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THE WASHINGTON TDfES; SUNDAY,' DECEJfBER 7,' ' 1913."
?if&s--.&? &$ -.-- -. TSWir TVTSi J
Jublished Every Evening (Including Sundays)
By The Washington Times Company.
The Munsey Building, Pennsylvania Avenue.
Frank A. Manser, Pres. K H. TiUierington, Sec
C. U. Pope, Treas.
more creditable than were the promises. But it
seems regrettable that platform makers must always
feel under the obligation to work in about so much
buncombe, that nobody takes seriously, that doesn't
particularly affect the result, and that looks ridiculous
when performance has shown up its real quality.
THE SOCIAL PRECEDENCE ISSUE.
ONE TEAR (INC. SUNPAT). H.B0 I 6 MO.. 11.75 I S MO.. 90c
Entered at the PestofHce at WaiMngton. D. C. as second class
Wasuiiiston, 1). C, Sunday, December 7, 1918.
THE BEST MONUMENT.
A few months more of life and Colonel Gaillard
would have been made brigadier general. His name
is on the list of those who are to receive through
Congress the thanks of the nation.
We can ho longer pay him this personal tribute.
If the nation wished to honor him yesterday, it
wishes it no less now that he has made the full
sacrifice his able devotion to his duty entailed. The
fitting way to do it, the way for which he would be
most deeply grateful, is to make generous provis'on
for those who were dependent upon him.
SITTING UPON BOSS BARNES.
Reading of the action of the Republican State
conference of New York, one is inclined to think
that the transformation which has come over the
party which so meekly obeyed every behest of Wil
liam Barnes, only a short time ago, is almost like that
attributed to the magic of Aladdin's lamp.
Mr. Barnes wished a reaffirmation of the "con
servative primary plank in the last. Republican
State platform, and was turned down. He certainly
didn't wish reforms in the rules of the assembly
that would clip his own wings, but the conference
voted for them just the same. The whole program
decided upon, with direct nominations of State of
ficers, from the governor down, by popular vote
as the bedrock, if more like that of a Progressive
party convention than a Republican one.
"Evidences have been multiplying in many States
of the capture of the Republican organizations," once
so strong and so defiant toward progressive princi
ples, by those who think as the old school of bosses
didn't wish them to think. What has happened in
JJew York caps the climax. Mahomet appears to be
coming to the mountain.
TRYING IT ON THE DOG.
There is some advantage in having the Philip
pines, anyhow. The islands are made the subject
of experiments that teach useful lessons here at
home. The other day attention was called to the
successes of the Agricultural Bank of Paraguay.
Now 'comes the report that the Agricultural Bank of
the Philippines, organized in conformity to a law
of Congress, is a definitely established success,, and
is giving' real help in jthe upbuilding of insular agri
culture. It will be recalled, doubtless, that this institution
was modeled on the lines of the great Agricultural
Bank of Egypt, which was one of the very great
monuments to Lord Cromer's administration. In
Egypt, as in all Eastern countries, the tiller of the
soil was a peculiarly despised person. The money
loaners and sharks skinned him at every turn. It
was precisely the same in the Philippines. The
Egyptian bank has come to be one of the most im
portant financial institutions in all the East, and its
services to Egyptian agriculture can hardly be over
stated. It has given the rural population self
respect, economic independence, a chance to become
intelligent It has, indeed, marked the beginnings
of a very revolution in the relation of agriculture to
the rest of the community, throughout the entire
Our bank in the Philippines is finding the people
very honest and reliable. Despite that land titles are
bad all over the islands, and, therefore, make bad se
curity, the bank has sustained almost no losses at all,
its business is growing fast, the people are learning
more and more how to avail themselves of its serv
ices. The experiment with the Philippine dog seems
to have been successful enough to justify trying
some of the same rural financial processes at home.
THE FOLLIES OF 1912.
Reference is had to some of the political pledges
of that season. For instance:
-The Democrats were particularly violent in op
position to dollar diplomacy. Never, no, never,
would they permit the independence of the Carib
bean republics to be mortgaged in favor of wicked
banking groups. The outrageous Honduran and
Nicaraguan loan projects would be instantly re
jected. Yes, indeed!
Now, what has happened? Instead of pitching
"dollar diplomacy" overboard, the present Adminis
tration has adopted it, pushed it in some directions
farther than the Taft Administration went, and is
planning, as the newest coup, an effectual protec
torate over all Central America.
The Democratic platform of 1912 promised that
there should be no cenrralbank in this country.
There was no especial need to make such a pledge;
it probably didn't gain the party any votes. It is an
embarrassment now, and forces the party to a dis
ingenuous handling of the currency question.
The platform of 1912 promised that the party
would only ask one term for one President. Before
it has been in power a year everybody frankly ac
cepts that its President will be 'renominated and
that -if there were any uncertainty about it, the
Presidential primary that he has proposed would
make it certain.
To point out these, little inconsistencies between
promise and performance is not to find fault with
performance. Generally, the performance has been
With all becoming modesty, the suggestion is
ventured that there are two sides to this question
of the Senators' social superiority to the Congress
men. Senator Bacon makes out a fetching case for
the "upper" body, and the Senate has commonly
been able to win its point. But in the reason and
logic of our Governmental system, is the Senate en
titled to the precedence it claims?
The House of Representatives must originate all
revenue measures. It has first pull at the public
purse. It has that primacy, because the control of
the purse was rightfully regarded as the very cor
nerstone of the system. The British gave it o the
Commons in order that the Commons might, have
an effective check on the King and the peers. Our
Constitution makers reserved that same initiation to
"A mighty strong argument could be made to sus
tain the view that this one provision makes the
House the real superior body. The Senate, it is true,
has certain patronage authority; but that is insig
nificant as compared to' the priority which the Con
stitution reserves to the House as to money meas
ures. The Senators have been wont, in supporting their
claim of superior social ra'nk, to set forth that they
are' rather better than Congressmen .because they
come as the representatives of sovereignties; the
ambassadorial agents of the States in their sovereign
capacities. That was true enough, say, a year ago.
But the pleasant fiction about representing the sov
ereign quality of the State is playea out now. The
Senator is elected by the people; the plain, sweaty,
ungloved people who work and get grime under their
nails, and perchance at times eat pie if they can
get it with their knives. The presumption of so
cial superiority on that cheap and flimsy ground is no
longer to be urged. If thdre was ever any real justi
fication for assuming that a certain superiority at
taches to being removed one stage from contact
with and responsibility to the people and it ought
not to be a ground for claiming superiority in a
country like this it no longer exists. The Senators
are as immediately the creatures of the hoi poloi as
are the Congressmen.
The Senate claims social precedence over Cab
inet ministers, because it has the power to confirm
their appointments. Yet it yields that claim to com
mon sense, in the matter of the Secretary of State,
and gives him prior rank. It yields also to the
Supreme Court, whose members are likewise sub
ject to confirmation by the Senate.
Why should it claim precedence as against the
House, when the Senate has not even the power to
initiate a piece of appropriation legislation to pay
the salaries of its own members, but instead must
await the pleasure of the House to start such a
It is all a petty little teapot tempest anyhow, this
fussing about social precedence. It isn't worthy of
men who call themselves Democrats, Republicans,
or statesmen, and not many of them are really in
terested in it.
WITHOUT THE COURTS
McReynolds Lauds Wilson Pol
icy of Quietly Making Changes
MILITARY INSURANCE COST.
A field secretary of the Peace Association explains
that every time one of the big Army guns is fired the
college education of a boy and girl, $1,700, goes up hi
smoke. No doubt. And also every time the police
men and firemen of this city draw their pay enough
money is cashed in by them to finance a peace so
ciety. Nevertheless the money spent on the police
and fire departments is a much better investment
than if it went into anything else.
For the nation the navy is a protection and in
surance immeasurably cheaper than to go without
the protection and suffer the loss from war.
It is only fair to the Peace Association to say
that it declares its belief in armament for protection;
"but," its field secretary declares, "it is a question
of how much protection is necessary."
The purpose of peace societies to make war
hateful to all men is admirable. It is a mission
to which they can devote themselves without fear
of ridicule. But the BUSINESS of war both mak
ing war when there is war and making provision
against war when there is peace is for men versed
in military science. Anybody else seeking to usurp
those technical functions of the soldier and the sailor
can't get serious attention from the public, though
it is no hotter for war than the Peace Association.
Attorney General James C. McRey
nolds, diseusing the case of the New
Haven railroad,, has made it clear
I that it is the policy of President Wil.
' son to curb trusts without recourse
' to the courts wherever possible.
Mr. McReynolds, in an interview In
New York, referred to the desire of
President Wilson not to interfere
with honest business and to give
very reasonable aid to persons or
corporations that seek to compl7
with the law.
Wants To Aid Business.
lie praised the work and the plans of
the President and said that Mr. Wilson
wished not only to help honest business,
but In the case of the New Haven Rail
road both the President and he himself
wanted to do everything to conserve as
far as possible the Interests of Investors.
Mr. McReynolds spoke of his own
work In the reorganization of his de
partment. He said that so tremendous
has become the wqrk of the department
that there Is enough work for one man,
without considering the necessary steps
of reorganizing the department or the
new business that constantly comes up.
He would like to have the Department
of JusUce run like a large law office,
and his aim Is to bring about reform
and better condlUons by suggestions
rather than by long and expensive liti
gation. He said that many things already
have been accomplished In this way
without publicity, because corporations
In many Instances have shown a desire
to follow the suggestions of the depart
ment rather than go Into the courts.
WiH Be The Last.
Mr. McRiynolds said that a suit
against the New Haven road to dis
solve the alleged monopoly of trans
portation facilities of New England
would be absolutely the last resort of
the Wilson Administration to correct
He said that If the directors of the
New Haven work out their own solu
tion of the big problem now confront
ing them within a reasonable time there
would be no legal action, but added
that the law'must be obeyed.
The Attorney General talked freely
concerning the New Haven problem. Ho
made it clear that the policy of the
Administration had been outlined thor-
oughlv to Howard Elliott, chairman of
the New Haven board of directors, and
there could remain no doubt In Mr.
Elliott's mind as to what the Admin
istration wanted done.
No time limit has been set. The At
torney General realizes that lthas taken
twenty years for the New Haven to
brine about the muddle, as he terms It,
in which the new directors now find
things and that It will not be possible
for the board or any group of lawyers
to work out a solution In ten minutes.
Will Extend Help.
Mr. McReynolds said he was hopeful
that a reorganization suitable to the
Administration would be worked out,
and that ho was ready to extend help
In every reasonable way, because he
thought that Mr. Elliott seemed to have
taken that view of the situation, and
because he believed that the selection of
A, T. Hadley, president of Yale Univer
sity, as a director of the road was a
Mr. McReynolds waB emphatic In
saying that a monopoly exists, and com
petition must be restored throughout
New England. How that can b done,
he did not explain in detail, as he is
willing to wait and see If the new board
of the New Haven offers a plan.
He said that his views on dissolution
of big corporations were well known,
and he made it clear that If you take a
big corporation, divide It Into five parts,
and give to the holders of stock in tho
big corporation a proportionate amount
of stock in the five bmaller concerns,
competition Is not obtained.
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HAY BEAT VILLA
TO MEXICO i:!TY
Huerta's Capital Menaced by
Outlaws as Well as Villa's
NOT TO FOLLOW .
LIEUT. FRANK. P. LAHM, U. S. A.
Who Has Been Relieved of Aviation
Duty by the War Department at His
Own Request. Five Years Ago He
Quit Ballooning and Took Up the
Work of Aviation. He Is Now Sta
tioned in Manila, where He Is En.
gaged in Army Aviation Experiments.
TO OWN OUR EMBASSIES.
In the Administration's budget is one item which
deserves particular mention, asking $J 50,000 for the
purchase of a site and construction of an embassy
in Mexico City. The appropriation should be made.
The policy under which it is made should be con
tinued. We talk a great deal of claptrap about the simple
life our ambassadors should live. We may make that
theory the excuse for not paying our ambassadors a
fitting wage, leaving the President the alternative of
selecting his appointees from among those who will
pay their own way rather than become the oddities
Oi the courts in which they move. But the American
people does not want its representatives abroad to
It is not fitting that an American embassy should
convey no sense of the permanent, but drift about
according to the size-of rents and the ambassador's
pocketbook. The public may not approve gold lace
and gilded chariots. But it does know that to live
in a $150,000 or $300,000 house costs money. And
once the Government marked the house as appro
priate -the expense of- maintenance would be recog-
' BROKENJIP AGAIN
Mother of Admiral's Widow
Comes to Washington to
Live With Another Daughter.
ASSINIPPI. Mass.,, Dec. 7. The Eaton
family circle, happily reunited when
Mrs. Jennie May Eaton was acquitted
of the charge of slaying her husband.
Rear Admiral Eaton, is divided, for a
time at least, it became known toda7.
Mrs. Virginia Harrison, Mrs. Eaton's
mother, has gone to Washington to Uvo
with another daughter, Mrs. John I
Edwards, wife of a wealthy real estate
I Dorothy Ainsworth Eaton, the school
girl wno ngurea in me i-iyuioum inai.
Is living In Boston. She is studying art
for the purpose, so her friends say, of
making her own way In life. It Is un
derstood her mother Is assisting her.
Mrs. Eaton and Tier older daughter.
Mrs. June Keyes, with June's baby,
Eleanor, are away at present, but are
said to be planning to return In a few
Friends of Mrs. Eaton declared this
morning that she may petition Con
gress for a Federal pension as the
widow of a naval officer, and' that this
step may be taken through Congress
man Thomas C. Thacher. Such a peti
tion would be taken up by Congress,
which would have to fix the amount, as
the law does not state any definite sum
for a naval officer's widow. Mrs. Eaton
nnd Mrs. Keyes conferred with Attor
ney William A. Morse in Boston. .
Mrs. Eaton also has written to Gov
ernor Foss to learn if the State would
reimburse her for the expenses of her
trial. This letter may be referred to
tho executive council.
Ireland Expects To
Profit by Our Tariff
NEW YORK, Dec. 7. "Conditions have
Improved In Ireland," said H. K. Crulk
stiank, American vice consul at Queens
town, who arrived today on the Caronla
after a stormy voyage. "Everybody over
tr-ere looks for greater prosperity be
cause of the new tariff."
"Evening Services in tbe Gbupcbes
"THE FOUR PILLARS OF OUR REPUBLIC" The Rev. Dr. James Shera
Montgomery, Metropolitan Memorial M. E. Church, John Marshall
place and C street northwest, 8 p.m.
"A VITAL MATTER" The Rev. John T. Ensor, Calvary M. E. Church,
Columbia road near Fourteenth street northwest, 8 p. m.
"CONSTRUCTIVE PATRIOTISM"The Rev. A. H. Thompson, Waugh M.
E. Church, Fifth and F streets northwest, 8 p. m.
"I BELIEVE GOD" The Rev. Dr. Lucius C. Clark, Hamline M. E. Church,
Ninth and P streets northwest, 8 p. m.
"WHY TUBERCULOSIS" The Rev. A. W. Spooner, Sixth Presbyterian
Church, Sixth and C streets southwest, 7:45 p. m.
"A CRUCIAL TEST" The Rev. Pil R. Hickok, Metropolitan Presbyter
ian Church, Fourth and B streets southeast, 7:45 p. m.
"ONE MAN AND GOD" The Rev. H. E..Brnndage, Eckington Presbyterian
Church, North Capitol street and Florida avenue, 7:45 p. m.
"THE DUTY OF THE HOUR" The Rev. T. E. Davis, Westminster Mem
orial Presbyterian Church, Seventh street near E streeet southwest,
7:45 p. m.
"THE SHULAMITE'S COMPLAINT, 'GOD ASKS TOO MUCH "The Rev.
Dr. C. Everest Granger, Gunton Temple Memorial Presbyterian
Church, Fourteenth and R streets northwest, 8 p.m.
"AN UNWRITTEN SAYING OF JESUS" The Rev. Dr. Wallace Rad.
cliffe, New York Avenue Presbyterian Church, New York avenue and
H street northwest, 8 p. m.
"JOHN MARK A CHARACTER STUDY" The Rev. J. Harvey Dunham,
Western Presbyterian Church, H street near Nineteenth street north
west, 8 p. m.
"THE POWER OF A CONSECRATED LIFE" The Rev. Dr. J. A. Camp
bell, First United Presbyterian Church, Rock Creek Church road and
New Hampshire avenue, 8 p. m.
"HEAVEN" The Rev. John Compton Ball, Metropolitan Baptist Church,
Sixth and A streets northeast, 7:45 p jn.
"MEETING GOD" The Rev. Hinson V. Howlett, Second Baptist Church,
Fourth street and Virginia avenue southeast, 7:45 p. m.
"AFTER DEATH, WHAT?" The Rev. B. D. Gaw, West Washington Bap.
tist Church, Thirty-first and N streets northwest, 7:30 p. m.
"AN ANCIENT MYSTIC" The Rev. Dr. J. J. Muir, Temple Baptist
Church, Tenth and N streets northwest, 7:45 p. m.
"THE FAMILY" William Canfield Lee, All Souls Unitarian Church,
Fourteenth and L streets northwest, 8 p. m.
"GLORY IN MEN" The Rev. C. Herbert Reese, St. Thomas Episcopal
Churchy Eighteenth street near Dupont circle, 8 p. m.
"HOW TO PROTECT OUR YOUTH" The Rev. Dr. Frank Sewall, New
Church, Avenue of the Presidents and Corcoran street northwest,
8 p. m.
MEXICOsCITY, Dec. 7. With Die-"
tator Huerta's coffers depleted, thq
remnant of his array In the north,
fleeing before the approach of the
constitutionalists and "his citadel im
mlnently likely to crumble, a new
menace or an old menace grown
strong now Is looming large on the
horizon of Mexican disaster a men
ace that may prolong internal strife
in the Latin republic, even though
the capital be wrested from the
present federal control.
Zapata Takes Santa Maria.
This Is the outlaw band commanded
by the sol,dIsant 'General" Zapata,
which, according to late dispatches, has
captured Santa Maria from the federals,
only forty miles to the south of Mexico
City, and will be storming the gates
of the capital before General Villa and
his victorious army shall 'have left
Chihuahua City. '
From present indications it Is likely
that the two forces will meet at the
capital that of Zapata intent only on
rapine and plunder, that of Villa de
sirous of overthrowing existing evils
and establishing a constitutional gov
ernment throughout the republic. The
result of such a meeting can be only
Army of Bandits
Zapatta, originally a gambler and a
deserter from the army of Madero,
began his Independent campaign with a
handful of outlaws. Since that time.
however, he has arrogated the worst
of the flotsam of southern Mexico-
ignorant peons, with brutish passions
and real or fancied grievances; bandits.
adventurers, criminals men who care
for nothing but their personal aggran-
dlzement and the gratification of then-
blood lust. Such an army has rrown
around Zapata an army that now la
sufficiently' strong to venture an at
tack on Mexico City.
Zapata refused to -compromise with
Madero, and declined to link his" fortunes
with those of Huerta. - He and Jus men
merely wanted to slay and -burn and
pillage. It is not believed probable,
therefore, that he will lay down his
arms to Carranza.
Monterey Reported. Evacuated.
In the meantime the constitutionalists
continue joplleJyictorytnV victory.
the federals 'Had 'evacuated Monterey
owing- to. -the failure of" Huerta to pay
his troops. There is a report now that
Huerta has ordered his division com
manders to take any way they choose
of paying their men.
The inference is that Huerta's gener
als will levy on citizens at will for
money, and that these hold-ups wil! be
enforced at the point of the guns.
Huerta's treasury's bankrupt.
It was reported that constitutionalists
under Martin Esplnoza had captured
Morella, capital of the State of Mich
oaca. This is an important strategic
point, as it bears upon Huerta's ap
proach to the city of Guadalajara,
which is said to be the Immediate ob
jective of Villa and General Carranza
as a step toward the City of Mexico.
Reverses Are Conceded.
It Is believed that Huerta is conceal
ing hte fact of a severe federal defeat
In the state of Zacatecas, between Ca
lera and Fresnlllo, which has upset
hope for the relief of Torreon. The
federals aro said to have lost 600 men.
According to meager reports received
here, constitutionalists from Natera led
tho attack, and drove the federals to
ward Calera, where another constitu
tionalist force fell upon them, almost
annihilating the Huertlstas.
Rebel Leaders Look
For Sinister Surprises
JUAREZ, Dec. ".The feeling spread
among constitutionalist leaders today
that the Huerta government was pre
paring some sinister surprises in con
ncctlon with tho projected march of
Gen. Francisco Villa's army toward
That the federal troops had abandon
ed nearly all the northern part of the
republic, after they had been beaten
and forced to seek safety In the moun
tains or on tho United States border,
and that Gen. Salvador Mercado, the
federal commander, had pronounced his
forces bankrupt, was not accepted as
indicating that the rebels would be un
resisted on their advance south.
Some belief was expressed that the
federals hod an ooject In evacuating
Chihuahua and other Isolated federal
posts. In which it was Impossible for
them to do much more than defend
themselves, and that their purpose In
dolg so was to permit a more concert
ed and energetic defense In the central
and southern states, where forts aro
moro numerous ana communication is
Marching in Desert
F.L PASO. Tex.. Dec. 7 Traveling
with extreme slowness on account of
the exhausted condition of the civilian
fugitives accompanying it many of
them women and children the federal
column from Chihuahua City is ad
vancing through the desert toward the
The presence of tho reputed Terhaza's
treasure of $2,500.(00, which Ik known
to the constitutionalists and lias stirrer
General Villa to send a forco In hot
pursuit, adds 10 the foars of the refu
gees, who ure not permitted to light
llrcs cen to prepare food, lest they
should be seun at 11 distance and reveal
tha fugitives 'position to the pursuers.
XEC IP';.';V Aua
W. J. BRYAN, JK. -
Who Has Just .Been Admitted to the
Aruona Bar,r and Who Says That
While He Will Enter Polities Im.
mediately, He WQl Never Be A-l
Candidate for Office.
GATHER IN CAPITAL
Convention 'of International
' Anti-Vivisectionists to Open
Tomorrow at Raleigh:
The first international anti-vivisection
and animal protection congress ever
held Jn the United States will open at
the Raleigh .Hotel tomorrow afternoon
with a reception. Motion pictures out
lining the work, of the congress will bo
shown at the Raleigh in the evening. .
The convention comes to Washington
at the request" and invitation of the
National Society for the Humane Regu
lation of Vivisection, and meets under
the resolution of the -congress-held -in
London in 1909. and indorsed in Copen
hagen' in 1911. i. .
Mrs.- Clinton PincknejFarrell, of New
York, general secretary of the Interna-'
tlonal association, is registered at the
Raleigh, prepared for the coming of the
gathering, tfyith her came a blg.delejea-,
tiOn of Eumnpfln 'a-nA Va r.w 4.1.
gates. Mrs Farrell la president of the
rew York Vivisection Investigatloor
League. and; Is In touch with, all socle-
jcu acciuiiKioe-rrsuiauon. or .vmsec-
Tl.. .1 !...,-... - .
"" I.UU3UIUCUI uuuiea wmca areTom-
Hlsr In the Intmt(nr.-1 .-21
the American Antl-Vlvlsection Society
j, uuouairaia, me .Maryland Anti
Vivisection Society of Baltimore; tho
Nov Enfflnnil lntl.VM.H.. 01
of Boston, the Vivisection Investigation
uc ui .new iurn ana oiners.
Burleson Turns Down
Two Million Dollars
Postmaster General Burleson yesterday
turned down a Dlan wherebv-.lt w.i .
fcertpd- thf. f.lrarnmant n.m,u ..-
J2.00O.00O .yearly. An advertising agency
n me .muuio v esi onereq to supply
every mailbox needed in the country, if
It' wnnlrt hA nArm1Ha1 ...... w
advertising. Such- a proceeding would
uc lumittij mi law, 11 was aeciaea.
TEACHER CALLS OFF
' TRIP ABOUT CAPITAL
Madame Montessori Fatigued
by Her Lecture and Late
Reception Last Night.
Fatigued, with the activities of yester
day. Dr. Maria Montessori acquiesced
in the suggestion of Miss Margaret Wil
son, that they abandon their plans for
a morning ride about the city, and re
mained at the residence of Dr, and
Mrs. Alexander Graham Bell, where
she is the honored "guest.
With the lecture at Masonic Audi
torium extending; until past 11 o'clock
last night it was a late hour before the
reception which followed at the Sell
home was brought to a close.
Mr. Montessori will leave Washington
this afternoon on the Congressional
limited for New York, where she is to
lecture in Carnegie Halt Monday. She
has found it necessary to cancel all so
cial engagements, other than the recep
tion by the Acorn Club In Philadelphia,
where she is to lecture Tuesday.
.As one of her purposes in visiting.
America la to study as well as to ac
quaint her hearer with the wonders of
her system, it has become necessary for
her to thus restrict the demands upon
her time. She will be accompanied
throughout the tour by Miss Anne E.
George, who so delightfully interpreted
the remarks of her preceptor last even
ins;. Large Auiieace.
A large and distinguished audience
confronted the distinguished educator
when she stepped upon the platform last
evening, at the conclusion of the eulo
gistic remarks Dr. Bell and 8. S. Mc-
Clure. the last of whom was Instrumen
tal In bringing Dr. Montessorit to
Three weeks ago. Mr. McClure said.
Mine. Montessorit had no thought of
coming to America and when he broach
ed the subject to her he was surprised
at' her prompt acqulence. They though
tne pnysicoioKicai moment naa amveu
ror the spread of her doctrines here.
Mme. Montessori described at length.
her Ions and tedious labors in prepar
ing; for the work she now has in hand.
She finds only measure In that work.
She studied philosophy, medicine, and
other branches of learning not neces
sarily to perfect herself in those
branches, but to learn the truth of
Then came to her the realization
that throughout the entire world ned-
agognes' were so busy teaching science
that in no- single instance that she
has" been, able to discover have they
had time to apply scientific principles
to their teaching-- Upon the applica
tion wen established scientific prin
ciples her. entire system is based.
' Progresses KapHly.
She stated that the records estab
lished' the fact 'that children of five
years of age,, taught In the scientific
manner outlined by her, had progressed-more,
rapidly In study of a subject
than dochlTdren of eight when, in
structed in the 'old manner. These
comparisons were made of normal
children and not 'In a-single'instance.
but In. many, we're the results at
tained. , '
At' 'the conclusion -:of ''the lecture.
whteh'ifras deliver edln-a gracious dig-
mned; ana pleasing manner .xorty min-r
utes were consumed in exhibiting; the
motlo nplctures which reproduced
scenes at ''the Montessori school in
Rome where Dr. Montessori daily la
bors in subordinating the individual
ity of the Instructor and bringing her
pupils-to a'reallzation of the wonder
ful powers with which they are en
dowed. Tax Reform Lecture.
B. F. Lindas o.f the Tax Reform As
sociation, win address the Northeast
"Washington Citizens' Association meet- ..
lng Monday night In the- Northeast
Temple. He will discuss the stogie tax
question. The attention of the meetin?
also will be given to resolutions urging
the establishment of a swimming pool,
recreation park, new school building,
and other Improvements to the north-east-
What's on the Program
Masonic Dawson Lodge. No. 16. elec
tions; Stansbury. No. :i. elections;
Mt. Vernon" Chapter, No. 3. Royal
Arch, R. A.; Anapostla, No. 12; Tem
ple Chapter. No. 13, and Columbia.
No. 15, Eastern Star, elections.
Odd Fellows Union Lodge. No. 1J.
Covenant, No. 13; Beacon, No. 15, and
Langdon. No. ', business; Esther
Lodge, N- 6 Rebekahs. degree work
and nomination of offjeers.
National Union East Capitol Council.
7 -o'clock, sharp, 314 Pennsylvania; ave
nue southeast. Cabinet, National
Union parade and class initiation.
Knlehta of Pythias Decatur Lodge.
No. 9, Knights of Pythias, nomina
tions; Calanine, no. it, nominations;
Equal. No. 17; Ascalon Temple,
Knights of Khorassan, monthly meet
Masonic Federal Lodge, No. L Acacia,
No. IS, and Takoma, ro. a, eiec
tirn. Mount Horeh ChaDter. No. 7.
Royul Arch: Potomac, No. 8; "Wash
ington Naval, No. 6, P. and M.: Do
Molay. Comroandery, No. 4, Knights
Templar: tuecia unapier, :o. .. ou.
lehem. No. and Friendship, 'No. 17,
Eastern Star, elections.
Odd Fellows "Washington Lodge. No.
5. degree work? Golden Rule, No. 21.
and Amity, No. 27, business: Dred D.
Stuart Encampment. No.- -7. degree
work and nomination of officers.
Knights of Pythias Webster Lodge,
No. 7. Excelsior. No. 14. and Ger
manla. No. 15, nominations: Capitol,
No. 2. Myrtle. N- iS- . . .
Socialist party District Central Com
mittee meeting, 811 E street north
west, S:15 o'clock.
Masonic Harmony Lodge. No. 17, elec
tions; Auacostla. No. 21. installation;
grand lodge school of Instruction:
Royal Arch Grand Chapter, school of
instruction: Washington Commander,
No. 1, Knights Templar; St. John's
Mite Association, monthly meeting,
board of directors; Naomi Chapter.
No. 3. and Brookland, No. 11, Eastern
Odd Fellows Eastern Lodge. No. 7,
Harmony, No. D. and Friendship. No.
12. business; Federal City, No. 20.
business; Columbian Encampment,
No. l, nomination of officers.
National Union Postoftlcc Depart
ment council; Flynn's Hall, election
of officers; Interior Council, Pythian
Knights of pythlas Mt. Vernon Lodge.
No. 5. and Hermione. No. 12. 'nomina
tions; Union. No. 22. Columbia, No.
Masonic The New Jerusalem Lodge,
No. 9. and George C. Whiting. No. 22.
elections; Washington Chapter, No. 2.
Royal Arch; Masonic Veteran Asso
ciation, annual meeting; William F.
Hunt Chapter, No. 16, Eastern, Star,
Odd Fellows Columbia Lodge, No. 10,
and Excelsior, No. 17, degree work;
Salem. No. 22. business. '
National Union Census Council,
scnmiars Man, eiecuon or omcers.
Knights of Pythias Harmony Lodge.
No. 21, nominations.
Socialist party Young People's Social
ist League meeting, Sll E street nailH
west, S:15 o'clock.
Masonic St. John's Lodge. No. 11. and
Hope. No. 20, elections; Eureka Chap
ter. No. 4. and Capitol. No. 11. Royal
Arch; Takoma Chapter, No. 1 and
Cathedral No. 11. elections; St; John's
Lodge Chapter, No. 18.
Odd Fellows Central Lodge. "No. 1. and
Metropolis, No. 16, degree work; Phoe--nixi
No. 28. business; Martha Wash
ington Lodge, Nc. 3. Rebekahs, nomi
nation of officers: Dorcas, No. 4. de
gree work and nomination of officers.
National UnlOn National Capitol Coun
cil. National Bank Hall, elections, Mc
Klnley Council, Washington Hall;
Georgetown Council. Potomac Savings
Bank Hail, elections.
Knights of Pythias Syracuslans Lodge.
No 10; Rathbone-Superlor. No. 29,
visitation: Rathbone Temple. No. S,
Pythian Sisters, degree work.
Socialist party Local Central Washing
ton meeting, 811 E street northwest.
8:15 o'clock; Local Northeast Wash
ington. 1346 E street northeast. SU5
Odd Fellows Canton Washington. No.
Ii Patriarchs Militant, annual Inspec
tion. National Union Columbia Council.
Pythian Temple, elections: National
Guard -Council. National' Guard Ar
Socialist party Women's central com
mittee, social and luncheon, 5:38. to
O.i- .. - t 1K