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Yeeterday'i CircuUtion, 38,804.
WASHINGTON, FRIDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 29, 1012.
PBIOE ONE CENT.
ON PEACE PLAN
War to Be Over In Two
Days, Says Belgrade
Sultan to keep
fealgariay Strong in Favor of End
top the Hoe
LONDON. Wot. M The Turkish
Aaf Balkan alllaa' peaee representa
tives have agreed upon tense, ac
cording to an unoonflrmed but cred
ited report from Belgrade today.
, The message sutes that Turkey Is
2 retain the ChataUa line of defense,
e allies harlng Anally agreed to
Peace within two days is predict
ed, following two meetings of the
peace delegates. Premier Gueehoff
declared that negotiations were pro.
greasing satisfactorily and today
there came the report of an agree
ment Peace in Sight.
Tn government circlet it Is generally
believed that peace Is In eight and that
all formalities will have beer rcluded
within the next few hours.
Bulgaria haa evinced a
spirit and thla lends credence
from the war center that nor
Meet No KesUtance.
The Servians, ignoring the Droclima-
tlon of Albanian Independence, have
occupied the port of Durasio without
reiletance. The Austrian Lloyd eteamer
Qraf Wurmbrand left Immediately with
Durasio la tbi
be port, on the .Adriatic
ahall not hold.
to retain &mt
Thus the conflict la now raleed la
acute form between Auitrla and Bervia,
and It remain to be eeen whether the
Austrian f overnment will take any dl-
raci Mcuon or win da pnntint tn ,
we quesuon ior tne aner-the-war set
tlement. It la reported from Rome that a ro
vlelonel Albanian government haa been
constituted at Avlona by eighty Alban
Want Europeaa War.
LONDON, Nov. 2.-Vlgorous efforte
were made In various quarters today to
reawaken the general European war
scare. Undoubtedly there are certain
Interests which want the public to be
lieve a widespread conflict Imminent.
There are some which actually want
Having once regained Ha reason, bow
ever, the public was not easy to drive
into a fresh paroxysm. Even the Ser
vian selsure of the Adriatic port of
Durasso, which Austria has warned the
Belgrade government It cannot keep,
failed to create much a flutter.
Neither was there any serious ex
citement over the war talk In the Rus
sian duma. For one thing. It was
known that the Kaiser has convinced
the Ciar that It will not be to Russia's
Interest to fight. The Russian ruler
might be forced Into It If his people
unitedly demand hostilities, but It was
not believed that they do.
1 Action of Archduke.
Archduke Francis of Austria was
also given credit for urging a call
to arms. "Cmperor Francis Joseph
opposes It, however, and the composure
with which the Austrian government
received the news of the Servian oc
cupation of Durazio convinced diplo
mats here that the Kmperor cannot be
coerced and that the Auatro-Servlan
problem will Anally be solved for peace
No definite answer has yet been re
ceived to the proposition from foreign
minister of Kngland, air Edward Orey,
for a meeting of ambassadors to dis
cuss the European situation, but It was
generaly believed that the powers will
accept the,, plan within the next few
Call It Revolution.
BERLIN,, Nov, 2. "A revolution,"
was the characterlsaUon given by
diplomats here today of the Turkish
cabinet's decision yesterday to abro
gate the constitution. ...... . .
It was understood that the Imperial
Irade putting the decision Into effect
has not yet been Issued, but this is a
mere formality and official information
Indicated that It may be expected at
Tho general opinion here was that
thero will be small resistance to the
overturning Of the constltuUonat re
time. The masses never favored It, and
the Young Turks' mismanagement con
:J:.i ..9riv nil of its orlsinal sun-
porters, except a few officeholders, that
It Is a form of government unsulted to
"WEATHER REPORT. "
VmMi!AHT l'OR THE DI8TRICT.
Fair tonight and Saturday; tempera
ture tonight about 88 degrees.
U. 8. BUREAU.
R a. m JJ
9 a. ni
10 u. m ;
11 a. m J'
12 noon JJ
1 p. m.i y
2 p. m
8 at m
9 a. ii
10 a. m
11 a. m
1 p. m
2 p. ni
TIDE TABLE .
Today High tide. 11 . a. m. and 11:55
p. m.: low tide, 5:48 a. m. and 5 .64 p. m.
Tomorrow-High tide. :M e, m.i low
tide, 6.41 a. m. nnd 7 .03 p. m.
... S.67 Sun sets.
For Rayner's Seat
XXXxSasasasasasasjs); WVu. 7" v i
8TATJC SENATOR BLAIR IBS.
BY MAI SYLVESTER
Unique System Would Re
duce Petty Burglary to
A system of apartment house twtroll
Ing, unique in that It never haa been
experimented with In thlx country, nnd
which will reduce crlmec of burglar,
house-breaking and the like to a mini
mum. Is to be established In Washing
ton. Major Sylvester, Superintendent
of the Metropolitan Police Department,
and president of tho International Asso
ciation of Police Chiefs, today -in
nouneed that aa soon ns apartment
house owners are willing to co-operate
with bis department, the new system
win be inaugurated.
Occupants of apartment house, by
the new telephonic system, will bo fbrm
the greitekt possible police protectt ,(
. The plan is to hate a police telephone
Installed In every apartment house in
tne District, provided the owner" or tne
buildings are agreetable and willing to
aid the police. The apartment houses
will then be regarded as regular police
teiepnone stations, and tne patrolmen
will-"turn In" from them at regular in
tervals during the day and night, Just
as they do now from the telephone pa
trol boxes on the street corners.
In department Stores and other large
business houses It Is planned to Install
eminclatora. a mechanical device sim
ilar to a time-clock, on which can be
made a permanent record of the time
the patrolman wns at tho store.
Should Minimise Petty Thieving.
The plan Is a unique one, and so
far aa Is known has never been tried
in any other city. Many business places
are now guarded by special policemen
or private watchmen who make regu
lar rounds during the night, but no
such protection Is given apartment
The major believes that when It be
comes known that the apartment houses
are visited practically every hour of the
day and night by a policeman the sneak
thieves wbo have been persistently rob
bing apartments will have but little op
gortunlty to ply their trade. He also
elleves such a system will have a
.good moral effect against petty thieving
In these buildings.
Under present conditions robberlns in
apartment houses present a situation
with which the police nnd it difficult to
cope. The main doors of most apart
ment houses are left unlocked twenty
four hours a day, and In buildings
where there Is no elevator, any one Is
free to enter and roam about tho coi
rldora on the different floors. The
thieves ascertain that no one Is at homo
by ringing the door bell and then force
open the door. They attract no atten
tion In anterinar the bulldlnc. are care
ful tit nvnM Htetlnn htf other occu
pants, and practically the only way of
apprehending them is y tracink tne
More Work for Patrolmen.
No effort will be made to put the sys
tem In operation In buildings where the
owners are not In heartv accord with
the plan, in buildings where the police
telephones are Installed, the patrolmen
will call In to the station house prob
ably as often as once every two hours.
day and night. A complete record will
be kept at ,the station houses of these
calls, just as a record Is now kept of
calls from the patrol boxes, and failure
to telephone In at regular Intervals will
be regarded as neglect of duty.
The plan will undoubtedly put con
siderable more work on the patrolmen,
as on some beats there are as many as
fifteen or twenty apartment houses.
In the business sections enunclators
will only be Installed In such places as
conditions would seem to Indicate the
necessity of more than the regular polce
protection or supervision during the
night. They would not be Installed, or
course. In business places where a spe
cial force of night watchmen In on duty.
The apartment house plan Is said to
have met with the approval of sexeral
owners of such buildings who have
heard of It.
The details for carrying out the two
schemes have not been perfect as yet.
An effort Is now being made to ascer
tain What percentage of apartment
house owners and bnslnexs men desire
such protection for their buildings and
what arrangements they are willing to
make relative to the Installation of
telephones and enunclators, as this
would Involve more or less expense.
Popular Resorts In the Southland, In
eluding Ashevllle, The Land of the 8ky,
IDia, Augusta, Amen, nummer mo.
Charleston, Savannah, Honda. Cuba,
Nassau, New Orleans, beat reached by
Southern rutlwuy. Consult AgentH, 703
utn at. ana w j
F St. N. W.-Advt.
PATROL IS PUNNED
BLAIR LEE IS
State Senator Wants Place
in United States Up
TERM TO BE FILLED
BY A REPUBLICAN
Democrat Will Seek Office at Ex
piration of Unexpired
Sonator Blair Loo, of Montgomery
county, Maryland, will be a candi
date for the Senate to succeed Sena
tor Rayner, according to advlcea
Governor Ooldsborough will ap
point a Republican, who will hold
until the legislature meets In 1914.
An election for the term ending
March 8, 1917. will then be held.
Other names mentioned Include
those of Isaao Lobe Straus, .W. Ca
bell Bruce and former Governor
Senator Lee is known aa one of the
Progressive Democrats of the 8tate.
Lee Keeps Silent.
Although State Senator Blair Lee de
clined to discuss the United States Sen
atorial situation today. It was stated by
his close friends that within the next
few days he will announce his candidacy
to succeed Senator Rayner for the short
term, and will begin his right before the
Democratic voters of the Bute.
Several das ago Senator Lee's frlenda
predicted that he would enter the pri
maries against Senator John Walter
Smith for the long term, but It la
aerted that recent developments have
caused a change In bis plana. What
these developments were Senator Lee's
friends refuse to state, but organise
tlon politicians argue that since the
death of Senator Rayner Mr. Lee baa
been looking over the altuatlon and
discussing conditions with a number of
the county leaders who aided him in
nis gubernatorial right last year.
He found, the politicians say. many of
these, especially on the Eastern Shore,
who, though they supported him for
governor, pledged to Senator Smith. For
this reason organisation men believe
that Mr. Lee regards his chances for
the ahort term as better.
Governorship His Goal
This argument Is strongly combatted
by Senator Lee's friends, who say that
If he wanted the long term he would
not resltate to light Senator Smith,
even If defeat stared him tn the face.
The real ambition of Senator Lee, they
add, Is to be governor of Maryland, and
he proposes to make this nshl In 1815.
If he carries the primaries and la elect
ed by the legislature for the short term.
ne wouia Decomea Senator In Jan
uary, 1914, and could serve nearly two
years during the Administration of
President-elect Wilson. In 1115 he could
make hta fight for governor and If
nominated and elected could resign as
a Senator and as governor appoint a
man. who would serve until the leg
islature of 1I1S elected his successor.
wno would completely round out Sen
ator Rayner's term, which exnlrea
March I. 117.
As a member of the United States
senate. Mr. Lees friends declare, ha
could ably assist the new President In
redeeming the planks In the Democratic
platform and carrying out Democratic
policies as advocated by Governor Wll
son, with which Senator Lee Is thor
oughly In sympathy. Aa a Senator the
Montgomery county Democrat would
also play an Important part In the dis
tribution of Maryland patronage and
could help to reward some of his friends.
GUARD MAIL BOXES
Police Afraid Women Will
More Acid Upon
LONDON, Nov. 29. A policeman stood
guard over every letter box In London
today on the alert for fresh suffragette
attempts to destroy more mall by pour
ing acid Into the boxen.
Persons with letters to mall were sub
jected to close scrutiny and If their be
havior was In the sllghtost degree sus
picious, had to convince the police that
the inclosures were harmless. It was
said the mall destroyed yesterday In
cluded letters containing monty.
The suffragettes gave warning that
they will renew their campaign the mo
ment the police, who are seriously han
dicapped In their regular duties by tho
necessity tor watching tho mall boxeB,
relax tneir vigilance,
Get Several Thousands
WINNIPEG, Manitoba, Nov. . Four
masked yeggmen held up two clerks In
the Canadian Northern railway freight
offlco at Edmonton, Alberta, early to
m,mwt kl.-. t nh.nlnln MVar.1
L thousand dollars.
URGES OPEN MR
TO AID PUPILS
Weight and Length Increase
With Free Access to
MORTALITY RATE IN
DISTRICT IS LOW
War on Tuberculosis Is Aided by
Inspection of Dairy
Statistics of a remarkable nature,
ahowlng that District school children
quartered In the "open-air" sections
of the public schools during the laat
year have gained both in weight and
stature at a proportionate rate much
higher than their companions lo
cated Indoors, are Inoluded In the
annual report of ''Dr. William C.
Woodward, District Health Officer,
Dr. Woodward recommends to
Congress, through the District Com
missioners, that "open-air" schools
be established throughout the entire
District, pointing to the Improve
ment of the physical conditions of
the students in the ones now oper
ated. The health conditions of the city
in general, Dr. Woodward shows in
his report, are gradually Improving,
which Is resulting in Washington be
ing the most healthful city in the
Mortality Rate Low.
The general mortality rate for the
satire population during the fiscal year
ended June so waa the lowest eve re
corded In the DIstrieL qdt of a..(otai
population of SHAW, 'the fanner ef
deaths recorded waa (,30sT in of the
decendent being white and 2JM colored.
The number of deaths the preceding
year out of a population of JJ7.T7S waa
S.304, and for 1110, with a population of
Directing attention to the Improve
ment In the physical condition of the
pupils In the open air class at the Blake
and Seaton schools. Dr. Woodbury
urges the establishment of a sstem of
open air schools covering the entire
District. The average gain In weight
for the pupils who remained In the out
door class at the Blake school for the
entire vear was 7.2 pounds and the aver
age gain In height 1 S3 Inches. The boys
gained an average of 4.13 pounds per
pupil and the girls an average of 9.65
per pupil. The pupils at the Seaton
school made an average gain In weight
In weight for the boys was 4.47 pounds
and tor tne gins .& pounas.
Milk Supply Improved.
Referring to the efforts of the de
partment to improve the milk supply,
the report saya;
"Tho Health Department haa laboied
long and earnestly to educate producers
and dealers In milk as to the signifi
cance of high bacterologlcal counts, and
the preience of colon bacclll, and has
Instructed them aa to the methoda
necessary to reduce to a minimum
bacterial contaminations of all kinds. Its
efforts, however, seemingly, have been
In vain. Recently, therefore, the de
partment haa brought prosecutions
against some of the most flagrant of
fenders. In one case a pie of guilty
was entered and a fine of 10 was Im
posed. In another case the conviction
was obtained after a trial, and a fine
of $2S was Imposed. In a third case,
the defendant waa found guilty after
due trial, but he raa carried his iase to
II1G LVUfl Ml Aliped.", .v a. ,
penaing. Ana, unioriunsitiy, me raci
that this case Is now pending haa pre
vented the trial of any other eases In
the Police Court, notwithstanding the
defendant waa convicted In that court In
tho case apptaiea. x
War On Tuberculosis.
One of the most Important features
of the work of the bacteriological lab
oratory has been the weeding out of
dairy herds Infected by tuberculosis.
During the year, the product of twenty-
two herds was subjected to the bac
teriological examination, and In eight
Instances, according to the report, it
waa found to contain living igStlent
tubercle bacilli. The producer's license
waa suspended or revoked In each In
stance, with the understanding that It
would not be reinstated until the free
dom of the herd from tuberculosis had
been estaollsnea oy tne tuoercunn test.
Criticism Is again offered of the fish
wharf at Eleventh and Water streets,
which, notwithstanding It la owned by
the United States Government and con
trolled by the District, la declared by
the Health Officer to be "the moat un
sanitary establishment In the District
of Columbia for the preparation of food
for sale." Suggestion Is made also that
Improvements be made In oome of the
public markets and more liberal ap
propriations for the construction and
maintenance of the fish wharf and mar
kets belonging to the District are urged.
Attention Is directed to the flv cam
paign and the work of the clean city
committee, as the result of which m'l
lions of files were destroyed and tn
enormous amount of refuse, that other
wine would have escaped observation,
found and removed.
Need Larger Found Force.
A larger pound force, the Health Of
ficer says, will be necessary to property
enforce the Commlagtoners' regu!atln
to Impound all unmuxxled dogs and til
cats running at large.
TO KILLING BOYS
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OIL LAMP LXPLQDES
Afit RECLUSE DIES
IN RESULTING FIRE
Mur.der Theory Not Entirely
.Abandoned by Brook
NE WYORK. Nov. . The discover
today that fln exploding oil lamp set
Am a th annSlM fnm muLrtment
recluse and paralytic, of Brookln, was
found deed from smoke, caused Fire
Marshal Brophy to coriclude that the
woman's death was an accident.
The police were reluctant to aban
don the theory of murder and continued
their Investigation, but no arrest was
' Kerosene On Clothing.
With a Thanksgiving turkey on the
stove before her, Miss Fredericks was
discovered dead from smoke, after flro
of unknown origin had partly destroyed
the three miserable and dirty little
rooms where she lived over a barber
shop In the midst of valuable real es
tate ahe owned on lioyt street, urooa
lyn. The death of tho aged recluse, known
as the "millionaire cripple of HOyt
street," at first was thought to have
been accidental, but detectives got busy
end t races of kerosene were found on
the unburned garments oi me woman.
About the time the suspicious kerosene
stains were found, Antonio Oreckento,
a barber, who occupied a part of the
house and waa Injured In the lire, laid
claim to the entire estate of Miss Fred
ericks, said to be worth S500.000. She
owned an entire block on Hot street
and other real estate. The barber said
she mode a recent will, leaving him all
Barber Her Agent.
Halt a century ago Octavla Freder
icks, then a young girl, came to Brook
lyn from France with her mother, Ce
celia, her sister, Emelle, and her
brother. Alphonse. Twenty-flve years
ago, Alphonse died, and the mother and
sister went to San Diego, Cal., after
quarreling with Octavla.
ine narDcr Yau aiih rreuvnu noie
agent He collected her rents, bought
her supplies, and tiansacted all her
LOSS IS $100,000
Firemen Have Hard Time
Check Flames in
RICHMOND, Va., Nov. 29 -Fire of
undetermined origin today gutted the
four-storY brick warehouse of E. A.
Saunders Sons Company, wholesale
grocers. The loss will reach f 100,000.
The firemen hud hard work to pre
vent flames from spreading through the
jobbing and manufacturing district.
PAYS HIGH TRIBUTE
Bestows Fifth Order of
Crown Degree oh Red
The Fifth Order of Crown has been
bestowed upon Miss Mabel Uoardman.
of the executive board of the American
national Red Cross, by the Emperor
of Japan, In recognition of her actle
work to advance the work of the so
clety. Information of the bestowal of this
honor, which has never before been ac
corded to an American woman, came
to the President through Count Matsu
kata, the president of the Japanese Red
Cross. The bestowal of the order, nom
inally by the Emperor of Japan was
actuated by the dowager empress. The
dowager empress has taken great In
terest In Red Cross work and last year
established a fund of 150,000, the Inter
est on which is to be devoted to re
warding those who perform notable
acts In the interest of peace.
Miss Boardman has been a noted
figure In Red Croas work tor some time
but It Is believed that especial attention
waa directed to her through her resolu
tions of thanks, introduced at the tai
International Red Cross Conference,
held In Washington In May. Miss
Boardman's resolution waa Immediately
adopted and Information was cabled a;
once o tne aowager empress.
Tho order betsowed I reserved for
women and waa established during the
relsn of the late Emoorer Mutauhlto II
Tne Insignia lns.su of a blue and orange
ribbon from wnlcn is suspended a tie:
oration comprising a blue enamel cen
ter surrounded by gold roses. On tho
blue enamel background la a miniature
representation oi tne aowager empress s
Miss Boardman received the notifica
tion herself several days ago. Official
announcement of the conferring of tho
decoration was made at the White
SEEK LOST NIECE
N OF PIANO MAKER
Detectives Think Man of Mystery
Can Solve Prob
lem. NEW YORK, Nov. 2). The entire de
tective force today was looking for a
well-dreseed man of mystery, In hope
of solving the sudden disappearance of
fifteen-year-old Marian Ege, favorite
niece of Jacob Doll, millionaire piano
After telling her uncle and her sister,
Mrs. Antone Herrnum. about a middle
aged man of good appeuranco who had
followed her persistently on the streets
for aivoral dayn, tho girl went from
her home Tuesday for a walk, and did
The family exhausted every private
means to And her before the pollen
were notified, and It wan said that Doll
would spend his fortune If necessary
to And Miss Ege, wbo Is an orphan.
"Hell of Life Since I Lured
Syrian Lad to Death,"
Accused Murderer Breaks Down
aa He Tells of Slaying
BUFFALO, N. Y., Nov. 29. J.
Frank HIckey, of Qulncy, Mass.. re
cently arrested In New Jersey has
confessed to the murder of seven-year-old
Joseph Josephs, of Lacka
wanna, the crime of which, he stands
Indicted. He has also confessed to the
murder of Michael Kruck, the young
New York newsboy, ten years ago.
The confessions came as the re
sult of a conference by District At
torney Dudley with the man, and
were made public by the county
prosecutor shortly after noon today.
Tells Story Of Crime
Calmly and deliberately, HIckey told
the story of his crimes. He related the
facts leading up to them with the con
summate sangfroid of an archfiend and
the face of a child, but when he came
to the actual tale of the committing of
th- murdir he broke down and wept.
"Drink, drink, that's what caused my
downfall," exclaimed the man as his
frame shook with sobs. "I've stood It
a long aa I could, but I've got to con
fess. Oh, that hell of life that has been
mine since that time, when late In the
afternoon of October 12, I lured that
little Syrian lad to his awful death.
"Yes, I wrote the postcards. I wrote
them mostly when I was drunk. I
drank to try and get away from my
remorse, and for a time It seemed that
I would forget It. But In these spells
I used to become conscience stricken,
though In a different manner, and write
the cards, telling of my state or mind '
"I experience the most poignant
pangs of remorse, after I had killed
the little New York newsboy, but whan
I strangled the Uttlo osephs lad, to
satisfy the demands of my terrible lust,
while In a state of Intoxication, 1 went
nearly crasy with remorse.
"I was near to suicide many times,
but sowehow I alna)s clung to life with
a sort of hope that sometime that some-
wnere I wouia be able to (orget, but all
to no purpose
"Now I am readr to take the entire
quences of my terrible acts. I m ready
10 pay me penalty wmen society will
Joseph Josephs, aged seven years, son
of a Syrian merchant In Lackawanna,
disappeared on October 15. 1311. He
was last seen In a candy store that aft
ernoon. The father believed the child
had been kidnapped, but no offer of
police or private detectles could bring
to light a clue to the boy. Rewards
were offered In vain.
Body Found In Outhouse.
No ember 16 last the child's maagled
body was found In the vault of an out
house near a saloon on the Ridge road,
tn Lackawanna. The search of the po
lice to that spot had been directed by
the receipt of postcards and letters
from some unknown writer from New
York and Boston at different times dur
lmr Auruit. Sentember. and October.
The writer In his notes declared that
he had outraged the child, had slain
him, and then had thrown the body into
an outhouse In Lackawanna. In sev
eral notes he declared that he had
nan killed two other children
and had attempted to strangle
children and had attempted to strangle
a dosen others. None of these post
cards was taken vory seriously, though
Police Chief Roy Qllson. of Lacka
wanna. Imestlgated as well aa he could.
But tho writer mentioned no definite
place In his rambling communications
until he sent a postcard from New
York city dated November 12.
In this he directed the authorities to
search the closet. This was done, and
the bones of the child were recovered.
Photographs of the postcards appeared
In newspapers, and were recognized as
the handwriting of HIckey, who had
been employed In Lnckawauna and Buf
falo. These clues were followed up and
led to tho arrest of HIckey In Whltlug,
N. J whither he had gone from New
York to take treatment In the Inebriates'
Hospital at Keswick.
The killing of Michael Kruck occurred
In Central Park. New York city. In lifO'J.
HIckey was arrested at tho time In an
Intoxicated condition In Buffalo and In
his delirium accused himself of killing
Kruck, but later dented knowledge of
the murder and was discharged for
lack of evidence .
Suspected Of Woman's Murder.
HIckey Is also suspected of murdering
Mrs. Carrie C. Turner In Lukenood, N.
Y., last April.
The police have established the (act
that Hlckev was In Lakewood on the
day that Mrs. Carrie Turner was mur
dered, and It Is believed that HIckey
killed her also In one of the freniles.
HIckey -will be tried In Buffalo for the
murder of the Josephs boy, after which.
If he escapes tho death chair, he nil!
probably bo brought back to New York
for trial on the charge of murdering
NORTH TO FICHT
Majority in Demcoratic
' House Find They Are
LIKELY TO REVIVE
OLD MHOO COMBINE"
Members of Ways and Means
Board Under Pressure to Di
v vide Up Plums.
By J. C. WSLUVBS.
Recollect the famous old "hot;
combine" that organised the House
of Representatives back In 1885,
grabbed off the patronage of the
body, and distributed the pie to suit
Well, there are mutteringe of "hog
combine No. 2," to take charge of
the House after March 4 next
Nobody seems to have taken the
trouble to look up the figures, but
It Is a fact that the new House will
have more Northern than Southeru
Democrats. The Northerners want
some of the jobs; want them badly,
too. They point out that aa the
House Is now organized, almost all
the juicy plums are In control of
the South. The Northern members
come from districts that need en
couragement. The Southern mem
bers, on the other hand, have no oc
casion to worry about aueh details.
May Ignore South.
Consequently It Is urged that tho
South ought not to be permlted to taks
all the good things, when they can't do
any political good In the South. They
ought to be given to the North, where
they will help enlist Influences power
ful In getting needed votes two and
four years hence.
The way It was done back In 1SK was
The outgoing Congress had been Dem
ocratlc. The Incoming House was Re
publican. 24S to 104. Tom Reed was con
ceeded the Speakership: nobody waa op
posing him for it seriously. The ques
tion was about distributing the House
Jobs. There was no chance to get up a
light over the committee assignment!),
because In those medieval times tlic
Idea of having committees mads in any
other way than by grace and favor of
the Speaker, had not occurred to any
body. The Speaker was not only con
ceded to be the exsr. but his divine
right of rule was unquestioned.
The Cannon erowd In Illinois wsntoit
Oen. Thomas J. Henderson made clerk
of the House. Henderson had been
twenty years a member of the House,
and was popular with the membei"
The Cannon forces took him up, and
around his candidacy tried to organize
a slate of patronage that should log
roll enough votes Into their camp to
control the caucus. v
Plan Of Campaign.
Governor Stone of Pennsylvania, War
ren B. Hooker, of New York, now a
member of the supreme bench of thut
State; Joe Babcock of Wisconsin, Jim
Tawney of Minnesota, and some others,
decided to tnsurge. They couldn't see
the Cannon-Henderson plan even wlt'i
strong msgntfylng glasses. Casting
about, they pitched upon Alexander Mc
Dowell, of Pennsylvania, as their candi
date for clerk. He, like Henderson, wai
a retiring member, and needed the job.
Pennslvanla's big delegation waa
pulled In for McDowell. A New Yorkei,
Glenn, was taken on for doorkeepei,
and another big delegation lined up.
Then Ohio was given the postmastei.
Michigan got the chaplain Dr. Couden,
who has served ever since and other
good things were distributed where the
would do the most good. The Hender
son people woke up' one nice crisp
morning to discover that they had bun
outflgkred and outmaneuvered. Thev
started a roar about the "hog combine,"
but It didn't get far, because It waa ton
apparent they had Intended to be the
"hog combine" themselves, but hadn't
plaed their cards fast enough.
Today, a "hog combine" would have
aatly more plunder to dicker about.
There Is a Speaker to elect, though no
bod v ventures suggestion of opposition
to Mr. Clark. But the Speakership Is
not so Important as It once was. Tho
House elects, now, the Ways and Means
Committee, which makes up the com
mittee list of the House; and there la
a ast deal of earnest conversation
about some basic rearrangements. Tho
fterann from the Northern stutes, es
pecially, feel that their section ought
to get together, prepare a bill of rights,
and Insist on being awarded some of
Rumor has it that no less person
than John J. Fltsgerald, of New York,
chairman of Appropriations, Is giving
amiable car to suggestions of a North
ern foiay for some of the pickings Mr.
Fitzgerald la some politician himself,
and he would be backed by the huge
Democratic delegation from New York,
Therf Illinois has twenty Democrats,
Indiana has thirteen, Ohio has nineteen,
and so on.
South In the Saddle.
The Southern Democrats have ac
cumulated, naturally enough, about all
the good committee chairmanships.
They were the veterans when the psrty
carried the House two years ago, and,
moreover, In the comparatively moder
ate majorltyt with whloh the party
came Into control of the House at that
tlm). the wero In easy control or the
Here Is ths basis of Northern com
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