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THE WASHINGTON TIMES MONDAY, 60TOBER 7, 1912.
IN THE BALKANS
Turks t Believed to Be Re
' sponsible for Break With
' - ' Bulgaria.
VIENNA, Oct. 7,-An Oriental railroad
bridge near Mustapha Pasha hai been
blown up, levering communication by
rail between Bulgaria and Turkey, ac
cording to a message today from Sofia.
It la taken (or granted here that
Turks jrreeked the bridge. Mustapha
Pasha is the first station on the line,
after crossing tho frontier from Uul
ajarlan Into Turkish territory. Its loss
does not prevent Turkoy from getting
troops far enough north to defend Its
frontier, but It does hamper the ad
vance. of Bulgarian Invaders.
SALONIKA, Oct. 7.-A sharp battle
was fought tcday between Bukartan
troops, who crossed the frontier Into the
Vely Hey district and Turkish soldiers.
The. Bulgarians shelled several block
houses. When the strength of the Hun
garians was seen additional Turkish
soldiers were sent to the scene and they
opened fire upon tho block houses.
The Bulgarians answered the fire and
conflict waa still raging this afternoon.
BELGRADE, Servla, Oct. 7. Five
Turkish soldiers were killed and an of
ficer captured In a fight with Servian
gendarmes at Obletchoff, on the frontier
The Truks, disguised as gypsies, en
tered the town and attempted to blow
UD the roVernmnt srt.njil nnA mmn.
nlUon depot. They were discovered lust
iney were planting tne explosives
and flrhtlnr fnllnwari
.ii:r i.. : i ..
Dcrvuui cmzens jointed tne Servian
troops In attacking the Turks.
U. S. Army Officers to.
1 Observe Conflict in
Case of Balkans War
If war breaks out between Turkey
and the Balkan States, as It threatens
seriously to do, the War Department
will find a lot of eager candidates among
the army officers anxious to go to
southeastern Europe as military observ
ers. Army men fully realize that this
war, If It breaks out In earnest, will be
no child' play. It will be the first
war worth the mention on European
oil since the famous struggle nf 1J78
between Russia andv.Turkey, and 11 Is
likely io take on, proportions, so far as
land -operations are c6n;erned, rivaling
tbos"of the war between Japan and
Russia. True, the Turks and Italians
have been fighting for some months
over African territory, but this has been
a contest of small proportions and of
relatively little military Importance.
The task of military observer In a
great war Is about as desirable a one
as can fall to the Ibt of a trained and
competent military man, who takei
pride and Interest In bis profession. It
Is an opportunity' to. learn, the i art of
dme fo SttofTicertbut JanceSn s file
time. Iff f
Will-Send Best Officers.
All army men know Vhls, and conse
quently there will be great clamor on
the part of army officers to get a
chance tp look In on the operations of
the armies. Nor will , the War De
partment neglect the .opportunity to
get reports from the scene of opera
tions and to ascertain what lessons
can bo drawn from them If the war
comes. Doubtless several of the bosl
and brightest officers will be given
orders to attach themselves to one or
the other of the armies.
In the last great war the world hns
witnessed, that between Japan and
Itussla, this country was well repre
sented by military observers. Their
reports are in the hands of the War
Department and the general staff and
are of much value. One of the ob
servers waa Major William V. Judson,
Engineer Commissioner ef the' Dis
trict of Columbia, who Is likely to be
the new bead of the canal zone. Major
Judscn, among othor things, witness
ed the battle of Mukden and made a
valuable report upon it.
Great Military Opportunity.
In the last great war on European
,aoll, that between Russia and Turkey,
In 1S7I, this country had an able mill
jtary man with the Russian army. This
'Vas Qen. F. V. Greene, later pollcrf
commissioner of New York. General
Greene occompalned the famous Russian'
general, fikobelorr, in his remarkable
inarch In the deapth of winter across the
mountains on the Turkish frontier. In
the direction of Constantinople. This
was one of the most remarkable winter
campaigns on record, and the American
observer set out a brilliant and Inter
esting story regarding it on his ro
.turn. rt Any was of large proportions between
the Balkan states and Turkey will
bring Into the field probably millions of
men, and will be Intensely Interesting
from the purely military standpoint, as
well as extremely picturesque, it will
be a fine opportunity for the military
'observer, and It la not to be wondered
at that the young and ambitious offi
cers are already pricking Up their ears
.'and sniffing the battle from afar.
'I LONDON, Oct. 7. The powers were
practically agreed today on tho form of
the communications to be sant to
Turkey and the lesser Balkan states
with a view to tettllng their differences.
It was uaddi '.ixl thu lommiinli'aUuiia
will be presented tomorrow. Diplomats
considered the outlook much Improved.
English government officials resented
the reports that tho British foreign of
fice nearly blocked the powers' agree
ment. All, England did. they said, was
to suggest a few changes In the word
ing of tho communication to Turkey.
Continental diplomats point out, how
ever, that the changes transformed the
document from a rather peremptory de
mand for reforms Into a very polite sug
gestion that reforms are desirable.
This may have been good policy,
critics of the English attitude said, but
the expressed opinion was that the Brit
ish reason for It was anxiety not to of
fend the Turks, now that Kiamll Pasha,
who Is strongly pro-British, has been
lven an Important post among the
Greece, Bulgaria, Servla and Mon
tenegro will be warned that, even If
they go to war with Turkey and win
the powers will, not permit them to
gain anything by it. Turkey will be
asked to give a larger measure of
self-government than at present to
Macedonia and Albania, though not
the absolute autonomy which the
f quadruple alliance demanded. Tur
key has already intimated Its willing
ness to do this.
The powers have shown a lamenta
ble lack of confidence In one another
throughout the entire Balkan nego
tiation and high authorities said to
day It waa only by extraordinary good
luck that they ever reached an agree
ment. Even the agreement does not yet In
sure peace, but today's prospects were
BY 11. S. lARIS
Navy Officers Expect Troops
Will Leave in Thirty
Rear Admiral W. II. II. Southerland
and the 2,100 American marines and
sailors In Nicaragua today are In com
plete control of affairs In that republic.
Evacuation of Nicaragua by ail Amer
ican troops and gunboat within thirty
days was the private prediction today
of prominent navy officials. They con
sider the revolt ended, but were today
anxiously awaiting confirmation by Ad
miral Southerland that General Frias
and the remaining band of rebels had
surrendered at Loon.
"If Leon has been taken that ends
tho revolution,'! said a high naval com
mander. Scout Heea.'of Marines.
It was tho opinion today of the navy
heads that Intermittent brigandage' may
follow the crushing of the rebellion,
but they bellevo the Nl'carag'uah gov
ernment can cope with such a situation,
without aid from the Americans. It
Is said, however, ,that at least ono of
tho five American gunboats will be left
at Nicaragua for some time, but that
the troops would be withdrawn from
Need for more marines In Nicaragua
Is scouted by officials hore. They point
ed out today that Southerland has 2,400
available, to face a disorganized body
of rebels, poorly armed. The cruiser
Cleveland Is also due to return to
Nicaragua early this week from Pan
ama, where she left General Mena, the
exiled rebel leader. '
Bodies of the four Americans killed
In the battle of Barranca will be re
turned to this country on one of tho
battleships .stationed there. None of
the Americans wounded have died, ac
cording to latest dispatches to the Navy
and State Departments
May Take Over Customs
The next move by the Nlcaraguan
government will be the request that the
United States take charge of the cus
toms houses of the country, and ad
minister them as a security for an ad
ditional loan of $15,000,000.
In the opinion of Minister Caatrlllo
such supervision would prevent another
The town of Leon, the last rebel
stronghold In Nicaragua, has surrender
ed to tne American iori.es, ana u is re
ported that It waa taken with but lit
Admiral .Southerland has reported to
the Navy Department that he has of
ficially commended Lieut. Col. Charles
G. Long, who led a detachment of ma
rines Into Chlchlgalpa Saturday, and
frustrated a plot to blow up a train
bearing the American forces to Leon.
Will of Major Carson
. Gives Estate to Widow
The will of Major John M. Carson,
who died in Philadelphia. September 30,
has been filed for probate by his at
torney. B. F. Lelghton. It was exe
cuted In August last, a few weeks be
fore his death, and. outside of a few
small bequests, leaves everything to
DEPUTIES ON GUARD
'AT WORKERS' TRIAL
Armed Mon Patrol'Strects' In Lake
Charles as Timber Case
Is Opened. ,
LAKE CIIARLEB, La., Oct. 7. Armed
deputies patrolled the streets here today
when the trial of twenty-two members
of the Brotherhood of Timber Workers?
charged with murder In connection with
fatal rioting durlngalabor troubles last
July, began In, district cpurt. ,
A '"union holiday" was declared
throughout the State for today and rep
resentatives of various unions .came
here. The "defense committee" sent
out Invitations to come to Lake Charles
and show "that organized labor is
Two hundred witnesses. Including fif
teen Burns Uetactlvta, were on hand at
the opening of jwurt
Five men were killed In a fight be
tween union and non-union lumber1
workers at the Galloway Lumber Com
pany's plant on July 17.
The M-R Arch System
for filing Orders and
SAVES TIME AND WORRY
You can combine your order,
correspondence and catalog filing
In one Sectional Cabinet as illustrated.
Esch Arch File Drawer has a
capacity of COO letters and the
Catalog drawers will hold 12G
Catalogs of average size.
Arch file drawers accommodate
papers S inches wide by 12 Inches
long up to Inches wide by Hhi
You can refer to any paper filed
on the Arch without removing
it. bv slmDlv turnlns- over the
top papers; the letter or orde-
you are interested in la placed
on top. The paper may be easily
removed by opening- the Arch.
Tke above Illustrated Sectloaal
FIIImk Cablaet, furnished la light
r dark Goldea Oak or COQ Eft
Mahegany for 3&iJ,0J
The system at once combines
neatness, easy reference and
durability with the commendable
feature of making possible the
expansion ot- the system by add
ing a 3 or 9 drawer section as
11th &H Sts. N.W.
Gas and Electric Light Bills can be paid at any of our Banks.
Receipts are given. We stay open for this purpose on the 10th,
or last discount day, each month until 5 p. m.
rich people, but get rich yourself, save
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exercise good judgment.
We Pay 3 Compound Interest ea Sayings Accounts.
Home Savings Bank
7th St and Mass. Ave.'N. W.
7th & H Sts. N. E. 436 7th St. S. W.
I I li I ,-" " '-'
That ,sel I . v
' L J l-JL I ii.
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$300 CASH, Balance Monthly
6, 7 and 8 Room Houses
Hardwood Finish Throughout
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Come out any time. Open and lighted until 9 o'clock p. m.
H. R. Howenstein Co.
1314 F Street N. W.
To Report World's
Series For The Times
'T'HE tremendous interest in
'the work of he Washington
baseball team during the sea
son just closing convinced -The
Tirries'the Washington baseball
readers would demand and
appreciate the best possible ser
vice that could be had in the
covering of the World's Series
games in New York and Boston.
It was no ; sooner convinced
of this facttiian it set about to
make this service possible, and
negotiations have been con
cluded which assure a service
so remarkable for ability, and
variety that it has never been
equaled in covering a .sporting
The Times' World's Series Staff
The Nationals' giemier pjtehcrvwill, write every,
day his impression of the garnet from the pitch
ers'' standpoint -Exclusive in The Timet.
"Senator" . '
The Times' baseball editor will write an analyti
cal story of the game and point out the vital
plays and misplays. Exclusive in The Tunes.
The Times' baseball paragrapher whose column
has been a daily feature will write of the series
in his' usual entertaining fashion Exclusive in
( The best-Jcpown newspaper poet in the world
ancTa dyed-in-thfr-wool.fan will tell df the games
in "verse Exclusive in The Times.
One of the Saturday Evening Post's greatest
t humorists will get all the fun there is out of
' the series Exclusive in The Times.
Edward Lyell Fox
One of the greatest writers of baseball maga
zine stories will write a daily descriptive story
of the scenes at the big games Exclusive in
THE Times Baseball Extras,
issued the minute the game
is ended, will give every detail
of the game up to the end. The
stories of the games will be
COMPLETE and will cover the
last innings in detail, play by
play. In order to assure readers
of The Times Baseball Extras the
quickest and best service TWO
SPECIAL WIRES will lead from
the playing field in Boston or
New York direct to The Times
office and will be devoted exclu
sively to sending The Times
special reports. Full box scores
will be a feature ,of The Times
Extras as last year. You won't
get the best if you don't get The