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Newbern weekly progress. (Newbern, N.C.) 1858-1863, January 17, 1863, Image 4

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5 ," . '
THE PROGRESS.
KO. TO 1 1. 1, a JOl , KDI TOH.
NEWBERN, 1ST. O.
MONDAY EVENING, JAN. 12, 18C3.
JT" The Progress will be issued every
crening at 5 o'clock. Advertisements and no
tices for publication must be handed in by
10 1-2 o'clock A. M. ; if received after that
hour, they will lie over till the next day. tf.
The Weekly Progress be ready Satur
day forenoons at 9 o'cleck.
JWj. Lint, ham, Jk., editor of the Ar
my & Xary Journal, 83 School St.. Boston, is
our sole agent for that city. Any contract en
tered into by him, for advertising or subscrip
tion on our account, will be ratified by us.
Mr. Lingham is also authorized to act as our
agent in New York, and elsewhere.
OFFICIAL.
IIcad-Quarfprs,
Department of North Carolina,
New Berne, Dec. 31st, 1862,
GENERAL ORDEKS, NO. 89.
The General Commanding, having been in
formed that several line officers occupy quar
ters in this town. Division and Brigade Com
manders are hereby ordered to see that thei
officers immediately return to their regiments,
town can only be given by the Division Com
manders.
By command of Major General Foster,
J. F. ANDERSON,
Major and A. A. A. General.
Headquarters, 18th Army Corps, )
New Borne, Jan. 2, 1863. J
GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 1.
General Orders No. 89 are hereby amended
bo as to include all regimental officers, whether
Field, Staff or Line Officers. Division and
Brigade Commanders will see that these orders
are immediately and strictly obeyed by the
officers referred to.
By command of Mai. Gen. Foster,
(Signed) J. F. ANDERSON,
Major and A. A. A. Gen.
Headquarters, 18th Army Corps,
Newbern, Jan. 4th, 1863. J
SPECIAL OKDfcKS, NO. 4.
The Provost Marshal will attend to the im
mediate execution of General Orders 89 and 1,
relating to the vacating of quarters in the city,
by officers.
By command of
, Biig. Gen. NAGLEE,
Commanding 18th Army Corps.
John F. Anderson, Major s a. a,
a. a.
Chivalry.
After the recent battle at Kinston, our for
ces buried their dead decently and in order,
On the first inst a flag of truce left this city
for that place, for the purposn of ,disinjterriii
some of the bodies, and sending them borne.
Imagine their feelings on opening the graves,
to find that the chivalry of rebeldom had pre-
vinnslv otiened them, stripped the bodies of
every vestige of clothing, and tumbled them
n.-mrrTi , lynnufi B"J
would roll the body of a dead animal into a
pit. The hearts of men, who would treat the
dead bodies of their enemies, in this manner,
roust be indeed callous, and hardened to every
fine feeling pertaining to man.'
It was not supposed that the much vaunted
chivalry of eur rebel opponents had descend
ed to such a depth of infamy, asTto wreak
their disappointment upon the occupants of
the grave. But it has actually taken place.
The boasting chivalry, that claims the right to
rule, by virtue of aristocratic birth, has taken
up with the noble, soul-elevating, dignified em
ployment of robbing the dead of tueir apparel.
Tell it not in America, proclaim it net in
foreign climes, that the descendants of Moul
trie, Marion, Sumter, and the F. F. V.'s have
become grave robbers. Noble occupation !
We hope that the rebel press, which has
drove to fire the Southern heart, with imagi
nary tales of Federal outrages, will be equally
as prompt to report this desecration of the
fallen dead. But we do not expect so simple
an act of justice as this. We rejoice for the
credit or North Carolina, that her troops
though arrayed in rebellion, have cot descend
ed to this outrage, but that it has been reserv
ed for South Carolina and Virginia, to fill up
their measure of infamy, by this last crowning
act of disgrace. A 13 how axe the chivalry
fallen.
A striking fact of the destitution of the rebel
troops, is revealed in the above ghoul like ope
ration. Their troops are destitute of clothing
that is serviceable, and their Quartermaster's
stores are repler Ulied from the grave -yards.
Rebellion must surely be on the wane.
Editorial Melange.
The President has nominated to the Senate,
Jamas Monroe of Ohio as Consul to Rio Janei
ro, Franklin Knight Consul to Shan Tung,
China, and Seth C. 11a w ley of New York,
Consul to Nassau, N. P.
The President has recommended the follow
ing promvi.o;.o in the Navy : Captains Poore,
Hoot and OoJon, to the rank of Commodore ;
Commanders Alden, Case, and Pen nock, to
Captains ; Lieut-Commanders Ebind, Ransom
and Sptccr, to Comrna&ders ; Ueuts. Allen,
tlreeo and B!ank, to Lieut--Commanders i
Henry P. Eckstein of Pennsylvania, to Assis
tant Surgeon ; Second Lieut Colluai la be
First Lieutenant of Marines.
The ComraU&iaerr of lateral Rereaae has
sade the fc?lwsg deciM:a:
O-Scsl lutrsacsu, doc-aawcts ar.-I papers
sfd cr bbcJ t v tb oflEeers st any L:e
IrKman: arc rua; t Srsrn .t'arrrp a: J.
U-jnr ma ie.' i ri r f a tucnl
jan-a j y y. as aUHr.7 Bty
? set kiisiuia
The Associated Press seem to take great de
;ht in parading the fact, that Gov. Stanly
was hung in ctligy, a lew nignts oeiore uie
late election, in Beaufort, by some worthless,
contemptible fellow, that is not worth salt
enough to keep his body sweet and clean. The
affair is made a great handle of. and looks like
an attempt at personal spite by some person
who hal an axe to grind, and didn't succeed in
gelling it ground. ioi a uozea persons in
Beaufort knew of it, or approved of it, nor
would tho fact been known, but for the mali-
. , f , 3
cious desire to paraae it oeiore me worm.
Secessionists do not like the Governor, but all
Union men do, and his popularity in this
State is as great as when he used, in olden
time to stump this district We notice this
fact, for the benefit of our northern exchanges,
that they may not be deceived.
The Cincinnati Enquirer says : Col. Basil
Duke, who had command of a rebel brigade in
John Morgan's division, and was fatally
wounded in the fight near Lebanon Junction,
died near Boston, Nelson County, yesterday
afternoon. Duke was a brother-in-law of John
Morgan.
THE SEWS.
gering doubt as to the real truth at Murfrees
boro ; but, as if to make assurance doubly
sure, the following proof upon proof reaches
us : "We have fought one of the greatest bat
tles of the war, and are victorious. Our en
tire success on the 81st ult was prevented by
a surprise of the right flank, but we have,
nevertheless, beaten the enemy after a three
days' fight. They fled with great precipita
tion on Saturday night The last of their col
umns of cavalry left this morning. Their loss
has been very heavy. Gens. Rains and Han
son are killed. Gens. Gladden, Adams, and
Breckinridge are wounded." This was an of
ficial dispatch from Gen Rosencrans himself.
It was reported that the enemy were greatly
demoralized as they retreated on (Saturday
night. Gen. Negley pursued them with in
fantry, and a cavalry force was assisting. A
Tennessee brigade attacked and dispersed their
rear guard. It is believed that they lost eight
or nine thousand killed and wounded during
the struggle. We have 1500 prisoners, among
them two Colonels and several Majors. lhe
bodies of Gens. Rains and Hanson were in our
possession, The double traitor Breekinridge
was severely wounded. Major Prentice, son
f tho 1Uni- nf tha Louisville Journal, was
wounded. The famous Louisiana First Regi
ment, was annihilated. Our own losses in all
were 1,100 killed and about 6,000 wounded.
beside several thousand prisoners. An exaro-
I inution-of tbc field since the battle shows that
the rebels were verystrofret aaated.
Gen. Bragg, in his second omcsaTrfpf
the Murfreesboro battles, claims Gen. Fry a
among his prisoners. As there is but one gen
eral officer of that name, (late Colonel of 4th
Si mnnnred with the West-
era armyaiia
2d inst announce his
arrival and assumption
of command at Lebanon, Ky., the rebel gener
al seems to have claimed, more than he has in
his possession. '.
Commander BankheaL-J" his official report
of the loss of thefatrftor, says, upon muster
ing the crew,na officers of the boat onvtoard
the Rhode Island, four officers and twelve men
were found missing. He is of the opinion that
the Monitor must have sprung a leak some
where forward, where the bull joins the armor,
and that it was caused by the heavy spread
as Si; CCrT" down on the sea.
The Philadelphia -Tress has a NasirPlo des
patch, which says that all the bridges in East
Tennessee have been burned ; that CoL Bruce
has recaptured Clark sville, Tenn., and taken a
number of prison, 111 d 8,000 barrels of flour.
and that the river is rapidly rising,
In the Senate, Tuesday, the bill t suspend
temporarily the act to prevent and punish fraud
on the pr.rt of oflicers intrusted with making
contracts for the Government was reported
back and put upon its passage, but after dis
cussion was postponed. The joint resolu' ion
to hurry up the pay of soldiers and sailors was
referred to the Finance Committee. The bill
concerning the discharge of State prisoners
was taken up, and Mr. Wright spoke against
the amendment to strike out the section an
tborizing the President to Buspend tbe writ of
habeas corpus. No vote was taken. A bill
was introduced providing for greater comfort
for sick and wounded soldiers.
In the House, the Select Committee on
Emancipation reported back a bill to aid Mis
souri in securing the abolition of slavery there
in. It provides for lh issue of ten millions of
thirty years bonds, payable to loyal owners,
the Government pledging itself to the deporta
tion and colonization cf the freed men. It was
adopted by 73 against 46. The Committee of
Ways and Mean were instructed to inquire
into the expediency of issuing Treasury notes
bearing S.C5 interest, tbe amount issued to be
equal to the amount of Tender-Notes 7b circu
lation, and such ether sums as tbe demands
of the public service for the currant year shall
require, un Jr"- certain regulations.- .A bill was
pasntd to kiicw certain articles not lhar maila
ble to be nt to the soldiers ist the army, by
their friends at home, on book postage rates,
j one cent per ounce. The remainder of the j
! acssioo was spent in disea .6ion upon the Ex-
jecutive Apptofr rialk-n tuL
! We have New Oria news to the Z9th.
l No event of importance had transpired since
- teasel df Kir i Epetiit-oo kail .arrived, aad
' tfierc w - aJrandv al fa-ap at taxJ
a jCiT i Ox EamJy arrrve-l trwj.
Osst. 1 . s ulmiwii a 2 ttitrn 1 i
iTZ rkai w-r a-rmmi .
j:. trr
pnt into the stocks, anil on trie following
day was fined $50. The steamer J. M. Brow n
was attacked by guerillas on the 23d, while
ascending the Bayou Bonfonca. One negro
was killed. A detachment of soldiers who
were on board, opened on the guerillas and put
them to flight. After getting on her load she
was attacked again, the guerillas having been
re-enforced. After a brief interchange of shots
the conflict was ended by the boat passing oat
of reach of gunshot. Capt. Darling, in com
mand of the expedition, was the only one in
jured. Orders have been issued that the me
chanics in the Department of the Gulf em
ployed by the day will be paid $1 50 per day
or $35 per month and rations and quarteis.
Master mechanics will receive $2 per day, or
$50 per month and rations and quarters. La
borers will receive $20 per month and one ra
tion per day, or one dollar per day without ra
tions. Teamsters to drive four or six mule
teams will receive $25 per month and rations ;
all drivers with a less number of animals will
receive but $2 per month. There is a prospect
that the rising of the Mississippi, now com
menced, will fill the famous canal and before
Spring leave Vicksburg four miles from navi
gable water. A vessel from Galveston re
ports all quiet there. She brought T5 passen-
an rnnntln fsmiling - nnd.i UJ.Ajfeg&W&
a G. Carter Explain
The brilliant success of Gen. Carter's excur
sion to the line of the Virginia and Tennessee
Railroad, is, let us hope, but the precursor of
a series of similar achievements which will
place the renown of our cavalry chiefs as high
above that of the Stuarts, the Morgans, and
the Ashbys, as is the justice of their cause.
The plan of the movement, indeed, is far more
complete than seems to be suspected by the
Rebel journal which announces its success in
the destruction of the bridges over the South
Fork of the Holston and the Wetauga rivers.
Gen. Carter's force consists of the 9th Peon.
cavalry, two battalions of the 2d Michigan,
Gen. Granger's old regiment, and two batta
ions of the 7th Ohio in all, 1,425 men. Be
left Richmond, Ky., on the 21st ult., passiig
through McKee and up the Red Bird Fori,
thence across to Jonesvillo, in Lee county, Vi,
one of the most bitterly rebel regions of tlttt
bitterly rebel State. There he was to divfcfc
his force, one column passing through EslJ-
ville and Blountsville, and striking the railroi
at Union, which name is now pronounced Z
likoffer bv the rebels. We have before us
results of this movement The county i
which this breaking of the great line of com
munication between the Eastern and Western
division of the rebellion has at last been efett
ed, is one of the most loyal in Tennesseejkts
population being tweuty to one against ses
sion. The other column was to strike acriss
Rogersville, on the Holston river, to wWh
xtends from the main raiiroaa.
this branchrjnjjie
tram runs to the truVI
road in the morni
ack at night , ' ' u
There being ay jet no aepotW-gtaud 011 i
roaa during the night. Arriving at RogJ-s-town
after dark, a force was to be sent on bis
train down tbe road to Strawberry Plains,(lf
teen miles east of Knoxville, where it croMs
the Holston'River on a Howe's patent trss
bridge fifty feet above the water, and
500 yards long. The transit from Rogersto
would require about two hours, aitd the bride
being destroyed, Gen. Carter would find hil
seir in possession of 115 miles of the railrdd
in a country intensely loyal, where he coid
remain a week without rinnnor n1 nll
receive aid from the inhabitants in effectijg
the complete destruction of the great arterjof
the Confederacy. A single "pkee of gallrVB
work at Midway 60 miles west of Union, ijso
extensive that it required six months to bjild
it This could very easily be thrown dojrn
and destroyed in case it should be impossfcle
to go down as far as Strawberry Plains.
But whether or not this plan has been jftly
carried out, tbe destruction of the bridge at
Union, which The Lynchburg Republican stjs
it will take a week to replace, but which, whin
burnt last year, it really did take ninety dajt
to rebuild, is a serious matter for the rebeb,
especially now that Joe Johnston's shattered
forces are retreating upon this very line tf
communication. The victory of Gen. Ros-
crans, magnificent as it is in tbe steady ana
enduring valor of his army, has been rendered
still more decisive by the splendid daring of
Gen. Carter and his gallant Fourteen Hundred.
Death f Aged Hermit.
Mr. Joseph Plumroer of Meredith, N. H., well
kuown as "Old rfue flummer, the Hermit, who
has passed sixty. seven years of bis life by bim
sen iu m Kiiiu ui a iv)t uuubc, situnieu iu a remine
1 : r t I - :. - .
locality, died on tbe 3d lost , area eicthty-sieht
years. 1 bis eccentric individual was a aan of
Jesse Plaromer. and tbe last of a family of ale
Tea children, who, as a class, were industrious
and wealthy people. His habits when a youth
were singular. When engaged in tbe field be
would choose the centre of tbe piece, and en
closing himself with a fence, there work- On
attaining his majority be commenced bis life of
solitude in a small hoo.se on a seven acre lot In
Ii7 be selected a more remote situation in a
wood lot, and erected a boose, which, with its
furniture and everything nsed by him all being
of bis own manufacture, waa no less singular
than himself Here be passed bis life, cultiva
ting bis land, reading bis Bible, and devoting a
few moments to each of the many visitor who
were yearly attracted by curiosity to bis dwell
ing. One of his friends called on him tbe eve
nine previous to his deatb and requested perrnis
sion U psm tbe aigbt w ith him ; but he replied :
"You can do me no good. I shall die before noru
ivg " Tbe trieoJ granted his wish and Ht him,
and dunng tbe sight be died as be bad lived,
atonn-
Kecrv Wat J leecher. ia his reetnt fraterui-. ',
jij We cee-4 mm I
tvrsi we need naora biaod-Oed. Koo4
theaaeof ti asbaet. 1 ir- lba cn
fcioad.- Nw. war &r a Bast aaak a '
aaartvr f wha Lr be act Wi a
ir"a i- n 'aaai ? M r cJ.
i oaacr -am afv-rn 1-r kv Kimam
laur:a
Mtt&3v VMS stem 4W ia tiie br
I naa. in. JL-a. sa a ar mm aaa
-r? T:
FK0JI KOSECUANS'S AMY.
The Great Battle of Murfreesboro.
FULL EETKE.VT or th REBELS AT NIGHT.
GEN. RAI!St AND II ANSON KILLED.
Gei. Oladden,
Breckinridge, and Adam
Waunded,
OFFICIAL DISPATCU from ROSECRANS.
PURSUIT OF THE REBELS.
Their Rear Guard Attacked mud Dispersed,
The Losses or the Enemy
THE UNION LOSSES.
Detailed Account f the Fighting.
Washisoton, Tuesday, Jan. 6, 1883.
The following 4ispateh has been received at
headquarters :
Headquarters Dtp'u of the Cumberland, )
January 5. 1863. J
Maj. Gen. HallecJc, Gen,-in Chief Washington;
We have fought one of tbt greatest battles
of the war, and are victorious. .
Our entire success on the 31st -lt. was pre
vented by a surprise of the right nk, but
we havenerertheleasbeaten the enej after
They fled with great precipitation on SaL
day night
The last of their columns of cavalry left
this msrning.
Their loss has been very heavy.
Gens. Rains and Hanson are killed.
. Gens. Gladden, Adams, and Breckinridge
are wounded. W. S. Kosecraks,
Major-General Commanding.
Mcrfreesboro, Jan. 5, Via)
Nashville, Jan. 6, 1863. (
Tbe enemy evacuated in haste during Satur
day night. It is reported that tney were ter
.ribly demoralized from losses, but they left no
property behind. Sen. JNegley pursued tbem
with infantry. A cavalry force have followed.
Spear's First Tennessee Brigade attacked and
dispersed their rear guard of cavalry. Their
loss in Wednesday's battle was 5,000; several
hundred on Thursday ; over twelve hundred
on Friday, and 100-on Saturday night includ
ing wounded and captured. We have 1,500
of them prisoners, two colonels and several
majors. The bodies of Brig. -Gen. Rams and
Hanson and here. Gen. Breckinridge was
severely wounded, and Gen. Adams had an
arm broken. Major Clarence Prentice was
wounded in the thigh. Tbe famous 1st Louisi
ana Regiment was destroyed.
Our own losses in all the engagements were
1,100 killed, about 6,000 wounded, asd several
thousand prisoners. One-third of the wound
ed will soon be able to resume duty. The
army was considerably depreciated by strag
glers, including a number of officers, who will
be disgracefully dismissed, several for deser
tion. Col. Moody, .74th Ohio, is wounded.
Col. Chas. Anderson, 73d Ohio, Col. Nick An-
deeson, 6th Ohio, Col. John F. Miller, wound
ed, did not leave tbe held. Col. u imams, iiotn
Illinois, killed. Lieut Col. Hull, 37th Indiana,
reported killed, is wounded and a prisoner.
The Chicago Board of Trade battery, which
behaved gallantly, lost four killed and eight
wounded, including Lieu'. Griffin, wounded.
Loomis's Michigan battery lost one killed,
twelve wounded, and thirteen horses killed.
A review of tbe field of battle since the evacu
ation shows that the enemy were much more
formidably posted than we had developed, even
by our terrific fighting.
Before the Battle.
The Murfreesboro Rebel Banner of a dae
just previous to tbe recent battles contains the
following items: ' -
Retaliation Threatened.
The follon ing letter of Gen. Brags to the
commander of the Abolition forces confronting
us, meets the question squarely and plainly :
Headquarter Army of Jennetnee, I
Murfreeboro JJee. 11, 1862. J
General : In your letter of the 4th inst.
you express your abhorrence of the system of
harrassmg and arresting non-combatants. . In
a previous letter I have intimated ray entire
concurrence in these views, and nothing shall
swerve me from a faithful observance of a
policy which is dictated by every proper senti
ment 1 am creuioiy iniormea. However, mat
on the very day on which your communication
was written, a number ot citizens ol lennes-
see charged only with poitical offenses or pro
clivities, were arrested and imprisoned in the
penitentiary at Nashville. It is of little mo
ment to me whether this was aone by your
immediate order, or by your subordinates, for
whose conduct you are responsible, ana i here
by notify you that I shall enforce rigid and
unyielding retaliation against tbe commissioned
officers who shall fall into my hands until this
violation of good faith shu'! be corrected in
deeds as well as words.
Very respectfully, your ob't serv't,
BRAXTON BRAGG, Gen. Commanding.
Major Gen. Rosecban-s, Commanding U. S.
lorces, Nashville, Tenn.
A Urief Commission.
We have the unalloyed satisfaction of an-
nouncing the appointment of Cul. Roger W.
Hanson as Brig. Gen. in the Confederate ser
vice. Gen. Hanson, is reported killed in the
rceent battle.
trTL. 1' ttfuii' Jtestorvti Zu JSeYtito.
Gen. Gideon J. Pillow reached Murfreesboro'
last evening from Richmond. We understand
that he has been restored to active duty, and
ill immediately take trie Held.
Detail Aeeenat ef the Cighting.
Nashville, via Bowling Green, Jan. 4.
Thursday's Battle.
On Thursday morning the sun rose throurh
a mass of thick mist and fog, and just as he
made his appearance tbe pickets 01 the enemy
opened a brisk fire upon Palmer's Division,
bich constituted tbe right wing of uen. Crit
tenden's command. A few ot our men were
ounded. and our pickets manifested some
disposition to give way.
Two batteries, however, moved up to tneir
siinnort and the cannonade was so brisk that
the m bole of our fortes rushed to arms, expect-
"1 an immediate renewal of tbs battle on a
grand scale ; but the rebels did not sen dis- '
posed t? make the 6;h( Tmrral ; tbey brought !
oat a bcttery or two, b-h a-.tempted to)
repT to oors, twt tuca were as.ence-j com- 1
P a ' mmut ma we mae ;
t-v riicwt.i ! fine. 1
Tbtsr pick-: wr aa oVivra hack an t
arwat -aar tk. an-i tarn 3bb af bat
l. aT Era-y'a aartary. Oh. U-i--
a&i t5 t
i--.S. fcjarwoi. mwn aaasr
-?-Z t raaa t
-S wnsa
?
I - araa aiT-v 1 nan m ' . . . . -
they opened, and the butternuts retired in con
fusion to the cedar thickets in which they had
been concealed all the morning of Thursday,
leaving a number of their dead and wounded in
an intervening field.
On the center of our left, where a part of Gen.
Sheridan's Division was posted, a b isk firing
was Kept up between the pickets until near
night, when the rebels, becoming bold, once
more advanced in considerable force into an open
field. This lime oar men no longer remained
behind their breastworks but charged upon the
enemy, and pat them to a disgraceful flight, a
single company of the 27th Illinois capturing
150 prisoners.
A number of shells from some of our batteries
quieted tbe rebels for the remainder of the even
ing. The fighting on Thursday was at no time
on a large scale, amounting really to little more
than heavy skirmishing. Both armies seemed
inclined to rent after the dreadful contest of the
day before. The weather was cold and clear a
part of the day, but during the night there was
an ngly, drizzling rain from which our soldiers,
without shelter of any kind, suffered severely.
Friday's Operations.
There was nothing of importance occurring
Thursday night scarcely a shot from either side
was heard on Friday morning untilf nearly nine
o'clock. Then a terrible cannonade commenced
and raged for half an boar all along'the centre of
our ime. lira enemy s snot ana sneii new mica
and fast up the railroad and turnpike, and all over
tbe open ground occupied by the centre of our
army.
One of our batteries was moved to the front,
and bad more than half tbe horses killed and
disabled by the rebel fire; but it soon became
evident that tbe enemy's artillery was inferior to
our own, and after Loo mis bad knocked to pieces
a rebel battuij lin n . I 1
suuaieu near ine turnpiae. directly tn trout ot
Murfreesboro. tbe others hastily drew off, and
there was again a lull in the storm. Our loss in
ithia artillery duel was about 100 killed and
""vnnded.
. om the reports of rebel prisoners, I am led
beieye that tbe enemy's loss was very consid
erabls. 'jhere was nothing more than heavy
kumiahatajroo, this until 4 o'clock P. M.
""MmZay't Engagement.
Vjwliko OR ken, Ky., Jan. 4.
Ie,,?rn8.d ' ,t Fht to Nashville from the bat
tle field at Murfreesv.r0i andj fter a todioog ride
on the cars, during y,;ch T was engaged in wri
ting out these dispatch,, r arrived late this eve
ning at tms piace.
I say 1 lell tbe neld, DutVnt i,.nv nA ui
I was able to report a glorTC, 8QCCesS for the
arms of tbe Union The opekjions up to one
o clock yesterday, bad been conVcea Jn , lcala
of almost unpnralelled grandeur, inmost equaling
tbe sublimest military occurrencesjQTiQK tn
days of Napoleon. The battle of VedBesday
displayed in a most striking manner thVyior jjf
our troops, tbe earnestness of our office.
the genius of Gen. Rosecrans ; but the restsi on
toe w noio, seemed 10 do against us, and t
was a general feeling of despondency through,
ourarmr.
. On Thursday there was little disposition mani
fested on either side to renew tbe battle and this
feeling continued until after tbe cannonade of
Friday morning', the result of which did much to
encourage and inspire our soldiers, and make
them ready for the great event that took place in
the afternoon of that day. Gen. Van Cleve's di
vision, belonging to Geu. Crittenden's corps, had
been thrown across Stone river on Thursday, in
anticipation of an assault upon our left, similar
to that upon tbe right on Wednesday, or for a
purpose which perhaps it is now prudent to inti
mate. . - ,
-It was posted upon a low eminence, almost
overlooking Murfreesboro. and in this situation
formed, as indeed it bad done before, lhe extreme
left wing of our army. It was about 4 o'clock in
the evening, when no one anticipated a renewal
of the battle, that the rebels advanced in over
whelming force, under tbe command of Breckin
ridge, who seems to have been all day in charge
of tbe right wing of their army, and threw them
selves with terrible impetuosity upon Van Cleve's
division. . : .. . .
Thia portion of our forces was in command of
Col. Beatty of tbe J9tb Ohio, Gen. Van Cleve
having been wounded on Wednesday. Tha as
sault of tbe enemy was speedily announced to
the rest of the army by a dreadful war of artil
lery and a deafening rattle of musketry. Every
body rushed iustantly to arms, and all seemed
anxious to engaged the enemy at once.
For half an hour tbe gallant men of Van
Cleve's division held their own against five times
their numbers, but finding it impossible to with
stand tbe entire rebel army, began to give
ground. Two brigades slowly retired, the enemy
following with great determination, until at length
our men were pushed into the river, many of
tbem dying the water with their blood.
The 3d Brigade stood its ground somewhat
longer and fought if possible, more obstinately ;
still they too were just on '.the point of giving
way when Negley 's Division, which was near the
centre when tbe battle began, came rushing up
to tne rescue wita loua coeers.
The soldiers advanced to the river side, deliv
ered a few terrible volleys, which effectually
checked tbe rebel onset, and then plunged into
tbe stream itselt and waded across, all the tune
pouring their bullets into the face of the foe,
An adjacent bill, covered with woods, was just
open tne otner side ot mo river, and upon as
cending a tel -rabl y steeo bank a fence was reach
eo, wnicn separated tne woods trom the open
ground through which the river runs Here the
rebels attempted to make a stand, and poured a
leaden bail into our ranks as they clambered un
tne river Dana ; out tne seldiers 01 the Union
were no longer to be checked. They rushed up
to the fence, and burled the enemy away from it
at the point of the bayonet.
The whole woods then resounded with tbe roar
of battle, oar men continuing to drive tbe enemy
steadily Detore tnera. colonels X. K Stanley
and Miller, commanding brigades, urged forward
their men with dauntless courage, and drove the
rebels entirely out of the woods and across some
cornfields which lay just in front of the last strip
f timber which separated our army from Mur
freesboro. These cornfields were literally cover
ed with the rebel dead and dying.
The enemy had now been driven a mile and a
half, and nothing but the coming of night pre
vented the gallant Negley and bia men from
pushing into Murfreesboro I roi'e over the field
at 10 o'clock that night. Our forces held undis
putao possession of the contested ground. The
slaughter of the en?my was terrible to contem
plate. The woods by the river and cornfields re
sounded with the groans of the wounded and
dying.
At least 2,000 of tbe enemy fell in this glorious
affair, while our own loss could not have exceed
ed 500. More than lixw prisoners were left in
our hands. Several rebel flxgs were captured,
and at least one battery of artillery. When tbe
victory was announced to the rest of tbe army,
tbeir cheers fairly rent tbe air, and must have
apread dismay and terror among the rebel boats.
Up to 1 o'clock yesterday, the time I left the
field, it bad rained steadily all day, and tbe battle
had not been resumed.
Rebel Aceaaat af the Fight.
The Stmrfimttorv RcM Hammer, extra, of Jan
"2. gives an account of the battle on Wednesday
It says in yesterday's brief account of tbe san
guinary battle of Wednesday it has brought the
events of tbe engagesaeat down to aigbttall.
Onr left had driven the enemy's right several
saitra, and occupied tbe field f battle, csptering
bevital and BKat of I ha woasJed. aaJ rhw
wjtfcia yar Is cf tba Abaituao sick eta.
Oar rc?tt a as as so actively engaged The
aaaaty wvra auaax-7 traofa la a straas poltoa
bixt i !Saaey aa4 laaVs aveararfcy Bacrery
t sna taa aVr
ku taa aarrama tw sanaiy
a
m T aetiy aayajra
U aw ZpJLur-V sWaa'ar aaat aa.rt.M- ia-i. aW-a at;, a-a aej an i 11a. ava fcaa-a
tured vast quantities of small arms. The prij
oners were sent to Vicksburg for immediate
exchange Tbe wounded prisoners were com
fortably housed and cared for.
Of the number engaged. The Banner says that
Rotecran's army of invasion is, at the lowest
calculation, reventy thousand. Bragg's was
computed at forty thousand, and not half en
gaged. It further says that Gen. Sills' body was
brought in shot through the left eye with a
Mioie ball. They give the following casualties:
Col. Allen, 8d Ala., severely wounded in the
bead.
Col. Marks, 17th Tenn., wonnded.
Cspt. Dessard, 9th Ky., wounded in the hand.
Arljt. Card, 9th Ky., killed
It was reported that Gen. Woodruff was
among the Yankee slain.
Another account in the same paper says of
Wednesday's battle, after describing Rosecran's
march to the battle field: At about 2 o'clock onr
divisions, commanded by McCown, Claiborne,
and Cheatham, were ordered to charge the ene
my, who was planted in a dense thicket
Softly, but with a perfect line, our troops
emerged from the skirts of timber in which they
were sheltered, and moved across the open plain.
The battle now became terrific. Tbe crash upon
crash of musketry stunned 'the ear, and tha
ground trembled with the thunders of artillery,
and even the cedars rocked and quivered.
The Latest News.
The Pnraait ef lhe Kebels UTewo fp
th
Vmat Uwianpartaat.
Louisville, Tuesday, Jan. 6, 1863.'
Headquarters are advised that nreviona to tha
Murfreesboro fight, a large portion of the Ander-
advance.
laiaiiarl at fnaaayiljn, ana refused
The remainder, about 300. went into the fight
under Rosengarten and Ward, and behaved
gallantly. Notices have been sent along the Una
fur the arrest of a large number reported to have
deserted, and then returned to Nashville ia irons.
Col Brace captured at Clarksville a very
large amount of valuable army stores from tho
rebels.
A Nashville dispatch says that soma rebel
prisoners, captured on Thursday, and paroled,
had been in Murfreesboro four " hours. They
were direct from Richmond, Va, '
Nashville. Tenn., Tuesday, Jan. 6.
Over 600 rebel prisoners and 19 commissioned
officers were brought in this evening.
Unofficial reports state that cannonading was
heard ten miles from MurfreeabeiD. Our forces
are pursuing tbe rebels.
Bragg may make a stand at Tullahoma.
Our wouuded is about 7.000. Our whole loss
in killed, wounded and missing will not reach
ju.uvu.
Tbe rebel-loss was double oars." The wounded
of our soldiers are mostly slight Tbe best build
ings in Nashville are taken for hospitals. The
wounded will be cared for.
News from the front is meager and unimpor
tant.
There are four feet of water on fbe shoals, and
river is still rising, lhe weather is clear
sal Cold.
AOaira ia Rlchnaaa laanaease Aa
T"M sagar aaa ITIalaaaea Ilirlas; ant
the l"B;raea Blarket Hcporta Advance
i. Whla,.y.
From tftyrjichniona Examiner, Jan. 2.
Great Advau, Sugar and Molasses Trora
some cause, unkno oataiie tbe circle of specu
lators and extortionev thB two Bt)lple commodi
ties of sugar and mofaw,, haTB uken an aiarm.
tng rise within the psst, or three daTii and
prices have reached figurVn.yer before attained
since the war gave it fictions and unhealthy
value to every thing that a4e(j . speeulative)
turn. v -
Biw sugar sold j,esUrda9 95 rrHtt
pound by the sarrel, and molasses ag m a q g5
per gallon, tcholesale The same eonV, mrB
retailing Sugar at $13I 10 per pouhi
lasses at 7 bO&S and upteards per galm
Of course all kinds of bakers, confeVionery,
in which sugar and molasses form ingrients,
shot up proportionately ia price, and yesujay
a dozen common sweetened cakes that sold
week at 25 cents per doaen, were to 40 and V)
cents, and all other kinds of cake in proportion.
Parties who profess to know attribute the ad
vance to tbe active aggressive operations of tho
enemy in tbe t'outb and Southwest, which may
ultimately result in tbe destruction of communi
cation with Richmond for a time. This, if not
the real reason.will serve very well for aa excuse,
and the speculative mania tbat will now certainly
ensue, w-,11 run up prices beyond the present
rates, if the matter is not taken band by tha
government or the people.
Tub hiring season.
Yesterday the negro hiring season reached Its
climax in Kichmoud. Tha officers of the hiring
agents were thronged with masters and mistress
hunters of both sexes, aud all ages and condi
tions.
No space within, the black mass overflowed
into the streets, and settled down along tha
sidewalks and gutters, waiting to be "hired,"
while expressions such as "Uab you been hired
yet I" "Whose your massa this year!" were
heard, occasionally interrupted by a "hoe down"
upon the pavement.
Stimulated by the spirit of extortion which
has come to pervade all transactions in which
money is concerned, tbe "negro," in commercial
parlance, may be quoted as "stiff." and '-holding
nrm" above former quotations considerably.
Those wbo, being free, have the hiring out of
themselves, imitate the master of slave tabor,
aud hold themselves up to tbe "highest bidder
with an amount of assertion and impudence tbat
deserves to bring him a "knock down" at least.
The number of negroes hiring in Richmond and
vicinity is greater than at any former season, from
the fact that hundreds have teem sent here by their
otcners from the counties to prevent their falling tato
the possession of the enemy.
MARKET REPORTS, JAM. 2.
The general business of the city will not ba
fairly resumed before the end of next week, Tha
warehouses, mills, and manufactories are all still
closed.
The "almighty nigger" and the exorbitant
price of bis hire is everywhere the topic of con
versation, and the endless source of wonderment.
Adnlt negroes, male and female, ajfe"TifringIof
ii(MJ to $250. Boya between twelve and fifteen
bring 975.
uovernment is hiring a great nnmoer ox ne-
negroes, and is regulating the price. Tha pre
sent offers a tine opportunity for persons who
have been driven from their homes by tbe enemy
to dispose of tbeir negroes for tbe year
Nothing baa advanced so much in price within
tbe last twelve months as alcoholic liquors, and
the prospect is that we have aot yet touched tha
top. The vilest whiskey, wbieli before IU war
a gentleman would not give to his negroes, is
now eagerly-sought after and bought at from $25
to 4130 a gallon. French brandy ia worth from
f 40 to $ SO.
AddIo brandy is now tbe best and cheapest li
quor to be bad in this market, but evea tbat has
within tbe past two daya advanced aa many oet
lars. We ouote it to-day at t-iU a gallon. Tbe
small quantity in thia market, and the impossi
bility of bringing on a further supply in tbe en
tire abaeaee of transportation, most send it np
stiU iug'aer at a vtry abort time. We abonld not
be sari nsed if it should advance to by tha
f lose of toe week.
Tbe VToxu or a Natios. Wed not heai"
tate ta say that tbe women give to evsry nation
a aviral tesBpcraateat. wLlcb skews itself ia its
e-r- A aaadred base a. have anas weak
an aaae saal "tie. a 1 1 aai tbay had
IriWMaian aaa a-.y -i-" J tieaa. aot
w atvis a j4rLn vi it -r-?J '
Si
a.
'jsp r W V X Vft,
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