Newspaper Page Text
Fair Tonight 'and
Tuesday; Cooler. ,
Yesterday's Circulation, 48,345
WASHINGTON, MONDAY EVENING, MAY 13, 1912
PKIOE ONE CENT.
WOMEN TO VOTE
Two Principals in Dual Romance
WHAT LIQUOR LEGISLATION THE DISTRICT
NEEDS, AND WHY.
For nearly two weeks The Times has been pub
lishing in its columns the NEWS about the proposed
excise law, and the opinions of liquor men and
temperance advocates as to the conditions attending
the sale of liquor in Washington. We believe these
articles and those which are to follow, for the NEWS
has not yet all been told, have been and will be in
teresting to both factions and to the public in general.
The NEWS has developed opinions. It has
developed opinions among the liquor interests,
among the temperance advocates, and with the peo
ple. Among the unprejudiced and unbiased, among
those interested solely in the good of the city and
uninfluenced by either commercial interests or ex
treme reform ideas, the NEWS has established these
THAT THERE ARE TOO MANY
SALOONS IN WASHINGTON FOR THE
GOOD OF THE CITY OR THE WEL
FARE OF THAT PART OF THE PEO
PLE WHO DRINK.
THAT A CERTAIN CLASS OF SA
LOONS AND A CERTAIN CLASS OF
HOTELS ABUSE THE PRIVILEGES
GRANTED THEM IN A WAY DETRI
MENTAL TO PUBLIC MORALS AND
IN SOME CASES CONTRARY TO PUB
THAT THE LAW AS IT NOW
STANDS MAKES IT DIFFICULT IN
SOME CASES AND IMPOSSIBLE IN
OTHER CASES TO CORRECT THESE
THAT THE PROPOSED NEW LAW,
THE JONES-WORKS BILL, SHOULD
BE AMENDED TO ADD SOME PROVIS
IONS WHICH IT DOES NOT NOW CON
TAIN AND WHICH ARE NECESSARY
FOR THE PROPER REGULATION OF
THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC AND TO ELIMI
NATE SOME' PROVISIONS WHICH IT
DOES NOW CONTAIN WHICH ARE
UNFAIR TO THOSE WHO BEING IN
THE LIQUOR BUSINESS WISH TO
CONDUCT THEMSELVES AND .THEIR
PLACES IN A DECENT WAY.
To consider these facts in order. With a popu
lation of 331,000 Washington has at the present
time 513 licensed places. This is more saloons than
the city needs, more than can stay within the provis
ions of a reasonable law and be profitable. Wash
ington is not a manufacturing city and as compared
with manufacturing cities its population is not so
largely a drinking class. And yet there are very
few manufacturing cities which allow the number of
saloons to exceed the proportion of one to each
1,000 of population. If this proportion was legally
established here we would have instead of 513
saloons 331, and whatever arguments may be made
against the reduction there is no one who would
contend that the demands of the liquor drinking
population of Washington could not be comfortably
and promptly served in the lesser number of saloons.
Now what are the results of the licensing of the
In order to make a profit, in order to
keep going, the less pretentious and less pros
perous of the saloons have to add private
dining rooms where men and women may resort;
they have to sell liquor to undesirable customers,
to intoxicated persons and to boys under age, to
women and to the growler customers.
No reputable liquor dealer wants to do any
of these things, and if there were fewer saloons,
and each of the fewer made to live up to a proper
law none of them would have to do them to make
a reasonable profit.
So much for the reduction of the number from
the liquor dealers' side. Now let us see what this
reduction would mean to the city and its business.
Not many classes of merchants desire to locate
next to a saloon or in a block where saloons occupy
the majority of the rentable space. What then re
sults? Either property must remain vacant or be
rented to the less desirable tenants in the less de
sirable lines of business. Rentals are lower, the ter
ritory overrun with saloon lessens in value instead
of increasing and the landlord loses accordingly.
What effect does it have on business in general?
It is one of the axioms of business that a man can
not spend what he hasn't. If he is out of work and
so without income he cannot buy. What he spends
for liquor he cannot turn into the till of the butcher
or the cash register of the grocer. He cannot buy
boots and booze with the same money. It is, un
doubtedly, true that 90 per cent of the money spent
in saloons is spent by men without reserve funds
who could spend that same money to better advan
tage in the stores of the city. Is it not plain, there
fore, that economically a lesser number of saloons,
a fewer opportunities for the drinking man would
be advantageous to those who as property holders
and merchants are commercially interested in the
The second fact concerns those license holders
who intentionally and persistently break the laws.
It is the testimony of the present excise board that
a large majority of the saloons are conducted
within the provisions of the law, The liquor
interests have contended in their statements to The
Times that the old law is all right, ,but that the excise
board is inefficient in its enforcement. A careful
study of the facts, facts brought out in courts of
law and under oath, docs not seem to support the
liquor dealers. And particularly this contention is
not supported in the regulation of certain classes of
hotels in Washington. Whatever the liquor dealers'
association has done to clean up the saloons they
have either not tried or else trying have not suc
ceeded in cleaning up the hotels. IT IS PROBABLY
TRUE THAT THERE IS NOT IN ANY CITY
IN THE COUNTRY A MORE THREATENING
SOURCE OF EVIL THAN A CERTAIN CLASS
OF HOTELS IN WASHINGTON. What could be
a more efficient emissary of the devil than a repu
table hotel which renders its rooms attractive with
decorations and lights, with visible allurements and
attractions, and then allows it to be understood that
the purchase of food there means THAT LIQUOR
WILL BE SERVED WITHOUT QUESTION TO
MINORS AND THEIR COMPANIONS? It isn't
that the evil stops with the drinking of the liquors;
it is what is likely to follow in ruined girls ana de
bauched boys. And yet if that hotel's proprietor was
haled into court his lawyer would contend that his
client had the required number of rooms, and must
be allowed to sell liquor, and the judge would de
clare "So sayeth the law." The EXCISE
BOARD OUGHT NOT TO HAVE TO CON
VICT A HOTEL KEEPER IF HIS HOUSE BEARS
A DISREPUTABLE NAME. ITS GENERAL REP
UTATION BEING BAD IT OUGHT TO BE PUT
OUT OF BUSINESS. There are a score of these
places open every night which ought to be closed up
today and their proprietors barred from ever owning
or operating under a license in this city, and the
new law should give the widest sort of latitude to
the excise board to put this class of institutions with
their palms and their bright lights and their
air of semi-respectability totally out of business
no matter how many rooms they have.
To be fair to both sides, to give due weight to
the rights the liquor dealers purchase when they
give money for a license The Times is in honor
bound to say that it believes that there are provis
ions. in the Jones.-Works bilLwhfch are Unfair to the
liquor interests and to which they have a right to
make strenuous objectiojl. The acceptance of the
liquor dealer's money oi aht to be a guarantee under
the law that he is to be given what he pays for, and
allowed within the law to conduct his business with
out molestation or threat of loss. If there are to
be no jokers for the public there should be no
jokers for the man who buys the license. The
liquor dealers rightly complain against the provis
ion which says that no liquor shall be sold within
500 feet of a "PLACE" of worship. The old law
said a "HOUSE" of worship, meaning thereby a
Showing Much Interest in
Election to Be Held
LA FOLLETTE'S WIFE
Senator Has Gradually Been
Losing Ground and Roosevelt
By JUDSON C. WELLIVER.
California's Presidential preference
primary will ho hold tomorrow. Each
party will elect twenty-six delegates
to its national convention, and on
tho ovo of the contest the Roosevelt
Republicans are absolutely confident
of sweoping tho State, whllo the Wll
Bon and Clark Democrats both claim
The California primary will be tho
last one in tho country under a
rogular Presidential preference law,
except only Now- Jersey, which
comes on May 28. Thus far Toft has
carried no State in which the people
got a chanco to vote their Presi
His best showing was In Massa
chusetts, where ho carried a min
ority of the delegation, but where
Roosevelt handed back to him eight
delegates who bad been elected
under Roosevelt pledges.
Women Are Interested.
A peculiar Interest attaches to tho
California situation because tho women
there will vote, under the suffrage
amendment to the State constitution
adopted last' autumn. Senator La Pot
lettn ban been for years an avowed wo
man suffragist, and has made the most
of the fact In the lively campaign he has
put up In the State. Mrs. La Follette
has also been speaking In her husband's
Interest, and all reports agree that tho
women are taking a keen interest In
There was a tlmo when La Follette
loomed Important, but his managers
mado the mistake of claiming too much
strength elsewhere, notably In Minneso
ta. The result Is that his very poor
snowing in that State has broken down
the confidence of his California friends.
and the progressives are going over In a
ooay to Roosevelt.
II n a rn mtn I rri a.1 . TA t. ... ..
u..u a di ac r ....u: - u """ -"''"" oooevcn wiui me
milium, n i utwi-. ui wuiauiu iiicuua iiu auv.n greatest vleor. nnvrrimr th. co.
thing and under the wording of the pro
posed law a saloon no matter how well con
ducted would be in continual danger of being de
clared illegal. The conducting of Salvation Army
services within a radius of 500 feet would be estab
lishing a "PLACE" of worship, and would put the
license in jeopardy.
The Times does not agree with the clause which
provides that the chief of police shall have what is
practically a veto power in the granting of licenses.
If an excise board is so constituted that it will not
give ear to and heed the advice of the head of the
Police Department when he says that an applicant
should not receive a license then the board should
be changed instead of attempting to rectify the sit
uation by putting the matter of granting licenses in
the hands of one man who it might well happen
would be more unwilling to listen to advice than
There should be provision in the bill for the re
duction in the number of saloons at a rate, and in
a manner which will admit of the adjustment of
business to fit the new conditions. No law should
visit unusual and cruel punishment. The law-abiding
liquor dealer who under the demand for fewer
saloons may be forced out of this particular line of
business should be given time to do so with tht
least possible loss. THE NEW LAW WHILE FOR
THE GOOD OF THE PUBLIC NEED NOT AND
SHOULD NOT BE MORE THAN A NECESSARY
HARDSHIP TO THE MAN WHO HAS COM
PLIED WITH THE OLD LAW. The property
holder of the premises should be given opportunity
to seek a new tenant and a reasonable time to estab
lish a continuance of income. The people are to
benefit, and they can afford 4o be fair.
Other faults in the bill may develop. If they
do they will be taken up in due time.
The Times is for the right. It believes a new
liquor law is needed. It believes that Congress is
going to give like consideration to the rights of
the people, and the rights of the liquor dealers. The
Senate has passed the Jones-Works bll, and it
furnishes a sufficient basis upon which to work out
a law just in its provisions and capable of being
efficiently enforced. If the liquor interests are
wise as their fellows in other States have been wise
they will WITHOUT ATTEMPTING DELAY OR
POSTPONEMENT join in both the formulating of
a good law and the living up to it when it has been
most as completely as he did two years
ago, when as candidate for governor he
toured in an automobllo and spoke In
uiinoBi every city, town and hamlet.
California In Line.
Reports Indicate that Roosevelt will
make the same sort of sweep In Cali
fornia that he did In Illinois and Penn
sylvania. He Is expected to poll a
larger vote than the combined Taft and
La Follette strength, and to carry every
Congressional district and tho delegates-at-large.
After California Interest will center
exclusively n Ohio until a week from
today, when the primaries will be held.
The probability of a complete Roosevelt
sweep of the State is becoming more
and more generally accepted by all
classes of politicians, and even the Taft
peoplo admit that they cannot hope
for a majority of tho forty-eight dele
gates. The Roosevelt leaders are con
fident of thlrty-slx, or Just two-thlrds;
they hope to carry the State with such
a sweep as to leave Taft nothing what
ever. One of the Interesting situations Is In
the First Congressional District, rep
resented by Congresman Long-worth,
son-in-law of Colonal Roosevelt. There
is persistent report that "Nick" is liable
to lose his renomlnatlon.
.Mingo Saunders, colored, late first ser
geant of Company A. Twenty-fifth In
fantry, left at 6:45 last night for Ohio,
where he will be Exhibit A In the case
of Taft vs. Roosevelt, anent Browns
ville. Mingo will be used to Illustrate a
Bpeech that Congressman Rodenberg of
St. Loula Is to make especially to col
ored voters. In the final appeal to line
them up for Taft on the ground of
Roosevelt's alleged Insult to the race
when he discharged- the Brownsville
troops, following the shooting up of
Granted Special Leave.
Mingo Saunders had been in the army
about thirty years, and has been held
up as the model colored soldier. During
the Presidential campaign four years
(Continued on Second Page.)
fclpSRCj j MISS RUTH C. FIELD.
S WASHINGTON GIRLS
P;:: jgfl CROSS CONTINENT
iMIiM TO 10 OFFICERS
-r. i v t25.s:t.J.s.3?:r. &?
trxr iiw& "xsiaorvK "? f.-t
r"i f.i -.. j-ii . ' ' ij..,4fitriisi
linn ijw.niiiiiii in
lit I UK HI IKS
J. W. Burroughs Declares
Packers Are Protected
ON IMPURE WATER
Committee Hears Revolting De
scription of Philadelphia
Double Romance Hurried by
Developments in Mexi
e, Not Forced to
FORECAST FOR THE DISTRICT.
Fair, much cooler tonight; Tuesday
fair and cbol.
V. S. BUREAU. I AFFLECK'S.
B a. m 67 I 8 a. m...., 72
9 a. m S3 I 9 a. m 73
10 a. m 64 I 10 a. m 73
11 a. in 64 I U a. m 73
12 noon C3 1 12 noon 74
1 p. m BS I 1 p. m 74
2 p. m 62 I 2 p. m... 74
Today High tide. 4:53 a. m. and 5:30
p. m-; low tide, 11:42 a. m, and 11:50
Tomorrow High tide, 5:44 a. m. and
6:17 p. m,: low tlde 12:19 a. m.
Sun riae 4;iS Sua ets 7:01
Concluding chapters In a double ro
mance which had Its Inception in this
city will be started early Saturday
morning, when Miss Olive India Lewis
and Miss Ruth Field, two "Washington
girls, will leave on the long Journey
across continent to San Diego, Cal.,
where, on Saturday, May 25, they will
becomo the brides of naval officers con
nected with the U. 8. S. Yorktown at
The brldegrooms-to-be are Paymaster
Arthur Mlddleton and Ensign Edward
Guthile. Miss Olive Lewis will become
Willinm; Fnrmpr Purfrnpr nf ! Mrs- Mlddleton, while Miss Field, who
wiiiiams, rormer ranner 01 . , tne daugnter of Mr. and Mrs Walter
S. Field, of 1934 Calvert street north
west, will change her name to Mm.
On their long Journey which will cul
minate the dual romance the two brides-to-be
will be chaperoned by Mr. H. W.
Marshall, of 123 Adams street north
west. Until last week both young women
had been planning to be married In this
city, but recent events In Mexico caused
the Navy Department to Issue orders
that prevented the two naval officers
from leaving their post on the Paclllc
and, rather than await tho compllca-
1 tlons that might necessitate tholr ser
vices In Pacific waters for an Indefinite
time, the two young women determined
to overcome all obstacles and delays and
make the Journey Westward.
It has only been within the past few
wdeks that the two young women have
known each other. They were brought
together through letters of Introduction
from their fiances.
Elaborate plans for a military wed
ding had been made by the parents of
Miss Lewis, but these were abandoned
whea It became known that Paymaster
Mlddleton would not be able to make
the trip to Washington.
Immediately following the perform
ance of the wedding ceremony it Is
the Intention of both couples to go to
housekeeping. In San Diego, where both
the bridegrooms have already furnished
Hy calling A. S. Cockrell, clerk to
Interstate Commerce Commissioner
Meyer, the House Judiciary Committee
investigating charges against Judt,o
Archbald. of the United States Com
merce Court, today spread on Its rec
ord a memorandum made by Cockrell
detailing the story that W. P. Bolanrt
told to Mr. Meyer In February and
which Induced Mr. Meyer to lay the
matter before the Department of Jus
tice. Mr. Cockrell denied that In telling his
story to Mr. Wlckcrsham, E. J. Williams
apeared excited or that mere was any
coercion on the part of Boland In secur
ing the presence of Williams before Mr.
Wlckersham. Cockrell said that Wil
liams did not question the dates on
affidavits which were shown to Mr.
Wlckersham and are now a part of the
record In the case. This Is considered
Important as throwing light on alleged
Inconsistencies In William's testimony
before the committee.
J. Ii. Rltenhouse, a civil and mining
engineer from Scranton, who was em
ployed by W. R. Brown of the De
partment of Justice to make a survey
of the Katydid culm bunk., testified he
made the survey without knowing
that he was employed in the Interest
of tho Government and ho knew noth
ing about the Archbald charges. He
said there were 46,704 tons of coal
with a value of about $47,000 to
The Erie railroad would have made
about $35,000 profit In "working" the
dump, he said It would have been
merely a "fuel proposition" to the
Laurel electric line, but not a mer
chantable proposition. If this coal
were transpprted to tidewater, the
Kile would have stood to profit by
about $72,000, of which $37,500 would
represent profit on transportation.
Rlttenhouse said the culm bank was
owned Jointly by the Hillside Coal Com
pany and the Everhart estate, but he
did not believe John M. Robertson had
any legal equity In It.
Mr. Webb then asked Mr. Rlttenhouse
If the value of tho culm banks In the
anthracite region was not increasing
very rapidly. The witness said that was
true, and especially when they passed
into ownership of the coal roads.
Rlttenhouse said he heard tho Erie
engineers had surveyed the Katydid
bank and estimated It contained 55,000
tons of coal. He had this Information
before he made the survey for W. R.
NEW ROADS, La., May 13 A con
vict laborer who was pressed Into
service with other convicts to help
strengthen the Mississippi levee at Mor
ganza, was shot by his guard while
trying to escape, according to a tele
phone messago received by the chief of
iiollce here today A second convict
Iwho tried to escape was captured.
RAILROAD MAN WINS
IN SUPREME COURT
That polluted water from the Poto
mac river with the "O. K." of the
Department of Agriculture, was UBed
In the packing establishment of
Swift & Co., at Cumberland,
Md., was one of the startling charges
mado today before the House Com
mittee considering tho Nelson reso
lution to Investigate the meat Inspec
J. W. Burroughs, a former meat In
spector, who left the service In
March last, was on the wltnesB stand.
HIb testimony was replete with the
recital of instances wherein the of
ficials of the department are charged
with having permitted violations of
law. UnBanltary conditions In pack
ing houses, rotten meat, floor cov
ered with clotted blood, and Anally
polluted water that received a verdict
of "pure" at the hands of the de-'
partment were some of the allega
tions made by the former Inspector.
Water Is "Passed."
Burroughs testified that during a ty
phoid fever epidemic In Cumberland in.
August. 1910, he became auspicious of
the water supply and sjmt a sample of
water to Dr. A. D. Melvtn, of the bureau
of animal industry. Dr. Melvln, the
witness testified, wrote him, saying that
the sample had been examined and
found "free of pollution." He was In
structed that it was within his power
to stop the use of the water In packing
houses if he found it to be comtam
lnated. While tho department found the water
pure". Burroughs charged, it was pro
nounced Impure by the Maryland State
Board of Health, and the city health of
flcei at Cumberland called It "rotten."
Mt. Burroughs said he was ablo to
produce the conflicting analyses.
After Dr. Melvln had informed him
that the Potomac water had been found
pure, Cuirouglii) said it was used for
ticking bcof at the packing establish
ment. The citv ot Cumberland, the wltnesa
nd.led. has ullife spent $509,WO to bet
ic Its water conditions.
Proceeding to a lesctipUon of naok-lnw-house
conditions at Philadelphia,
where he was t-tatlone.l before going to
CiJinb'rland. Fonncr Inspector Bur
ioiikIw d'-cliircj that fondltlons in
Phlladelplja. during his slay there,
vcre "simply awful."
Inspectors Not Experts.
Referring to his work at Philadelphia,
which extended over the period from
September, 1906, to September, 1908, Mr.
Burroughs bald that he was especially
Impressed with the fact that many car
casses were passed by Inspectors who!
were not veterinarians and that soma
of these carcasses were. diseased and de
manded the close scrutiny of some one)
with a technical knowledge of animal
" Veterinarlansrarely Inspect the small
er animals, Mich as sheep. Iambs, and!
calves until the viscera and the glands
have been icmoved by Inspectors without
veterinary experience," said Mr. Bur
roughs. "The veterinarian looks overt
the carcass after It has been marked,
'passed' nnd after a man without
technical knowledge or diseases has cut
away the glands and destroyed tho vis
cera. What can a veterinarian tell then
as to the extent of disease?"
"What's the Use?"
Burroughs told of one Instance whera
he as an Inspector had condemned ten'
carcasses in a Philadelphia establish
ment which were Intended for sausage.
The carcasses ho said were black and;
emitted a stench that was "awful." He
declared, however, that the establish
ment called up Dr. Schaufler, inspector
In charge, and that he was overruled
and the carcasses finally passed. Dr.
Clements who was with him. Burroughs
said, threw up his hands and said:
"What's the use?"
In the course of his testimony he told
of cases in which that part of the law
wiiicn saya tne uovernment oinciais
(Continued on Seventh Page.)
Verdict of $7,500 For Personal In
juries Is Affirmed In Decision.
An Important Supreme Court decision
affecting thousands of railroad em
ployes who are members of railroad
"relief associations," was that today
affirming the $7,600 Judgment Theodore
A Schubert, of Washington, Becured
against the Philadelphia, Baltimore and
Washington Railroad, for personal in
juries. The railroad contended that Schu
bert's agreement, signed upon Joining
the "relief association." not to file any
claim for damages, barred him from re
covering. The Supreme Court today
denied that contention Such special
contracts between railroads and em
ployes are invalid, the court declared,
under the employers' liability act.
1 IN CONGRESS TODAY
Senate met at noon.
Judiciary Committee takes stand In
favor of six-year term for President,
and making that official ineligible to
Agricultural appropriation bill Is takon
Resolution by Brlstow passed calling
for papers In case of postal employe,
Charles 11. Quackenbush.
The Honse met at noon.
Tho conference report on the bill for1
direct election of Senators was called
District legislation was sidetracked by
the conference report, but may be conJ
aldered late today
The Judiciary Committee continued lt
inquiry Into the Archbald case.
The Moss committee continued Its har
tng on the meat inspection charges.
The Interstate Commerce Committee'
held a hearing 011 the Dent bill to
investigate the avnIUbllltj of the An'
drew safety appliance lor railrocvdi.