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NEWBEM, N. C, SATUKDia, JANUARY 17, 1863.
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PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS.
Washington, Jan. 6, 1863.
Mr. Ten Eyck (Rep., N. J.) presented a pe
tition in favor of a uniform bankrupt law.
Mr. Wilson (Rep., Mass.,) from the Commit
tee on Military Affairs, reported back the bill
to suspend temporarily the act to prevent and
punish fraud on the part of officers intrusted
with making contracts for the Government,
and moved that the bill be put upon its pas
Mr. Powell (Dem., Ky.) hoped the bill would
not pass. There was some very curious his
tory about the bill. It was passed at the extra
Session, ar.d then suspended because some of
the heads of the bureaus were opposed to it
He moved to refer it to the Judiciary Commit
tee. Mr. Trumbull (Rep., 111.) said there had
been great complaints of frauds, and this bill
was passed. But on representation of heads
of departments, it was suspended. If Congress
could not pass a bill to punish fraud without
its being constantly suspended in this way, he
thought it better be repealed at once.
Mr. Grimes (Rep., Iowa) contended that the
bill was, in effect, to establish a- Bureau of
Returns and to provide a punishment for false
returns. He did not think the bill could be
c,rri,.(l into oftuct in time of w&r.
HfTTlale (Rep., N. H.) suggested that the
operation of the bill be suspended until the 3d
of March, thus giving time to amend it and
make it practical.
Mr. Saulsbury (Dem., Del.) moved to post
pone the bill indefinitely.
Mr. Fessenden (Rep., Me.) hoped not, and
argued that from the immense number of con
tract?, it would be almost impossible to carry
out the bill, except at vast expense. There
was already a good law making contractors
liable to military laws, by which they could
After further discussion, the subject was
PAYMENT OF THE ARMY AND NAVY.
Mr. Wilson (Rep., Mass.,) from the Commit
tee on Military Affairs, reported back the
House joint resolution for the payment of the
soldiers of the Army and the seamen and
marines of the Navy, with an amendment
authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to
issue $50,000,000 of Demand Treasury Notes,
in addition to the amount authorized by the
act of July, 1S62.
Mr. Fessenden (Rep., Me.1 moved that the
resolution be referred to the Committee on
Mr. Wilson, (rep.) Mass., said he had no ob
jection to such reference, but thought it was
high time our soldiers should be paid. Many
of them had been waiting for months, and some
had gone home into the poor house, and their
families were paupers, because they had not
been paid as promptly as they should have
Many men have deserted from solicitude for
their families. He thought the Government
ought to be furnished with the means to pay
these men immediately.
Mr. Howard (Rep.) Mich., said nothing had
been more disparaging than the failure to pay
the volunteers their money when due; and he
hoped this stigma would soon be done away
The bill was referred to the Committee on
On motion of Mr. Wright, (un.) Ind., the bill
concerning the discharge of State prisoners was
taken up, and he proceeded to address the Sen
ate at length. He said he should not vote for
the amendment of the Senator from Kentucky
(Mr. Davis) to strike out the section authoriz
ing the President to suspend the writ of habeas
corpus. It was at times necessary to make ar
rests, and he was not willing to give the Re
publicans the credit of this bold, but necessary
measure. It was a principiple of the old and
true Democracy. Jackson and Jefferson both
asserted the truth of this principle. He quoted
from letters of Jefferson, also from the speech
es of Douglas, in support of this assertion. He
was sorry to see men discuss these questions
in such a way as to embarrass the Govern
ment, notwithstanding their own boasted loy
alty. The Senator from Kentucky (Mr. Pow
ell) and others loudly- declared that they were
loyal to the Constitution. It was only a few
months ago that a few Democrats issued a call
for a party organization, and from this had
arisen many of the troubles which now per
plex the country. In times like these every
good and true man should ask how he could
best serve his country, and not stop to inquire
what some Abolitionists had done. The Sena
tor from Kentucky (Mr. Powell) had rejoiced
over the result of the recent elections. But
those elections had been brought about by
means not calculated to produce much. It was
by discouraging enlistments, especially of those
who could stay at home and vote, by making
charges against the Government, by opposing
the confiscation acts, by opposing taxation for
the expenses of the war, by impressing the
North-west with the great importance of the j
Valley ol the Mississippi ; and all these men
vaunted long and loud their loyalty to the I
But none of them like the senator from
Kentucky ( Mr. Powell), said he was opposed
to coercion. He argued in favor of an iron
will and nerve, and a determined policy on the
part of the Executive to crush out the Rebel
lion by every possible means ; and he would
take the property of the rebels everywhere.
He wanted to see the Mississippi River opened
by the brave Western boys, and the supplies
of Rebeldom cut off. He wanted to see a hun
dred thousand slaveholders running one way,
and a million of niggers the other. Applause
in the galleries. He wanted to strike at the
heart of the disease, and then we should see
daylight. There was nothing to despond
about He thanked God we had an army, a
navy, and a country ; and he thanked God for
another thing that we had a General in the
field who was not fishing for the Presidency,
who, with his Staff, was to be found in the
thickest of the fight, and his name was Rose-
cians. Appiause in tne galleries. I tie wouiu
unti VHMQ IU any foreign intervention.
Americans must settle their own diffiulties ;
and it was oaly in the event of a guerilla war
fare that he feared foreign intervention. He
would labor signally for the good of the coun
try, and for no party.
The bill was then postponed until to-morrow.
Comfort of the Sick and Wounded.
Mr. Wilson ( Rep., Mass. ) introduced a bill
to provide lor the greater comfort of the sick
and wounded soldiers in the hospitals, and to
promote the efficiency of the Medical Depart
ment. The bill provides that the rations of the sol
diers in hospitals be commuted at the rate of
80 cents per day, which shall be reckoned by
the Commissary Department as a credit to the
hospitals, to be expended in the same way as
the hospital fund is under the present regula
tions. FROH IV EW ORLEANS.
No event of moment has transpired since the
departure ot the steamer Spalding.
Other vessels of Gen. Banks' Expedition had
arrive j, and there were already in camp at Ba
ton Rouge, about 10.000 of the newiy-arrived
Gen. Banks, it was understood, had proposed
making Baton Bongo his headquarters.
Gen. Banks bad issued a peremptory order that
the sentence imposed on Pyreux for challenging
an officer should take place
Rieter, a German, oue of the prisoners released
by Gen. Banks on Christmas Day, killed bia wife
with a chisel.
The Delta tells the story thus : The murder of
Mrs Mary Rieter, by her brutal husband, is the
most revolting deed of blood that it has been our
duty to record for maty a day in New Orleans.
Tbe poor woman had sat up nearly the entire
i.ight before, sewing and preparing little things
for the children that they might be able to go
forth and enjoy their Christmas like other boys
and girls of their age, and she was in tbe act of
preparing their Christmas dinner, little dreaming
her husband was at liberty, but supposing he
was still in prison, wbitber Judge Bell bad sent
him for a previous attempt en her life, when he
stole in upon her, sr-jaeat her by the arm, and
stabbed her to death in he back- It was a tar-
rible deed of blood and has horrified tbe commu
nity. Rieter does not deny that he committed
the murder, and all he can say for himself is,
that he is sorry for it.
Christmas Day was marked by unusual scenes
of rowdyism. Eight persons were arrested for
cheering for Jeff Davis
Among those arrested is an English Lieutenant
of her Brittanie Majesty's ship Vesuvius. His
name of Ralph Hautree. He was very violent
and assaulted the policeman Some Yankee sai
lois happened to he near, went to the assistance
of the policeman, secured him, and helped to
convey him to the lock up, where he was put in
the stocks, and on tbe following day was fined
The Delta says that the Mississippi River is
The French had gained some successes in
Mexico. Such was the news in New Orleans.
The following is taken from TAe Vicksburg
Whig ot the 19th ult.
San Antonio, Dec. 4, 1802 By express from
Monterey we are in receipt of the following in
teresting item of news.
A French force of about 5,000 men ( part of
the advance guard ) met and engaged a Mexican
division of about 25.000, commanded by Gen.
Ortega, near the town of Puebla, and "after a
sharp fight the Mexicans gave way and fled in
The victors took possession of Puebla, where
they till aw ait the arrival of reinforcements,
and then advance on tbe City of Mexico. distance
A French force (6,000) landed and took pos
session of Tampico. It is supposed that port will
be open to the commerce of the world, but trade
will not be permitted to extend beyond the limits
held by the invaders.
A French frigate, with colors flying was re
cently seen by some Mexicans, passing through
the Union fleet off the mouth of the Rio Grande,
and supposing that all the vessels belonged to
the same nationality, they made post-haste to
Matamoras with the alarming intelligence that a
French fleet had arrived to blockade, and proba
bly attack the town.
The news created quite a panic in Matamoras,
and it was not until the facts of the case were
ascertained and made public that confidence
was restored. The foregoing explains rrany of
Cotton has fallen 26 cents in Mattamoras.
Nf.w Orleans, Dec. '27, 1862.
Maj. Finegas of the 2d Louisiana Native
Guards, knocked a citizen down in the St Charles
Hotel for shouting : "To hell with Gen. Butler
three cheers for Jefferson Davis V
The steamer J. M. Brown was attacked by
guerrillas on the morning of the 23d, while
ascending the Bayou Bonfonca, after a load of
bricks and wood. The bushwhackers aro said
to have been commanded by a Capt. Evans
One negro was killed and another wounded.
Private Hoyt. of the 4th Massachusetts Battery,
was also wounded. A detachment of soldiers
belonging to Company F, 31st Massachusetts,
who was oh board, opened on the guerrillas and
and put them to flight.
From Hnn Fnnir ico.
San Francisco, Jan. 3, 1863.
Trade is exceedingly quiet.
The ship Cleaner has cleared for Boston,
carrying 13,000 hides, 14,000 sacks of copper
ore, 630 bales of if ool, and 60 pipes of Califor
President Lincoln's Proclamation te liberate
the slaves, was published here in the evening
papers to-day, and although it was fully ex
pected, it produces a most profound sensation.
One hundred guns are being tired, tc.
Jan. 5. Arrived, steamer St. Louis, from
The Arrr drifting Diltti of the 28th ult , says ;
"The bark Island City arrived yesterday from
Galveston, and anchored below the city, bring
ing 75 passengers from Texas, among whom are
many females, all in a destitute condition. They
were brought up to the city last evening from
the bark by the steamer Iberville. All was quiet
at (Jalvestou when the Island City sailed."
The steamer Marion, from New York, arrived
at New Orleans on the 'Jfi.h.
Important from the Southwest.
ROUT of the REBELS IK ARKANSAS.
OFFICIAL REPORT of GEN. BLl'JTT,
Headquarters, Army of tiie Frontier,)
Van Buren, Ark., Dec. 28, 1862. 3
Major Gen. Curtit :
General The Stars and Stripes now wave
in triumph over Van Buren. On learning that
Hindman had been reinforced, and contempla
ted making another attempt to force his way
to Missouri, I determined to make the attack
upon him. Leaving my transportation north
of the mountains, I marched from Prairie Grove
at 8 o'clock in the morning upon the place,
distance fifty miles.
At 10 o'clock my advance came upon two
regiments of rebel cavalry at Dripping Springs,
eight miles north of th riser Dauhin- upon
therrr wtth three thousand cavalry and four
mountain howitzers, a brisk running fight took
place, which was kept up into the town, re
sulting in the capture of all their transporta
lion, forty wagons, with six mule teams, all
their camp and garrison equipage, one hundred
prisoners and a large amount of ammunition.
Four steamers and a ferry boat were also
captured. The latter, in attempting to cross
the river with rebel troops, was shelled from
the howitzers, when in the middle of the
stream. The boat was disabled, and a number
of the men were killed. The remainder jump
ed overboard and v,;ana ashore.
Three large stearjers, heavily laden with
government supplies, had got up steam, and
attempted to escape down the river, but were
pursued by the cavalry five miles and brought
to by the fire of their carbines, aad returned
to the levee.
The enemy then brought their artillery to
the opposite bank of the river, and commenced
shelling the town for the purpose of driving
out my cavalry, but resulting in no other
damage than the destruction of some buildings.
My artillery, coming up, soon silenced their
batteries. Quite a number of the enemy have
been killed during the day's operations. The
only casualties on our side are five or six men
My long range guns are - now shelling the
rebel camp across the river, flfve miles below
this place. If the enemy does not retreat dur
ing the night, I shall endeavor to cross my
troops over tbe river in the morning and offer
them battle. Respectfully, Jas. G. Blunt,
Brigadier General Commanding.
The I-oaa of the .TIenitor,
The Monitor, in tow of the steamer Rhode
Island, started from Fortress Monroe about 3
o'clock on Monday afternoon, Dec. 29th. The
Passaic, in tow of the steamer State of Geor
gia, had gone out some time before, and was
perhaps ten miles at sea. On board the Mon
itor were 63 persons all told. The sea was
calm and smooth as glass, and the weather
warm and pieanant. .The vessel proceeded at
the rate of about five or six knots an hour,
with a perceptible motion less than that of any
other vessel. Everything seemed auspicious
for a pleasant trip, and at night ail went below
to sleep. They then began to experience the
effects of close air.
In the interior of the Monitor, as will be re
membered by the descriptions, a few feet for
ward of the smoke stack to the stern is located
the machinery, the fire-room, Arc. Under the
turret, and a few feet forward of the main
hatch, is the place occupied by the sailors.
Still further forward is the cabin and ward
room. This is lighted by turret holes. Around
this are four large rooms, say 7 by 8 feet, and
four smaller ones, 6 by 9 feet, occupied by the
officers. She had blower engines put in at
Washington, for the purpose of drawing all the
air possible though the holes of the turret and
With the exception noticed of the closeness
of the air, which, indeed, was almost insup
portable, there was nothing to mar the comfort
of the first night. The next morning broke
beautifully, but with a light breeze that
smashed up little waves against the turret,
just enough to make small rainbows when the
sun was shining on the bows. So the weather
contiuued until Wednesday (Thursday) after
noon, when it became cloudy, and as the sky
grew darker it was thought they might have
rain- Soon, however, the wind cleared all the
clouds away, and they thought there would be
agreeable weather all the way down ; but la
ter in the afternoon, about 5 o'clock, it com
menced to blow.
Af 6 o'clock they stood S. S. W. from Hat
teras Light, having cleared the Cape, the wind
freshening more and more, but no apprehen
sions being felt of a gale. About 7 o'clock
they discovered the Passaic, some three or four
miles to the Northeast. When they saw the
Passaic thus in her stern, she having been ten
miles ahead at the start, all on board the Mon
itor could not but feel a pride that she (the
Monitor) was the first there, as everywhere
else that she was the first iron-clad that had
rounded Cape Hatteras, as she had led in na-
at that the storm would not overtake them,
and therefore it was not necessary to run to
wards Hatteras Inlet
The breeze was blowing pretty freshly, and
increasing in violence, but there were indica
tions in the west of its clearing off until about
8 o'clock, when, in the space of a few minutes,
a storm of wind and rain gathered in the
south-west, the wrath of the waves augment
ing, with a sea so rough that it began to dash
against the tower, throwing up fountains that
leaped 30 or 40 feet in air, washing all over
the turret. The fury of the storm kept on,
every wave dashing over the whole vessel from
stem to stern, and entering at every crevice
intended for the admission of air. The vessel
was thumped about in a manner indescribable.
The rain lasted from a quarter to half an
hour, but the gale raged even more intensely
than before. The vessel began to leak they
hardly knew where it came in but it was
very serious around the forecastle and anchor.
It was about 9 o'clock, and the pumps were
set in motion. They rapidly gained on the
water, but in about half an hour they kept
about even pace with each other. The gale
had increased to a hurricane ; the Monitor
reeling and shndering from end to end. Fast
er and faster the water came in. It was gain
ing on the pumps. By lOj o'clock the water
was reported gaining rapidly. A few minutes
later, and the report was that it would soon be
up to the tires. This again was followed by a
report that the vessel could not live more than
two or three hours longer. The water, rapidly
neared the fires ; when they were put out the
pumps could not be worked.
When it was reported that the Monitor
could not stand it more than an hour or two
longer, signals of distress were at once made.
Hod, while aud blue rockets were thrown up,
andwere answered by the Rhode Island. This)
wasat 11 o'clock, when it had been decided as I
impossible to save tne vessel, anu attention
was turned towards saving their own lives. A short time sine:- General Steele issued an
One of the hawsers connecting the Monitor ' order confining soldiers more closely to camp,
with the Rhode Island had parted between and prohibiting all 'sky larking' after ten o'clock
8 ani 9 o'clock. When the Rhode Island an-1 A few evenings since, as report goes, the General
swesd, a voice on the Monitor cried out .'himself found it necessary to be on the streets
throigh a trumpet that they were in a sinking j aitf the hour Before named He was promptly
condition. Those appealed to on the Rhode SLSSXXTT 'ft f
... i . jf deinandej his pnss. "'1 have no pass, sir, said
Island went to work with the utmost speed to the Genera throwiDg uis sharp eye upon the
sencboats to the rescue. , soldier and making a strong advance. "Then
Itsas a most daring undertaking, but they (you've got to go with me to the provost," said
got tut a launch and manned her, and riding : the sentinel, at the same time laying a heavy
on tie crests and sinking in the hollows of I hand upon the gentlemanly looking citizen before
wavo. she made toward the Monitor. At tlis I
time .he sky was filled with clouds, through
whici a little light from the moon appeared,
so thit objects could be distinguished. The
remahing hawser is now cut so that the boats
bhaitiot get entangled ; the hawser becomes
u&augicd with the paddle-wheel of the Rhode
Island ; the rope clogs the wheel, and the
Rhode Island, a large war steamer, is drifting
toward the Monitor; the launch is between
die two vessels thus Hearing each other, and
seems doomed to destruction ; the launch
reaches the side of the iron-clad.
The proximity is dangerous to all, for two
or three lurches and the sharp prow of the
Monitor will stave in the wooden walls of the
st;amer. All feel that they shall go to the
bcttom. There is a terrible silence so far as
those on the Monitor are concerned. As two
or three jump out of the boat, the oars are
seen to flash in the air; the launch is heard
crushing ; in a second the crew have sprang
on the deck of the Monitor. Simultaneously
the hawser is cleared from the paddle-wheel,
and the Rhode Island runs off, without the
fatal shock, to a safe distance.
While the vessels lay alongside, several of
the Monitor's crew sprang for the ropes that
dangled from the side of the Rhode Island,
and some succeeded in climbing up, while
othe. s were washed into the sea. The crew of
the launch now sprang back into her, but those
of the Monitor were reluctant to trust them
selves to make the attempt, as several were
washed oft the deck by the great seas swash
ing over. They clung, therefore, to the top
of the turret, fearing they might share the fate
tcey had witnessed overtaking others, preferr
ing their chance to live a little longer, although
there was the moral certainty that they could
not remain and live long.
Finally the launch was filled, having taken on
probably some fifteen from the Monitor. All that
were on deck at the time got in, and tbo launch
was ordered off. Some stuffed the crushed side
with pea jackets, while others bailed out. and the
rowers tried to get to the steamer, which was
their only hope. Meanwhile, the Rhode Island
had launched a wbaleboat. Tbe sea. which was
terrific, dashed the wbaleboat upon the launch
with terrible ferocity. One of the officers in the
launch sprang over toward the side and stretch
ed out both his arms to break the blow and tnrn
the course of the boat This he succeeded in
doing, hut net without considerable injury to
himself. Getting close to tbe steamer, the men
spring for tbe ropes, and some lose their hold,
ml ars swallowed by tbe sea, although nearly
every one in tbe boat is saved.
fbe whaleboat saved others from the iron clad.
A third rescuing boat was sent, commanded by
Mi. Brown, a brave man, and skillful in manage
ment of a boat. This has not been heard from,
but it may have picked up some survivors, and
have got safely to gome other vessel. The Moni
tor vent down about 2 o'clock. in the morning.
D Weeks wished our reporter to state that he
wastoo much exhausted by his wounds and ex
posure to detail further incidents connected with
thisdissster. All were treated with the greatest
kindness on the Rhode Island.
Fortress Monroe, Jan 4.
Tie steamer Rhode Island arrived at Fortress
Monroe last evening. The surviving officers and
ere of the Monitor came on the Rhode Island.
Tlere were lost on the Monitor four officers
and twelve men, also one officer and seven men
belonging to the Rhode Island lost in attempting
to sive the men of the Monitor. One boat which
left the Rhode Island to save the Monitor's men,
has lot been heard srom
Tie Monitor sunk off Cape Hattsras in 45 fa
thons of water. The cause of her being lost
was leakage She gained two feet of water in
one hour, with nil her pumps working.
Sailing Master Stodder was the last man to
leave the Monitor. Those who were lost refused
to come down from the turret as the sea was con
stantly breaking over them, and they were afraid
of being washed away.
I ll)i:T OF THE WAR.
The following incidents of the war are clipped
from the letters of correspondents :
SPARKING OUTSIDE OK THE LINES IN DIXIE.
A correspondent writing from Helena, Ark.,
relates the following :
As a general- rule, the "beauty" sympathises
with the "chivalry" of the South, turns the "cold
shoulder" upon the Yankee invaders, and seldom
approximates acquaintance and friendship nearer
than "the retort courteous." Indeed, our bravest
and best, if not best looking, soldiers, in view of
tliese prejudices, play the Benedict, and have
sworn constancy to "glory." which, Buiwer says,
"is 'he only mistress which true genius should
Yet "shoulder-straps," especially when backed
by a little perseverance and a good address, have
always been potent, in subduing the obduracy
and prejwlfee of tin, femaia li.-art. Hunco, there
are exceptions to the rule above mentioned. Per
tmmplia gratia. Lieut. Baile , of the Ninth Il
linois cavalry, bas been "courting" a fair "secesh"
damsel, living upon a plantation three miles be
yond our picket lines. How, where, or how of
ten the smitten lieutenant got ti'e "permits" is as
great mystery to me, as how and of whom these
"merchant vessels" gel their "permits" that are
continually passing this ultima thule of Federal
command fl suppose) "to trade"' in the direction
of Vicksburg. As it is rumored here that our
worthy and gallant general, F K. Steele, is about
to lead to the altar a handsome and wealthy
"Dixie lady," living within the lines, it is possi
ble that the lieutenant found favor with the com
ruander, upon the theory that "a fellow feeling
makes us wondrons kind !" But let that pass.
Lieut. Bailey went out last Sunday to pay a real
sociable "South rn ' visit ; in Western parlance,
he brought ' his knittiu'," with the evideut intent
to "stay awhile "
Sunday, Monday, Tuesday passed, and the
happy lovers " took no note of time." But,
alas 1 " course of true love," &c, Tuesday
night, about midnight, when the moon shone
bright, and " the soft wind did gently kiss the
trees," and the lieutenant, doubtless in dreams,
felt kisses softer still, a band of unscrupulous
guerillas, who worship at the shrine of Mars
and despise Venus, stole in upon bam, dragged
him from his dreams and his bed, and bare him
far away southward.
We read in the book of Judges of one Samp
son, who was caught in like manner. His
lady-love, we are told, had sold herself to his
enemies, yet ostensibly gave him warning. I
have nut heard that the lieutenant's Delilah
rushed into the chamber of her lover, crying :
" The guerillas be upon thee, Bailey !" And
i , I . i .i . r
nniMuuwow, w asiHwr, -l
show for the lieutenant s strength and safety
lay in his feel, and " he was caught with bis
A GENERAL CAUGHT IN HIS OWN TRAP.
The same correspondent tells the following at
e expense of General Steele s
- the expe
mm. wnom ne no uoudi too ior a reoei spy.
am General Steele." baid the commander,
falling back on his dignity, and reserving to
the last extremity the astounding announcement,
before which he expected the santinel to quail
"I don't know that, and I don't care a d n if
you are," promptly replied the soldier, stubborn
and unabashed ; "my orders are imperative, not
discretionary; if you are General Steele, you've
got a pass ; and if you haven't, you must go to
the provost marshal V Through tbe interposi
tion of a shoulder-strapped friend, it is said, the
general was finally permitted to go on his way
SINGULAR FIDELITY OF A DOU ON THE BATTLE
FIELD. As Hon. John Covode. iu company with a num
ber of officers, was passing over the battle-field
beyond Fredericksburg, their attention was
called to a small dog lying by a corpse. Mr. Co
vode halted a few minntes to see if life was ex
Raising the coat from the man's face, he
found him dead. The dog, looking wistfully up
ran to the dead man's face and kissed his silent
lips. Such devotion in a small dog was so singu
lar that Mr. Covode examined some papers upon
the body, and found it to be that of Sergeant W.
H. Brown, Co C, Ninety first Pennsylvania.
Tho dog was shivering in tha cold, but refused
to leave her master's body, and as tho coat was
thrown over his face again, he seemed very un
easy, and tried to get under it to the man's face.
He had. it seems, followed the regiment into
battle, and stuck to his master, and when he fell
remained with him, refusing to le;'ve him or to
cat anything. At the party returned an ambu
lance was carrying the corpse to a little grove of
trees for interment, and the little dog following,
the only mourner at the funeral, as the heros
comrades had been called to some other point.
A Revolutionary Reiaiaiacence.
From some sketches of Valley Forge, we
take the following account of the army in its
winter quarters :
" Having decided on his winter-quarters
being here, Washington arrived with the army
at Valley Forge on the 19th of December,
1777. The voice of prayer and praise was
heard throughout the camp the next day, in
accordance with the appointment of Congress
for a day of thanksgiving and praise. It was
a glorious triumph of patriotism over suffering
and want of principle, over neglect of virtue,
over starvation, to exhibit such a spectacle on
the border of a winter forest, whose snows
were stained with their blood-tracked march.
" Next day they began to build tboir huts,
the marks of which are still visible in one or
two nlaces. Those most visible are by the
side of the road toward the river, half-wav
from Valley Forge to Port Kennedy. Each
regiment was divided into pai ties of twelve,
and each party was to build a log-hut 14 feet
by 16, and C J feet high, the sides made tight
with clay, and the roof to be formed of split
slabs or anything that would serve as a sub
stitute. Gen. ashington ottered a dollar to
each man of the party which completed the
first and best hut, and one hundred dollars to
the man whe would subsiittite a better and
, . , it . ,i
I more nvbuaura mount; man siaDS.
" Out of 11,000 men who arrived here,
3,000 were unfit for duty. Groups of 50 and
100 were to be seen here and there in their
nakedness, huddling around fires to keep from
freezing. Others were sick from exposure,
and sadly presaging their fate.
" Happily the trees were felled. To bring
the logs to their places men harnessed them
selves to them like beasts of burden. Hut
after hut rose till there were over a thousand,
all in sight of Washington's tent. These huts
were ranged in parallel rev s, with spaces be
tween, like the streets of a town. Those
the same State were together. The huts of
the officers were in the rear of tho soldiers,
one to each of the superior officers. The in
trenchments were outside of the whole. In
these huts was placed a bed of straw on the
ground, and these ' Sons of Liberty,' as Col.
Barre called them in the English Parliament,
crept in to suffer, and starve, and die. The
fanners around were many of them Tories,
whom large offers to pay, and threats, were
alike powerless to move. Washington, acting
under a resolution from Congress, ordered
them to thresh out one-half their grain for
seventy miles around, by the first of Febru
ary, and the other half by the first of March,
under penalty of its being seized as straw.
But they refused ; and while some fought with
desperation, others burned their grain. About
this time the whole army passed a week with
out a pound of meat in the camp. They had
but one commissary to purchase provisions in
the camp, and he reported 'not a hoof to
slaughter, and not more than twenty five bar
rels of flour.' In communicating this fact to
Congress, Washington said, ' From my soul 1
pity those miseries, which it is neither in my
power to relieve nor prevent'
" Mrs. Washington joined her husband in
February, and not only shared his privations,
but did all in hsr power to mitigate the suffer
ings of the soldiers."
Pnnch'a Chrarae to the Jnry.
The subjoined "charge" was cut from an old
file of the Lancaster Iutelligenier, into which
it was copied from the London Punch about
fifteen years ago :
"Gentlemen of tho Jury : You are sworn in
all cases to decided according to the evidence ; at
the same time, if you have any doubt you are
hnnml tn ntva iha nfiannai I lu, hnn.fir rtf it
Suppose you have to pronounce the guilt or in- dred per cent., while that of the population
nocence of a gentleman accused of felony. You j was only forty-six per cent It will be remein
will certainly doubt whether any gentleman j bered that in the same tine the increase cf our
would commit such offence; accordingly, how- J population was 35- per cent, and of the pro-
ever strong may oe me testimony against nun.
you win per imps aetiuii mm. i (ie eviuencu 01
your own senses is, at least, as creditable as the
witnesses ; if, therefore, your eyesight convince
you that the prisoner is a well-dressed person,
you have a right to presume his respectability ;
and it is for you to say whether a respectable;
person would be likely to be guilty of the crimes
imputed to him. In like manner, when you see
a shabby looking fellow in the dock, charged,
for example, with sheep stealing, the declaration
i rests with you l.rst, whether or not that
individual is a ragamuffin, and, secondly, how
! far it is probably that a man of that description
I would steal sheep.
Uf course, as has been said before, you will
I always be guided by the evidence ; but whether
the evidence is trustworthy or not, is a n.atter
for Jour privute consideration. You may believe
if you choose, or you may disbelieve it; and
niiethsr, gentlemen uf the jury, ycu nill believe
or disbelieve, wiil denend udoii tho constimi ion
j ,f yur nunds. If yi nr minds are so constituted
tilat J0" desire to find him not guilty why thim
; very iiKeiy you wiii disbelieve it. You are to
free your minds from all prejudice, if you can,
and in that case your judgement will be un
biassed ; but, if you cannot you will return a
verdict accordingly. It is not, strictly speaking,
for you to oonsider what will be the effect of
your verdict ; but, if such a consideration should
occur to you, and you cannot help attending to
it, the verdict will be influenced by it to a cer
tain extent. You are probably aware that when
you retire you will be locked up until you con
trive to aree. Von may arrive at unanimity by
fair discussion, or by some of you starving out
the others, or by tossing up; but your conclu
siou, by whichever of the processes arrived at,
will be more or less iu accordance with your
oaths. Your verdict may be right, it is to be
hoped it will. At all events, geiitlemen of Iho
jury, you will come to some conclusion or other,
unless it should so happen that you should sepa
rate without coming to any."
Tito Largest Barn in tbe Counlry.
The Shakers are famous for their grea
barns, and the largest one that they have is a
Lebanon, in Xew York. It was recently
erected at the cost of about $15,000, and is
thus described by a correspondent of the New
York Tribune :
"It is 196 feet long, 50 feet wide, five stories
high ; the walls of good flat, quarried stone,
five feet thick at the foundation, carefully laid
;n ime mortar, cement pointed outside, and
plastered inside, roofed with tarred paper, ce
ment, and gravel. It also has three wings,
wooden building, which form four sheds about
100 feet long upon the cast and west sides of
two cattle yards, on the south side of tho
main building, with lofts for straw and grain
connected with the barn.
"The lower story of the barn is a manuro
cellar, and the west end is level with tha
ground, so that carts can be driven in and out
with ease. Thd next story is the cow stable
which is on the level with the yard, the cows
standing with their heads towards the centre,
with a passage between, supplied with water
pipes and cocks. In this passage, roots, cut
feed, or water, can be given in iron feed boxes,
which swing on a pivot into the passage. Be
hind the cows, the floor drops a couple of
inches, a space of three feet, and hack of that
The depression is to hold the manure. On
tbe side behind are iron rails, upon which cars
run into the west end, and ever a space about
twenty feet wide, and discharge their loads,
the rails and turn table being so constructed
that the manure is well distributed with but
little labor. The idea is entertained of making
the whele cellar into a liquid manure vat,
which could be distributed by its own gravity
upon the lower part of the farm, or sent higher
up by the water power that drives the mill not
The cows are all fastened in their stalls at
each milking, in summer, and all at one move
ment They are driven in all together, and
each ons takes her place, where her name is
j printed overhead, and then by a pull of a cord
I a'l 'he moveable stanchions are closed.
are opened by a reverse motion, and all of the
I cows are hurried out in a drove, so that they
never make a deposit on the floor. They are
left a few moments to do that before they are
sent to the pasture.
There are six large chimney ventilators from
the rear of the stalls to the roof. The floor
above them supports the great hay mows, be.
tween which is the floor for feuding hay, which
is sent down to the cows through box tubes,
and these, when empty, also assist ventilation.
There are openings from this floor into tho
straw lofts over the shecs, and also to the
store rooms for roots and grain.
Wheat in the United Stntea.
The report of the Superintennent of the Cen
sus presents some interesting statistics as to
the growth of the great food staple, wheat, in
the United States. It appears that in 1S49 the
total quantity of wheat grown in all the States
and Territories was 100,-185,944 bushels
of iagainst 171,183.391 bushels in 1859 being an
increase of nearly seventy per centum, or near
ly double the increase of population. It is not
to be supposed, however, that the increase has
been equal throughout the United States. On
the contrary, the old wheat growing States
Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, and New York
fall considerably below the average, owing,
as it is thought by the superintendent of the
census, to the destructive agency of the wheat
m'dge, and the consequent unwillingness of
the farmers to subject themselves to repeated
losses from this cause. The increased produc
tion of wheat in the country at large is, there-'
fore due to its extended cultivation in tho
Northwestern States, where the yield has been
prodigious, and has defied the means of trans
portation to bring it to market In Illinois,
for instance, the crop has increased in ten
years from 9.41.S.578 bushels, in 1849, to 24,
159,500 bushels in 1859 ; and in Wisconsin
from 4,286,131, in 1849, to 15,812,025 bush
els in 1859 or an increase respectively of 160
and 275 per cent., while the increase of popu
lation for the same period has been 101 and!
154 per cent The superintendent believes
that the older grain growing States will show
a more favorable rate of increase in the next
decade, from the fact that the bar upon its gen
eral cultivation the midge is diminishing
where it was fe'merly the most destructive,
and wheal growing will, in consequence, be
resumed in many localities where it had been
almost abandoned for a time-.
Canada promises to be an enterprising com
petitor of the United States for this essential
article of food in the; markets of the world.
From some tables which we have seen, wo
learn that its production of wheat for 1549, was
12,620,425 bushels against 24.6S2.550 bushels
n 1859 being an increase of nearly one liun-
duction ol wheat not quite severity per Cent.
Kliusle ISIand Items.
Business is lively at Hope Valley. The ma
chine shop of Messrs. Nicholas and Langwor
thy is fully occupied in building the printing
presses of Geo. P. Gordon, of New York. Tho
Aldrich Mill, at Hope Valley, is running on
blankets for soldiers, and turns out about ono
thousand per week.
We understand that Messrs. O. M. Still fc
Co., have hired a mill in North Kingstown,
which will enable thein to turn out a mucla
larger qusnti'y than heretofore. The wool is
to be colored at their Sttllmssnville mill, then
sent away to be .-pun aud wove, atid rtturuc.d,