asserted recently that a
body of two thousand six hundred troops
marched into Richmond without shoes.
Commissions have bfen appointed in some
districts to take an account of the amount
of corn and other produce iu the possession
of the residents, w ho are not permitted in
any case to hold more than is necessary
for their subsistence until the next crop
shall have matured, and, if a family should
be found to be tinctured with loyalty to the
Federal Government, all their means of
. , , . , ,r,
subsistence is seized and confiscated. 1 hose
refugees in their Might from renci oppression
traveled in the by-ways night and day,
sometimes navins -mides as much as thirty
dollars for their services a single in
i such horrid anticipa
1 husband said when the
- him would be joined to his wife
ithcr world, never more to be separated
m her. " Parson. 1 hope y:ou will not mention
3 unpleasant circumstance -again,' sa.d he-
Tiv clergyman of a small living iu Yorkshire,
r,-i one occasion, received no lee lor marrying a
, . ., -lmonious couple, nnd meeting them twelve
I m nths after at a social gathering, took up their
I beiievo I have a moitg
i age, en mis uiun. utu imm. i... .......
, nn exp;ailation before thj company, ouiellv
age OB this elnla.
I'.,!,,.-.. . I.r ti.m,,
banded over a sovereign.
Opi-rnlini of Hi- lluubool saagaiiioic.
The following account of an expedition sent
out from the gunboat Sagamore, from Key
West, about a month ago, we find in the cor
respondence of the Philadelphia Bulletin :
"The expedition first visited Tort Capron,
(a fort built during the Indian war) but find
ing there nothing of import, proceeded down
the river. We bad gone about seven miles,
when pn jecting behind the trees a mast was
seen. The word then was, 'Give way. boys,
we've got 'eni this time,' and tbo bo3's did
1 give way,' I assure you. On neanng the
hiding place, discovered the mast belonging to
a sloop, and at this moment H boat was leaving
her for the shore, but one shot from the ho.vit
zcr changed her course, and she returned to
the sloop. On arriving a litilc nearer, and
rounding the point; discovered nicely slowed
awav in the cove a schooner. The bovs were
now in hijh spirits, the boats were soon on the
spot, and the two vessels were taken posses
sion of. They proved to be the sloop Ellen
and schooner Agnes, both hailing from Nassau.
They had, however, landed their cargoes of
silt, and were waiting for a return cargo of
i he staple. We relieved them from further
trouble and anxiety.
Having a head wind, we were not able to gei
the vessels out the same night. So, after de
molishing two fine jiorlers captured early in
the day, v.. ' turned in.' Before sunrise the
following morning we up anchor and away.
They came safely out, aud were scut, to Key
West. Everything passed serenely on until Monday
morning, the 1st inst., when the exciting
words 'Sail ho!' came from the fore-top.
' Where away ?' 'Two points on the starboard
bow.' Up anchor, and away we go to lonk
after the stranger. She is a schooner, and has
the English ensign flying a good siyrt for us.
On seeing us she changes her course; away
she goes on the wind; a shot or two from our
Parrott, and she tacks again, making as though
beating down the coast ; but the trick don't
take. We are soon alongside, when, in answer
to the hail, 'Where bound?' he replies 'Key
AVest.' He told the truth, but I rather think
against his inclinations. She sailed under tho
r!iisiic name of ' By George ! ' Cargo coffee,
salt, medicines, &c. Finding the poor fellow
so much out of his course, we kindly sent an
officer and men on board to see him safely to
Happening to drop in at Jupiter Inlet a few
days since, discovered two small sloops hidden
away in the mangrove boshes; they were soon
destroyed. The rebels used them for lighter
ing cargoes up asd down tberivcr.
We think the Sagamore i.o !ji:iyed her part
pretty well up to date."
An Extexsive Salt Mine ix WKSTEn.v
Loi'isiANA A correspondent of the New York
Times, with a pa.'t cf the Gulf bhckadii squad
ron on the Louisiana coast relates the following :
"Along the Gulf coast bounding this particular
part of the State are numbers :-f islands, some of
which rise to a considerable height from out tho
low swamp marshes with which they ate sur
rounded. One of these islands, known as Petite
Anse. aid entirely rami liar with the residents of
tho vicinity as being a place famous for saline
earths, terns out to be a rock of solid salt, pnssi
bly some I wo lurtidred and fifty feet high,, w here
the mineial is quarried out in iarrje pieces resem
bling cakes of ice. It was these ''salt works"
o:n. I'uchsi an. some time since, with the gun
boats Diana. Kinsman, and the St. Mary's with
the 'Ulst Indiana on board, attempted to destroy,
the result of which was the buildings were torn
down, but the vast mine of salt still remains
The salt spring on this island, as it was termed
has been known for years, but it was hut until
a few mouths ago that it was discovered that this
supposed spring was merely the rin wafer set
tling in hollows of a solid salt rock. The salt in
its natural bed is as clear as glass iu fact, it
seem as if you could look a vast distance into
its solid heart. When it is blasted out. m pieces
resembling ice. it assumes a dull yellow color,
hut grinds up whiter than most salt, aud is so
thoroughly saline in its properties that even a
gn.in or two leavrs a stringent laste iu the mouth,
the immense value of this mine of wealth can
scarcely be realized. A million dollars was offer
ed to its owner hy a company of persons in tho
neighborhood, but refused. This island of salt
possibly three or four miles long and one wide,
of irregular form, aud covered from fifteen to
twenty feet with rich soil bears on its surface
pecau and live oak trees.
When I goes a shopping." said an old lady.
I ah'ers ask for wh- t J wants, and if ihey haro
it, and it is suitable, and I fe-1 inclined to taka
it, and it's cheap, aud it can't be got at any place
for less. I almost allots 'ako it, without chafiering
all day. as most people do."
A Torcn i;f the Pathetic How near akin
laughter is to tears was shoun when Rubens,
with a single stroke of his brush, turned a laugh
ing child in a painting to one crying , and our
mothers, without being great painters, have often
brought us. in tike manner, from joy to grief by
a single stroko.
A baker, w ho is continually troubled with in
quiries respecting the time, was asked the other
day Please, sir. will you tel! me what time it is ?
Why, I told you the time not a miHUte ago,
said the astonished baker. 'Yes sir,' replied th
lad, ' but this is for another woman.'
A gentleman, one evening, was seated near a
lovely woman, when the company ttround him.
were proposing conundrums frt each other. Turn
ing to his companion, he said, ' Why is a lady
u n ! ike a mirror T' She ' give it up.' 'Because,
said the rude fellow, a mirrnr reflects without
speaking, a lady speaks without reflecting.'
And hy r.ta yon unlike a mirror? asked the
LfjJ.V-' Hfl C.o'll'' I'Qt tfll ' gwJIM - nrw
unpolished. the gentleman owneo inero was
one la v ho did nut speak without both reflect
ing at; i casting reflections.
One 'i ti e witnesses in the South Leith caso
complained that Mr. Phin read his sermons; and
on the question being put to him, ' Do sermons
that are not read edify you most 7' he convulsed
the court hy replying ' I consider that if minis
ters cannot remember their own si rmons. it is
perfectly unreasonable to expect their hearers to
' 1 am an unlucky man, gentlemen.' exclaimed
a poor fellow. ' If I were to seize time by the
forelock. I do believe it would come right out,
and leave him as bare as a barbers block.'
A famous mnsician, who had made his fortnno
by mai riage. being requested to sing to the com
pany, replied ' Permit me to imi'ate the night
ingale, which never sings alter he has made his
A journalist, whose wife had just presentoa
him with twins, and who, for this rason, was
compelled to neglect his paper for one day wrote
I the day after, the following excuse: We were
11I11)ble to isMe our papcr yesterday, in consc-
. qUence 0f the arrival ot two extra males,
. -entleman called at the bonse of aa hones
' obi ladv for the uurnose of collecting a smali
debt. Net recollectir the amount, h- promise!
to send his bill that ev ning The o.d woman,
nnnosinff that he ment his son William, replied.
i 'Oh. ia ! our Sarah Di .. : t np with any one yet ;
j but if Bill's a clever I , Ihey may have a Era
i in t'other room.'
A respectable gentleman doesnt like fo have a
i charge levelled against him, especially if il is iu
' A man was recent'y convicted in Kerry for
! stealing his neighbor's cow and hiding i' iu his
cellar. It was a cowardly mode of cow biding.
Have yon WmtU on the Mind .' inquired a ens
mrt of a booksell rs apprentice. 'No. sir.'
' replied the young (irccn.
4 the haul.'
Hat I uaye wniVi oa.