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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, May 31, 1903, Magazine Features, Image 29

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026749/1903-05-31/ed-1/seq-29/

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0 THE WASHINGTON W SHL GTONrrl1iE TIMES S SUNDAY FAY 31 1903 5 5I 5HOW
14 I I HOW Lt DRAT PARK CAME TO TO BE ADDED ADDEDTO TO THE CITY i f
f Fifth Street Formerly Larch 5 Street eet II The McClelland Residence 1 j f One 0 oftheBarriers of the Barriers Erected During D1U 1g the Fee vr War ar J
I
For Manu Years the Section of ofWashington ofWashin ofWashington
Washington Washin tonKnown Known bu That Name Had HadPracticallu HadPracticallu HadPracticallu
Practicallu Its Separate Government Governmentand
and Had All the Characteristics of a aCountru aCountruT aCountry
Country Town own Although AlthouahPlainlu Plainly Within With Within Within ¬
in the Boundary Limits
N that portion of Florida Avenue be between between between
J IN tween Seventh and Eighth Streets Streetsnorthwest Streetsnorthwest Streetsnorthwest
northwest where the street cars of ofthe ofthe ofSeventh
theStreet the Seventh Sev nth Street line and the Ninth NinthStreet NinthStr
Street Str et line pass passover over the same tracks tracksthousands tracksthousands tracksthousands
thousands of otpassengers passengers are carried carriedevery carriedeverydil carriedevery
every everydil dayt and probably but few If 1 any anyrealize anyreallze anyrealize
realize the fact that they are passing passingover passingover passingover
over a a road older than the organization organizationof
of the city cit a road that dates back to tothe t tthe tothe
the Revolutionary periodthe period perIodtheBladens perIodtheBladensburg the Bladensburg Bladens Bladensburg
burg Road which connected Georgetown Georgetownwith Georgetownwith Georgetownwith
with Bladensburg before the t location of otthe ofthe j jthe
the National Capital was determinedThe determined determinedThe determl ed edThe
The Map on theWaU theWaUIt the Wall WallIf
If the people pe ple passing this point will willnote w1l11l0tethe willnote
note 1l0tethe the little frame building occupied occupiedby occupiedby
by a florist 713 Florida Avenue Avenuenorthwest Avenuenorthwest Avenuenorthwest
northwest they will observe that infront In Infront infront
front of these premises and fastened to tothe tothe tothe
the blacksmith shop adjoining is a agoodly agoodly agoodly
goodly sized signboard on which ispainted is ispainted Ispainted
painted an an old map of this thlssecUonand thlssecUonandshowing section and andshowing andshowing
showing the intersection of the old oldBladensburg oldBladensburg oldBladensburg
Bladensburg Road and Boundary Street Streetnow Streetnow Streetnow
now known as Florida Avenue From Fromthis Fromthis Fromthis
this map It is seen that Seventh Street StreetRoad StxeetRoad StreetRoad
Road intersects Boundary Street and andthe andthe andthe
the old Bladensburg Road at a point pointabout pointabout pointabout
about 100 feet east of where the two twoe
e e ° e ° ° seer r e e ° ee °
VEIL since Will Caxton CaxtoncstabUshed CaxtoncstabUshedthe established establishedthe
EVER E 1 i the guild in a dingy little l1tt1 West Westi Westminster Westminster Westminster
minster street generations of ofprinters otprIntors ofprinters
printers have gone on on telling onehalf onehalfthe onehalttho onehalfthe
the world tho other halfs affairs a1ralrsDe a1ralrsDefore Be Before Before ¬
fore Columbus started on his Journey Journeythey journoythey journeythey
they wore feeding that mighty mlghtyappeUte mlghtyappeUtefor appetite appetitefor appetitefor
for gossip and today they toll on onun onunsung oaunsung un unsung ¬
sung and almost unrewarded unrewardedIt
It is the more pleasant to find flndthat flndthatat that thatat thatat
at Fort Myer Va the craft is In re respect respect respect ¬
spect and has a place set apart for the theexercise theexercIse theexerciso
exercise < of < its rites In the basement basementOf
Of too tl Administration Building at the theend theend theend
end of the street where the officers officersquarters omceraquarters officersquarters
quarters are built is the postprinting postprintingoffice postprintingoffice
office seldom found in army armystaUons armystaUonsYou stations stationsYou stationsYou
You will not notico the small latticed latticedwindows latticedwlndowB latticedwindows
windows their sills slllsfiush flush with the lawn lawnand lawnand lawnand
and it is no easy matter to make an anentrance anentrance anentrance
entrance into the shop but the Journey Journeymay jourMYmay journeymay
may repay the effort A corner of the therocklined therocklined therocklined
rocklined cellar has been inclosed by bytwo bytwo bytwo
two wooden partitions The room thus thusmade thusmadogives thusmade
made madogives gives plenty of elbowplay but butis butIs butis
is still small enough to be snug It Its Itsabout is isabout s sabout
about twenty feet by fifteen The firstthing first flrstthing firstthing
thing that hits you between the eyes eyesas eyesas eyesas
as you ou enter Is a printed warning hung hungfrom hungtrom hungfrom
from the chandelier and nnd worded with withmilitary withmilitary withmilitary
military directness directnessThings directnessThings directnessThings
Things in this room are not to be boremoved beremovedthis beremovedthis
removed removedthis this means you youBacking youBacking youBacking
Backing Up an Order OrderAs OrderAs OrderAs
As if to make good the command in incase incase incase
case of trespass Private Schmallzreldta Schmallzreldtadrawn Schmallzreldtsdrawn Schmallzreidtsdrawn
drawn saber Is fixed to tho wall across acrosstho acrosatho acrossthe
tho scabbard his dress cap hangs above aboveand aboveand aboveand
and a grim pair pa1rot of bolstered revolvers revolversbear revolverabear revolversbear
bear It company Truly a cavalrymans cavalrymanscrest cavalrymanscrestatter cavalrymanscrestafter
crest crestatter after the order of Napoleons Napoleonsmarshals Napoleonamarshals Napoleonsmarshals
marshals whose title to nobility was wasblows wasblows wasblows
blows blowsAs blowsAs blowsAs
As the eye follows fell 0 us the outline of the theroom theroom theroom
room around you see s e his bed for he hesleeps hesle hoslops
sleeps sle ps In this cool office during durin the thesummer thesummerunder thesummerunder
summer summerunder under arms as It I t were A type typecase typecase typocase
case at which two can work f tco ce to toface totace toface
face and a fourfoot printing press pressn ra + a
roads Join at an acute angle and glanclng glanc glancing glancing ¬
ing along the lines of Boundary Street Streetand Seet Seetand tIee tIeeand
and the north northIin lines s of ot some buildings buildingswhich bufldlngs bufldlngswhich buildingwhich s
which have been erected in this angle anglewe anglwe nglewe e
we easily see see ee the direction of the Bladensburg Blad Bladensburg Bladensburg ¬
ensburg Road and discover that the thesmall thesmall th thsmall e
small building 713 Florida Avenuenorthwest Avenue Avenuenorthwest AvenuenOrthwest
northwest marks the spot where th thBladensburg the theBladensburg theBladensburg e
Bladensburg Road deflected from Boun Boundary Boundary Boundary ¬
dary Street and bore off in a north northeasterly northeasterly northeasterly ¬
easterly direction toward Bladensburg BladensburgOnce BladensburgOnce BladensburgOnce
Once Part of Jamaica VacancyThe Vacancy VacancyThe Vacancybe
The be map referred to is said to be beportion a aportion aportion
portion of Jamaica and Smiths Vacan Vacancy Vacancy ¬
cy but if we examine exam ne the tlieplati plats in the theoffice th thoffice thoffice e
office of the Surveyor of the therUstrlct lstrlct we wewill w ww111 wwill e
will hardly find on on file any plats o othose of ofthose ofthose f
those sections but may may learn that thatLe thatLeDroit Le LeDrolt L LDroit e
Droit Park was once a part of Jamaica Jamaicaand Jamaicad Jamaicand a
and and d Smiths Vacancy and possibly possiblyportion a aportion aportlonot
portion portlonot of of Port Port Royal Prior to the ces cession cession cession ¬
sion of the territory now included in inthe Inthe i Itthe
the District from Maryland the land landknown landknown landknown
known as as Jamaica was owned by on onPhilip one onePhilip onePh1Up e
Philip R RFendall Fendall of Virginia He con conveyed conveyed conthis ¬
veyed this tract of of 494 acres acres on the the12th the12th th th12th e
12th day of t January 1792 to Samuel SamuelBlodgett SamuelBlodgett SamuelBlodgett
Blodgett Jr of Massachusetts and andfrom andfrom an anfrom d
from this point the title of the land ca cabe can canbe canbe n
be traced down to the present time timeThe timeThe timeThe
The names attached to the different va va
1 I 1s l e I rI er I Ir a rrI ° R
mass of oily Wheels lovers and cogs cogsnot cogsnot cogsnot
not to be comprehended by the unmechanicalrinlndoccup unme unmechanlcal unmechanlcal
chanlcal chanicalrinlndoccup 5nlnd occupy y nearly all the re remaining rema1nlng remaining ¬
maining space spaceIf spaceIf
If you know how to go about it andthe and andthe andthe
the gods have given you enough enthu enthusiasm enthusiasm enthusiasm ¬
siasm for the thegamePrlvate game Private Schmalllz Schmalilzretdt Schmalllzreldt Schmalllzreldt
reldt may let you set a stick sUckot of type Heappreciates Heappreciates He Heappreciates
appreciates of course course the dignity of ofpostprinter orpostprinter ofpostprinter
postprinter but buttbe the brotherhood of ofnewspaper ofnewspaper ofnewspaper
newspaper men is broad and he thaws thawsat
at once if you happen to be a memberBesides member memberBesides memberBEsides
Besides the the time is not sot sq far pastwhen past pastwhen pasthen
when hen evcft ev he knew nothing about thoart tho thoart theart
art preservative and had to learn it inthis in inthis inthis
this very ery office Tell him that as I I did didIt didIt didIt
It Is one of the he most fascinating fascinatingthings fascinatingthings fascinatingthings
things in the world this same sllmetypeset sllmetypesettfngthat typesettingthat typeset typesetting ¬
tfngthat ting that is the learning of It The Thesavor Thesavor Thesavor
savor is gone once you know how and andhave andhave andhave
have to do it day after day to keep the thepot thepot thepot
pot abolljng abolljngAlmanacs abollingAlmanacs aboilingAlmanacs
Almanacs to the contrary officers andmen and andmen andmon
men believe Fort Myar is a warm postin post postin postIn
in summer Tho coolness and quiet in inthe Inthe n nthe
the model little printing shop however howeverIs
Is of a Sabbath quality You stand atthe at atthe atthe
the case well out of the heat on the thospringy thesprIngy thespringy
springy wooden step and set s t your yourstick yourstick yourstick
stick as It should he set in peace andclose and andclose andclose
close to Mother Natures heart for you youare youare youare
are just at the surface of the groundoutside ground groundoutside groundoutside
outside A glanco as you finish a lineand line lineand lineand
and the eyo travels down the company companystreet companystreet companystreet
street toward the cemetery or the hazyand hazy hazyand hazyand
and distant city A glance as you flnlsn flnlsnanother finlsnanother fnisaanother
another and you look loolencross across to the hills hillsbeyond hillsbeyond hillsbeyond
beyond the big plain where the drillin drillinbattery drilling drillingbattery drillingbattery g
battery are are out owtfor for the dust dustMessages dustMessages dustMessages
Messages of the TypesHow Types TypesHow TypesHow
How many messages of grief andp1 and andpleasure andp1easure
pleasure p1 eaaure have these straight little letters let letters lett ¬
ters t ters rB borne in serried rank tto officer an anman and andman andman d
man They assemble like like town crierson criers crierson
on the occasion of every birth wedding weddingand weddinGandfuner weddingand
and andfuner funeral l telling it t to toall all who wh wish to tohear tohear t thear °
hear This e that I press In close closehere clolie11Orc closhere e
here it may have gone to to the spelllnof spelling spellingof S
of killed promoted dishonorably dls
cancles establish the names names of the va various ya yarIous various ¬
rious owners of lands adjoining theBladensburg the theBladensburg theBladensburgRoad
Bladensburg BladensburgRoad Road at the time It wasabandoned was wasabandoned wasabandoned
abandoned as a a thoroughfare thoroughfaroand and taken takenup taleenup takenup
up as a aportlon portion of the farms in In that sec section sec section ec ectlon ¬
tion tion and the th presence of ofthls91droad ofthls91droadaccounts this old road roadaccounts road roadaccounts
accounts for some Bomeot of the peculiar linesin lines linesIn HnesIn
In some of the northern boundaries ofsome of ofsome atsome
some of the lots in inLeDroit Le Drolt Park This Thisroad Tbisroad Thisroad
road crossed Second Street Streetata at a a point pointnorth pointnorth pointnorth
north of Elm Street here The old plats platsshow platsshow platsshow
show show Moores Vacancy The road finally final finally ifnal ifnally ¬
ly joined jolnedth the present presentroad road to Bladens Bladensburg Bladensburg Bladensburg ¬
burg at a point where the sixth mile milestone mllestone milestone ¬
stone of the northern line of of f the Dis District DlstrIctwns District ¬
trict trIctwns was located locatedIt
It Is ispr probable bable that this ihispecuUarly peculiarly natural natural natu iiatural ¬
ral boundary of otsome some some of the lands which whichafterward whicharterward
afterward afterward became Le Drolt DroltParkruay DroltParkruayhavahadsomethlng Park may mayhave
have havahadsomethlng had something to do with with the thestrange thetrane the thestrange
strange trane lines which are are found in the thestreets thestreets
streets of that suburb although It was wasnot wasnot was wasnot
not the Intention at thetlme the time that thatLe thatLeDroit Le LeDroit
Droit Park was subdivided to have the thestreets thestreets thestreets
streets conform with the city streets streetsSite streetsSite streetsSite
Site of Campbell Hospital HospitalDuring HospitaIDuring HospitalDuring
During the civil war w war r the territorynow territory territorynow territorynow
now contained in Lo Droit Park was used usedas usedas usedas
as the site of otCampbeU Campbell General Hos Hospital Hospital Hospital ¬
pital one oneot of the important hospitalnear hospitals hospitalsnear h spltals spltalsnear s
near Washington The hospital com comprised comprlsed ¬
prised some seventeen separate wooden woodenbuildings woodenbufldlngs
buildings erected in the theformota form of ofa a hol hollow hollow ¬
low square with the central portion portiondivided portiondivided n
divided Into irregular spaces by build buildings buUdIngs ¬
ings cutting across the Inclosure and andconnecting andconnecting andconnecting d
connecting the outside buildings buildingsThe bufldlngflThe buildingsThe
The larger largerdlmenston dimension of this hospital hospitalwas hospitalwas
was was from north to south and extended extendedfrom extendedfrom
from Boundary Boundar Street now now known as asFlorida asFlorIda a aFlorida s
Florida Avenue on the south to the theland theland th e
land occupied for many manyyearii years as abase abaseball a base baseball baseball ¬
ball park situated south of Freedmans FreedmansHospital FreedmansHospital
Hospital and designated on some of ofthe Ifthe f
the old maps as LevI Park From east eastto eastto ens ensto t
to west the hospital covered the ground groundfrom gIoundtram groun grounfrom d
from Seventh Street to what Is s now
eeeewr serer e ° rreirr ° e ire °
charged tortured by Apaches married marriedenlisted marriedenlfsted marriedenlisted
enlisted died dleda a bewildering number oftragic of oftragic ottragic
tragic comic and melodramatic roles solesThe IolesThe rolesThe
The limberlegged old type case has hasfollowed hasfollowed hasfollowed
followed the fortunes of the Second Cav Cavalry Cavalry Cavalry ¬
alry from New Mexico to Cuba Like Likeas Llkas Likeas
as not it has heard the Indian warwhoop war warwhoop warwhoop
whoop and heard stories of the sameIndians same sameIndians sameIndians
Indians ugly handiwork You can Imag Imagine ImagIne imagine ¬
ine Its noncombatant knees shaking ns nsthe lSthe isthe
the Spanish yell and the music of the thewhizzing thewblzzingMauser thewhizzing
whizzing wblzzingMauser Mauser came to Its ears in inCuba InCuba 1nCuba
Cuba I dare say It knows as much of ofwar orwar ofwar
war as any grizzled first sergeant In the thecommand thecommand thecommand
command And the press is no recruit recruitIt
It has seen seven seven years service enlist enlisting enlist enlistIng enlisting ¬
ing when the typecase did July 1896 189GIn 1896In 1896In
In that year almost every building at atFort atFort atFort
Fort Wyngate New Mexico exlco was burned burtir burtired burn burtled
ed to the ground The printing office officewas otncewas officewas
was destroyed Capt L M Brett of ofF ufF ofF
F troop was stationed at the t e fort andwith and andwith andwith
with the aid of the band and a couple coupleof coulpol
of battery horses he plowed a gar garden garden garden ¬
den planted vegetables and nd triumphant triumphantly ¬
ly peddled his crop until enough money moneywas moneywas moneywas
was made to buy bu the present outfit outfitAn outfitAn outfitAn
An Important Personage PersonagePrivate PersonagePrIvate PersonagePrivate
Private Schmallzreldt a moment till tillI tiJlr
I fix this space space7ls Is almost as much In Indemand Indemand Indemand
demand at concerts and hops as the verymusicians very verymusicians verymuslclans
musicians The neat neutprograms programs and dancecards dance dancecards dancecards
cards treasures of West Pointers afterward after afterward afterward ¬
ward ward are his work Colonel Edgerly EdgerlyColonel EderhColonel EdgerlyColonel
Colonel Thompson and Major Glennan Glennanwrite Glcnnanwrite Glennanwrite
write out the orders for their men and andSchmallzreldt an anSchmallzreidt andSchmallzrefdt
Schmallzreldt sets them up In the same samefashion samfashion samefashion
fashion that General Milt IUoo orders are areprinted areprinted arcprinted
printed for the War Department Then Thentoo Thentoo Thentoo
too there Is a booklet containing a ros roster roster roeter ¬
ter of commissioned and noncommis noncommissioned noncomm1ssloned noncommissioned ¬
sioned officers published each June It Itshows Itshows ftshows
shows the he promotions retirements and anddeaths anddeaths
deaths in the command for each yearThis year yearThis ear earThis
This pamphlet is a work of art when whenthe whentho whenthe
the materials which go to Itsjcomposl Itsjcomposltlon ltscomposltlonand
tlon tlonand and the result are compared comparedTyposetting comparodTypesetting comparedTyposetting
Typosetting becomes mechanical af after atter after ¬
ter a while and you can listen listento
to every word the soldier and his com comrade comrade ¬
rade are saying as they lie stretchedout stretched stretchedout
out on the grass near near your window windowDo windowDoye windowDo
Do Doye yo mind Jlmuile Jimmie Macklin Ed Eddard Eddard EdHes
dard Hes out In n the Presidio now now nowYe nowYe
Ye do Well a beamish boy he was and andno andno
no mistake I had il a letter from him himthe himthe himthe
the other day Hes up up to t his ould ouldj
j
known known as Fifth Street in Le Dolt Park Parkand Parkand Parkand
and It Is possible that a aportfonot portion of thespace the thespace thespace
space between Fifth Street and Fourth FourthStreet FourthStreet FourthStreet
Street was also included in n the hospitalinclosure hospital hospitalinclosure
inclosure inclosureAt Iinclosure I
At this this time there were wer were only two twodwellings twodwellings twodwellings
dwellings In thetraetknvn the tract tract known afterward afterwardas afterward afterwardas
as Le Droit Park Parkthe theMcClelland McClelland IcClenandand IcClenandandthe andthe and andthe
the Oilman homesteads homesteads Each Includedabout included includedabout includedI
about ab oUt ten t cn acres of 10 landused nd us cd for fo rg grazingand grazing grazingand r a Zlng Zlngand
I and garden purposes The McClellandproperty McClelland McClellandproperty IcQlellandproperty
property and the Gilman property weredivided were weredivided Weredivided
divided divided by a row of large oak trees treeswhich treeswbich treeswhich
which were situated about fifty feet feetapart teetapart feetapart
apart and continued from Florida Ave Avenue Avenue Avenue ¬
nue then Boundary Street to th the north northern northern northera ¬
Streett t tTo
ern line of the park parkTo parkTo
To the east eastot of the Oilman tract was wasil wasilnarroW a anarrow anarrow
narrow narrow strip strlDof of land known as thePrather the thePrather thePrather
Prather tract East of this was Moores MooresLane MooresLane MooresLane
Lane now Second Street and still to tothe tothe tothe
the east east was the tracts of the MooresGeorge Moores MooresGeorge IooresGeorge
George and David Davldcoerlng covering the territory territoryas
as far east as the present location of ofLincoln ofLincoln ofLincoln
Lincoln Avenue A on on which was was locatedHarewood located locatedHarewood locatedHarewood
Harewood Hospital another hospital of ofconsiderable ofconsiderable ofconsiderable
considerable note during the civil war warT war warT warT
T R RSenJo Senior who whowasco was commissary mlssaryat mlssaryatCampbell at atCampbell atCampbell
Campbell Hospital returned to the city citysome citysome citysome
some twelve years after afterthe a t rtheware the war war closed closedand osed osedand
and purchased a residence at the cornerof corner cornerof cornerof
of Elm and Second Streets where he now howresides nowresides nowresides
resides Members 1fembersot Members of the family of DavidMcClelland David DayldIcCleHand DavidMcClelland
McClelland now occupy the old oldho home homestead e estead ¬
stead stead on Second Street StreetFollowing StreetFollowing
Following the closo of the war It became be became became ¬
came necessary to provide for such of ofthe otthe ofthe
the freedmen as were In need of as assistance assistance asslstance ¬
sistance Campbell General Ge cral Hospital was wasoccupied wasoccupied wasoccupied
occupied by the freedmen pntu until August
16 1869 when the patients were trans transferred transferred ¬
ferred to the th new new Freedmans Hospital Hospitalwhich lIospitalwhich Fiaspitalwhich
which had been erected in connection connectionwith connectionwith
with Howard University UniversityThe UniversityThe
The property upon which Freedmaua FreedmauaHospital FreedmanlHospital
Hospital stands consisted of a tract of
150 acres and was purchased from John Johnf
f ftJ I
tricks It seems theirs masquerades masqueradesgiven masqueradesgiven masqueradesgiven
given Inside the post by civilians They Theywas Theywas Theywas
was frequent and grand but the price pricewas pricewas pricewas
was high and the crowd select Jim Jlmmles Jimmies Jimmies
mies mouth wathered for some of the thegood thegood thegood
good things to eat and drink mores moresthe moresthe moresthe
the pity but devil an inch could c uld he get gothis gethis gethis
his nose Inside the dure d re One night nightheres nlghtheres nightheres
heres Captain Brett salute saluteWeU Well as asI asI asI
I was saying they give a big blowout blowouton
on night and Quality Street was there thereByes thereByes thereByes
Byes says Jimmie how much moneys moneysIn
In the crowd They managed managed to scrape scrapeup scrapeup scrapeup
up 312 12 Hand this over and meet me meat meat meat
at the flagstaff at l11 ll 1 and Ill get ye yeall YEtaU yeall
all Inside the masquerade Well VeUEd VeUEddard Ed Eddard Eddard
dard he bought a ticket 10 and a d ho hohired hIhired hehired
hired a suit Then he went In ate a afull arull afull
full supper and slipped Into a cloak cloakroom cloakroom cloakkroom
room with a window opening on the thegrounds tbegrounds thegrounds
grounds Tile crowd was waiting for forhim forhim forhim
him and Harney climbed the llghtnln llghtnlnrod lIghtnlnrod lightninrod
rod rod changed suits with Jimmie and andwent andwent andwent
went In to supper Eddard they kept keptthat keptthat keptthat
that thing up until a > dozen men had hadeat hadeat
eat Thin the folks began to notice noticethat noticethat noticethat
that the yellowdomino yeUow domlno had eaten more morethan morethan morethan
than he could hould They smelled tho thorat thorat therat
rat and Glneral Ord Ordyou you never served servedwith servedwith servedwith
with him blmbe he comes runnin up and andtears andtears andtears
tears tho mask off Devlin that was wasstuffln wasstumn wasstuffin
stuffln himself he being the thirteenth thirteenthman
man The upshot of It was courtmartial courtmar courtmartial courtmartial ¬
tial for Macklin but tho Judges was that thatconvulsed thatconvulsed thatconvulsed
convulsed wid laughter they the let him oK oKwld orwid oftwid
wid a light slntence Eyah That was wasa wasa
a great time How I wish I was there thereThe thereThe thereThe
The Eagles Short Life LifeMarch LifeMarch LifeMarch
March 26 of last year Private Schmall Schmallzreldt S Srhmallzreidt l mal1 mal1zroidt ¬
zreldt and Corporal Lamb of F and andD andD andD
D Troops respectively embarked upon uponthe uponthe uponthe
the sea of journalism with The Garrison GarrisonEagle GarrisonEagle GarrisonEagle
Eagle This lhlspaper paper was to be devoted to tothe tothe tothe
the Interests of the post and country countryside countryside countryside ¬
side and was intended to chronicle mat matters matters matters ¬
ters of moment to officers and men A Acopy Acopy Acopy
copy of the first and only o ly edition now nowBomowhat nowsomowhat nowsomewhat
somewhat of a rarity lies on the desk deskbefore deskbefore deskbefore
before me It has six pages and is isprinted Isprinted isprinted
printed In Schmallzreldts Schmallireidts best style on onyellowtinted onyeUowtlntedpaperthe onyellowtinted
yellowtinted yeUowtlntedpaperthe paper paperthe the cavalry color colorLeaders colorLcadersotbreathless colorLeaders
Leaders Lcadersotbreathless of breathless Interest appear on onthe onthe onthe
the first page Ono reads readsDid readsDldYoU readsDid
Did DldYoU you notice the Eaglo costs less lessthan lessthan lessthan
than 5 cents You could not buy a achicken achicken achicken
chicken so cheap man manA manA manA
A lifelike picture of the Second Cav Cavalry Cavalry Cavalry ¬
alry charging g at the Madison Square Squares
s
A Smith In April 1867 Howardtowiy Howardtowiywas Howardtown Howardtownwas
was laid out and soon after some 500 500lots 500lots 500lots
lots were were wer sold and at this time It seems seemsthat seemsthat seemsthat
that the idea was conveyed that streets streetswould streetswould streetswould
would be opened to the south through throughthe throughth throughthe
the th Miller Milfer tract In April 1370 the How Howard Howard Howard ¬
ard University purchased purchasedtbe the Miller Millertractand Millertract Hllertract
tract tractand an and laid ad out streets to connect connectthe conne connectthe t tthestreetsof
the thestreetsof streets of Howardtown How Howa dto dtown n with withh thecity thecltystreets thecitystreets thecitystreets
streets and a little later built four fourhouses fOllrhouses fourhouses
houses on on the line ofwhat oi what Is now known knownas
as Fourth Street StreetftIld and In 1872 subdivided subdividedthe
the Miller tract but for some reason theplat the theplat thepl
plat pl t was not recorded recordedIn recordedIn
In 1873 S73 the Miller tract was sold by byHoward byHeward byHcward
Howard University to A Langdon and andz
z l short time afterward A L Barber Barberformerly Barberrormerly Barberformerly
formerly secretary of Howard Univer Zlniversity University TInlverJty ¬
sity Jty became associated with Langdon Langdonas Langdonas
as as his partner and by arrangements arrangementswith arrangementswith
with w th D DlIc McClelland < lellandall all of of the three threetracts threetracts I
tracts known as asthe the Miller tract the theMcClelland theiICCleu theMcClelland
McClelland iICCleu and tract tr act and an d the Oilman Gl1m an tract tractWere tractvere
Were united and subdivided d and in June JunelS73 I
1873 a subdivision s bdlvlslonknown known as Le Droit DroitPark DroitP DroitPark
Park P rk was placed an on record in the sur surveyors sureyors surveyors ¬
veyors office A subsequent plat was wasfileo1 wastll wasSled
Sled tll dsome some el eighteen teen months m nt11s later lat r In Inwhich Inwhich n nwhich
which the t e proprietors of the subdivision subdivisiondeclared subdivisionrlcclar subdivisiondeclared
declared declared rlcclar d ft to be p their the purpose and In Intention IntenH in intention ¬
tention tenH tention to retain and W control the ownerhip owner ownership7 ownerfhl ¬
ship7 fhl hip of all thestre the streets ts platted and the theright theright theright
right to inclose the whole or any an por partton portion porHono ¬
tion Hono of the tracts ti ctsor or tract Included In Inthe Inthe inthe
the subdivision and to locate and con control control control ¬
trol all entrances and gates to thesame the thesame thesame
same sameDuring sameDuring sameDuring
During the autumn of 1873 A L LBar LBarber Bar Barfcer Barher
her Co Cocommen commenced ed the erection of offences ofrcnces offences
fences across the north line of Le Droit DroltPark DroitFerk DroitPerk
Park and from this time until August August1S91
1S91 1 91 fences were maintained along al ngth ngthLorthern theiorthern the thenorthern
northern line of the park p rk From1886 From1886to
to 1891 frequent tr quent fence tence wars were in inoperation inoJeration inoieration
operation The fence across what Is now nowFourth nowFourth nowFourth
Fourth Street would be removed by one oneparty one onepnrtYand oneparty
party pnrtYand and the opposing party would se secure secure secure
cure an an injunction injunctlonand and restore it This Thismode Tlilsmode Thismode
mode of procedure was repeated at va vat varr4ryse
rr4ryse t = rtgr ° ir rr J ° r r SJ r r J J
THE ARMY PRINTING OFFICE AT FORT F MYER BU HUGH j FEGAN I
Garden tournament appears Tb Thu tech technique technique tech technique ¬
nique is much admired Two bits 9 9Jlght of oflight oflight
light and airy verse from the pen of ofCorporal otCorporal ofCorporal
Corporal Lamb lend the necessary tone toneof toneof toneof
of culture One stanza stautareads stautareadsOh reads readsOh readsOh
Oh Marlon I was feeling forlorn forlornIn
In my heart was pressing a thorn thornBut thornBut thornBut
But you weye w e In Illinois IllinoisAnd IllinoisAnd IllinoisAnd
And I alone with the boys boysYes boysYes1Iarlon boysYes
Yes Yes1Iarlon Marion I was forlorn forlornBut forlornBut forlornBut
But what made the men gather round roundthe roundthe roundthe
the Eagle and send up shout after aftershout aftershou1 aftershout
shout of f laughter was the minor Items ItemsThe itemsThe
The wit In these Is genuine with wl h a bar barrackroom barrackroom barrackroom ¬
rackroom flavor delicate as a carbinebutt carbine carbinebutt carblnebutt
butt andipolntcd as a saber saberPrivate saberPrivate saberPrivate
Private Harry T Mosher of the band bandtook bandtook bandtook
took a short sh rt ride mounted SaturdayWatch Saturday SaturdayWatch SaturdayYatchhlswalk
Watch Yatchhlswalk his walk nowIt now nowIt now nowIt
It was observed the other day that thatDeath thatDeath thatDeath
Death was in the family of tho librarian librarianTwas librarianTwas librarianTwas
Twas his cat catDid cntDid catDid
Did you see herat her at the postoffice the theother theother theother
other day Slim SlimThe SlimThe SlimThe
The Eagle was discontinued after afterthe aftelthe afterthe
the first Issue The men will will tell you youbecause youbecause
because Schmallzreldt and Lamb went wentbankrupt wentbankrupt
bankrupt but the large circulation con contradicts contradicts ¬
tradicts this May Ma the Eagle however howeverprove howeverprove
prove no eagle but a little Phoenix and andrise andrise
rise again on the newspaper horizon horizonFor horizonFor
For those who have seen the Fort FortMyer FortMyer FortMyer
Myer printing shop this may call up upsome upsome upsome
some pleasant memories of half an hour hourspent hourspent hourspent
spent there for those thosewbo who are beyond beyondthe beyondthe beyondthe
the pale and have not there Is no hope hopeunless hopeunless hopeunless
unless they the go Immediately and become becomefamiliar becamefamlUar becomefamiliar
familiar with very nook and cranny In It ItTHE ItTHE itWWWWW
WWWWW WWWWWTHE
THE SUNSHINY DAY DAYSpite DAYSpite DAYSpite
Spite o the red thorns that wound woundus
usThe us usThe usThe
The storms that strike dark on tho thoway thoway theway
way wayThe wayThe wayThe
The sorrow s rrow tho sighs sighsAn sighsAn sighsAn
An the tearshadowed eyes eyesWell eyesVeJI eyesWell
Well got to the sunshiny sunshin day dayAnd dayAnd dayAnd
And after the sorrow the singing singingWill singingwm singingWill
Will mako tho wild weather seem seemMay seemMay seemMay
May MayFar MayFar MayFar
Far brighter the fight JIghtFor fightFor Iiht Iihtlor
For tho gloom o the night nightWhen nightWhon nightWhen
When we get to tho sunshiny day
Right of the Municipal Authorities Authoritiesto c
to Have Control of the Streets Led Ledto Ledto
to the Famous Fence Wars WarsWhiGh WarsWhiGhRa Which WhichRaged WhichRaged
Raged Ra ed Intermittentlu for Nearlu Twenty TwentyYears TwentuYears TwentyYears
Years Some Interesting History HistoryReviewed HistorJJRev HistoryReviewed
Reviewed Rev lewed
ileus r cus times until in 1901a compromise compromiseverdict compromisevtrdlct compromiseverdict
verdict was agreed upon by the two fac factions factions factions ¬
tions andthe and the fence was removed removedFourth remov removedFc d
Fc Fourth 1 curth urthStreet Street was improved north nort1 of ofthe of oftbco ofthe
the park and the streets of the park parkpassed parkpassed parkpassed
passed Into the control of the city after aftera
a period of some some eighteen years of pri private private private ¬
vate ownership ownershipThe +
The organization of Le Droit Park under un under under ¬
der the limitations of the plat filed In In1873wasa
1873 1873wasa was a peculiar experiment that of ofthe ortbefounding ofthe
the tbefounding founding of an Independent suburb suburbadjoining suburbadjOlnln suburbadjoining
adjoining g the city The Th e southern so Uth ern line of ofthe ofthe
the park was inclosed with a handsome handsomecombination handsomecombinatIon handsomecombination
combination iron and wood fence some someof someot someof I
of which may now be found on the thesouthern thesou thesouthern
southern sou herI line of the McClelland prop property propertyBulldlngs proparty ¬ =
arty ertyBulldlngs Buildings were erected with plen plenty plenty plenty ¬
ty of room around them and during the theperiod theperiod theperiod
period from 1873 to 1885 the larger part partof partof partof
of the buildings were planned and erect erected erected erected ¬
ed by James H McGill Double housea houseswere houseawere houseawere
were quite common but it t was not until
1888 that such a a thing as a row of houses houseswas houseswas houseswas
was known in the park parkBefore parkBefore parkBefore
Before control of the streets was sur surrendered surrendered surrendered ¬
rendered to the city the conditions condition ex existing exIsting existing ¬
isting In the park resembled closely closelythose closelythose closelythose
those found in small country towns townsMany townsrany townsMany
Many of If the Inhabitants owned cows cowswhich cowshlch cowswhich
which hlch were ere pastured upon uponthe the vacant vacantlotsfthe vacantlots vacantlotsthe
lotsfthe lots the women went anelghborlng anelghborlngand
and the social life savored strongly of ofa otavUlage ofa
a village and yet It was near the city cityThe cityThe cityThe
The express and telegraph messengers messengershowever messengershowever messengershowever
however always collected of residents
errsrrr II ° etre ° e I s rr sesesreerrrssersse
IlesllL ° IY ° I ° I
THE THE HE GREAT G REAT SEAL SEA L OF THE THEUNITED THEI
I UNITED STATES STA IES TREASURY
A CORRESPONDENT co RR ESPO DENT writes for In Information Inrormation information ¬
A ACORRESPONDENT formation upon the legend or ormotto ormotto ormotto
motto which encircles the seal sealImprinted sealImprinted sealimprinted
Imprinted upon United States bonds bondsTreasury bondsTreasury bondsTreasury
Treasury notes etc which is Thesaur ThesaurAmer ThesaurAmer ThesaurAmer
Amer Septent Sigil signifying appar apparently apparenti apparently ¬
ently enti Seal of the Treasury of North NorthAmerica NorthA NorthAmerica
America AmericaThe A AmericaThe erica ericaThe
The query has often been asked why whythis whythis whythis
this legend is not inscribed Seal of the theTreasury tboTrcasuryot theTreasury
Treasury of the United States of America Ameri America ¬
ca What Is known as the Great Seal Sealof Sealot Sealof
of the Treasury of the United States a afac afac I Ifac
fac simile of which appears on all ll the thecirculating thecirculating thecirculating
circulating notes and other pecuniary pecuniaryobligations pecuniaryobligations pecuniaryobligations
obligations of the Government is a afrequent afrequent afrequent
frequent subject of inquiry on tho part partof partot partof
of the people of an investigating turn turnof turnot turnof
of mind the legend which literally Is IsSeal IsSeal isSean
Seal of the Treasury of North America Americasuggesting Americasuggesting Americasuggesting
suggesting an especial subject s bjectfor for inquiry In Inquiry inqulryWhy ¬
quiry qulryWhy Why the seal should be b that of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the Treasury of North America Is Isespecially Isespecially isespecially
especially puzzling to almost every per person person person ¬
son familiar vljth wllthe the literal significance significanceof
of the legend legendTho le legendTho end endThe
Tho history of tho theseal seal and of Its itsadop itsadoptlon adop adoption adoption ¬
tion is not entirely clear On September
26 1778 the Continental Congress re resolved resolved resolved ¬
solved that a committee of three be ap appointed appointed appointed ¬
pointed to prepare a seal for the Treas Treasury Treasury Treasury ¬
ury and the Navy The committee committeechosen committeechosen committeechosen
chosen in pursuance of that resolution resolutionconsisted resolutionconsisted resolutionconsisted
consisted of Messrs Witherspoon WltherspoonRobert WitherspoonReibert WitherspoonRobert
Robert Morris and R H Lee At that thattime thattimo thattime
time the Treasury was under the Juris Jurisdiction Juladiction jurisdiction ¬
diction of the Committee on Finance Financeor
or Board of the Treasury and the navy navywas navywas navywas
was under the Board of Admiralty The Thecommittee Thecommittee Thecommittee
committee made a report recommending recommendinga
a device for the navy but there Is norecord no norecord norecord
record of a report having been made madefor mndefor madefor
for the Treasury A seal for the Treas Treasury Treastry Treasury ¬
ury however was adopted impressions impressionsof
of which are found on original papers In Inthe Inthe inthe
the files of the Register of the Treasury TreasurySome TreasurySome TreasurySome
Some minor changes have been made madofrom ma madefrom e efrom
from time to time in this seal but the
an extra fee for the reason that they theylived theyllved theylived
lived out of the city cityWith cityWIth cityWith
With the opening of the streets and andthe andtheJntroducUonof andthe
the theJntroducUonof Introduction of streetcars street cars thepark theparksoon the park parksoon panicsoon
soon lost its ltstormer former characteristics and andbecame an anbecame andbecame
became a a part of the city with all allp allpits of ofits ofits
its advantages and disadvantages Theopening The Theopening Theopening
opening of Rhode Island Avenue spoiledin spoiled spoiledin spol1 d dIn
in a measure the former beauty of the theMcClelland theMcCleUand theMcClelland
McClelland and the Gilman homesteads homesteadsalthough homesteadalthough homesteadsd homesteadsdalthough
although there is still stlJlmuch much more ground groundremaining groundremaining groundremaining
remaining In both of these old tracts tractsthat tractsthat tractsthat
that many people would care to own ownTheopening own ownTheopening ownThe
Theopening The opening of Fifth Street will to some somoextent someextent someextent
extent divide the traffic which now nowfinds no nofinds nowfinds
finds a way through Fourth Street Sixth SixthStreet SixthStreet SixthStreet
Street ends at Spruce Street and further fur further furtherprogress ¬
ther therprogress progress seems barred by the rest residence restdence restdance ¬
dence 601 Spruce Street and andtbere there seems seemsno seemsno seemsno
no Immediate chance of the extension of ofThird ofThird ofThird
Third Street above Its present limit limitwhere 1lmnwhere limitwhere
where progress is barred barr 4 by a highfence high highfence highfence
fence decorated with the advertisement advertisementof a vertisementof
of a prominent firmFormer firm firmFormer firmFormer
Former Familiar Street Names NamesThe NamesThe NamesThe
The old names of the streets of the thapark thepark thepark
park such as Harewood Avenue Maple MapleAvenue MapleAvenue fapleAvenue
Avenue Moores Lane Linden nden Street StreetLarch StreetLarch StreetLarch
Larch Street Juniper Street and Bohrer BohrerStreet BohrerStreet BohrerStreet
Street are nearly nearl forgotten and have havepassed havESpJssei havepassed
passed away aW1 y with withth the fence and its pe period period panod ¬
riod The names of the city streets have havetaken havetaken havetaken
taken their places and with the growth growthof growlhof
of the population the country life and andcountry andcountry andcountry
country scenes have given way to those thoseof thoseor thoseof
of the city
seal now In use Is substantially tho thosame thosame thesame
same as that originally adopted adoptedThe adoptedThe adoptedThe
The legend on the seal Is Thesaur uThesaurAmer ThesaurAmer ThesaurAmer
Amer Septent Sigil which is an abbreviation ab abbreviation abbreviation ¬
breviation of Thesauri Amerlcae Sep Septentrlonalls Septentrlonalls Septentrionalls
tentrlonalls SIglllum The congress of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the Confederation granted a charter toRobert to toRobert toRobert
Robert Morris for the Bank of NorthAmerica North NorthAmerica NorthAmerica
America and the same authority au authorized authorized authorized ¬
thorized the establishing e of a Mint of ofNorth otNorth ofNorth
North America both these terms most mostlikely mostlikely mostlikely
likely originating orlgh ating with Robert Morris Morriswho Morriswho
who subsequently was a member of the thecommittee thscommit thecommit
committee commit e to prepare a seal for the thotreasury thttreasury thetreasury
treasury and the navy It is therefore thereforehighly thereforhighlY thereforehighly
highly probable that Robert Morris fur furnished furnished furnished ¬
nished the legend for the seal of tho thoTreasury thoTreasuri theTreasury
Treasury which would explain the em employment employment employment ¬
ployment of the term North America AmericaThe AmericaThe An erlca erlcaThe
The reason for f r using this term was prob probably pro proably probably ¬
ably owing to thefact t the fact that the fathers fathersof fathersof
of the Republic confidently expected expectedCanada expectedCanada expectedCanada
Canada would ultimately ult 1atelY become a npart npartof part partof partof
of the new soverel sovereignty nty and be included includedin
in the independent ind pendent colonies coloniesIn
In 1774 the popular legislature of EstCanada ofCanada ofCanada
Canada was abolished by act of par parlinment parl1nment parltament
linment and royal officers appointed tomake torlake to tomake
make laws for the province except lawsto laws lawsto lawsto
to raise taxes This gave the British Britishgovernment Britishgoernment Britishgovornment
government a firm hold on Canada Ef Efforts Ettorts Efforts ¬
forts were made In 1775 during the theRevolution theRevolution theRevolution
Revolution to regain possession possesslonot possesslonotCanada o oCanada oc ocCanada
Canada but those efforts failed failedIn taUedlrt failedIrt
In 1849 Edward Stabler of Sandy SandySprings SandySprlngsIontgomery SandySprings
Springs SprlngsIontgomery Montgomery county Md Mdone Mdoneot one oneoC oneof
oC the foremost diesinkers and seal engravers en engravers elh elhgraers
gravers of his time was commissioned commissionedto
to make a facslmlle o of the original originalTreasury orlglnnl orlglnnlTreasury origlnnilTreasury
Treasury seal which was worn from fromconstant fromCCDstant fromccnstant
constant use and failed to make good goodimpressions goodimpressions
impressions Mr Stabler suggested suggestedsome suggestedsomemlnor suggestedsome
some somemlnor minor changes In the way of im improvement m mprcvement ¬
provement butwas but was In Instructed tructcd to copy copythe co copythe y ydesign
the design exactly as It was and nd in innnecordance inaccordance
accordance ccordanccwith with the law Diligent ef efforts efforts ¬
forts have failed to discover dl cov 1 any nnYlni law on onthe ontht onthe
the subject subJe t
y i

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