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OFFIOI A T i.
GENKUAt. 'OKUEUS. NO. 107.
Wor Oepartnent, Adjutant General's Office, )
Waitttiv ctiu Align. 10, 18i'2. f
I. Officers of the rec"lar army will, iw (retiernl
ru'e. receive leaves ot absence ti accept t ti rank
of Colonel in volunteer regiment, bul not lower
grade. Non commissioned uflieers and privnte
will be discharged on receiving commissions in
It. Theoatliof allegiance will not beadmintered
to anr person against his own will ; it mut in all
case be a voluntary art on bin part. Nor will nnv
conipolxory parole of lionor be received. Hut
oaths taken, and paroles' given, to avoid arrest.
detention, imprisonment, or expulsion, are volun
tarv or free acta, and cannot be regarded a com
pulsory. All pergoDS guilty of violating audi oatbs
or paroles will be pnnisbed according to tbe laws
and usages ol war.
III. The laws of tlie United States and the gen
aril laws of war. authorise, in Pertain eas.s, th
seizure and conversion of private property for tlie
absistence transportation, and ottier uses of tbe
army ; bnt this must be distinguished from pillage :
ana the taking ot property tor pitortc purposes is
Very different from its conversion to private uses
AH pr perty lawfully taken from the enemy, or
Irom the nihabitants ol an enemy sconntry,msiani
ly beoomes public pmpertv. ami must be used and
aoesunted tor as inch. The 52d Article of War
authorizes the penalty of death for pillage or plun
dering, and other articles authorize severe punish
ments tor an v officer or soldier who shall sell, em-
bezzle, misapply, or waste military stores, or who
nui pvrillll toe wsie or iiiiKnpjiticatiufi ti nrjrnut:"
panlic property. The penalty is tbe same whether
the offence be committed in our own or in an
IV. All pmperty, public or private, tnken from
lleged enemies, must oe ir.vonuinea anu amy ac
ounted for. If the property taken be claimed as
private, receipts must be given to such claimants
or their ?ent. O dicers will be held strict K ac
countable for all property taken by thrmor by their
authority, and it must be returned for, the same as
anr other public property.
V. Where fora-intr narties are sent out for pro
visions or other stores, the commanding officer of
uch party will be held accountable tor the cf.nrturt
of his command, and will make a trne report of all
VI. No officer or soldier will, without authority,
leave bis colors or ranks, to take private prnjierty,
or to enter a private house for that purpose. All
auch acts are punishable with death, and au officer
who permits them is equally as guilty as the actual
VII. Commanding officers of armies and corps
will be held responsible for the execution of tnese
orders in their respective commands.
liy command of Major General Halleck,
iiexcrai-in-Chwf of the Arm? .-
E. I. TOWNSEND,
Ailant Adjutant Central,
Head Quarters, 1
Departm nt of North Carolina,
Newbcrne, Nov. 29, 1SG )
SPECIAL ORDER. NO. 183.
Rev. Jamos Means, is hereby appointed Super
intendant of all the 'Slacks in tllis Department. The
chiefs of tho different Departments having blacks
under their charge, will report to him; and be will
be obeyed and respected ic all matters connected
with tbe negroes in this command.
By command of Mai. Gen. .1. O. Fostfr.
Assistant Adjutant General.
In accordonoe with the above Order, nil those
who employ Blacks in the public service in this
Department wili report tome, monthly, tlicirnaines.
employment, number of days work, with dates, and
rate of pay, beginning with December.
Office. Mi-tcalf street, corner of New street.
JAMES MEANS, Superintende t ot Blacks.
Departhest of Nohth Carolina, )
Newberne, Dec. HI, 18o. f
An export duty of five per cent, on all cotton and
hides, and on all naval stores, and oi. all wood and
lumber, shipped from any port in this Department
Will be charged from this dale.
Masters of vessels carrying any of tbe articles
above named, must exhibit their freight list to the
everal Chief Qnartor-Manteis, at these ports, be
fore they can obtain a clearance.
The amounts due for the duty , will be paid to said
Suarter-Masters, or in their abeence to the Provost
arshal, until further rders.
AU orders heretofore issued in relation to export
duties, are annuJlud, by order of 3Iaj. Gen. Foster.
Bt order of Governor Stanly.
On and after this date al) persona are forbid bring
ing to thin city for unle, any Tar, Pitch. Ko in. Tur
pentine, Cotton. Shingle or Wood, without a writ
d permit from the owners thereof, -which permit
must be count 5rniened by the Provost Martihal, who
Will ascertain before countersigning whether the
owners of satt articles are loyal. And all trader
ere hereby enjoined not to purfrhn.se or sell any ot
the above articles in violation of this order.
By command of Gov. Edward Stanlv :
Department ot North Carolina
New Heme, Sept. I'J, ISoi
After tbe 15th day of September only 2 clerk in
ach of the Department Offices will be allowed to
commute their rations at 75 cents per day.
All other detailed men will, after that date, either
draw their ration? or commute them at tbe cost of
the ration at this piwt.
Each mess of 6 detailed men will be allowed one
cont rabnnd aa cook, whose pay will be eight dol
lars per month.
Jiy command of Waj. Gen. J. G-. Foster :
A&ittant Adjutant General.
II EAnQcARTK its.
Department of North Carolina
Newlieme, November 21 18t"
GENERAL OKUEUS. No. 57.
Hereafter no negroes will be allowed to cut Wood
within the limits of this Department, without a
written permission from His Excellency, Edward
Stanly, Military Governor, or f-om tlie owners of
the land on which such wood is cut, except such
negroes are employed by the Quarter Masters De
partment to cut wood for the use of the Troops in
By command oi Mnj. Gen. J. G. Foster.
Asst. Adjt. General.
' Ql'AKTERS, i
ember :.'8, 18b. )
Department of N
New Heme, Novem
Special notice dated Nov. 18rli. relieving Cnptain
Daniel Messinger from duty, as I nsfector of titles
to Tar, Turpentine, Cotton, and other Merchandise,
having been issued under misapprehension, ie
hereby revoked. Captain Mcaainirer will t ontinue
to perform the duties connected with that office as
By command of Mai. Gen. ,T. G. Foster,
Assistant Adjutant General.
Department of North Carolina,
Newberne, Nov. 17, 1862. J
Philip Pipkin, of this town, is hereby appointed
Inspecterof Tar and Turpentine, and is to be respect
ed as uttfh.
He is authorized to charge ten cents per barrel
All person are forbidden to sell any Tar or Tur
pentine, without having each bairel inspected by
Military Governor of Nerth Carolina.
Department or North Carolina,
New Herne, Sept. 23d. 18C2.
SPECIAL OUDERS. NO 53.
Cpt. Daniel Me.ineer. A. 1 M., is hereby
pointed to investigate titles of property to
shipped from this, port, and will be obeyed and re
By commnnd of MJ. Gen. Foster,
SocTHABn HorrMAN, Asst. Adj. Gen.
Jlilitary Governor of X. C'sro'inn
New Berne. June 2i'i, lStrj.
Dr. J. G. Ti ll will from the d.-iie of this oidi
sume eh at tr' of all vacant and ah.'indom-d h
ititr in Newbern, with power to assign, to least,
rent the same.
Bv command of
J. IiYSfAX Van liuiir.x, Milituiy Se,rctary
IlFAPgr VRTfKS. )
IV part me nt North Cnrnlinn, V
Now H.-rne, Oct. I, 1SC., )
All person, prisoners of wnr to the United St:ites,
now on paroh in this (It-p irtm-Mit. desirous f Iohv
ing t he linos of lite I. S. tones will report their
Dames at these Headquarters i nmediately,
JJy comuiaud of M't. Gon. .1. G. Kostpk,
Assistant Ajutaut GcueraL
-A. 3ST IE "W S P AP E IR. F?0 R THE PEOP L.E.(
VOLUME 5. NEWBERN. N. C, SATURDAY, JANUARY 31, 18G3. NUMBER 96.
OJb'i?'IOIA T .
Departn eiit North Carolina
Hiewbern, Uct. 10,19 v.
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 49.
All officers, men and citizens are strictly forbid
den to go on board of any of the steamers arriving
at this Dort bv means of boats or otherwise, until
the vessel is properly secured to the wharf.
I lie frovost Alarsnal will see tnat tins oraer is
implicitly obe.ied and that no one except persons
connected ith these llendmmrtera nnd with the
office of Capt. Slaght, A. Q. M.. will be allowed to
go on board under any pretext whatever.
iiy couiuiunu ot ill hi tren ro tkb,
Assistant Adjutant General.
Department North Carolina
Newberne. N. C. Sept. M. 183
The great and unnecessary waste of gaj in the
Quarters occuoied bv the officers and men of this
command, calls for immediate attention and correc
tion. The expense of making grs, is, of course, large,
and paid, mainly, by the Government.
Soldiers m nuarters. are sul lect to the same
rules ss to lights, as if in camp, and Company Com
manders will see that they are strictly carriea out.
Uihceis are ei'loinea to see tnat as little waste as
possible takes place, in their respective quarters.
liv oroer or nun. oph. u. rosier.
BOUT1IAKD HOFFMAN, Asst. Adj. Gen.
Department of North C imlino,
New Berne, Sept. 24, IS&2.
Captnin Daniel Meninger, A. Q. M.. is hereby
ordered to investigate and examine into the ship
ments from tins point of cotton, &,c.. since the oc
cupation of New Berne by our forces.
He will endeavor to discover who have shipped,
and how, cotton meized by the V. S. Joverunienr,
and sent away without proper authority.
AU officers of tlie army will anWd Capt. Meggiu
gernny facility in the discharge of thin duty.
By command of Mnj. Gen. J. G- F -ster.
laeut, and Actiug Ass't Aij t General.
Department of North Carol
Nowbftrn, Sept 16. ISti:
SPECIAL OKDEKS No. :iS
The firinc of cannon or musketry at this port for
practice, is liereoy discontinuca except Dy special
order from these Headquarters.
By comiiiano ot Mn?. ucn. p-ster:
Ass t Adj t Gen.
Department of Morth Carolina,
New Bern, Aug. ad, 18G2.
GENEKAL, ORDERS No. 8
All Vessels are forbidden to leave any port inthis
Department and take any persoi. of color who did
not arrive on the vessel, or who hao not a pass from
the General or other officer commanding, or from
the Military Governor.
All vessels ot every description vioiuunjr mis or
der will be liable to confiscation and her muster will
be severely punished.
No vessel shall have any port in this Department
nntil the master si' all take an oath that he has nut
anv such rrorsou on board and will not allow any
such person to come or remain on board.
It is the fluty ot rne naroor master or mer per
son thereunto appointed to read a copy of this order
to every master ot a vsei alter sue snail ie reaiiy
co sail and see that the oath above mentioned has
It shall be the duty of the master of every vessel
to make a written report during every voyage of
the names ol -every person on uonra sam vessel au
ring said voyage, except soldiers in service, and to
preserve said report till called for by the Provost
Marshal or other oflieer authorized to receive it.
By command of .Muj General J. G Foster;
Aas't Adj't Gen.
Headquarter, Department of N. C. ?
New Berne, Jnue 11. I8i2 J
Dr. J. G. Tull, is hereby appointed City Inspec
tor of New Berne, with power to assess and collect
rents and ens rates, and will be obeyed and respect
By command of Gov. Stanly:
J. LYMAN VAN BCREN, Military Secretary.
Departmkxt or Nokth Cakomxa, )
Xewberu, JSept. 1807. )
Special Notice to Companies qttarttTx in town.
1. The gas must be turned off from all burners in
Company quarters, at tlie proper hour for the ex
tingutxhinent of lights, and but one li-ht will be
used in the hail during tbe uight. and that turned
2. Company officer will see that thia order is
carried out, and that all diligence is used in econo
3. Officers quartered in town will not use any
more burners nor continue Hghtts later than is abso
iute necessary, in their own quartern.
By wominaud of Mnj (Jn. J. O. Foster,
JAS. C. SLAGHT, Capt. and A. Q. M
Department of North Carolina
Aew Heme, April Xot ISb.
GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 28.
Whoever, after the issue of this order shall, with
in the limits to which the Union Arms may extend
jn this Department, utter one word acnint the Gov
ernment of these United States, will be at once ar
retted aud closely conhned. It must be distmctl
understood that this Department is under Martial
Law. and treason expresed or implied, will meet
with a -piredy punishment.
The Military Governor of New Berne is charged
with the Htrict execution of this order, within the
bounds ot hits control.
liy eoiimiuud of M.Jor General nurcsitle :
Aso't Auj't General.
Provost Marsh At s Office.
Newbern, Jan. 12, 18rtJ. J
Ilercafter, no citizen will be allowed to purchase
spirituous liquors, without a permit Jrom the Pro
Nothing can be shipped from this Port except by
order of the Cliief Quartermaster.
WhMst every iitciutv will ue altorued to rersons
engaged in leitimatu business in thin city, and at
tempts at ex'oriion iu prices, tr monopoly of such
articles as may be necessary to the comfort of the
troops, will deprive tne onenuer ot ins license t
sell. Any trader refusing1 to accept in payment
United States Treasury Notes will be reported to
the Provost Marshal.
AU persons having tilth or lubbish of any kind
tn their yards or lots, will at once deposit tlie sanre
in a barrel or box iu the street, so that it may be re
Owners and occupant of Mouses and Stores, will
be held strictly responsible for the condition of tlie
sidewalks in front of their buildings, and must also
take care that no dirt or rubbish is deposited in the
Gutters, which must bo kept free, to prevent the
accumulation of water in the streets.
ITisbcen established at he foot of Pollock street
for the landing of nil kinds of procure that i
brought into this City for sale ; r.n! ; rder to pr. -vint
monopoly. Bo person will be wed to fore
stad any of such produce or pi "v.i(irs. Every
one will be allowed to charge a fair and reasonable
p'-U-t;. under the supervision of the Council of Ad
ministrati of thisCorps d'Arnice. No boats v ill
beallowe, l:tnd nt any other place in thrs City.ior
ti e sale ,f proiltiec or provisions. Any violation of
this ; :!er will subject the. boat aud coirtei.ts to cou
rt -c i r . benefit of tiie Ifopital This tuiier
will go into effect uu Monday next, the thirtieth day
of J unc.
) BLE a.
fresh aseortmett t
Provost Marshal's Office
Newbem, Jan. 12, i863 J
The duties of the sentinels, in addition to the
duties laid down in the Army Regulations, will be
to preserve order within the limits of their beats,
to see that no property is injured, no houses entered
witltout proper authoi ity, uo citizen abused or in
sulted; that no soldier passes his post without
pass from the Colonel of his regiment; that no sai
lor passes his post, without a pns from the captain
of his ship, and that, alter dark, neither soldier
nor sailor be allowed to piiss.
Every soldier or sailor found in the streets after
daik.will be arrested, the Sergeant of the guard
called, and the offender handed over to him, to be
conducted to the Guard House. All disorderly per
sons at any time, wil. be arrested and banded over
to the Sergeant of the Guard.
In case of any disorderly or riotous persons re
fusing to obey the orders of the sentinel, the senti
nel shall use his arms, if the offender cannot be,jse
oured in any other way To resist or assault a sen
tinel, is one of the gravest of military offences, and
will subject the offender to severe punishment- -
Commissioned Officers do not renuire a pass, but
no one wid be recognized a- uu officer, without hisi
uuiform, and theshouhierstraps, which indicate his
rank. Gold lace on the sleeve of a naval officer is
an evidence of rank as an officer.
N officer of the Guard or Sentinel has authority
to release from airest any P.isonerof the Provost
Guard. Tlie noH-commis. ioned Officer or Sentinel
in charge of Prisoners will be held responsible for
No pass for a soldier or sai 'or is good, except it be
countersigned by the commanding officer of his
regiment or vessel. Any giddier or tmilor without
a pass properly countersigned, will be arrested and
confined iu the Guard Howe.
No person is allowed to sell spirituous liquors to
soldiers, sailors or negro, ujvon any pretext what
ever An attempt to evade this order will be treM
ed with the same severity as an open violation of
it. Any person seltiug to a Commissioned Officer,
upon an order purporting to come from him, will be
htold responsible for the genuineness of the order
All Sutlers are prohibited from selling Liquors by
the gloss to any Commissioned, nn-comm ssioned
officer, or private soldier, sailor or citizen. Any
violation of this order will subject the party offend
ing to a heavy fine as well as forfeiture of his piivi
lege to keep a otwre in tne city ol Aewoern.
No parcel cun be sent by Express except by a
special permit from tlie Provost Marshal.
No person shall water a horse or mule within
fifty feet ot a pump.
No person shall wash at a pump, or clean fish,
or deposit tilth of any kind, at or n-ar a pump
Citizens will be allowed to pass and repass in the
city during good behavior until nine o'clock P.M.
After nine o'clock no pass is good except a special
one from tbe i1 rove at Marshal, or from Head Quar
ters. The Provost Marshal, is instructed to allow no
one from without oar lines to lnnd in this city, unless
tuey come here to trade ; and all such persons must
bt made to land at some given point, and no where
else A guard of several men must bo placed there,
and those people be allowed no communication with
the cittzeus of Newbern except in the presence of
one of the guard ; and they must not be allowed to
go about the city. if they want to trade at the
stores, a party of tliem can go at a time, under
charge of a guard. These orders must be strictly
AH persons arriving in thia city to trade will imme
diately report themselves at the office-of the Pro
vost Marshal ; and no boats arc allowed to land at
any whaif or dock, except those at the foot of Pol
lock street. All strangers found in the city, vbo
iiave not reported as above ordered, will be arrested
aud dealt with summarily.
All peiuons are forbid hitching Horses to any of
the Trees in tbe City, and all tlie SeutiLels are in-
stiucted to seize ail animals that are found ut I
violation of this order.
All persons are forbid firing guns, pistols, or can
non, in any of the streets, lanes, alleys, or lots
within this city. No fireworks will be burnt or
fired unless by a special permit of the Provost Alar
Whereas many non commissioned officers and
privates who are upon detached sei vice, clerks,
teamsters and orderlies, are in the habit of
leaving off their proper uniforms and appearing in
officers uudress, or citizeu's apparel, verv much to
the prejudice of good order aud discipline o: tLe
service, it is hereby okdkhed,
That all such persons at once appear in their
proper uniforms, or they will be arretted and pun
ished. All negroes are forbidden to wear the button of
the Army end nil officers are hereby enjoined to
see that their servants comply with this regulation.
Hereafter no fences, or pints of fences, in this
town, shall be removed wit hout tlie written order of
Capt. Daniel Messinger. Div. Qr. Mastei.
Fast driving (by officers or meni is strictly pro
hibited withit. t he iimits of the city. Sentries will
arrest all violating this order.
Heieafter dead horses mm-t be taken by the Reg
iment, Ratten', &.C., to which tliey belong, nt least
one mile trom town and at mice buried the grave
to be not less than six feet deep.
Regiments, U Uteric, fec, will at once take the
necessary steps to bury such dead horses us be
longed to their respective commands, and at present
Commanding officers wHI see to the full and
prompt carrying out of this order.
By order of Maj. Gen. J. G. FOSTER,
Com. 18th Army Corps.
H K A nQtT A RTF RS ,
.RTF. R.S, J
nh Carolina, V
t. 24, 1S62. )
Department ot Aon
ew oerne, Sept.
GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 44.
No vehicles whatever will be allowed to pass
over the R. R 1J ridge, without a pass from these
Headquarters, or the Provi-t Marshal.
By coin ni aud of Mn). Gen. J. G. Foster,
JOHN F. ANDERSON,
Acting Assistant Adjutant General.
18th Armv Piirim.
Kcw Berne, Jim. 21, 1803,
GENERAL OKUEUS NO. 30.
No person exempt officers and men of the Army 1
and Navy ol the United States being entitled, by
the Regulation, to wear the uniform or buttous of
either service, it iu hereby prohibited foi any per
son, sutler or otherwise, to wear any portion of the
nnitorm of any branch of the United States service
in this Department, except by tpecial penult from
No person in allowed to bny uniforms, or parts of
unitoruui, blankets ot equipments from soldiers or
It is not allowed to t ell c-itizen's elothinp to enlist
ed men of tiie Army mid Navy, exeepl undercloth
ing Any violation of this order will be severely
The Provost Marshal is charged Vith the strict
enforcement of thia order.
By commaudof Miii.-Gen. J. G. Foster,
Ast. Ariit. (ien.
I - "
V. 8. UII.ITAKV KAII.UOAD.
Onuud U.1W Dev. 1st trains will leave as follows;
Leave Newbern P A- M.
- Croat.iu 9.40
" Havelork 10
" Newport.... 10 25
" Newport Barracks....
" Carolina City 11
Arrive Moreheid . 11.15
iKjave Morehead 1 P0 P. M.
" Carolina Citj I ll
" Newport. Barracks . 1.40
Newport . ...... l.-'-O
" Havelock 2 15
" Croat au' 2.35
" Newbern ;).15
Stop on signal.
All Iree passes on this lload will be void after
M-mUily Passes will he issued on and nt'er that
date, to all persons entitled to i.crnvineiit transporta
tion, to be obta-ned only r.t tSis Oilire, and of tl.e
Assistant Quarter-master at Morehead No Pkksow
will be Hlk w 1 to travel on t:ie linad vitho.it a pass
or ticket. Ti'is rule will he strictly adhered to.
JAMES C. SI-AUIIT, Capt, & A Q. M,
Xewberu, Dje. 1, lSOi. . - . .
Oh '. con Id there in this world be found.
Some little spot of happy groand.
Where village pleasures might go round,
Without tbe village tattling ;
How doubly blest that place would be,
; Where all might dwell at liberty,
Free from the bitter misery
Of gossips' endless prattling.
If such a spot were really known,
Dnnie Peace might claim it as her own ;
" And iu it she might fix her throne
Forever and forever
There like a queen might reign and live,
While every one would soon forgive
The Utile slights they might receive.
And be offended never.
Tis mischief makers that remove
Far from our hearts the warmth of love,
And lead us all to disxpprove
What gives another pleasure.
They seem to take one's part.
They've heard our cares, unkindly then
They soon retail them all again,
Mixed with their poisonous measure.
And then they've such a cunning way
Of telling their ill meant tales; they say
' Don't mention what 1 say, I pray;
I wo lid not tell another. "
Straight to your neighbor's house they go,
Narrat:ng everything they know.
And break the peace of high and low.
Wife, husband, friend and brother.'
Oh ! that the mischief making crew
Were all reduced to one or two.
And they were painted red or bine.
That every one might know them!
Then would our villages forget
To rage nnd quarrel, fume aud fret,
And fall into an angry pet
With things so much below them.
For 'tis a sad degrading art
To make another bosoinmart,
And plant a dagger in the heart
We ought to love and cherish !
Then let us evermore be found
In quietness with all around,
While friendship, joy and peace abound,
And angry feelings perish !
Massacre of the Germans In Tcxa.
Translated from the Galveston Union. a German
ptiper. established sinee the occupation of that
place by the Union forces.
Near the origin of the Grand Cape and
Piedruales on Johnston's Creek, several
American and two German families settled
but two years ago. Contending against the
roughness of the soil and the wild Indians,
they, had no pleasant position, but they'
eeevered, conscious of their courage and
Ihdr intrepidity, and the lower settlements
owed it to them that they had less to suffer
Wrom the raids of the Ind'ans. These bor-
iet inhabitants received but little news
nbcnt the condition of the country and the
Wents of the war. All at once they were
lolified to pay war (axes and to drill. The
irst demand they could not comply with,
lecause they had no money, not even corn
neal for their families, and the last order
hey could not obey becauoe they lived so
listant from each other and their absenee
vould leave their families without protec
tion. Yor these reasons they -were considered
Tnion men, and Captain Duff, a notorious
Dwdy, was next sent against the fetllers
vith a company of Texans. They asked
!he protection of their friends, but had to
iy from the overpowering number of their
memies to the mountains. Many Germans
ind Americans were arrested and impi ison
;d in Fredericksburg, and Captain Duff
vas reinforced by 400 men to perate suc
:essfiilly ngatnst the German Abolitionists,
tnd hunt up the Yankees. The soldiers
gain visited Johnson's creek, but found
he most of the settlers had fled to the
nountains. Frederick Dcgener alone they
'urprised, sleeping under the porch of his
louse, but awakened by the cries of distress
f his wife and the discharge of muskets
f his enemies, who fired fourteen shots
ifter him, he fortunately made his escape.
Uis house was ransacked and all roove
tbte property taken off Other farms in
the neighborhood were also searched, the
families taken prisoners and the- lmnwa
burnt down. Upon the news ot tnese
events Fred. Degener and other fugitives
concluded to fly to Mexico; more exiles
juined them, and soon they had a company
oi sixty-eight men, liut they travelled too
sLiwly, and bpfore daybreak one morning
tier were surprised bv two hundred Tcx-
nts. After a roost determined resistance
lley were defeated, and only twelve of
tlem, covered with wounds made good
All fugitives which afterwards fell into
tho hands of the enemy were hung up.
Among these sixty-eight men only five were
Americans, the others all Germans. A lew
of the fugitives escaped across the Rio
Grande; oiln-is wandering in the moun
tains and suttering extreme hunger, sought
protection among American families, but
were handed over to their persecutors and
shot or hung.
To this news, Dr. Adolph Dcual, a cele
brated German traveller, who for many
years had lived in that country, makes the
following noles :
"We know personally, the most of these
unfortunate victims, which have been mur
dered so mercilessly, not bee;. use t
rebelled against the Government, Iv.t ':
cause they would not act against the I'r.ln,
and would rather fly to Mexico. These
murdered Union men were some of the
greatest benefactors of the State ; they had
done the hardest pioneer work in it, cleared
it from the wild beasts and Indians; they
had saved it to civilization through more
than one period of pestilence and famine;
secured as borderers their present persecu
tors, the slaveholders, against the invasion
of Indians, arid done the best service as
volunteers in the Mexican war and tlie wars
on tlie frontier. Tlicy placed tlie arts ant
sciences in Texas as well as they could b
found anywhere among tlie American Ger
mans. Tliey furnished the procf that thoy
could cultivate sugar and cotton withou
the least damage to health, and increased
the riches of the country many millions of
The above related evenls are their re
ward for it. Hundreds who succeeded in
making their escape roved about the woods,
having lost everything, some even their
families. Hundreds are now chased like
wild beiipts through the wilderness
Northwestern Texas, and succumb because
of the most horrid tortures, their fate never
being known to their fellow-men.
X Civil Difficulty in Dakotuli Ter
A special dispatch to the Chicago Tri
bune, from Iowa City, Dec 25 1 h, says:
Intelligence has just been received here
of a queer dead lock in the proceedings of
the Legislature ot Dakotah Territory.
Jioth branches of that body convened in
seventh session at the new capitol building
in lankton on the 1st of December. The
Council effected an immediate organization
but in the House six of the fourteen mem
bers we-e oontcstants, and for six days
there were but eight sitting members.
These members were equally divided in
political sentiment, and for five days the
ballotings lor speaker stood four to four.
At last A. .1. IT.trlan, (Dem.,) was elect
d cr r:k 'r, rti i M, V. Smith, Clerk. Four
;t i n - contested seats were soon after filled,
making me whole number ot rieprescnta
livcs twelve. On the Sth inst., six of the
members,, feeling themselves agrieved at
what they denominated the arbitrary ru
lings of the speaker, withdrew in a body
from the hall, leaving the House without a
quorum. The seceders, with three contes
tants, subsequently assembled at the hall,
were sworn in by Gov. Jayne, and effected
an organization. Thus there were two
distinct I'ouses of Kepresetitatives, each
claiming to be legal, one devoted to the inte
rests of Gov. Jayne, and the other to Todd.
On the 10th instant, the Council and the
minority House, both being of tho Todd
persuasion, met in joint convention vnl
notified the Governor that they were ready
to receive his message. He sent back an
answer to Hie affect that he did not recog
nize the Uouse as a legal body, and, there
fore, had no communication to make. The
next day he sent his message to the Council
alone, but that body returned it, accom
panied ? a resolution informing the Gov
ernor that his message could only be re
ceived injoi.it convention of the two Hou
ses. Thus matters have remained until the
present time. The real contest is waged
with reference to the Delegateship of the
Icnitory in the next Congress. Jayne
was elected last fall by a clear majority,
but Todd claims that fraudulent votes were
cast, and the Legislature is a dead lock,
occasioned by the scramble for the certifi
cate. Up to the latest dates from Yankton
there were no signs of yielding on either
Arrival of Kefuseos from Georgia.
The Liouisville Journal says : Nine gen
tlemen, all residents of Whitfield county,
North Georgia, arrived in this city last
evening, having fled from rebel oppression.
They crossed the Tennessee river at a point
near the mouth of the Hiawassce, and from
thence crossed the mountains into Kentucky.
They give a, fearful account ot the state of
affairs in the South. The reign of terror
is complete, and tliey assure us that it is
worth as much as a man's life to withhold
his sympathies from the rebellion. The
actual necessities of life are beyond the
reach of families in ordinary circumstances,
as the bill of current prices will indicate.
These gentlemen inform us that pork is
selling in Northern Georgia at 30 cts. per
pound, salt at $1 73 per pound, com at 2
to 3 per bushel, wheat $7 per bushel,
sugar at 75 cents per pound, shoes at 10
dozen, chickens $1 each, and other articles
The scarcity of salt is so great that many
persons make use of the dirt in their smoke
houses which has been saturated with salt,
extracting the saline matter from it, where
with to cure their meats, lhere is also
great suffering in the rebel army, and the
Augusta Chronicle asserted recently that a
body f two thousand six hundred troops
marched into Kiehmond without shoes.
Commissions have been appointed in some
districts to take an account of the amount
of corn and other produce in the possession
of the residents, who are not permitted in
any case to hold more than is necessary
for their subsistence until the next crop
shall have matured, and, if a family should
be found to be tinctured with loyalty to the
Federal Government, all their means of
subsistence is seized and confiscated. These
refugees in their flight from rebel oppression
traveled in the by-ways night and day,
sometimes paving guides as much as thirty
dollars for their services a single night.
W woil indu'g:: in such horrid anticipa-
i,.,.-." tlx- i. "vcchi d husband said when the
. , 7i tutu him he would be joined to his wife
i in tlher world, never more to he separated
! from her. " Tarsoii, 1 hope jiou will not mention
this unpleasant circumstance 'again,' said he.
The clergyman of a small living in Yorkshire,
Ion nr.o occasion, received no fee for marrying a
jiirsmonions couple, and meeting th-m twelve
months after at a facial gathering, took np their
baby, ami exclaimed, 'I believe I have a mortg
age cn this child.' Baby's papa, ra'.her than
have an explanation before thj company, rjuietly
lauded over a sovereign.
Oprraiiana of (.'uukonl kagamarc.
The following account of an expedition soft
out from the gunboat Sagamore, from Key
West, about 2 month ago, we find in the cor
respondence of the Philadelphia Bulletin r
"The expedition Erst visited Fort Capron,
(a fort built during the Indian war) but find
ing there nothing of import, proceeded down
ihe river. We had gone about seven miles,
when projecting behind the trees a mast was
seen. The word then wan, 'Give way, boys,
we've got 'em this time,' and tho boys did
' give way,' I assure you. On nearing. the
hiding place, discovered the mast belonging to
a sloop, and at this moment boat was leaving
her for the shore, but one shot from the howit
zer changed her course, and she returned to
the sloop. On arrivins a little nearer, and
rounding the point, discovered nicely stowed
away in the cove a schooner. The boys were
now in hi:h spirits, the boats were soon on the
spot, and the two vessels were taken posses
sion ol. I hey proved to be the sloop fc.ilen
and schooner Agnes, both hailing from Nassau.
They had, however, landed their cargoes of
silt, and were waiting for a return cargo of
lhe staple. We relieved them from further
trouble and anxiety.
Having a head wind, we were not able to gel
the vessels out the same night. So, after de
mohshine two fine porters captured early in
the day, v.e 'turned in.' Before sunrise tho
following morning we up anchor and awav.
They ca.uuc safely out, aud were sent to Key
Everything passed serenely on until Monday
morning, the 1st inst., when tbe exciting
words 'Sail ho!' came from the fore-top.
Where away ?' 'Two points on the starhoard
bow.' Up anchor, and away we go to look
after the stranger. She is a schooner, and has
the r..ngli.sh ensign flying a good sign for us.
On seeing us she changes her course; away
she goes on the wind ; a shot or two from our
l'arrott, and she tacks again, making as though
beating down the coast ; but the trick don't
take. We are soon alongside, when, in answer
to the hail, 'Where bound ?' he replies 4 Key
West.' He told the truth, but I rather think
against his inclinations. She sailed under tho
classic name of By George ! Cargo coffee,
salt, medicines, Sbc. Finding the poor fellow
so much out of his course, we kindly sent an
officer and men on board to see him safely to
Happening to drop in at Jupiter Inlet a few
days since, discovered two small sloops hidden
away in the mangrove bushes; they were soon
destroyed. The rebels used them for lighter
ing cargoes up aad down theviver.
e think the Sagamore ho played her part
pretty well up to date."
An Extensive Salt Mike ix Wester.:
Louisiana. A correspondent of the New York
Times, with a pa.t cf the Gulf bhekading squad
ron on the Louisiana coast relates the following :
"Along the Gu'f coast bounding this particular
part of the State are numbers rf islands, some of
which rise to a considerable height from out the
low swauip marshes with which they are sur
rounded. One of these islanilH. known as Pctito
Anse. arid entirely familiar with the residents of
the vicinity as being a place fainnns for saline
earths, turis nut to be a rock of solid salt, pnssi
bly some two hutidrrd and fifty feet high.iwhere
the mineral is quarried out in lame piece resem
bling cukes of ice. It was these "salt works"
t 'otn. I'uclisr an, pome time since, w ith the gun
boats Diana. Kinsman, and the St. Mary's with
the 21st Indiana on board, attempted lo destroy,
the result of which was the builiiines were torn
down, but the vast mine of salt stiU remains
I he salt spring? on this island, as it was termed
has been known for years, but it was hot Until
a few months ago that it was discovered that this
supposed spring was merely the rin water set
tling in hollows of a solid salt rock. The salt in
its natural bed is a clear as class iu fact, it
seem? as if you could look a vast distance into
its solid heart. When it is Mailed out, in pieces
resembling ice. it assumes a dull yellow color,
but grinds up whiter than most salt, aud is so
thoroughly saline in its properties that even a
grhin or two leaves a stringent taste in the mouth.
The immense value of this mine of wealth ran
scarcely be realized. A million dollars was offer
ed to its owner hy a company of persons in the
neighborhood, but refused. This island of salt
possibly three or four miles lonj; uud one wide.
f irregular form, and covered from fifteen tn
wenty feet with rich soil bears on Its surface
pecau and live oak trees.
When I goes a shopping." said an old lady.
'I alters ask for wh' t 1 wants, and if they have
it, and it is suitable, and I ferl inclined to take
t, and it's cheap, and it can t be got at anv place
for less. 1 almost alleis lake it, without chuOuring
u uay. as most people ao.
A touch of the Pathetic Ifow near akin
laughter is to tears was hon when Rubens,
with a single stroke ot his brush, turned a laugli-
n child in a painting to one crvinir. and our
mothers, without being great painters, have often
rongtit us, in like manner, from joy to grief by
A baker, who is continually troubled with in-
ulries respecting the time, was asked the other
ay "Please, sir, will yon tel' me what time it is?
' Why, I told you the time not a minute ago,'
said the astonished baker. 'Yes sir,' replied the
lad, 1 but this is for another woman.'
A centleman. one evenine. was seated near a
lovelv woman, w hen the company around him.
were proposing conundrums to each other. Tuni
ng to his companion, he said, " V hy is a tidy
n tike a mirror ' She ' eive it up. Because,
said the rude ft How, 'a mirror reflects without
peaking, a lady speaks without reflcctine.
And hy rj you unlike a mirror I asked the
..CHIllil t'Ot t-ll -' T,;mnn o nnrrnr
nnnlished.' The centleman owned thero whs
one la y who did not speak without both reflect
ing and casting reflections.
Oiib nf the witnesses in the South Leith case
complained that Mr. Phin read his sermons; and
on the question being put to him, ' Do sermons
that are not read edify you most 7' he convulsed,
the court hy replying ' I consider that if minis
ters cannot remember their own sermons, it is
perfectly unreasonable to expect their hearers to
1 am an unlucky man, gentlemen,' exclaimed
a poor fellow. If I weie to seize time hy the
forelock. I do believe it would come ripht out,
and leave him as bare as a barbers block.'
A famous musician, who bad made his fortune
by niairiap;e, being requested to sing to the com
pany, replied ' Permit me to imitate the night
ingale, which never sings after he has made his
A journalist, whose wife had just presentod
him with twins, and who, for this reason, was
compelled to neglect his paper for one day, wrote
tne oay arier, ine iouowing hcujip; o "w
unable to issue our paper yesterday, in cocse-.
quence of the arrival of two extra males."
A gentleman called at the honse of aa hones
old lady for the purpose of collecting a small
debt. Not recollecting the amount, promise!
to send his bill that evening The o.d woman,
supposing that be merit l is son William, replied.
Oli. la ! our Sarah i:i v. r set :ip will; any one yet ;
but if Bill's a clever l ..v, tuey n.ay have a fire,
iu t'other room.'
A respectable gentlemnn doesnt like to have a
charge levelled against biiu, especially if U is iu
A man was rerent!y convicted in Kerry for
sUaling his neighbor's cow and hiding it in his
cellar. It was a cowardly mode of cow hiding.
' Have yon Walls on the Mind V inquired a ens
iner of a booksell r's apprentice. ' Jo. nil."
replied the young Green,
1 liut I have wryla oa