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She Itehntatan mm&
Fair and Slightly
Yesterday's Circulation, 46.836
WASHINGTON, WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 19, 1918.
PBIOE ONE CENT
BIC HIGH SCHOOL
Senator Hoke Smith Is Against
r Structure Which Will Cost
- More Than Million.
SMALLER BUILDINGS URGED
Institutions of 500 Capacity Op
'posed on Floor By Men
Senator Hoke Smith of Georgia re
newed his. attack on features of the
District appropriation bill as soon
as that measure was taken up in the
Senate this afternoon.
Chairman Ben Johnson of the
House District Committee hovered
about the chamber for awhile but
did not sit by the side of Senator
iSmith as before when the bill was
taken up for discussion.
The first point of attack by Sena
tor Smith was the proposed new Cen
tral High School. The Senate Ap
propriations Committee allowed
$300,000 for this, with the limit of
cost of construction $1,200,000.
Attacks Proposed School.
Senator Smith, alluding to the cost
of site and building; said the new school
would cost $1,500,000 and would provide
for 2,500 pupils.
"I think such a high school, of this
size, unwise both from an educational
and an economic standpoint. declared
tie declared that it would be far bet
ter to build smaller high schools and
put. th era farther out. He discussed
the manual training school facilities in
the District and said they were ample.
Senator Smith said he thought there
was now no provision of lair for this
proposed school and he believed a. point
of order would lie against It. But be
preferred to offer a substitute.
He (hen ottered a substitute pro
Vision for the construction, of a high
school, nheslte and -building to cost
not over (300,000. This was to be
erected on a. site chosen, by the chair
men of the two District Committees
in Congress and the Commissioners.
The suostltute did not require the
purchase of a, new site but made this
Wants Site Farther Out.
Senator Smith in answer to ques
tions said the present site opposite
Garfield Hospital could be used if
peed be, but he thought it would be
possible to sell this and buy sites
farther out. His real objection was
to a school of 2,500 students. Sena
tor Smith urged a policy of building
now one high school to accommo
date 400 students, then in a few
years, as needed, another of the same
size and so on.
Senators Clarks of Wyoming, Curtis,
Smoot. and others Joined in the discus
sion. Senator Curtis brought out the
fact that about 6W pupils go Into the
high schools here every year.
Senator New lands expressed himself
as in sympathy with the idea of small
high schools. He held that they should
not provide for over 600 pupils.
Senator New-lands advocated a di
rector of education In the place of
the present Board of Education.
Descending the amendment of the
committee. Senator Smoot said that
in all the cities of the country, larger
high schools were in vogue today,
That is the trend ot the educa
tional system today," said Senator
Smoot. "If any change is to be made
I would advocate that the young
ladies be trained in schools by them
selves and the young men in schools
Smoot Favors Plans.
Senator Smoot declared the plans
for the new Central High School, if
carried out, would give Washington
one of the most beautiful structures
in the country, and that it would be
a credit to the District.
Senator Webb of Tennessee, who !b a
prominent Southern educator, read a
brief statement in which he said per
sonal contact was the important ele
ment In education and this was not pos
sible where great mastes of pupils were
Senator Curtis and Senator Smith dis
cussed the question of the number of
white pupils in the high schools here,
and differed radically in numbers. Sen
ator Smith maintained the number was
less than 2,000, and -aid the principal
of the Central High School admitted
that the school was not full.
He insisted the report showed the
smaller schools were doing better work.
He commended the remarks of Senator
Well, and said:
"We have Just heard from the man
who haB done the greatest work ever
done in the South as to high schools. I
wouldn't exchange his Judgment for
that of the architect who wants to con
struct a million and a -half dollar build
ing." After further discussion Senator
Smith offered an amendment providing
(Continued n Fifth Page.)
t-uMLVAHY X)K THE DISTHICT.
Fair tonight: Thursday Increasing
cloudiness probably followed by rain,
slightly warmer tonight.
V. S. BUREAU. ! AFFLECK'S.
6 a. m...- 1A S a. m... 23
9 a. m... ......... H 1 9 a. m..... S3
10 a. m 39 J 10 a. m s
11 a. m 41 J 11 a. m 40
12 noon 4S 12 noon 42
1 p. m 50 J 1 p. m ZO
2 p. m DO I 2 p. m 5
High tides 6:23 a. m., and 6:55 p. m.
Low tides 12:46 a. m., and 12:53 p. m.
Sun rises 6:55 Sun sets.
President-Elect Is Perplexed
With Problem of Getting His
Guests to See Parade.
MARINES WILL NOT PARADE
State Militia Send Reports to
Washington Telling of Bands
and. Members Coming.
Governor Wilson is perplexed with
the problem of getting his 250 guests
from the Capitol to the Presidential
reviewing stand after the induction
ceremonies March 4 in time to wit
ness the inaugural parade. Colonel
Birch, his personal aide, is puzzling
over this problem. He may hit upon
the plan of chartering several sight
This question, with the problem
of the official delegation to meet the
governor on March 3, is under dis
cussion at the luncheon now being
held in the 'Metropolitan Club under
the invitation of Chairman Eustis, of
the inaugural committee.
Members In Charge.
Colonel Birch. Senator Pomerene.
! Chairman Thomas Nelson Page, of the
i reception committee, and others are
I trying to devise final plans for Mr.
J Wilson's reception and for the proper
J entertainment of his guests.
, There has been some inclination late
' ly to turn the matter of greeting Pres-
ident Wilson to the Joint inaugural
I committee of the House and Senate.
Definite plans will be formulated dur
in? the late afternoon. Senator Pom
f erene is likely to have a prominent part
In the official greeting, whether the
Senate and House committee or the
citizens' committee is In charge. Ha
is a prominent Democrat and Prince
ton man. Thus far the Joint inaugural
committee of the Senate and House has
felt that Jt was not within their' official
province-, to appoint a reception, com
mittee 'to greet Mr. Wilson. " "
However, this may- be shiftedln-thw
afternoon's meeting, and then Senator
Crane, chairman, will take up the work
at once. A large body of guards will
e picked for duty at the depot on the
afternoon ot .March 3.
New Jersey Delegates.
Governor-elect James Fielder of New
Jersey, now president or the New Jer
sey senate, will come here with his
staff to honor President Wilson. Other
delegations for whom Colonel Birch has
made arrangements are the Essex
Troop, Princeton students, Hudson
county Democrats. Trenton and Bay
onne city delegations, and the Mon
mouth county delegation of 500 or COO
marchers, and the Monmouth county
delegation of 500 or 000 marchers.
ColonelBirch ad the other guccts at
the luncheon will complete all New Jer
sey and Wilson plans this afternoon.
Thus far everything has met with
Oovernor Wilson's approval, although
he 1b deeply troubled over the matter of
transporting his guests n om the Capitol
to the court of honor.
Somo difficulty Is being encountered
In lining up the Confederate delegation
for the Inaugural parade, but the mlll
tarv organizers hope for favorable re
plies from several large companies be
fore the week end.
Gen. James E. Stuart. In charge .f
the G. A. R. group, has appointed A S.
Perham chief of staff and Hosea ' B.
Moulton as adjutant general.
Marines Out of Parade.
Marines are out of the parade defi
nitely. The only available ones are
from too far a distance U bring here
for the parade.
The Delaware governor and staff and
officers of the Delaware militia, will be
quartered at the Continental Hotel, and
the Delaware troops at Gonzaga col
lege. The following is the approximate list
of the organizations that will pass the
President's stand at the Capitol on the
afternoon of March 4:
Grand marshal and btaff;
The Essex troop of New Jersey; Presi
dent's carriage; Vice President's car-
(Continued on Seventh Page.)
Must Not Declare Dividends
From That Portion of the
Net Profits on Hand.
Determined to stop the practice of a
number of national banks throughout
the country paying dividends out of
surplus. Comptroller of the Currency
L. O. Murray today Issued vigorous
orders to all his bank examiners to re
port such proceedings to him. Vio
lators of the law In this respect will
hereafter be vigorously prosecuted. It is
A number of banks In Virginia and
Maryland, though no District institu
tions, arc said to be aimed at among
others in this ordr, which quotes the
law that "no dividend shall be paid by
a national bank to an amount greater
than its net profits on hand, deducting
therefrom its losses and bad debts."
A "bad debt" is legally defined to be
one due to any association on which
interest Is past due and unpaid for a
period of six months, unless well se
cured and in process of collection.
BECKER TO RELY
UPON NEW FACTS
"Little Czar" of New York's
Police Expects Acquittal in
His Next Trial.
SCORES PROSECUTION'S MEN
Thought That No One Would
Give Credence to Their Word
on Witness Stand.
NEW YORK, Feb. 19. With a
sweeping denial of the charges that
fear of the terrible cross-examination
grilling prepared ty the district at
torney kept him from taking the
witness stand to save his life, Lieut
Charles Becker today broke the
silence that has been his since he
entered the death house at Sing Sing.
Unwilling to be interviewed in-person,
the deposed and disgraced "Lit
tle Czar" of the New York police,
consented to consider a list of writ
ten questions, although he stipulated
that he might not answer all. The
officer kept them nearly twenty-four
Denunciation of the veracity pf the
witnesses against him, and confidence
that new evidence recently unearthed
will result in his acquittal In a new
trial, were shown in many of his state
ments. Asked w-hf he had not taken
the stand at his former trial, Becker
said that he never believed the testi
mony of the prosecution's witnesses
would be taken seriously.
"I thought they were so discredited
that no one would believe them," he
Among the other questions and an
swers were: j-'
. TMrt a rilrA fnhfM nnv nnn
have anything to 'dowlth 'ydHxf not
IftaWng tho stand? t - '
rr-T?os!tlvelyW. -- -
Q. Will you outline the testimony
yau can give, now, that you believe
would establish your innocence?
A. It would be unbecoming to do so
now, as I have hopes that a new trial
will be granted me, and besides I don't
fel that I should disclose my defense
at this time.
Q. Do you consider that your case is
bound up with those of the so-called
Has No Belief.
A. Emphatlcaly. no.
Q. Is It your belief that not they
but some one else killed Rosenthal?
A. I have no beliefs that would
amount to anything. My opinion on
such a question is just this it is that
of any other disinterested person.
Q. Jack Rose said on the stand you
declared after Rosenthal had been
shot: "If Whitman hadn't been there
I would have cut his tongue out and
hung It up as a ".varniiig to other
squealers " Did you ever say any
A. This is a positive lie. It will be
proved by newly discovered evldnece
that I was not even in Forty-second
street at the time thev testified. Now
evidence will also show the state
ments of Rose and Weber in this re
spect absolutely false. I will dis
prove their statements about my
meeting them the morning after the
Citizens Urge That Measure Be
Reported Out for Action By
Houses of Congress.
T. C. Homiller, secretary of the Pet
worth Citizens' Association, today sent
a letter In the name of the associa
tion to Congressman Hen Johnson, ask
ing that the chairman of the House
District Committee get the Jones-Works
excise bill reported out.
Mr. Homiller was Instructed to draft
pitch a letter at a meeting, of the asso
ciation In the I'i'tworth Methodist Epis
copal Church last evening. The motion
that this action be taken was carried
unanimously after an address by the
author of the motion, E. W. Oyster.
.Mr. Oyster declared that the matter
of getting the bill reported out Ucb
larjjely in the hands of the chairman of
I the committee
The Petirorthians heard read a letter
from the Washington Railway and Elec
tric Company regarding- the height of
steps on the summer open-side street
cnri Complaint wns made at u previ
ous meeting of the association regard
ing the height of the nrst step. The
company's letter said that changing the
btcps on these cars Is impracticable. It
Is probable that the matter will be
covered In the new equipment regula
tions uhich the District Electric Rail
way Commission Is pieparlng.
Spend your Mid-Lenten Holiday in
Asheville Mountains I.and of the Hky,
Florida, Cuba Many famous resorts in
the Kouth. Southern Railway offers un
excelled service. Consult Agents, 705
16th St. and 90S F St. N. Wr-Xivt.
President Tnft today received from Gen. Yictoriana Huerta, who
caused the arrest of Francisco Madera yesterday and proclaimed
himself proislonal president of Mexico, the following telegram:
MEXICO CITY, Feb. 18.
Uls Excellency the President of the United States, William H. Taft,
Washington, D. C.
I have the honor to Inform you that I hare overthrown this govern.
stent; the forces are with me and from now on peace and pros
perity will reign.
-, .&'its v
GENERAL BLANOUETr -:
mo Is Stationed 'At Ure'TaUcJ-Iuri
Command "of ' x,6oo Hen.
TAKE BEST OF DAY
Bruised and Blistered Feet
Cause a Halt in Army's
March to Capital.
WILMINGTON, Del., Feb. 19. Spend
ing the entire morning at the Hotel Du
pont, their headquarters, for a much
needed rest, "General" Rosalie Gardner
Jones and her little band of pilgrims
who are hiking to Washington thor
oughly enjoyed the respite afforded
Col. Ida Craft and Corporal Martha
Klatschkcn were the most footsore of
the band and they trailed along yes
terday far behind the head of the con
tingent, both t.pent much time last night
and this morning bathing and pouring
soothing lotions on their aching pedal
A strenuous day was planned by the
leaders of the party. Several noon day
meetings v. ere held at various industrial
establishments at noon, principally at
the Pullman car shops, where Miss Eliz
abeth Freeman, the orator of the party,
hpoke to a large number of worklngmen
who gave her respectful attention and
who even cheered.
At 5 o'clock this afternoon an open
air meeting will be held ut the tig
gates of the shipyard and car shops of
the Harlan & Holllngsworth corpora
tion. Tonight the pilgrims will be the
guests of Manager W. L. Dockstador,
at the Garrlck vaudeville theater.' Miss
Freeman and "General" Jones Mil
bpeak, unci gome of the less seusoned
hikers will be prevailed upon to make
Thu pilgrims will continue their Jour
ney tomorrow morning, next stop being
Newaik, Del., where they will remain
all night, and Friday night tllcv will
probably rest at Havre de Grace, Md.
Complete Rough Draft
Of Insurance Report
The rough draft of the report on
the Insurance Investigation recently
conducted by a subcomltmtee of the
House District Committee, Ih com
pute, and the committee will moet
befort the end of the week to ner-"
feet the report. It Is probable that
the report will be made public enrly
The insurance Investigation con
cerned the affairs of the office of the
District Huperlntendcnt of Insurance,
the Commercial and First National
Fire Insurance companies and tho
vuluatlon ot the Southern Uulldinff,
owned by these companies. Th re
port will be a "boll down" of a vol
"New York and Florida Special," a6th
season of finest train operated to Flor
ida. Cuba, South. Atlantic Coast Line.
6:20 p. m. dally. 4 trains dally. Superior
roadway. H06 New Vwk v. n.w.
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Taft of Victory
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GEN. VICTORIANA HUERTA,
President Ad Interim of Mexico.
Vote Is 21 3 to 114 Against Pro
posal to Follow Action of
By a narrow margin the House re
fused this afternoon to override the veto
of the President on the Burnett Immi
gration bill. The vote on the motion to
override was 213 to in, with two mem
bers voting present, which vote was
seven less than the required two
The vote was announced bv Speaker
Clark amid near-dramatic scenes In
the House, and during the roll call nu
merous members kept their own tallies
on the close bullotlng.
Immediately after the announcement
of the vote, and after the applause had
such a motion. Congressman Gordner
Massachusetts moved to reconsider the
vote and a parliamentary wrangle was
Immediately staged In order to make
such a motion. Congresman Gardner
had a few moments before changed his
On the original roll call he voted to
override the veto, but when ho saw the
vote was close he shifted and voted
Moves To Reconsider.
This parliamentary expedient permit
ted him to move a moment later to re
consider the bill, the rules of the House
requiring that no such motion shall be
made except by a member who voted
against the pending proposition
If the Speaker hold the motion to re
consider in order, a desperate effort will
be made this afternoon to round up
(Continued on Page TwlvJ
CALL MADER0 MAD
IN PLOT TO MAKE
DIAZ NEXT RULER
What Mexican Leaders
Are Doing Today
vMadero la prison, to be tried en
charge of insanity and ordered
Felix Diaz, victor In war, slated
as provisional president.
General Mnertn acting .president
pending adjustment of gtvern.
ment affairs' '
General Blanc-net ,1a charge ef
Ore-tee, Salaiar, Gomez, and
Zapata planning new revelation,
none of them agree to tie new
order ef things.
Members ef Madere eafciate, to
gether with personal advisers ef
defeated rnler, held prisoners In
Deputies and Militia Follow
Bloodhounds Through Wilds
in Hunt for Firebugs.
CHARLESTON. W. Va. Feb. 19.
Bloodhounds are leading a score of
deputy sheriffs and half a company
of militia through the wilds of the
Cabin Creek district, near Decota, In
hot pursuit of incindiarles, who this
morning fired the dwellng of MaJ. J.
B. Payne, chief of the nine watchmen
of that territory.
Dozens of citizens of the section,
aroused by the dastardly attempt to
cremate Major Payne and his wife,
have established a vigilance commit
tee, and It is feared that if the fire
bugs are apprehended, even the power
of the armed troops will be insufficient
to avert a return to lynch law.
Major Payne was aroused shortly
before daybreak by flames shooting;
Into the room of bis chamber. In an
Incredibly short time, the room was
all afire, and escape by the stairs was
cut off by a great wall of flames and
smoke. Oil-soaked cloths told the ori
gin of the tire.
By Instantaneous decision and quick
action the Major managed to make a
rope of bed clothes, and fastening- it
about the body of hi swife, who had
fainted from fright, lowered her in
safety from a second-story window.
Just as she touched the ground, a
great tongue of fire shot out, and
nearly .enveloped Major Payne. He
jumped in time to save his clothes
from catching Are, but not without
Buffering burns about the face and
hands from the Intense heat.
The building in which Major Payne
lived was owned by the Carbon Coal
Company. It was a total loas.
REBELS TO HOLD
HIM IN ASYLUM
TO END REVOLT
Huerta, Dictator, Will Be
Ousted to Clear Way For
Congress to Name
MEXICO CITY, Feb. 19. Former President Fran
Cisco Madero today will be adjudged insane and will be
confined in an asylum until peace is thoroughly estab
lished throughout Mexico. Then he will be released and
banished from the country forever.
General. Felix Diaz will be electedprovisional .Presi
dent of Mexico this afternoon when the seriate meets and
the resignation of Madero .is formally accepted.
Meanwhile Gen. Victoriano Huerta is acting as mil
itary dictator of he republic and General Blanquet is mil
itary governor of the federal district which includes the
capital.; . -. fs'-' ?
au last iiigni acu mvs-uwrayagmmxisr was a pris
oner in the national palace under, heavy guard. Doctors,
under theplan mapped out by rebel leaders today, were to
UNITED STATES IS
STILL OK OUTSIDE
Federal Government Refuses to
Take Cognizance of Change
in Mexican Affairs.
The attitude of the United States to
ward Mexico was not changed today,
despite the arrest of President Madero,
his resignation, and the accession of
General Huerta as provisional presi
dent. The sudden change In Mexican poli
tics has brought to this Government no
sense of security for Us interests in
Mexico, has done nothing to convince
State Department officials that a stable
government will be established there,
and la not a guarantee that interven
tion may not yet result.
The better aspects of the situation are
that the elevation of General Huerta
will stop for a few hours, or possibly
days. the murderous fire which has
swept Mexico City eight hours a day
for more than a week, will permit refu
gees to leave the city without taking
their lives In their hands while escap
ing, and will permit temporary sanitary
measures lri Mexico City that may ward
oft the threatened pestilence arising
from the decayed bodies of dead ani
mals and the unburled corpses of sol
diers and noncombatants.
"Incapacity for Government.''
The ease with which Mexico makes
and unmakes presidents was com
mented on by a high official today as
"an evidence of her incapacity for self
government." None of the measures taken prepara
tory to intervention have been revoked,
and none of the orders Issued will be
revoked immediately. The accession of
General Huerta Is not regarded aa the
ead of the tempest, only as a lull
which may be followed by more de
The marine camp win De esiaDiren ai
Guantanamo as ordered, the battleships
in Mexican ports will remain there, the
transports on their way to Galveston
will proceed to their destination, and
the cavalry on the border will be held
in readiness for action.
No steps were taken today toward
recognizing the government of which
General Huerta has proclaimed himself
head. Before formal action of any
kind is taken, the new regime must
prove that It constitutes u government.
In the meantime. Ambassador Wilson
will address himself to General Huerto
If occasion arises, but this will have
no special significance, as the American
ambassador has. during the last ten
days, frequently addressed his demands
to General Diaz, as well as to President
General Diaz attempted to obtain
recognition as a btlllgerent, but was
specifically refused such recognition.
This did not Interfere with Ambassador
Wilson and other diplomats addressing
complaints and requests to him, simply
as a man in command of a military
antlnued on Jlfth Pag.)
- H-'A- W-' Z- V
go there this afternoon and examine
hint for his anlt-r.- Tkef announced
that he would be found mentally In
competent and iroald he hastened to
an aajrlna for criminal,
In the Institution, It was declared,
he would be safe from harm by an
archists and rebels. Then, when
peace was established thoroughly
throughout the nation, he wonld be
subjected to another examination and
Under the plan Madero, when he
is released from the asylum, would
be transported under heavy guard to
Vera Cruz or some other seaport and
sent away from the nation forever.
Diplomats In Mexico City, while not
Interfering' with the program of the
rebels In any way, whispered tcdary
that this clearly is a plot to. get rid
of Madero and get him safelyjeut of
the country without bodily Injury.
The rebels were not eo considerate
of Gustavo Madero, brother of the
deposed President, for they were ar
ranging to execute him for the part
he played in the defense of the pal
ace and fight against the rebels- Gus
tavo Madero Is In Jail, carefully'
guarded, but the people are demand
ing that he be killed.
Senate To Name Diaz.
Members of the Mexican senate plan
ned to meet shortly after noon to re
ceive the resignation of Madero from
the presidency. When this was accept
ed, and there was no question but that
It would be. for the senate several days
ago urged Madero to resign. Diaz was
to be chosen president ad Interim.
General Diaz and his followers this
morning were preparing for a tri
umphal march from Cludelada where
he directed his winning battles, to
the national palace.
The streets have been thronged since
daylight with thousands who have
been waiting to see the victorious
rebel leader pass. Houses lb all parts
of the city are gay with bunting.
Everyone is enthusiastic
Battle Is Eorgotten.
The fighting. In which fully 3,000
were killed and 6.000 wounded, appar
ently has been forgotten.
Gen. Inez Salazar and the rebel
chiefs of the north were In conference
today at OJltos. preparaing to force the
(Continued on Fourth Page.)
IN CONGRESS TODAY.
Senate met at noon.
District bill again taken up for dis
cussion. Foreign Relations Committee meets
but does not consider Mexican Inter
vention. Physical valuation- bill ordered fav
Fight over free seeds expected.
Met at 10:3).
After transaction of routine business.
Congressman Burnett moved to pass
Immigration bill over President's
veto, and spirited debate followed.
Secretary MacVeagh appeared before
Committee on Expenditures in Treas
Rules Committee agreed .on rule to limit
debate on sundry civil bit.
Debate on sundry civil bill probably
will follow vote on Immigration
-r-J'. si-ii j.Jj-.h.U