Newspaper Page Text
Jlm. ju K Jar.
The Emancipation Proclamation of President
Lincoln was given to the world on the 1st inst.
mid lias probably been already perused by the
great majority of readers in the loyal Suites.
It declares the freedom of all slaves in those
portions of the country now in armed rebellion
against the Government. Those portions com
prise the States of Aikansas, Texas, .Louisiana,
Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South
Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia, except
ing lhr:S3 parts of Virginia, and Louisiana,
which are under government control. Ho en
joins upon the persons thus declared free to
abstain from all violence, except in necessary
self-defence, and further declares that such
persons, of suitable condition, will be received
into the armed service of the United Slates, to
garrison forts, man vessels, etc.
The great battle at Murfreesboro, commenced
in earnest on Wednesday. The fig'iting ap
pears to have been terrible. At 2 o'clock, p.
in., Gen. Thomas had broken the rebel centre,
and our whole line was immediately advanced
under the personal supervision of Gen. Kosen
crans the artillery, under Gen. Negley, mean
time, still playing with fearful effect upon the
broken ranks of the enemy. Gen. Crittenden's
left wing bad taken the intrenchments at Mur
freesboro. On our side Gens. Stanly, Uosseau
and Palmer had been wounded, while on the
rebel side Gens. Cheathem and Rains bad been
Not the least important of the news from
the West, relates to the defeat of John Morgan,
the guerilla. During his last raid into Ken
iucky, ho has been met at various points, by
our forces, and has almost invariably been
worsted. The most decisive victory he has
suffered, however, was at the hands of Colonel
Iloskins, of the National forces at Lebanon.
lie attacked Morgan on Thursday, south of
the Columbia road, killed and wounded sever
al of his men, and captured sixty, together
with their caissons, ammunition, wagons and
provisions. Gen. Boyle telegraphs from head
quarters, in Louisville, that Morgan has paid
dearly for all the damage he has done this
Gen. Wright, commanding the Department
the Ohio, has notified the War Department, of
thesncccssful expeditions against the guerillas,
one into Campbell county, lenn., jn wnicu
a camp of rebels 030 strong was completely
broken up, and the other into the eastern part
nf Powell countv. Kv.. in which a large band
of guerillas, with supplies for Humphrey Mar
shall's army, were surprised and routed.
Frm the Army of the Potomac we ltavo no
news of special importance. The rebel Stuart
it ia reported, has succeeded in making his
way back across the Rappahannock, some
where in the vicinity of Warrentori. Several
contrabands came into camp and were receiv
ed in accoj dance with the terms of the Presi
. dent'3 Proclamation.
The steamer S. K. Spaulding arrived at New
York on Thursday, bringing Gen. Butler and
staff, and advices from New Orleans to the
FTirr rr H ilawi mmti IT 1IT , - --------- asiimiuii
arrived Friday, from the same port, with ad
vices to the J25th one day later. Our corres-
.pondence gives full details of the news, which
is of considerable importance. General Butler,
before he left New Orleans, issued an address
to the people of the city, and Gen. Hanks had
issued another proclamation. Some symptoms
of disorder had appeared in the city after tl e
change in command was effected, but all such
tendencies were promptly checked by orders
from Gen. Banks. An order had been issued
for freeing certain State prisoners confined in
the forts and elsewhere, conditioned on their
. . i i . u .. f 1 1 : a .1
lading uic uittu vi citit-!uiii:t;. Aiiuiucr or uur
directed the reopening of the churches, under
curtain riiCtrtf! inn KnthilliT ff iitnmnnt 1 1 -i 1 1
been heard from Vicksburg or Port Hudson,
and nothing had transpired as to Gen. Banks'
intended movements. It is estimated, howev
er, that he has marked out a campaign, mak
ing Baton Rouge his base of operations.
Thos. O. Moore, the rebel Governor of Louis
iana, issued a proclamation calling a special
session of the General Assembly of the State
for December 15 at Opelousas, " to consider
and provide for the exigencies of public de
fence, and such other matters of special or
general interest as may deserve legislation."
Rebel newspapers received in New Orleans
give us some interesting items of news. Jeff.
Davis was in Jackson, Miss., on Dec. 19. At
Chattanooga, bets were freely offered by one
or two who claimed to be posted, that the
rebels would be in Nashville before New Year.
Gen. Pemberton denies emphatically that he
ever delivered such a speech as that recently
attributed to him, in which he declared that if
England 'op2gj'" il?;rfi;ri' in nnr 1 '"' '
lies, the South would unite with the North in !
an effort to whip her. Col. L. M. Lamar, of
the Eighth Georgia, and brother of Col. L. L.
C. Lamar, is to make a visit to Europe lor bis
health. As late as Nov. 30, very few families
bad re'urned to Wilmington, N. C, and the
city looked gloomy. Ger. Wiiiting had de
clared that he would burn the city if he found
that he could not hold it.
A society of free persons of color, desirous
of emigrating to Florida, has been organized ;
in New Orleans, with W. C. Johnson as Pre
sident. Gov. Sheplcy indorses the objects of
the association as judicious ami Uuuxib'e..
Th Memphis Argus, of the -7ih ult., says
that a gentleman wIm. reached that city only
five days out from Little Rock on the 20th,
states that on the day of his departure from
the Arkansas Capitai,intclligi nee was receiver?
of another severe battle betw een Gens. Blunt
and Ilinduian, :n the northwestern portion of
the State. Gen. Ilinduian had sent a dspn'ch
to Little Rock, announcing that he had driven
the enemy titty miles back. a'.nl that as soon
as the Federals had finish-.-! buiying the dead
the battle would be renewed. It w;is ur,d -r-StO'id
that Ilinduian siib.u' ;eir.!y i.d'.uitted
that he did fail back some tiny ur.U's, but the
r. .i on alleged is that lie was that iiistar.ee
from his supplies. This iii.rpiesMO'-.aUy has
reference to the tLrriiii'i ilefcal of the tcbtls in
the bailie c,f Pratrtc Glove.
At an election held in the engine house of
the N. Y. Engine Co., No. 1, of Ne.vbern, the
following olliccrs were elected for the ensuing
Win. J. R s.-5. Foreman, (vice W. II. Racy,
elected Assistant Engineer.)
Thos. W. Davidson, Assistant Foreman.
Geo. W. Odel!, Secretary.
John A. Riear.l, 'J'rfuxitrcr.
John A. Ricard, John McCormick, Repre
sen tat it en.
Various reasons have been assigned for Jeff.
Davis' visit to the West. Among the mo-it
plausible, as well as the most profane, was one
by an army officer in Grenada, who expressed
the belief that "Da is was coming out to
straighten up things, which had got crooked
as h 11 !'
The pirate Alabama has again announced
its existence and its terrible presence, by plun
dering the California steamer Ariel on its way
to Aspinwall. Cannot our Government devise
some means of removing this Devil's scourge
from the seas ?
John Wentworth, of Chicago, goes to
in the spring for two years. The Duk; f
Newcastle has invited him to visit his reside. ;
;n England. Imagine "Long Joiiu" perainipt
lating baronial halls ! 'n-
" . tf
In the public square opposite the old Cathe
dral, in New Orleans, is a copy of Clark Mills'
equestrian statue of Jackson, erected by him
in front of the President's House, Washington.
The statue is on a base of gray granite some
twenty feet high. At the time of its erection
there was to have been an inscription beneath
it of the General's inoft memorable words,
"The Union must and shall be preserved," but
there was treason enougli among the parties
who had the affair in charge even at that time
to neglect this important part of tlssir duty.
A short time since. Gen. Butler ordered that
the words so full of meaning "should be cut
deep in the granite, and covered with gold."
Many members of the Georgia House cf
Representatives ire shod with dog skin lcath
er. There are dogs enough in the State to
shoe every soldier in the confederate army,
says an Augusta (Ga.) newspaper, urging their
destruction for the purpose.
A Congressman, speaking the other night
to the President of the bitter ccld night, said,
'What a terrible night this must be for the un
fortunate soldiers who were badly provided
with shelter.' The President answered, 'would
that I had one of their places. There is not a
man in the army with whom I would not wil
lingly change places to-night."
The Colt Revolving Fire Arms Company, of
Hartford, have declared a dividend of thirty
per cent, on the capital stock, thereby putting
the neat little sum ot $300,000 in the stock,
The late cotton crop in Algeria has not been
as productive as was expected. The English
Company which had proposed to cultivate col
ton in that country had withdrawn.
Gen. Bonham has been unanimously elected
Governor of South Carolina, in place of Gen
Giogg, ti h
The New York papers say there is an appa
rent falling off in the rush at the post-office in
that city for the redemption of stamps. Good
chance? in the long line command a fair pre
mium. About S0,000 worth of stamps were
received last week, of which nearly one-eighth
were examined and redeemed.
Sassacus is the nmie of a new war steamer
launched at the Portsmouth, N. II., navy yard.
Why not call it Saucy Cuss, and be done with
There are eleven merchant vessels and one
United States gunboat now building at Bath,
The Cedar Rapids- railroad now extends to a
point 145 miles west of the Mississippi.
Coal of the best quality is retailing in Louis
ville for twenty cents per bushel.
The Ellsworth ( Me. ) American says that
Gen. Blunt, who is giving the rebels in Ar
kansas a hard time, and who seems to be a
" wide-awake" of the first water, was born in
Trenton, Maine ; and twenty-five years ago
was working for his board, and attendii.g
school in Elsworth.
TP" 't"!l"P ""II
ul'ln lull V?reif
Biitain in 1801 amounted to 23,692,955,
nearly three-fourths of which, or $17,590,083
was collected on the articles of sugar, tea and
tobacco. Of the inland excise duty, more than
one-half, or 9,010,201 was collected on spirits
The Philadelphia Press states that a lady in
Germantown has an articls of dress which was
made from cotton raised from seed received
from the Patent OfIic-9 last spring, and planted
Newpukn-, N. C, Jan. 5th, ISG3.
At a regular monthly meeting of " New
York " Engine Company No. 1, of Newborn,
the following resolutions was ot&red by Mr.
John C. Ycako, raid unanimously adopted :
Resulted,. That we the mem'.n-rs of this
company, tender our sincere thanks to or
late Foreman,- Mr. Wilhatn II Kae y, for his
gentlemanly conduct in ail h,s dealings with
this company, and likewise the clheient man
ner i;i which he has discharged his duties
u hil j act in - as foreman of this company since
Ri.ir, , That as he has been elected As
sistant Engine! r of this department, we are
confident he will fiil that position to ot.r entire
Ru'dci-d, That these resolutions be pub-I'sln-d
in the .V, irh. ra I'mpnts, X. C, arid
.ni-biy Mi. i i'ii r, and J.-.-uUt id New York
City. Join A. Uii'Aiii), Chairman,
R. II. Ilit-Tos, :Uarv.
JL jLGPriblo BsfctlG !
Attack Upon the Rebels at Mur
freesboro by Gen. Rosecrans.
SEVERE FIGirri.XG ALL DAY
THE REBEL CEXJRE EROKEX BY
Their IntrcHflnncsils t.t UIurff.ee
GEXS. ROUSSEAU, PALMER AND
The Rebel Cracrntii C'fientbuni nil (I ICaiua
Xenr Zlurfrceslioro, Wednesday, Dec. 31.
Our whole line suffered terribly this morn
ing. Four regiments of regulars lost half
their men and all their commanding officers.
Gen. Anderson's troops suffered severely.
Major Rosenjrarten and Ward are killed.
General Stanley, Rousseau and Palmer arc
Two o'clock, P. M.
Gen. Thomas has just broken the rebel cen
tre, and driven the enemy a mile.
We are advancing our whole line.
Gen. Rosecrans is personally superintending
the movements. One shot killed two ot his
The Fifteenth Wisconsin Regiment has lost
Gen. Negley s artillery is still mowing the
rebels in the centre.
Gen. Crittenden's left wing has taken the in
trenclnnents at Murfreesboro.
The rebel Generals Cheatham and Rains are
Reports Received in Washington.
Washington, Friday, Jan. 2.
The Secretary of War to day received the
following acV.ces :
Cleveland, Frit'ay, Jan. 2.
The following has been received by tele
graph from Cincinnati, dated Murfreesboro,
Jan. 1, lS(j:J :
A terrible battle was fought yesterday. The
latest from the fkld is up to noon. The rebel
centre hail been broken, and things looked fa
vorable. The losses are reported to bo enor
mous. Stanley, Rousseau and Palmer are
wounded, and the rebels Cheatham and Rains
Gen. Rosecrans occupies Murfeesboro.
(Signed.) J. T. BOYLE, Brig. General.
The Rebel Driven Out of ITEnrf reccboro
The I. - Very ferere.
N.vsnyn.LK, Friday, Jan. 2.
The Federals encountered the rebels on the
30:h uh., near Stewart's Creek- After heavy
skirmishing, the rebels were driven back. We
captured one hundred prisone-F, and kilied and
wouuded a large number of rebels. Our loss
was seventy killed and wounded.
At daybreak, on the 31st, the flg'it was re
sumed with great fury. McCook's corps was
opposed to Hardee. After desperate lighting,
with heavy loss on both sides, McCook retreat
ed two miles. He soon rallied, and was driven
back. At night he was four miles this side ol
the ground occupied in the morning. The
fight continued until 10 P. M., at which time
we had maintained our position.
Gen. J. E. Raines was killed. Gen. Cheat
ham was wounded and taken prisorter.
We have ciptured 500 prisoners.
Renewal of I tie Bntile on the 11.
Tho fight was renewed at 3 A. M., on Jan. 1.
The cannonading was heard at Nashville. At
10 A. M., .Vood's and Van Clive's Divisions
were in Murfreisboro driving the enemy, who
were' in full retreat.
Three hundred prisoners reached Nashville
at 6 P. M., on Jan. I, including the following
Maj. J. J. Franklin, Thirtieth Arkansas.
CupL W. E Johnson, Second Arkansas.
Capt. J. P. Eagles, Second Arkansas.
Oapt. S. C. Stone, First Tennes.S'-e Cavalry.
Many buildings have been taken for hospital
purposes. Great numbers of wounded are
being brought in now.
The river has fallen 18 inches on tho shoals.
Defeat of the Guerilla Morgan.
A Large Suiauir off I2is 3Icn Killed
Onr Force SMill in Pnrtnit.
Lotisviu.E, Ky., Friday. Jan. 2.
Col. Iloskins of the 12th Kentucky Regi
ment, commanding the Federal forces at Leba
non, Kentucky, attacked the Guerilla Morgan,
south of the Columbia road yesterday, killing
and wounding feveral and capturing sixty of
his force, together with their caissons, ammu
nition wagons and provisions. Col. Halhday,
of the Sixih Kentucky Regiment, Lieut. Col.
Boyle, commanding Ninth Kentucky Cavalry,
with the Sixth Kentucky Infantry are in pur
suit of Morgan. The infantry are under Col.
Morgan is retreating very rapidly in the di
rection of Columbia.
THE AIUIY OF -THE POTOMAC,
ESCAPE OF STUART ACROSS THE
Contrabands Coming; into Camp.
Headquarters, Army of the Potomac.
Thursday, Jan. 1, 18G3.
The day has been unmarked by any move
ment of importance. The officers of the vari
ous Corps have exchanged the civilities of the
There is nothing of importance fronr front.
Intelligence has been received that Stuart
has succeeded in retiring across the Rappahan
nock near Warren ton.
Headquarters, Army of the Fofoitiac, )
Friday, "Jan. 2. 10S; f
Gen. Burns.ide returned from Washington
this forenoon, and ims been visited by his
Grand Division commanders.
Several contrabands came into camp to-day,
am were received in accordance with the
CAPTURE OF r.lERILLilS.
Rcocl Cavalry JJrice.i from' tVarrenton.
W.Ysnisr.Tox, Friday, Jnn. 2.
A number of guerillas have been captured
at Chapawamsel Creek, by Col. Canby's forces.
Gen. Averill drove one hundred and sixty
rebel cavalry from Warrenton yesturdav. Part
I of Lee's Cavalry passed through that place
i two hours before the arrival ol our forces.
&lemnmliip Caledonia Ahore.
1 Boston, Friday, Jan. 2.
The British steamer Caledonia, from Glas
gow, ia Portland, for New York, went ashore
' on the night of the :11st. on Peaked II ill Bar,
j Cape Cod. Shi is hard and fast-
Iresen- Lincoln's Proclamation
The Slaves in. Arkansas, Texas, Mis
sissi2pi, Alabama, Florida,
Georgia, ISoiUh Carolina
and North Carolina
Declared to be Free.
Parts or Lo;iliaiiii and Virginia
The Xejerorn to be Reeeiveil into the Armed
Service ox' ttie luilcil ettatea.
Washington, Thursday, Jan. 1. 1863.
By the President of the United States of America
a Proclamation :
Whereas, on the twentynecond day of Septem
ber, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and sixty-two, a Proclamation va
issued by the President of tho United states
containing among other things the following, to
That on the first day of Jannnry. iu the year
of our Lord- one tln.ii-.anj ti-ht hundred and
sixty three, all persons held as slaves within any
Stato or designated part of a .Stnte, the people
whereof shall there be in rebellion nsninst the
United States, shall ha then, thenceforth, ' and
fo-rcrer free ; and tile Executive Government of
the Ui.ited States, including the Military and
Naval authority thereof will recognize and main
taiu the freedom of such persons, and will do no
act or aets to repress such persons or any of them
in any effort they may make for their actual ftve
dom That the Executive will, on the first dny
of .lannary aforesaid, by Proclamation, designate
the States and parts ot States, if any, in which
the people therein, respectively, shall then be in
rebellion against the United States, nr.d the fact
that an-JhtHto or the people thereof, shall on
timt dy be. in good faith represented iu the Cod
gruos of the United Slates by Members chosen
thereto at. elections wherein n majority of the
qualified voters rf such States sha I have -.artici-patod,
shall in the nhsiice of strong counter
vailing testimony, b; tit-t-mrd conclusive evidence
that such Slate and the people thereof, are Lot
then in rebellion against the United Stntes "
Now, therefore, I. Aiikaii.vm Lincoln, Presi
dent of the United States, by virtue of the power
in ine vested, as Commander-in Chief of the
Army and X.ivy of the United Slates, in time of
actual armed rebellion against the authority and
Government of the United States, and hs a fit
and necessary war measure for suppressing said
rebellion, do, on the firt day of January, in the
year of oar Lord one thousand eijrht handred
ond sixty-three, mid in .Accordance with my pur
pose so to do, publicly roeiaimed for the full
period of one hundred days from the day of the
first above mentioned order, and designated ns
the States and parti, of .Staffs wherein the peo
ple thereof respectively are this day in rebellion
against the United States, the following, to wit :
ARKANSAS, TEXAS. LOUISIANA -except
the Parishes of St Bernard, Plaquemines, JetTer
?on, St. John, St. Charles, St James, Ascension,
AMiimnlMin Tprra Ltnnnn T .frt!lia Sf M.irv
St M m tin. and Orleans, iocluding the City ofl
iNew Orleans MJS.siSSIl'FJ. ALAiJ AMA, H.O
KIDA. GEOliGIA, SOUTH CAROLINA,
NOKTH CAROLINA and VI EG INI A except
the forty eight counties designated as West Vir
ginia, and also the counties of Beikh y, Accomac,
i.orthampton. Eli2abeth City, York. Princess Ann
and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and
Portsmouth, and which excepted parts, are for
the present, left precisely as if this proclamation
were not issued.
And, by virtue of the power, and for the pnr
pose afo.esaid, I do aver and declare that all per
sons held as slaves within said designated States
and parts of States are, and henceforward, shall
be Kit EE, and that the Executive Government of
the United Stales, including the military and
naval authorit.es thereof, will recognize anJ
maintain the freedom of said persons.
And I hereby enjoin upon the people bo de
clared to be frej, to abstain from all violence un
less in necessary selt-defence, and I recommend
to them that in all cased, when allowed, they la
bor faithfully f ir reasonable wages.
And I further declare and make known that
suiirersoin cf suitable condition, will be re
ccitTa into the armed service of the United
Stales, to garrison forts, posiiions, stations, and
other places, and to man vcsse.s of all sorts iu
And. upon this sincerely believed to be an
act of justice, warranted by the Constitution
upon military necessity I invoke the consider
ate judgment of mankind and the gracious tavor
of A mighty G.)d- '
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my
hand and cau.-ed the seal of the Uuited States to
Dne at the City of Washington, this
tirst day of January, in the year of
se.V. Our Lord one thousand eight hundred
mid" sitly three, and of the IiioYpen
dence of the United Slates of Americn
the eighty seven,
fsigned) ABRAHAM LINCOLN
Hy the Piesident, W.M. H. StWAKU, Secretary
Important from Suffolk, Va.
Gen. Corcoran with his Rrigmlc at tTiat Place
(Sen. Peel's Command Moving.
TJAi.TtMOiiK, Faiday, Jan. 2.
The American's correspondent at Suffolk,
announces tho arrival there of Gen. Corcoran,
wi h his entire brigade. lie is to take com
Gen. Peck's command is movfrig.
Skirmishing with the rebels coivtinnes to be
of daily occurrence, and they have been routed
on every occasion.
. Arrival, of the Glasgow.
The British steamer Glasgow, Capt. Roskell,
arrived at New York on tho 29th tilt., from
Liverpool via Queenstown. She left the latter
port on the evening of the 4th trit.
The ship Symmetry from New Vork frf
Belfast, had put into Queenstown, and reports
that on the 19th November, sho was run into
by the United States steamer Vanderbilt, and
received severe- Wnmngc.
ine United States corvette Onward, Capt.
Nickel", put into' Falmouth on the 6tb, last
from- Fayal, to repair some slight damage, and
to re-victual. It is stated thart her crew were
in a very unsatisfactory stale of discipline,
and that her officers could not go ashore in the
ship's boats, from fear of the men deserting.
CHEAT II K I X A !V .
TUE AMEKfCAS WAK.
Oa the Sth ult., Mr. Leatoam, M. P.r wl
dressed his constituents at lludderslield. He
spoke in' reference to ths American war, as
They were ftot fn a position, with their very
limited information as to the effect of the block
ade upon the South, to predict how long the
heroic ragamuffins of which the Southern
armies were composed would bo able to pro
long the unequal contest. Yet he thought it
was certain that unless the mind of America
should change, and the Democratic party
should prevail upon the North to shrink from
those sacrifices and efforts which were neces
sary to insure success, or unless Europe should
interfere to break the blockade, the procesr.
that was now silently and surely going on
must ultimately end in the complete prostra
tion ami exhaustion of the South.
Nothing could be more oli'ensive to a high
spirited people like the Americans, than the
cold dissection of their policy on the part of
those who stood aloof from their passions and
fears, and who, perched upon : :i etuiiv iice o!
security, aunsed themselves by shooting keen
arrows of ridcule in the midst of men who
were struggling for their lives. I5ut for other
reasons it was necessary they should sift this
question. It was necessary they should do
so because tin position ol neutrality that this
country had viscly assumed and all honor to
the government for the steadiness with whiih
they had adhered to that neutrality which wns
ondangcred by the eager p:u tizanship ol those
who, not content with taking a side upon this
question, were anxious to cirry their sympa
thy forward inta action.
TTliecel !o neons.
The ship Eliza, bound from Liverpool for
Monte Vedeo, was wrecked as she was going
down the Irish Channel, and tweritj--four per
sons perished. Only two of the crew were
saved. The mate was an American named
Burns, and nearly all thociew were American.
The Daily News, in the City Article. ays :
"It is understood that the Confederate Govern
ment are endeavoring to issue in this country
privately and otherwise, bonds oearing ioter
est at the rate of 8 per cent."
A terrible colliery explosion, from firedamp,
had taken place at the Edmonds main colliery,
near Barnsley. The number of men in the
mine at the time, is variously estimated at
from lifty to one hundred, all of whom per
It is stated that Queen Victoria will wear
deep mourning for another year, and that
next year the levees will be held by the Prince
of Wales, and the drawing rooms by his Royal
Highness and the Princess of Wales.
An officer and fifteen seamen from the Brit
ish gunboat Penguin, having lauded on tho
coast of Arabia by invitation from the natives,
in order to procure provisions, were barbarous
ly murdered. Seventy of the natives, who
were principally concerned in the murders), had
been captured, and were to be hung.
The formal inauguration of the Boulevard
des Prince Eugene by the Emperor in person
took place on Sunday the T'h instant, and till
passed oil well. The spectacle was a luamfi
cent one. The Emperor rode on horseback,
and was attired in a general's uniform, l'rince
Napoleon and Prince Joachim Murat rode by
his side, and they were followed by a brilliant
staff of marshalls, generals, &c. The Empress
rode in a stale carriage, accompanied by her
ladies of honor.
The miiiutary cortege was an imposing one.
Immense crowds were present and the Emperor
and Empress were well received. On arriving
at the Place du Trone, addresses were read to
the Emperor by the Prelect and by M. Dumas,
president of the Municipal Council. Amid
profound silc ice the Emperor stood up to
ilo s.iid his constant des.'ra w.is io seek fhr the
men of r rn-d vir.or any iiioiuutitary slackness ot
employment, nuu to improve the coiiu'itiuii ot the
laboring classes. The question of public tdiaienb
ation had recently afti acted Ids particular attsn
tion, Tho last discussion in the Couni.il of Sti te
ill cause the introduction of some useful reforms
into the trade (t bakers.
He . ongratuUted the peifect and the Slunici
p .1 Council on the zeal they had displayed in
carrying oat his wishes, lie felt, he said, great
ly touched at the delicate attention shown in
n ulling the transversa boulevard after bis mother,
Qneeu Horteuse ; bat he could not keep for his
f imily the monopoly of homaga which was due
to the national glory. lie therefore requested
fiat the boulevard now called after Queeu Iior
tense should henceforth bear the name of Boule
vard de Richard Lenoir, iu order to perpetuate
the mnmory of one of the working classes who
had won wealth and honor by perseverance and
probity, and who also had put himself at the
liead of his workmen iu days of danger to fight
for his country.
The close of the Imperial speecfi was tfio sig
nal forthe greatest applause, which was rinewed
when he distributed a good number of crosses
on the recommendation of his miuisters, who
were all iu attendance upon him.
This finished the ceremony. The Emperor
mounted his horse and took the lead, followed
by the same brilliant staff. The Empress eu
tered her carriage iih her attendants, the es
cort fell into its place, the bands played, the
crowds applauded, aud the tortege returned, to
Much satisfaction was expressed in Paris at
the opening of the new boulevard passing off
without any disagreeable iucideut, as there had
been a general feeling of uneasiness. The Prince
Imperial did not acco pany the Emperor.
liy a tn aty concluded on the tith liecember,
between the fresideul of the S"ias Coufedern
tion and the French Ambassador, the valley of
L)pi es his been ceded to fiance in counters
tion of the cessioa of an equal extent of territo
ry in S-A-irzerl.-md.
lite Opiniunc Rationale has received a second
warning for a publication of f.n article entitled,
Martyrdom of the Clerical Party. " The mo
tives of the warning are sujed to be, that the
Ojiinionc XatiomtU, notwithstanding that it has
reee.ved several semi ofuci.d warning, h is con
tinued to falsely attribute ail the acts of the gov
ernment to what it terms "clerical influences,''
and to misrepresent the libera! intentions of the
government of the Emperor.
Horace Vernet was dangerously ill and had
received the last sacrament.
'1 ha MonitruT, says the Emperor, hearing of
the. illness ot Horace Vernet, had sent to mat
eminent artist an autograph letter, aud the decor
a'.ious of Grand Ollio. r of tho Legion of liouor.
The official Turin Gazette publishes a foval
decree, appointing the following as the new nun
1-ariui President of the Counci'.
Pasi liui Minister of Foreign Affairs'.
Peruzzi Minister of the Interior,
Piscenelli Minister of Justice.
Miughetti Minister of Finance.
Delta Rovere Minister of WVrv
McnHbrea Minister of Public Works
Parliament would reassemble on the 11 th
Garibaldi will soon be well enough to return to
The Queen of Spain in fier annual speech
The Cutholic sentiments of Spain are also. my
sentiments : and may God favor our wishes' and
our eff. irts, so that the. troubles of the Sovereign
Pontiff, who is the constant object of my deep
est veneration, uiay cease.
My relations with foreign powers continue to
be friendly. I hope for a satisfactory conclusion
of the difficulties that the disagreement of the
plenipotei.tiartes in Mexico has opposed to the
execution of the treaty of London. The unex
pected obstacles which have prevented th-.t execution-
have not changed the desire I feel for the
accomplishment of i', and the realization ot the
idea upon which it was based.
My government will present to yoct the com
rouuieations respecting the grave events which
have happened on tho coast of Cuba ; and I feel
confident that these events will not change the
excellent relations which I maintain with the
United States government. Our colonies are
every day becoming more flourishing in spite of
mo injury mat me American war lnmcts upon
their commerce and their productions. Their
distance from their Peuinsula increases my soli
citude in their behalf. Iu their government and
administration reforms are wanted, destiuod, in
accordance with the example cf my august au
cestors to maUe one nation of ail Spaniards iu
every country in ths world.
Not a Bad Excuse. Those who i?o round
with tin cntri' u ion box "'. California churches !
pleul :'.nd a. ;a; ti: ciis'j i!t lite pi-ws as they go
lon. In o:.i instance tho fu'.lo.y ii:g- dialogue
eiiued : Parson 1. -xtet!il-.;i the basket to
Bip. and h.y slowly si:-, i; lis heal. 'Come.
WHUn.m, jriv- v. soon M-.iirr.' saH li e p n
Can't io it,' r.-nHed Hi::. -Why not? li not
the cauo pod om1 V"s, -mi-I enonh. hut
I am not at-ie to L-ivo anything.' "Poii ! poll .' I
know bRVtr ; you inu.stgivo a better r-.jison than 1
that.' Well. 1 owe too much money ; 1 must be
just before 1 am generous, yon know.' -Rut. '
William, you owe God a larger debt than you 1
owe any one else. -'i h;U"a true, parson: but
then ho iiin't pushing me like the ivst of n y ;
creditors.' The argucr.t -,v occlusive. j
( en. Kulfer's Fnrrwell Aditreo.
Citizens qfXitc Orleans: It may r.ot bo
inappropriate, as it is not inopportune in oc
casion, that there should be addressed to you
a few woids at pfirtinsr, by one whose name is
to be hereafter indissolubly connected with
I shall speak in no bitterness, because I am
not conscious of a single person's animosity.
Commanding the Army of the Hull, 1 foiir. i
you captured, but not surrendered ; ci-mpjered
but not orjily ; relieved irom the pre.icnc of
an army, but incapable of taking care of your
selves. I restored ord-T, punished crime,
opened commerce, brought provisions to your
starving people, reformed your currency,, and
gave you rpiict and protection, such as you
had not et-joyed for many years.
While d ling this, my soldiers were aulijopt
ed to obh ipiy, riproueh and insult.
And now, sptaxinr to y.ou, who know fho
truth, I here declare that lioever has quietly
riinained about his business, affording rcitf er
aid nor comfort to the enemies of the United
States, has never been interfered with by tho
soldiers of the United States.
The men w ho had assi-nied to govern ynti
and to dehnd your city in trrms having lied,
some of your women 1'n.u'eJ at the presence of
those who came to piouct them1. I'.y a simple,
older, (No. 28,) I called upon tvury mldiei of
this arm3- to treat the women of Netr Orleans
as g.?nt'eii.cn should deal witU the sex, with
such iff.ct that I now c-:!l upon the just iniud
id ladies of New Oilcans, to say wl a;hcr they
have ever enjoyed te complete piotection and
calm quiet for themseUes and thiir families,
as t-ineo the advent of the Unit'.d Satis troops.
The enemies of my country, unrepentant and
iinplR-ab!e, J hae tieatrd with mentiid severity.
I hold that rebt-lliou is treason, and that- treason
persistdd iu is death, and any punishment abort
of that due a traitor gives so n noli clear- pat to
him from the clemency of the Govern met t.
Upon Ibis thesis have 1 administered th authori
ty of the United States because of which I am
not unconscious of complaint. I 0 not feel th. t
I have erred iu too much harshness, : ft Whit
harshness has ever been exhibited to disloyal
enemies to my country mid not to loyal friends.
To be sure I might have regaled you with tho
amenities ofsilriiish civilization, mid yet - been
within the stappnst d rules cf civilised warfare.
Yon might have been smoked to. death in cav
erns, as were the CovenaT.fers of Sci.t'aBd by
the command of a General of tha Royal Hoasa
of England ; or roasted liku ilie inhabitants -of
Algiers during the French campiugn : your wives
and daughters might have beon given over to
the ravish'er a were the unfortunate danies'of
Spain in tbe Peninsular war; or you might b'-rvo
been scalped and tomahawked as our inMher
were at Wyoming by the savage allii-s of Great
Biitain in our own Revolution ; your property
could have been turned over to iudisciiminata
"loot'' like the Palace of The Emperor of China ;
works of art w hich adorned yonr buildings-might
have been sent away .like the paintings of tju
Vatican : your sons niirht have been blowu f;-vnn
the mouths of cannon like the & poys at D'wl'ii ;
and yet all this wonld been within the riilfssof
civiliz?d warfare as practiced by tha uioat polish-
ed and the most hypociiticnf nations of Europe.
For such'acts the records of the d -ings of mmn
inhabitants of your city towards, the friends-. of
the Union, before my coniing, w.ro a satlieieut
provocative and justificat.ori. " ' .
But I have not so conducted. On the contrary,
the worst punishment indicted; cxeopt for crimi
nal acts punishable by every Ia, has been ohii
ishment with "labor to a barren island, where X
encamped my own soldiers before marching here.
It is true 1 have levied upon the wealthy rebels,
and paid out nearly half a tnilUon of dollars to
feed 40 (Km cf the starving poor of all nations-assembled
here, mad-a ao by this wnr.A ' ' -. t.
I saw that this rebellion was a wa"of tha aris
tocrats againtt the middling' men of the rich:
against tho poor; a war of tho hindownefaafas
the iaborcr; that it was. a struggle for tha reten
tion of power in the hands of the few . against
the many ; and I Found no conclusion to it savor
in' ths atibjngatioitot the few, and tliJ rtiseftfSrral
ment of tha many. I therefore fell no hesitation
in taking the substance of the weahy, who had
cunsed the war, to fe d the' innocent poor, who
had suffered by the war. And 1 shall now iKrtvo
you with the proud consciousucss that I cury
with me the blessings of the humble and 'loyal,
under the roof of the cotrnge, in the cablnr
of the slave, mid so am q-uiie content to in tir
the sneers of the salon, or the(.ruis&s..of th-a.ritih.
I fotrnd you trembling at the terrors of servile,
insurrection. .'All danger ol" this i huve preveat-e-J
by so treating the siave that be had no eausu
to lebel . f.
I found the dnngeon, the chain and tTia'losh
your oidy means of enforcing obedienco iu your
seivants. J leave them peaceful, l.-i hurious,-con-'
trolled by the laws of ki.i luess and justice.
1 have dcmoustiated that tha pestilence can- ba
kert from your borders.. - i
I have added a million of dollars to your weallh
in the form of new laud from ilia. Luttru'e of tho
" I have cleansed -and improved your streeTs,
canals and public squares, and opened new ave
nues to unoccupied land.
' I have given yon freedom of elections greatbr
than you have ever enjoyed bt-fore."
I have caused justice to by administered so im
partially that your own advocates have unaui'
inously complimented the Jidgcs of my appolut
uieiit. - -
Vou have seen, therefore, the benefit of the lavf s
and justice of the Government against hich jou
Why, then, will- yon not all return to yoar
allogieuce to that OovornmODt uot with1 lip
service, l ilt with the heart I
I conjure yon. if you desire ever to see renewed
prosperity, giving business to youT streets and
wharves if you hopes, to see your city bacumo
agaia the mart of tho Western woild. fed by ila
rivers for more than three thousand miics. drain
ing the commer'-e of a country greater than tho
mind of man hathever conceived lotuin to your
If you desire to leave to your chifdicn the in
heritance you received of your f ithers sttd
eonstitutioi'.'d Ciovei nnjt'iit ; if you desire -that
they thould in tha future b5 a J ortiou of lh
greatest empire the sun ever shone upon--return
to your allegiance. -
There is but one hin:r that stands in the way.
There is but one thing that at thia hour stands
between you ond the (jovernmeutand that ia
Slavery. - -
The institution. Cursed of Gbl, widen has taken
its last refuge here, in His providence will be
rooted out as the ta.es lr-ur the wheat, although,
the wheat be torn up with it.
I have given isiui h Ihovtrhf to this subject.
I came among vihv by teachings, by habit of
mind, by political position, by social affinity, in
clined to sustain your d"tmrstic laws, if bv possi
bility they might b with safety tn the Union.
Months of expedience and observation hav.i
forced the conviction that tli existei.ee "f S'.avtry
is incoinpatitife with the sf ty either of yonr
selvesor of the Union. As the ysem has gradu
ally grown to its present huso tliipeiisu-iis, it
were best if it could be gia-tiially r.-.mued; but
it is better, far hetn r. tl at it should be taki n-oiit
at once, than thnt it sh u il h ngt r i i'ii.te tlm
social, political aud funily r 1 .tin s 1 f v. ur rni n
try. 1 nin sp' aKing w ith r.o pi it: n" tm-pie view
as regards ti e Slav , but sin p y of il e 1 fleet of
Slavciy on lhen:as'er. ee 'o; jonire v .
Look around ji n imil s.-y wi ttier lb s sad
dening, dea-l.-riiirr ii fl 1 n c has not all hut de
stroyed tho very V;tm -w-orlc ef your sr icty.
I am speaking tho fare veil words of one who
has shown his d o'i:n fo his t on- :: v, -.t fhi
peril of his life ard Ioi iuko. w ho i?I t!. v. . r-'-can
have lit ither ho; e Ton- iiir.-r- st -:.v.' :!,? j . .1
of those whom he adJres.-es ; aud 1 t i:'B h ro
repeat, with all the so!' mil ty 1 f ii : ;p. n! to
Heaven to bear ne w:ti Cf-s. tnat sneii ..:e tl.-'
views forced upon me by exj-i rit-rri
Coma, then, to tho i.n i in! t "i al s'tpp rt of
the Govfrmui 11. 'J:.ke i? to our ev.11 h.nois
your own instinr i .I'.s : r ir 'el ! nr. r.ceer Ju g
Io the laws of nations :u d tied M.d tons a'ta'ii
that gie it j ro;n r::y uii d t.i nil by geogriph-it-.-il
p sili 11, only a j cit.on of winch wr.s ht.;o
fslgne..') r.V.N.JAMIN F. IJUTLER.
Nt-.v out.cAjv, 1.k . -i, ;-,.