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title: 'The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, July 12, 1914, SUNDAY EVENING EDITION, Page 8, Image 8',
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THE WASHINGTON TIMES, SUNDAY, JULY 12, 1914.
PUBLISHED EVERT EVENING
Sy The Washington Times Company.
THE MUNSEY BUILDING. Peon. Ave.
FRANK A. MUNSEY, President
R. H. TITHERLNGTON, Sv.crei.iry.
C. H. POPE, Treasurer.
One Tear (Including Sunday). JJ.60.
Six Months, L75. Three Months. SOc
Entered at the postosrice at Waahlngton. D.
C as second class mall matter.
SUNDAY, JUL? 12, 1914.
TAKE THE TIMES ALONG.
While on our vacation this sum
mer, keep posted concerning Wash
ington people and affairs by having
The Times follow you No matter
how quiet and Inaccessible the sea
side, mountain, or woodland place
trhere you are sojourning, you can
read all the news of Washington and
the world each day by having The
Times mailed to you. At any point
where it is possible to hear from
the world at all througn the mails.
The Times will follow you.
Addresses may be changed as often
as desired, and the paper will bei
delivered promptly, providing you
are careful to see that The Times is
notified of the changed residence.
Subscribe for the paper now. Tele
phone your order to Main 6260. Al
wiyi give your regular as well as
Jrour vacation address, and state
aeflnitely how long the paper is to
fee mailed. Subscription rates can be
ascertained by inquiring at The
Times office. Mall subscriptions are
payable In advance to The Wash
ington Times Company, Munsey
JUSTICE LURTON'S DEATH
The death of Mr. Justice Horace
Harmon Lurton, of tha Supreme
Court, was not wholly unexpect
ed, as he had been ill for a num
ter of months. It removes from
'he Federal bench, one of the
veterans in service, not on the
-Supreme Court indeed, but in judi
cial place. So long ao as 1875 he
recame chancellor of the sixth divi
sion of Termesseeand He has been
on one bench or another ever since:
associate justice and than chief jus
nee of the Tennessee supreme court,
circuit judge of the United States
for the Sixth circuit, and finally, in
i910, appointed by President Taft to
re Associate Judge" of the Federal
Judge Lurton's death removes one
more of that rapidly decreasing
grqup of public men who postponed
their college life in order to serve
in the civil war. He carried a rifle
three years in the Confederate serv
ice, and afterward took his academic
ana law courses.
In the four and a half years of his
service on the highest bench. Justice
Lurton has participated in the deci
fion of a number of the most impor
tant cases ever handed down from
SCIENCE AND IMPA
TIENCE. Many are the disappointments in
he preparations for the flight across
he Atlantic. To some folk, how
ler, who have viewed the careful,
'lculating experiments now going
at Lake Keuka experiments
hirh are developing an exact, trust
orthy and scientific machine outof
ne big flying boat America visions
r the long oversea trip become
othed with reality.
Day by day Glenn H. Curtiss, who
ng ago winged his way into his
iry, is laboring to reduce the ele
- ent of failure upon which the lives
r Lieut. John C. Porte and his
Vmerican companion, George Hal
ett, will depend throughout their
azardous trip. Confident the big
j rdboat will fly and carry all the
ecessary fuel for the long- jump to
he Azores, the first stop, Curtiss
ct refuses to give over trying to
ake the machine mere perfect a a
ver and worthy of rough sea usljre
iould she flutter into the water.
In his nervous anxiety to be on his
inged way to his native shores,
leutenant Porte, the British avia
or, chafes at every delay in the
jmpletion of his craft. Despite the
device of Curtiss and of the other
fronautical experts gathered in
lammondsDort to watch . the trial
' titterings cf the international
cdgling, he presses to be allowed
attempt the trans-Atlantic flight
ro Eoon. He'd better not ignore
ft wiser judgment if he wants the
access of a trip destined to go down
r history as no other flight since the
nghts first flew at Kitty Hawk.
THE AMERICAN SUITOR.
The rejected American suitor in
he latest international matrimonial
angle has aroused a champion more
oughty than the maidens whose
mpathetic notes strewed the wake
f his returning steamer. A Repre
entative from Ohio has espoused his
ause in a bill designed to depress
he value of heiresses in the Euro
The effectiveness of any courtship
ill that leaves unrestricted the
maneuvers of fond papas and mamas
s open to doubt. A prospective
t ciress of modest income can nego
tiate for a title of very respectable
antiquity by having her husband's
laim charged against her father's
Perhaps, too, national vanity will
not submit to a measure lessening
the attractiveness of one of our
choicest articles of export. We
should prefer to have the descend
ants of those who "came over" with
the Conqueror continue to come over
in quest of a fortune and be reouffed,
if rebuffed they must be, not by leg
islative enactment, but through their
individual demerits. In exposing
these demerits American youth has
no better ally than the newspaper
that faithfully chronicles the pag
eantry of international marriages
and as faithfully the freqoent annul
ment, separation, and divorce.
On the whole, legislatures can
probably do little to discourage the
traffic in titj unless they add to
their Mothers' Day and Fathers' Day
and all other family days an Ameri
can Suitors' Day to be devoted to
speech-making, band playing, parad
ing and wearing of bachclc-s' but
tons in honor of the f ancy free.
GEORGETOWN IS RIGHT1
Georgetown wants, needs, and
should have a commodious bridge to
Rosslyn, Va. The need is impera
tive. For a century or more trade and
commerce have baen builded with
the old Aqueduct bridge as the high
way and the focal point. Present
economic and commercfal conditions
are dependent upon it. These condi
tions of more than a century's build
ing should not be lightly swept aside.
To the memory of the oldest living
man the Aqueduct bridge has been
the highway from Maryland and the
District of Columbia into northern
Virginia. Business and economic
conditions and real estate values
have adjusted themselves apcord-
Just what the interests are that
would lightly throw aside a cen
tury's building, has not been re
pealed. The exact situation with re
spect to a new Aqueduct bridge, is
not clear, but the people of George
town have come into the open to
fight any location of a District ter
minus east of the center of George
town and rightfully so. All of the'
highways of commerce and of pleas
ure have been laid for a radius of
many miles with the Aqueduct
bridge as a crossway. Business has
adjusted itself to this crossway and
millions have been invested accord
ingly. Business men claim that these
millions would be swept away, and
their work and the work of their
fathers before them brought to
naught by taking away the old high
way. Big business supply houses have
grown up in Rosslyn to supply the
District trade through Georgetown.
Wholesale and retail houses along
M street have spent decade after
aecade in building a Virginia trade.
What would become of them with no
Aqueduct bridge? What would be
come of the real estate values they
Georgetown is the accepted center
of the Virginia trade. For a cen
tury or more the Virginia farmer
has exchanged his produce and fruits
for machinery and supplies in
Georgetown. His trading point is at
or contiguous to the bridge termi
nus. Should this bridge terminus be lo
cated east of Rock Creek, the Vir
ginian would have miles to go before
reaching the business district that
has been built for him in George
town. He would have farther to go
to reach the shopping center of
Furthermore a bridge terminus
east of Rock Creek would be an ex
pensive piece of engineering. There
is no natural approach as afforded
by M street in Georgetown, and an
expensive one would have to be built
to meet the Rosslyn grade, that has
been universally filledio "that of M
street. Such a bridge would be
twice as long and consequently near
ly twice as expensive a3 one from
Rosslyn to theioot of Thirty-sixth
or Thirty-fourth streets.
Relocate the bridge, if relocation
is necessary, west of the center of
WHEN FRIENDSHIP IS
Contractors' bonds in Louisville
are placed by law in the joint cus
tody of the city comptroller and the
city treasurer, who are responsible
for their safekeeping and each of
whom is supposed to check the oper
ations of the other. It is a system
designed to guard the city against
misappropriation, unless the joint
trustees become joint criminals as
well. And yet it has failed.
Samuel M. Wilhite, the comptrol
ler, and City Treasurer Sea were
close friends. Wilhite was engaged
in speculation and had lost money.
Ho provided himself with funds by
taking the bonds of which he and
Sea were custodians and hypothe
cating them for loans at banks. Just
how he managed to accomplish this
is explained by Sea.
"Mr. Wilhite," he says, "would
come over to my office and, carrying
an envelope especially made for the
purpose, he would invite me to go
over to the Columbia building with
him. Of course, I had implicit con
fidence in him, and when he depos
ited the envelopes in the box I was
absolutely satisfied that they con
tained the bonds, the numbers of
which were marked on the envelopes."
The old story, of course, of too
great confidence, that has had its
consequence not alone in the city's
loss, which a honding company per
haps may make good, but in the
destruction of a friendship and the
downfall of a friend. Had Sea per
formed the duty that was his the
abstraction -of bonds by Wilhite
would have been impossible, or at
worst could not have been continu
ous: it must have been discovered
after the first offense.
"The man whose duty it is to
check another in financial transac
tions is a far better friend when he
attends to his work than when he
neglects it," says the Louisville
Courier-Journal, drawing the. moral
of this Wilhite defalcation, and the-Courier-Journal
is right. Confidence
and trust are necessary elements in
the transaction of modem business,
but they should not forbid the exer
cise of ordinary prudence; even more
emphatically should they not excuse
the discharge of official duty.
THE MEXICAN "CRISIS."
It is a reasonably good guess that
fthe "crisis" in Mexico, which is due
when Villa and Carranza go to war
over the division of the spoils, will
never arrive. One of the chief re
sources of cientifico enterprise has
been the effort to create dissension
between the military and civil lead
ers of the constitutionalist cause.
There have been almost daily reports,
for months past, of new troubles be
tween Villa and Carranza; and just
about as regularly there has been
substantial evidence that these re
ports were greatly exaggerated. The
constitutionalist arms could not have
achieved the marvelous progress
that has been gained by them; con
stitutionalist diplomacy could not
have handled its business with the
consummate skill it has displayed
if there had been serious and persist-
.ent. trouble between Villa and Car
Without doubt there has been dif
ference of opinion and policy on
many occasions, between elements
of the leadership. Without doubt,
too, the civil and military arm's have
seen matters from different points
of view. That is "always true. Wash
ington and the Continental Congress
were always mixing it; and tory en
terprise framed up troubles for
Washington with just the same per
tinacity that cientifieos have been
organizing them for Villa. In the
civil war, both North and South,
politicians and soldiers were con
stantly disagreeing about what to
do and to leave undone. That is in
evitable. Villa and Carranza have
had their troubles, as leadership in
any country, under such conditions,
is bound to have troubles. But'
there will be no breach that will
throw away the fruits of victory. Let
the enemies of Mexican freedom for
get their machinations. They are
not destined to succeed.
FRANCE AND THE FAIR.
France is going to be represented
officially at the Panama-Pacific ex
position. After much delay and some
opposition, provision has been made
for a government exhibit at a cost
of 2,000,000 francs, or about $400,
000. Germany and Britain continue to
stand back, declining to participate
despite that many of their business
elements are protesting that it is
bad politics and worne business.
It certainly is both. About the
only chance that one of the great
European countries gets to manifest
its appreciation for the flood of
American tourist gold, is by the oc
casional courtesy of. such a partici
pation as this all San Francisco.
Suppose the American public
should be so far offended that it
would quit spending its money for
pleasure and travel in. say, Germany
and England; and suppose France
should be given the shares of those
The result would be a huge boom
in France, and a commercial depres
sion of mo3t serious sort in the boy
No European nation can afford
thoughtlessly to snub the aspirations
of an American exposition, whether
tho participation pays directly or
not. Nothing pays Europe quite so
well as American trade, American
good will, American willingness to
spend the money that nobody has in
quite such volume as America.
The American people might well
afford to be more self-respecting
about such matters than they are.
Just contemplate the fact that the
lopping off of American travelers'
tips, alone, would fill the almshouses
of the Continent in a single season!
They can't well afford to snub us, if
we will only make clear our dispo
sition to defend our own interests.
France deserves especially well at
American hands because Fhe has had
tho sense and the manners to lead
the way in this affair at San Francisco.
Pleasing All Classes at Open Band Concerts
Not the Easiest Task in the World for Director
Leader Santleman, of the Pres
ident's Own, Has the Happy
Faculty of Giving the Pedple
Just What They Want.
Some Want the Standard Com
positions, While a Majority
Prefer the Popular or More
Thousands of Washingtonians
each week hear the concerts of the
United States Marine Band.
Are the programs too classical,
or too "popular?" There is a wide
divergence of opinion on this sub
ject. Leader Santlemann explains
for Times readers how the pro
grams of the band's concerts are
This band is unique among mu
ical organizations of this country.
For reasons explained by Mr. San
tlemann, it is equipped to play mu
sic few other bands attempt. It is
our national band. Its organization
and functions are outlined in this
By J. R. HILDEBRAND.
Every visitor to Washington comes .
dctcrmnied to see a few landmarks, j
such as the Capitol. President Wilson,
rlne Band concerts.,
Fcr the Marine Band concerts are
wcrth seeing as well as hearing. On
of the most picturesque sights in
Washington is that in the east fror.t
of the Capitol, when crowds (rather
on the Mtepb, and stand about, on the
grass plots, facing the tree-studded
ellipse, through which gleam the
white walls of tho Library, the Ssr.
ate and the House office buildings.
There with, the "JapltoJ for a huce
sounding board, the Marine Band, the
President's band, plays to an audi
ence of hundreds as silent, as atten
tive and as apineclatlve as those wh
pay hgh prices for neat-j at syniphJny
This gathering occurs at the Capi
tol every Wednesday evening through
out the summer, in different settinzc,
at th White Jlouse and ar rue Ma
Washington folkB have come to feel
these concert- sv much tl.clr own
that it is small wonder many of them
feel well qualified tt select THEIl:
program for THIJt concerts That
same qiralliy of human nature which
endews every regular suoscrioer with
ideas on now to run a newspaper bet
ter than the editor, communicatee
its.-lf to attendants at thes. concirts.
Suggestions Often Helpful
Not that many of the suggestions
are not helpful. And there are fevv.
concert numbers when Leader W. H.
Santlemann does not play one or more
"request" numbers. But naturally in
such cosmopolitan gatherings there arc
cosmopolitan tastes.. And while Leader
Santlemann tries to meet this variety
In each program, there still are those
who insist on their Idea of a "good
piece" to the exclusion of other
A few patrons, and thepe are believed
to be growing less each ear, would
have the band play programs of the
"Everybody Loves a Chicken" and "In
the Good Old Summertime" type. Then
there are those to whom familiarity
spells quality, and they tend toward the
"Annie Laurie." " 'Wav Down Upon
the Suwanee River." "Old Kentucky
Home" type. Others jump to the other
extreme, and would have Brahms.
exclusion of any concessions to tbe
proletariat. For there, are musical
snobs as well as other varieties.
Hence the. difficulty of selecting pro
grams for open-air public concerts
which shall please the greatest number.
Leader Santlemann has frequent com
plaints that his programs are too
"popular.' and others stating they are too
"high brow." Hence his philosophical
conclusion that he must have reached
a nappy meaium.
"But the real basis on which our pro
grams are made up take into account
two facts." ho stated. "I try to make
the concerts educational In tho truest
musical sense. And I try to play those
compositions which our band only, in
this city. Is equipped to render. Reav
ing many of the modern and so-cailed
'popular' music to smaller bands, an
well as the adaptations from musical
comedies, on which we should not spernl
Because of Its size, and because of the
capability of Its musicians, for reasons
What's on the Program This Week
Maon!c Dawson Lodge. No IS. Hon'. No
. and SUnsbury. No 14; Mount Vernon
Chapter. No 3. Hiram. No. 10, ami Ana
costla. No 11 Royal Arch
National L'nlon Pressmen's Council and
East Capitol Council
Maccabees National Tent. No 1 Mount
Vernon Tent. No 4, and Anacostls, No 7
Knights of Pythias Decatur I-odge. No.
Calanthe. No 11. and Brjual. No 17
Odd Fellows Union 1-odge, No 11, Deacon
Lodge, No H, Ijingdon. No 26. and Cove
nant. No 13. Esther I-odge. No b, He
Concert by United States Sddlers' Home
Hand. Handstand. I P m
Concert by I'nlted States Marine Band. Ma-
rlne Harracks, 4 30 p m
Dascball, Washington s Detroit. American
League.Pnrk, 3 JO p m
Masonic Federal Ixtdge. No 1. Acacia. No
18. and Taknma, No 29. Washington Naval
Chapter. No. 6. Mount lloreli. No 7. rnd
Potomac, No. S. Royal Arch. Evangelist
Chapter, Rose Croix. Scottish Kite, anni
versary celebration. Electa Chapter, No 3.
Friendship. No 17. Order of tho Eastern
Maccabees Bright ood Tent. No 6
Knights of Pythias Webster Lodge. No 7.
Excelsior. No. 14, Capital. No n, and Myr
tle. No. 3.
Odd Fellows Washington Lodge. No 6.
Amity. No. 17. and Golden Rule. No. II.
, Fred D Stuart Encampment. No 27.
baseball, Washington vs Detroit, American
League Park, 3:30 p. m
Masonic Washington Csntennlal odg. ve i
U; Osiris. No. 36. and East Oat. No. M;
Vn1SAs & UT "- " auT&BoiSLr
. fRPrVf I r ' nM,HS) utiCULTU(lB .
flM flSBi Br T ESwr11-! muc ''"is AtvFou
jt uncle M'si&rS0m J 1 WvsmL $
ff p "''IH255!r X &VvLXV Wrf tJJi K
he explained, the Marine Band, its
leader believes. Is fitted to play a class
of music which other bands of the city
would not attempt.
"This is no criticism of the other or
ganizations," he continued. "We have
a number of excellent military bands
here, and the classes of music I men
tioned can be left to them. We should
not spend our time on them when there
is a class of music, for which there is
a growing demand, which we alone are
equipped to render."
Marine Band programs of this season
hae included such difficult music for
a band aa von Weber's "Euryanthe."
Dvorak's "Legenden" Xo. 4, Leybach's
Fifth Nocturne. the Largo from
Dvorak's "New World Symphony" and
the "Peer Gynt" suite of Grelg.
But interspersed In the programs
which contained these numbers were
such lighter selection as excerpts from
"The Merry Widow." a parody on
"Coming Through the Rye:" "On Tip
toe." a caprice; von Blon's "Whisper
ing Flowers." and a Conradi medley
These lighter numbers, and espclally
the humorous selection we often give,
such as the Humoresque based on "O
You Beautiful Doll." are as much en
joyed by the musicians as by the au
dience. At our last concert we played
the grand scene from "Madam Butter
fly" and then the humoresque I Just
mentioned. Both were applauded. But
if several selections of a similar nature
had been played the later ones would
have fallen flat.
"Therefore it is not at all discouraging
to have one of our travesties on a
country band applauded Just as much as
a grand opera number. The applause
in the former case simply means that
the audience Is in a mood for a gay
number after they have- listened to a
serious musical composition."
Advantage of Rehearsal..
In its attention to serious music the
Marine Band has an advantage over
many of the best known private bands
of the country. For the civilian bands
have to pay their men for rehearsals,
while members of the Marine Band, by
Congressman "Jerry" Donovan of
Connecticut started a one-man fili
buster in the House yesterday against
the general deficiency appropriation
bill. Mr. Donovan had no objection
to the bill as such, but he kicked
vigorously when it was proposed
by Congressman Fitzgerald, In
charge of the measure, that general
debate should continue for eight
hours, to be equally divided among
the two sides of the chamber.
"Does that .mean that members
will follow the usual custom and
get up here and talk about anything
under the sun?"
"A member who gets recognition
during general debate may talk on
any subject he chooses," said Mr.
"And then they'll continue to talk
about a lot of Irrelevant things un
der the nve-minute rule?" asked
"I cannot promise what th House
will do," said Mr. Fitzgerald.
Columbia Chapter, No. 1, and Brlghtwood,
No. 9, Rojal Arch
National Union Treasury Council. Congres
Knights of PMhlas Mount Vernon Lodge.
No 6. and Union. No '. Friendship Tern
pie. No 9. Pythian Sisters
Outing of District Battalion. Uniform Rank.
KnlghtR of PytliUl. to Marshall Hall
Ninth annual excursion of the Night Watch
men's Association. Chesapeake Beach
Baseball, W-nhlngton s Detroit. American
Masonic Naval IjOdge. No 4. Harmonv, No
17. LaFnyette. No 19
National L'nlon National Council. Nonpareil
Council, and Mount Vernon Coucll
Maccabees Georgetown Tent. No 6. and Dis
trict Tent. No. x
Knights of Pjthlas Franklin Lodge. No I
Odd Fellows Excelsior llge. No. 17. Co
lumbia. No 10. and Salem. No
Baseball. Washington vs Cleveland. AmerU
can League Park. 3 30 p ni
Masonic Columbia Iylge. No 3 Ihanon.
No 7. and East Gate, No 31, Columbia
Commandery, No I. Knights Templar.
Knights of Columbus Drill team assembly
Knights of Pythias Syracuilans Lodge, No.
10; RathlKine Temple, No S. Pythian f-'ls-tors
Odd Fellows Central Lodge, No 1. Metropo
lis, No 18, and Phoenix No 3S, Magcncnu
Encampment. No 4
Baseball, Washington vs Cleveland, Ameri
can League Park, 3.30 p m
National Union Joseph Henry Council
'Odd Fellows Drill. Canton Washington. No
' l. Patriarchs Militant.
Baseball, Washington vs Clevslind, Ameri
can Leagua Park, IP. a,
T ,rjtHH LSK I v JiT'a6:-
I II W' BH B W rv"jp -?10
1 fl' 33WPBl "S-1 SCl F "s.
11 ?. ''. f-yti. .. .;! H Br. . i
v . -MSr
i lJki$&-t& r m
ivUV c&tr ArrTtofn Vf EDM&ts-natt-
the terms of their four-year enlistment,
are required to rehearse every morning,
except Saturday and Sunday, for two '
"The term 'popular' music is mislead.-
lng," Leader Santlemann said. "J con-:
aider Puccini and Verdi, Wagner and .
Offenbach, popular composers In the '
best sense of the term, and their music
we find to be tremendously popular
among our audiences.
xnis increasing aemana ior music oil
a higher quality Is not only In evidence '
in wasnmgion, out it is anecung mo
programs of bands throughout the
country. I 'received, onl the other day,
a copy of a Wagnerian program given
by the Repasz Band, of Wllllamsport,
Pa., on which were eight representative
This historic band, organized In 1S31.
makes a practice of giving programs
made up of the works of one composer.
The plan is being followed in many
Dates Back To 1798.
The Marine Band is at the service of
the President for all state occasions,
and it corresponds to th royal and court
Mr. Mann, the minority leider,
called for the "regular order," which
meant putting the question of ob
jection. "Who asks for the regular order?"
asked the Connecticut member, bel
ligerently. "The gentleman from Illinois,
said the Speaker.
"Then I objccl." shouted Mr.
Donovan and no agreement could be
reached regarding general debate.
Mr. Fitzgerald then moved to dis
pense with the first reading of the
bill and again Mr. Donovan yelled
his objection, causing the clerk to
read the long measure.
During the reading Mr. Donovan
asserted that the clerk was skipping
a paragraph now and then, and tho
indignant member from the Nutmo,j
State followed the reading of the
bill sentence by sentence to see that
there was no "skipping."
Mr Donovan lectured Mr. Fitz
gerald by nsscrting that Instead of
encouraging long speeches the House
leaders should bend their efforts to
ward keeping a quorum In the House
and rushlnr business.
Mr. Donovan sought to make a
point of no quorum, but was a few
seconds too late, as the motion had
been carried to go into Commitee
of the Whole for the reading of the
Bans 'Until Death
Do Us Par?
CHICAGO, July 12. No more mar
riage ceremonies In which either
party vows to take the other "until
death do ui p.irt" v 111 be performed
by Justice of th Piacc Henry Nell,
of Oak Patk
lie will substitute the words so
long as lovo and affection shall last."
and the bride and brldeioom must
give audible assent to the change.
"It Is shocking to think of a man
and wonvm llvlnS together and
bound to each other alter love and
affection has died," he said The
'death' referred to in the marriage
service must brt the death of love
and affection and not the death of
the body. The reason tl'.ore are so
many bachelors and bplnsttrs is that
mn and women hejltote to vow to
remain together until they are part
ed by death.
"Of course, I would not allow pa
rents to shirk caring for their chil
dren The legal and moral respon
sibility iotiM remain In full."
JustlcoNcil. who has a otibllaliing
business. Is secretary of tho National
Probation League, and author of the
mothers' pension law. When elected
two years ago he announced he pro
posed to conduct his office aa Jesus
would do It.
bands of Europe. Few know that Its
history dates back to 17JS. when an act
was-approved by President John Adams
for organizing a marine corps. In this
act provision was made for sixteen
drummers and sixteen flfers. and these
formed the nucleus of a Marine Band.
Later thirteen Italian musicians were
brought to this country and enlisted as
drummers and flfers, and then the-Mar-ine
Band began to assume its present
functions as a military band.
Until 1SS1 the band performed routine
military duty, but in that year public'
concerts were started. The band then
was under the leadership of Francis
Scala. In ISM., extra compensation was
voted to members of the band for these
open-air -concerts. The concerts grew
In favor so rapidly that Congress was
persuaded to rate the organization as
a military band, and provided foe a
principal musician and thirty members.
President Lincoln affixed his signature
to the act which marked the recogni
tion of the first band In the United
States military service. Followlns the
retirement of Francis Scala. Henry
fries, louis Bcnnelder. John, Philip
Sousa, and Francesco Fanclulll served.
In the order named, as leaders. In
iras. the present leader, Mr. Santelmann.
Membership of Twenty-three.
Shortly after Leader Santelmann's ap
pointment the importance of the band.
Evening Services in tbe Cburcbes
SERMON The Rev. James L. McLain, Wilson Memorial Methodist Epis
copal Church, Eleventh street, between G and I southeast, 7 p. m.
THE HOME The Rev. Lucius C. Carr, Hamline Methodist Episcopal Church,
Ninth and P streets northwest, 8 p. m.
MODNT CARMEL The Rev. W. R. Wedderspoon, Foundry Methodist Epis
copal Church, Avenue of the Presidents and Church street northwest, S
SERMON The Rev. Edward K. Hardin, ML Vernon Place Methodist Epis
copal Church South, Ninth and K streets northwest, 8 p. m.
SERMON The Rev. Andrew R. Bird, Second Presbyterian Church, Twenty
second street, between P and Q, 8 p.m.
SERMON The Rev. James H. Taylor, Central Presbyterian Church, Six
teenth and Irving streets northwest, 8 p. m.
SERMON The Rev. Harry Baremore Angus, Church of the Covenant, Con
necticut avenue and N street northwest, 8 p.m.
THE WONDERS OF MUSIC The Rev. John Compton Ball, Metropolitan
Baptist Church, Sixth and A street northeast, 7:45 p. m.
AN UNHAPPY MARRIAGE The Rer. John E. Briggs, Fifth Baptist
Church, Seventh and E streets southwest, 7:45 p. m.
JESUS' SAYING ABOUT WOMAN The Rev. F. W. Johnson, Grace Bap
tist Church, Ninth and D streets southeast, 8 p. m.
SERMON The Rev. W. Q. Russell, Calvary Baptist Church, Eighth and H
streets northwest, 8 p.m.
FEAR AND FORGIVENESS The Rev. J. J. Muir, Temple Baptist Church,
Tenth and N streets, 7:45 p. m.
WHY WASHINGTON FOLK FROLIC The Rev. E.Hes Swem, Centennial
Baptist Church, Eighth and I streets northeast, 8 p. m.
THE LORD'S PORTAL Divine Science Meeting, 1746 S street northwest, 8
SERMON The Rev. Gilbert Williams, Church of the Epiphany, G between
Thirteenth and Fourteenth streets northwest, 8 p.m.
SERMON The Rev. Howard E. Thompson, Washington Cathedral, ML SL
Albans, D. C, 4 p. m.
THE TEST OF ENDURANCE The Rev. John F. Stephenson, Washington
Temple Congregation, Thirteenth and New York avenue, 3 p. m.
SPIRITUALISM The Rev. E. R. Harter, Big Tent, First and Randolph
rlace northwest, 7:30 p. m.
SERMON The Rev. A. S. Lobiary, Trinity Methodist Episcopal Church,
Fifth and Pennsylvania avenue. 7 p. m.
SERMON The Rev. L. Morgan Chambers, McKendree Methodist Episcopal
Church, Massachusetts avenue neir Ninth street northwest, 8 p.m.
LESSONS FROM NIAGARA FALLS rhe Rev. Howard F. Downs, Wesley
Chapel Methodist Episcopal, Church, Fifth and F street northwest, 8
THE HAPPY HOUR The Rev. Dr. McMurray, Union Methodist Episcopal
Church, Twentieth street near Pennsylvania avenue northwest, 7:30
A PROHIBITION JOY RIDE The Rev. Merritt Earl, Congress Methodist
Episcopal Church, Nichols and Alabama avenues southeast, 8 p.m.
SERMON The Rev. George A. Miller, Ninth street Christian Church, Ninth
and D streets northeast, 7:45 p. ra.
SERMON The Rev. H. D. Gordon, Grace Church, Pentecostal-Naiarene, 130
Pennsylvania avenue northwest, 8 p.m.
which played at events ofnatlonl asti
international importance, was recog'
nized by increasing if to its present
strength of a, first and second leader,
thirty first-class musicians, thirty- second-class
musicians, ten privates, and
a drum major, a total of seventy
Much has been done, under Mr. Saa
tltmann'a leadership, toward organizing
an orchestra among members of the
band. All applicants considered for
position in the band must play a
stringed instrument unless he be s
., j. . i . . tr r
in developing an orcnesiiA. ur. fi
Huuemuin cxpi incu. ia n a s uwu
accomplished toward an Improved tone
quality in the band's playing, for near
ly all secondary performers in the band
are prominent players In the orchestra,
which places good men on Instruments
which too often are considered unlm
Many widely known musicians havo
graduated from the ranks of the band,
such s Arthur Pryor. trombone solo
ist, now 'leader of his- own band. In
the bancVnoware a number of soloists
cf wide reputation. Walter F. Smith,
second leader. Is the solo cornetlst.
Jacques Loulx Vanpoucke won prestige
as a teacher before he became the solo
cianneusi oi me hd- .r jreri . cro . .
ii one of the foremost solo flutists In "- )
this country. Fritz A. Mueller, solo
'cellolst. has been associated with sev
eral symphony orchestras and his reper
torv includes numbers of his own eom
posltlcn. Arthur 3. Witcomb had wide
orchestra experience before he came
to the Marine Band, with which he has
been connected for nine years.
The Marine Band's present greatest
need Is band stands instead of the open
platforms on which they now play.
Stands like the one. on Fotpasae Drive.
Mr. Santlemann stated, onable the ban
to give much better results and suots
It possible for the musicians to woric
for more delicate shading and bettsr