Newspaper Page Text
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THE WASHINGTON TIMES, MONDAY, APRIL 7, 1013.
TO AID CONSUMER
(Contini-"d Frc -n First Page.)
C per cent on incomes between SSu.uOO and $100,000, and 4 per cent upon
incomes above the latter figure.
The metal, chemical, steel, agricultural, sundries, and cotton sched
ules show sweeping reductions, as explained in an analysis presented
The opposite view was taker of luxuries. Tobaccos, wines, and
liquors experience no reduction in duty; and silks are but slightly
DISTINCTION MADE BETWEEN NECESSARIES AND LUXURIES.
Printing presses, print paper, typewrtlers, typesetting machines, and
sewing machines are a few of the more important items which go on the
"YVc have kept in mind the distinction between the necessaries and the
luxuries of life," declares the committee in its statement, 'reducing the
tariff burdens on the necessaries to the lowest possible points commensu
rate with revenue requirements, and making the luxuries of life bear their
proper proportion of the tariff responsibilities."
The so-called "Dutch standard" is eliminated in the sugar schedule. The
present duty of 95 one-hundredths of 1 cent per pound on sugar testing by
the polariscope not above seventy-five degrees, is reduced to .71 of 1 per
cent a pound, and for each additional degree by the polariscopic test the
rate is reduced from 35 to 20 one-thousandths of 1 cent per pound addi
tional; forty degree molasses is reduced from 20 to 15 per cent ,and tuc
eame percentage holds good throughout the bill.
IN EXTRA SESSION
(Continued from First Page.)
In a measure the time-honored vision
i of a legislator fresh from the people.
Others will be retired at the end of two
years, carrying back home the wrecked
hopes of a brief season In the spotlight
Ofthe 435 members the House, 15 J
are "green." The Democratic landslide
of November last swept out dozens of
Republicans who had seen long service
and filled their places with young Dem
ocrats or Progressives, who showed up
today In all the joyousness of victory.
Look On From Gallery,
Fond wives, mothers, sisters, an.i
other relatives looked on from the gal
leries to see the pride of the lamily take
the oath of office. The gallery crush
was terrific and the demands for seat's
o great that each member of the House
was limited to two tickets. Doorkeeper
Joe Slnnott and his assistants on the
floor and above had their hands full.
Lons before noon the galleries began
to fill. "Women in the iinery of spring
time seemed to predominate and It was
a lonesome member who could not cast
his eves upward and get a wave of
.ncoufagement from some lovea one who
r , j-ad come far to be present on this
'Democratic gala day.
The gallery habitue of other dajs
snlssed the onie familiar figures of
yUncle Joe" Cannon, Ebenezer Hill.
IClcholas Longworth. John Dalzell. John
J Gardner. "Cy" Sulloway. John Lams.
.Samuel McCall. ana otner legislators uj,
the House who were retired after long
service In that oody. In their places
were .youngsters, Impetuous, hopeful,
For an hour before the scheduled fall
of the gavel the membership of the new
iHouse flocked-Into the chamber, renew
ing old acquaintances, and making fresn
.. Jones. The veterans discussed the prob
wble length of the tariff session and the
good-bys on March 4 last: the new
members wondered when they would
get an opportunity to make a speech,
and what their committee assignments
would be. .
The House has a roll of 432 members.
There are three vacancies. The roll
shows that there are 2SS Democrats and
144 "Republicans." Of this latter clas,
however, approximately a score have
joined the Progressive ranks, and In
lonsequence the minority side of the
chamber reveals two distinct parties,
with their respective leaders.
The Democratic majority Is unwieldy
and Is so large that it may actually
hamper legislation. The session which
got under way today probably will be
the "talklest" In the history of the
Government, for the crop of new
orators is large and the average re
cruit legislator feels as frolicsome as a
two-vear-old In a green pasture
It is believed that the session cannot
end before Julv 15 or August 1. Con
gressman Underwood believes that the
tariff bill will get through the lower
, hamber early in May. and Senators es
timated that nearly two months may be
lequlred for its consideration In the
Senate. Barly guesses, however, fre-
.. nmls. anH t U.mi1fY Tint l
surprising to see the session drag along f
far into the late summer
The Democracy is on trial, and it will
b made or unmade. In all probability,
by the tariff bill which is now ready
for caucus action and debate. And there
will be a great deal of debate, for
-....-...- aft.. naml.Hnf In ll I
AJemvtw w - -.-- -
wilderness for sixteen vears, has prom
ised to make good if given another
In accepting the election of Speaker
of the House. Champ Clark said:
"Gentlemen of the House of Repre-
plectlon to the Speakership the highest
honor which you can bestow. 1 am
proud that U was 'preceded b a unani
mous nomination and Is accompanied j
liv the personal friendship and good j
wishes of all the members without re
gard to political affiliations. j
"Your Indorsement of my conduct .
during my llrst term in this high sta-
Jlon by giving me a second is more pre-.
clous than rubles 1
"I hope to discharge the important.
delicate, and difficult duties of the posi
tion with absolute Impartiality and to
the satisfaction of members and all
im- Whatever measure of succes 1 1
-iaJiI4 2 Speaker In the Sixty-second
VOQKTefi vas uuc iui(,ci. iu iiie cuur
)pr kindness, and general good feeling
! W members toward each other and to
jarard ric Chair. For our own benefit
33 for the welfare of the country, may
lnej."C voujbc " iiuiauoi ui wit: rei5- ,
i(Kt Congress. By reason of the In
creased membership It w 111 be even I
J.BMTP lnv.ortant than hitherto. There-1
"'"Jfare, I most cordially Invite the
jtierfc Ion of all members in main-,
..All rtA- SnH In fllA Hl.ntnli n
"WmiseirM- to the end that our free lntl
1 .itSni' ww be strengthened and per-
" "JV toe Congress is to be known in
JtJttorY ky works rather than words, I
j x&&y to take the oath and ask
"''Siprewnlatlve Talbott to administer
titeirS that the Progressive party
t'befrt of the nation's awakened
Ubn IllsMrA. XTr CThnnHlpr In n-lut
iV y- ... .....a........ , ... n..uv
ltfKE A COLD IN ONE DAY
Aiivti hkumu "uinine Tablet i
fr , . " ocrrefetman Walter M. Chandler ot
'' ' ' ' t5w York! nominated the Progressive
s-cwiSliltc for Speaker, Victor Murdock,
was his maiden speech In the House,
"The great pt-rpose of Its existence
is to establish and maintain Uie actual
and absolute rule of the people. It Is to
create and foster social and industrial
Justice among all classes of our people.
Its policies were outlined In our Pial
form. "We Progress es are not organized In
'his House for mere purposes of antag
onism and obstruction. We have a def
inite program and shall use every legi
timate effort to accomplish Its purpose.
"Wp shall oppose with faces of flint and
hearts of steel every non-progressive,
reactionary bill introduced. But as Pro
gressives we pledge ourselves to the
support of any measures, from whatever
source ihey came, designed to contrib
ute to the prosperity of the people.
"The State of Xetr York lifts Its hat
to Kansas and I nominate for the Pro
gressUe leadership of this body and for
ire BpsaKersaii or the American House
of Representatives during the next two
ears. mat militant, aggressive, red
blooded Progressive from the West
It required more than two hours to
perfect the organization of the House.
Owing to the recent reapportionment.
tne House roll call was the longest In
history, containing 435 names.
As the States were called in alpha
betical order to ascertain the pres
ence of a Quorum. the name nf
Speaker Clark, Majority Leader Un-
uerwooa, Kepubllcaft' Leader Mann,
and Progressive Leader MurdocK were
vigorously applauded. Each of these
members received ovations when they
appeared on the House floor.
Following the roll call of the States
the roll was again called, when a- vote
was taken on the Speakership. After
hc had been escorted to the chair and
had delivered a short address of appre
ciation. Speaker Champ Clark admin
istered the oath of office to the -XH
members present and the legislative
wheels were set In motion.
The business of the House todav was
fntirely routine, and actual work will
begin tomorrow following the receipt of
the President's message explaining why
he has called Congress In extra session
to revise the tariff and posslblv to re
duce the high cost of living.
As the House with without a presiding
officer until the Democrats elected
Speaker Clark, the chair was unoccu
pied for more than an hour after the
gavel fell. Under the rules the House
was called to order by South Trimble,
its clerk, who presided during the pre
Within a few minutes after the lower
body convened, bills and resolutions of
every kind and description began to
descend into the House hopper. Action
on the majority of these bills is im
possible during this session, as It is tl c
present plan of the House leaders t
Ccfer the naming of any except the
principal standing committees neces
sary for the transaction of be dallv
The Senate galleries presented a pic
ture of -spring when the extra session
of the Sixty-third Congress was called
to order by Vice President Marshall
Long before the c:vel fell, the cil
leries were thronged with visitois, most
or them women, handsomely gowned in
pring-tlme raiment and Kaster bon
nets, lending color to the usuallv mow
or less somber scenes of the Senate
namter. Lirse numbers or suffragists
wtre among the visitors.
The proceedings of the session were
routine and brief. Following praei,
the roll was called, disclosing the pret
ence of eighty Senators.
Senators GolT of West Virginia and
Sherman of Illinois took the oath. Sena
tor James Hamilton Lewis of Illinois
will not be here until later In the week.
A committee was named, consisting
of Senators Keir and Uallinger. to wait
on the President and Inform him the
Senate had met and was ready to te
eiie any communication. This was
done, on motion of Senator Kern
On motion or Senator Hitchcock, the
hour of daily meeting, until other lee
ordered, was fixed at l: o'clock.
After a sixteen-minute sensinn. the
Senate took a recess until " o'clock.
Senator Shermin's credentials were
presented, and he was escorted to the
desk of the Vice President hv Senator
Burton. Senator Chilton performed a
ii e office for Senator Golf. Conslder
abia amusement was caused bv Senator
Sh -man, who after taking 'the oath
eta -ted down the steps, then turned
bail; and nearl Mumbled over a iidlr
lo idi.ike the outstretched hand of the
The forecast for the District of Co
lumbiaFair tonight and probably Tues
da . not much change In temperature,
Maryland Fair tonight and probably
Tuesday; heay frost tonight; moderate
Virginia Fair tonight and probably
Tuesday: not much change In tempera
ture; light frost tonight; moderate north
The temperature today as registered
at the United States Weather Bureau
ana AinecK s
U. S. BUREAU.
S a. m
9 a. m
10 a. m
11 a. m
1 p. m
2 p. m
3 p. m
8 a. m. ....... 37
9 a. m 39
10 a. m 40
11 a. in 42
13 noon 43
1 p. m 43
2 P. m 45
3 p. m 47
The Ways and Means Committee has prepared an analysis of the
principal changes in the tariff proposed under the promises of the Demo
"In its tariff revision work the committee has kept in mind the dis
tinction between the necessities and luxuries of life," says the analysis,
"reducing the tariff burdens on the necessities to the lowest points com
mensurate with revenue requirements and making the luxuries of life
bear their proper portion of ariff responsibilities."
The committee then proceeds with a synopsis of the bill, schedule by
schedule, and also publishes a table showing the big Democratic free list.
The committee's analysis records the following principal changes:
As representing the chemical schedule the rates on certain com
modities show heavy reductions. For instance, boracic acid is cut from
78.70 per cent to 21.43 per cent, glue from 35.06 per cent to 14.29 per cent,
and red lead from 60.35 per cent to 25 per cent. Moderate reductions
have been made on medicinal preparations, which are cut from 25 per
cent to 15 per cent, blacking from 25 per cent to 15 per cent, drugs from
12.55 per cent to 10 per cent, and olive oil from 35.18 per cent to 21.05 per
cnt. The schedule contains a number of articles on which either no re
duction has been made or an :.dvance provided for. In each case the
effort has been to consider not oqly the character of the article, whether
a necessity, a comfort, or a Usury, but also the amount of its
probable importation and its relation to the revenue-yielding power of the
schedule- In every case the action taken has thus been the result of com
plex factors, the prime motive being that of granting to the public as
much relief as was practicable, while at the same time conserving the
incomes of the Government to the necessary extent.
Rates on all bricks have been cut on the average from 30.23 per cent
to 10.28 per cent, tile from 47-84 per cent to 23.36 per cent, asphalt from
37.05 per cent to 9.62 per cent. Ordinary earthenware, which was al
ready relatively low, being subject to an average duty of 24.67 per cent,
has now been cut to 15 per cent, while window glass has been given an
average reduction on all glasses of from 46.38 per cent to 28-31 per cent
On the other hand, plate glass, which may be considered a luxury, still
retains a duty of nearly 40 per cent, the average of paragraph 94 being
38.45 per cent in place of the duty of 63.95 per cent in the law.
Pig iron and slabs, which were 16.35 per cent and 17.79 per cent,
have been cut to 8 per cent i:i each case; beams from 23-20 per cent to
12 per cent, and forgings from 30 per cent to 15 per cent. On the other
hand, bicycles, a much more highly manufactured product, are dutiable
at 25 per cent as against 45 per cent, and razors at 35 per cent as against
77.68 per cent. Many Items of manufacture controlled by monopolies have
been placed on the free list.
The Idea of the large extension of the free list for the unmanufactured
products has been the fundamental conception, while the effort has been
made to improve the status of the manufactured lumber. Thus sawed
boards, other than cabinet wood, have been carried to the free list while
sawed cabinet woods, which were 12.75 per cent in 1912, are now 10
per cent; casks, barrels, etc., which were 30 per cent, are 'now 14.77 per
cent; and house furniture, which was 35 per cent, is now 15 per cent.
The action of the committee with regard to sugar is interesting and
shows an appreciation of the commercial conditions Involved and the
committee's desire to respond to the public demands for free sugar. The
plan as provided in the bill is to reduce with its passage the present
sugar rates by 25 per cent with the further provision that three years
from the date of the enactment of the bill sugar goes on the free list.
TOBACCO AND SPIRITS.
The schedules containing these
producers or revenue, are sufficiently adjusted to the internal revenue
duties of the United States, deal entirely with articles not to be classed
as necessaries, and have, therefore, been left the same rates as in the
In the effort to relieve the consumer, and to mitigate the high and
rising cost of living. Schedule G, which deals with agricultural products,
has been thoroughly revised and important reductions have been made.
For Instance, the duty on horses has been reduced from 25 per cent to 10
per cent, cattle from 25.07 per cent to 10 per cent, sheep from 16.41 per
cent to 10 per cent, barley from 43.05 per cent to 23.07 per cent, macaroni
from 34.25 per cent to 23.81 per cent, hay from 43.21 per cent to 26.67 per
cent, fruits from 27.21 per cent to 15.38 per cent, figs from 51.53 per cent
to 42.10 per cent, lemons from C8.85 per cent to 24.03 per cent, live poul
try from 13.10 per cent to 6.67 per cent, and vinegar from 33.03 per cent
to 17.39 per cent. Other changes are in proportion, and the general ef
fect has been to reduce in a ery material proportion the heavy taxes
upon impotted foodstuffs.
During the past few years i large part of the discussion of the tariff
has borne upon the textile schedules which, it lias been felt, wore undulv
high. Particular attention has therefore been paid to the reision of
these schedules in the effort to adjust them more equitably both to the
needs of the consumer and to the condition of the manufacturing industrv
in the United States. In Schedjle I, dealing with cotton, comparisons of
I lie principal items show reductions on cotton thread from 31.54 per cent
to 19.29 per cent, on spool thread from 22.95 per cent to 15 per cent, on
cotton cloth from 42.74 per cent to 26.69 per cent, on waterproof cloth
from 50 5'i per cent to 25 per cent, on ready-made clothing from 50 per
cent to 30 per cent, on collars and cuffs from 64.03 per cent to 25 per cent
on pluHhe.s from 31.40 per cent to 40
P"r cint to 30 per cent, on stockings
on gloves Irom 89.17 per cent to 33
per cunt to 25 per cent, and on cotton
Schedule J, dealiug with fln. hemp, and their products, has been
eiinilarly (leak with. Kaw flax and raw hemp have been reduced trom
$22.40 and J22.30 per ton. respectively, to J11.20 each, jute yarns have
been cut from 26.90 per cent to 13 per cent, cables and cordage from 6.43
per cent to 4.55 per cent, ollclotlu for floors from 44.29 per cent to 15
per cent, handkerchiefs from 50 per cent to 33 per cent.
Schedule K. dealing with wools and woolen manufactures, has been
the center of criticism for many jars and the committee has given it very
careful study. The result has ben to make raw wool free of duty, to re
duce yarns from 79.34 per cent to 20 per cent, blankets from 72.69 per
cent to 25 per cent, flannels from 93.29 per cent to 25 nnd 35 per cent,
dress goods from 99.70 per cent to 35 per cent, clothing from 79.56 per
Tariff Measure Introduced in House
products have been found to h irnnd
per cent, on handkerchiefs from 59.27
from 75.38 per cent to 30 per cent
per cent, on underwear from 60 27
damask from 40 per cent to 25 per
cent to 35 per cent, webbings, etc., from 82.7 per cent to 35 per cent, and
carpets from rates ranging from CO per cent to 82 per cent to rates rang
ing from 20 per cent to 35 per cent .
In Schedule L, relating to silk and silk goods, it has been sought to
convert the schedule previously almost wholly specific to an ad valorem
basis, thereby placing it upon an equality of treatment with the other
schedules allied to it and eliminating the possibility of concealed pro
tection. Inasmuch, however, as Bilk and silk goods are distinctly to be
classed as luxuries, it has been deemed wise to make only very moderate
reductions in the rates of duty. Partially manufactured goods has been
cut from 21.01 per cent to 15 per cent, spun silk yarn from 37.09 per cent
to 35 per cent, sewing silk from 35 per cent to 15 per cent, silk goods from
52.58 per cerit to 50 per cent, silk handkerchiefs (plain) from 50 per cent
to 40 per cent, ribbons from 50 per cent to 40 per cent, artificial silk
yarns from 41.79 per cent to 35 per cent, and braids, embroideries, and
the like of artificial silk from 68.49 per cent to 60 per cent.
PAPER AND BOOKS.
Schedule M, which deals with paper, books, and allied articles, has
been subjected to the general operation of the same principles that ap
ply throughout the tariff. Print paper, whose cost of production Is as
low In this country, under favorable conditions, as it is anywhere in the
world, has been transferred to the free list when worth less than 2
cents per pound, while the higher grades have been given a tariff of 12
per cent in place of 15.80 per cphL Copying paper has been cut from 42.32
per cent to 30 per cent, bag envelopes, etc., from 49.92 per cent to 35
per cent, parchment papers from 47.92 per cent to 35 per cent, photo
graphic paper from 28.99 per cent to 25 per cent, writing paper from 45.13
per cent to 25 per cent, common wrapping paper from 35 per cent to 25
per cent, and books from 25 per cent to 15 per cent.
Schedule N, which deals with a variety of sundries, calls for compara
tively little comment, except to say that the general principles of tariff
reduction have been applied to each of the items carried In the schedule
according to the peculiarities of each. Thus, trimmed hats are given
only a moderate reduction, being cut from 50 per cent to 40 per cent,
while brooms are substantially reduced, being cut from 40 per cent to 15
per cent. Jewelry has been hut slightly reduced, falling from 75.74 per
cent to 60 per cent. A good illustration of the attitude adopted with re
spect to the application of the tariff Is seen in the item, precious stones
uncut, which are given a rate of 10 per cent notwithstanding they were on
the free list under the act of 1909
In formulating this additional Impost, the attempt has been made
to provide not only a source of revenue, but also a means of redressing
in some measure the unequal tax burdens which result from the prac
tice of basing the Federal income entirely upon customs and internal
revenue duties- This is a system of taxation which inevitably throws the
burden of supporting the Government upon the shoulders of the con
sumers. It correspondingly exempts the men of larger income, whose
consumption of the ordinary necessaries of life is subject to tariff taxa
tion in a far less aggregate degree than is that of the smaller income
earners, who expend the greater portion of their resources for the ordi
nary necessities of life.
In pursuance of these ideas, it has been determined to levy upon In
comes of more than $4,000 annually a tax of 1 per cent, to be imposed upon
the excess of such Incomes above the $4,000 minimum, But in addition a
surtax upon the higher classes of income has also been included. This surtax
will amount to 1 per cent extra upon the excess of incomes over $20,000
and not over $50,000 and 2 per cent extra upon the excess of Incomes over
$50,000 and not over $100,000, nnd 3 per cent upon the excess of incomes
over $100,000 annually. This application of the progressive principle in
Income taxation Is believed to be fully warranted by the best theory on
the subject and will add materially to the yield obtainable from a flat
rate of taxation. The progressive principle has already been sustained by
the Supreme Court of the United States In the Inheritance tax cases and
there can be no doubt that the same principle applies to the Income tax.
included in H. R. 10 and will be fully upheld should It ever be called into
question. Owing to defects in personal property taxation, the larger in
comes in the United States have for many years been able to escape with
less than their share of the general burden of taxation, and this inequity
will be, it is believed, in part overcome by the plan now proposed.
The effort has been made to arrive at an inclusive definition of Income,
which is described as
gains, profits, and Income derived from salaries, wages, or compensation for
personal service of any kind and in whatever form paid, professions, vocations,
businesses, sales or dealings In pioperty. whether real or personal, growing out
of the use of, or Interest In. real or personal property, trade, commerce. In
terest, rent, dividends, premiums, securities, or the transactions of any lawful
business carried on for gain or profit.
In the attempt to establish a reasonable definition of net income there
has been a careful enumeration of all legitimate deductions properly to
be made from the total amount received by any individual, and including
taxes, losses, interest on State and municipal bonds, and other Items.
While re-enacting the present corporation tax, some improvements of de
tail have been introduced, among them a change in the fiscal year for
which report is to be made, an improvement that has long been demanded
in the interest of good business practice and easy collection of the tax
levied upon corporations.
The definite application of the income tax principle has been made
possible by the adoption by the requisite number of States of the xSlx
teenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, granting to
Congress the power to levy taxes upon incomes practically at its discretion.
Adds, acetic or pyrollgneoiis. chromic,
sulplmrii. oi oil of vlliiol. mcthl
or wood uliohol. niirat. of ammonia,
antitoxin-, blue vltiol. or Milphate or
i opper. iriule and unmanufactured
borax, borate or lime. soda, and other
borate material, i rude and unmanufac
tured; acetate of calcium, brown and
gra.' and chloride of nilcluni. trinle.
charcoal, bone char, blood char, crude
nliMinilnm miniuir.1. nr
Iiwiroxiue oi niiuiiiiuiit, .w,'i. ... ., w.
nulphate of Iron; resubllmcd Iodine, Fans
rrctn and lxmuon purpie, jiiosihhi -.
radium salts, radioactive substitutes,
thorium, and selenium salts for medici
nal use. huntorln. arsenlate of soda,
lalt cake or niter cake, salt ash. salt
sliliate. strlchnia. or strlchnlne and its
salts refined hulphur. sublimed sulphur,
or ilo en. f sulphur, tanning mate
rials . . ,
Crude bauxite, or beauxlte. burr
stom s. manufactured or bound up into
millstones, freestone, grnnite. sand
stone, limestone, unmanufactured, not
suitable for use as monumental or build
Iron oie. Iiidudliig mnngauiferous iron
oie, and the dross residuum from burnt
la !..... nr 1.1. il I.-... I.... It.lllt-r
JIIltt9. IIV-J -J IH. ...III. .FI .'.
lottnn or other commodities, cut nuils.
. .. .... 1...1. ....ii.. .. t..
iiorsesiioe iih ikmi imu-. ..-j
nails; spikes, horse and nuili- slioet..
tacks and brads, tutrh ulie. wire for
fencing baling linv or other tommodl
tlcs, steel rails, tungsten-bearing ore of
all kinds, cash registers, linotype ma-
nines, opesetttng machines, sowing
machines, typen liters.
Hoards, pianks. deals and oilier lum-
I bei, broom I'aadb's. clapboards, hubs
for wheels, posts, heailiiiij bolts, stave
bolts, last blocks wagon blocks, oar
blocks, heading blocks, and a)i ,ko
blocks or stocks, lough hewn, sawed,
oi lioied. laths, pickets and palings
staves, shingles, timber, hewn, sided or
squat ed. lound timber used for spars or
in building wharves.
Meats Horon and hams, beef, eal.
mutton, iamb, and pork, flesh, fresh
water flail., n s. p f. herring, fresh,
pickled, or salted, smoked, eels unci
smelts.frcsli or frozen, dsh.fresli.smoked.
dried, salted, pickled, frozen, packed in
ic . or otherwise prepared for preserva
tion, n s. p f.; tn.ickcitfl halibut,
oi salmon, fresh, pickled, or salted:
meats of all kinds, prepared and pre
.stred. n. s. p f ; lard, tallow; dairy
products milk, fresh, preset veil or con
densed, or sterilized, cream; breadstuffs
bread, biscuits, wafers, etc, not sweet
ened, sweetened, buckwheat flour.
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
j broom corn, corn or malxe. corn meal,
oatmeal, oatmeal and rolled oats, oat
hulls, wheat flour, semolina, potatoes,
salt, swine, Soya beans, sugar of milk.
Bagging for cotton, flax straw.
Raw wool, press cloth for oil ndlllng
purposes, woolen rags ana waste.
"Wood pulp, mechanically ground
(chemical nnhiencheH and bleached).
Printing oaper, suitable for printing
books ana newspapers, valued ar not
more than :S cents per pound. Bibles.
Bone meal, bran, wheat screenings,
coal (bituminous and shale), coke, com
positions used for fuel, slack or culm
of coal; cork waste, cork shavings, and
cork refuse; Eloves made of horsehldes.
pigskin, and cattle hides; boots and
shoes of leather; harness, saddles, and
saddlery of leather; agricultural Imple
ments; leather. Including shoe laces.
After framing this Imposing free Ust,
covering the necessaries of life and thus
taking a step to reduce the cost of liv
ing, the Ways nnd Means Committee
delved Into the non-dutiable list of the
Payne law and restored comparatively
small duties on numerous Items carried
Among the articles which were free
under the Payne bill and which are
made dutiable under the Underwood
Mil. are the following:
Coal tar products, 5 to 10 per cent ad
valorem: rough diamonds, 10 per cent;
other precious stones, rough, 10 per
cent: vegetable Ivory. 30 per cent; nuts,
1 cent a pound: vanilla beans, 50 cents
a pound; mace, 8 cents per pound;
spices, from three-quarters to 2 cents
a pound: acids, benzoic, 15 per cent;
phosphoric. 2 cents per pound: picric,
15 per cent: flavoring oils and extracts,
average of 20 per cent ad valorem; roots
In a crude state, one-quarter to 1 cent
a pound; tea waste. 1 cent a pound:
ergot. 10 cents per pound, balsams. 10
per cent ad valorem: undressed furs, 10
pef cent: Ivory tusks, natural 20 per
cent: anallne oil and salts, 10 per cent:
amber and amberoid gums, $1 a pound:
other gums, one-half to A cent per
pound, and 10 per cent ad valorem.
Levy Again Introduces
Currnecy Reform Plan
Congressman Levy of New York to
day reintroduced In the House his
"Coxey plan" of currency reform, which
provides for the Issuance bv the Gov
ernment of nonlnterest-bearlng securi
ties In return for 2 per cent obligations
of any sort.
The reform .bill also permits national
banks with a paid-up capital of $3,000,000
to establish branches in foreign caun
tries, to facilitate foreign business.
SEVENTH AND K
"It PAYS TO DEAL k AT GOUDENBERG"
40-inch Satin Giarmeuse
Regular $1 .69 ti 1 1Q
Quality at . . . M --
A silk offering that caps the climax of sensational value
giving. Satin Charmeuse the lovely soft, lustrous silk that is
enjoying such a great vogue this spring and summer for waists
and costumes, offered at a price that will delight every economi
cal silk buyer.
Extra heavy, Arm woven quality, with rich satin face and soft,
clinging- finish, required to secure the graceful effects in women's
dress. Note the width 10 inches.
All the shadea la demand arc here, lnelndlna; Light Bine. Pink. Old
Rose, Alice. Klnea Blue, CuprahaR-ea, Golden Brown, Tan, Mode. Wis
taria, Tanae, Gray, Xavj, Black, and Wklte.
A quality that cannot be matched for less than J1.69. Sale orice.
Women's Gauze Lisle Stockings
Regular Price, 50c Pair3Sf
Women's Gauze IJslc Stockings,
seamless feat, high 2pliccd heel.
double sole and toe, garter tops;
In blacK. v.nite ana tan;
s-old regularly at 19c each.
39c Satin-Face Prunella Poplins
Challenge Sale Price 1 fip
The highest Krad Cotton Fabric manufactured, so handsome that
tl.ey cannot oe distinguished from the genuine si-tin poplins. Belnc yarn
mercerized guaranties their permanent satin finish. Full range of street
: nd ixenlng shades: also plenty of rich jet black. Regularly 33c jard.
Sale price, ISc.
Nainsook "Slip-Over" Gowns
Regular 98c liQ
Value at . . OOt
The popular "Slip-Over" style of Nightgown, made of fine
soft finish nainsook, in a number of new and attractive styles
you will like.
Square and round jokes of Swiss embroidery insertions, edged
w Ith linen and Valenciennes laces and ribbons; other styles with
pretty designs of lace insertions and ribbons, the sleeves trimmed to
match tho okes: also V-neck style, with rows of line quality em
broidery and tucks.
Cut generously full nnd nicely finished. Large variety to choose
fiom. Itegular Okc alues. Sale price. 68c each.
11 6-Warp China Mattings 22ic
Vcrj finest grade llii-warp palmed-flnish Lintan Straw China Mat
tings, closely woven ami strictly reversible. In a. large variety of
patterns, such as stripes, checks, plaids, and novelty weaves. In green,
red. blue. tan. nnd brown: also plain white.
Regular -10c value. Sale price, yard. 22lac.
39c Imported Silks 1 8c
High-class Silks, including Jacquard Tussali.
anil Dotted ToKlo A tasuionaoie
w hlcli adds strength and durability. In a complete range of shades.
Also Memorized Corduroj. with handsome self-colored silk brocade,
the finest silk and cotton novelty dress material This Is also shown
In a large assortment of wanted shades. These are " inches wide.
Worth U'.'c .vara. &nie price. ic.
Doctors Not Liable
To Patients Injured y
By X-Ray's Burns
Skilled physicians who burn or in
jure patients with X-ray treat,
ment are not necessarily liable in
damages, the Supreme Court de
cided today in denying the right
to pecuniary barm of a former
housekeeper at the Belgian lega
tion for a back blistered under
an X.ray machine.
Anne Sweeney, of Philadelpnia,
former legation employe, present
ed the question in a damage suit
against Dr. William G. Erring, of
Estate to Widow.
Mrs. Katharyne E. Wheatley Is named
as sole beneficiary and executrix in the
will of her husband. Harry Lincoln
Wheatley, dated April 17. 1.
RID YOUR SKIN
If It is an eruptional skin trouble.
Poslam will check and eradicate It
more effectually than anything; yet
devised. Poslam Is perfectly adapted
as a specific for 'this purpose, and
contains no mercury or other harmful
ingredient With- first application,
the disease becomes responsive and
the progress of the cure may be
When used for any Itching skin dis
ease. Poslam stops the Itching- -at
once and cures worst cases In a few
weeks. So with acne, tetter herpes,
piles, salt rheum, barbers' itch, etc.
POSLAM SOAP makes complexions
clear, hands soft, beautifies the skin
and Improves its color and texture.
The best shampoo for dandruff; puri
fies the' scalp: brings health to hair.
All druggists sell Poslam (price. 50
cents) and Poslam Soap (price. 2
cents). For free samples. wrlt to
the Emergency Laboratories. 32. West
25th Street. New York City. Advt.
Staple 50-cent Stockings offered in- to
morrow's Sale at 35c pair, three pairs
for SI. 00.
Fine quality gauze lisle, with full, regular-made
foot, double knee, high-spliced
heel and toe, and deep garter top. Choice'
of plain and silk lisle.
In black and tan.
Infants' Fine Ribbwl Silk Stock
ings, seamless foot, double sole,
heal, and toe: In black, white, tan-
sk pinK, ana red; sold
regularly at 25c .pair
fabric, with a thread of linen