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THE WASHINGTON TIMES; SATURDAY,' FEBRUARY l;. 1913.
Harry King Says Women Work-
ers of District Are Well Car
ed for by Employers.
"An eight-hour law Is obnoxious.
TVe ought to have a law that woull
allow not less than 54 hours or cixty
hours a week."
This declaration was made to the
Renate District Committee today oy
Harry "King, of King's Palace, who,
with n number of other "Washington
merchants apeared before the commlt
te to oppose the proposed eight-hour
measure for women and girls in the
District of Columbia.
Jir. King asserted an eight-hour law
V an obnoxious law to the people of
He asked the committee why It" did
not Include the newspaper offices and
the household servants.
Warns Against Hurting Women.
Mr. King said he had no objection to
"legislation that looks to the better
ment of present female labor condi
tions,". and aald he was willing to meet
the situation half way. But he de
clared Jt was not fair to try to reach
the millenlum at one fell swoop and
he suggested an amendment that would
make the maximum hours fifty-four
or sixty. He said that would reduce
the average working day one or one
and one-half hours, lie told the com
mittee that unless It was careful, it
would hurt the women and girls more
than it helped them.
Mr. King insisted that women and
girls were paid all their labor war
ranted. He said the public would be
unwilling to bear the increased cost of
the proposed change. It would mean
lower wages, he insisted. He defended
the morals of the women and girls In
the stores and manufacturing establish
ments, and said they were as" high as
In the Government service.
Mr. King' sought to show that the
figures given yesterday by Miss Ober
naufr, of the Bureau of Labor, were not
fair to the merchants, and said that In
the averages for wages for saleswomen
she Included cash girls, cash boys, and
Senator Galllnger, Senator Jones,
and others of. the committee said the
record showed that he was wrong in
una ana Miss Obernauer. who was on
hand, said specifically that her fig'
ures -were not made up as Mr. King
alleged. As to exclusion of buyers,
, which Mr. King said was done, Mbs
Obernauer .said she had excluded only
nine buyers, who were getting an aver
age or h,jjq a year.
Tells of Lowest Wages.
Mf. King said the average pay Jn his
start -for women was $7.55 to $7.63 per
week. The-lowest paid to girls was $5,
and. fh some instances It The wages
ranged as high as $14 per week. He said
JO per cent of the women and girl em
ployes lived In Washington.
WJhy," should eight-hour Jaw he
applied to' Washington, when 'Baltimore
hka a ten-hour law?' asked Mr. King.
'In other words, why should we be
made the goatr
He- declared that if a merchant In
"Washington was making from E to 6
Per cent net. he was doing well. He
said the average "wages In Washington
would compare favorably with those of
- any city In the country. He explained
that the women and girls who worked in
the stores here were well cared ftr.
- that chairs or-ledges were provided, that
they were allowed time oS at lunch
hours, and the like.
Many questions were asked Mr. King
by members of the committee. Senator
"Works wanted to know. If the reform
were a good one, whether it would not
be well to start It in "Washlntgon.
"So." said Mr. King. "I'e as much
right to say what shall be done here as
FIREMEN TO DINE
Celebration to Be Held Monday Night, and Guests Will In
clude Many Outsiders Other News From
the Down River Suburb.
WASHINGTON TIMES BUREAU.
AIEXANDItlA, VA.. FEB. 1.
Monday night will be firemen's night in
Alexandria, and an elaborate banquet
will be given by the officers and mem
bers of the Reliance Engine Company,
complimentary to the members of the
other two volunteer companies the Co
lumbia Engine Company and the Relief
Hook and Ladder Company, No. 1.
Many have been Invited, Including
Chief "Wagner, of the "Washington Fire
Department; Mayor Thomas A. Fisher.
Chief Robert E. Gronau, of the Alexan
dria department, and the members of
the fire committee of city council under
whose direction the local department
L. E. Uhler, president of the Reliance
Company, will serve as toastmaster, and
H. Noel Garner, of the same company,
will make the address of welcome. Re
sponses will be made by John H. Tri
myer, president of the Relief Company,
and "W. A. Smoot, president of the Co
lumbia. It is expected that there will
he a number of other speeches. Music
will be furnished by the Alexandria
Ideal Mandolin Club.
An investigation of the sanitary con
ditions of the public schools of Alex
andria city and county will be made
next week by "William H. Heck, pro
fessor of education of the University of
Virginia, and representing the State
board of health and the State board
of education. Professor Heck will spend
Monday in Alexandria, where he will
make a careful Investigation, and the
rest of the week will be spent in .the
county. Besides inspecting the -schools
he will address several school bodies
while in the vicinity.
The opening of Meade Chapel, in its
new building, will take place tomorrow
with appropriate services. At 7:30 o'clock
there will be Holy Communion, at 11
o'clock the morning services with a
sermon bv the Rev. S. A. Wallls, D. D.-,
of the Theological Seminary -of "Vir
ginia, and at,5:(KI"p. in.- servlces"and
sermon by the .Re.v W." J. Morton, rec
tor of Christ Church. -J,
i , -4
A special term of the unlted'States
USE OF WATER AT
GREAT FALLS IS
TO BE ADVOCATED
Army Engineers Sure
Will Furnish Electric .Power
WITH MUCH SUCCESS
(Continued 'from First Page.)
plan -would produce about 13,000 horse
power,, at a-construction cost oi iw
The .plant- was given publicity, and
the publicity had two effects. First,
it Induced a considerable drop in the
cost of. electric street 'lichts.. and a
more advantageous contract forxthe'J
district court f or the -eastern. district L- 'T?JehSl!peS!51S5 eS $
of Vlrgina wHlbeheld On February 18,
when the case "of the" United ' States
against Edward Johnson will be tried
before Judge Edmund "Waddell of Rich
mon. Johnson Is charged with erecting
a portion of a building on the Gov
ernment reservation near Fort Myer.-
Bemhard Dledrich.-a well-known
florist of Alexandria, died last night at
his home, ,700 wythe street. Mr. Died
rich was seventy years "old, and -leaves
nine children, six sons. Benjamin.
Charles, "William. Otto. Edward, and
Theodore, and three daughters. Mrs.
Joseph L. Murphy and Misses Rosa and
In the circuit court, in 'vacation, to
day. Mrs. .Elizabeth Darling quasinea
as administratrix of the estate of John
During January, Nevell 8. Greenaway,
clerk of court, issued firty-two deeds
and thirty-two marriage licenses.
The regular monthly meeting of Lee
Camp, Confederate Veterans, will be
held next Monday night.
things the "District Government had
ohIefly,ln mind. But In fact it did
more. "When Colonel Judectn studied
over the Lelshton project, he became
convinced that there was a good thins
at "Great Falls, "and that Its develop
ment ought not longer be postponed.
Army Engineers At Work.
So,. an estimate was presented and
J $20,000 finally appropriated, to pay for
a detailed study of the situation by
the army engineers. Col. "W. C Lang
fltt was last July placed In charge of
this study. He procured as associate
and consulting engineer, .Clemens Her
schel, of New York, who has had wide
experience in pow er developments.
Their, investigations have -vindicated
the Lelghton contentions - and the
hone of ' the District Commissioners.
But they propose to place the develop
ment on a more extensive basis; it la
believed in fact thaUthelr 'Plan looks
to an expenditure of perhaps $10,000,000.
Does Away With Falls.
According to the. outline of the plan
le said Commissioner Judson had prom
ised to give the retail men a hearing
before the eight-hour law was recom
mended by the Commissioners, but they
wire, given none.
"'A bill comes with -more weight when
the Commissioners indorse It," said Mr.
-'Art you. sure of that?" asked Sena
Obnoxious to Merchants.
Mr. King then proceeded to declare
the proposed law. as it stands now, ob
noxious to the merchants. He objected
to Its being passed without the mer
zjvna r jowc,,ol uaiumure, opiceu
he proposed law on behalf of the laun
dries. Wren Mr. Lowe arose to speak.
Miss Constance D. Leupp arose at the
same time. Miss Leupp desire to speak
"Mr. Chairman. I was recognized
first." protested Lowe.
"But in the Senate, we have a rule of
courtesy that a gentleman shall jleld
when requested," said Senator Gal
llnger. Miss Leupp, however, said she was
willing to wait and be heard later.
Laundry Workers' Pay.
Mr. Lowe said he had looked up the
par for laundry employes in three
laundries. It amounted In one to $5.44
per week, in another to $5.40, and in an
other to 15.45. Minimum wages were
24 and $50 and thereabouts. Hours
were ten per day with a half day Sat
urday. ""Considering the character of these
people, they are the highest paid people
In the country." said the witness.
Senator Jones and others asked him
what he meant by "the character of
these people." He said he was not re
flecting on them, but the most of the
laundry" help was of a "low grade of
A. great deal of it, he said, was col
Joseph I. Weller, for certain retail
merchants, opposed the bill as it stands
and offered an amendment which would
exclude emplojes of retail stores and
stenographers. He spoke, among other
things, of the difficulty of shutting off
work exactly on the eiitht-hour mark.
He said much of the dictating to sten
ographers In law offices and brokers
offices here was done late In the day
and evenings and tiie law would be a
hardship in such cases. He took the
view that an eight-hour day would
make it difficult for many of the Gov
ernment employes here to do their shop
ping because there would be no time
after the departments closed or before
Proposes Store Shifts.
Mrs. Florence Kelly pointed out that
an eight-hour day for women and girls
was no reason why the stores could
not be kept open longer. She said it
did not have that effect anywhere.
Shifts could be aranged without diffi
culty. Miss Josephine Goldmark. of the Con
sumers' League: Miss Buckingham, one
of the T. "W. C. A. secretaries: Mrs.
Grace Coulon, and Miss Leupp were
other speakers. Miss Buckingham told
of the hours of hotel chambermaids.
Miss Goldmark and Mrs. Coulon gave
testimony similar to that already given
for the bill before the House Labor
Committee. Miss Leupp sought to show
the bill had strong dniorsements here
in the District of Columbia.
Miss Leupp showed the Indorsements
were by no means all outside the city
She mentioned the American Federation
of Babor, the Typographical Union; and
various other organizations iwhich had
Indorsed it. Judge Be Lacy, of tire
Juvenile Court, is for it, among others,
George F. Page, of the Page Laun
dry Company, and Robert Pluym. wom
an's tailor, spoke against the bill.
The bill will be referred to a subcom
mittee for further consideration. The
subcommittee may conduct hearings.
Mrs. Kelly said this afternon she was
sanguine bf legislation at this session.
Ice Warning Issued
To Protect Liners
Field ice Is to be expected in the
North Atlantic near the Northern route
of trans-Atlantic liners this week, ac
cording to a warning issued by the
Hydrographlc office. A icport has al
ready been received of field ico sighted
Januarv 20 in latitude 43 degrees 46
irinutes and longitude 49 degrees 50 minutes.
Open Grand Central
NEW YORK, Feb. L The new Grand
Central terminal In this city trill be
opened for service tomorrow, although
it will be several months before the
finishing touches are put to the great
structure and the workmen's scaffolds
are removed. Comparatively 'few per
sons, even among the residents of New
York city, have any adequate concep
tion of the size, the magnificence and
the many wonderful features of the new
The ground area of the structure la
Just a trifle short of eighty acres. In
closed under the mammoth train shed
are thirty-three miles of track. Nearly
1,500 trains a day. carrying 250.000 pas-
"Tyrolean Queen" Given by St.
Patrick's School Under Miss
' :Lack6y's Direction
The Mutual Life
which has been given io The Times, the j Haske.
Friends of the students of St. Pat
rick's Academy are congratulating
tthem today on the success of '"The
Tyrolean Queen." produced under tho
direction of Miss Katherino Lackey In
'Carroll "Hall last evening.
The four-act 'operetta had an excel
lent cast, with Miss Estello Murray as
Rosalie, the Queen, and Miss Marie
Regan and Miss Beatrice Cosgrove In
comedy parts. ' "'
The Tyrolean leaders --were Almee
Steinmetz, Genevieve Anadale, Gertrude
Farrell, and Katie Snow. Maids ;of
honor: Ellen Russell, Kathleen "Waters,
Katherine 8Iattery, and Mary "Wilier.
Gypsjes: Margaret Donovan, Joseph
R, Johnson, Mary Hudson, and Helen
Others In Cast' s- "
Others in the cast were: .
Tyroleans Rosemary Cucas, Lavinla
Gaskins, Catherine O'Connor, Margaret
Sullivan. Mary Deeds, Maybelle Ennls,
Florence Anderson, .Mildred- Gaskins,
Mary Foley. Margaret Cannon. Mar-
irnrpt Tplv HfflTlA T.iAno THarpawt- .Tnv
Florence Cusick, Rozlna'Hawkins, Bar-1
bara Schubert. Vivian -Marceron. Mil-!
dred Mbrrison, Anna Muiroe, Adele
Burns. Marguerite Lyons. Bcrnadine
Shipley, Anna Sullivan. Alice IcDon-
alor.TElenore Jacques, Minnie McDonald.
Gypsles-Elolse Berry, Marie "Bruen,
.Elton Byrnes. Effle Bresnahan. -Alice
Burke, Clara Cusick. AgrtesJ Corkery.1
iMetiie isverett, .Pearl Hart. Gertrude
of New York
Record of 1912
The close of trie '70th year of the oldest comrfany in America shoys amount of Omnnct
in force $i;550,888,063 again of $45,913,401 and' an, increased' amount ofncw impmct'ri
paid-for. during the year, $157,067,823, including. restorations, incrMsssand dfvidMttioas
a gain of $16,053,452.' Other noublereatures or the year's record.afe: ,
4 - .K
Policy Reserves, -Total
Kelly. Julia Kernan,
project would Inundate the Great Falls, ! Rose -McNerny,, Rose Paul, Pauline Se
and makelt a thingjof'the past. From baatlan. -Elsie Peyton,. Alice Wolfe,
Great Falls dqwn to the foot of Little t Marie "Walsh, Catherine "Weeks, Ada
Fallff,.ls a'distapce of -about twelve Meehan, Ethel Clarke, Bessie Galllher,
miles. The nronosal Is understood to 1 Mildred "Morris, Gertrudes-Roche. Marie
involve erection of a masonry dam atiKemno. Mary Fora, "'Louise ""Wllmo,t,
the foot 'of,1 Little Falls, about 110-feet
nign. -seventy to eigmy reet inicic ai
the base, and 1,000 feet long. This would
hold the water and back It far up
stream entirely oer the Great Fall.
Only rough estimates of the power
which this "Immense work would 'pro
vide has- been available as .yet. The
best Information Indicates that " from
8,000 to 10,000 horsepower would be de
veloped at the lowest flow'of water In
the river, running up to 30,000 at the
When this project Is nut forward In
detailed plans and with complete esti
mates it is anticipated that (he senoua
attention of Congress will at lastbe
obtained. It Is worked. out with refer
ence to permanent Improvement of the
city's water supply as well as the de
velopment of the power.
Pennsylvanians to Meet.
With Congressman Curtis H. Gregg
making the chief address, the Penn-
sengers. will be able to arrive or depart
from the station. One of the most Im-iEyjVanla Society will hold Its regular
presslve features of the station at first 'nionthly'meetlng'at 8 o'clock this even-
sight Is the main concourse, measuring lug In Pythian Temple. 1012 Nlntn
275 feet In, length, 120 feet in width and ttreet northwest. All natives of the
325 feet In height.
I Keystone State are Invited to attend.
Lena Daley, Nell Weaver, Catherine
Donovan, MarySlattery,' Marian Glusta.
, Chorus Of 'Fairies.
Fairies Hester Clements, -Margaret
Muiroe.- Matilda Chase. Lillian -Taylor.
Edna. Murphy. Marie Lottes. Margaret
Wilbert,.' Anna BaclgaluppI, Pauline
Rooney, "Hazel Ashlon,EleanoreWllk
Inson,' Catherine Hudson, Loretto Sullivan.-
Madeline Crowley. Elizabeth
Hayden. Helen McNeely. Margaret
union, Lillian Lottes, 'Blanche Mc
Henrj Kathleen Connor, Emma Lewis,
Margaretv Degnan, - Helen Carmack.
Frances MelettL Audry King. Telma
Taylor. Margaret Lockard. Helen Slat-
a special orcnestrajunqer tne leader
ship of Miss Mabel Cosgrove, (furnished
music for tho occasion.
The medal, given by President Br?ck
Trowbridge, of the Architectural League
of New York, was awarded last night
to Col. .George- Goethals for his work- In
the Panama 'canaL -The presentation
was made at the dinner preceding tho
twenty-eighth annual exhibition.
v . Payments to.policyhJders,f$8q,96S;488.Sf6: incWde'ilivideads paid ,fo-l
S$1S,0Q6&Q2S; while thVsWof $17,I368,0JI6.93lias,been apportioned ferdmi
apportioned for dividends, payable in
1913 an increase over thesamount'prd'in:9J2;or$2l,766.et and a larger sum m has
ever been apportioned for dividends in a single year by any other company id the world. .
i. -m. r"
Balance Sheet December 31st, 1912
Real Estate $23,532,623.87
Mortgage Loans ..,. .". 139..69 1,244.47
, Lbans-onvPolfcics. 80,059,863.76
. Bonds .....-..'."... ... . ., . . . 308,825,070.28
Stocks ;.-... ..,.. .;.JL....s 33,583,071.00
Interest and rents due and
accrued -...... ..... . 6,550,812.81
Premiums in course of. collection 4,072,05 1 .09
Cash -($1 ,889,812.54 ' at 'inter-
' - est) u ... ... v. 2,196,742.05
Deposited to, pay policy claims 613,566.93
Net Policy Reserves : . .$42,57037.00
Other Policy Liabilities. ...... 8,902,74.95
Premiums, Interest asd Rents
paid in-advance V. ..!,. I693i5:12
Miscellaneous Liabilities 32,8704
Estimated Taxes, Liceases, etc.,
payable in 1913. 801,752.46
Dividends payable in 1913.,... 17,368,046.93
Reserve for ftfture Deferred ' V r
Dividends . 74,M2MM
Reserves "for Contingencies 12,54f,fi22
Total adriutted aets..-. $595,1 25,046.2 Total fiaMttn $f,12,04C
THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANT OF, NEW YORK
Hate Castor Oil
t iiaaaaaaisiwM-MMMiPMjj jjsppppP
r - v .-, r-
To clean the little one's stomach,
liver and waste-clogged bowels
give gentle "Syrup of Figs."
Look back at your childhood days.
Remember the physic that mother in
sisted on castor oil, calomel, cathartics.
How jou hattd them; how you fought
against taking them.
With our children it's different. The
day ofharsh physic Is over. Wc don't
force the liver and thirty feet of bovelB
now; we coax them. We hae no dread
ed after effects. Mothers who cling to
the old form of phjslc simply don't
realize what they do. The children's
revolt is well founded. Their little
stomachs and tender bowels arc in
jured by them.
If your child is fretful, peevish, naif
nick, 3tomach sour, breath feverish, and
its little system full of cold, lias diar
rhoea, sore throat, stomach ache, doesn't
eat or rest well remember look at the
tongue; if coated, give a teaspoonful of
Svrup of Flg. then don't worry, be
cause vou surely will have a well, smil
ing child In a few hours.
Syrup of Figs uelng composed entire
ly of luscious figs, senna, and aromalics,
simply cannot be harmful. It sweetens
the stomach, makes the liver active,
and thoroughly cleanses the little one's
waste-clogged bowels. In a fewhours
all our bll undigested, fermenting food
and consUpated waste matter gcntlj
moves on and out of the system with
out griping or nausea.
Directions for children of all ages;
also for grown-ups plainly printed on
By all means get the genuine. Ask
our druggist for the full name. "Syrup
cf lies and Elixir or benna, preparea
b the California Fig Syrup Co,
rept nothing else.
Yesterday For Pay Day
Hie hai0fcm Cime
"' r stt-xefr
. i -V lx S ""
TAe New EiMit
Fonrteenth mad F Streets
THE menu of the Table
d'Hote Dinner which will
be served tomorrow night
in the Crystal Room is the most
elaborate we've yet prepared.
Better engage a table and enjoy-
$1.25 Per Plate
Served from 5:50 to S
13 More Columns
of Local Display Advertising
Than Any Other Washington Paper
The TIMES Is the Preferred Paper of Wash
ington's Vast Army of Government Employes
'"" ' I ! ..I I.I- I. '
Advertisers show their appreciation of this fact
by giving The TIMES an ever increasing
volume of their announcements.
Wise Advertisers Reach These Readers
Through The TIMES Regularly
G. F. SCHUTT, Proprietor
-f.r-rjjfijt's- ti3?tfi3- Ai1&3' iVf- - V - -"
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