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THE WASHINGTON TIMES, MONDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1912.
" p "-- J
t Published Kvcrr Evenlnr In the Tar at
THB MtXNSHTT BUILDING
Pcnna. Ave., botwcen 13th and Ht'h Bis.
FRANK A. MUN3EY,
P. A. WALKER,
SUBgClUPTION KATES I)T MAIL.
X mo. I mac noi.
ntllT ind Hund 10.11) ULH tL7l
- , . ... ...... -- .--
Sunday anly 1
. k DAILT. I SUNDAY.
T.U1 (Tom. 8pt. H1J.... !.UJ,t04 Tout rroat. S.pU 11 HUM
Avtraca iroar, Stpt. Ill J.. MI I Avarasa groai, 8pt. 1IU.. tt,01
TotaLntt. Bapt. 1911 M?,tio Total net, Bapt. llll.i 1M.11
Avtraca art. Bapt. lilt... U,W Avaraaa net. Sept. 1111.... tl.al
I aoltmnljr swear that tha accompanjrlnc statement rapreaents
the circulation ut Tbt Washington Tlmta as dttaltod. and that tha
net fliurr represent,, all returns eliminated, tha number of capias
of Tha Tlmaa which are told, delivered, furntehed, or mallad to
bona Ada purchasers or subscribers. FRED A. WALKEn,
j Oanaral Manager.
Dlatrlet of Columbia, aai
Bubacrlbad and sworn to before ma thla flret dar of Octobar,
A, r. nit , thomas c. wiLiaa.
Sal.) ' Notary Public
MONDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1012.
A WORTHY EXAMPLE.
The building at Sheridan Circle by the German
government of an official residence for the German
ambassador to Washington will furnish a striking ex
ample of what this country ought to do in the foreign
capitals where its representatives are sent.
a O. P. PROSPERITY.
Mr. Taft has spoken and traveled little
nis campaign prospers. The Tribune.
Prospers to the exact extent that he will not lose
fifty-eight States for the single reason that in the
Union there are only forty-eight for him to lose.
THE RAYNER-COCKRAN DEBATE.
The English language is due tonight for one of
the most severer tests it ever had- when the Rayner
Cockran joint debate takes place at Baltimore. It
will, however, with all its verbal pyrotechnics, be an
occasion where two champions of conflicting .candi
dates will each present the arguments for his favorite
in the ablest manner. The meeting should be of
great value to the public as well as a rare oppor
tunity to hear two great orators.
NEW FACTORY LAWS.
There is some satisfaction in knowing, in the
middle of the hurrah and roar of the campaign, that
something has actually been accomplished in the
cause of industrial justice.
While the fight for more humane factory laws
continues to be material for campaign issues, within
(he last week the State of New York has begun 'to
have a law which reduces the working hours and im
proves the conditions of labor for more than 375,000
women and children.
Thus out of the. tragedy of Washington place,
New York, has come this late acknowledgment in the
law of the conditions revealed by that fire. The public
agitation roused by the sacrifice of those hundred
women, directed by sustained inquiries and protests,
is now beginning to bear fruit in legislation. .
By the new law every woman and girl and every
boy under eighteen who works in a 'factory in New
York is limited to fifty-four hours of labor a week,
and the safety of all factory employes is further
safeguarded by prescribed fire regulations, backed
up by regular inspection and registry of all factories
in the State.
steel schedule rates as of fundamental importance.
Ask them whether they would expect the same wages
if their empl6ycrs were forced to cut the price of
steel by $6 per ton. Ask them whether they are
prepared'to be driven that extra bit which employers
hard put by foreign competition would exact from
them in hours or effort. '
' ' This is the' economic phase of the problem of
these men who work twelve hours a day and seven
days in the week. It is all that Governor Wilson
seems to see. There is also a humanitarian phase
a phase into which enters the question of society's
and the Government's responsibility for the welfare
of the individual.
Despite his sympathetic picture, labor is in Gov
ernor Wilson's program a commodity in which the
Government must not be permitted to take any exi
cept an economic interest. The question as to
whether an employer shall work his men eight or ten
or sixteen hours a day; whether there shall be two
shifts or three in continuous twenty-four-hour indus
tries; whether wages, hours, and conditions of labor
shall be given publicity; whether the sick, the.invol
untarily unemployed, the aged, shall be protected
from want; whether the mothers and future mothers
of the country shall be forced to waste their vitality
at starvation wages thece is nothing vital in this
issue. It is something that can be left to the mercy
of the employer and the want-driven work-seeker for
The tariff is the only issue of this campaign 1 As
between Republican and Democrat this is true. This
wornout, threadbare issue is all that is left them to
dispute about. But by grace of the common instinct
of charity, good faith to one's fellow and social re
sponsibility that is inherent in the American people
a newer, higher issue than this has been placed be
fore the public. If Governor Wilson refuses to see
it, it is because, like many other schoolmasters, he
dare not abandon the old textbook that he knows by
A REMARKABLE VIEW OF TAFTS MIND
NEW YORK'S ONLY HOPE.
The, shooting of "Big Jack" Zelig, the chief of
the gunmen concerned in the murder of Rosenthal,
is the latest development in New York's remarkable
police scandal. Zelig was expected to be one of the
most important witnesses against Police (Lieutenant
Becker, whose trial for complicity in the murder of
Rosenthal begins tomorrow.
There seems no other logical reason for yester
day's cold-blooded murder than that the defense of
the accused official was so threatened by the pros
pective testimony of Zelig that it was deemed worth
the risk involved in putting him securely out of the
way. It is on the other hand almost inconceivable
that any man however depraved could be found will
ing to take the risks involved simply for the sake of
protecting Becker from one source of danger. But
whatever the "inside" of this latest crime may be it
is another evidence that New York city, more than
any other city in the country, is in need of a house
cleaning which can never be accomplished by political
bosses and city pfficials chosen and dictated by them.
It police department under Waldo has been shown
to be unutterably corrupt. Under Waldo's successor,
if he be the choice of the bosses, it is likely to be
worse instead .of better. No city, no State, no gov
ernment of any sort, big or little, has any hope under
the boss system. New York's salvation requires the
end of boss rule.
OVZEJIR, T'iHIIE. ROPES
THE STEEL WORKERS' PROBLEM.
Commenting on President Taft's assertion that
the election of a Democratic President and Demo
cratic Congress "would mean four years of rainy
days," Governor Wilson asks this pertinent question:
'What kind of days are those that aro enjoyed by
some ot the employes of the overshadowing steel mo
nopoly who have to work aoven days In the week, twelve
hours every one ot the seven, and ennnbt, when the 365
weary dayB have passed and a yoar Is told, find their
bills paid or their little families properly sustained?
Are they waiting for rainy days?
The curious thing about the question is that when
Governor Wilson asked it he had in mind only the
trust and the high cost of living. The latter he would
reduce by lowering the tariff; the former he would
destroy by the same means; and as these are the two
greatest evils he can find on the political surface, he
proclaims the tariff to be the biggest issue in the
present campaign. The fact that, whether the tariff
on steel is retained or taken off, these men will con
tinue to work twelve hours a day and seven days a
week, and that not alone in the shadow of the steel
monopoly but in every independent steel mill as well
the same labor conditions obtain this is something
which Governor Wilson overlooks.
Ask any! of these toilers whether they regard the
Among all the expressions that President Taft has
emitted, by way of airing his fears of majorities
his distrust, in other words, of the American system
of government none has been more remarkable than
that which he sets down in his interview published
today. After some observations on Colonel Roose
velt, the President proceeds:
Mr. Roosevelt and his followers in their tendency
would do away completely with tho Constitution
framed br the fathara of thn ranuhlli nnd aiihntltiitn tnr
It the British form of constitution, which Is no consti
tution at all, but merely a tradition. They would wholly
destroy all constitutional limitations and restrictions,
and replaco them with the unchecked will and emotions
ot a bare majority of the people. They would make the
Congress a permanent constitutional convention, sub
ject only to the momentary whim of a baro majority ot
the people that they themselves could control, and their
program would place that control In tho hands of the
That would be a monstrous form or despotism that
quickly would utterly destroy our liberties and lead to
tho establishment of a monarchy probably by a refer
endum to the people themselves. ' )
Therein is set forth pretty accurately the Taft
attitude of mind. Mr. Taft fears the people, does not
believe in their political equality, believes in a su
perior class that ought to govern. For, if he regards
the majority as certain to be a despotism, he must
assume that a minority is the alternative; and no
minority is entitled to be trusted, as against a ma
jority, unless it is peculiarly superior.
That, of course, is an utterly un-American doc
trine. President Taft undoubtedly is sincere in his
belief in what he says. His distrust of majorities
has been proved in many ways.
He proved it by his vetoes of the tariff and the
Commerce Court 'legislation, passed by huge major
ities of Congress.
He proved it again by his seizure of the Chicago
nomination, for which he was supported by only a
minority and opposed by a majority.
He has proved it still more recently, by throwing
off the national committeemen named for it by large
majorities, and substituting others who represented
These various performances demonstrate Mr.
Taft's candor in condemning majorities. They prove
his preference for majorities. Do the people like
that sort of minority rule? Do they believe it is
calculated to save, or is saving, our institutions? Do
they believe that institutions which justify that sort
of thing are deserving of salvation?
Mr. Taft is fearful of anything like the British
form of responsible government. Mr. Wilson on
the other hand is strongly in favor of just that sys
tem. Mr. Roosevelt stands for the American constitu
tional system. He would have neither the machine
made minority rule that Mr. Taft prefers and exer
cises, nbr on the other hand would he subject the
country to the sudden mutations and cataclysmic
about-facings which are unavoidable under the Brit
ish system. He would have stability together with
responsiveness and responsibility.
President Taft's distrust of majorities is exactly
the reason for majorities' distrust of him. How
deep-seated is that feeling he will understand when
he peruses the returns from the coming election.
-r '''m0m?mBmmm r. wn sitr
People You May Not Know Facts You May Not Have Heard
Nobody seems to know Just why
or how it happened, but there Is a
little place In Michigan called
Romeo. It may be that It was be
cause there is another place called
Juliet. There Is always a Romeo
for overy Juliet.
Dut It was not romance, poetry,
drama, or comedy that mado Romoo,
Mich., famous, and it wasn't some
thing that you draw out of a keg and
that foams when you pour it in a
Romeo, Mich., has the honor of
having presented to the world Ed
ward Dana Durand.
Edward Is Uncle Sam's numerical
secretary. Every time the train of
national progress pauses at the do
cennlal station to take on a fresh
supply of hot air and gas, Ed counts
the children to see that they are all
on board. It's getting so that It
takes Ed and his army ot assistants
such a time to count up the folks
aboard with all tho pieces of bag
gage and things, that the train is
slowing down for the next stop be'
fore he Is through.
Is a Good Counter.
And yet the young man from
Romeo Is one ot the best counters in
What's on the Program in
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EDWARD DANA DURAND.
WORKING OUT THE PARCELS POST.
Government officials are engaged in the gratify
ing business of investigating some practical method
by which the parcels post can be made to bring the
consumer and the farmer into closer communication.
No sensible person expects to see the parcels
post solve the problem of the high cost of living;
but there is reason to believe that if the postman
can call at the farmer's door and carry certain sorts
of produce directly to the housewife in the city
these two will find a way to do business. If they
do, it ought to be helpful to those who make such
an arrangement. T
It will take time to work out the possibilities of
the parcels post, bujt as the scope of the project is
studied the more reason there is to anticipate gqod
The foltowlngMasonlc organizations will
meet tonight Lodges: Potomac, No.
i, 12. A.; llenjamln B. French. No. 15,
K A.; Anacostla, -No. 21, business;
Pentalpha, No. 23, business; Mt. Pleas
ant, No. J3, M. M. Knights Templar,
Orient Commandery, No. 5, business.
Uastern Star: Ruth cnapier. r;o. i.
The following I. O. O. F. organliatlons
rill meet tonight Lodges: Langdon.
No. 26. visitation; Covenant. No. 13.
Union, No. l; Deacon, No. 15, busl-,
ness. Itubckah Degree Esther lxidge.
The following K. of P. lodsea will meet
tonight: Equal, No. li; Amaranth,
No. 23: Century. No. SO
Meeting of Osage Tribe. No. . I. O. II.
M., Fifth and Q streets northwest. to
Meeting ot the Democratic Central
Committee of the District. Lewis Hall.
1502 Fourteenth street northwest, 8
Concert by xhe United States Soldiers
Home Band, bandstand, 4 p. m.
Meeting of the Itoosevelt and Jolinson
Club, Cabin John. 8 p. m.
"Old-fashioned house-warming" by the
-Washington Ad Club, Southern bulld-
Meet'lnix of the board of directors of
the Board of Trade, 4:15 p. m.
"German Day" celebration by tho
United German Societies of the Dls-
t-U. aaanvarhllllrl fruit, tniltaht.
WVekiy meeting of tho Central Labor
Union, Typograpnicai icmiiio, iumh
G street northwest. 8 p. m.
Monthly meeting of the North" Wash-
lngton uuizens Association, parisn
hall, Church of tho Advent, Second
and U streets northwest, 8 pm.
Natlonal-"The Littlest Rebel," 8:13
Columbia "The nose Mpld," 8,16 p. m,
Belasco Anette Kellerniana, 8:15 p. m.
Chase's-Pollte Vaudeville, 2.15 and 8:15
Poll's Vaudeville, 2 and 8 p. m,
Academy "A Fool There Was," S:15
Majestic Musical Stock Company, 2
and 8 p. m.
Lyceum "Miss Now York, Jr.," 2:15
and 8:15 p. m.
Oajety "Social MoIJb," 2.13 and 8:15
the country. Counting people and
things has always been his business.
He tried law, but when he realized
that counting his clients might be
too light a Job, he decided to become
a school teacher. This offered bet
tor opportunity to count.
But thero was a turning point In
his life as Hiero Is In almost every
life. A man on the way to the
brewery to get a job aa a fireman and
work his way up to the presidency
of the National Brewers' Associa
tion may have 'bis hat blown off In
the mud, walk across the street to
dry It at a shoo cobbler's stove, and,
being late for tho firing Job may be
come musical director In a female
One never can tell.
Then the Turning Point.
The turning point came In Direc
tor Durand's llfo after he had passed
the dead-lino almost nnd soon would
have become a confirmed pedagogue.
Ho thought ho ought to toach eco
nomics. That was his specialty. He
was headed In the right direction,
but It was not Intended that his light
Should be hid undor a bushel.
Prof. J. W. Jcnks, teacher of eco
nomicB at Cornell and president ot
the American Economic Association,
recognized Durand's special ability
and made him assistant secretary to
tho association. This was enough. It
turned tho Boy from Romeo Into his
proper channel. Then ho began to
A llttlo later ho was made editor
ot tho United States Industrial Com
mission and later its secretary.
Here he was able to toy with prac
tical, nation-wide economics to his
More Expert Counting. ,
In 1902 bo was employed by the
Census Bureau as a special expert
on street railways and electric light
plants. On this Job he demonstrated
his ability to count things. He
counted everything but the knocked
down fares and runaway kilometres.
After counting everything that
could be Identified and counted In
these two Industrial lines ho was
transferred to the Bureau of Cor
porations, where he did somo more
expert counting and Investigation.
Edward Dana Durand possesses
two distinguishing characteristics
that fit him peculiarly for the posi
tion of Director of the Bureau of
the Census. Ono is his rage for
The other is his suave diplomacy,
his ability to turn down even a
United States Senator with so much
grace and tenderness that the Sena
tor departs from tho benign pres
once with a comfortable feeling that
he has won, when he has really lost
Tells Them Frankly.
It Is not Intended to be conveyed
here that Durand deceives his appli
cant or the influential friend of the
applicant for a position under tho
bureau. Ho tells him frankly that
thero Is nothing doing, but ho docs
It in such a way that the applicant
goos away feeling that he had rather
bo turned down In that way than to
get the job. The turn-down Is so
pleasant that Congressmen and Sen
ators who have once experienced
the Joy of it aro believed to have
gone so tar as to hatch up Imaginary
applicants for places' among their
constituents so as to again experl-
tlons to local horsedom recorded to
this date this season.
Watklns, despite his youth, has
ridden the leading Mf,h jumping
horses ot this country and'England.
He ingratiated himself into th
hearts of American horsemen by
winning the blue ribbon in the high
jumping clasa at five of the princi
pal foreign shows, taking the first
prize at tho Dublin show twice, and
at the London show three consecu
tive times. The boy he can hardly
be called a man yet, unless Judged
by his "horse" exncrlenco at that
time owned the famous high jumper,
Dublin, and It was with this horse
that he captured the five "blues" from
tho Britishers. Watklns is in Wash
ington to make tho city his home he
soys, because he believes It Is going
to be a great city for aristocratic
equlncs. In other words he believes
the horse game Is growing In fat or
in Washington. Watklns Is associ
ated with Dr. Ferneyhough, and has
under his supervision a string of
horses which have already made
their' name in the local show rings
and a number of "green" equtnes
which will probably be heard from
later In the Beason.
Mrs. Nannie O. McConvllle, of 148
U street northwest. Is the proud pos
sessor ot an unusual night-blooming
cereus, that is of Interest to botan
ists and flower lovers. This plant Is
exceptional In the fact that a bloom
Is apt to spring forth from it at any
hour of the night BotanlBts claim
that the plant will bloom only be
tween tho hours ot 9 and 11 p. m. A
bloom came forth upon Mrs. Mc
Convlllo's plant after 6 o'clock on
tho morning of October 1, qnd others
have appeared just as unexpectedly.
Mrs. McConvllle's cereus has
once the excruciating happiness oftwoivo bloomB. But few of them
being turned down by Director
The Census Bureau probably em
ploys more people direct without re
course to tho civil service ex
amination than any other bureau
of the - Government. Hundreds ot
special employes aro appointed for
work In tho field and overy Congress
man and Senator has a long list of
constituents who desire those places.
Many ot these peoplo aro employed
for special purposes and tor short
terms for such work as taking
special census of cropB, cotton gin
"Conjurs" the Horses.
Ho Is known ns a horseman and
can reifdlly hypnotlzo almost any
oqulno brought near him. According
to the "darky" hostlers at Dr. Fer
neyhough's stables, Twentieth street
and Pennsylvania avenue northwest',
he "conjurs horses with his eyes."
The "ho" In question Is twenty-year-old
Goode Watklns, of Durham, N.
C, one of the most Important addl-
have come out between the ortho
dox hours, establishing Its rarity.
Like the cereus of Mrs. Marie
Smith, ot 1813 Columbia road, this
ono Is attracting many visitors, who
wish to see tho flower In full bloom.
By the U. S. Soldiers' Home Band,
Bandstand at 4 o'clock.
JOHN S. M. ZIMMERMANN.
March, "The Flag of Victory,"
Overturo, "Robesplerro" Lltolff
Solo for Euphonium, "Auld Lang
(MUBlclan Gaetano Glove.)
Selection, "Cavellerla Rustlcana,"
Characteristic, "The Lizard and
the Frog" Mores
Excerpts from "Bright Eyes,"
Finale, "King Over Alt" Scouton
"The Star-Spangled lianne.."