WASHINGTON, TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 14, 1913
Yesterday's Circulation, 50,049
PRICE ONE GENT.
I AM BEING HIT BELOW THE BELT"
TAFT IN IKE,
ilnterest in Proposed Law
Prompts The Times to Print
. Arguments Made.
TALKS TO OHIO
l GIVES HIS OPINION
Chief of Police Says Washington
Is One of the Most Or
Little publicity has been given
to the details of the hearings on
the proposed liquor law. The
Senate committee listened to ar
guments for and against it and
from the big volume of testimony
and arguments there offered The
Times will publish a series of ar
ticles of which the following is
What Hearings Developed.
In making their fight for a re
vision of the excise laws of the Dis
trict the advocates of such a change
made two fundamental arguments
beforo the Senate committee that
tuiiuucica me neanngs. One wa3
that the sale of liquor within the
District and especially within tho
city of Washington is accompanied
by numerous evils that injure tho
morals of tho community. Tho other
was that these evllB exist because
the laWB now on the books are ob
solete, having been" in existence
nineteen years, during which time
tie city has outgrown the laws.
In opposing the proposition for
any change in the oxclse lawB the
liquor Interests and their friends
held that Washington is an orderly
city, in fact an unusually well-conducted
city, and the liquor traffic is
kept on a high plane,
Lack of Civic Spirit.
All of theaj allegations bv tho op
ponents of any new law showod, to
their mind, that no matter how old the
Hxr now on the books Is. It iict'erthelss
Throughout the hearings the opinion
constantly crept out that ono deploiaulu
condition did exist the- absence of any
ii-al clvi2 spirit to brine things to a
iucjs. What Is everybody's business
nobody s business. The people of
Washington, having no vcicu In their
own atfulis, leave It to Congress, and
congress not having any local lnteiost.
luts needed District legislation go over
from session 4to session.
In presenting tho need for a now ex
cise law. befiira the Senate committee.
Rv. Edwin C. Olliwiddee. national leg-
jciui.kt iciin?niuuvu or mo temper
aneo organization said:
"I think the city ot Washington ought
to be a model to tho rest of the country
In Its legislation and In Its enforcement
of law and In the general conditions that
prevail here. As a matter of fact I
know I hazard nothing In this statement
we are far behind the average States
of this Union with respect to our liquor
legislation. There is not any question
The average State of the Union has
more up-to-date legislation; the people
have some say as to what conditions
shall obtain, which practically is not
true here. I feel sure that I am
safe in saying that the proponents of
Improved legislation along this line In
the District are not asking for unusual
and Improper legislation. Wo are will
ing to safeguard it in the proper way,
but we do want some of these features
, that obtain In nearly every State of the
nnlon-ln not all, possibly, but In nearly
every State of the Union we want these'
incorporated in the liquor laws of the
District of Columbia."
Albert R. Shoemaker, representing
the Anti-Saloon League for the District,
emphasized this fact, and added that
while the present excise lawti were
passed nineteen years ago that even
Some of the good features of tho law
bad been eliminated bv the decisions of
thp courts. Mr. Shoemaker's point was
elaboiated by Rev. Donald C. MacLeod
of the Presbyterian Preachers' Associa
tion, who observed:
World Is Changing.
"The thing that I desire to emphasize
in -that tho world has been changing,
end Improvements, wonderful improve
ments and advancements, have been
made In the nineteenth century along
every line that can be imagined alone
(Continued on Ninth Page.)
1 WEATHER REPORT.
FORECAST FOR THE DISTRICT.
Fair tonight; Wednesday fair, warmer.
S BUREAU. I AFFLECK'S.
R K. m 55
s a. m co
10 n. m 67
H a. m 6D
12 noon 70
1 p. m ",2
- P. iu 74
9 a. m fiO I
10 a. m 62 l
It a. m...'. 61 I
12 noon 64 (
1 p. m 65 i
2 p. in 66 I
Today High tide. 6:41 a. m. and 6:17
p. m.: low tide, 12:29 a. m.
Tomorrow High tide, 6:30 a. m. and
7 (C p. m.; low tide, 12:32 a. m. and l.:15
p. m. .
Rises 4.47 I Sets .
Nelson and McCabe Glare
at Each Other After
LIE IS GIVEN TO
Burroughs, Former Inspector, Not
Fired For Borrowing
Constant wrangling, nearly ending
in a personal encounter between So
licitor McCabe, of tho Department of
Agriculture, and Congressman Nel
Bon, author of the resolution to in
vestigate the moat inspection serv
ice, embittered the hearing before
the Moss committee of the House to
day. Mombers of the committee, of
ficials of the Department of Agricul
ture, and Mr. Nelson wcro all in
volved in the verbal mix-up, and the
noon adjournment ended an exciting
J. W. Burroughs, former inspec
tor for the department, who is now
a witness for Mr. Nelson, gave Uie
lie to charges that he was dismissed
from tho service for borrowing
money from the packers.
After the adjournment Congiessman
Nelson and Solicitor McCabe became In
volved over an argument over tho ve
racity of Burroughs and bystanders
deemed It necessary to step between to
prevent a possible physical encounter
Confusion prevailed from the moment
that Solicitor McCabe. beginning the
cross-examination of Burroughs, de
manded (p,know If he hadn't been dis
missed for the causes alleged. Several
members of tho committee endeavored
to talk at once. Congressman Sloan, a
member. Insisted upon making a state
ment, and Mr. Nelson and Solicitor Mc
Cabe participated In a contusing across
table colloquy on the subject of "mud
After Burroughs, who was on the
stand yestcrdaj, had d Mailed addlllci.al
alleged violations of the nuat Inspection
laws and had renewed his charges
ngalnst the department officials, Solici
tor McCabe precipitated the row b ask
ing Burroughs If he had not ended his
friendly relations with Dr. Schautler,
chief Inspector at Philadelphia, by Bay
ing: "I'll get square with you for reporting
mc for borrowing money from packers?"
Declares It a Lie.
Chairman Moss and Congressman
Sloan Interposed immediate and em
phatic objection to the question. Mr.
Sloan started to mako a statement and
was halted by Congressman Nelson.
"I'll make this statement as a member
&t this committee, and without Inter
ruption, too," said Sloan, pointedly.
While he attempted to proceed, Mr. Nel
son and Solicitor McCabe carried on a
wordy war of their own. When the wlt
(lnally answered the question, lie
nat Is a He. without a point of
fact to It, an absolute He manufactured
of whole cloth."
After the session adjourned the argu
ment was continued by Solicitor Mc
Cabe and Congressman Nelson. Mr.
McCabe contended ho had a right to
Inmilro Into the conduct of the witness.
mere is no question that Burroughs
Is an honest man." said Nelson. "I
nreyalled on him to testify against his
wishes. Ho Is as honest as anv man In
this country, and I will not permit you
to attempt to discredit him bv inriiitgln -In
personalities. You must stick to
McCabe Makes Threat.
"We'll see about that." retorted Mc
Cabe. in evident anger. At this point
several of the bystanders passed be
tween tho two belligerents and the
crowd left the committee room.
Chairman Moss explained, following
tho session today, that tho committee
would allow Mr. Nelson to put on ono
more witness to show the need of a
general investigation. Tho commltteo
will then determine whether there shall
bo a general Inquiry. Solicitor McCabo
will be permitted to furnish tho com
mittee with any Information It mav re
quire, but there will be no technical
examination of witnesses bv the so
licitor during the preliminary hearings.
Burroughs testified today that he had
left the service voluntarily last March
and that to his Knowledge no charges
were pending against him.
J. W. Burroughs, formerly a meat In
spector, resumed his testimony and pre
ferred additional charges against the
administration of the meat inspection
laws, Dut he was frequently interrupt
ed by Chairman Moss and Representa
tive Sloan, who questioned the rele
vancy of portions of his testimony.
Burroughs took up today the secret
announcements Issued from time to .time
by the Department of Agriculture,
which, he said, tended to confuse In
spectors and hamper their work. These
secret announcements, tho witness said,
came through the mulls. He said they
tended to weaken tho administration of
the meat Inspection laws, ho thought.
During her testimony last week Mrs.
Carollno Bartlett Crane devoted con
siderable attention to these secret regu
lations, which Inspctors were warned
tiust not be shown to the public. Oa
the defensive, the department made an
swer that these bulletins were mado
secret In order that the packers might
not know of the plans of the department.
CALLED BY DEATH
Comrnander of Department
of Texas Victim of Stroke
Brig. Gen. Joseph W. Duncan, com
manding the Department of Texas, one
of the best known men In the United
States army, died suddenly this morning
at San Antonio, Texas. Ills death was
directly due to a stroke of apoplexy and
occurred shortly after 12:30 o'clock.
Brigadier General Duncan was well
i known In this city and was formedly
! stationed at the War Department here.
He has a distinguished record as a sol
! dler and won laurels for his work In
, the early Philippine service.
PRESENTS ITS SIDE
Statement Made to Offset Alleg.
ed Misleading Arguments
Friends of the United States Com
merce Court are determined to refute
charges that that body Is a "railroad
court." Interests close to the court de
clared today that Congressmen who
claim that the court has decided most
of the cases brought before it In favor
of the railroads, have garbled their
To offset these alleged misleading
statements a BUinmary of the court's
huslness to date was prepared and
given out for publication. This sum
mary shows that thirteen cases to date,
involving question of railroad rates,
have been decided In favor of tho In
terstate Commerce Commission: that Is,
the orders of tho commission upon le
view have been upheld. Ten cases have
been decided against the commission, or
reversing Its findings. Fourteen cases
have been decided in favor of carriers
as against ten that have been decided
against carriers. Seven temporary In
junctions have been granted, while
seven have been denied.
It Is further declared that only 2 per
cent of tho decisions of the commission
in railroad cases are brought to the
Commerce Court for review. These, It
is asserted, are the cases which the
latlroad lawyers have selected as most
favorable to their Interests and It Is
contended that It Is but natural that
the court should have to decide a fair
percentage of them In favor of the
railroads. It Is understood that the
friends of the court are going to make
efforts to obtain a better public under
standing of the court's position and to
pike the guns of some of Its critics.
FIGHTER OF NDIANS
INJUNCTION BILL IN
WILL PASS TODAY
Measure, Brought in Under Special Rule,
Precipitates Fierce Debate Aimed at
By a vote of 175 to 99 the House today adopted a special rule reported
from the Rules Committee making In order the Clayton antl-lnjunctlon
bill. Following the adoption of tho rule three houro' general debate
was started, and it probably will pass tho House by a substantial major
ity late today.
Republican members who oppose the measure on the ground that it
is an Invasion of tho powerB of the Federal court will offer a substi
tute bill before the final vote is taken.
Tho Clayton antl-lnjunctlon bill embodies a principle for which the
labor unions have contended for many years, and which has been ap
proved by two national platforms of the Democratic party.
TO STOP INJUNCTIONS.
The bill was designated by Congress
man Henry of Texas as a measure de
signed to prevent the issuance of "mid
night Injunctions." Tho bill provides
that In no case except where Irrepar
able Injury would ensue shall a court be
permitted even to Issue a temporary or
permanent restraining order withoul no
tice to all parties concerned.
It Is also provided that temporary re
straining orders shall have a life of
only seven days, and that a hearing
shall be held beforo they are renewed.
In Issuing injunctions courts are requir
ed to set forth In writing tho specific
reason for tho Issuance- of a restraining
order and to grant hearings beforo such
orders arc mude permanent. Thpse lip
plying for injunctions are required 'to
furnish bond sufficient to cover damages
to the enjoined party in tho event the
restraining order was unwarranted. The
bill specifically provides that no tem
porary injunction shall bo Issued In
labor disputes unless Irreparable injury
would ensue if the injunction were de
nied. Henry Speaks.
In defending the special rule making
privileged the antl-lnjunctlon bill, Rep
resentative Henry, chairman of the
Rules Committee, said tho bill was In
tended to end "midnight Injunctions."
"In this bill." he said, "wo arc re
deeming another platform pledge, as
we redeemed one pledge yesterday In
tlje adoption of a resolution providing
for the direct election of Senators.
"This bill declares that midnight in
lunctlons bv Federal Judges shall not
be tolerated hereafter. Wo have In
veighed against that sort of tyranny
We are not here to attack the courts,
for we would destroy the Government
should we undermine our courts. Wo
are here, however, to say that the time
has arrived to take in our hands the
matter of tho Issuance of Injunctions
and to say to the courts that they may
go lust as far and no farther.
"Tlwco has tho Democratic platform
declared In favor of this regulation, and
now that the people have given us
control of this branch of Congress we
Propose to pnhs a bill that will stop
those who attempt to pervert our Insti
tutions bv means of the midnight in
junctions." Sir Henry informed the House that
another meosure affecting the courts
would follow tho antl-lnjunctlon bill.
This, )io said, was tho Clayton bill, pro
viding for Jury trials In cases of Indi
Charges Bad Faith.
Congressman Xorrls of Nebraska,
leader In the movement which over
threw tho power of the Republican ma
jority, charged the Democrats with hav
ing withdrawn from their original stand
against "lion-clad i tiles" and demand
ed to know by what right they had re
ceded frpm their position.
"When my party was in power." said
he, "I fought this very thing. I have
not changed. Why have you? Do you
consider that the adoption of such a
rule ao this Is fair to the members of
this house, patriotic, or In line with
your position when you were In the
Chairman Henry, of the Rules' Com
mittee, replied for the Democrats, as
serting that the Republicans, when In
power had consistently refused to call
up antl-lnjunctlon legislation.
"If wc gave this measure over to tho
Republican side," ho declared, "you
would devour every good thing In It.
This Is an honest attempt on our part to
bilng In better legislation. If you Re-
fiubllcans are honest you will Join us
n passing it."
ULRICH IS HERE
TO MAKE PLANS
FOR GRAND OPERA
Suitable Place Is Only
Thing Lacking for
"Why doesn't Waaahington build an
Thus spoko Bernard Ulrlch, business
manager of tho Chicago-Philadelphia
Grand Opera Company, this morning In
the private office of Manager Thatcher,
of tho Poll Theator, when talking over
the grand opera situation in Washing
ton "At present,' he continued, "I cannot
say what Washington's chances for
opera are. but I will know as soon as 1
have looked the ground over. It Is not
so much a question of a guarantee, for
we feel sure that we can obtain that, as
It Is of a suitable place In which to
produce our operas. I want Washington
to have a season of grand opera, and
the plan Is feasible, but what is needed
Is an opera house where grand opera
can bo given and given right, both mu
sically and socially.''
He sald lie was certain that a guar
antee could be raised, sajlng that many
guarantors of tho Chicago company re
side In Washington. He mentioned the
names of Joseph l.elter. Mis. Levi Z.
Letter, M-s. Pullman, ana others who
contribute largely to tho Chicago guar
antee. If plans which Mr. L'lrlch have tct
in motion today developed, Washington
will have, nt least, one mutlneo ar.d
night performance each week for ten
weens next season. Heretofore, the
company, of which he Is the representa
tive ha divided Its time between
Philadelphia and Chicago, plnying four
performances a week in each city. This
leaves Friday open, and in past seasons
the Fildtiv performance has been given
In tho Lyric Theater In Baltimore.
NIGHT SESSIONS FOR
President G. F. Baer, of
Reading, Is Sum
After deciding to hold night sessions
to husten Its Inquiry, the House Judi
ciary Committee examined no witnesses
today In tho Impeachment investigation
of Judge Robert W. Archbald, of the
Commerce Court. A recess until 10
o'clock tomorrow was declared, the
committee desiring to participate In th
debate of the Clayton antl-lnjunctlon
bill In the House.
Geoige F. Baer. president of the Phil
adelphia and Reading railroad, was a
new witness subpoenaed today. Ho will
probably testify Thursday or Friday,
Great Crowds Greet Both
Aspirants in President's
SEVEN TOWNS HEAR
THE TWO CANDIDATES
Roosevelt Makes Strong Impres
sion in Campaign Through
In Baltimore today tho Repulili.
enn State convention adopted
resolutions favoring Theodore
Roosevelt, and; selected sixteen
delegates to Chicago, the major
ity of whom are for the former
Tho contention Tras the scene of
a spirited tight, but the dele
gates for Roosevelt were in the
majority, and only agreed to di
vide the delegation in the hope
of bringing about harmony.
EAST LIVERPOOL, Ohio, May 14.
President Taft and Colonel Roose
velt almost met at Steubenville this
morning. While a chorus of saluting
river boat whistles was awakening
the President In his private car iu
the Pennsylvania railroad yards and
stirring him into action for a day of
strenuous work another blast of fac
tory trumpets was splitting the dawn
invwclcomrr to" the0on5riB;;(;cl'
train, juBt pulling 'into, the same
Caught between two electros of
energetic hostility, drowsy Steuben
ville awakened, wondering what
strange influence was at work, and,
having to put in the time until
breakfast, flocked down to the two
stations to wish the two former
friends more power In their
Colonel Out First.
Taft's train started out early, 7.30 a.
m., but not so earlv as the colonel's.
Roosevelt was scheduled to speak at
8:S0 at Bellalre. Taft's first speech w-as
for East Liverpool, only a short dis
tance from Steubenville, where he spoke
Seven times todav Taft and Roosevelt
played rival matinees In the same
towns, although at no places were the
meetings simultaneous. Roosevelt talked
to a crowd here at about noon. Taft
spoke In Wellsvllle at 9 a. m.; Roose
velt at 11:10. The colonel's night meet
ing Is at Canton; Taft spoke there Just
Both contestants compalgned through
the Mahoning Valley today. They missed
each other by only a few hours In War
ren. Nlles and Youngstown.
The start of Taft's day was marked by
good earlv morning crowds and much
excitement, as the State began (to wake
up to the drama going on In Its midst.
The President was quite hoarbe after
his manv speeches yesterday.
To Attacks While
Big Crowd Cheers
BBLLAIRE, Ohio. May 14. In his In
vasion of Ohio todny, Colonel Roosevelt
scored President Taft for his recent at
tacks on him. The ex-President iebukcd
the President for having been "misled
by the Influences around him."
Roosevelt told a wildly cheering crowd
here that the President has shown that
ho cannot oe trusted to handle the af
(Contlnucd on Sixth Page.)
IN CONGRESS TODAY
Senate met at noon.
Police and firemen's pension bill re-
called from House by Senator GaWln-
Senator Overman gets resolution
through calling for information as to
number of commissions created under
authority of Congress.
.Consideration of agricultural bill re
Senator William Alden Smith will soon
finish Titanlo report.
Th" House met at U a. m.
A special rule was adopted glvlns
privileged status to tho Clayton antl
Debute on the bill was begun.
The Moss eommlttei Investigating the
meat Inspection service continued Its
The Judiciary Committee held a short
hearing on the Archrnld case.
The Way and Means Committee de
cided to postpone a report of a cot
ton bill oendhu action In the Senata
on other tariff measures.
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