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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, April 07, 1913, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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Ute Ifeeftinatan
WEATHER FORECAST:
Fair tonight and Tuesday.
Full Report Page 2.
rvus mrAJiciAi.
FinalEdition
Kw Trfc Kukt
TTM35ER 7777.
Yesterday's Circulation, 47,087.
WASHINGTON, MONDAY E VEXING, APRIL. 7, 1913.
Fourteen Pages
BICE ONE CENT
flroetf
DEM A
AS EXTRA
NEW CONGRESS MEETS
Champ Clark Made Speaker of House Mann
and Murdock Recognized by Republicans
and Progressives Galleries Are Crowded
to See Routine of Opening Day.
MANY VETERANS ARE SUPPLANTED
BY COMPARATIVELY YOUNG MEMBERS
Democracy went on trial again today when the gavel
fell at noon calling to order the first session of the Sixty
third Congress.
The Congress is convened at the instance of the
Democratic President, the first the nation'has had in six
teen years; the Senate is Democratic by a majority of six;
the followers of Jefferson are so numerous in the House
that the party majority is top heavy.
With all branches of the Government in control of
the Democrats, that party tomorrow will begin the actual
work of tariff revision and will be started when the Presi
dent of the United States reads a tariff message in the
.House chamber.
Packed galleries watched loday the opening scenes
in the House and Senate. Thewatchers were representa
tive of -nearly lOO.'ooDOOfeewlnosTs will be'
turned for the next four months upon
the acta of Democrats called In ex
tra BCSBlon.
Introduces Bill.
Following the routine of organization,
of the House Congressman Underwood
introduced the tariff bill which is to
make or mar the party. It has not yet
been determined whether legislation
other than the tariff will be considered.
at the extra session.
Party leaders are gravely aware to
day of the trial which faces the Dem
ocracy, and intermingled with the ex-
uoerance, or the rank and file of the
national legislators there was a feeling
on tne part or the leaders of deep re.
EDonslblllty.
Of the four hundred and thirty-five
members or tne new House, 408 answer
ed to their names today when the roll
of the States was called. There are
three vacancies. Once more tne House
listened to the nominating speeches in
behalf of the rival candidates for the
speakership, although it was a foregone
conclusion that Champ Clark would be
re-elected by an overwhelming Demo
cratic vote.
Palmer Names Clark.
Congressman Palmer of Pennsylvania
nominated Mr. Clark, who was subse
quently elected; Congressman Greene of
Massachusetts nominated Congressman
James R. Mann of Illinois as the Re
publican candidate, and Congressman
Chandler, Bull Moose member Irom
New York, put In nomination Victor
Murdock. the Progressive candidate.
Admission to the Senate and House
galleries today nas limited, and hun
dreds failed to obtain entrance at both
ends of the Capitol. The expectant
throngs began to arrive long before
noon and disappointment nas written
on many a face as the applicants were
turned away from the galleries.
It has been a long time, as parties
go, since the Democrats have had unity
at both ends of the Capitol and the
White House, but the elation over the
return of the party to complete power
was sobered today by the realization
of the giant task which Democracy
faces. ,
The opening scenes were typical of
those which have gone before except
for the increased House membership.
the almost unprecedented influx of new
members and the changed appearance
of the chamber. House veterans missed
the old revolving chairs and the desks
and sat rather uncomfortably. It seem
ed. In the new benches.
The Senate Is a rontlnuous body and
was In session immediately following
the Inauguration of the new President,
hence chief interest today centered in
the House where more than four hun
dred members awaited to take the oath
of office.
.Of tills number nearly a third were
lecrult legislators, new members who
rome to Washington with roseate
dreams of a great career, of long public
service, of the praise of the multitude.
Man of them, no doubt, will realize
(Continued on Second Page.)
IN CONGRESS TODAY.
SENATE.
Senate met at noon for special session
of Sixty-third Congress.
After brief routine session, takes re
cess until 2 o'clock.
Senator Hitchcock presents currency
bill.
HOUSE.
Houfce met at noon.
An organization nas perfected and
Speaker Clark was re-elected.
A committee was appointed to notify
the President of the convening of
Congress.
The Underwood tariff bill was introduced.
S N AD
SESSION OF
MADERO'S
IMTIirn HZS- HARRIET LAIDLAW, ' I Z !
1
Hints That Wilson Suppressed
Appeal to Taft Message
Reached Him, However.
Following closely on the heels of
startling charges made by Luis Man
uel Hojas against Henry Lane Wil
son, United States ambassador to
Mexico, Mrs. Madero, the late Mexican
President's mother, hints strongly
that the ambassador suppressed an
urgent appeal to President Taft for
Madero's life.
The appeal of the heartbrokpn moth.
er, however, reached President Taft
and now It rests in the archives of
the State Department. This The Times
f,TneV ?od auth"-ity this after
noon. Whether or not a letter of
Madero's wife, calling attention to tbe
lh.S..tele?.ram: eve.r ca"ie to the
i..,: .1. . .."., lon is "t known.
ui me luimmnou oi secretary of
State Bryan this afternoon Is that
both letters are now on flle with the
State Department.
The mother's telegram was a fervid
Sr UWh I;78'dent Taft to .avthe life
of both Madero and Vice President
deUntreZ,hPThe7 " reached the Presi
dent, the Mexican government had al-
t,l!ad,y -,been ntlfIel that ahv violence
lo Madero and Suarez would be regard
wd1iOUr8,v b' "e I'nlted States. This
h f?, ar, as the psldent could go!
The wife-s letter was written from Hal
thi?.MaFh.2' and tne "Sumption Is
that it reached Washington too late to
be presented to Mr. Taft as President.
Madero's Mother Makes Charges.
Mrs. Madero. the mother. In a long
statement on the Mexican situation,
charges that Ambassador Wilson plain
ly let her understand that Madero's
unpleasant captivity resulted from his
avoidance of the American embassy and
Its advice.
Secretary of State Bryan practically
admitted that he had seen both of the
messages but refused to give any de
tails of their contents or confirm mes-
MadeeirosUrPOrtlntr " be tho8e ot "
He does admit hownvsr .-. ...
rpplv tho , ""'."" "u
SF CTr?F S b.aandUoC
bS?.1?'"" are "ot new to Mr
ni3n,n; "S te&vL eoml
mendations of Wilson's work in Mex?c2"
The P.ojas statement, while probacy
not conHldTfl nfflQi j f'uuauiy
slUon Kojas occupieV a- second v
deputies, will not In Itself be the means
of eliminating the ambassador from his
present berth. m n,s
Secretary's Mind Still Open.
Mr. Bryan admits that his mind is
still open on charges and commenda
tions In the Wilson case.
How the Rojas letter reached the
oiaic urimi uiieiii is mm unexplained
Mr. Bryan found It on his desk In goln
over some papers. It was not In an
envelope, and he has ben unable to
find out w hat mysterious messenger left
it for him In a concealed mass of
paper. i
ACCUSES (J
Suffrage Parade Scenes, and Two
Photo by Buck. Copyrlsht. UlX by the Taylor Studio.
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ENVOY MARSHALL yNDECIOED coifFER ON RULES TO SENATE DELAYED VOTES PRESENTED
N H 1 HK' UAH rK
Vice President Awaiting Advice
Before Taking Action in Case
Against Senator.
Vice President Marshall said today he
had not yet decided what action he
would take In regard to the charges
filed with him Saturday against a mem
ber of the Senate. These are the charges
filed with the secretary of the Senate
by Jim R. Jacobs, former Democratic
national committeeman from Okla
homa. 'I have read the statement and locked
It In my safe." said the Vice President.
It was delivered to me Saturday by
the bergeant-at-urms Just as I was
leal Int; the building. I am taking coun-
bel now as to what I should do in the
matter. In any event, no action w-lll be
taken today. It Is my first Impression
that it Is not my duty to lay the mat
ter before the Senate. However, if on
full conhideration it appears that it is
my duty to do so, I will do that duty
and hand the statement down to the
Senate "
Vice President Marshall Indicated that
he was placed In a difficult position
under the rlrcumstances, and that, in
asmuch as he was new to the prac
tices of the Senate, he would have to
rely for adlcc on some of the older
Senators.
Hitchcock Introduces
New Currency Measure
Sen? tor Hitchcock, of Nebraska, to
day Introduced a comprehensive cur
rency bill In the Senate. The bill Is
one of a number of currency reform
measure!, t-xpected to flood Congress.
Senator Hitchcock proposes to or
ganize twenty national reserve as
sociations of bankers' banks In the
twenty leading clearing house renti-rs
of the country. The capital of each
asbOdatUn is to bi equal to 10 per
cent of the capital and surplus of the
banks which hecome us memoi-r.-i.
each bank becoming a stockholder to
that extent. State banks and trust
companies which co'mnly with the re
quirements may become members, as
well as national banks.
Judge Mullowny Will
Settle Traffic Cases
Judge James L. Pugh. who has been
sitting on the District Branch of the
Police Court for the p-ist year, has ex
changed with Judge Alexander R, Mul
lowny, who has been sitting In the
United States branch of the court.
As a result of the change. Judge
Mullowny will be called on to ettle
all questlonh involved In the new traf
fic regulations jnd other District legislation.
SUFFRAGISTS MARCH UP CAPITOL STEPS.
Election of Chairmen and Rule
of Majority in Committee to
Be Sharply Opposed.
A meeting of tho Senate Democratic
caucus Is being held this afternoon to
consider revision of the rules as recom
mended some days ago by the Demo
cratic steering committee.
The proposed rules would make the
committee chairmen elective and would
make the chairman 'of a committee
completely subordinate to the majority
of the committee. That is, they would
empower the majority of the Demo
crats on a committee to call a meeting
of the committee anil n namo sub
committees and conference committees. '
- ......... in.i, in mi. ci cin.tr Willi
Senator Kern recently urged adoption
of thefe rules It Is expected that
sharp opposition will dc-elop.
The steering committee will soon meet
to assign Senator Lowls to committed
places.
The caucus does not expect to discuss
tariff mattr-rs this afternoon.
Appeal
s Court Sustains
Damage Suit Verdict
Associate Justice Charles H. Itnbb, of I
the District Court of Appeals handed lerlcs and attempted to address the Sen
down an opinion today affirming the I n,f- An old colored man about town
i1.m., , ,,, ,.., , , ., .. I got up and attempted to deliver a "m"s-
judgment of the lower court In directing , S!U. from Go,r ' one tlme a8
h verdict for the defendants In the
suit of Dethlef C. Hansen, a New Yntk
'attorney, against Do Lancy Xlcoll,
George Gordon Battle, nnd Turner II. 1
Wlcktisham for J200.01M damages for all- i
Ieged conspiracy
In the original action Tnomas F I
vvuisn, millionaire copper klnj, was
named as a defendant, but he died sub
sequent to the Institution of th suit.
The sjit was the outgrowth of an ac
tion broucht In the Xew York courts by
Vloletto Watson against Mr. Walsh, in
which Mr Hansen appeared as attorney
for the young woman.
Dr. Mary Walker Is
Refused Admittance To
Senate Press Gallery
Admittance to the Senate press
gallery was today denied Dr.
Mary Walker, the aged dress
reformist, who nearly fifty years
ago was granted, by special act
of Congress, the right to wear
trousers.
She appeared today in her accus
tomed attire black suit, white
shirt, black string tie, and silk
hat with a long black overcoat
of the Women Who
Police Prevent "Herald of
Peace" From Delivering His
Talk From Gallery.
"Mr. Chairman," "Mr. Chairman,"
shouted George B. Clemmer, of Monroe,
N. C, from the men's gallery in the
Senate today. Just as the routine open
ing pession was taking a recess until
l! o'clock.
All ees were cast In the direction
whence issued the cries. They beheld
a young man of about twenty-five.
smooth-faced, being forcibly led out of
the gallery by Doorkeeper Dougherty.
As he was led away Clemmer said he
Was
the herald of the Prince of
Peace." He had cards giving himself
this designation.
Up wus taken to the office of th
captain of police, where he was intar
rogated. He Is looked on as a harm
less crank.
Clemmer said to newspaper men:
"I hae a message from Jesus to de
liver. 1 have to deliver it. If 1 die."
Asked what It was, he refused to say.
Clemmer told Captain McGrcw that
ho was an eangcl!st of thu Methodist
Church, South. He seemed Inoffensive
tnough, but was tinned over to the
Sixth striet police station.
The incident today Is by no means
U Ittwill, nruiMlont fin n mtmlui. .t ..
caslons. persons have arisen In the cal-
promptlj thrown out.
D I
1 I UU leSSIVeS LOSC IH
C:4. U.,. CU.lnt.
I II Ol llUlldC Oftll lllldll
The Progressives of the House lost
their first skirmish late today when they
failed to prevent Congressman II Olln
Young of Michigan from taking the
oath of office. Congiessman Hlne-
li.tugh of Illinois challenged the right
of Mr Young to his seat, alleging that
he had not been elected, and was not
cntltltd to be sworn In Mr. Young's
Bull Moose opponent has already tiled
notice of contest which will be ncted
upon on Its merits. On motion of Mr.
Fitzgerald the House voted today 266
to 26 that Mr Young was entitled to
take the oath, ami hold his set until
the Elections Committee Investigates the
charges that ljis Progressive opponent
has brought.
Preston Gibson Wears
Bandage Over Eye
Preston Gibson Is confined to his
residence at 1712 Rhode Island av
enue with a bandage over his left ye.
the result of having ruptured a blood
vessel.
The attending oculist says there Is
no danger.
Spoke At Capitol
MRS. BEATRICE HALE.
Thousand Suffragettes Storm
Capitol to Present Their
Petitions for Ballot.
Bringing a' message from every Con
gressional district in the Union to
their Representatives and Senators
and declaring that the women of
America would keep up the fight for
political enfranchisement until they
have achieved it. representatives of
equal suffrage stormed Congress at
noon today.
Resplendent In their spring gowns,
531 enthusiastic women, young and
old. with two bands playing stirring
music, marcned down Pennsylvania
avenue to the Capitol.
Miss Allco Paul, chairman of the
congressional committee; Mrs. Har
riet Burtcn Laldlaw, and Mrs. Forbes
Robertson Hale, of New York; Mrs.
Mary Were Dennett, secretarj of tho
National American "Woman Suffrage
Association, and Miss Janet Richards,
all prominent advocates of woman's
suffrage. led the procession.
There was plenty of police protec
tion. Warned by the demonstration
of March 3, the authorities were on
their giiard and everything about the
demonstration passed off quietly and
in accordance with previous arrange
ments. No Attack By "Antis."
Once or twice during tho mass
meeting in the Columbia, the playing
of one of the bands outside or the
endeavor of the crowd outside to
move a little farther Into the audi
torium started a rumor of an attack
by "antls," but these rumors were
false.
The parade started propmtly at
11-15 and marched down eleventh
street to Pennsylvania avenue ami
directly to the Capitol grounds. Leav
ing the bands and banners at the en
trance, the women, their numbers now
Increased to nearly a thonvxtiii nr.
ceeded in two divisions around the
Capltcl to the east entrance and were
met In the jotunda by a reception
committee of Congres.s:i -n r.nd Sen
ators from tha States which have
equal suffrage.
Ami ng these were Senators Suther
land. Borah. Brady. Ashurst, Works.
Clanp. Dixon. Chamberlain. lones.
Polndcxttr. La Follette. Warren, and
'"lark, and Congressmen Taylor, Hob
son. Stephens, l.tnthicum. Roberts,
Ha'vley, Howell. Humphrey, ia Fol
lette and Nelson, of Wisconsin.
Petitions Are Presented.
Only the briefest welcome was ex
tended to the women by the Senators
and Congressmen, the petitions were
presented, and n partj of 150 leaders of
the suffrage movement were Invited to
occupy seats In the gallery of the House
to view the opening of the Sixty-third
Congress.
Tho Columbia Theater was Jammed to
the doors at 10 o'clock, when Miss Alice
(Continued on Pag Twelve.)
DEMOCRATIC TARIFF BILL
BEARING BIG FREE LIST
INTRODUCED IN HOUSE
Chairman Underwood Offers Measure Which Takes
Duties Off Necessaries of Life and Puts Bur
den on Luxuries Tax on Incomes of More
Than $4,000 Annually Is Feature.
PASSAGE iN LOWER BODY ASSURED,
BUT FIGHT MAY DEVELOP IN SENATE
By THEODORE TILLES.' :
The Democratic tariff bill, taxing vigorously the lux
uries and putting on the free list or the. near free list the
necessaries of life, was introduced in the House today by
Congressman bscar W. Underwood, chairman of the
Ways and Means Committee.
It is an Administration measure, and its passage
.through the House is assured. Sporadic opposition may
develop in the Senate, but it is believed that the bill in its
essentials will stand the acid test of the upper house.
The bill goes to the Democratic caucus tomorrow, and
within a week the House will have settled down to debate
one of the most drastic tariff revisions in the history of the'
country.
The bilK in alLDrdbabilitv. will h'e. the savior nr rI
- sogofBernocritic
iwjuwvujji Htuupjr is uui U4UUCU, ii pruspcniy. i
uie cnances ror a uemocratic
materially enhanced. If the bill fails to brinjfgjef, if
wrecks industry, the party will be shorn of f: jjjrju 1 as
were the Republicans when the Payne bill failed to make
good to the consumer.
FREE LIST AND INCOME TAX MAIN FEATURES. -
Taken as a whole, the free list and the Income tax are the hnnan
interest features of the new bill. The former is designed to relieve Mr.
Ultimate Consumer and Mr. Common People. The latter is drawn to tax
wealth, to wring tribute from every person who receives an Income of
more than $4,000 per annum. The tax ranges from 1 to 4 per cent.
The bill reveals the dominating Democratic idea that the market
basket and the purse may each be made heavier by the free listing ot the
necessaries of life the things that the poor man must buy each day.
The consumer is given free lumber, boots and shoes, raw wool, agri
cultural implements, cotton hagging and ties, meats, fish, breadstuffs.
flour and lard, hogs, dairy products, copperas, borax, potatoes, and nu
merous other articles of household and farm use. which are listed in a
separate column.
There are sweeping reductions on vegetables, citrus fruits, poultry,
grains, hay, cattle and fruits.
The duty on. sugar, about which a terrific fight has waged, is cut 26
per cent with the proviso that sugar shall be free at the expiration of
three years. This concession is offered in order that the cane and beet
sugar growers of Louisiana, Colorado, and Michigan the States most
vitally Interested in the schodule may have an opportunity to adjust
themselves to changed conditious.
GIVES HOUSE SHARE IN RECIPROCITY TREATIES.
The bill carries an important legislative rider that hereafter reciproc
ity treaties and trade agreements with foreign countries shall be ap
proved by both the House and Senate, instead of by the Senate alone. A
majority vote of the two houses will be sufficient in lieu of the time
honored two-thirds vote of the Senate.
Absolute free trade with the Philippines is provided.
The existing tariff treaty v. Mi Cuba is continued and the 1902 agree
ment is repeated.
One of the most significant passages in the committee's analysis which
accompanies the bill reads:
"The future growth of our great industries lies beyond the seas " and
there is added the virtual warning that the American manufacturer must
meet "honest competition and develop his business along the best and
most economical lines, where, when he fights at home to control hla
market, he is forging the way in the economic development of his busi
ness to extend his trade in the markets of the world."
Then the bill proceeds to put on the free list scores ot articles
which have heretofore enjoyed the advantages of a high protective walL
SCHEDULE K SUFFERS MOST SWEEPING CUTS.
Schedule K, upon which the Republican party went to pieces, suffers
most radical cuts. Raw wool Is made free, wiping out at one s(roke
514.000,000 in revenue, and the duties on manufactured woolens are re
duced more than 50 per cent.
In its entirety the free list lops off more than 525,000,000 In revenue,
and drastic cuts all along the line probably will shoulder upon the In
come tax law the task of raising something In excess of one hmdred
millions. The Income tax levies 1 per cent on net Incomes above $4,000
and up to -?20,000; 2 per cent on incomes between $20,000 and J60.000;
(Continued on Second Page.) J i
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