Newspaper Page Text
CKO. , Mf 1 I, A JOY. EDI'XOK.
NEWBERN, JST. O.
"WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 4 186.
WV LraoHAK, Jr., editor of the Ar-
t Navy Journal, 33 School St., Boston, is
ear sole agent for that city. Anj contract en
tared into by him, for advertising or subscrip
tion on our account, will be ratified by us.
Mr. Lingham is also authorised to act as our
agent in New York, and elsewhere.
Department of North Carolina
New Berne, Dec. 3 1st
VK.tKKAb UHUKH9, U. O.T.
4Mb ltfnr)il "'nn.mftnHinir havinir been in
formed that several line officers occupy quar
ters in this town, Division and Brigade Com
manders are hereby ordered to see that thei
Steers immediately return to their regiments,
na give up any quarters inai mey may now
itnmnr in town. Kwmiumnn in remain in
town can only be given by the Division Com-
By command of Major General Foster,
i. F. ANDERSON,
Major and A. A. A. General.
Headquarters, 18th Army Corps,?
New Berne, Jan. 2, 1863.
flnriRAL ORDERS, NO. 1.
Genera! Orders No. 89 are hereby amended
as to include all regimental officers, whether
ield. Staff or Line Officers. Division and
Brigade Commanders will see that these orders
are immediately and strictly obeyed by the
officers referred to.
By command of Mai. Gen. Foster,
(Signed) J. F. ANDERSON,
J a a a
juajor ana a. a. a. uen.
Headquarters, 18th Army Corps, t
JNewbern, Jan. 4tn, 1863. J
SPECIAL ORDERS, NO. 4.
The Provost Marshal will attend to the im
mediate execution of General Orders 89 and 1,
relating to the vacating of quarters in the city,
by officers. Br command of
Biig. Gen. NAGLEE,
Commanding 18th Army Corps.
Jenx F. Anderson, Major & a. a. a. o.
TO OUB HEARERS.
tlua number Qf the Progress,
our stock of printing paper is entirely
exhausted, and, consequently, we shall
be compelled to omit the pnblication
of our paper for a few days. Oar pa
per we believe to be already on the
way here, and the suspension will be
only temporary. In a few days wo
shall resume the publication of the
Progress, and those who have paid us,
will receive the paper for a longer pe
riod enough to offset the suspension.
We are indebted to Capt. Win. Holden, A.
Q. M., for late Cincinnati papers.
We are much obliged to A. Williams & Co. ,
Boston, for their very acceptable present ; and
to Adams Express Company,for their courtesy
and promptness in delivering it.
The church at Newport City was totally de
stroyed by fire, on Wednesday night last. It
is supposed that some contrabands went into
the, edifice, and built up a fire to warm them
selves, and neglected to quench it on leaving.
Another theory is, that it Was the result of
The steamer Baltimore, which for sometime
has been lying at Morebead, accidentally
burned out her state-rooms one day last week.
wishing to secure insurance again at
fire tn a good responsible company, are referred
to an advertisement in our advertising col
umns. We are indebted to Cspt. W. H. Chapin, of
the "steamer Ellen S. Terry, for late papers.
On Saturday and Sunday next, is the anni
versary of the bombardment and battle of
A gay and festive old fashioned New England
snow storm, was raging yesterday morning.
The ground was well covered and the snow
some two inches deep.
Seipio, the celebrated Roman General and1
renowned conqueror of Africa, was nevermore
entitled to. the cognomen of Seipio Africanus
than is the conqueror and successful Governor
of New Orleans, to that f New Orleans But
ler. We say conqueror, for he has achieved' a
conquest and one, too, in every way deserving
he name. lie has conquered a stubborn and
rebel WtS city by military prowess, and held
t in subjection by an iron hand. It is refresh
ing to the people of Boston to see, amidst the
. onfusion of sbes fights and mock warfare,
t ne hwtKiee of an earnest purpose carried out
in a reasonable way. They gave Gen. Butler
a right old Roman reception. The panels of
the Hall (Fanenil Jlall) were decorated with
the nam os of the cities and battles which had
been jt4afauia by b deeds. As he en
tered, the hall, the white handkerchiefs of two
thousand ladies waved him a welcome. 6ea.
Butter &dc a few appropriate remarks in
which Is referzed in a feeling manner to those
f his comrades who would never return, and
also declared his readiness to go wherever the
sqouki can mm.
H ClUanoga Rebel states that Maury
hijrflene abroad to take command of one of
the rebel Iron clads. U is known that they
are nw at Liverpool, at the establishment
where tb Alaaaia wa buil. three new iron
ec-dw steamers, one said to be 8,000 tons, the
tlJtwo of l,6o0 tons each; ail very fine
sp ;qim Mt-, and expected to be formidable res
el 4 -ami of great ppecd. The larger ship is re-
3i -ted o -I -ready for sea, with coals and
Io-vk or board. (tw armament of course,) and
'ge' are now shipping a crew of picked
iue. It is supposed that Maury will take
t rar.ar.d of bur, 1
There is quite an excitement in New
over the sacrilegious desecration of the dead by
the trustees of the Methodist church on SkilliS
ran street, who recently sold fbV building on
condition that the four thousand dead bodies
under it should be removed. In removing
tbem, the trustees, in order to save expense,
dumped the bodies into boxes, cutting off
beads and feet when necessary, to make them
pack well. These proceedings, of course,
created great indignation, and a legal investi
gation is to be made.
The proprietors of the Richmond Inquirer
have brought the Forest Manufacturing Com
pany paper mill, in Wake county, N. C, for
$50,000. This is one of the most extensive
paper mills in the Confederacy, and the price
paid is considered low.
Orgaaizaiiea mf ifce
M W Wm. Park man of Boston, G M.
R W Chas. C. Dame of Newburyport, DGH,
" Wm. C. Martin of Boston, S G W.
" Daniel Reynolds of Springfield, J G W.
Jno. McCfellan of Boston, G Tr.
Chas W Moore of Boston, Reg G Sec.
Chas L Woodbury of Boston, Cor G Sec.
Rev. Wm R Alger of Boston. )
Rev W S Studley of N. Bed V G. Chap,
Wm. D. gtratton of Melrose, G Mar.
Sam'l P Oliver of Boston, S G D.
Hy. Mihken of Waltham, J G D.
Wm F Salmon of Lowell )
J H Uphata of Dorebester )
S A Tripp of N Bedford f
John Thornton of Boston)
" James A Dupee of Boston, G Sov B,
" F J Foss of Maiden
" HL Dalton of Boston J
ED Bancroft of Groton
" L H Gamwell of Pittfield
" Henry H Pope of Boston
" Wm H Keat of Boston, G Chorister.
Eben F. Gay of Boston, G Tyler.
District Deputy G. Masters. R. W. Bros.
Benjamin Dean, of Boston No. 1 ; William
Sutton of Salem No. 2 : Wm. S. Gardner of
Lowell No. 3 ; Chester L. Chamberlain of Mil
ford No. 4 ; S. B. Thaxter of Abington No. 5 ;
Rev. G. W. Dadmun of Worcestor No. 6 ;
James M. Cook of Taunton No. 7 ; Rev. B. S.
Pope of Hjannis No. 8; Henry Cbickering of
Pittsfield No. 9; B. P. Graves of Greenfield
No. 10; Rev. T. J. Greenwood of Maiden No.
11 ; Wm W Baker of Boston No. 12, George
H Kendall, Deputy for Chili, S. America
Among the intercepted rebel letters recently
received at Washington was one from George
N.Sanders to his son, written in December
last. In this letter Sanders frankly admits
that, without speedy succor, the rebel pause
must be lost His method of relief is thus
"My steamers are reslly the only thing
abroad in which the nation has really much
interest. It is the only thing that offers suc
cor and relief. Sinclair and Bullock's steamers
only are preying on the enemy's commerce.
We want succor or we must die. Mr. Mason
will. I am sure, take the right view. All other
projects sinks into insignificance compared to
the construction of my six steamers. So thinks
Congress, and so thinks every intelligent man
with whom I have conversed. You must pre
sent the case to Mr. Mason in every point of
view. These steamers can open and keep open
the port of New Orleans to our commerce, and
one week's trade will pay the nation three
times their cost. I would secure my trunks
and all presents until your return."
Sander's order book, also captured, embraces
heavy orders for Liverpool cotton and pins,
French corsets, tea, jewelry, shoes for various
ladies Mrs. Jeff. Davis included. Letters
show the men want boots principally. Euro
pean capitalists are advised to invest in cotton,
and that great scarcity of cotton and woollen
goods exist in the South. Among other things
the war is represented as terrible. Richmond
is much altered and its citizens turned extor
tioners. The return of mackerel from Gloucester for
1862, compared with that of 1861, shows an
increase of nearly 26,000 barrels. Ehis, with
the increase in the price, was of immense ad
vantage to the town, as it gave a good margin
over and above the losses of the spring.
Parliament will soon discuss the subject of
the Prince of Wales's pocket money. He has
already a net income of $250, 00 per annum,
and his mother thinks he should have at least
$300,000 more, which is what Princess Char
lotte and her husband had ; but then they
owned no Cornwall.
One of the churches in New Haven, willing
to turn an honest penny, is having all the cot
ton pulled out of the cushions, using a cheaper
material in its stead.
Recently, a farmer sent to a leading weekly
newspaper the money to pay up his subscrip
tion, remarking with the remittance, that he
must stop it for a period ; he must have time
to get up to it, as he was fifty numbers be
bind in reading, and thirty of these were un
opened. He wanted to do his work thorough
ly A lady in speaking of the gathering of law-
lyers to dedicate a new court-bouse said she
supposed they bad gone "to view the ground
where they must shortly he."
Prentieer after quoting John Locke, that a
blind man took his idea of scarlet from the
sound of a trumpet, says that a hoop skirt
hanging out of a shop door always reminds
him of the peal of a belle !
Coo Fwir The Cod in the sea. a the pike m
the ifver, i of so veracious a nature that he will
bite at whatever may come in his way. and when
ewr it is set before him. Ia a codfish weighing
)?Ib. caught by the writer in October. 1854. these
was found a piece of a pound weight ( quite fresh)
three whole herrings, a sand dab, a piece of bul
leek's hide, two large crabs, about four dozen
prawns, a large piece of chalk, and four trowfers
button, in another, caught tour daya later, were ,
two Wh.linKS a horse-mackerel, five crabs, two ,
inc'he clTnl, dteTh
tZVTtlVn 25 Ifnlera'fiahi- ej
3 ""led himself wivh matina memoranda
ildsslar frtntt-ntfi fit some oi the fLh takfin . ' -
W. ,v -J,". .
by him. vnce a nectc. '
THE GULP DEPARTMENT.
ArrirnI of the Bio Bi mud St. Mary with
Weir Or! can IJaie Jaw. 20.
DETAIL OF THE
THE REBEL IRON-CLAD VESSEL COT
TON BLOWN TO ATOMS.
The Rebel Force Flanked and lis
Late Netz$ from Baton Rouge,
The steamer Rio Rio, from New Orleans Jan.
16th, vis Havana the 22d, arrived at New York
on the 29tb.-
Tbe U. S. transport steamship St Mary also
arrived, having left New Orleans on the 20tb,
via Key West the 24ih alt.
Gen. Grover was at Baton Rouge with a
heavy force, some twenty regiments. His
command was composed largely of green
troops, and he was drilling tbem. There was
a strong force at Carrollton, under Gen. Sher
man. Major Gen. Banks was still in New Orleans.
Jacob Barker had appealed to the Major Gen
eral several times for permission to revive the
Advocate, but Gen. Banks will not permit the
publication of that rebel sheet again.
The Fight at Berwick's Bay.
New Orleans, Jan. 15.
Westward the star of empire takes its way,
and so does Weitzel. . Jy last letter by mail
steamer on Tuesday informed you of the con
centration of Federal troops at Berwick's Bay.
From the moment, it was uncertain whether
Weitzel intended merely to defend the position
at Brashaer city against an advance from the
other side of the bay, or to cross over and
attack the Confederates in camp this side of
Franklin. All doubt is removed.
On Monday all of the regiments detailed for
the expedition had arrived at Brashaer city.
At 8 o'clock on Tuesday morning, Jan. 13tb,
Gen. Weitzel commenced moving his men
across the bay. The means of transit were
the four gunboats Calhoun, Kinsman,- Diana
and Estrella, all carrying men and towing flat
boats filled with troops. A part of the infan
try were first taken over, then the Louisiana
cavalry, and last the artillery, consisting of
twenty-one field pieces belonging to the 4th
and 6th Massachusetts and 1st Maine batteries,
with a lew regular army artillerists. Tbe
landing vvas made directly opposite the city,
and was completed at 10 o'clock A. M., and
the force advanced by the road along the river
Com. Buchanan of tbe Calhoun, command
ing tbe gunboats, then took on board the bal
ance of the infantry, and steamed up the Atch
afaiaya river from jthe same point, Patterson
ville, distant some twelve miles from Brashaer
city, and five or six miles from Franklin.
The Louisiana cavalry, in the advance on the
road, met the enemy's pickets and had a skir
mish. They lost one man, but killed and
wounded six on the other side and took forty
prisoners. The five hundred men composing
this body of cavalry are mostly foreigners, and
were enlisted in New Orleans. They know
that if they were to fall into tbe bands of the
Confederates they would be considered as
traitors and would be dealt with accordingly.
Therefore they fight well, fight to the death,
and have no idea of surrendering as prisoners.
A glance at the map of Louisiana will show
that the Berwick's Bay region is worse " cut
up " than the army was at Fredericksburg.
The whole country is a conglomeration of bay,
bayoii, lake and river, with very Utile land and
a great deal ot water. A tew words, however,
will give a clear idea of the route to and scene
of the present plan of operations.
From Berwick's Bay the eunboafs went up
the Atchafala3'a river past Pattersonville,
'which is on the left bank, near tbe entrance
of tbe bayou,) and into Bayou Teche. Frank
lin, the point to be reached, is on the Teche,
five or six miles beyond Pattersonville, with
Centreville midway between. A mile or more
withinVhe entrance of the bayou, for a long
time there has been a formidable obstruction,
consisting of some sunken boats, w ith live oak
floated down and lodged above, forming an im
penetrable barrier. Tbis is on Cornay's plan
tation. The bayou bottom is sandy and the
water clear, the nature ot the obstruction can
be plainly seen, and it has been thought for
weeks that if the gunboats could H only get at
it," the barrier could be blown up in an hour,
thus opening the way by water to Franklin
and far ther up the Teche.
It is easy enough to get to it, and the gun
boats arrived and landed the infantry on both
sides of the bayou. But just above, on Mrs.
Mead's plantation, the Confederates have two
batteries, mounting eighteen guns, which cover
the obstruction. Further up at Centreville, or
Franklin, lies the gunboat Cotton, which can
come down to the barrier and engage the gun
boats on the other side. There are eight or
ten small river steamboats up tbe bayou, two
or three of which are reported to be armed.
Now for the programe. To take these bat
teries, blow up tbe barrier, beat tbe confeder
ate force between Centreville and Patterson
ville, catch the gunboat Cotton, if he can, and
to occupy Franklin, was the work laid out this
week for Weitzel.
If there is such a thing as an excitement in
tbis city nowadays, it is on the arrival or de
parture of a New York steamer. At five
o'clock last evening, tbe deck of the Bio Bio
was thronged with passengers, and those who
had come to say "good bye," and see the
steamer off. . Steam was up, bands were clasp
ed, farewells spoken, ail was ready for a start,
whn lo ! down comes a message from Gen.
Banks that tbe steamer must be detained till
4 P. M. to day. The Columbia bad passed the
Balize, and would bring dispatches which must
be answered by the Bio's mail. The detention
affords an opportunity to send you some de
tails of the fight on tbe Tecbe, and the Hatter-
as affair off Galveston.
The Eight Near Franklin.
By the return of reporters and from Wound1-
ed men who. arrived here last night, we "'nave
full particulars of two days' operations on the
Soon after four o'clock on Tuesday evening.
the gunboats. Calhoun, Estrella, snd Kinsman
landed the. infantry they carried up, at the
point above Pattersonville, on the left bank,
at the entrance of the bayou. Gen. Weitzel
and Com. Buchanan, on board the Diana, went
up the bayou a short distance and made a re
connoisance, the troops advancing on land
under cover of tbe gunboats. The Louisiana
cavalry was in advance, and was saluted with
a few shells from one of the batteries. The
troops then returned to tbe point, where they
bivouacked till morning, the Eighth Vermont
remaining on board tbe Diana.
Tbe four gunboats went up within range of
the obstruction in the bayou, the Kinsman in
advance, and the rest within supporting dis
tance astern, and anchored for ike night. Soon
after, just at dark, the gunboat Cotton came
down and fired two shou which were returned
from one of tue rifled guns on the K
when the Cotton Steamed -hack out at tano !
ani waA no more that nighu On shore
at aod the
135 discharged tbrnr muskets hut, order
WR som restored, and all was quiet toll morn-
, , ir . . J
clock on Wednesday morning 1
Buchanan signaled tbe gunboats to advance up
the Teche, the Diana remaining in the rear to
1-nd the Eighth Vermont regiment on the right
bank ot the bajffti.; Meanwhile the troop oa
the left bank cautiously advanced under cover
of the gunboats which were shelling the woods
above as they steamed up the bayou. Tbe
Eighth Vermont, immediately after landing,
marched upon the right bank.
There is an abrupt bend in the bayou at tbis
point, and the Cotton made a sudden appear
ance "round the corner." The Kinsman im
mediately opened fire upon her from a 82
pound rifled gun. The Cotton returned the
fire, and put one 32-pound shot nto the Kins
man, just above her water iine. The signal
was then made to the gunboats to advance
close to the obstruction, tbe troops following
Th pur. hoars bad advanced but a short dis
tance when thev received a volley of balls from
the rifle pits on the right bank. The existence
of these pits was unknown to the attacking
force till the boats were close on them. The
Kinsman fired a thirty-two, loaded with grape
and canister, in the direction of the pits ; but
Acting Volunteer Lieut. George Wiggin, in
command of the Kinsman, finding it impossi
ble to load bis guns without having his gun
ners picked off by the riflemen, ordered his
men to lie down on deck and the boat backed
a little, out of range of the rifle pits. While
she was steaming back she received a second
volley from the pits, and Acting Master A. S.
Wiggin, brother ot the lieutenant commanding,
was badly wounded. Poor fellow ! he was
executive officer on board, has just been pro
moted, and was the only man on the boat who
was wounded. I passed an hour with him last
night, and he tells me it was 'just his luck
he was badly wounded in his first engagement
(Nov. 3, 1862) in these waters. This time be
received a Minie ball, which struck in the
breast, passing through the right shoulder at
the socket, and to-day he has gone through
with the painful operation of the removal of a
portion of the shattered bone. He is one of
tbe bravest of the brave.
The Estrella, in going up, unfortunately
grounded on the right bank of the bayou, and
this accident, when the Kinsman fell back,
brought the Calhoun in the advance. This
was at ten o'clock ia the morning. The Cal
houn received the next volley from the rifle
pits, and Commodore Buchanan, who was
standing in front of tbe pilot house, spyglass
in hand, was struck by a Minie ball and fell.
Tbe ball entered his left cheek, passed into the
brain, and be died in a few moments. Two
seamen also were killed, and seven were wound
ed. After Commodore Buchanan was killed,
the Calhoun fired cne broadside and fell back
Out of range.
All this time the Cotton was "doing her
prettiest," firing now at the gunboats and oc
casionally at tbe troops on the banks. The
Cotton is a first class steamboat, armed with
one rifled and three smooth thirty-twos. Her
boilera are protected by bars of railroad iron
and are shot proof. She is commanded by
Captain E. H. Fuller, who owns a saw mill
and a small place at Chicot Pass, on the lake,
and is said to be an Ohio man. In addition to
her armament she had a large company of
riflemen on board, who, under cover, fired con
tinually at the gunners on he boats and the
men on the shore.
While the fight was going on between the
gunboats and the Cotton the land force was by
no means idle. The Eighth Vermont on the
right bank gallantly charged the rifle pits,
killed one man at least, lost none, and took
twenty prisoners. Tbe small loss of the con
federates is due to the faet that when the charge
was made, the ri5emen dropped their arms
and incontinently skedaddled. As usual in
such cases, the wildest of stories "went to the
rear," and for a while it was reported that every
one of the sharpshooters in tbe pits had been
bayoneted ; but they lost very little, and cer
tainly lost no time in skedaddling.
On the left bank of the bayou the operations
were more important. As soon as the Cotton
came in sight the line of battle was formed
the Seventy fifth New York on the right, the
One Hundred and Sixtieth New York in the
eenter. and the Twelfth Connecticut on the
left, with the Sixth Michigan and Twenty-first
Indiana regiments in reserve. Tbe Seventy
fifth New York threw out sixty skirmishers,
six men volunteering from each company, and
these, under the command ot Uapt, rlenry K.
Fitch, wxre from eighty to one hundred paces
in advance of the line. The line was supported
by the Fourth and Sixth Massachusetts batte
ries, and the regulars brought two field pieces
on the road adjoining the bayou.
Whiie the Cotton was engaging the gunboats
the artillery on shore fired at her repeatedly,
and when she began to retreat up the bayou
the regiments followed on the banks and at
tacked her,. The men on deck were picked off
in considerable numbers, and several of them
jumped overboard. They were more than
once driven away from the guns, the man at
the wheel was sht, and it wa reported that
the captain was wounded. He was on the
promenade deck, and one of the Seventy fifth
New York men says that he shot him and saw
him fall. At one time Captain Fitch's skirm
ishers 'were within thirty feet of the Cotton,
and tbey hailed her to surrender. It is thought
that if the artillery bad then been "on hand,"
she could have been captured. Tbe regiments
followed her up a mile or two, when she turned
the bend, bringing her guns to bear on the
troops, and the pursuit was given up.
The confederates retreated from tbe rifle pits
on both sides of the bayou to the batteries on
the &ead plantation. The men engaged ;n the
fight, the Seventy-fifth New York especially,
behaved with great bravery. The loss on the
Union side, too, 's very small. Lieut. J. B.
Whiteside and four men of tho Seventy-fifth
were killed, and altogether not more than
twenty were wounded. Tbe wounded men,
with the bodies of Whiteside and Buchanan,
were brought to the city lasf nigh. I saw one
man at the St James Hospital who had both
arms shot off. Be belonged to one of the bat
teries, and waa ramming dovn the charge,
when tbe gun was accidentally (or carelessly)
discharged. The Wounds generally are not
sonous. .there are no means at present or
computing the loss on the confederate side,
but on the Cotron it must have been serious.
The few prisoners taken were brought to the
city, and there was quite a crowd on Canal
Street to-day to see them marched under guard
to the custom house ; the latter, by the b , is
custom house, post office, prison, and barracks
all in one enormous edifice.
After the fight on Wednesday evening the
Calhoun came down to Brashaer City bringing
me ueau ooaies, wounaea men, ana prisoners.
At 3 or 4 o'clock yesterday morning tbe people
at Brashaer saw a large -fire near Patt veon-
ville, and an hour or two later heard a tremend
ous explosion. Of course they thought it was
the Cotton, which, the confederates would nat
urally destroy whenever her capture seemed
When the Calhoun left the Teche prepara
tions were making to remove the obstruction.
torpedoes were iound sunken in the bayou
near this barrier, and these also are to be re
moved. It was believed that the gunboats
wauld be able to tow away the raft of trees
which form in part the barrier, but there were
one or tarn ,nata snH a email clpamhnfit enml-
opening for tbe cunboats, and mean wh lie to
advanj by land and attack the baTteri 's w s
the programme, and is probably now the work
hn progress. The Cotton could reireat but a
fc "P the Tecbe, and her tC iX?e seems
The funeral of Lieut' -Commander T. McKean
Boehanaa took place at Christ Church iu tfai.i ity
at 1? noon to-day. Nearly all, of the naval ofSc
era. utfnfSllitary men, and n large number of
citizen were present, for Bachaaan was widely
known and loved. Not long sinae-1 enjoyed his
hoapiialitiea on the Calhoun, and at that time he
talked much about tiie confederate force at Frank
lin, and said that he was "going up one of these
days to rout em out." During CbJistmaa week
he was here, and just as he waa leaving the St
Charles one of bis best friends said, "Don't go
up the-Tecb, Buck, if you do you'll pet killed ! "
The words were in jest, but alas ! they were pro
phetic. No man in the navy had a more ardent
love for his profession- Fear he knew pot. He
was a brave, warm-hearted sailor and gentleman,
and his loss is deeply deplored.
Tbe Clifton brings tbe news from Galveston
that tbe cocifederates have poured a large force
:! iI.a tnwn. and have stronorlv fortified it With
batteries, ia anticipation of n attempt on the
part of the Union army to retake the place.
From the Delia, Jauaag 17th.
The news from Berwick's By last evening
brought official confirmation of the total destruc
tion of the rebel iron clad steamer Cotton, in the
layou Teche, by tbe 'aud and naval forces under
tbe command of Gen. Godfrey Weitzel. She
wasjjlowu to atoms, and there is an end of this
formidable vessel which has been a kind of stum
bling block in the way of the advance of oar
forces on tbe Teche. Gen. Weitael has succeed
ed in getting a heavy force in the enemy's rear
thereby completely flanking them, and their
entire overthrow in that section is only a question
of a few daya time. The rebel force is smaller
than was at first supposed. Gen. Weitzel has
ascertained that it consists of only 1,100 infantry
about 1,000 cavalry, and three pieces of artillery.
NEWS FROM MEXICO.
4,000 French Troops Surprised
and Routed at Kio Seco.
Sortie of the Mexicans from Pnebla.
French Troops Defeated hy
Arrival ot Rebel Teasels at Havana.
Havana, Jan. 22.
The English stealer Una, from Vera Cruz,
brings dates to the 9th, and confirms what I
sent you in my last, which came by the steam
Gen. Berthier, with the vanguard of the
Jalapa division of the French army, 4,000
men, were surprised at Rio Seco at 2 A. M. on
the 18th uiU, by Gen. Rivers, with 800 cavalry,
during a very dense fog. During tbe consterna
tion French killed French, and their loss is
estimated at 1,000. The Mexican loss is re
ported at 130. The French officers were las
soed and dragged off.
Gen. Quesada surprised and captured, the
greater part of a convoy, which bad left Jalassa
for Perote, killing 27 of the guard and losing
Gen. Negretti, with 10,000 men made a
sortie from Puebla, and at Acajete attacked a
division of French, 14,000 strong, eight leagues
from Puebla, and completely routed them.
They retired to Orizaba. Jalapa has been
abandoned. Tampico has also been aband
oned. The armed force which went for mules -has
returned, bringing 160.
The small pox still rages at Vera Cruz.
A schooner just in, 11 A. M., met tbe Florida
steering about east. She steered southwest
when she left this port.
THE VICKSBTJRG EXPEDITION
Gen. Me demand' 8 Forces Landed Five Miles
below the Yazoo Two Brigades engaged in
opening the Vicksburg "Cut-off Departs
ure of Gen. Grant from Memphis.
Chicago, Jan. 29.
A special dispatch from Cairo sayH that in
formation has been received that General Mc
Clernand's forces have landed on the Louisiana
side of the Mississippi river, five miles below
the mouth of the Yazoo and in full view of the
city of Vicksburg.
Two brigades were engaged, when the in
formant left, in opening the famous "cut off"
which is to make Vicksburg no longer a port of
The river is now bank full at Vicksburg.
General Grant left Memphis, on Tuesday,
for below, with one division.
Among the recent promotions in Massachu
setts regiments, we notice the following in
regiments in this department :
Seventeenth Regiment. Second Lieut. Jas.
Splain of Haverhill to be 1st Lieutenant, Dec.
24, 1862, vice Poor, discharged. lst Serg't
Daniel L. Getchell of Wells, Me, to be 2d
Lieutenant, Dec. 24, 1862, vice Splain, pro
moted. 2d Lieut. Horace Dexter of Cambridge
to be 1st Lieutenant, Jan. 1, 1863, vice Harris,
appointed Commissary of Subsistence. 1st
Serg't Sylvanus M. Severeen of Maiden- to be
2d Lieutenant, Jan. 1, 1863, vice Dexter, pro
moted. Twenty-Fourth Regiment.-lA.cxil. Colonel
Francis A. Osborn of Boston to be Colonel,
Jan. 10, 1863, vice Stevenson, promoted Briga
Twenty -Fifth Regiment. Mb'). Josiah Pick
ett of Worcester to be Colonel, Oct. 29, 1862,
vice TJpton, discharged Oct. 28, 1862. (Tbis
commission is in place of one previously issued,
dated Dec. 9, 1862.) Captain Orson Moulton
of Worcestor to be Lieut.-Oolonel, Nov. 5,
1862, vice Sprague, discharged Nov. 4, I862!
Capt. Cornelius G. Attwood of Boston to be
Major, Oct. 29, 1862, vice Pickett, promoted.
1st Lieut Janes Tucker of Boston, to be Cap
tain, Oct. 29, 1862, vice Atwood, promoted.
1st Lieut Samuel Harrington of Boston to be
Captain, Nov. 6, 1862, viee Moulton, promoted.
2d Lieut John W. Davis of Worcester to be
1st Lieut., Oct 29, 1862, vice Tucker, promo
ted. 2d Lieut Arthur P. Forbes of Worces
ter to be 1st Lieutenant, Nov. 5, 1862, vice
Harrington, promoted. 2d Lieut. Jahn G. Mc
Carter of Milford to be 1st Lieutenant, Nov. 5
vice Harkness, discharged. Serg't Major Chas!
H. Pelton of Worcester to be 2d Lieutenant,
Oct. 29, 1862, vice Davis, promoted. Serg't
Thomas Saul of Temple ton to be 2d Liouten
ant Nov. 5, 1862, viee Forbes, promoted.
Serg't James C. Woodworth of Worcester to
be 2d Lieutenant. Nov. 5, 182, vice MeCarter
The Fbekcr Emperor's New Tsar's Speech.
Tbe secessionists have been confidently pre
dicting, and the Unionists have been somewhat
fearing, that Napoleon would, in his New
v '.. ... .Ju . . - . .
iei Kjrectii, auiiuuiive me mieuuon ot in
terfering in some way in our affairs. But never
was there a more harmiesa speech. In bis
reply to tbe Papal Nuncio, who, in behalf of
the diplomatic corps, addressed him, he said :
"The wishes which you express to me, in
the name of tbe diplomatic body, touch me
nearly. I am happy at tbe commencement of
the year, to see myself surrounded by the rep
resentatives of all the Powers. They can
testify to my desire to live with them in the
relations of friendship, so neeesaarv in ih
secunty ot tue present and of the future " J
Artrl iht -v i .J , ...
And that was the whole of the speech Which 1
the world has been waiting to bar. ,
' J MV
. TM 1. l
j.ne o"ok puoushers of N V
n cne 10m int..
to COtlSlltt n t
present high price of printing T!5leri
now one hundred per cent.
was bia Hiumus ago; yet m Eniu.j . l,Jn W
been little if any rise But th, S0rit,h C
on paper diaabtea us from benefittiu hv .u d,llr
ness of prices abroad. th lo.
-I ........ 1 . "!"CT ftpra .1 '
At tha same time it does not prod
to the government ; it is simply prohih; e
- -"- iui uroiinn
tbe only effect it has
1 is to forc .k- . ' nod
oeoDle to Day higher prices for thiir ,?mn
ter. while a few Srreat paDer-makin. nffni
immense profits. poc"t
The publishers have adopted resolatios a.v
that tbe duty on paper be repealed, and sho
that the present ratesof duty have ahead v .-If
American manufacturers by powerful com!,i
tions among themsefves, to double tbe nrir!
paper.and may enable tbem to entry U (till buL
to the manifest injury of the public.
We trost that congress will make haste to
on this subject It 15 now known ihat it i
tha romrnA of the Mvprnmoni U...
- - UUfc only tl,
nrivala nocket of the maniiuKiii.. . r .
benefitted by the present rate of duty.' 1
Touching Incident Among the wounds
during tbe recent engagement in North Car
waa Mr. Beej. H. Griffin, of tbis town, Co 0
23d Mass.. who was left at Whitehall with IK '
rest of the wounded. Here he learned that h
brother Addison, of Co. I, was among the kiilei
aud he resolved at whatever sacrifice he won!)
procure the body aud give it a suitable burial
Having recovered from tbe effects of his wound
he started fi.r the scene of the battle, and crawl
ing through the woods commenced his search'
If be had been observed by the rebels certai
death woold ensue, but with a firm purpose h
continued in the search The voices of th.9
rebels, who were encamped just a hule distance,
across the river, be could distinctly hear, bunv
did not deter him in the work he had undertaken.
His efforts were at last crowned with succeu
and he had the melancholy satisfaction uf laying
to rest the body of his brother, whose life bad
been offered in tbe defeuce of their common
country. Gloucester Adv.
Return of Garibaldi tm Cnprtra,
A Turin letter of December 20 says :
" The departure of General Garibaldi for his
ialand of Caprera, which took place at Leghorn,
this morning, marks tlra close of the revolution
ary era in Italy. Garibaldi goes back to his
quiet home, most probably, this time with a firm
purpose to abide there. Were he eves soon to
weary of his peaceful agricultural avocations, it
is not likely that any part of Italy would sooo
again be chosen as the scene of his exploit.
Love of adventure, or the impatience arising
from a sense of waiting life, and a wish to illoa
trate its end by some achievement worthy of its
earlier course, might render him accessible to tha
seduction of those who would fain engage him
in any rash eastern enterprises, or bring him for
ward as an actor in tbe great un brotherly strug
gle beyond tbe Atlantic. But in his own coun
try Garibaldi will never again be tempted to
take the initiative.
Foreign Tribute to the Gallantry or
our Troops. A Rappahannock correspondent
writes to the Philadelphia Inquirer '.
"A Prussian officer of rank, who witnessed
tbe late battle at Fredncksburg, has declared
to several of our higher officers that he never
saw troops march up to storm batteries in face
of such a dreadful tire as did our troops at the
late battle. He expressed admiration at the
excellent order in which tbe several divisions
advanced under fire, and the obstinacy with
which the battle was contested on both sides,
and said that no such severe fighting had been
done in any of tbe European wars within the
lrtst twelve years. This officer was at the bat
tles of Magenta and Solferino, and in tbe
Crimean war at Sebastopol, and says that the
French and English troops fn those campaigns
never displayed more daring and good fighting
qualities than did our troops. Tbis testimony,
coming from a high and disinterested, source,
is a worthy tribute to the bravei y of our patri
otic Union soldiers."
Going to Rest. Bid you ever know a child,
though dead with play, who was willing to go
to bed. How they will open their eye and
stare about, and linger round the bright groups,
and plead for a reprieve, "just a little longer
just five or ten minutes 1" Time will cure them
soon enough, poor things 1 so don't try to teach
them the lesson now. Let them "sit Up" be
fore the evil day comes when sleep is the roost
coveted boon on earth ; when they dread nothing
so much as waking to a new day, and its repe
tition of weary struggles with wrong and wrong
doers, lighted by gleams of sunshine so few
and transient. Crowd into cbildrcns' infant
life all the innocent happiness you can they
may have that at least to look back upon when
tbey have ao longer the wish or the power to
A Useful Custoic. At Munich there pre
vails a singular custom. Every child found
begging in tbe streets is arrested and carried
to a charitable establishment. The moment he
enters the hospital, and before he is cleaned
and gets the new clothes intended for him, his
portrait is painted in his ragged dress, and
precisely as be was found bejging. When his
education is finished in the hespital, tbis por
trait is given to him, and he promises by an
oath to keep it all his life, in order that be may
be reminded of the abject condition from which
he had been rescued, and of the obligations he
owes to the institution which saved him from
misery and gave him the means by which ha
was enabled to avoid it in future.
Intelligence of the Lark. A pah of larks
had built their nest in a grass-field, where tbey
hatched a brpod of young. Very sooo after
the birds were out of then- nest, the owner of
the field was forced to set his mowers at work,
the state of the weather forcing him to cut his
grass sooner than usual. As the laborers ap
proached the nest the parent birds seemed to
take alarm, and at last the mother laid herself
flat upon the ground with outspread wings
and tail, while the male bird took one of her
young out of the nest, and by dint of pulling
and pushing got it on its mother's back. She
then flew with ber young over the field, and
soon returned for another. This time tbe father
took his torn to carry one, being assisted by
the mother in getting it firmly on his back ;
and in this manner they carried, off tbe whole
brood before the mowers reached their nest.
Rutlsdge's Illustrated Natural History.
New Bar Rule. The dispensers of stimu
lants to those who frequent tbe bars in Boston
have had a convention, and have decided t
advance the price of liquors from ten to thirteen
cents two drinks for a quarter of a dollar.
Some proposed that instead of raising the prico
an extra quantity of water should be added ;
but this was opposed and defeated oa the
ground that it was now difficult to keep the
contents of the decanters from freezing, and
that an addition of water would be sure to
produce destruction of the glass ware by Jack
A Casael hitter in the Hamburg News says :
" The I'rinceeas Hobenlebe, daughter of the
Prince Elector, whose hnsband has gone te Am
erica without paying his debts, which amount to
very considerable sums, has been summoned to
appear before the tribunal of the free ciy of
Frankfort; as well as ber brother, the 8ecoDI
sen cf the Elector. The Princess signed bills
for 800,000 florius. which her husband puwin cir-
. "T"""" T.u i " r,
cnlation.and tha Prices' brother gavo his guar-
anty by attaching his signature to 80,000 ibW
worth of thwo bills." .
t hi' n..,. i twm