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TE WASHINGTON TIMES, SUNDAY,-JASDABT 1, 1911.
Closing Arguments of Experts onlans for Retirement of Government Clerks
CLERKS TO DISCUSS
Nothing Short of Extortion,
CHEAPEST FOR ALL
IS CLOSED TODAY
Mass Meeting Called for
January 9 by Civil
Straight Pension Means
Lower Wage Scale, Says
More Pay First Considera
tion, So Why DrJdge Is
sue? Asks Mr. Buck'.
Government and Employe
Would Benefit, Says'
H. D. Brown.
Benefits the Government But
Not the Employe, Says
Problem of Clerks Covered
Thoroughly From All
of Retirement Body.
EMPLOYE MOST PAY
FOR HIS RETIREMENT
Supplementing the movement inau
gurated by, The Times for an Increase
in salaries for the Government em
ployes, the Civil Service Council of the
District of Columbia will hold a public
Mass meeting on the night of January
in the interest of 'the movement.
The meeting will be held in the Public
Library Hall. Eighth and K streets
northwest, and every employe in the
Government service and members of
Congress are invited to attend.
Speeches will be made by several
members of Congress, other Government
officials, and men who have made a
study of the salary situation. The key
note of the addresses will be "increase
the salaries of the civil service em
ployes. Every angle will be discussed
and it is expected the movement will re-
celve a bie hnnst
The Civil Service Council, and, in
rac every employe in the civil service,
are deeply grateful to The Times for
the splendid fight it has started in be
half, of the employes," said W. D. Mac
Kenzie, president or the council, today,
and we urge every clerk to co-operate
and do his utmost in this cause.
Aim At Unity.
"Our aim In holding the mass meet
ing for the benefit of the public, as
well as the employe, is to stir up greater
activity, as The Times should be sup
ported with unstinted zeal by thos-e
nho are to be benefited. We want to
destroy any factionalism and bring
about unity of action on the part of the
employes to supplement the able cam
paign being made by The Times.
"Retirement legislation efforts have
developed a certain factionalism among
the employes, but on the salary increase
proposition there should be no disputes
The Civil Service Council as an or
ganization has taken no part In the re
tirement movement, although the Indi
vidual members have taken sides. But
the council Itself has Indorsed neither
of the two plans before Congress, the
Idea being to keep the body Intact for
concerted action on any plan to Increase
The council was organized last Slay,
and represents every department in tlie
District It officers are:
Presldent-W. D. JIacKenzle. War De
partment First vice president Scott Nesbit,
Coast and Geodetic Sure.
Spcond vice president Miss m A.
Foster, Department of Agriculture.
Secretary O. J Veley, Xavv Depart
ment. Financial secretary K. S. Moore, De
partment of Agriculture
Treasurer E. K DePuy, Treasury
Executive committee Mrs. J I..
Monroe, Interior Depai tment; L. D.
Scisco, Interstate Commerce Commis
sion: T. C Sullivan, Postoffice Depart
ment. Purposes of Council.
The purposes of the Civil Service
Council, as outlined on the membership
"To Increase the efficiency of Govern
"To protect and advance our mutual
"To promote acquaintance, co-operation,
and good fellowship.
"Trf secure concert of action for re
lfasiTficatlon and retirement '
6" Monthly meetings will be held bv the
tcouncll until summer, and it Is likely
.-that many special meetings will be held
within thp next few months in the in
terest of the salarv increase movement.
The officers aie thoroughly aroused to
the need of united effort, and will direct
their endeavors to that end
President MacKenzie is desirous of
having a large attendance at the mass
meeting on January 9. and within the
next week will send out thousands of
announcements. He is anxious that a
large delegation from Congress be on
hand to hear the salary question thor
oughly discussed from every phase of
Definite announcement of the program
and various details of the mass meet
ing will be made in The Times early in
PAYS FOR A FARM in the
A horn 1 every man's NATUnAL,
The Declavatloa of Independence, promul
gated one hundred and thirty-nve years aso.
submitted that all men were born FKEE
Time hav chanced since that historic
period. The congestion of capital Into the
fe&ata 'Of the few has forced untold mil
lion Inlo a wage slavery with an apparent
hopeless outlook for tho future.
The fanner the producer Is the One in
dependent man in the world today. He
jtas a home and a piece of land upon which
be arowa everything necessary for the main
tenance of hlmtelf and family at the
LEAST COST OF PRODUCTION.
The man or woman who owns a home and
a farm however small Is protected against
PANICS, STRIKES and other forms of In
dustrial disturbances that make the lire
of the city toller a more or less precarious
The high cost of living today is undoubted
ly caused by LACK OF PRODUCTION of
the necessaries of life. This country Is
growing at such an enormous rate that Its
farms can not supply the demand for food
stuffs. BE A PRODUCER!
Benjamin Franklin, greatest of all Amer
icans, said- "If you want a sure living
deal In the necessities of life."
J. J. HIU, builder of empires, sars: "This
country needs mora farms and more
farmers more producers of wealth from the
" INFORMATION BLANK
gUVANEE VALLEY FLORIDA LAND
ttt STRAUS BLDG., CHICAGO. ILL. W.T
Please en& tne, postage prepaid, your
free book' on Florida, entitled, "A NEW
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE."
By MICHAEL F. 0'DONOGHUE,
President of the United States Civil
Service Retirement Association.
Quite the best arguments In favor of
a straight pension have been contained
in the ai tides urging the contributory
plan of retirement, as they have been
qualified and modified until in the last
analysis it has been plainly evident
that the scheme means real hardship
on the great army of employes.
The very theory of the contributory
plan virtually contemplates confiscatory
methods of extorting large portions
from the low salaries of the employes,
an Injustice so brazen In conception
that a private corporation would be lia
ble to criminal prosecution should it
i even attempt such highhanded flnanc-
Better Invest Elsewhere.
It has been ably pointed out that an
employe can use the same money the
Government would extort under the
Glllett bill and Invest it in numerous
more profitable ways to protect himself
and family, and that an insurance poli
cy would afford protection to the family
at death, whereas the contributory plan
would afford only the money paid Into
Thousands of clerks would prefer ab
solutely nothing to the Giilett bill, while
300,000 aie appealing to Congress to
gram a suaignt pension.
Efficiency in the service would be
promoted to the highest standard If an
employe were assured that after he had
given his whole working life to the
Government he would be protected.
Thousands of employes would not re
sign every year, as is the case now.
Should the Glllett bill be passed,
thousands would flee from the oppres
sion. It would not necessarily be re
sentment. They would be forced to do
so, as they could not live on less salary
than they are now getting.
Summing up the arguments urging a
straight pension, I would ask that the
employes bear in mind these important
More than 500,000 employes favor the
It lias been satisfactory in England
and Germany for years and years.
Twenty-two railroads have found
straight pensions the only successful
Scores of private corporations give
outright pensions with help fiom their
One-third of the municipalities in the
United States provide straight pensions
for firemen, policemen and school teach
A straight pension is just and equita
ble while the confiscatory contributory
plan is unjust and unequitable.
Curtis Bill Choice
Among Many Clerks
To the Editor of Tho Washington Tiroes: x
I have talked with hundreds of Gov
ernment clerks and have not found one
who wants an assessment "retiring"
plan. All feel that the Curtis bill is
the most Just, humane, and saving to
the Government. It would not create a
bureau or appoint clerks at large ex
pense to look after assessments and in
vest the same.
Most clerks, with salaries paid, cannot
afford even the comforts of life, and If
any are able to stand assessments if
they are clerks with ability to do good
work for the Government they are quite
as able to Invest their earnings to better
advantage for themselves than to have
the money taken away and some one
else paid to see to It for them.
Many clerks would write, but feel it Is
useless, as the disposition seems to be
to get "bricks without straw." They
feel bitter because of their money spent
in railroad fare and time given to help
those who deny them iustlce.
A GOVERNMENT CLERK.
Tlie answer to the cry for more inde
pendence of thought, action and endeavor,
arising from thq overcrowded cities is,
"BACK TO THE BOIL!" The city toller'
the worklngman the merchant the profes
sional man all whose environment retards
them in their development, must look to the
soil for their emancipation from the shackles
that chain them to the wheel of concen
There are three essentials to be consid
ered In the purchase of land namely:
SOIL. CLIMATE and TRANSPORTATION.
When the Teutonic and other races came
to America, they profited by the experience
of their forefathers an experience as old
as civilization Itself and chose their home
steads In the RIVER VALLEYS.
River valleys have been the seats of all
great civilizations since history began.
Tho valley of the Nile is the most fertile in
the world; the Germanic races have fol
lowed the valleys of the Rhine, the Dan
ube, and the Elbe: the French settled alon
the Rhone and the Seine, and In our own
country the most SUCCESSFUL PRODUC
ERS FROM THE SOIL are found in the
valleys of the Mississippi, the Ohio, and
the Missouri Rivers.
Years ago the pioneers of this country
settled in the rich and fertila valleys of
the Middle West endured untold hardships
living many miles from railroads and under
tlie most adverse conditions. Today these
magnlllcent valleys' are VERITABLE EM
PIRES teeming with prosperity and these
pioneer farmers are rich beyond the dreams
of their forefathers.
FLORIDA GALLS YOU I
Now It is tho SOUTH that beckons to the
fanner and truck grower. Here is a sec
tion teeming with wealth, almost untouched
through force of circumstances. Of all the
States of the South, Florida Is the one of
GREATEST PROMISE. Its climate, its
soil. Its transportation facilities offer the
greatest field of endeavor for the agrieul-
By DR. LLEWELLYN JORDAN
Secretary of the United States Civil
Service Retirement Association.
If the statements contained In my ar
ticle based upon my study of civil ser
vice retirement plans of various govern
ments, and particularly the experience
of England, are worthy of serious con
sideration, they teach us several things.
1. The employe under any system of
governmentally administrated pensions
must pay for his own retirement.
2. If he pays for this retirement privi
lege through the medium of a straight
civil pension he does it at the! cost of
a lowered wage scale.
3. The experience of England shows
that ""der Its original straight civil pen-
slon scheme one person only In seven
actually benefits thereby.
Unless salaries are raised and so ad
justed as to pay the empolye his full
market wage at all times. In the event
that Congress should pass a bill of the
so-called Goulden type, the inevitable re
sult would be that such a law would
benefit those persons only who were for
tunate In reaching the age of retirement.
Would Cause Discontent.
A straight civil pension system would
unquestionably lead to great discontent
as soon as the employes fully realized
that they were not in theory but in fact
actually paying for their own pensions
through the medium of a lower wage
This discontent was soon manifested
on the part of the English civil servants,
though it was thought at the time of the
passage of the straight civil pension
law of 1K9 that the employes would be
entirely satisfied with Its provisions.
My attention has been directed to an
editorial in the Postal Record, the of
ficial organ of the National Association
of Citv Letter Carriers, which says:
"The advocates of the compulsory sav
ings plan have confused the minds of
not only the civil service employes, but
many men In public life, by leaving the
inference that England has abandoned
the straight pension which had been in
operation for fifty vears, and hag
adopted a plan of taking from the sal
aries of the employes the amount neces
sary for purchasing annuities for the re
tirement of the emplojes."
Facts Can Be Obtained.
The actual facts in the cae can be
readily obtained bv the editor of the
Postal Record If he will study Senate
document 290. If he does study this
document and the references made to
various laws therein he will reach tho
came conclusion that Herbert D. Drown
has reached, namelv, that the act of
September ;0. 19(0. modifying the straight
civil pension law of England recognized
the contention of the employes that
they were paying for their own pensions,
and by the amendment to the law of
1&3 it was changed from a straight civil
pension system and became In effect a
contributory one by making provision for
a partial return, at least, of the with
held or deferred pay which was consid
ered as a part of the pension and was
taken Into account in fixing salaries.
The editor in his article shows that
civil pensions are costing the English
government more than Ji5,000,000 annually
with a civil sen Ice Just one-half of our
Y. W. C. A. to Receive.
The first reception to bo held by the
Young Women's Christian Association
in Its vacation lodge, at Cherrydale,
Va., will take place tomorrow after
noon from - to S o'clock. MIfh Ludema
Sayre, extension secretary, and Miss
Delia Grover will be in charge, and
Miss Marian Cox will preside at the
refreshment table. Miss Frances
Chickering will speak on "Our Past,"
Miss Ella Mellon on "Our Present,"
and Miss Ludema Sayre on "Our Future."
turist. Here in this favored state with
over 300 days of sunshine during the year
THREE CROPS are raised from the same
soil. Here Is a part of our great country
hitherto neglected, that offers the most
wonderful opportunities for the man of lim
ited means and Inexperience In agricultural
Florida is over 1.000 miles nearer the
great markets of the East than is Cali
fornia, and over 1,000 miles nearer the mar
kets of the Middle West. On FIVE and
TEN acres of land men are getting rich
The Suwanee Valley Florida Land Com
pany is now nlaclnr on the market its
third allotment of four hundred 6-1020 and
40-acre farms in the beautiful valley of the
Suwanee River at the wonderful price of
5 per acre $1.00 per acre down and 60
cents an acre per month. Hero Is land es
pecially adapted for the growing of all
kinds of vegetables and garden truck.
These products come on the market when
the snow is on the ground In the North and
therefore realize the HIGHEST POSSIBLE
Here In the Suwanee Valley, twelve miles
from the Gulf Coast, is a climate unex
celled in the entire State; good water and
fertile soil. Through passenger and freight
trains arrive and depart every day, giving
QUICK and CHEAP TRANSPORTATION
to Jacksonville, the market place of Florida
and the outlet to the markets of the world.
This Company has prepared a limited
edition of a very line book entitled "A NEW
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE."
which will tell you) all about Florida In
general give you information regarding tho
products grown in this wonderful State,
tell you how thesei products are grown
and marketed, and-1 contains a wealth of
information that every man or woman
should have at hand before deciding where
to INVEST IN LAND.
Under the plan of the Suwanee Valley
By JOSEPH W. BUCK,
Editor of the Washington Investigator.
Down in his heart every single em
ploye in the District would far rather
havo his salary increased than be
granted some sort of a pension, If it
were a choice of either.
That is what the employe believes,
and justice dictates the same choice, so
there should be no hesitancy in action
toward that end. It is common sense
to believe that in this instance "a bird
in the hand is worth two in the bush"
and there may not be a couple in the
Arguments presented by the respective
sides have been filled with logic, and
have clearly brought out the necessity
or 6ome scneme tor tne retirement of
the superannuated employes, but the
urgency of a salary Increase all along
the line has not been less emphasized
In all the articles. Between the lines
could be read what was not stated,
"If we could only get an increase In
salary, any plan of retirement would be
Cart Before Horse.
Then why dodgo the Issue and be
fuddle the minds of the members of
Congress with a mass of contradictory
arguments that should be of secondary
consideration? The cart is being put
before the horse, as It were, with tho
possibility of menacing and endanger
ing the chances of obtaining satisfac
tory action on the agitation for raises
What would it profit an employe if
he were granted the uncertain chance
of getting a pension without cost, but
at the same time be left with tho pres
ent salary? It would cost him Just as
much to live as ever, and he would not
have any more money. When he would
ask Congress for more he would be told
that the pension Is reallv an increase in
salary, and that would be about all
L'ncle Sam could stand for a few years.
Suppose the contributory plan were to
be Imposed upon the employe without
an increase In salary Where would he
be? Minus the deductions from Ills pav
envelope, he would be In hard straits--worse
than ever. Why. then, take
chances of such a condition arising
when there is only evil in sight?
Increase, the Solution.
Raise the salaries, and It will pave
the way to retirement legislation, and
solve the problem of superannuation.
Sentiment of the clerks, as expressed
by the letters In The Times, seems to
favor an Increase in salary In preference
to anything else. Employes have their
Ideas on the retirement propositions and
have told them, but to my mind each
and every une would welcome more
money rather tljnn the prospects of ft
Not a line has been printed against a
proposition to increase the salaries first,
and I am glad to note that many of the
departmental officers are of the opinion
that the salary question should precede
all others Just now
All of us recognize that the superan
nuation problem is a big one, and full
of vital interest to the employe and the
Government, and not for a moment do
I Intend to give the impression that
Immediate provision should not be made
for their aid. I would rather try to
Impress the fact that it should be ap
proached in tho right direction increase
Arion Society to Observe.
In accordance with custom, a New
Year celebration will be hefd tonight at
the cluhrooms of the Arion Singing So
ciety, at 1006 E street northwest. Re
freshments will be served. Open house
will be held at the Columbia Tucnvereln
from 3 until 6 o'clock.
YOU HOW J
Florida Land Company you can buy a farm
in this favored section at the rate of SV4
cents a day. Think of ltl For just a few
cents dally you can become tho owner of
a farm that will produce, when properly
cultivated, thousands of dollars per year
revenue. Not only this; you can live In
peee and happiness in the FINEST CLI
MATE IN THE WORLD, with plenty of
fishing and hunting thrown In.
Hundreds of earnest men and women have
already purchased farms in the Suwanee
Valley. A number of them are right down
there on their land now preparing to culti
vate their farms. Scores of others contem
plate going In the near future.
Tbo time for YOU to get In on the great
Florida movement Is NOW. We want to
send you this beautiful book. "A NEW
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE."
today. This if one of the handsomest books
ever printed on Florida. It is magnificently
Illustrated with nearly a half hundred half
tone Illustrations from actual photographs
taken on the land. All you have to do to
get this magnificent book Is to fill out the
information blank below and mall it to US
TODAY, and you will receive this book and
all Information regarding Florida and the
Suwanee Valley. It costs you nothing IT
IS ABSOLUTELY FREE. You don't need
to write a letter. Just fill out the informa
tion blank and mall it at once.
FLORIDA LAND CO.
434 Straus BIdg., Chicago
0W Jnl I A I nlnlBntf V nH
By HERBERT D. BROWN,
Author of the Giilett BiU.
It would be impossible to refute in
such short spaco the sweeping state
ments of straight pension advocates,
but suffice it to say they are not
founded on history or fact, and all
reference to England's pension plan
has displayed an ignorance of facts or
an intention to misrepresent.
The straight pension plan cost Eng
land J16.000.000 annually and the civil
service list Is only half as large as
that of the United States. It can be
calculated then that tho plan would
cost Uncle Sam more than 130,000,000
and would increase with tho growth
of the civil service system.
A contributory plan of retirement
would practically cost the Govern
ment about 11,000,000 for fifty years
and then absolutely nothJnir nirt
from the expense of administering
tlie retirement fund.
Difference In Cost.
It Is evident, then, that in fifty years
the contributory plan would cost
$50,000,000, whereas a straight pension
would cost during the" same period
11,600,000,000. A billion and a half dol
lars Is a large sum when compared to
Superannuation 1 now costing the
Government $1,200,000 a year, and the
urgency of some kind of retirement
legislation is emphasized. The contribu
tory plan would eliminate this loss,
whereas a straight pension would in
crease it thirty fold.
It also must be remembered that the
contributory plan protects the employe
and his family under all conditions, and
it is not necessary that he should livt
to the age of retirement to get the bene
fit of his savings. No matter how he
becomes separated from the service
death, dismissal, or resignation the em
ploye gets back all he has paid into the
retirement fund and Interest in addition.
Only One Chance.
Under a straight pension system,
which would mean that much of his
salary would be held back, the only
chance an employe has of benefiting
by the plan is to live until the age of
retirement. Only ' a small per cent of
the employes lives to reach the age of
Straight pension means that an em
ploye will not be paid the salary he is
stVi o a 4 Vi a nantlnn o I urn ' 1a riuiAn.
nlzed as part salary. This was true In J
Lngland and caused the great discon
tent among tlie employes.
The contributory plan embodies all
the best principles, and Is lacking 6f
the evils of the retirement systems of
other countries. It is nearer, just and
equitable than any other scheme, and
will do the greatest good for the great
Worshipful Masters Dine.
The arrival of the New Year was
celebrated by the "Worshipful Masters'
Association of the District of Columbia,
a Masonic organization, by a banquet
at the New Ebbitt House last night.
About 150 members of the association
were in attendance. I
The 1911 catalogue prices of Overland
automobiles were determined on Sep
tember 1, 1910, based solely and wholly
upon their actual intrinsic value, and
these prices are guaranteed to remain
unchanged until July 31, 1911, by which
time all of this season's models will have
We have no branch houses, no cars
stored in warehouses, every Overland de
livered being shipped within three days
after its completion in the largest inde
pendent automobile factory in the world.
Overland spells not only satisfaction to
dealer and owner, but a safe investment
THE WILLYS-OVERLAND COMPANY
TOLEDO, OHIO , -
By MISS ETHEL M. SMITH,
Bureau of Fisheries.
If the fact has failed of recognition be
fore, the recent arguments in favor of
the Glllett bill have clearly revealed
that this measure was conceived and
executed from & standpoint wholly dif
ferent from the interests of the 'people
most affected by It that is, tlie em
ployes. It is the work of minds that had no
need to consider its application to them
selves, its whole object is to solve a
problem for the Government without
expense to the Government. The em
ploye and his unquestionable claims to
Justice and personal liberty are things,
quite secondary and merely to be over
ridden if they prove to be obstacles.
If further proof of this be necessary,
it should be borne In mind, as already
pointed out, that the authors and sup
porters of the Giilett bill, while ad
mitting the necessity for Increase of
salaries if hardship to the employes is
to .be avoided, have, nevertheless, so
far urged tlie passage of their measure
to precede the passage of any measure
for Increase of salaries.
There Is. of course, the Giilett re
classification bill, which is on the pro-.
gram with the retirement bill. But tnis
reclassification bill is another delusion.
It is secondary to the retirement Mil In
any case; but the two bills would re
sult only In some promotions and in
crease only In some salaries the higher
ones. The great number of J900 and
$1,000 clerks would not be reached In the
benefits, and their salaries would be
diminished instead, because of the de
ductions under the retirement bill.
But they tell us to urge the Glllett bill,
lest Congress give us nothing. That
argument misses the point. Perhaps we
would xather have nothing than a thing
as bad as this. Why should we want a
law so utterly ruthless to our private
and personal needs, so humiliating to
our self-respect and independence?
Paternalism is too mild a word for
the sort of thing this bill proposes. It
is czarism and oppression.
Poodle Duck Club
Welcomes New Year
Well into the hours of early morning
lml.iv continued the annual New Year
dinner of the Poodle Duck Club, whose
sole object Is the assembling once a
year of about thirty "drakes" among
Washington s business ana professional
men to welcome in the New Year.
Chief Drake Charles E- Berry was
host, giving the dinner at Eckstein's,
and Drake W. C. Dong was toastmas
ter. Among those who spoke or con
tributed to the entertainment were
Drakes George O'Connor. E. J. Walsh.
Carter Keene, T. C. Noyes, Louis
Dent, and H. L. West. J. O. Harvey
was elected chief drake for the next
Eagles Make Merry.
More than 500 persons attended the
annual ball of the Fraternal Order of
Eagles, at Sixth and E streets north
west. Mast evening. A banquet fol
lowed the ball.
(Continued from First Page.)
see some Jaw passed that would rfv i i
relief in old age.
Our work here In the naval gun fac- i
tory requires the highest skill and ac-
curacy attainable. It takes years of
training and study, and some special
talent Is required to be able to do the
accurate and Important work connect
ed with tho manufacture of the navy's
We are subjected t a rigid discipline
In connection with this work, tne roos;
.agonizing feature of which Is th
thought, always uppermost In ou
minds, that if we make th suzhtei
mistake In the operation of a machin
it eltner spoils an expensive piece
work or puts a mark In the work th;
is not on tne drawing.
When such things occur we are ell
discharged or have our pay reduced.
the man making the mistake Is d
liked by the officials, he gets theworsj
tney can give mm; but if the official
like the man It is different, the matt
Is smoothed over and they try to tor,
Don't Wear a Truss
snurri pus ti r ads
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fcrtsr-, moll wilt ISrlnr Trt trtftl Flapta.
(Tspks Stock if
SAKS FUR CO.
Wi! ke mM at PUB-
uc Mrcnon, Wgk-
Bg TUESDAY, JAMJ
AR! 1 for ,
C G, Sloan & Co.
1407 G St N. W. I
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