Newspaper Page Text
Che IMwwf an Cime
Rain and wanner tonight.
Full Report on Page Two.
WASHINGTON, TUESDAY EVENESTG, APRIL 14, 1914.
PKICE OiNJS CENT-
Henry White Tells Senate Com
mittee of Hay-Pauncefpte
HIS TESTIMONY REGARDED
AS POINT FOR REPEAL
Former Envoy Says It Was Un
derstood All Ships Would Be
Henry White, former United States
bassador to r ranee inn iiauj. "'
retarj of Uie American embassy in
' ndon at the time of the negotiations
Jch led up to the Hay-Fauneefote
t eats', was on the stand before the
nate Intivceanlc Canals Committee
iay Mr. White's testimony was cal.
lated to furnish ammunition to the
ocates of repeal of the free tolls
iUte of the Panama canal -act.
Mr. "White said It was his understand
in tho negotiations that all vessels.
1 ludlrg American coastwise vessels,
'e to be treated alike,
rof. Emory R. Johnson, of the Uni
sitv of Pennsylvania, who was ai
jed by President Taft to investigate
e canal question, opposed free tolls
American shipping on economic
rhe friends of repeal were pleased
h the day's developments. It was at
eir suggestion that both Mr. White
'd Prof. Johnston were called. It was
'" known before where Prof. Johnston
od as he Is not only against free
ii. but believes railroad-owned ships
uuld use the canaL
Mr White told In detail about tho
ngotiatlwia over the Hay-Pauncefote
eat- which opened in 189S. He held
rious informal conferences with Lord
ulsbury, under instructions from Mr.
"Tiiero was no suggestion," . he said,
that the coastwise vessels of the United
States rould be exempted from the
payment -of tolls, or treated in any'way
f f ferej frnin ' other vessels."
He tralouhat. in fact, the question was
If was closely questioned by Senator
jorman, Senator Bristow, and Sena
Thotnas. Senator O'Gorman sug--sted
that, as British coastwise ves
U wore not Included in the 1813 treaty
h Great Britain, American coastwise
ids were not included in the Hay
auncefote treaty. Mr. White said he
as not a lawyer, and did not want to
mment on that.
Bonus System Favored
At Labor Investigation
)pposiuon to the piece work system
factories was voiced by Charles W.
xter of New Haven, at the heariqe
'efficiencv systems and labor" be-
r the commission on industrial rela-
is today Mr. Mixtr advocated the
nus system, bv which employes would
:elve the benefit for unusual labors,
id cntlrised labor unions for oppos-
Robert G Valentine, former commls
wr of Indian affairs, testified as to
bor conditions in New England and
as asked to submit in writing a plan
sett ins labor troubles by commls
ns in arious industries
Brewery Owners Sign
Agreement With Union
Mi agreement satibfactor to t ork
en anu employers alike -vill be sianeil
Is afurnoon bv the brewery owners
' V axhmrton and the members of
lrtri-na oual Association of Rraw
r Vorkniin. The contract will be
'acn all th i-ame as that which cx
red on April 2. The workmen cet an
ght hour day and a gradual increis
ixe is allowed. The employer-) are
rm tttd to reduce their tone. .shouli
e occasion demand when the saloons
' tho District arc decreased, on No-
'nitxT I by the Joirjs-Works excise
w Nearl 300 employes are affected
thi new agreement.
Police Retiring Board to
Take Up Captains' Case
pr ralie retiring board will meet
fio' , t consider the cases of
at' Michael Byrnes, of the Sixth
rw n-1 en "aut. John C. Dale, "f
e Ninili precinct both of whom
'' bm '11 for several months.
tl ain Bvrin-s has been sjffering
.hit of the lip for more than
a w 'illi ""r.i'tnln Daley suffered
t.,j. of naralvsis several months
TVI r-'irlntr '.oaiil in couipoed of
r,nto Mirr iJ-h,tord anc Cap
r. 'fk and Williams.
IN CONGRESS TODAY.
Met at noon
anal Committee continues hearing on
Hitchcock resolution call.ng for in
formation from organization comnilt
c of Kedcrai reserve system pasfed.
Bui liitrcluced to establW navy mail
.nes between this country and Fouth
Met at neon.
rttKLinifd debate on the legislate 3 bill.
Jud'clary Committee nam?d nuhconimit
tee to instlgnte Wright Impcach
Dietriet Cominltto! continuctl hcarins
on proposed amendments t- tho loan
Interstate. Commerce Committee report
ed Henry resolution for investigation
of transcontinental railroad rates ry
S3toxtate Commerce Commission.
Citizens' Committee Argues
Limitatiop Makes Extortion
From Poor Easier.
Urging a rate higher than 1 per cent
on small loans, representatives of the
citizens' committee, which has been
investigating for several years the
"loan shark" question, appeared be
fore the House District Committee to
day. W. H. Baldwin, chairman, the
Rev. John Van Schaick jr.. Walter S.
Ufford secretary of the Associated
Charities, and Mis. Archibald Hop
Kins, were the speakers who held that
the prerent rate Is not sufficient to
attract capital, and that the poor
man should have somewhere to go in
times of financial dintress.
Mr. Baldwin asserted thPt under
present law the "vest pocket loan
shark" Uirlves and extorts usurious
toll from the needy.
Small Loans Necessary.
Mr. Van Schaiok, Jr.. said he knew of
but one or two instances where Improvi
dence majc recourse to a loan man
necessary. In the majority of instances,
be said, small lo-ins are needed be-'auso
of dlstrcta. such as siikness or sudden
mibfortune. He advocated :i ri'te of 1'-.
l.er cent a month as fair an! sufficient
to (liable the lc.m brokers to do a
Chairman Iohn.son, reverting to thv
dlbfUbsion abo'lt tho r ites charge 3 bv
lh Society for Sa int;s and Loan?.
asUd Mrs HopKinu if the mt s wen
due to the hlsh salary paid Treasurer
L.xn.cius. Me alho wm'aj to know if
Mrs Hopkins had heaid that thli or-
gonbatioii charg'-d ei.ces rates m the
War " 'cp.ti lmnt at one time Mrs.
Ho.kins R.ill sh .new noihlnt; about
it. milling. "1 a'a.r, hae found Mr.
I3!iicins to be hone.si and straightfor
According to Mr. Johnson h figures tho
Mclet charges about IS per cent, but
Mr. Exnlclos has presented to the o,orii
mittee a statement claiming h's organ
ization it within the 12 per cent limit,
and 1ms passed muster at the Corpora
tion Counsel's office.
Secretary I'fford presented the mcus
of tiic fftOclated Charities In faor of
a IVi per cent a month rate
Would Lessen Extortion.
lr Baldwin argued that a i.itc of
Hi per cent would tend to decrease ex
tortion and will make it possible to at
tract here capital for loans. He re-
Jewed the history of the original bill,
proposing a 2 per cent rate, saying it
had the unanimous report of the House
District Committee In 1310.
"No, you are wrong there," said Mr.
Johnson. "I was a member of the com
mittee then, and was opposed to 2 per
Mr. Baldwin excepted Mr. Johnson
and proceeded with h's argument that
the 1 per cent rate is too low.
Finger Prints on Pane
, Cause Chicago Arrest
PL.AINFIELD. N. J.. April H.-Flnger
prints on window panes led to the arrest
In Chicago last night of Charles Con
nors on a charge of robbing the resi
dence of former State Senator Krnest It.
Ackermati on January 3 of Jewelry val
ued at J25,00O. Photographs of the finger
prints were sent broadcast.
" " -E3ii!i . 'j
HIGHER RATE ASKED
WITH THIS RUBBISH!
FACETHE REO SOX
Griffmen at. Boston to Open
BasebairSeason Eight Cit
ies to See Clashes.
By LOUIS A. DOUGHER.
With clear skies and brignt sun to
temper the- chill April breeze, the major
league season gets under way today In
eight cities throughout the land, and
by nightfall millions of fans will be
talking of the scores.
By nightfall eight teams will be oc
cupying the lead in the long pennant
race. By nightfall eight others will
be in last place. But the millions of
fans will be happy, for the season will
really have swung out upon Its stride,
pot to rest until the championship of
the world has bcn derided 'n tho.e
other chill davs- of CVtobr to come.
Clark Griffith's merrv men will Inau
zurale Boston's diamond season todav.
Walter Johnson, klnc of tw triers, will
be seen In ai-tlon in the city where he
is adored almost as much as ho p
here. He prohablv will oppose itay
Collins, the redoubtable left-hander or
the Bed Sox. who fought him up and
down the line all last summer, making
Face the Yankees.
Connie Mack's marvelous phalanx or
batsmen and fielders, holders of the
world's, championship, will ct into
action In New Vork. faclnc Frank
Chance's rejuvenated Yankees The
Maekmen cute' upon the campaign with
the sanio line-up as that of 113. put
Chance has Instituted many changes
in his roster. In the hopes or putting
(Continued on 1'age Thliteenj
A plan for publishing small map
guides to Washington, similar to
those used In Paris and other largi
European cities, will he laid before
the Chamber of Commerce, at its
monthlj meeting tonight
Secretary Thomas Grant is in reeeipl
of a letter from Horace Stowe which
points out the difficulties which a
stranger encounters In getting about
the resident districts of the Capital
and outlining the Parisian idea. This
necessitates the co-operation of the
street car companies, at each car
carries a numbered disc to correspond
with markings on the pocket maps.
There also will be laid before the
chamber a request that business
houses be decorated on May 10 and 16
in honor of the unveiling of the Barry
monument In Kraiiklln square
A requeht has been received from
the Rochester. N. V . chamber oi eom
merco that the organization heie in
torcst itself In the arbitration of a
dispute between two produce dealers,
one in each city, growing out of a
consignment of damaged xoods Tliij,
Is the first request of this nature Io
ho received by the Washington cham
ber, though the arbitration of such
matters Is one which trade bodies all
over the country are taking up. Action
will be decided upon tonight.
If PR T
Congressmen McCoy, Taggart.
and Nelson Picked to Begin
Inquiry at Early Date.
Chairman Clayton, d? the Hous? Ju
diciary Committee, today named the
subcommittee which will conilint the in-
icslicallor of the impeachment charg.
agaiiint Justice Daniel Thew Wright, of
the I'lhlrict Sjpremc Court. The Inves
tigating huhcommittoe will comprise
Congressm:.n MjCo of New Jersey.
chairman. Congressman Taggart "t
Kansas', and Congressman Nelson of
Congressmen Mi Cov and Taggart are
Democrats. Mr. Nelson is a Jtepubii-
It was suggested at the meeting of
the full Judiciary Committee today mat
the Wright iiivestigaitlon should start
at th earliest possible moment. Mr.
MrCtn probably will call the subcom
mitt. i together tomorrow and arrange
io begin the hearings late this week.
Dropped in Connecticut
BRIDGEPORT. Conn. April M. Man-
hl.-iiqhter imlictiiients) standing asatnst
Charled . .Mellen. form president oi
the New llavdi road, in connection
'with the fatal Westport wreck wcro
nolle picbhod in (ourt today.
I This action linallj cleir- Mellen of
I personal blmno fo- tho disaster.
Everybody in Washington able
to "carry a tunc" is urged
to attend the rehearsal of
the Greek pageant-drama in
the old Buildcrb' Exchange,
1317 H street northwest.
The appeal is made in the name
of charity and civic pride by
the united trade bodies of
Washington, who expect to
make this the most stupen
dous spectacle the city has
witnessed in years, with the
exception of the inaugurals.
The profits from the sale of
seats will be turned over to
Percy S. Foster, director of the
pageant chorus, will try out
the voices of the hundreds of
ROGERS OF II
TAG LAW ILLEGAL,
Arbitrary, Says Judge, of Regu
lation Requiring Licenses
for Horse-Drawn Wagons.
ORIGINAL PURPOSES OF
REGULATION ARE LOST
Discriminates in Favor of Pleas
ure Vehicle Owners, Says
Police Court Judge.
The District Us law for horse-drawn
vehicles used for business purposes was
declared arbitrary and illegal today toy
Judge Mullowny, in the Police Court. In
granting the motion to quash an infor
mation against James W. Bean, city
ash collector, who In January last was
arrested for operating an untagged ve
nicle. The ruling of the court affects every
vehicle drawn by horses used for busi
ness purposes.- Judge Mullowny held
that the purposes of the tag regulation
is for tho protection and safety of the
public, to prevent accident, and. in case
of accident, to provide a means for the
identification of the person responsible.
"Keeping: tho purpose of. the regula
tion In view." said the court, "it would
seem that it cannot be denied that there
Is as much necessity for all horse-drawn
vehicles being tagged for identification
as vehicles usea'Tor business purposes
only; and more io, apparently, for busi
ness vehicles, are generally provided
with some means of identification, while
vehicles for other purposes are not."
Judgo Mullowny ruled .that the regu
lation loses sight or its purpose "in that
it makes Uie use of the vehicle tho of
fense, and permits horse-drawn vehicles
for 'any other purpose other- than busi
ness' to escape prosecution!"
In arguing the "motion. Attorney Rob
ert 1. MUlerfdr Mr. Bcanj claimed that
th.resruLition Is discriminatory be
tween owners of vehicles used for busi
ness purposes and owners or pleasure
vehicles, and therefore "denies the de
fendant tho equal protection of the law
and is invalid. '
Claim Is Upheld.
This claim was upheld in the opinion
of Judge Mullowny, which says "there
Is no valid reason why. if one class
of owners is included, the other should
Concluding his ruling. Judge liul
lowny says the Supreme Court has re
peatedly pointed out that while the
legislature has the right to make classi
flcatlon. It must be upon some reason
"The difference must bear a reason
able relation to the purpose of the
statute, he says, "and arbitrary deals
.-latlon is not classification. When bur
deni arc placed on some and not
upon others similarly situated with re
spect to the purpose for which the bur
dens are imposed, the classification Is
nrbltrary and Illegal The enforcement
of the law Is therefore Invalid, and the
motion to quash Is granted."
Goldfish Bowl Sets
Fireman's Couch Ablaze
Small glass bowls with a goldfish or
two swimming lazily around, without
which muny persons regard their homta
as incon-plete, arc not so harmless as
their appearance would indicate.
f'-iptain Matthew Coughlan. of No. 23
engine rompany, was sitting at the
breakfast table yesterday when he
smcllcd smoko which he traced to a
room en the second floor, where he
found a couch. In flames. Ho extln-
puisii"i mo maze ana men set aDOUl
to dlbCoer what had caused the lire.
On a pedestal In front of the window
was a goldfish bowl. The sun shining
thmugli It. he found, had focused the
rays as a magnifying glaos does, set
ting the to tho lounge.
Starts Crusade Against
A city-wide campaign against un
licensed pool rooms, including tho
private clubs of Washington, where
pool is paid for by members, was
stai ted today I Assistant Corpora
tinn Ccuwol George Tagtrart. who
instructed Major Sylvester, of the
l'olice Department, to arrest everv
manager or proprietor In Washing
ton w 1-n fails to have a license for
every ti.ble operated. Sir. T-iKjrart
nrmlse vigorous nrocnition in the
Police Court of all violators.
The prosecution. If Miceessi'ul. will
t lose every clubroom In the city that
has no license, and later steps ma v.
ic taken ij tne corporation counsel
In charge of Police Court cases to
eliminate the playing of pool and
billiards In private clubs on Sunday.
Slash Pay Increases
Of Attorneys General
Owing to points of order raised
against various items, the House
again made slow nroress today on
the legislative bill.
Congressman Carter of Oklahoma
made siiccc-sful points of order
aguinst Jl.oro increases of salary for
sIn a.slstant attorn-vs general. Con
gressii an Fowler of Illlnoiq knocked
out u pripoed Increase of $20u in the
salary t th" i-lerk to the Attorney
Tin-so items, however. nre subject
to rcfturatlon in the Senate, ami
prohablv will be put bade Into the
I. Ill before it becomes a law. as points
of order cannot lie against the con
TO TAMPICO BY DAILS; ..
mm mm acute.
BULLETIN 2:15 P. M.
Secretary ef the Nayy Daniels this
afternoon directed Admiral Badger,
commander-in-chief of the Atlantic
fleet, to proceed at once will aU the
ships under his command to Tampico.
Badger is now at Hampton Roads.
At the same time the transport
Hancock was directed to sail from
New Orleans for Tampico with 800
Tho battleship Seuth Carolina, which
is sailing north from Santo Domingo,
has been intercepted and ordered to
This order followed a long Cabi
net conference at the White House.
Orders were also famed to the Xasfc
Tllle, at San DobObeo, to proceed to'
Tampico, Simitar orders were Untied
to the Tacoasa, aow at Boatoa. The
torpedo fleet, aow aa Peaaaeola. vra
notlled to utaad by for orders to
proceed to Tampico.
The United States Is certain to take
some vigorous action regarding Mexi
can affairs within the next forty-eight
hours, according to indications In Ad
ministration circles In Washington, to
day. The most intense feeling -which has
been shown by high Government offi
cials sinco the revolution in the South
ern republic raised a cloud on thehorl-
zon of; this country.- -was visible in all
auartcrs throughout' the day-
The' situation at Tampico, hangs, la
the balance. -T - - pe
For moro than two hours today the
Cabinet discussed the Mexican situa
tion. It was one of tho longest ses
sions In the history of the present Ad
ministration. All Cabinet Men Silent
When it adjourned, all the members
refused positively to say what conclu
sions had been reached. Apparently,
however, the discussion was unusually
serious, and the members as they left
the White House were grave.
Whether the Government has deter
mined to force issues with Mexico and
compel a salute to the flag at Tampico,
or whether it will recede from its stand,
still remains unanswered.
John Llnd, special envoy to Mexico,
held a conference with President Wilson
at 10 o'clock this morning. Before this
conference really opened, however, an
other of even greater significance was
held by Mr. Llnd, Rear Admiral Blue,
chief of the Bureau of Navigation and
acting Secretary of the Navy, and Sec
retary Bryan, at the State Department.
President Wilson and Secretary of
State Bryan today continued determin
ed, if honorably possible, to prevent
armed intervention in Mexico. But they
realize that events of the last seventy
two hours have Immeasurably increased
the difficulty of their task. Unless they
uphold Admiral Mayo In his demand
that the colors be saluted at Tampico,
they have been told by their advisers
that our national prestige will be
greatly lessened, not alone in Mexico,
but in the eyes of world powers. While
neither the president nor his premier
would admit that the situation was
critical, they made no effort to dis
guise Its seriousness.
The tension increased rather than di
minished as the day wore on. Confer
ences bctw-een the President, Secretary
Bryan, and Special Envoy Llnd. as
well as an unusually protracted Cabinet
meeting, failed to clear the air. No light
on Government plans was forthcoming.
One statement and one only could bo
obtained. This was that the Presi
dent adhered to his Indorsement to the
Mayo demands for the salute. Also that
the salute had not yet been fired.
Action Is Problem.
to force action without resort
force was the problem to be
Coercion at Tampico would, in
be a declaration of war. To
this the Administration Is opposed. The
result Is that Charge O'Shaugr.essy at
Mexico City looms up as the dominant
factor of the situation.
There was a nope expressed today
that he would persuade Hucrta to order
the salute tired. Huerta has not ab
solutely refused to issue such orders.
His position is that his open. Immedi
ate disavowal of his subordiuats's ar
rest of Americans is ample amends for
a situation for wnich he was not re
sponsible. And O'Shaugnessy is under
stood to be endeavoring to persuade
Hucrta to see this country's slda of the
It is believed by ofticiais in touch with
the situation that the original time fixed
in which a salute might bo tired has
been extended at least forty-eight hours.
This Is to give Huerta ample oppor
tunity for complete investigation of ev
ery phase of the matter.
Communication with Mexico City is
very slow, and while tho Administration
intends to bo firm, every effort is to be
made to avoid the appearance of co
ercion. That Mr. Bryan does not expect an
early settlement was Indicated by his
statement that ho did not know when
tie would be able to start on a vacation
trip he had planned to beln today. Ho
premised a definite statement on Mexico
as soon Ms possible, hut held out little
hope that this would be forthcoming for
He.voud reiterating that the deiuandci
tluto to tho colors shall be Sired as an
open apology for tho. unwarranted ar
rest of American marines, ofticiais to-
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U. S. S. MINNESOTA.
U. S. FORCES IN TROUBLE. -
The United States has ten warships and 1,200,
marines at Tampico and Vera Cruz, ready to carry,
out any orders to Rear Admiral Mayo or Rear Aa
At Tampico are the battleships Utah, Connect
ticut, and Minnesota; the cruisers Chester. Ocs
Moines, Dolphin, San Francisco, and Solace, under
command of Rear Admiral Mayo. At Vera Cruz are
the battleship Florida
At Tampico are about
scattered on all the war vessels. At Vera Cruz six
hundred marines are aboard the Prairie.
U. S. S.
dav refused to discuss Mexico. It is
known that Admiral JUjo told the
President, through Secretary Daniels,
that unless this open apology was forced,
there was no need of his remaining fur
ther at Tampico. It would convtnee
both sides, the admiral explained, that
this nation would not enforce any de
mands and would Increasj Mexicans
already openly expressed contempt for
His Stand Is Right.
Mayo has been told, as has i'lelchor.
that his stand is right. And it is be
lieved that a new time limit will be
fixed following the White House con
ference. fcpeclal Envoy Llnd, accompanied by'
Socman Bryan, wont to the White
House an hour before the regular Cab
inet meeting was scheduled. He took
with him the mass of documentary evi
dence that he yesterday showed to
Mr Bryan. It shows exactly how
Huerta stands politically and financial
ly, and also what his military resources
If the special envoy planned to sug
gtst to the President any action to
force Huerta-'s hand, he successfully
concealed It from the general public He
said at his hotel before the tonferenco
that he would make no spcclflc recom
mendations other than to tell the Presi
dent Ju3t what he h,vl observed
Would Tell the Rest.
He said he would pick up his narra
tive where he left It off on January 2.
when he conferred with the Chief
Executive In the cabin of the scout
cruiser Chester in the Gulf of Mexico.
l.ind merely laughed when he was
asked whether he was going back to
Mexico. Ho said that he had no definite
plans, that he was In the hands of the
President and Mr. Bryan. His present
intention Is to go to French Lick later
In the week, for a stay.
Aj he put it, he will be "waiting
orders' while there. If Cie former
Minnesota governor ts In poor health,
his looks belle the fact. He Is bronzed
and a trifle thinner than when he
started South, but his ey3 are bright
and he looks fit.
Originator to Talk
Marshall A. Hudson, originator of
tho world wide Baraca-Philathea
movement will address the April
meeting of the Washington Baraca
Phllathca Union, which will be held
at the Fifth Baptist Church this even
ing at 8 o'clock.
Special music Is benlg arranged un
der the leadership of the union chor
ister. Paul II. Prims.
A special Invitation is extended to
members of young people's classes of
tho different churches, whether mem
bers of tho union or not.
and the navy transports
. . ,.
Answers Senator Weeks' Sug
gestion With Offer of 17
Ships for Commercial Use.
Seventeen ships of the navy wore of
fered bj Secretary of the Navy Daniels
today for use in trade between New
York and New Orleans and South Amer
ican ports. Danicl-i practically indorsed
the plan of Senator Weeks and saldjLhat
the additional cost, exclusive of lumi
nals and shore charges would be onlj
J15I.CI a year, against which co"M be
placed the entire revenue from the car
rying of passengers, freisl-t, mail, and
Ships available for this aervi-e whicu
Seen-ctury Daniels offered, are the crul?
er.s St. Liuis. Charleston. Milwaukee
Columbia. Minneapolis. Salem. Chester
Buffalo and Rainbow: the gunboats An
con and Chr'.stobal. nnd the collier.
Hector. Mar. Vuleait. Oysloua. Nep
tune, und Xnnshan.
With Gen. Gustavo Maas
MEXICO CITY. April 14.-Wnb
American intervention apparently near
er than it has ever been before, as
result of the refusal of the Mexican
government to salute the flag- at Tampi
co. Mexico City was extremely quiet
General Huerta communicated further
with Gen. Gustavo Maas. federal com
mander at Vera Cruz, but there was
nothing to Indicate that the govern
ment was contemplating recession from
the stand that to salute the American
flag because of the urrest of the ma
rines at Tampico would not be In keep
inc with national dignity.
Iluerta's advisers Insist that no lit
suit was offered te flag, and the dic
tator endeavored to persuade Charge
0'Shaughn"3 to v.lthdraw the first Je
maiii) for an apology. This apolog:
huliisc been made, 'lowcvcr, he gov
ernment believes enough has been don
to placate the Washington authorities.