. -J J-
She Ifehftiflton BUme
roMihtd Evwjt. Joining In th Tear at
was, av.. bttwean Ulh and iUtTstCvt,.
TtUphoo Main MM.
jlj fork Office ,,.i a Fifth At.
CMcst i Offlot.,,.1710 cJinmroll Bank Bldv.
gtton .Offlct......... ,,,.,,, Journal Dulldlnr
ih Jlfalphla.OMe 11 Chestnut St.
Mltlmr Otnce,.,.... tit putldlng
FlUJjflC A. HUHSBT,
V. A. WALKER.
UBficiUPTioN -nxTEd nr haiu
9m.h ... . Ino- moa. I root. lyr.
' Pa r aha Bundy..to. W.M tl.n flM
pailjr only,.,, at .75 i.jo 1.00
uoda7 only .... ,ai .10
...If. BSJ?bt.. or compute and parftct copUi
ft The WahlntoD Tlmea prlmtd dally dur-
TT. .Vr.M ,T""""r """ " """"l
9fl.i Rt mi
It 61, JM
Jotel (or tha month
)y averts for tha month H.tfl
fcSHfiA?- elwu-atlon of Tha Wartlngton
2J2.,Vl,!ir) .d"'lns tho month of Octobar
.4.u. !! rnnijia irt fur an MliiniM
,j - --- - w... ....
aTji J,0S5iot complete and perfect eoples
g-g ..WaahlnstorTlmta printed Sunday
"V" "wnth of October wif aa iollowe;
1 .ii a .6M
.,.,.,..,, 47 uo I
iday araraca for tha month...
2SlBAk.i2.t1vC,rol,.It,on of Th Waihlniton
55,Wte,aif """ the month of October
? -iSIlf3- m1.1 eop!r" '" ovr ,n,1 returned
'2h.".r,JIi,bJl,iB eliminated. Thla number.
XS5S-ri!.,!ld b3,J, ln "umber of.Sundaye
52i'f.9S:t.0,iir' how, tha n Sunday aver-
for October to havo been 19.1U.
"Entered at ; the Poetofflca at Waehlnston,
P- c- aecond clear, matter.
" ' ) .
TMURSDAT. NfiVKMBER 30. 1911.
Even the poorest can be thankful to
ay tor one of the most Ideal days that
ver bent above a Thanksgiving.
It is eminently fitting that the sale of
. "Turkey Thicket" to the Catholic Um
melty be consummated Just at Thanks
Nowadays Captain Oyster voices his
, school suggestions to the Commlasloncrs
s 'gentle requests," 'in order to avoid
Being called a trouble-maker.
Dr. Wiley never gets up without giv
ing oft an epigram. His latest Is to the
affect that tho country needs fewer
t pianos and more cook stoves.
2 President Taft showed himself heartily
favor of legislation In the Interest of
the District. The next time a 'letter
? cornea hero addressed to the mayor let's
turn It over to him.
f After Issuing forty-six marriage li
censes yesterday, the genial functionary
' ?h Prosldes ver that department ought
to be thankful for the recreation and
the repast which the holiday affords.
It is generally conceded that the Fed-
Bimuon or citizens' Associations "slip
ped one over" on the Board of Trade
and Chamber of Commerce by getting
,to the President first with District mat
ters. Three thousand chickens, six barrels
of cranberries, forty bushels of potatoes,
nd 800 minco pies wore some of the
Ingredients of Unclb Sam's big dinner
at the Government Hospital for the In
Washington ought to feel grateful to
the Public Service Commission ot New
York for Its Thnk8glving universal
transfer order and for the clear state
ment of rea tona for making it. The ex
ample is a fine one to set Just at this
The charges made at the meeting of
the Southeast Washington Citizens' As
sociation ought not to go unnoticed.
If It be true that there is real discrim
ination between persons by officials at
the District building, it should bo
, Now that Postmaster General Hitch
cock has ruled that letters to Santa
Claus may be delivered, It seems that
the least tho writers can do would bo to
put sufficient postage on them. 'Santa
, will need all his substance for some-
thing besides postage.
The Washington Postal Savings bank
has closed tho second month of Its ex
istence with S19 accounts, aggregating
W3.55D, which Is very satisfactory and
entirely Justifies the existence of this
Worthy Institution In which the most
timid feel entire confidence,
SfeNTIMENTS WHICH UNDER.
There is little of "the stern and
rock.bound coast" in tho New England
from whjcli the Pilgrim Fathers of
fered up their first Thanksgiving, with
eyes on tho simple fare of the pioneer
and ears expectant of tho warwhoop
of the savage. Tho wilderness upon
whoso selvage they built their humble
cabins has become tho choice feeding
ground of tho symbolical Thanksgiv
ing bird. The Standishcs and the AN
dens and the Priscillas of today have
gathered in festive goodfellowship,
with no fears which pepsin could not
dissipate and with scarcely a thought,
perhaps, of tho primitive conditions
amidst which the day we celebrate
had its beginning.
And as it is in the land of the Puri
tans, so it is in tho country of the
i Cavaliers. So, Indeed, It is through
out the wider expanse of country to
ward the West over which the tide of
progress and civilization has passed
Until It breaks "where rolls the Ore
gon'' and the sunny Californians sit
down to dinner.
It would not bo entirely frank to
pretend that the annual day of Thanks,
giving is primarily a religious obnorv
ance or that it is celebrated as a
conscious commemoration of the, safety
which the passengers who had arrived
on the Mayflower enjoyed during their
first year in their new home. Perhaps,
m?t J-"na. mil number, when l
22?" v tha number of daya of publloa-SS.-,T..W"
Jh'nt dally average for Octo
er to hay bean ts,u.
It is no mors than the simple troth
to confess that its direct appeal is!
And 'yet it is certain Hhat In the
heart of us all there .lies' aj seijse of
real ,thankBgivirig,for,l he; benefits
which "have come to ui "during the year
Which draws to a close, and tho feast
is blossed with a sincere grace before
tncat whloh is ndt perfunctory or as
sumed. In aobbr truth there) is much
for which we may well be grateful.
Amidst all the imperfections of our
institutions, and the abuses which at
times excite our impatience, there can
bo no doubt of the royal bounty which
the pcoplo of these United States have
enjoyed and at this season of retro
spection we become duly conscious that
there Is much for which wo should be
And better still, pausing to take an
Inventory of the benefactions which
havo been heaped upon 'us, we come to
realize more deeply the claims of those
with whom tho world has not dealt so
kindly. Benevolent organizations and
charitably 'disposed individuals have
exerted themselves to make the need
ier fraction of humanity participants
in the good cheer which prevails to
day. , So it comes about that In many
a home there is mirth and plenty
where as a rule the lighter side of life
is all too often unknown. Best of all
it is that a residuum of this kindly
Impulse .this remembrance of those
who have a claim on our common hu
manitydoe's not pass away when the
day is done, but the great mantle of
charity becomes Warmer and. broader.
The Times extends its most cordial
greetings to all, its friends whose con
fidence and support are in themselves
abundant causo for thanksgiving and
wishes them all the happiness and
abundance which the venerable me
morial day appropriately claims for Us
THE PRESIDENT AND DIS
President Taft, ' 'receiving a repre
sentation of the Federation of Citizens'
Associations, talked about District of
Columbia affairs and intimated disposi
tion to send a special messago to Con
gress, urging attention to the needs of
the Capital City.
The experience of the last two ses
sions' is profoundly alarming to people
who have concern that 'Washington
may keep pace with its own growth.
Washington has been almost studious
ly ignored by Its legislative authority.
jThcre is no city in America which in
a similar period has been so cut oil
from possibility of getting legislative
attention. It is a condition that can
not continue without at length finding
reflection in a demoralized condition of
These are times, in the development
of public policies, any city is entitled
to have SOMEBODY thinking, and
thinking mighty seriously, about its
Look at the municipal ferments that
have been taking place in Cincinnati,
in Cleveland, in San Francisco, in New
York, in almost any city you may
name, in recent years. . What have
these things accomplished? '
We all know, when we Btop to think,
that they havo wrought vast benefits.
Chicago has emerged from its dark
ages of corrupt management, and to
day exhibits a contract of partnership
with its groat transit, system which
makes tho city tho majority partner.
Cleveland lias definitely committed
itself to a program of municipal en
lightenment that has contributed vast
ly to making it one of the most pros-
porous and fast-growing towns in tho
New York yes, New York, Tam
many and all has more public owner
ship of publio facilities than any Amer
ican city, and is today working out
successfully its teYriflc problem of im
proved transport facilities.
San Francisco has set itself well in
tho way of reform and progress; Los
Angeles, Seattle, Cincinnati it would
be useless to try cataloguing them
havo awakened to an understanding
of the "city for the people' idea.
It is going on everywhere, here and
abroad. But what of Washington,
which can neither act nor think for
itself, and which cannot induce action
by the only legislative authority that
Mubl Washington continue to bo ig
nored while the procession of municipal
progress marches by, and leaves at last
the National Capital as our most strik
ing exhibit of archaic ideas and out
worn methods in city government?
For many years the demand has gone
up for a publio service commission for
this city. Bills have been introduced;
some of the most expert specialists
have worked on them.
But no bill passes. None has como
seriously near to passing.
Yet that method of administering
the public utilities of a city has, in tho
interim since the movement was start
ed here by The Times, been widely
adopted as the enlightened, practical,
effective plan of control. ... .
And universal transfers? That fight
has been begun, made, won, and proved
its justification, in scores .of towns,
during tho period in which Washing
ton has been begging for a crust and
getting a stone.
Is Washington never to get step
with the pace of progress?
Look ahead- Great, absorbing polit
ical affairs of national moment are
maienaiana that tne atuiTedL turkey,
cobkod to f tiirn and appropriately
.garnished, holds first' place ta thV bob
. i" i
' THE WASHINGTON TIMES, THURSDAY,
- '-i-i IJ'V i -' ' "' ' '" n n fmnmii
1 commanding the attention of Congress
la tha next few years. Tremendous
llRues loom and insist on attention.
Washington's city business must of
necessity seem minor in significance
and appeal. It is absolutely necessary
to recall attention to Washington's
needs and to the derelictions of Con
If the President can accomplish that
much, by a determined appeal, it would
be a service which the Capital would
A few more years of legislative neg
lect and administrative ossification
will 'make Washington's government a
fair candidate for exhibition among tho
mummified curiosities of ancient and
forgotten governmental methods.
JUDGE GARY'S CORPORATION
Judge Elbert H. Gary -always man
age's to make himself clear and un
derstandable, no matter with how com
plicated subjocts of business organi
zation he is-dealing. That is why his
discussion of the trust question before
the Senate committee on Wednesday
is of especial value. He has formu
lated his scheme of Federal regulation,
heretofore outlined, into a definite
series of proposals. He told the com
mlttee squarely that he did not favor
repeal or amendment of the Sherman
act; which ought to be a distinct re
assurance to nervous people fearful
that the big interests are trying to
freo themselves from all control. He
does favor supplementing that act with
Administrative proposals that will take
the control of business out of the
hands of the courts and make impos
sible such fiascos as the recent disso
lution of the Tobacco trust.
Judge Gary proposes full publicity,
honest capitalization, and the same
prices to all customers. To assure that
it be conducted in' accordance with
Federal law, he would have Federal
authority hold the power of life or
death over the great corporation. It
would bo required to take out a Fed
eral licenso for interstate business.
That license should specify general
business conditions, and as to those
matters in which discretion must be
exercised ho would havo an interstate
trade commission, similar to tho Inter
state Commerce Commission.
The parallel with the railroad regu
lation law becomes, at tills point, per
fectly clear; and Mk Is the enre of
the whole matter. Take an illustration.
Congress, in re-enacting last year the
long-and-short-Jiaul clause, provided
that, with tho specific consent of the
Interstate Commission, exceptions
might bo made to the rule against a
higher charge for the shorter) haul.
That is to say, the law rule generally
prohibits the discrimination inrfavor
of the long haul. But, when exceptional
conditions aB water or other competi
tion arc urged, the commission, on pre
sentation of the facts, may if it sees
fit grant exceptions. That is just what
it recently did in tho intermountain
rato cases: it prescribed a detailed
basis and relationship of rates, in ac
cordance with which a higher charge
might be made for the shorter haul.
That is precisely what Judge Gary
wants in the realm of industry. Tho
anti-trust act would continue tho gen
eral law of the land, just as the long
and-short-haul clause is now. But tho
trade commission would have power to
authorize exceptions; to sanction
agreements; to exercise discretion; to
administer the rule of reason.
Just as the orders of the Interstate
Commerce Commission are reviewable
by the Commerce Court, Judgo Gary
would have the orders of tho trade
commission reviewable by a proper
The parallel seems well-nigh perfect;
and In favor of the Gary plan there
stands the fact that tho railroad regu
lation plpn is thoroughly established
in experience and in the confidence of
What's on the Program in
Fair under auspices of King David
Lodge, No. 28, F. A. A. M., Masonic
Half, Brooktand, tonight.
Officers of the Southern Relief Society
to receive donations at Confederate
Veterans' Home, 1322 Vermont avenue
theatrical entertainment by
the young women of the Eighth Street
Temple, at the Elks' Home, 8 p. m.
Ball by the Colonial Dancing .Club, the
Arcade, 7:30 p. m.
Anniversary services ot the Ivy City
Citizens' Association, Trinity BaptUt
Church, 2 p. m.
Annual banquet ot tho Scottish St:
Andrew's Society, 8 p. m.
Meeting of Harmony Lodge, No. 21. K,
of P., tonight.
Meeting of Columbia Lodge, No. 10, and
Sale-n Lodge, No. 22, I. O. O. F to
night. The following I. O. R. M. organisations
will meet tonight! Logan Tribe, No. 8
Red Men's Hall, Wisconsin avenue
and N street northwest; Seneca Tribe,
No. 11316 Pennsylvania avenuo south
east; Mlneola Tribe, No. 14 Masonic
Hall, Anacostla; Idaho Council, No. 1
Degree of Pocahontas, Twelfth and
H streots northeast.
National Ethpl Barr.vmore In "The Wit
ness for the Defense," 2:16 and 8-15
Bolusco Grace LaRue ln "Betsy," 2-15
and 8:15, p. m.
Columbia Elsie Ferguson In "The First
Lady of the Land."' 2;15 and 8:1B p. nV
Academy "Our New Minister." 2-15
and 8:16 p. m.
Chase's Florentine Grand Opera Com
pany and other polite vaudeville. 2-15
and :15 p, m.
Casino Vaudeville, 1 to 5 and G to 10-30
Cosmos Continuous vaudeville.
Imperial Vaudeville, 2:15 and 8115 t. m
aayety-"The Taxi Girls," 2:ia and 815
Lyceum "The Imperials," 2:15 and 8:15
Majestlo Dante's Inferno, aiternoon and
Arcade "Mutt and Jeff" and other attractions.
Julia Murdoch Says "Betsy" Limps Along in Bore -
' And That Mijs Grace LaRue Saves Her From
Star, Does Everything Pos
sible, to Redeem Poor
PIECE IS, WITHOUT
CHOlRUS AND DANCES
. Is Sufficient to
"Betsy" Is the name of the comedy
operetta In which Grace LaRue Is star
ring this week' In the Belasco Theater.
It la a musical melange, with slxteon
solo numbers. In six of which Betsy
Those who remember Miss LaRue as
one of the twinkling stars in "The Fol
lies of 1907" or was It 1908-cannot help,
somehow, of comparing her work In this
new vehicle of hers to the very ade
quate and delightful part she played in
these former productions in which she
shone. While ahe also shines to some
extent In thla new piece, tt is a some
thing of a struggle for, theraya to reach'
across the footlights and grin the audU
ence. Miss. LaRue does what she can
to redeem the i spineless affair from total
collapse. . but the whole action of
iB,et,y I ,Jmp S,onf ,n ft sore-toed fash
ion, and there la little to redeem.
Washington audiences have not quite
been educated' up to opera without
h.?rY. ?r da"C'. unless some other
yf.?5nt.by the adjuncts to a successful
musical production. In "Betsy" there
ST?. & th,';ten characters-can It be
rfJh,i?lnMier-number nM something
&..S2 with the lukewarm manner In
which the play-has, thus far, been re
b2edInit.," l,01"" Ln "mble num
r2!S.'i..anlJl lne daan ft"d cdlor and
SSSSPSuP? "ua"y accompanies an
opera said to be comic.
Credit must be given Miss IaRuo,
however, for her herolo efforts to re
?.? th. Piece from an absolute deso
lation. In her solo numbers. "The
K a?.y W' ana "My imprest
S ' A11?" R"6 8,n n excellent
voice, and ln an agreeable manner. One
lit wLdatlccs nro Introduced In the flrjst
act, and elsewhere In the play.
For a Musical Comedy.
Of plot there Is sufficient to carry
a musical comedy. "Betsy," Just emerg
ing from her widowhood, having Inherit
ed her husband's millions, la about to
buy an Impecunious Englishman, pos
sessor of a coronet. Just before the
' ,. Readers ot The Times are invited to use this department aB their own to write 'freely and frankly with the assurance that no letter not
objectionable in language will be denied publication. Letters must not, h-ewerer, exceed 2W words In lengtk, and must be. written only qn one
side'Of the paper. Letters must bear the names and addresses ot the writers, as evidence of good faith, but the names will not be made public with
out the consent of the contributors. ' Address MAIL BAG EDITOB OF THE TIMES.
ST. ELIZABETH INMATE
ASKS CHRISTIAN VISIT
To tha Editor of THE TIMES:
I would be pleased If any Christian
lady would come to see me here and let
me speak to her about my little trou
ble. I want spiritual and friendly as
sistance. I am fifty years old and am
anxious to go from here. No charge is
held against me, but I have no relation
to claim me in Washington, D. C. I
want a human friend. I have money,
$357. to start on. E. WHEELER.
8t. Elizabeth's Hospital.
WANTED THE RELIGIOUS
To th Editor of THE TIMES:
After hailng read several letters ln
your Mn'.l Bag concerning religion, I
have come to the conclusion that we
have sonie Ignorant men and women In
out- beautiful city and anion? oar in
Religion Is too f-acred a thing to be
ai gv.eu about, as we are till fighting for
the samo heaven. So I say to the peo
ple who have argued, both Catholic and
Protestant, both men and women, And
something In your household and busi
ness dutUs to argue ubout, nnd not so
great arid so sacred a subject.
J. t. W.
COMMENDS TIMES' VIEW
ON IRISH PLAYERS
To tho Editor of THE TIMES:
In your paper a few weeks ago, I read
a letter contributed to the Mall Bag
by a lady signed "Margaret Hunter,"
attempting to criticise the Aloyslus
Truth Society for mistaking lack ot
humor for misrepresentation with re
gard to the Irish Players, that visited
one" of ouc local theaters at that time.
I would Ilka Miss Hunter to rpad tho
article published In one of the papers
of November 28, that she may see that
this characteristic of the Irish, namely
lack of humor. In regard to these plays
exists more from that high and holy
motive, conscientious conviction, than
from a mere sense of humor.
I would also like to commend The
Times on the stand it took during the
visit of the 1 so-called Irish Players to
this city. Jt was about the only paper
strong enough to come forward and de
nounce' the show presented at tho Be
lasco that week. May the stand It has
taken ln supporting tho movement for a
Clean stage be not forgotten by the
people of Washington, and may new
subscribers be dally added to Its list,
is the sincere wish of DELORES.
LIKENESS TO SMITH
IS NOT COMPLETE
To tha Editor of TUB TIMES:
After close scrutiny of the pictures
printed ln the Sunday Issue of your
paper, one cannot help noticing a strik
ing resemblance In both the' full face
and the profile. However, after a care
ful study, there Is one remarkable dif
ference, which gees to prove beyond
the peradventure of a doubt that they
are not of one and the same person.
Tho point of which I speak is the
throatf. James Smith has a very promi
nent Adam's apple, while John Kabusta
has n6ne. It is a well known fact that
this pronounced characterlstlq never
changes from yodng manhood to old
age, and the fact that John ICnbusta
has none whatever proves that he Js
not James Smith.
Are they brothers? Is that the reason
the sight of the pictures caused Smith
"to pace his cell like a panther?''
If the detectives would Investigate
that former notorious gambling den of
Chesapeake Beach, I firmly beueve they
NOVEMBER 80, 1911.
m i i
agarsau - slx.
'TOMB IW jtibjWE " 'U ' WSjKrv?mKKSSKtyllfLTSr.rtJl
HISS GRACE LaRUE.
Star In "Betsy," at the Belasco, Who Does Her Best To Make Much of
time comes, another will is conveniently
found, and Betsy discovers that her
husband had arranged before he died to
cut her off with the proverbial chilling,
should she choose for her second hus
band any other than an American.
Just at this Juncture, a minute after
the old family lawyer has discovered
and read the will, along comes Teddy
Bacon, a friend of the family, bringing
Wni2 lm?2rth ne of the most notorious
!? .l ,th,eves, highwaymen, ind mur
aerers this country has ever produced.
M. M. W.
STATIONS TOO FEW
To tho Editor of THE TIMES:
Since you have been kind enough to
publish my letters on two previous oc
casions, I will ask that ou grant me a
few lines or space on "Public Conven
ience Stations," a subject which I con
aider of sufficient importance to Justify
the consideration of everyone.
Theae institutions are very scarce In
every part of Washington, except the
very central part, and there they are
none too, numerous. They are so
scarce. In fact, that alleys, coal yards,
etc., are made a severo menace to pub
lic health. They would not. I think, be
too numerous If located three squares
apart, but, to my knowledge, there Is
no place in Washington TAhere they are
located so close together. One was re
cently built at Ninth street and New
York avenue, when thero was already
one in the Carnegie Library. Thli one
would have done much more good to
the public If located, say In Stanton
Park northeast, which lies half way be
tween the station at Lincoln Park and
the next nearest. Union Station, which
4s twelvo long squares away.
I think wo should havo ono ln every
park, at least. If nowhere else. It would
not be necessary to build expensive ones
like the one at Seventh street and Penn
sylvania avenue, but when public
health Is at stake nothing is expensive.
Publio convenience) stations are, to
my mind, ono of the first requisites of
a model city, and the Capital of tho
United states should, by ull means, be
a model city. A. M. P.
MOST POPULAR SPORT
To the Editor ot THE TIMES:
From recent developments It would
appear that that most wonderful organ
ization of the District of Columbia,
entitled tho "Police Department," has
unanimously udoptcd, the slogan,
"Come, Josephine, ln my flying ma
chine, going up, we go."
A certain "bmlth"Beems to be the
cause of all these aerial flights, and
aviation bids fair to bo the most popu
lar sport among the members of tho
force for a while. Why should the de
partent monkey with a little thing
like nn occasional murder? Wo should
not lose sight of the other wonderful
things, which thoy accomplish. For
instance, When the nonslon funds gnts
low the "force coos about tho hazardous
task Of arresting each and every per
son who commits thn felonious crime
of expectorating on 'the sidewalk. The
work Is broader than this, however, and
covers tho daring raids made on the
young men, who congregate on streot
corners at nights a terrible offense.
Another field of activity Is the arrest
ing of motorists who allow their ma
chines to become bolbterous and emit
too much smoke or make undue noise.
No well-behcvod machine nhould do this,
as Washington Is a smokeless and
noiseless town except when they build
a Are ln the Municipal building.
There Is plenty of time to catch tho
Mlckle murderer. Dorsey Foultz hua
not been caught yet.
We should bo grateful for our Police
Department, and I know that Dorooy
Foults Is. . T. L. PHILLIPS.
FOR PUBLIC SERVANTS
To the Editor of THE TIMES:
I would like to take a small space
in your valuable paper to ask those
ln governing authority, why the police-
men. nremen, ami scnooi teacners don t
receive their pay twice a month.
There is no doubt, that it these val
with him -Jasper Maiiory, writer of
verse and fiction, a man with Bohemian
tendencies as Indicated by the Windsor
tie he wears, and tha whiskers that
adorn his countenance.
"Second husband," cries Betsy,
"where shall I And hlmT Oh, that's
easyl Bring on the man with the
So the man with whiskers is brought
on, and arrangement Is made for him to
marry Betsy, leave her at the church
THE TIMES MAIL BAG
uable servants of this District, received
their pay twice a month. It would en
able them to keep out of debt and would
more nearly equalize those trading with
the business men. As it Is now, there
are a few merchants who command all
of tho trade ot the policemen, firemen,
and teachers, whereas If they were paid
on the 1st and 16th of each month they
could nay cash and buv wherever they
pleased, and save a dollar or two on
It seems that the excuse for not pay-
twice a month Is, there Is not cleri-
cal force enough to mako the pay rolls
up. Then why not detail one or two
members from each department to as
sist on Uie rolls Just a few days ln each
month. I guess the paymaster wouldn't
have much trouble in finding assistance
from either department, for he could
find as much Intelligence in either of
the departments as can be found any
where. Firemen are 'detailed to the
theaters at every performance, so why
not have tho theaters employ their own
firemen, and have them under the
supervision ot the chief of the fire de
partment, the same as the crossing
policemen are under the Chief of Police?
Mr. Editor, I dare say If you would
bring this proposition to those interest
ed by vote, 90 per cent of the policemen,
firemen, and teachers would voto to be
paid on the 1st and 16th of each month,
so where there Is a will, there 1b a way.
A. D. T.
TAKING THE ADVANTAGE
To th Editor of THE TIME8:
In these days of boasted philanthropy,
ln which even criminals receive so much
consideration, none, so far as I can
see, Is ever extended to a certain class
of people winch stands so much In need
or It and most deserves It. I refer to
that unfortunate class which Is so
downtrodden on account of a natural
and unchangeable simplicity of manner
and lack of, that species of falseness and
artificiality possessed by others, even by
fools, almost without their being awaro
of it. These simple persons being ap
parently different from all the rest, are
considered inapt ln the things of life,
are despised and ill-treated even by In
feriors because all consider themselves
above them. Almost everyone who has
to do with, them tries to cheat and Im
pose upon them more than they would
do with others, believing he can do eo
It would seem that the only thing such
simple people can do Is to resign them
selves to tholr fate, but It surely does
not speak well for humanity In general
that such worthy quality as simplicity
of manner and action snould be re
garded In this contemptible way.
Perhaps the able editor of The Times,
who can treat all kinds of subjects with
equal facility, can ofTer this unlucky
class some advice or consolation, or
some of The Times' correspondents who
sympathize so much with the Arabs and
Turks ln far-off Tripoli can divert soma
of their sympathy toward the more un
loriunate persons In question. The
subject Is certainly a novel one, and
might be agitated a little ln your col
umns with pront. N. N.
OF INDIANS AND NEGROES
To the Editor of THE TIMES;
In reference o 'an article which ap
peared a few days ago In the columns
ot the Mall Bag, Blgned "H. Swear
ingdn," assigning financial Jealousy as
ono of the principal reasons of the antl
clvll war agitation by the North, I
should like to ask this Individual If he
Would assign tho same reason to the
protest of the large number of Southern
men and women against slavery before
the war? . The South has always Insist
ed that such was the case and I see no
reason to doubt It, for many Individuals
from Southern States Joined the rank.
ot the Union army. No large section
Toppling ' Over
Story Con&rns a Widow,
Her Husband's Millions,
and a Will. j
SHE IS UNABLE TO
But Parts Are
?!?&':. ?.r2cur2 "vorc. bo that every.
1 rSJ?an-cnd. "HPlly ror all concerned.
Of course there Is a hltoh to the plans!
S1ri6riheTh-W0U d.havo been " clmedy:
opera. The relatives. nni tha .h
Id family lawyer. beiivn th ,
.. - w . ,.. ncuuvu
Right In the End.
Of course it ends as it should. Besr
falls In love with the man sho has mar,
rled, after the audience has had a bad
quarter of an hour wondering what was
to happen next: prevails upon him to
part with his whiskers, and the' Eng
lishman is forced to accept a matri
monial meal ticket, a Pittsburgh girl,
whose fortune Is not hampered y any
Alfred Deery plays the Englishman,
sharing honors with the star. The oart
of Teddy Bacon Is In the capable hands
or jonn wiuara, ana jasper Maiiory,
who becomes Betsys husband, Is tit
part assigned to Cecil .Tervls Ryan.
Augustus Tutwller, the family lawyer,
la adequately played by George W. Cal
lahan. There are several minor char-
acters, whose duties mainly seme to bo
to walk on and Off the stage, adding at
mosphere. The first scene Is laid In
the boudoir of Betsy's home in Kiver- ,
side Drive, New York. Why tho mis
tress of a mansion takes her breakfast
clad In an afternoon gown of chiffon
and satin and wearing a picture hat
loaded with pink willow plumes, is not
explained ln the playbill.
Acts 2 and 3 depict Teddy Bacon's
bungalow at Magnolia Springs.
The gowns, the urogram says, were
designed by herself, and executed by a
Keir York firm. The bats, also, were
evolved by Miss LaRuo.
Putting it mildly, the piece Is of the
sort that kindergarten stuff is made
from. A considerable amount of ban
ality is dragged ln to prop up what
little comedy exists in "Betsy." Possibly,
after the piece has been subjected to
the pruning process, and some of the
prunes haver been removed, tt will be a
success, but not until then.
of a country Is entirely one in a political
opinion any more than Individuals, and
If there was a difference of opinion In
the North about slavary, there must
have been also dlffexences of opinion
in the South.
Also It Is a fact patent to tho shallow
est observer, that without the active sup
port of the West, the North could never
have even so much as commenced 'the
war. Was financial Jealousy there?
The West has at no time been Jealous
of the South and It is safe to say that
slavery could certataly have flourished
In parts of California and probably ln
Arizona and New Mexico, while tho
tight to establish it n Kansas went on
until almost to the opening of tho war.
The truth la If Mr. Swearlngen or any
one else Is looking for a motive for the
civil war tt can easily be found In the
Plain fact that slavery had ln itself
formed such an Intolerable evil to the
body politic that it called for removal
by any moans, even the most drastic
ones. And If It be contended that the
original framers of the Constitution,
never Intended to include slaves ln too
opening declaration of "liberty to man,"
t may be safely asserted on the other
Mae that they did not mean to Include
the Indian either. This is not saying
that they ever meant to enslave the In
dian, but certainly, no one in tho time
of Washington and Jefferson or even
down to the battle of Tippecanoe, ever
thought of him as a voter or office
holder, or Independent landowner. And
I doubt If anyone of them Would not
have been puzzled or amused by the
elaborate school system of Carlisle and
other places, for the benefit ot the In
dian. As to the mental capacities of the two
races, It may be safely asserted that jo
go no furher back than i860, we find
tho Indian still occupying a large por
tion of tha money, time and attention
of the United States, with a small arm
of men and women to look after his In
terestsall drawing salaries while the
aiiiiuituiiireu Biuves are, du per cent or
them, ut least, self-supporting while the
old Frcodman's Bureau went out of ex
istence years ago. BALTIMOREAN
THE EVOLVED CAUCASIAN
.AND HIS SOCIAL SYSTEM
To the Editor of THE TIMEBt ,
Such Injunctions as that" for us to
preach the Gospel to every creature and
such teachings as a universal brother
hood of the different races are errors
that havo led the Caucasian into mis
directed sympathy. The first ignores
the fact that different stages of evolu
tion require different habits, while the
latter is opposed to prudence.
The preachments by thB abolitionists
of sympathy for the negro before and
after his emancipation led many people
to regard him as an equal man brother.
This fact, aided by some animosity
toward the Southerners, Induced the vic
tors of our civil war to insert the Fif
teenth Amendment to our National Con
stitution, to cet up nogro Stato govern
ments in the South and to enact the so
called civil rights bill. The effect of
all this was, and still Is, harmful to
the Caucasian raco. But the harm
would have been greater had It not been
for the opposition of the Southerner.
Both the former slaveholder and his
slaveless neighbor opposed this unnat
ural elevation of nogto, and they re
fused him respect as a ruler. And in
mis the Northerner now concurs.
The attempt In the Constitution to
recognize the slaveholder's so-called
righto could not prevent the abolition
of slavery, nor could a later amendment
confer upon the negro a Caucasian
equivalent. As for our several erron
eous opinions on the causes and results
of our civil war nature treats them
with Impartial and Imperious disregard.
It was through our misdirected sym
pathy that we taught the Jupanese somo
of our science. By means of that sci
ence they havo transformed themselves
from a condition of ancient lgnoranco
Into that of a modern world power. Aa
a world power they overcame Russia a
tmroarous Caucasian aespousm. The
fact that the Japanese did thU as a re
sult ot scientific instruction is slgnlfi
til..? Vi ... B,loPe"Jer accoming to
Hoyle in this precipitate marriage of
Betsy's, and complications begin to nils
un in tno Dam nr thn ni
U, Ji. UWiSAiUNQEN.
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