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title: 'The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, December 02, 1912, LAST EDITION, Image 1',
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t 74 .
Wxt Wellington Cime
?omi TAts Afternoon
Yesterday's Circulation, 42,768'
WASHINGTON, MONDAY EVENING, DECEMBEB 2. 1912.
FBIOE ONE OB NT.
GAVEL'S ECHO IS
HERALD OF END
IN BOTH HOUSES
Sixty-Second Session Starts Its List Hear-
. Ing of Public Affairs With '
ONLY FORMAL. BUSINESS
IN RESPECT TO THE DEAD
IS HELD ILLEGAL BY
High Tribunal Orders Dissolution of South
ern Pacific. Union Pacific and "Salt
Lake" Railroad Monopoly.
ORGANIZATION BY "WIZARD"
I CONTRARY TO SHERMAN LAW
Picture Taken in House Today As Prayer Was Being Offered
'IT"' Bjr THXODORB TILtXK.
Vhe sharp echo of a gavel in the Houie and Senate at high noon to
day heralded the beginning of the end of the Sixty-second Congress, stilled
th conversation of noarly four hundred members of the National Legisla
ture and the galleries above, and was the signal for prayer that an Al
mighty may guide the deliberations of men who have returned to make
laws for 90,000,000 people.
Out of respect to those whose names have been transferred, during the
recess, to the roll call of the Beyond, only formal business was transacted
today. Both houses adjourned after the opening routine.
The fall of gavels In the two branches of Congress today was signifi
cant In more ways than one, and a note of regret ran through subsequent
proceedings. Many of the "Old Guard" were passing, friendships and as
sociations of years were In process of dissolution, and a party which for
four Administrations has had control of the Government was hearing Its
death knell for a time.
Scenes in House
Spite of Mourning
Despite these Influences the scene
In the House, particularly, were spec
tacular, almost Inspiring. Ovations were
continuous. Speaker Champ Clark re
ceived a tribute of which any public
official may be proud. Representative
"Bill" Suiter, govci nor-elect of New
York, was accorded a (treat send-oft
and so was Representative "Jim" Cox,
governor-elect of Ohio.
Governor-elect Robinson, oc Ohio, was
not present at the opening, and so
missed the plaudits of hi colleague.
Uncle Joe" Cannon, In defeat, re
ceived an ovation In which every man
In the House and hundreds In the gal
leries Joined. When the name of "Itnclc
Joe" was reached on the roll call, the
applause was deafening, and the old
Republican warhorae was plainly grati
fied by a tribute which removed u part
of the sting of political oblivion.
Quorum Is Present.
On the roll coll 27S of the 394 mem
bers of tho House answered to their
names and the Speaker declared a
quorum to be present. The roll call
proceeded under difficulties becau
of the excitement Incident to open
ing day and the Speaker was forced
to rap occasionally the new sounding
board built Into his desk during the
Folowlng tho roll call, a committee
consisting of Congressmen Underwood,
Mann, and Johnson of Kentucky was
named to notlfv the President that Con
gress had convened, and was ready for
any communication he mav wish to
make. The President's annual mesbage
wll come to Congress Tomorrow. The
House notification committee will ac
company a similar committee appointed
by the Senate.
Shortly after 1 o'clock a messenger
from the Senate brought the formal
notice of the recent deaths of Vice
President Sherman und Senators Hey
burn and Rayner, and tho House ad
journed out of respect to them and also
to Us own dead.
Four new members were sworn In to
day to fill vacancies caused either by
death or resignations. An hie Hart
succeeds Congressman Hughes of New
Jersey, who Is elected to the senate;
Louis L. Morgan, successor of late
Congressman Wlckllffc f Louisiana;
George C. Scott was sworn In us tho
successor of the late Congressman Hub
bard of Iowa, and E. A. Merrill, tnkes
the chair mad vacant bv the death of
Flood of New Bills.
X flood of new bills descended Into
- i.r,.r rinrlnir the hour the House
was in session, among them be ng one
by Congrt ssman Do Forest of New
York proposing to pension former Pres
idents $2,000 n month. Mr. l)c Forest
also asked a pension for the widows
and minor chlldicn of former Presl-
'The crush about tho House galleries
was so great today that special cards of
admittance were Issued by Door Keeper
joe Slnnott. and no ono was admitted
in the gullcrltn unless he possesses the
coveted paste boaids. Capitol pol ccmen
held up the crowd on the lower floor of
the building, after the galleries had been
lammed full. The daughter of former
Bpmakcr Cannon was "held up." but was
(Continued on bccohq i-age.;
Rain this afternoon and tonight; Tues,
... 1 A fc. I 1' ill Ull'i IJItlt 4kt 4 t
U. S. BUREAU,
8 a, 111 41
a. m 47
10 a. m V
11 a, m CJ
12 noon '
1 p. m CO
2 p. m 03
S a. m.
9 a. m
10 a. m
11 a. m
1 p. m
I p. m
Today High tide. : o. m and 5:3 n
m. Low tide, 8:42 a. m. and 9:20 P. in.
Tomorrow-High tide. 3.03 n. p- and
3:85 p. m. Low tide, 9:40 a. m. and 10 :4.
... n. . UT V
Sun rise 7:00 I Sun set 4:38
I WEATHER REPORT.
Brief Because of
The Senate session today was as brief
a the formalities would allow, owing
to the fact that the traditional require
ments called for almost Immediate ad
journment out of respect to thoso who
had died In recess.
After a brief session, lasting twenty
three minutes, the Senate adjourned, to
meet at 11 o'clock tomorrow, when the
message of the President will be read.
Senator Root today announced the
death of Vice, President Sherman. Sena
tor Borah announced the death of his
colleague,' Senator Heyburn, and Sena
tor John Walter Smith announced tho
death of Senator. Rayner.
The usual resolution were adopted In
honor of tho memory of these three
strong figures of tho Senate. Many ex
pressions of reizret wprn hpnnl fni mk
pf them. Without regard to party or
faction, Senators Jiad many kindly
things to tay of the late Vice President,
who was liked and esteemed by all for
his personal qualities.
The galleries were well filled, many
handsomely gowned women being pres
ent. The session was called to older
by Senator Bacon and prayer was of
fered by the chaplain, the Rev. U. G.
The roll call showed sixty-six Senators
present. Senator Smoot announced the
Illness of his colleague. Senator Suther
land. Senator Penrose announced the
Illness of Senator Oliver, and Senator
Curtis announced the Illness of 8enutor
Bradley of Kentucky.
On motion of Senator Galllnger tho
usual resolution was adopted to notify
the House that the Senate was In ses
sion. Senators Cullom and Martin were
named under the usual resolution to art
with a like committee of tho House in
notifying the President that Congress
had assembled and was ready to re
ceive any communications ho might
have to make,
A resolution was ndnpted fixing 11
o'clock tomorrow as the time of meetlnc
owlpg to the fact that the message of
the President will be receled and read
before the Archbald trial Is taken up.
The announcements of deaths followed
and the Senate then adjourned.
BRYAN MUST ENTER
CABINET, SAYS MACK
Declares "Peace Envoy and Pa
triotic American Citizen" Can
not Fail to Accept Call.
Bt'FFALO. N. Y.. Dec. 2 "Wllltttn
Jennings Bryan cannot fall to accept
the rail which the country assumes is
to come to him from President-designate
Wilson," says Norman E. Mack, in
a leading editorial In the cut rent Issuo
"f the National Monthly.
Mr. Mack icfors to the Xebraskan "
a "peace nvoy In an era of peace, and
it iiatrlntlc American citizen."
The Uuffa'o editor Is national commit
teeman fmm New- York, where It was
riported there would he opposition to
the suggestion of llrvan for the position
of Kecietarv of state In the Wilson
IN ROCKVILLE, MB.
HACEttSTOWN, Md , Pec. J -Norman
Uiuce McCleary, Ind'rted for the
murder of Mrs. Nannie B. Henry,
mother of his sweetheart, Miss Lupith
C. Heiiiy, will bo tried at Itockvllle,
MontKUiover ccuintv, .Mil
In an affidavit tiled with Judge Keedy,
McCleary, who was uirestid In Wash
ington Inst August, declined thut bo
did not belle-vc re could get n lii
partial trlnl at Hagerstnwn, and asked
for a removal of the case. Judge Keedy,
after consulting with McClcaiy's attor
neys, ordertd, the casu removed to
Tho mualer of Mrs Henry and the
subsequent urrcst of McCleuiy In
Washlnjflon, wheio he hod followed
Miss kfenry with the alleged Intention
of kJfliig her unless she would consent
to jSMtrry him, was one of thu biggest
ssfliutlonu HagerBtown had known in
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RjbI vsr 9ihmhI aSisssEniBJBsssssssHfsEiHl.1 em&&mw fMUmtmUMlKtm
bi M:lHiKrFPil'vlHnssMilSll mspMUnfKNBM
EjSkKBBBH fBnP" lMl'''''i' i Au- ' ' sSSSHaBSSBSSSSSSSSBM'sWSSSWlBSa2lBSSSlBBSS
i;ISJBBJVjKw1 fW7IPlCTV'f JSV?T1BBM VjBBKBB!BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBnBBlBBB
sH-'rlvaBsi " fffrftstP rtfA m? ft ',?lMWltsswlwsWjsy!MJsl
Liberal Democrats See Tam
many's Hand in Move to
By JUDSON C. WELLIVER.
The "with Incidental protection"
Democrats seem to have put over tho
first one on the plain "tailff for rev
enue" Democrats. As a result, there
wcie murmurs of war In the lobbies
of tho House several hours before
the (javcl's fall announced that Con
gress was In session.
The so-called "Ballov element" In
tho Texiis delegation has lined up
most of the d legation in support of
John N. Oarr.er for the Lone Star
3tate'u place on the Ways and Means
Committee, now held bv Congressman
Rondell. But the particular Texan
who Is looked upon as the Congros
rlonul spokesman of Woolrow WIl
eon, has allowed It to be known, and
announced In the Texas newsiiapris,
that he will not suppoit Mr darner.
Which Is quite T-noiigh causation to
have Texas by the ears, and tho rest
of the Pemcicr.itVagitutcd profoundly.
Mr. Ourner, It was explained by a
prominent Democrat today. Is a Uemo
ciat of the 'sort that has a perfectly
good voting record, generally speaking,
but Is looked upon as leaning toward
the preservation of special Interests
when It copies to ipaklng tariff sched
ules. Theie Is a "little Louisiana" In his
dlstrlU-a cine sugir Industry that needs
protection likewise ho Is regarded us
the Bpeclal protector of the hide anU
cattle Industry in tariff matter. Ho he
doesn't look good to the "for-revenuc- i
onl" Democrats, nnd the' prospects ofJ
his going on Ways and Means causes
Unions of the possibility of a fluke In
Tammany Is Taking Hand.
The prospect of Ourner for Wa and
Means would not be so worrisome to
I th; liberals If it were not for ominous
1 lepotts that T.imman Is mixing In
matters. It Is whispered today that the
( hugo New York State delegation is gel
ling ready to- support Qarner, and that
In return former Congressman llyan, of
Buffalo, Tammany's particular fuvorlte.
Is to have Texas support for sergeant-at-uims
of tho House. Ryan Is a popu
lar man, widely acquainted -with the
old-line Democrats. He wus a member
of the House, several ycais, and two
cars ago was tho Tammany candi
date for sergeant-at-arms. The Indluna
delegation bucked Stoked Jackson for
the place, and 'bv dint of some excellent
and very fast- political footwork, out
maneuored tho New Yorkers and land
ed JacliBon. Now Tammany is out for
Hi i. n aguln, und Is detei mined to put
him through at any cost. Incidentally.
Tnnimunj is ery mild on the taiifl. It
turned the trick four years ago that
saed Cannon und hltt rules, and Demo
ciuts a ro wondeilng If It Is now getting
nudj to make a big coup bv going In
with the conservative Democrats on the
tailff and miWiih control of the House
organization to that element.
The Ourner Incident served to stir up
an Immense amount of threatening con.
versatlon today. If Tammany really
Is going to ally Itself with the old-line
Southern element that Is so completely
In tho saddle of the House organization,
the talk of a Northern combination to
wrest some of the big committee places
from the old forces will bo all moon
(Contlnued on Second Page.)
FRIENDS TAKE PART
IN LAST RITES FOR
Body of Merchant Prince
Buried in Oak Hill Beside
Grave of Wife.
The last rite for Alvln Mason Lo
throp, whose death last Saturday re
moved one of the best-known merchant
of Washington from the city business
circles, were held at 2 o'clock tills af
ternoon at the First Congregational
Church, and the body was burled in
Oak Hill Cemetery beside that of hi
wife, who passed away some yiurs ago,
Thu edifice was filled with business
and social friend of Mr. Lothrop, al
though the Chamber of Commerce,
Boi.nl of Trade, the Mayflower Society,
und the Masonic fraternity were rot
represented bv delegates, owing to the
wfsh of tho family. Employes of the
firm of Woodward & Lothrop, especi
ally the older guard, who have been
with tho concern since It was estab.lsh.
ed, thirty-two year ago, were present
to pay the laat tribute to the deceased.
A simple, unaffected eulogy was de
livered by the pastor of the church, the
Rev. Samuel W. Woodrow, on the l.fo
and character of Mr. Lothrop. "A
broad-minded, whole-souled, sunny
hearted man has been taken from his
earthly labors to his heavenly reward "
he said. "It la not easv to fill ills place
In tlie business, philanthropic, or
church life of tho city, and It Is still
harder to fill his place In tho heart of
the many who knew und loved him.
"His generosity is known to all. Ev
ery cause which made an appeal to hlni
was certain of his financial support.
His Jov In life came from hi love of
life unit of every living thing. He loved
flowers, and rejoiced In their beauty
n."!l. fragrance. He loved to look upon
fields of growing grain und orchard of
ripening fruit. Thl Joy In every living
thing seemed a suitable preparation for
the deep love he bore to neighbor,
friend, and family."
Prayer was offered b the Rev. F. N.
Newman, pastor of tho church for
many years, and now president of How
ard University. The quartot of the
church choir sang several appropriate
hymns and the sen-ice was concluded.
The honorary pallbearer weie John
Joy Edson, A. 8. Fox, K. H. Parker,
John It. Lamer, Prof, Cummlng of
Howard University, Col. John Teasdnle,
Col. Joseph Truosdale, A. B. Brown,
Ocn. Ellis Spcarc, W. K. Cooper and
tleorgo Joseph Smith. The active poll
henrcr were W. W. Everett, second
vice president of the Woodward &
Lothrop Company; O. M, Everett, sec
retary of tho company: Max Fischer,
treasuier of the company; Gus Louis.
J. N. Hurdlng. and F. E. Mack.
PLEADS NOT GUILTY
J. Frank Hickey Will Stand Trial
on Alleged Murder
BUFFALO. N. Y.. Dec. 2.-On an In
dictment charging first degree murder,
J. Frank Hickey, self-confessed slayer
of hoys, was arraigned before Justice
Hrown In criminal branch of supreme
court today and a formal plea of not
guilty was entered.
justice Urown set Monday, December
18, as date for Hickey' trial.
SIGNED BY ARIES
Truce Is Agreed to Covering
Whole of European
The New York Bun publishes today
the following cable dispatches from It
special correspondent In the lialkan
CONSTANTINOPLE The Turkish
plenipotentiaries and the representative
of the allies have signed an armistice
of fourteen day yesterday afternoon.
Tho armlss are to remain In their
present position during these fourteen
The besieged town are to be revle
The armistice cover the whole of
Term Kept Secret.
LONDON. Dec. I An armistice a
signed yesterday by the plenipotenti
aries of Bulgaria and Turkey at the
neutral town of Baghchetsh, near the
Chataldja line. The armistice I to
last for fourteen day.
Although 40 far the exact term of
the preliminary peace agreement have
not been announced. It 1 pretty gen
erally known what they are.
The allies, according to a Sofia dis
patch, will demand that Turkey pay a
war Indemnity of 1:40.000.000.
The arm.stlce stipulates that the gar
rison of Adiianople and Scutari shall
receive dally ration sufficient for euch
day during the cessation of hostilities.
The new that the Adrtanople garrison
was included tn me agreement came
as a surprise, and the concession by I
the Buirar Is taken to mean that they
genuinely desire to arrange a lasting
peace as oulckly a possible.
Although Adrtanople la close pressed
by her besiegers, whose tronche are
within a few hundred yards of her
outer fortifications, and although the
Bulgar are continent that tney couia
have worn the garrison Into surrender,
even If they failed to rout the stubborn
defender by storm, the fact that the
uuigarlan were ready to maxe so lib
eral a concession is taken by dlpioma
tlsts as a sign that the allies and the
Turk are agreed upon one thing, and
that Is that they must each yield a
little rather man nave any outsiue
interference. The plenipotentiaries at
Baghchetsh have Impressed upon one
another the fact that It will he to the
loss of both sides If tho Powers step
In a mediators now.
They know that a movement ha been
started for the establishment of a dip
lomatic clearing houso composed of th
ambassadors of tho powers, which will
exchange views on the Balkan situation,
and they know that no treaty can be
signed without .some consultation with
the powers, but the general feeling
among those who are making an end
to a historic war In little Baghchetsh Is
that the longer they put off the day
of going to the powers the better for
their own interests. . .
And a pence looms up at Tchataldja,
so too there dies out tho talk of trouble
between Austria nnd Bervia over on
Albanian seaport und Albanian affairs
generally. It Is thought that eventually
after matters at the front have quieted
arrvin uin consent to giving un I)u-
razzo, tho mnln cause of all the war
aii .nil utll nccent somn other town
In lieu of tho ono she occupied ta Att-
A provisional government In Albania
with Ismlal Kemal Bey, n Musselman
a head and a Catholic vice president,
Is one of the Interesting developments
of tho driving of the Tuik from that
province. An Albanian flig hn been
raised nnd Albania no neciareit Her
self to be a neutral state under the
protection of tho powers, although any
such declaration In such a country at
thl time can mean but little.
-Photo by a. V. Busk.
ROBS FIVE OF
Holds Up Victims in Differ
ent Sections at Point
Armed with a large caliber revolver
and carrying an electric "dark lantern"
In hi other hand, a masked burglar, re
garded aa one of the boldest who ever
operated In Washington, entered five
boarding houses In the central part of
the 'city early today, awakened the oc
cupant, and, at the point of a gun,
compelled them to reveal the hiding
place of their money. Ho also made
an unsuccessful attempt to get Into an
The man' daring, and the reckless
way In which he went about the Jobs,
accompanied by the fact that ho u
trembling and appeared almost as nerv
ous as hi victims, lead detective who
are working on the case to believe that
the hold-ups and attempted hold-up
were the work of a young man who was
making hi first plunge in a career of
The burglar showed that he had had
some of the training If not the Instinct
of a gentleman, for when he had robbed
the room of two show girl at KV4
Thirteenth street northwest, he thanked
them for the money he had taken, and
oven went so far aa to shake hands
with one of the girls.
Besides the house at tti&W Thirteenth
street, he got Into the following' place:
Tenth and Grant place northwest, 'J09
Thirteenth street. 1301 K street, and
1343 L street.
Entering the room of Miss Dorothy
Detweller and Mis Jane Karney, who
(Continued on Second Page.)
JUDGE W. H. DE LACY
CALLS ON PRESIDENT
Said to Have Better Chance of
Retaining Position in
Judge W. H. Do Lacy, of the Juve
nile Court, called on President Taft.
today, met Attorney doneral Wicker
sham, nnd went with him to the De
partment of Justice. It Is understood
that Judge Do Lacy now stands a bet
ter chanco of appointment If he cun
clear up some of the charges that have
been mado against him by local at
torneys. It is understood that Attorney Gen
eral Wtrkersham would llko to see
Stanley Finch, of the Bureau of In
vestigations, appointed to this place.
Finch, It Is expected, will go out of
offlco with other Department of Ju
tlco officials on March 4.
Evervbodv Ii Thinking About the Pan.
ama Canal. Now at Its most Interesting
and Instructive stage. Bost reached by
Southern Unllwnv tluougli New Orleans.
thence by steamer. Consult agents, 705
Uth St. ana vx a- a. n. w. auvi.
Declaring illegal the Harriman railroad and shipping
monopoly, the Supreme Court today sustained the Govern
ment's "trust-busting" suit by ordering dissolved the mer?
ger of the Southern Pacific, Union Pacific, and "Salt Lake"
"Wizard" Harriman's monument of railroad and Pa
cific Coast shipping combines was held illegal and a gross
violation of the Sherman anti-trust law.
The high court emphatically refused to invoke its "rule,
of reason" laid down in the Standard Oil and Tobacco trust
cases, to approve the railroad combine. The merger was de
clared "unreasonably" in restraint of trade.
Ownership by the Harriman "Rail trust" of 45 per
cent of all Southern Pacific stock is declared illegal and
roundly disapproved by the court:
OWNERSHIP OF "RAIL TRUST" ILLEGAL.
The Interest of the Harriman interest tn the Atchison, Topeka and
Santa Fe and the "Salt Lake" railroad was held not Illegal.
The decision was unanimous, Justice Van Devanter taking- no part.
The court directed the circuit court of Utah, to take charge of the dis
solution of interests ot the Southern Pacific stock by the Union Pacific.
Presentation of the plans to the Supreme Court of the TJnlted States
within three months is ordered.
WORK THAT MADE
Railroad Circles Had Ex
pected Supreme Court
Would Sustain Merger.
With one stroke of Its Judicial pen
the Supreme Court ha undone the work
that earned for Edward 11. Harriman
world-wide recognition a the Napoleon
of business In his generation.
It I almost Impossible to realise what the
dissolution of IheHarrlman mergermeans.
8lnce the Circuit Court decided In favor
of the combination, the feeling ha bo
come firmly established In railroad and
financial circle that the Supreme Court
would sustain that decision. But the
Supreme Court' "economic mind" ha
been swinging toward the anti-monopoly
side of these questions ever since Mr.
Chief Justice White ascended to the
primacy of the bench.
The Union Pacific was a broken down
railroad, running from Omaha to no
where, when the genius of Harriman
seized it, rehabilitated It, captured the
Oregon Short line, Oregon Railway and
Navigation, and finally the Southern
Pacific. Colli P. Huntington had kept
the Union Pacific In a position of sub
jugation. It was the sorrow and the
despair of the House of Gould for many
Harriman Wrought Changes.
Harriman turned matter upside
down: he bought control of the South
ern Pacific, In the name of Union Pa
cific, and then seized big Interests tn
the only competing road left In the
southern belt, the Atchison. Ho wrest
ed control of the Los Angeles, Ban Pe
dro, and Salt Lake from Senator, Clark,
and seemed well started In the way of
dominating the entire tram-Mlialsslppl
Then he came Into conflict with Hill
and Morgan. They were after the
Northern Pacific, and Harriman aw
that he must have 11. The two great
Interests fought to a draw. The Hill
Morgan crowd got the Northern Pacific
as ti result of the Supreme Court's de
cision of the Northern Securities cuso.
but Harriman made a vast volume of
profits out of the rise In Northern Pa
cific .md Great Northern stockb alter
Will Force Readjustment.
Today tho "Harriman System" Is re
garded as Including the roads that have
been named and the Illinois Central,
Tho dissolution of Union Pacific control
of Suuthern Pacific will doubtless force
a general readjustment,
But tho very thing that Is huppenlng
today to Union Pacific, happened a dco
ndo bbo to Northern Securities. Tho
Hill-Morgan Interests nominally lost,
actually retained, their hold on North
em Pacific. Without much doubt
Judging by experience In tho Noithern
Securities, Standard Oil .and other anti
trust cascst he dissolution of the
Union Paclllo comb'natlon wll be ef
faKtpil without seriously Interfering with
I the common control and operation of all
History of Combine Suit.
The ftofenrifttita In th. nl d. Id.
Union Pacific, Oregon Short Line, Ore
gon Railroad and Navigation Company,
San Pedro. Los Angtlos and Salt Lake,
Atchison. TODeka and Ruli P. anmh.
em Pacific, Northern Pacific, and Great
northern railroad; the Farmer' Loan
and Trust Company of New York, and
the following Individuals: E. H. Harri
man, Jacob H. Schlff, Otto H. Kuhn.
of Kuhn, Loeb & Co.; James SUltraan,
H. H. Roger. Henry C. Prick, former
Senator William A. Clark, and Preal
dent Robert 8. Lovett, of the Union
Pacific. Harriman and Rodger died
while tho litigation waa pending.
in eDruary, ISO, the Government
filed It dissolution milt. In the Federal
circuit court, which, at Salt Lake City,
about two years ago, dismissed the en
tire protecutlon. The vote of the low
er court waa three to one. Judge Hook,
of Kama, dissenting. Every conten
tion of the Government was denied.
The principal finding of the lower court
WM J."? tne Union Pacific and South
ern Pacific were not competing line
before the merger, and that, therefore,
their combination waa not In violation
of the antl-truat law.
Object of Merger.
The Northern Pacific and Great
Northern railroads merely were nomi
nal defendant, the Government alleg
ing Harriman and his conspirators tried
to "gobble up" those road In 1901 by
buying a majority of Northern Padfle
stock to obtain control of the "Burling
ton" feeder of the Northern Pacific. la
Its "Northern securities," decision, the
Supreme Court held void the Northern
Grossly Increased rates, prevention ol
.mi.nukitwii i iion urftnun lines, ana
"sensible" deterioration of service were
the three principal evil cited by the
Government a a result of the combine.
Throttling of the Panama canal tiado.
through the Pacific coast and Gulf ol
Mexico shipping lines controlled hy tin
Southern Pacific, was another evil al.
leged. "Great rigor" In enforcing the
law, because of the few Western rail
roads In control of transcontinental
traffic, was pleaded for.
Got 475.COO Shares.
It was alleged that Harriman bought
475.000 share of Southern Pacific stock
In 1901 from Edwin Hawley and holis ol
Collls P. Huntington, father of tho "a
P.," through Kuhn, Loeb & Compuny
On February 4, 1901, Kuhn, Loeb 4
Company sold 750,000 share of "S P."
stock. Including Harriman's block, tc
tho Union Pacific railroad, which Im
mediately Issued $100,000,000 worth ol
bonds to pay for the stock. It wis sn!4
the brokers got 12.000.000 rommlsMoa
Of the bond Issue, 10,000 000 nas Tor tin
"8. P." stock, and $60,000,000 for th
Northern Pacific stock, It I alleged.
In 1910, the Union Pacific paid tlo.ono.O'V
(Continued on Becond Page.)
IN CONGRESS TODAY.
Senate meets at noon for the begin.
nlng of the last session ot Sixty.
Adourncd after brief formalities ou(
of respect to memory of Vice Piesl.
dent Sherman and Senators Heybum
Hearing on question ot taking ovci
House met at noon.
Onlv routine business, including calllni
of the roll, was conducted.
Adjournment taken shortly after
o'clock out of respect to members o
House and Senate who died durlnj