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Newbern progress. volume (Newbern, N.C.) 1863-186?, February 04, 1863, Image 4

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H
SVeekly.
KATE'S SOLDIER.
only h matel" ' i
v7s eyes flashed wttti a
end id jresolve, a tine blaze of eour-
"If yoa were, would yon not do jrtst
tlio same as now sit still and wish
hy do you judge me Unkindly,
Major Ross?"
Ill lips began to pont new, a little
the fine eyes. -: .
"Because yon do not do what you
a
can, even now. If yon were not ray
cousin, I suppose 1 should not speak
to ybn so plainly. As it is, it vexes
sne when I near you wishing, morning,
noon .nnd night, to be and Jo the im
possible, and yet never trying to think
if there is no better use for the money
yon are wasting so carelessly in satins
and laces? How much was Madame
Ferrara'a bill, last quarter ?"
"Money won't light, and govern
ment pays the soldiers better, I beard:
voutay syeaterday, than any army;
is fMjf in Europe."
'Yet. bv crivinsr a little more than
ffoverainenfc irives, I think yon could
hire some one, who wonld not go oth- J
erwise, to fight for you.
"A man whom a little more money
would induce I A man who would go
for money, and would not go without
it ? Why, such a cowardly soul would
get drummed out of the ranks after
iJlffeoss smfXSPSitn, uXjjJ ing
mile such as always provoked his
cousin, for it seemed to her HKt Sn as
sertion of superiority.
"You just look at one side of your
aettdn, Kate, and then jump at your
cqnclusion. I know a man who told
gie yesterday that he would go to war
its he could afford it ; a man who is
neither cold nor cowardly. He has a
sister, a girl of fifteen. They are or
phans, and his mother's dying breath
gave her to his care. They were well
forn, but they had fallen into poverty,
and he resolved that his sister should
have the education of a lady. She is
at school now. If he had the means
to leave her provided for, he would en
list ; but what if he should die, and
that poor, pretty, undisciplined child
should he left alone in the wide world,
with no means of support, no protec
tor, no friend ? Could he answer it to
his mother when he met ner country
which souls people ?"
Kate had listened with breathless
interest.
mf Would he fight well?" she asked,
aausingly.
"No man better. There ie .not a
drop of coward blood in his veins. He
is the very one I would choose to stand
beside me in the front of the fray."
. "If he were sure his sister would be
provided for in the event of his -death
you think be would go ?" j
"I know it. His whole heart is in
the fight now. If he were sure that
she could be secured from future pri
vation, or friend lessness, his name
would be enrolled to-morrow."
Kate's face glowed with eager re-
"He shall be sure. I eannot give
my life to my country. I ought not
to shrink -from giving everything else.
That girl is an orphan like me. She
shall be my sister. I will undertake
the expense whiie her brother is away,
and if he dies, she shall share dollar
for dollar with me all that I possess."
-Major lioss looked at his young cou
sin almost reverently. He was just
beginning to see below the happy,
careless surface of her nature. But he
made no comment on her resolve.
"Wait here," he simply said, "I will
bring you your soldier."
In half an hour he returned. He
brought with him a man, tall, athletic,
strong, with a face brave and master
ful rather than handsome.
"Miss Barclay, this is Mr. Keene
Richard Keene.9
So much of introduction being per
formed, Major Boss went out and left
Kate to make her bargain.
Mr. Keene was thoroughly well
bred. In the peculiar circumstances
in which he was placed sorely trying
tuey worna nave oeen to most men
he was able to steer clear of any false
pride or embarrassment
"Miss Barclay," he said, bowing, "I
am 101a tuaf try way ot doing your
part toward the war you wish to hire
me as a substitute, to tight your bat
tles for you. My terms are easily
stated. AH I ask is a security that
my sister's education, shall be carried
on, as I have commenced it until she
is able to support herself by teaching."
?i am ready to provide for all her
expenses, and to charge myself with
the care of her future, should there be
seed of my jtfOtecUea. 1
8o much as that is not necessary.
WbU 1 Jive I could not allow yen 2 to
undertake all her expenses. So fax as
pay as a soldier can go it must
be applied for her support. J? or the
rest accept yonr m the spirit in which
ft is made." I will remember yon when
I right, and heaven herpmg me, you
snail not be ashamed or your suosu
K&te'S eyes grew misty. He was so
eaim in his resolve to dare danger and
deittlt seemed to consider himself eo
little, She longed to beg him, as a
fisUr might have done, not to be too
rash?notto court unneccessary peri!,
but something restrained her. She
orHy ;u?ked :
HBfewill you take me to see your J it
Kate tfarcln
i .try.
sister? It is better to be introduced
to Her hf you. She will feel more tfcat
she belonjl Mjfce when yoa have eoii-
i titled her to mv protection.
"Yon are rjsiif. I will take yon
now, if yon please. I wish to marrh
With the 28th to-morrow, and there is
no time to lose. Poor Emily, it will
be hard on her."
In five minutes more Miss Barclay
was wnlkfng towar&HGMiriej'C-y Park
with her soldier by her aide, fiiie stole
a look now and then at his face. It
Wascarai an firm no marks there of
weakness or irresolution. She began
to be proud of him. Soon they are in
Miss Dopont's front parlor waiting for
Emily. As. she camehronj the door
Tier orother met her and drew her with
him-Hifo the back room. He had said
to Miss Barclay that it was better he
should speak to ner first quite alone.
WSrtiog threyKte heai-d tffe sbuncl
of earnest, manly talk, then a lew
words in a voice full of tears, then
again the low manly tones, and then
Mr. Keene led his sister in.
r Tt 1 9 9'.- .fM
"Miss .Barclay, lie said, "Here is
your protege. She quite understands
your position as regards her, and
hope she will exact little, and not make
you much trouble."
j&aies warm nearx ovemowed in
stantly. She put her arm around the
shy, trembhns: eirl, and drew her to
her side. She whispered :
t'Bhave nr mother, dear, and no sis
ter. I shall need yon as much as you
will need me. Let us love one anoth
er." Mr. Keene did not hear the whisper,
but he saw the quick flash of pleasure
flush his sister's cheek, and the confid
ing gesture with which her hand stole
into her new friend's, and he was sat
isfied. "We need not detain Miss Barclay
SBgsr2i,h said,: gently w'A
walk home with her now. This after
noon I shall be busy, but I will come
to you again this evening."
There were few words spoken during
the short walk, but when they were
parting Miss Barclay's door step, she
gave her hand to Hi chard Keene, and
Isaid earnestly :
"Do not doubt that all 1 can do ior
vonr sister will be a labor of love.
There has been a vacant place in my
heart, a lonely longing for some one
to care for, and she will till it. It
ier eyes filled with tears "if anything
should happen, she shall be as near to
me as she would have been to you."
Richard Keene pressed the hand he
held' r at n t a m
"l believe von." he said, "Jimiiy is
a good child. Yon will not find in
her, coldness or ingratitude."
That evening Kate Barclay sat alone,
living over in thought, the parting,
which she knew was taking place, fafiT
Cying how these two, who were all the
World to each other, would say good
by a good by which might, all too
possibly, be forever. She almost re
pented of her own doing not quite
for she knew her soldier's heart was in
his woVk, arid she felt that if he had
fceen her own brother 6he could have
sent him forth as cheerfully. She was
not dealing to another such measure as
she would not have borne to have dealt
with herself.
It was a little past nine o'clock when
e bell rang, and the servant aoa-
Lnounced Mr. Keene. She had not ex
pected after their bargain to see him
again ; she was glad after all that . he
should have reckoned her among the
number of those to whom it became
him to say farewell. He came in as
calm and self-possessed as ever.
"I have been bidding Emily good
by," he said as he sat down. "1 had
to leave her at 9 o'clock, and I thought
I might venture to come to you.
After all it is by your means that I go,
aud that makes a sort of tie between
Us ; a bond . which it would be pre
sumption to call friendship, and yet
which will make me think of you
when I am gone."
Kate had not the courage to tell him
that his young sister's thoughts would
scarcely follow him with a more con
stant interest than her own. bhe
asked him instead how lify hadj
" Bravely," he answered. " Ho
knew the child8 heart had been al
most broken, but she had kept back
(any utterance of complaint or lamen
tation, whose memory might have un
served him when the hour came to
-test his courage."
' Then theie was silence between
them for a few moments, and he was
the lirsMo break it. i
m t T ' Ml i . i I -r
"i ten you nonestiy why l came
here to-night, Miss fiarcley. I had
been thinking how possible it was that
I might never come backand if that
happened I fear you might regret that
yo u sen t me away. 1 wan ted to guard
against your vexing yourself with any.
such needless sorry. It was the one
longmg of, my heart to go, and if Iftiees
could nave effected it any other way.
I should have done so long ago.
Come whatf may, 1 shall never be sor-
ry. xnaveout one ute, ana mere is a
w i a . i
nothing else I would like so wll to do
it as to give it to mv conntrv.
lean trust milv to von without fear.
aud she was all I bad to keep me back.
In any event. I want von should be
thankful, as 1 shall be, that you helped
me to go."
Kates tears were choking her.
How manly he was! how unselfish,
trying even in this last hour, to shield
her whom he seareely knew from a
possible pang ! Sh$?1& speak,
but she put out her hand, lie took
tenderly.
am going now," he said, his eyes
resting on her as if belonged to soothe
away her tears as he might have done
his sisters.
"God keep yon, Miss Barclay, and
give me strength ro fight valiantly in
the cause for which you have sent me
forth to do battle."
-Before she could speak the "God
bless you !" which trembled on her
lips, he was gone. Would she ever
she him again her soldier f
The next Sunday the principle o:
establishment at Gram prey park was
summoned to an interview with Miss
Barclay.
The latter lady briefly explained the
relation cf protectress m which she
stood to Miss Emily Keene, and ex
pressed the desire that thereafter her
ward should sbend all her vacations
an Sundays at her house. The poor,
solitary , bereaved ciiild'wasglad enough
to go home with her ; and this was the
beginning of a true, sisterly love be
twreen those two.
As the months passed on they grew
nearer and dearer to each other, until
Emily could have scarcely told which
was dearer, the brother tar away, or
the new sister she bad found at home
Kate's life had been solitary hitherto,
since her parents died. The young
srirl hi ed no a void in it. and made
er both better and happier.
. j- -
They read war news together, and
iraeeu m maps toe routes oi xuts arimee.
i - ,i i a u.1 . :
.Lmily herselt was scarcely more ex
cited over the news of a battle tlian
was her friend, who followed with
ceaseless anxiety and daily prayers
the fate ot the soldier whom she had
sent to the field, For a long time he
seemdd fortune's soldier also. He had
boen noticed for his valor, and pro
moted from the ranks ; but he had
passed through all perils unharmed.
Often Miss Barclay recalled their first
interview saw again, as for the first
time, the tall, athletic figure, the reso
lute, nVasteri-ul face the clear, honest
eye ; perhaps she liked Emily all the
better that ttiose same honest gray eyes
shown iroin under the though ifulfore-
head.
All the time when danger seemed
not to touch Richard Keene. she had
a presentiment that his hour of doom
was coming. She never spoke of this
'to Emily, and the child, lulled to a
sense of seenrity by his past immunity
from harm, Was growing to think of
him cheerfully. His letters came often
Written in good spirits, addressed
always to his sister, but never without
Bome cordial, reverent, almost tender
mention of her who sent him forth to
jfight the great fight in her stead. Still
the subtle sense which foretells com
ing danger haunted Miss Barclay like
apjiantom. She could not lull it.
A day came at last when she opened
the paper, feeling what its contents
were before she saw tnera. She read
there that Richard Keene was dead.-
The federals had been repulsed, leav
ing their dead, of whom he was one,
for the enemy to bury.
She read the tidings calmly. She
knew he had died as he would have
wishedy ibr she recalled Ins parting
words, Her soldier was gone her
stake in the war. Her hope of suc
cess seemed to have died with him.
She did not feel like weeping. She
scarcely knew that she felt at all ; only
the cold, dull ache that made her clasp
her hand tight to her heart reminded
her. She said to herself, still calmly,
'M must go to Emily, and tell her that
I sent her brother to his death ?"
She put on her things, and wonder
ed vaguely, that she did not weep as
she saw her own still, composed face
in the glass.
Emily came to her, in the same
room, the front parlor at school, where
they had met first came in joyful
with welcome, but started bacs .ap
palled by the white, still face she met.
Miss Barclay went up to her and said,
drearily.
" Emily, I am all you have now.
He is gone!"
The girl to whom the ill news came
with sach fell suddenness, burst into a
r : e i .1 .
passion 01 gnei , aim men, trying to
comfort her, her, friend wept also, and
the, tears were a strange solace. She
took fcjnily bome with her her sister
from henceforth. She might go back?
CO school another year, perhaps- at
present they had need ot each other.
How dreary the months were which
followed ! Emily was the first to learn
resignation for the loss of her dead,
1 J " J 1 1 IT
wuur uieu so glorious 1 v. jvate was
hauniod forever, as be had feared she
would be, by the idea that she had
sent him to his death ; and not even
the memory of his own assurances,
those generous last words of his, could
give her comfort.
, Ihe summer came the summer of
'62 bringing bird-songs and blossom.
The lovely salt-scented sea breeze rio-
Piea tne waves and shook the pine
into melody. rom afar Mis
Barclay seemed to catch scent and
sound. It aroused her to wish to tread
the sea-side rocks, and press her care
less footsteps in the white sands of the
beach.
They went to a pleasant, quiet nook,
wjucu as yet not enough Deonleimd
been found to spoil. And there the
roses oeean to come aiowlv hack tr
Mis ISarclaY s cheek, and the light to
her eyes. She might grow cheerful
again in time, she thought, if only her
fancy would cease to picture one awful
scene a battle field where the set
ting sun searched with red beams for
the'lain, irad found one face, a faces
she knew, with clear, honest eves, and
I mouth that would uever smile more.
"1
und him mutilate him
after he was
dead? She had heard
such things she wished she could for
get them.
Walking alone one day, she heard
on the 'oath behind her voices Emi-
Iv's and another. She tnrned sndden-
lv. Were her senses dazzled? Did
she dream Do the dead walk She
paw a face over which a Southern turf
mnfit. bflvA irrown loner aero, unless it
bleached white lone ago, unburied, on
the rhast!y battle field. Sight and
Reuses failed her. For the first time
in her life she fainted. When she re
covered she saw onlv Emilv. The
child spoke eagerly :
" It was my brother, alive, himself.
He was wounded, not dead. They took
him prisoner, and last week he was ex
changed. When be came to New York
he found we were here, and followed
us."
She had poured the words into Kate's
ear with might and main, bent on mat
ing her understand the truth, lest she
might faint again. But such swoons
do not happen twice in one day. Miss
Barclay comprehended all now, and
was herself again, ready, with courte
ous greeting, for him who came down
the path the returned warrior, with
the scar seaming his broad brow, and
showing how near he had come to the
tate she had feared.
He had a furlough to get well in, he
said, and then he was going back.
Ot course he stayed with them there
at Sea View for a while, and of course
thev nursed and petted him as women
always do their returned braves. It
was strange how soon all sadness went
out of her manner. One day he said
to her t
" You are too kind to me."
" I do not feel as if I could be," she
answered, " whenr I remember that
V 1 Y 1 (
you have sintered and who sent you
forth to the fight."
lie did not speak again tor a mo
ment, and then he asked a
strange
Question.
" Miss Barclay, what do vou think
of a man, an honest man, who loved a
woman dearly, and felt in his verv
soul that he cas her peer, but did not
ask her to marry him because she was
very rich and he was poor, and he
cnew the world would brand him as a
brtune-hunter ?"
Miss Barclay blushed, but she an
swered bravely:
" 1 should think poorly of a man s
urage whom the world's opinion
could sWay in the most sacred matters
of his heart and his lite ; and, if he be-
ieved the lady would ever remember
on which side the tortune was I 1
should wonder at him for thinking her
worthy of his love."
His eyes those honest, earnest eyes
looked at her with something in
heir glance which thrilled her with
a strange, new, timid joy. He only
said :
" Kate, you know 1 love you. When
I fight again who will pray for me at
home? Whose soldier shall I bet"
I chink her look told him before her
words did, but he bent tenderly to hear
the answer:
Mine !"
The Polish Salt Miner's Life.
I was greatly impressed by the pro
found silence of these vast caverns.
When we stood still, the utter absence
of sound was appalling. Tho falling
of a pin would have been a relief.
Not even the faintest vibration of the
air was perceptible. No desert could
be more silent no solitude more
awful. I stood apart from the guides
and lamp-bearers in a separate vault,
at the distance of a few hundred feet,
in order that I might fully appreciate
this profound inertion, and it really
seemed as it tne world were no more.
T" A.I 1
-from some or tnese tunnels we
emerged into open caverns, where a
few workmen were employed at their
dreary labors. I was surprised that
there were not more to be seen, but
was informed that thev are scattered
in small parties through miles of earth,
so that the number is not apparent to
the casual visitor. As we approached
the place where they were at work,
he dull clicking of the picks and
hammers produced a singular effect
through the vast solitudes : that is the
gnomes, supposed to inhabit gloomy
pits, were busily engaged at their dia
bolical arts.
We came suddenly upon one group
workmen under a shelving ledee.
of
who were ocenpied in detaching mas
ses of crystalized salt from a cleft in
which they worked. They were naked
to the middle, have nothing on but
coarse trowsers and boots, and wrought
with their crowbars and picks by the
light of a few greaso-lamps held by
grimy little boys with shaggy heads
members, no doubt, of the same sub
terranean family.
Some of the men irere lvinarom their
backs punching away with tremendous
toil at the rugged masses of salt over-
k.i ij i-i" j f 'v.: , s
cu, meir ueau, laces anu ooaies gJH-
sering wnn tne snowers ot salt grit
that fell upon them ; while others stood
tip to their arm-pits in dark holes, delv
ing iato the lower crevices. Was it
possible they were human beings, these
bearded shaggy, grimy-looking mon
sters ? Snrely, if so, they well repre
sented the infernal character of the
place. Never upon earth (the surface
of it, I mean,) had I seen sueh a mon
strous group ; shocks of hair all pow
dered with salt : glaring eyeballs over
hung by white lashes flashing in the
fitful blaxo of lamps: brawn v forms
glittering with crystal powder, and
marked by dark currents of sweat
No wonder 1 stared at them with
something akin to distrust. They
might be monsters in reality, and take
a sudden notion to hurl me into one
of their infernal pits by way of pas
time ; in which case the only consola
tion would be, that where there was
such an abundance of salt, there would
be no difficulty about the preservation
of my remains.
After all, there was something sad
in the condition of these poor wretches
shut out from the glorious light of
day, immured in dark, deep pits, hun
dreds of feet under ground; rooting,
as it were, for life, in the bowels of the
earth. Surely, the salt with which
other men flavor their food, is gathered
with infinite toil, and mingled with
bitter sweat I
Yes, strange as it may seem, I was
informed by the guide that these work
men are so accustomed to this kind of
life that they prefer it to any other.
By the rules of the directory, they are
divided into gangs as on board a ship.
The working gang is not permitted to
remain under ground more than eight
hours; it is then relieved. The cur
rent belief that some of them live in
the mines is not sustained by the facts.
In former times it is quite probable
such was the case. At present the
administration of affairs is more hn
man than it was at an early period in
the history of the mines. Ihe opera
fives are free to quit whenever they
Plenty of others are always ready to
fl Th L i JnnA
take their place. Ihe pay is g
averainar from thirty kreutzers
florin a day. "Whenever it is practi
cable, the work is done by the piece.
Each man receives so much for a spe
cified result. Good workmen can
make two or three hundred florins a
year. The salt is gotten out in various
forms, according to the depth of the
stratum. Where it is mixed with an
amaigam of hard earth, it is cut into
cylindrical blocks, and exported in
that form to Russia. The finer quali
ties are crushed and packed in barrels
for exportation to various parts of
Prussia and Anstria.
How little do we reflect upon the
tremendeus aggregate of toil by which
the commonest article of food is pro
cured .' Thus, as we sit at our pleasant
breakfast table the sunshine shedding
its cheerful glory through the curtains
upon the social circle, the white cloth,
the clean knives, the buttered toast and
boiled eggs, so invitingly spread before
us with that charming unconscious
ness of labor we dip up a little salt, and
sprinkle it upon our eggs and butter !
how merrily we chat over the topics of
tne times i 10 De sure, there is no
good reason why we should make our
selves miserable, because what we rel
ish so highly cost labor ; but would it
not be instructive to dwell a moment,
even upon a pinch of salt ? Not to go
into a history of the silver mines which
have served to garnish our table ; the
iron mines, which have furnished us
knives and forks ; or the coal mines.
j i a rr . .
wJagftfbTd us fuel with which to cook
oui rood what a world ot salt seas and
brine springs, and crystal caverns what
an aggregate of human toil, commerce
and enterprise that pinch of salt sug
gests i Yet so common is the use of
this mineral that, like the air we breathe,
we are scarcely conscious of its exist
ence. We next visited the stables in which
the horses are kept for hauling the salt
on the subterranean railways. Many
of these horses, it is said, never see
daylight from the time they enter the
mines. In the course of a few weeks
they lose their sight. A film gradually
grows over the eyes from what cause
I could not ascertain. It may be the
effects of the salt or long continued
darkness though it does not annear
that the miners suffer any inconvenience
in this respect. I remember reading of
some fish without any eyes at all, found
in the Mammoth Cave in Kentucky.
Possibly having but little use for sight,
the horses of Wieliczka go blind from
a natural disposition to accommodate
themselves to circumstances. Har
per's Magazine.
THE JEWS.
Great indignation has been expressed
because of the recent order of one of our
Generals in the West, excluding the Jews
as such from his lines. In this countrv
such an act would seem entirely contrary to
ins spirit ana genius ot our Constitution.
It is said that it is simply a military pre
caution, intended to prevent the conveyance
of intelligence and the formation of con
tracts of a fraudulent character, and this
no doubt is the intention simply and sin
cerely. Nor is there any doubt that some
speculating or traitorous Jews may hare
caused much trouble and embarrassment tn
successful military operations. But is it
oniy jews WHO have acted thus? We i
m w-
think not. There are thousands of other ;
speculators and traitors daily in com muni-
cation with the enemy. There are certain
army officers, certain eavalrv r.ninno! -,w
have been suspected Very stronalv of boM.
l . i . ' .
ing those communications with the enemy
for which their advanced position often
gives them opportunity. But is it right to
inveigh against a class, or against a sect,
for the faults of individuals? Those who
know the Jews best, feel most confidence in
them and know bow great an act of injus
tice and injudiciousness has been commit
ted by an order issued no doubt thought
lessly by one of our Generals, but which,
for the honor of the country and of human
ity in the nineteenth century, will, we can
not doubt, be at once cancelled.
The fa-t is, account for it as w mQ
the Jews,
whatever- thav imn.,1- I
out further
ani with
greater
. w I
earnestness j
! and success than any
n?nnle rn h 'Vi
i 1 - uwv n:iva
i f .. . ' CVUF '
Beginning ot their nationality t noe
tory of the world's civilian and"
modern times. The earliet writ"
records of antiquity have been
hy them, in Egypt they yr!"
eminent. On the banks of the Ni T
Euphrates and the Jordan, they fu '
leaders of the wisdom of antiquity rni
only race ot pure Theists. At Ai th
" T 1 paresis m ancient IT.
SB. in
they united the Greek and Oriental Dh,
nhieit. It was a Jew that v.
ot Mohammed. it was the
r ttii if it i , .
introduced the Aristotelian
me Aristotelian nhilok-
Spain, and thus into Europe, revivui S
lore of letters. The Jews were the tL
ducers of the study of medical and phvsi
soienee. Thev have fnr smm u
science.
capitalists of the civilized
wvriu, aiH? .k.
nave nusneu tneir researrhp Ul
the laws of everv suhiw.t thav i lDto
it . ' "ve evpi.
rni1fipn than nnxr nth!- n.1. t . . c(
they have produced minds like Neander t
in philosophy Spinoza. Yet the lituV k!.
of Khode Island was the first on earth aft
the destruction of Jerusalem, that ever b
law recognized their perfect nnlW,oi
social
about
equality,
the onty
ma -.
xhe U ni tail Sfn
u 111 i
country of the civili70.i
UWUCS K
globe where they have never exneiie,,
political oppression. It is to be honed Zl
shall not begin now.
If a Jew does wrong, punish his ofFcnce,
bot not his race, unless we are prepared to
punish all Christians for the faults of each
and anyi "them. It may be quite proper
to forJfid ajl traders'from certain lines. ht
if mt let all traders be served alike. Or it
y only be necessary
certain offences. If so,
tor tnose
coramitin?
let
the offence h
amed. But a distinguished statesman ha
remarked that he "never saw tho lanj
uu M
flourish that loved to smite a Jew," or, as
a still higher authority has said, they are
44 beloved for their Fathers' sakes." The
Jews have been treated by Christian na
tions in so unchristian a manner that in
Europe, as is asserted of them, they have
acquired the habit of thinking it right to
retaliate by fraud against oppressive power.
But in this country, in proportion as they
have been conceded equal rights, they be
come increasingly reliable. There are some
of the most highly intelligent, educated,
conscientious and patriotic men amone
them to be found anywhere. Some of the
wealthiest families of them are the most
energetic, and have three and four sons
engaged in our army, entrusted with the
most important and critical duties of staff
officers. Philadelphia hedaer.
Interesting from Richmond.
Arrival of Refugees from ths Rebel Capital
Reported Advance; of the Union Forett
on Weldon, N. 'O. A Division of Stone
wall Jackson's Corps sent South The Mer
rimac a Failure Position of Gen. Lti
Army What the Rebels expect from Got.
Seymour. &c., dec.
Washington, Jan. 20, 1863.
The King Philip arrived this morning from
Piaay Point, bringing up John Coyle, bis wife
and two children ; Philip Riley, with his wild
and four children, and John Killduff , refogtw
from Richmond, where they had been at work ia
the Tredegar Iron Works, Coyle and Riley tr
from Troy. N. Y. They left Richmond on Sun
day, the 32fh,;iwt ,, tb A&Brwsss?W and tbs
woman and children riding in a wagon, which
was driven by a contraband, and came by way
of the Mecanicsville Pike, passing Honerer
Court House, where they observed that the reb
els bad a picket, to near Fort Royal., where tbey
ciossed, and precceeded on their way to the Po
tomac, and bailed one of our gunboats and got on
board, from which tbey were transferred to the
King Philip On the way from Richmond they
did not see any rebel soldiers other than the
picket at Hanover Court House.
The week previous to their departure, there
was great excitement in Richmond, owing to a
report that a large Union force, numbering eighty
thousand, was on the way to Weldon N. C aud
that a large fleet of gunboats were in the waters
of North Carolina.
About the same time General Anderson's dm
sion of General Jackson's army, numbering about
fifteen thousand meo, passed through Richmond
and went south, which fact added much to the
excitement.
The floating battery Herri mae is a perfect
failure, being top heavy, and she is lying at
Rockett3 with a scow on each side to keep hit
afloat. Several times she has been taken oat
into the stream with the scows alongside ; bat
whenever it was attempted to remove the scowl
she careened at such a rate that they were oblig
ed to replace them and bring her back to er
moorings. For upward of three weeks she was
tried in this manner, but at last, tired out wilh
attempts to make her set right in the water, they
have given her op and acknowledge her a failure.
At the Tredegar Works they have six hundred
men at work, mainly on shot and guns, but the
latter are mostly unserviceable, the metal which
they are working being ef inferior quality, end
none other to be had. Lately several guns bars
been condemned on this account, and they are
now banding them with wrought ii on.
On Friday, before they left, about one hundred
and fifty Union prisoners were marched from the
prison to the Works, and arrangements made to
work them, and the following Monday they all
went to work. Fiftv had nrPvinnW taken the
oath to the cocfederacv.
Ihe citv is well fertifioi) at ATrv noint. ana
the fortifications garrisoned with bot a annul
number of men. They have over one hundred
position around the city.
The main bodv of the rehl armv ia said to be
about midway between Fredericksburg and
Richmond, on the railroad
There is said to be considerable Union aeati
ment yet in the city ; even secesb is becoming
sick of the war. They, however, believe that
they are to be soccr ssfbl. and claim that the pro
clamation of President Lincoln will cause many
of the Union soldiers to lay down their arms.
They say that Seymour will not allow any
more troops to leave Hew York, and that other
conservative Governors will follow the same
conn?e. - : 'J ...,-.-;- . ..r-:.-.
Provisions are rerv scarce in the citr. and
thero is tench rafferinir amon? the Doorer classes.
tn forty to fifty dollar per month is charged
tlrimoil hoar,d' f01 i?Hnr fro1?
eggs at $1 25 per dozen
The Affair at Fredericksburg Butnsidc's
Judgmemt Corrtt. We learned immediately after
the engagement of Saturday at Fredericksburg,
that the rebels bad so far exhausted their supplies
ef artillery ammunition as to be compelled to fire
bare of iron from their cannon These state
ments are now not oniv confirmed, bnt it is cer
tain tbey also fired stones and such other unusual
missiles as came te hand most easily. T.'iere
seems to remain scarcely a doubt that their ord
nance would have been nearly useless on Sunday;
and it becomes more and more plain that Genera
BurasioVs judgment was correct in the whole
proceeding, and that his chief error was in nbof"
dinating his own convictions to those of his offic
er. Had the battle been renewed on Sunday
success- would most likely have erowned h
efforts, and the Army of tbe Potomac wouw
have secured,
lor tbe first time, those su
ii una ui w iviwi w ui w uv,t v j mm -w
boeu a
often deprircd by envious fortune.
t r. lllnl

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