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-Cloudy and Unsettled This.
Afternoon and Tonight.
SENATE ASKS AN EXPLANATION
BY SYLVESTER FOR FAILURE
TO PROTECT. SUFFRAGETTES
OF TRAFFIC RULE
Police Superintendent, in Re
port, Says Force Was
Too Small to Meet
Major Sylvester, Superintendent of Police; -the police
force of Washington, and all of the Commissioners will be
put on the carpet by the Senate because of the,disgraceful
scenes which were permitted to occur -yesterday in the"
course of the suffrage parade. - , ? -
Already two resolutions have been put: into the Sen
ate, one by Senator Nelson and the other by Senator Jones,
looking to a hearing of all of the facts in connection with
Senator Nelson of Minnesota early this morning intro
duced a resolution calling for a report of the Commission
ers and Superintendent of Police as to why the resolution of
Congress authorizing the stopping of traffic and the street
cars on Pennsylvania avenue at the time of the-parade had
not been enforced. This resolution was promptly adopted
by the Senate. This action was taken prior to the adjourn
ment of the Senate at 4 : 10 this morning.
Shortly after the Senate convened at 9:30 Senator
Jones of Washington
sweeping resolution providing for an
investigation by the Senate District
Committee of the failure of the palice j
to preserve order.
Fifteen minutes later. Senator!
Bristow reported the bill to the'Sen
ate and it was adopted.
Disgrace, Says Nelson.
Senator Jones. In a brief but Indignant
"The papers are filled with statements
as to what happened In the course of
the suffrage parade. I am reliably In
formed that actual conditions were a
disgrace to our civilization and that the
police were negHsent."
Senator Nelson declared the failure
to preserve order was "a most disgrace
ful affair," discreditable to the police
force of the city." The Jones resolu
tion, which will be adopted In all prob
ability, ,was referred to the Committee
on Contingent Expenses, and Senator
Briatow, who Is on the committee, wants
to set a pt'll or tne memoem wiui a
view of getting it reported back with
Sylvester Makes Report.
Admitting that the combined efforts
of special and regular police were In
adequate to cope with the crowds on
pageant day. Major Sylvester, Superin
tendent of Police, today made a report
on the lack of protection and the insults
and rough treatment given marchers
yesterday afternoon. The District Com
missioners made public his official "ex
planation" at noon,- lie declared that
precincts we're stripped of regulars to
cope with the situation. These, with
the specials, were Insufficient. Vehicles
of all kinds were removed from the line
of march, but even tlfcn the force was
not large enough, ,eys the jnajor.
Regarding failure to keep the crowds
back of the ropes. Major Sylvester says
that police, twelve automobiles, with
police Insignia and the motor patrol
waxon, policed tbe-route. Things were
In fair condition at 2 o'clock, he, says,
when he went over the route. But
afterward the crowd went beyond the
ropes, placed according to directions in
a Congressional resolution.
" "The only real crowd that massed,
String primary trouble to the police,
was when the cablo used in front of the
Kw "5Vilh-id Hotel broke," declares the
The major states that all the avail
able force was used, consistent with
proper handling of the Union Station
Continuing, the report says: "The
(Continued on Page Fourteen.)
FORECAST FOB THE DISTRICT.
Cloudy and unsettled this afternoon
tonight. Bomewnat comer tomgnt.
B. . BUREAU. I AFFLECK'S.
S a. xn....-
9 a- m
10 a. m
11 a. m....
i2 noon..,. -
1 p. m
2 p. m.....
11 a. m....
6:50 a. m. and
JBfh tides 5 io a. m. and 66 p
ti4M-32:B a. m. and 12:13 p. m.
Yesterday's Circulation, 53,100.
VAST CROWD SEES
Cheers Both Wilson and Taft
at Impressive Ceremonies
on Stand at Capitol.
The carriages bearing President Taft,
President-elect Wilson, and Vice Presl-ient-eiect
Marshall, reached the foot of
the steps before the main entrance to
the Capitol at about 10:30, and amid roars
of applause from the great crowd the
outgoing Chief Executive and his suc
cessor passed through the bronze doors
and along the corridor to the Presi
dent's room at the north of thn Sonate
1 chamber. Governor Marshall was led to
the Vice President's room near by, wait
ing the completion of the business ot
the dying session of Congress.
President Taft, while Governor Wil
son looked on, plunged Into the work
of signing bills as they were brought to
him from the Senate. A great heap of
documents accumulated at the end of
the Lincoln table as lie affixed his sig
nature to more and more enactments,
until finally the signal was given that
the Senate awaited Its own dissolution.
Hardly had the President and President-elect
been seated In the chamber
of the Senate, facing the assembled
members of botli houses, the Diplomatic
Corps, and high judicial officers, than
the Vice President-elect was ushered
In to take the oath, recited to him by
Senator Galllnger of New Hampshire.
President of the Senate pro tempore
The Senate then adjourned to immctll-
t atey resume Its session as part of the
Prayer Opens Session.
Prayer by the chaplain opened the
Democratic regime In the chamber.
Vice President Marshall then rose, and
In a clear, steady voice delivered his
Inaugural address. When he had con
cluded he called upon the Senators
elect to come forward, and administered
the oath to them. The Seriate was or
ganized for the qomlng two years.
The grand procession to the Capitol
steps followed, where the formal trans
fer of authority from William Howard
Taft to Woodrow Wilson from the old
Republican to the Democratic party
was to take place.
First walked the sergeants-at-arms
of the two houses of Congress, fol
lowed by the marshals or he Supreme
Court and of the District of Columbia,
then the justices of the Supreme Court
In their black gowns, with the com
mittee on arrangements, acting as
guard of honor to the President and
the President-elect, who walked arm
Immediately behind them were the
ambassadors to the United Stales ami
the ministers plenipotentiary, in gold
lace and shining decorations, while
Vice President Marshall and the Sec
retary of the'Senate were led by. former
Vice Presidents Levi P. Morton and
Charles W. Fairbanks, and were fol-
(Contlnued on Sixth Page.)
TAFT SIGNS DISTRICT
BILL AS LAST ACT
Measure Carries Excise Meas
ure and La Follette Amend
.ment Prohibiting Mergers.
President Taft's last official act be
fore his succession in office by Wood
row Wilson today was his signature to
the bill appropriating Jll.SOO.oni) for tho
District of Columbia for the fiscal year
ending July, 1914. The bill also carries
an excise provision, a provision creating
a public utilities commission, and the
La Follette mc-amire prohibiting merger
of local public utilities.
The Piesldent entered the room set
aside for his occupancy in the Senate
Immediately on his arrival. He romaintd
there for an hour and u half, signing
about forty bills
When he had plated his signature on
the District measure, his last official
act had been accomplished and, with
President-elect Wilson and Vice lresl-dent-elect
Marshall, he entered the Sen
ate chamber and the formal exercises
incident to President-elect Wilson's In
auguration were begun.
New Orleans Gay
NEW ORLEANS. La.. -Match I -Nw
Orleans made merry today in honor of
the Inauguration of the first Suuthein
born President that the nation lus had
In nealy half century. Cutis! street
an, other leading thoroughfare were
decorated with lings, and when the
bulletin came in announcing that Mr.
Wilson had taken the oath of office
cverj boat In the harboi lld down its
whistle. This, added to the din that
was originating from all varieties of
noise-making devices in the lianas ,f
the crowd, rolled out over tho lowlands,
and was caught up by the boats on
It Is probable that never beforr. dur
ing Lent, has such a Jollification taken
place in this strongly Catholic city.
Tumulty Wears Silk
Hat; Daughter Better
Joseph Patrick Tumulty, Secretary to
President Wilson, wore his first silk hat
and English cutaway todaj with a
weight that lias been pressing upon hini,
lifted from his shoulders. For this
morning, Alice, the second of his; nix
children, who has been dangerously ill
of mastoiditis, was pronounced out of
Mrs. Tumulty and the little Tumultys,
including tho four-month-old baby, will
be able to witness the Inaugural re
view from tho President's stand In the
Court of Honor.
Tumulty wore his glistening "tile"
Jauntily back on his bead, and declared
Senate Resolution on Police Case
RESOLVED, That the CommissiOHers of the District of Colombia aad'
the Superintendent oi Police of the District of Columbia be, and
they are hereby, directed to iaforn the 'Senate why the. direction
of Senate joint resolution 164, that the SaperlBteadent of Police
of the District of Columbia prevent vaj Interference with the suf
frage procession on the third of March 10l3,Mraa, -Hot .-complied
with, Bjr Senator Kelson. , "
Which the Suffragette Paraders Had to
SMM-&bBiMLSS'' -'- ?ir Jjyfft
Last Act of Dying Legislature An Attempt to
Defeat President's Decision "Uncle Joe"
Gannon Called to Chair as Final Honor From
the House of Representatives.
By THEODORE TILLER.
The Sixty-second Congress has passed Into history; its record of ac
tion and non-action is closed; the gavels have been laid aside and the
changes In the legislative branch of the Government for which the nation
has waited for months aro here.
Dramatic and spectacular scenes attended the wind-up in both
branches of Congress. An eleventh-hour attempt to over-ride the Presi
dent's veto on the sundry civil bill failed in the Senate after the veto had
been overriden in the House.
The Indian appropriation bill failed, too. for the hands of the clock
moved on and si President-elect waited for the oath of ofllce.
CONGRESS PASSES INTO HISTORY.
The IIouso adjourned at 12:05, after
"I'ncle Joe" Cannon, who leaves Con
gress after thlity-elght years' of ser
Ice, had been called to preside momen
tarily over that body. Tears stood In
the ejes of ma:y a Deniociat and Re
publican ns the old political warhorse
took the gave! in tils left hand and
banged the desk.
It was the last stand of what tho
country once called "Cannonlsm," but
toward which it feels kinder toda.
It was almost a half hour later before
the Senat' adjourned. The President's
veto had iSluyed matters there and the
clock j turned back. Just as It was
In the House.
Prayers For New Executive.
When the Senate clock showed that it
was officially 12:3t the Vice President
elect came In to take the oath of office.
Tho members of the Senate, of the
IIouso. of the Supreme Court, diplo
mats, and distinguished guests occupied
seats on the Moor.
At 12:34, actual time. President Taft
and Woodrow Wilson entered the cham
ber, taking seats In front of the ros
trum. They faced the . Senate with
bowed heads as the chaplain asked the
.blessing of the Almighty upon men who
are responsible for the Government of
the nation. ," - '
Ai the Prealdent-elect entered the
EVENING, MAECH 4,
Senate chamber he looked straight
ahead. So did President Taft. After
the prayer, the Prcsldent-elecl glanced
about tho chamber, but his eyes did
not go toward the gallery, w here a
proud family sat.
A few moments later the oath was
administered to Thomas itiley Marshall,
then to tho Senators-elect. Tho pro
i ession began forming and the entire
assemblage on the Senate floor and In
the galleries moved slowly toward the
inaugural stand on the eastern portico
where a new President was to be made.
Tho proceedings in the House were
less spectacular, but hardly the less
colemn. Good-byes were snld In the
lower bod : Speaker Champ Clark told
how he might have been Vice Presi
dent, "except that I preferred to stay
Within the space of one hour and a
quarter those who beheld the complete
scene at the Senate end df the Capitol
and the east front saw the Senate de
clared adjourned without day. the oath
administered to the Vice President, the
address of this official, tho calling of
the Senate In extraordinary session.
the administering of the oath to new
Senators, the oath administered to
President Wilson, and the delivery of
his inaugural address. Those who
looked on could not forget 'the historic
importance of the ending of a. Ropub
(Contlnued on Page Fourteen.)
- ''''WW 7
WILSON BECOMES PRESIDENT
PROCESSION STMTS ON WAY
Fight Their Way
iiizjvi?.z: .wsmK?z 5-
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. r-i'A 'i WlVi-.' "TraW '"f
-Photo by Q. V. Buck.
: SUNiffllL BILL
House Votes to Override, But
Senate Fails to Take Action,
and Measure Fails.
The sundry eivll bill, carrying about
$118,000,000, was prevented from becom
ing a law today by the veto of Presi
The House passed the bill over th
veto by a vote of 2W to 50. In the Sen
ate the question of overriding tho veto
was not voted upon arid the Senate ad
journed leaving the measure unacted
upon. This means the end of the bill
for this session.
President Taft's veto was based upon
the fact that he objected to a provision
in the measure exempting labor organi
zations and associations of farmers
from prosecution under the Shermun
law. Ho condemned this as class legis
lation of the most lcIous sort.
When the question of overriding tho
veto was brought up in the Senate, ths
House haIng already voted to override
It, it was already past noon. The clock
was turned back half an hour. Senator
Polndexter of Washington delayed pro
ceedings and prevented a vote by a
spoeeh of considerable length hi which
he dealt chiefly with the failure of the
police to preserve order during the suf
frage parade yesterday. Senator Poln
dexter condemned the police severely
for their failure to keep order. He de
elaied the had allowed automobiles to
move through the parade and ignored
the order of Congress to stop traflle on
Senator Fletcher objected that the
remarks were not in order, but the
chair held It was in order to discuss
an.' feature ot the bill which had
Senator Swnnson urged Senator Poin
dexter to slop discussion If he wanted
the bill oted on. Senator Poindexter
continued to talk. Senator Smith of
South Carolina also Joined in the dis
cussion. The upshot was that when
finally Senator Galllnger declared the
Sennte adjourned sine die the veto had
not been overridden and no vote had
Important District items wero con
tained in the measure. Including the pro
ciricn to enlarge the Capitol grounds
and the permission to enlarge Zoologi
New York Central Fined
$30,000 in Rate Case
BUFFALO. N. V March 4. Judge
Hazel today Imposed a fine of $30,000 on
the New York Central railroad after a
plea of guilty was entered by Its at
torneys to Indictments charging viola
tion of the Interstate commerce act.
The road, was charged with having
failed to observe published tariff rates.
" i ' . vjmst ir?
Great Crowds in Avenjue See
Nation's Forces Pa$s in
Review of New
..- : -
Woodrow Wilsori of Newgbccame President of
the United States shortly after nooa-ioday.
"He stood on 'the historic easfern -portico of the Qip
itol, pressed his lips to a Bible, repeated the oath of office
after,the Chief Justice, and, in the"presence of the Creator
and thousands of American5 citizens promised to serve bis
country faithfully and weltduring the next four years. "
A few moments before Thomas Riley Marshall of
Indiana had taken a similar oath as-Y?ce President ofrthe
SETTING TYPICALLY, AMERICAN.
Thus passed the old regime and came.the new. The
setting of this quadrennial event in a nation's-history was
- The ceremonial was dignified, simple, and yet niag-
nificent. There was pomp without pretense, enthusiasm
without servility, splendor without extravagant display.
Americans hailed Woodrow Wilson as an American, and
there was about it all the paving feature of. democracy
sometimes absent in ceremoniaIswhfch-attend the indue
tion into office of the rulers of other4arids. '
Thirty thousand men and women, representing every
condition in life, throngedthe eastera'porfa'cojand the Cap
itol grounds. Along Pennsylvania: avenue-nearly half a
million people waited to pay homage to a new Chief Execu
tive and to bid godspeed to the old.
In Democracy's heart there remained a warm spot
today for William Howard Taft, the private citizen, whose
mistakes were political and whose going brought a meed
The old President and the new, according to seldom
violated, precedent, rode back to the White House together
after Mr. Wilson's inaugural address. The plaudits of thou
sands rang in their ears as the carriage moved from the
Capitol toward the Executive Mansion.
WILSON BOWS AS TAFT SMILES.
President Wilson arose and bowed to the right and
left as he passed through the lanes of cheering humany
Former President Taft, the burdens of office off hi&ih'ouf
ders, sat back and smiled. It was the American .wrpbr dS4
in? mines and both were content. $- . ?VVSj J"
At this hour the inaugural
Eighty thousand soldiers, veferahmarcfiers,
resplendent in gold braid and specialunlbrifhs, tramped
along in martial array.- - - V
The Presidential party, meanjJLmehad gone more
rapidly to the White House for a luncheon, prepared under,
ex-President Taft's direction, but not partaken by him.
At 2:45 o'clock President Wilson, his kinsmen, and dis
tinguished guests reviewed the paradcfrorrLtheEresiden.
tial stand at the Court of Honor. ,.. ,
Tonight the new President, frdmlhei'rear porch of his
new home, will witness the largest andmostbeautifu) re
works display ever given in Washington. f&
The. weather man smiled
felt it was his good luck still
was the air. The sun shone
President yilson was joyous
inclement weather. "
wniwf f ttrafteBsaBrwat.
m f .
'rltS&, . j
on MrWilsontoday. - He i
pursuing him. Mild as spring 4
only injhearlympnugg jwt-yJ
that it set tor us weigiu ratner ngni
ly." " s