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THE WASHINGTON TIMES. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1912.
xc Washington l&mfi
PUBLISHED KVEKT EVENING IN THE YBAn.
1 'I lit KV BUILDING PBNNNYl.t AM VK.
Washington, P. C, Wednesday, December 4, 1913
t'ubllit-ed by Th. Washlnston Tlm.i Company, Muneer HulMlnf.
I'cnnrjlonla avenue, between Thirteenth and Fourteenth atraela.
VtaiMtWnn, I), c : Frank A. Munaey, Prenldant. 171 Fifth avs
Hue. Jew Vers, N V.s Wm T. Iiewart. Vine Prealdent. 1TJ Ktflh
avenue, New Vork, N. V . Fred A. Walker, Treasurer ami Cleit
ernl MdnJaer. lluntey HulMlna. Wranlnstnn. 1'. ('.; K. II. Tlther-
Jngmn. Hectcttry. lia Vlfih avenue, Nw York. N. Y.
I'll. and Sunday
Bl'l'SCItU'TION HATES I1Y MAIL
1 mo 3 ma.
Total sroi. .Nov.. IMS... t,S.H2
Average a-roiF, Nov, 1915 IT.SI1
ioui ni. Nov, in: i,o.i.:i;
e net. N
Total sroaa. Nov , 1912 IJ8.W
Average frnea, Nov., 1112.. 4331
Total net. Nov., Mi: IC911
Average net. Nov, Mi:..,. M.tl"
1 ptlenmly swear that the arrntnpanylng statement represents
the rlrcutatlo-i or The Wanhlnston Tlmea na detailed, and that the
net rifurei repreaant, all return eliminated, the number of coplea
of The llmea which are a ld. dilltcrcd, furnlitied, nr mailed to
bona tide purchatera or aubacrlberi. FltKD A. WALK Ell,
, General Manager.
District of Columbia, :
Bubvrrlhed and anorn to before ma thla .10th lv of November,
A. D 1111. THOMAS C. WILLI!'.
(Seal.) Nntury Public.
Kntered at the Pott OMce at Washington, D. C, aa lecond data
"OH1 TAMMANY V
This newspaper said some days ago that the
New York World is always against Tammany,
between elections, but always for Tammany, either
constructively or actually, during elections. And in
that wc were mistaken. The World is always for
Tammany whenever Tammany is in danger. In
proof of which we reprint this unique assertion from
tf World of yesterday: "A great deal of New
York's police and vice trouble can be traced directly
to the efforts of two excellent and well-meaning men.
One of them is Theodore Roosevelt, and the other
is Charles H. Parkhurst."
No defender of Tammany has ever been moved
by his zeal to say anything more brazenly contemptu
ous of the truth than that.
GOETHALS A GENERAL.
The proposal to make Col. George W. Goethals
a full general on the active list of the United States
army will appeal to the country-at-large as a promo
tion and a decoration of high fitness. Goethals has
done the largest constructive work for the nation in
(i century, and the engineering work and organiza
tion of the Canal Zone deserve a recognition entirely
out of the ordinary.
Such a rank would give him an equality with that
of George Dewey in the navy. Up to this time it is
one that has been conferred only on four great
soldiers Washington, Grant, Sherman, and Sheri
dan. Goethals has proved himself a great com
mander in peace. A generalship for him would say
accurately what the colleges tried to express last
summer by showering him with LL. D.'s.
NOTHING ALARMING ABOUT IT.
The statement of the imperial chancellor of Ger
many that Germany will back up Austria with its army
in the event of war over the remapping of Turkey in
Europe makes plain what was well known before.
It shows again how very treacherous is the ground
upon which Europe is now standing.
But of equal if not greater importance is the
declaration that Germany and England are working
whole-heartedly and with mutual trust to maintain
peace. As long as these two countries stand together
their influence makes strongly for an amicable settle
ment of difference.:.
Germany's present attitude is widely different
from what it was when Bosnia and Herzegovina
were taken over by Aust ia-Hungary. Then there
was a rattling of the sword that set the teeth of all
Europe to gnashing. It is not at all the same thing
to state, as Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg now
states, that his country's alliance with Austria will
compel it, in certain contingencies, to draw the sword
in its ally's behalf. This'- is not a hectoring, bullying
attitude, but a proper announcement at a propcr
timc of what Germany's international obligations
bind her to do.
which holds its first convention next week, has out
lined a social creed that restates the heart of the
Progressive platform.' Its features are:
TK nrnivnh miiot (fltlil
For tho protection of tho family by tho single stand
ard of purity, regulation of marrlago nnd proper
hbuslng. . . ... j
For fullest development of the child by education and
For the abatement and prevention or poverty.
For thi conservation of health.
i.- ... .ii.... ihn i-icrtit ..f nil mon In an nnnor-
tunlty for self-maintenance and for protection of work
ers from tho hardship of enforced unemployment.
. . . . . ,! . l.lt.. lhns lllflMn
For old ago provision, anoimon oi u.m wi
wage, and reduction of hours of labor.
The possibilities of accomplishment if the
17,000,000 members of the churches to be repre
sented at this council should throw their united effort
hnpit of this nrocram and net their men into it arc
enormous. The effort would nt penccuy wnn me
Progressive program to secure legislation tor
the neoole. Hundreds of thousands would be identi
fied with both organizations and strengthen the
harmony of action.
There was something disappointing in the Mes
sage to Congress. It sounded as dull iron sounds
to a mall. The spirit of it was not unexpected, but
its pride in the small successes of "dollar diplomacy"
was commonplace. And this country is never com
We are not a "middle class" people. We arc
never smug. Wc are not bourgeois.
We may have the vices of a cavalier; the courage
of aristocracies; the uncompromising virtue of puri-
tanism; the susceptible hearts of children. But we
are never commonplace. We have no use for the
pusillanimities of "dollar diplomacy."
How could we, and'still believe, as we do, in the
spirit of the 'Declaration of Independence.
Wc never learn humility from disaster. Once,
when everything we had fought for seemed to be
crumbling about us, wc sent our men and boys into
battle with the "Battle Hymn of the Republic"
as our prayer. And that is the most terrible song in
In many ways we are crude. Our passions arc
violent. Our crimes arc often tragedies. Our cities
have had to fight crooks and grafters at every turn.
In a hundred years we have trekked across a con
tinent. We have blazed the trail with villages and
towns and a great -business of mines and factories
and farms. And we have not yet stopped to quite
finish anything that we started.
But we are never commonplace, and "dollar
diplomacy," is the apotheosis of the commonplace.
We have the finest and swiftest trains in the
world. And we' chasten our pride in them by wreck
ing more than any other country.
We do some things that are splendid. We do
a few things that arc squalid. Wc do many things
that shame us into anger at our own depravity. But
we keep on moving forward with our hearts set on
what Roosevelt called, in his last speech, "the golden
hopes of men," and we have an idea that it is the
biggest thing we have to guard.
We have our diplomats, of course. We have
them because they arc useful to take care of the
Cook's tourists who know their way about Keokuk
but get a little puzzled over the street system of the
Only, when it comes to the real thing in diplo
macy, the inquiring stranger must mingle with the
crowd around the steps of the co't house of any
old town on the Fourth, and the things that he will
hear then are the things that we will fight for.
And none of our fights have been about common
Sometimes those fights may have been romantic
and sometimes they may have lacked justification;
but they were never commonplace; and "dollar diplo
macy" is always comirrbnplace when it isn't just cheap.
"THE DREAM AND THE BUSINESS."
THE DECADENCE OF AMERICAN POETRY
Brandcr Matthews, in reviewing a new anthology
of Nineteenth Century American verse, published re
cently under the editorship of a professor emeritus
of Yale, observes that if the poems selected cannot
compare with those in a contemporary anthology of
British poems, they are at least equal to any similar
collection of verse from Italy, Germany, or Spain.
And a statement of that kind from such an authority
is interesting. The sterile field of our recent litera
ture in poetry, and fiction, and drama of the higher
sort has been explained on the theory that we are
n young people, with our thought bent upon material
development. But that argument does not apply to
the other countries instanced by Prof. Matthews, and,
if his reasoning is sound, wc must look to some other
cause for the lack of any heirs in art to Nathaniel
Hawthorne and Poe and Whitman and Longfellow.
However, the important thing is that a great and
an impressive period in our history is confronting us,
and it threatens to pass away without the record that
only fine poetry and inspired fiction could make of it.
We have in mind as an example of what could be
done on such a theme Kipling's strong song, "The
Sons of Martha."
JL STORMY MABCH 4
CONSTANTINOPLE t ... .... M..-i r.- . 1
- .. S.aV, 4.TAUS1 wag -
FOR 111 EMPLOYES
Believes Government Should
Pay and Assessment
Senator Penrose, of Pennsylvania, hs
become an advocate of pensions for old
employes in the Government service.
Senator Penrose lias come to the con
clusion that the Government should pay
tho pensions and that the assessment
plan should not bo attempted.
"I have been citing this subject con
siderable study and the I exult of that
study Is that t And T have been wrong.
I was not Inclined to favor old age pen
sions, and I fthere were tu be any I
thought the assessment plan una bet.
"I And, however, that all the big cor
porations of tho country am pensioning
their old and faithful emplovcs; that
they tried and abandoned the assess
ment plan, and are now providing; the
fund themselves out of which these pen
sions arc to be paid.
"In th bt: corporations I find this
pays, and If they are thus generous thla
Government can afford to do liken lac '
Talk on Picking Judges.
Prof. George C. Cohen, of the Unlvcr
slty of Indiana, will read u paper en
the selection of Judges for the perman
ent Court of Arbitral Justice, at Tim
Hague before tho rollegluto Club next
Hunduy evening. Tho club mo.ta nt
1230 Kkventh street nolthncst, and the
public Is Invited to Attend.
IS CITY OF WOE
SINCE IB BEGAN
Y. M. C. A. Worker in Sul
tan's Country Writes
Vividly of Hardships.
THE CHURCHES JOIN THE LINE.
The campaign of 1912 revealed over and over
what fine and unswerving support came from the
churches, the clergy, and the religious leaders for
the Progressive party organization. Like the social
workers, who are giving their lives for bettering
conditions of others, they gave the movement their
aid from first to last. They recognized its vital
principle as. one which must be in force in our
national life if the country is to be a good one for
ill to live in and to offer equal opportunity to all.
Now they are aiming to carry forward the work
with their own organization. They arc showing their
ability to deal with the concrete, human problems of
the day in the work they map out.
The Federal Council of the Churches of Christ
n America, representing thirty-two denominations,
leaders of The Times are Invited to use this department as their
own to write freely and frankly with the assurance that no latter
not objectionable In language will be denied publication. Letters saast
et. however, escecd 280 words la length, and must be written only
on one side of the paper. Letters must bear the names and addresses
ot the writers as evidence of good faith, but the names will not be
made publlo without the consent ot the contributors. Address MAIL
BAG KD1TOR OK TUB TIMIC.
If the special session of Congress which the
President-elect has promised to call immediately after
he takes office is to begin the work of tariff revision
in accordance with the views expressed by Mr. Wil
son three years ago, the new leader ot the Democratic
party wilt require a continuous term of not three
years, but of thirty, for the completion of the reform.
In an article from the pen of Mr. Wilson, published
by the North American Review in October, 1909, the
following method of revision was suggested:
"It must In gonut conseriallio vtay he altered
from decade to decade, If posxllile from jear to
year, until we sluill hnie nut all ctixtoni leg
Matlon upon a nafe, reasouahle and permanent
footing. A process of alteration, steadily anil
courageously persisted In "111 not ONturb the
business or emliarruns the Industries of the couu- '
trj, cicii If turlff act follows tariff act from scs.
hloil to session, ll it u luunui-u mi n uenniie
principle lij which the progress may lie forecast
and made ready for. Such a principle must be
And wc do not suggest that such a principle
cannot be found. Somebody has said that "anything
is possible in a democracy." But neither our Con
gressional system nor the responsible, parliamentary
method of which the President-elect thinks so highly
is adaptable to the progressive elimination of tariff
duties described in the North American Review
article, and wc suspect that this view, like
some others expressed by Mr. Wilson when he was
still associated with Princeton, has been revised. It
is not the least of the charms of the philosophical
"open mind" that it is provided with both an entrance
and an exit.
CHILD LABOR AND VOTES FOR WOMEN
They have child labor in New York State and
they refuse women the right to vote. In Colorado
the women have equal suffrage with men, and when
women were given the right to vote in Colorado they
employed that right first in the interest of their
children. There is no btate in the Union where the
interests of children are so well cared for as in that
Western Commonwealth, and the work that Judge
Lindscy has done through the juvenile court would
have been impossible without the political support of
Wnr conditions In Constantinople are
described vMdly In a letter to Generul
.Secretary William Knonlea Cooper, of
the V. M. C. A., from I). A. Davis, who
Is now association secretary In the Le
vant and formerly nns director ot re
ligious work In this city.
Famine, caused by the "tout of liv
ing" Jumping up with the nrst rattle
of musketry, has stricken the Turkish
capital, and he tells of (lies and earth
quakes which added their share to the
neneral desolation of the city not many
months ago. Mr. Dmlv letter Is prob
ably one of the nrst received In the
United Stales from Constantinople
after war was declared. He sas, In
"Kor a few days before the war was
declared there were a number of pa
rades and public demonstrations, but
these were soon forbidden and since
the war has actuall started there has
been llttlu apparent cxcltoment.
Horse Cars Quit.
"Naturally there arc many Incon--leniences.
The only traction service
e have consists of horse cars, and now
we do not haa een these, because the
goNernnient has taken all the horses.
"The price of many necessaries, such
as meats, sugar, ccteals. petroleum,
etc., luue risen and are still going up.
Imagine pajlng 35 centH n pound for
tablu suit: Fortunately, the govern
ment controls the price of bread, und
that remains the came. The amount
given to each family Is limited.
"Ileglnnlng tonight, no one is allowed
on the streets after 10 o"clock.
Big Fit" Wreak Havoc.
"To the political Ills which liuvr be
fallen Turkey In the last few months
lias been added accident. In tho last
j car and a half two great conflagra
tions have deMifctated great set tlons of
the cnpltal. Tho first burned 18,000
duellings mid shops In Htamboul; and
before the work of rebulldlns the
burned district had begun a second llro
swept away over 1.50O more houses.
"Then, after un Interval of scarcely
more than three months, came'earth
quakes which destroed, with u loss of
about 5.00D lives, several villages near
Constantinople and seriously Injured
manv buildings In tho city Itself, among
others the grand old church now
mosque or at. tjopma. inese calami
ties tendered homeless more than 100,000
persons, many of whom escaped only
with tholr lives and the rags on their
"Keep Oat of the Street" the Befraln
of a Petition for Laws to Corer
the Rights of Pedestrians.
To the lilllur or TUB TIMES.
A petition has been started In thu
1'lney nranch Cltliens" Association and
will nnd Its way through the 1'ederatlon
to the Commissioners for the adoption
of a police regulation to keep pedestri
ans and children out of the streets,
except when crossing at street corners
or when plavlng or skating where It Is
specially permitted. This Is a step In
the right direction, for the benefit of the
person on foot as well as the driver of
the team or motor vehicle. Tho former
has the right of way only at corners
when crossing or when alighting from
or boarding vehicles; the latter has tho
right of way elsewhere, but will rarely
.un rinivn nnv nnn it it can be avoided.
Vet in this uge of ropld transit wc read
every day where sonic one has been in
jured or killed through Its wllfull dis
The time has come for Wsshlngtonl
ans to stop "cutting torncis" and the
children cease using the streets for
skating, as wc now nave so many side
walks that are granolithic. The up
proachlng holiday season will lilt the
streets with teams and automobile
which may not run up onto a sidewalk
to avoid a peaesirian; ici wie
trlan stav on the sidewalk vvheio he be
longs, and. except when cioselng where
... ....i., i.iu .ifntv lieu In nhvervnnei
of the rule to keep out of tho street.
the time of the celebration of the
Knights of Columbus.
,!.. Vv. .; '1. uiiiiiiacnv oi tne
.1.,JflJ,i8U,.!i! ,ake tne hint, and has
viu .j.u, , iiuaung irom tne said poles
In the future, and If not always, especi
ally on national holidays. I am.
JOHN J. O'FLAHERTY.
Predicts That We Will Face Food
Revolution If the Trusts Continue
the High Prices of Necessities.
to the Editor of THE TIMES:
The trusts ure killing many thousands
of men, women, and children every
year, und no man behind prison bars is
more guilty of murder than the. Our
land and country, according to reports,
were never more blessed with food than
now; jet tho cost of all the necessaries
of life was never so high as now. The
more millions of dollan these million
aires pile up the more they seek to get.
And how do they get It? Klmply by
starving out the poor and helpless men,
women, and children of this country.
Something should be done and that
something can't he done too soon to
prevent a food revolutln In this covntry.
J. C. CUNNINGHAM.
Army and Navy
CAR SHORTAGE IS
TO BE STOPPED
BY PROUTY BILL
Iowan Has Plan to Penalize
Roads Whose Stock Is Not
What's On the Program
Li Washington Today
By the U. S. Soldiers' Home Band
Stanley Hall, at 3:30 o'clock.
JOHN S. M. KIMMERMANN,
March "Arms of America", ...rryor
Overture "Tho Four Haymonds
Moreeau (a) "Chanson Uohc-
lb) "Danco of tho Whip.
poor-Will" V1111 AUtjnu
Selection "The Isle o' Drcums"
Characteristic Intermezzo "Afi .
cm lireamland" Atvvutcr
Medley of Populur Hongs
"llemlclt's Hits of Mi:" Lampo
Finale "On the Speedway"
"The 8tar-Spangled Banner,"
Wants Pension Claims of
Soldiers Considered Ural.
To the UJUor ot THE TIMES.
Under the act of May 11, 1912. pensions
for veterans aro based both on length
of scrvlco und on age. Thus a soldier
who has served two jcars nnd six
months und Is seventy jeurs old re
ceives $24 per month anu wnen no ue
tomes seventy-live vcars old 30 per
month All pensions arc payable from
date of receipt of claim in the Pension
onice. In the month of Mny alone sev
eral hundred thousand claims ere tiled
In one day. and while the Pension Ofllcc
Is doinc Its best. It will bo months. If
L aoln.B "" .;, .!, 1.1st Is reached.
and they are. still coming In. These
claims are being examined In the order
of their receipt, flrst come, flist served
This seems fair enough on Its face, but
It would seem that the claims of the
oldest soldiers sliouni n ," ,";-1 """
for the older the applicant tho inoii,
nitolv he Is to die. nnd should he .lie
Sending tho adjudication of his claim.
Lven if the emim bo allowed it cannot
bo collected bv the widow or other
helrJ. as would be. the case In other
claims against the Government, for t
r. .. a.7,iiv .ranted for scrvli.es tend
ered bv the Holdler
It will reaonv ie seen . ., ......,
precedent c to vnunger men. men of sev-enty-nvo
rars and older (some claim
ants Rive their age at elghtv-nve) some
of them sick und dependent solely ..n
"heir pensions for the-.r support, ale
placed at u great disadvantage us com
pared w th tounger men. und In view
of the length of time It will take to
?each the r Jises. the chances of their
reccvlng a pension are slim Indeed.
Why not group theso claims bv ages of
Wants Flags on the Union Station
Tn the Editor of THE TIMEfl
I noticed In The Times of tile ISth In
stant a pleie of new In regard tn the
tlltee'll.ig pole l fr01" ' thu 1'nlon
Station. , '
The reason they were put there, t Is
true wns to put flans upon; but the
main part of the puzzle Is, where uie
Hlm'C8thcy were put there, flags were
only seen on them uiuc, qU then at
The following thanges In the assign
ments of officers of Field Artillery
Captain JOHN E. STEPHENS, now at
tached to the Seiond Field Artillery,
assigned to that icglmenl.
First Lieutenant THOMAS D. OS
BORNE, assigned to the Fifth Field
First Lieutenant GEORQE W. EWEI.U
Third Infantry, detallaed as profes
sor of military science and tactics
at the Oklahoman Agricultural Col
lege. Stillwater, Okla.
Second Lieutenant CHARLES D. ROG
ERS. Eleventh Cavalry, detailed as
professor of military science und tar.
tlis ut Shuttuck School, Faribault.
Major JOHN II. RICE. Ordnance De
partment, from offlcn of the chief
of ordnance, tn San Antonio Arsenal,
Ban Antonio, Tex., and assume com
mand of tlmt ursenal, relieving
Colonel CHARLES II. CLARK. Ord
FlrM Lieutenant LESLEY J. MeNAIR,
Fourth Field Artillery, detailed for
duty as statistical officer at tho
School of Firo for Field Artillery,
Fort Sill, Okla.
Lieutenant R. M. ORISWOLD. de-
taehed navy yard. Puget Bound.
Wush.. January 2. 1913. to California
as senior engineer oftlccr.
Lieutenant JOHN nODOKHS. detached
Illinois, to Nebraska as ordnance of-
Ensign W. A. RIEDEL, detached Geor
gia, to Hannibal.
Surgeon L. L. VON WEDEUIND. to
Civil Engineer J. W. G. WALKER.
resignation accepted to take effect
December 2, 1512.
Paymaster Clerk F. W. RAARSCH.
resignation aiccptcd to take effect
December 3. 191-'.
MOVEMENTS OF VESSELS.
Arrived I'tah, Vermont, at Southern
dilll grounns, uis sioines ni rori
Alkansas, Prometheus ut aSn Diego,
.t,...,knu ut Hamntnn RoudH.
Denver at 1'lrlilllnn.uc, Tuluhaslsee ut
Judith sounn, aioni.iiiu.Hi khtniuu.
Sailed Arelhiieu, fiom Piuvldeiito for
i... i.ilnir I'm . Rlf.rllnir f.nni
rmi rtimu'i . , ...-....., ,,..,,,
Huston for Hampton Rouds; Petrel,
from Portsmouth, N. H., to Huston;
Yankton, fiom Puerto Plata fur
Munte Chrlstl: Saratoga, Rainbow,
fiom Shanghai for Hongkong.
Congressman Prouty of Iowa. Intro
duced a bill In the House today to re
lieve tne serious situation caused by
the widespread shortage of cars. Judge
Prouty says that present conditions arc
Intolerable, and that the shortage Is
most serious In the coal, lumber, and
The gist of the bill Is that railroad
companies shall require consignees to
unload their freight In nve days, de
murrage or no demurrage, and that '.
the railroad company does not enforce
this right. It shall be liable In damages
to the person ordering cars and not
Judge Prouty says M.M0 coal cars In
seacoast cities are tied up, loaded with
coal, the consignee preferring to paj
demurrage and use them for warehouse
purposes rather than unload and .store
the shipments. In the lumber and grain
vrune ure nite situations.
Excuses Are Hade.
Describing the general shortage of
cars. Judge Prouty said:
"The ' railroad people say that the
shortage In cars does not result from
the railroads not having sufficient roll
ing stock, but from the use to which
the cars arc put.
"Tt the present time it Is almost 1m-
fiosslbla to get care to furnish coal to
ocal consumers In New England. It
Is said thero arc now standing on the
siactracKs at sea coast points, ju.imi
loaded cars of coal, on which the con
signee prefers to pay demurrage rather
than unload and store the coal. In the
West and South there Is a shortage of
eara for thu hnndtlnc of the grain eroD.
Thousands of tars of grain, sacked, arc
lying in me douiii unu cuuuui uu motvu
to shelter for want or cars.
"Orders for cars have been placed In
writing for llfteen or twenty days with
nm receiving- a single car. The rail
road companies claim they have plenty
of cars, but that they are standing on
sidetracks In Galveston and New Or
leans, loaded with cotton for export, on
which the handler prefers to pay de
murrage of tl per diem a car, rather
than unload and store tho cotton.
Cars As Warehouses.
"Tho shipper has found that It Is
theaper to use cars for warehouses than
It Is to build warehouses. It Is said
there arc now standing on the tracks at
New Orleans 6,000 box curs that have
been so held from ten to thirty days,
while the business of tho whole country
Is paralyzed by luck of curs to move
"This condition Is Intolerable, It Is
tolerated by tho terminal railroad com
pany becuuae It Is only required to pay
3:. cents per diem for tho cars of other
roads when In use on It's line, while
it receives one dollar per dlcni demur
rage. Then the longer the car stands
on the side track, the more money the
holding road will make.
"The purpose of my bill Is to require,
railroad companies to take their roll
ing stock out of tho warehouse service
und put It Into the legitimate service
of transportation. The gist of the
whole bill Is that railroad companies
shall lequire consignees to unload their
freight within live dus, demurrage, or
no demurrage, und If tho railroad com
pany does not enforce this right, it
shall bo lesponslbln In damages to per
sons ordering cars and not receiving
them on that account.
Proposes New Bill.
"I expect to follow this bill bv an
other, clothing tho Interstate Com
merce Commission with uuthorlty to In
vestigate tho rolling stock of railroads,
to ascertain It they have suftklenl roll
ing stock to meet demands, and If they
llnd that they havo not, to clothe them
with power to require additional equip
ment. A common carrier must beeomu
11 loinmon cairier, nnn provide reasun
, hIiIo facilities for tills transportation.
I This Is the railroad problem of the
The following Masonic organizations
will meet tonight: Lodges-Wasning-ton
Centennial, No. II, election; Osi
ris, No. 26, election; King Solomon.
No. 31, election. Royal Arch ChP
ters Columbia. No. 1, K- A.: Bright
wood, No. 9, business. Knights Temp
larPotomac Commandery, No. 3.
Eastern Star Areme Chapter. No. 10.
The following I. O. O. F. organizations
will meet tonight: Lodge Eastern,
No. 7; Harmony, No. 9. and Federal
City. No. :o, degrees; Friendship. No
12, business. Rebekah Degree Martha
Washington Lodge, No. 3, business.
The following K. of P. organizations
will meet tonight: Lodges Mt, Ver
non. No. C; Union, No. 22. grand visi
tation. Pjthlan Sisters Friendship.
No 9, business.
Meeting of White Eagle Council. No. 4,
I. O. It. M.. Fifth und G streets north
Meeting of Ilarmonv Castle, No. 10
Golden Eagle, tonight.
Meeting of Congressional Circle, No
MS. P. II. C. degrees, tonight.
Initial meeting of the Spanish-American
Athencum, auditorium. National
Museum. Tenth and B streets north
west, s-SO p. m. . .. .
Meeting of the board of directors of the
Washington Chamber of Commerce. 8
Sermon by the Rev. R. W. Hogue. rec.
tor of the Ascension Church, Balti
more, mid-day Adventlst service,
rhnreh of the KolDhany. 12-30 P. m.
Orchestral concert bv the United States
Soldiers' Home Band, Stanley Hall,
3.30 p. m. . .
Dinner of the navy vard draftsmen, the
(jueen cafe. Seventh and G streets
Regular monthly meeting of the Asso
ciation of Oldest Inhabitants of the
District, Old Union engine house,
Nineteenth and H streets northwest,
7:30 p in.
Christinas sale of the Ladles' Benefit
Society of the Flrit Presbjterlan
Church, parlors of tho New Ebbltt,
2 to 10 p. m.
Lecture hy Miss Clars W. Herbert of
the chlldien's department, the Pub
lic Libra! y.
Address by the Rev. Charles Wood on
"The Sunday 8chool Teacher and His
Bible," tho First Presbyterian ChuKh.
Ba'saai ' and dinner bv tho Ladles' Aid
Socletv of the Ingram Memorial
Chuic'h. 3 to 7:30 p. m.
Annual election of tho Police Associa
tion of the District.
Meeting of tho District of Columbia
Bouid of Cusualty Underwriters.
Distribution of Garments bv the Dis
trict of Columbia branch of the
Needlework Guild of Ameika. AH
Souls' Unitarian Church.
Lecture on "The Relief of Peking in
1909." by Gen. A. S. Daggett, U. S. A ,
at the Terminal It, R, Y. M. C. A.,
Annual meeting of the Yule Alumni As
sociation of Washington, directors'
room, tho Union Trust Compun, 4.13
Annual meeting of the National Rivers
and Hurbois Congicss. the New Wil
Nationnl Muudc Adams In "I'elcr
ran." 2:13 and 8:15 p. m.
Belasco Sothern and Mailowc in
"Romeo mid Juliet." 8 p. m.
Columblu Robert Ixiialne In "Man and
Supeimau," 8:U p. 111.
Chuse's Polite vaudeville, 2:15 and S:1S
Poll's Vaudcv lllc.
Academ "A Luiky Hoodoo," 8:13 p m.
Cosmos Vaudcv lllc.
Lvoeum "Lady Buccaneers," 2.13 and
8:1! p. m.
Gavcty "Golden Crooks," 2:15 and S:15
Here's a Book
-ioiy, mole or lens biased, moto in
let,, lumhleil ad inufuscd, has given
the event piecedlng the admission of
Kansas us 11 Stute tn the counti nt
large, Eueh hlstoiiau seems to have
accumulated dlffeicnt dati und taKen
different viewpoint of tint dlsasMoua
domestic wrungle. so that tho real nrv
from tho lips of an.- authentic wltniss,
no matter which side is upheld, is Jtiht
us tint tn be tl tic us nnv.
Muiguret Hill McCailcr, uuthor of
the "Willi of Men," has wiltMi a
thiilllng. line, uml gruhplu tale or tlu
events In that period. To those hl
huvc known the haidships of a now
country, who have fought for pilnclpln
und home. Mis MiCurttr's hook Is ut
oiu-u leengnlzed not ns nnv nllv Im
11 glued title . hut as it true record of past
deeds, ontuted hv living men nnd wom
en whoi-e Indnmltuhle courage und per
seveianee have carved nut that wonder
ful hind west of the Mississippi.
Thiotigh the struggle for a State with
out Slav ci y, the Wnkiirnsii war, the
Quuntrell mid und mussucro nt Law
rence, then to the fiont In the elvll
wur, the leader follows the futea of
three jounc people. 11 young Quaker
vouth, 11 Southern lad. und u Scotch
lassie, whom thev I ot Ii love Pioneer
t.vpes "ire diuwn with tnre skill, und the
picture which Mis McC.trter mukea of
John Brown Is one of rugged stiength
Illusttatlons In color h,- J. N. March
nnd nic'full of the neilon Hnd f,-ank
fearlessness nf tile prnlrie countrv. A
C Mi t'lmg & Co , of Chicago, nre the