Newspaper Page Text
Fair Tonight and
WASHINGTON, SATURDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 20, 1915.
PRICE ONE CENT.
IN JAPAN AND
EUROPE, a S.
Fear That China May Lose Her
Sovereignty Through Action
of Her Neighbor Felt Here
and in London.
Demands Made at Time When
Both America and Britain
Are Unable to Turn Their At
tention to East.
By JTJDSON C WELLIVER.
In neither Washington nor Lon
don does any official body speak of
It in tones above a stage whisper.
But in both capitals there is a
feeling of concern lest Japan, tak
ing advantage of the preoccupation
of the United States and Great
Britain, is getting ready to clamp
on China a grip that will be too
strong to be shaken off after the
war in Europe.
Japan has recently sent to China
certain demands, or requirements,
or insistent suggestions, regarding
the relations that may be expected
to subsist between the two coun
tries in future.
More Than Coincidence.
If granted, these demands would
place Japan In a position very largely
to dominate the administration and
also the field of commercial opportun
ity In China.
This situation in the Far East hap
pens to develop Just at the tltne when
tho United States Is deeply concerned
about Its relations with Germany and
the German submarine blockade of
Great Britain. Public men wonder
whether there is more than a coinci
dence in this fact: whether Japan,
with that uncanny prescience that so
often marks Japanese tlcalliier with
international relations, has picked a
time for aggression In China, when
It knows that neither Britain nor
America, is entirely free to give at
tention to oriental matters.
Some facts are perfectly patent In
1. Japan has presented to China a
bcrles of demands which not only
China, but neutral countries consid
er to involve a dangerous infringe
ment of Chinese sovereignty in the
territory of China.
2. These demands, if granted, would
restrict seriously that equality of op
portunity in umna wnicn Japan ana
the United States have agreed was
their aim and purpose.
5. They Include insistence on a para
mountcy , of Japanese influence In the
administration of China, that must, if
once established, tend to Increase and
(Continued on Third Page.)
T U. S, TO PAY
The novel plea that Congress should
pay tho Judgment recently affirmed by
the Supreme. Court In the famous case
of the Danbury Hatters against the
union hatters, wan presented to the
House Appropriations Committee today
by Alton B. Parker, Samuel Gompcrs,
and Frank Morrison, representing the
American Federation of Iibor.
Tho three labor representatives were
heard at an executive session of the
committee. Action on their request that
an appropriation of $230,000 for tho re
lief of the Danbury hatters be Included
in tho general dellcleney bill was post
poned until next week.
The contention of the Hatters' Union
Is that the. Slierinun anti-trust law
ias novor intended to applv to tho
ptaceful acts ot organized labor, and
that this Is demonstiatcd by the in
clusion in tho more recent Clayton bill
of tho labor exemption clause. Never
theless, Mcs.srs. Parker, Uompers, and
Morilson argued today the Supreme
Couit decision holds the Individual
members of the Danbury union respon
blble for the strike, and their homes
and bank savings haev been attached.
Contending that Congress never In
tended the Sherman law to apply in
hi'ch cases, the three labor representa
tives argu that Congress should now
make ame-uls for the faulty wording
of the law. passed In 1S00. by paying the
damago suit of the Danbury hatters
IN CONGRESS TODAY.
Met at 11 o'clock.
Special committee on Excise Board In
; "ciers meeting until Morula.
hlip purchase inquiry .ontluued.
I ropohtd agricultural census stricken
from legif-liitlve bill.
Ken) on amendment for investigation
Into cost of living of wage earners
In District adopted
, House met at li o'clock.
Passed resolution asking information
about conduct of custom.! collector of
liredo, T'., district,
Itraiirned debute on the diplomatic und
consular appropriation bill.
Radio and Telephone
Fair at San Francisco
President Wilson Flashes Signal for Great Interna
tional Exposition, Where Forty-two Nations
Are RepresentedGreat Parade Features
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 20. All San Francisco was astir by
7 a. m. today, and with the greatest outpouring of people in the city's
history the Panama-Pacific international exposition was opened.
Franklin K. Lane, Secretary of the Interior, was the official rep
resentative of President Wilson at the ceremonies. The President
himself, however, will give the word for throwing open the gates. His
voice will be carried over a 3,000-mile telephone circuit from the
White House to the exposition grounds. The President will press a
button, transmitting an electric current which will throw open the
main door of Machinery Palace, set the machinery running, and
start the "Fountain of Energy" in front of the "Tower of Jewels."
GREAT PARADE A FEATURE.
Exposition officials estimate that 500,
000 persons will pass through the turn
stiles today. It wubjmio of the greatest
crowds that ever attended an exposition
on lis opening day.
The greatest parade In California's his
tory preceded the opening of the exposi
tion. More than 250,000 persons par
ticipated in the "Grand March" along
Van Ness avenue from Market street to
the exposition gates. The parade started
promptly at 9 o'clock, headed by Mayor I
James Rolph, Jr. Representatives ns
weU as thousands of visitors and native
sons and daughters. Tho local Japanese i
ana Chinese colonies alono had more
than 1,000 men, women and children In
line. There were hcores of bunds and
fife and drum corps.
Early this morning bands marched
throughout tho city, rousing the resi
dents to Join In the celebration. .Solutes
were fired from the forts about tho city I
and ships in the harbor, bells were rung
and whistles blown for an hour after
6 :30, when the "official noise-making"
Beginning at 10 a. m addresses were
delivered in tne grandstand erected un-
Capitol Is Besieged By
Donation Week Toilers
The Capitol was besieged this afternoon. Donation Week workers
mobilized there at 2 o'clock to make personal appeals to members of
Congrss to add their contributions to the fund for Washington charities.
Downtown it was "penny day." At Burchell's store, on F street,
a large tin candy pail, especially for children's penny donations, was
placed on the sidewalk.
GIRL SCOUTS TAKE CHARGE.
At Woodward & Lothrop's girl scouts,
under the direction of Mrs. Giles Scott
Rafter, took charge of the several col
One of the busiest stations this morn
ing was that at Lansburgh's, where
Mrs. Kate Waller Barrett, Just back
from a northern trip, took chargo of
the Florence Crlttenton Mission sta
tion. Under Mrs. Faber Stevenson, repre
senting the Episcopal Eye, ' Ear, and
Throat Hospital, a bevy of young wom
en gathered at neeves' and made per
sonal uppeals to each customer.
"Dozens of women have told us they
IN FRIEND'S OFFICE
M. J. Sullivan Succumbs Unex
pectedly oh Vist for Social
Suddenly gasping for breath as he
entered the office of a dentist friend,
at 1110 F street northwest, thi.s morn
ing, Michael J. Sullivan, twenty-elscht.
a clerk in tho War Department, fell
to the floor dead.
Sullivan had Intended chatting with
Dr. C. B. Keeter. whose offices are
at the F stieet address. He was en
route from hs homo at 18 Grant place
northwest to the War Department
when he stopped at the dentist's
Coroner Nevitt, who examined the
body, said that death was probably
due to heart trouble.
Sullivan was unmarried. Ho was
from Connecticut and had been em
ployed In the War Department for
about four years. An autopsy defin
itely to determine the caUhC of the
man's death will lie performed by
Deputy Coroner William Cai r this
Women and Children
Killed by Air Bombs
CETT1NJE (via l'arisi, Feb 20. -Two
women were kitted and four chlldieu
wounded by bomb, dioppi-d iiom an
Austilan aeroplaiu upon iVtui.jc today.
Tim pilot dropped nine bombs. It Is
believed that ho was trlns to dcstioy
the parliament bulidingu.
LE DO DEAD
dor the "Tower of Jewels," by Secretary
Lane, Charles r Moore, President of
the exposition : Gov. Hiram Johnson, and
There are morn than 00,000 reparnte
exhibits In the big palaces lining the
lon avenues of palms and tropical
gardens. In udrlltlon to forty-two for
eign nations and the Federal Govern
nu-nt. nearly every Stato In the Union
Hcnt exhibits. hllc Germany. Austria.
nB''""J; Serbia, and Belgium are not
France and Janan participated on a
"Tho Zone." the playground of tho
exposition, represents an outlay of more
than $10,000,01)0. It extends for nearly a
mile, and is the costliest amusement
street ever built.
Tonight the carnival 'hpirit will have
"s llrsl hilarious fling, when tho city
:ind its guests will throng the zone and
dance in the exposition year. At dusk a
lever will be thrown, relenting a stream
of electrical eneigy generated In the
Sierras, 300 miles away. Illuminating
fountains und buildings
ate 10 and 15 cent luncheons," Mr. Stev
enson said, "And they gave us the
change. Wo were surprised at tho cor
dial response even from those who said
thoy could not contribute. Many In
quired about the work, and the purpose
tor wnicn tne money was to be used."
One of the leaders of the work, who
had visited dozens of stations, rushed
up to the Burcheli collection box.
"Oh. what shall I do?" she walled.
I am only half through and the but
tons are all off my shoes. I shall have
to go home and lose all that time."
Mrs. Kills Ix)gan and several co-workers
came to the rescue, took the willing
worker to a shoo store for repairs, and
(Continued on Fifth Paso.)
First Chief's Force Is Now Be
sieging Villa Garrison at
Monclova, Says Report.
Carranza troops have occupied the
towns of Chllata and Cuatro after san
guinary engagements with Villa forces,
according to a statement issued today
b the Carranza agency here.
The agency'H announcement, based
upon messages from Iiredo, declared
that the Carranza force Is now besieg
ing the Villa garrison at Monclova and
that troops now are being massed tor
an attack upon the Villa stronghold
THREE BIG FEATURES
Final chapter in "The Million Dollar Mystery" and announcement of the $10,000 prize winner.
"A Woman Fighting For Her Husband's Life" Evidence of Mrs. Frank in the Frank case at Atlanta.
A Lesson From the Past Oscar King Davis tells how Uncle Sam went to war with England in 1812 and was
badly beaten because the country, as today, was not prepared.
In The Sunday Times Tomorrow
New York Salesman, After
Firing Bullets Into Boarding
House Keeper, Slays Young'
Husband and Father, Infatuat
ed With Stenographer, Ac
cuses Her of Misconduct Be
fore Enacting Tragedy.
NEWARK, N. J Feb. 20.
Hiram E. Craig, a well-to-do sales
man in the employ of the Colum
hia Mills Company, New York, to
dav shot and killed two women
one of whom he was infatuated
with, and then turned the revolver
on himself, inflicting two wounds
Physicians say he probably will re
cover. Craig has a wife and son living
in Jersey City.
The women he killed are Miss
u..: 0.,c ..uiv.cSv .,.
' ' I
I ographer, of whom he was jealous
and her landlady, Mrs. Mary
Clarke, forty-three. The tragedy
occurred at Mrs. Clarke's home.
Craig had been paying attention.
a m . i
10 miss rteeves ior some time, iaai
night he went to the Clarke home
and was informed that Miss
Reeves had gone to New York. He
waited for her until midnight, andjhers of rongiess and of maritime und
then Mrs. Clarke assigned him a
room. Miss Reeves returned this
Shoots Woman Twice.
Craig immediately accused her of
misconduct. He advanced as If to
strike her, und Mrs. Clarke inter
vened. Suddenly ho produced a re
volver and shot Mrs. Clarke twice.
Miss Reeves ran screaming upstairs
Into tho bath room. Tho man follow
ed. Before she could bolt the door
he got Islde, and as the woman crouch
ed, terror-stricken. In the corner he
ent two bullets Into her body, hho
died almost Instantly.
Craig then turned the gun on him
self. The first bullet inflicted only a
scalp wound, and ho fired another into
The tragedy was witnessed by Mrs.
Clarke's twenty-one-year-old daugh
ter, Mary, who called tho police.
To Push Excise
Senate Investigating Committee
Will Meet Monday to Perfect
Plans for Probe.
Senator Sheppard, of Texas, at the
head of the special committee to inves
tigate tho Excise Board of the District,
expects to go ahead with the investiga
tion next week.
At a preliminary meeting ot the full
committee jesterday. Senators Sheppard
and Jones were instructed to formulate
plans and report today, but this sub
committee is not yet ready to report.
The full commltteo will meet Monday
and perfect plana.
American Ship at Bremen.
BRKLlN (via London), Feb. 10. The
American steamer J. I Luchenbach.
fiom Roston, with a cargo of wool, has
safely arrived at Bremen.
Suffrage Gains in Indiana.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind.. Feb. 20. Tho
Indiana senate today passed the Maston
measure, giving limited suffrage to
women, 37 to 3.
DARDANELLES FORTS FALL
UNDER ALLIES' FIRE
PARIS, Feb. 20. Official announcement was
made today that the Franco-British fleet had bombarded
the Dardanelles forts with complete success.
. LONDON, Feb. 20. The. Turkish forts defend
ing the western entrance of the Dardanelles upon the
European side have been silenced by the Anglo-French
This statement was given out by the British admir
alty through the government, press bureau:
"On Friday morning about 8 o'clock the British
fleet attacked the forts upon European soil defending the
western entrance of the Dardanelles. The forts were
silenced, but some of the warships of the allied fleet was
struck by Turkish shells."
This is regarded as an important achievement. If
the Dardanelles passage is forced the way is open to Constantinople.
SOLONS INFLUENCED SENATE ASKS
BY SHIP INTERESTS i
Ship Broker Tells Senate Probe I
Commerce Are Affected.
u"!luce ljowne, of 50 rhu.cl. street.
New York, before the shin purchase in-
vest'gatlnn committee of the Senate,
today charged that members of lite
i New York Maritime Exchange, home
nirmbern of r'ongrcss, and the member
of most of the chambers of commerce
In seaport cities, were under the In-
ii m nn u, ,v,,(i oi(,,j,i,., llll'lvrtOi I
not urc-it agents for-forolpn r-hftipm.!
Downey's stiilrmrnt surprised the
committee He was iuostionod about it,
and admitted he did not menu mem-
good American citizens. He said thoy
made, part of their bread and butter
out of foreign shipping, and so favor
ed the foreign shlpp'ng when the line
was drawn between that and American
One-Man Affair. ,
Downey is a ship broker, and told the
committee ho had twice gone bloke in
the ship ard and shipbuilding busi
ness. He was questioned about the scope
and alms of the United States Merchant
Marine Association. He admitted, with
apparent pride, that It was practlcallj a
one-man body. He was the originator
of It and controlled It. Other incorpora
tors of It, whom he had asked to serve
temporarily, were II. C. Hunter, of New
York; W. H. Surlllng and W. S. B.
Bauchellc, of Newark, and 11. II. Mar
tin, of Brooklyn.
Tho association fought the ship pur
chase bill, but Downey held .out the
Idea that whereas others had fought it
because of their interest in foreign
'shipping, the object of his organization
was to promote a real American mer
It was brought out that he had hent
out a letter asking that all citizens not'
connected with foreign shipping com
binations contribute $10 for annual mem
ebrshlpa or $100 for a lifo membership in
tho I'nlted States Merchant Marine As
sociation. Tried To Sell Ship To U. S.
Downey told how, when American
forces were sent to Vera Cruz, he tried
to sell to the Secretary of the Treasury
and to tho Secretary of the Navy the
steamer Oceana, formerly a British
vessel, later owned by the Hamburg
American line. He offered the vessel to
the Government for $100,000. Later, the
vessel was sold at auction for $70,000
to onn of his friends His friend put on
repairs of $100,000 and sold it for $250,
000. It now Is in the Bermuda trade.
It was brought out at the hearlnc- that
Downey had conducted an extensive
propaganda against tho ship purchaoc
It was brought out that Downey's ef
fort to organize h's association was not
highly fruitful in members or money.
In all, he sent out T.noo circular letters.
Out of ono batch of 4.000 circular let
ters seeking contributions to apply on
memberships, he secured only eleen
members, who paid $10 each for annual
memberships. He said he had worked
on the movement clnce last July, ami
total receipts 10 that time had been
OF COST OF LIVING
Provides $6,000 to Probe Con-
ditions of Laborers Living in
I he Senate today adopted arr amend
ment to the Legislative, Executive and
Judicial ) prodding IG.nOO for nn in
vestigation by the Department of Labor
into the subject of the cost of living of
wage earner- in the District.
The Investigation Is expected to throw
valuable light on the subject of how
women and jrlrls employed in establish
ment "whore low wages are puld are.
en.CHc.l to Use, and may pave the way
to a minimum wage law.
The amendment, proposed by Senator i
Kenjon. has to go to conference, and
there Is not a certainty that It will
pass. Tho amendment provides tiiut
Government omployes shall be excluded
fiom tiie investigation
No Farm Census.
By G to I'.', the Senate today struck
from the bill the committee amend
ment for the proposed agricultural ccn-nui-.
The amendment carried a total of
J'.MSO.H'i Senator Kenon led the fight
against It on the ground that it pro
posed a needless duplication of work,
and amounted to a plan of some of the
Demociats to get census Jobs for politi
Senator Mat tin offered an amendment,
based on a letter from tho Secretary
of the Treasury, cutting from JL'.tSOO.ono,
to :'.200.00"', the appropriation for reve
nue agents and gaugers.
Tho Senate adopted an amendment
proposeil by Senator Stone, chairman
of the Foreign Relations Committee, In
creasing from $30,000 to $75,000, an Item
for emergency clerical service to be
expended by the Secretary of State.
Western Kentucky Gets
Ready for Race War
LEXINGTON. Ky.. Feb. 20. Whit
and colored men In western Kentucky
are arming' for a race war In conse
quence of notices which have been
posted by "Night Riders," ordering all
negroes to leave the State, taking their
families with them.
Mniiy special deputy sheriffs were
sworn in today and armed for actual
During the last few days fifteen white
men wore arrested accused of being
n, embers of tho "Night Riding" hands,
but the warnings and the violence con
tinued unabated. Many houses were
burned or rld'"ed with bullets.
House Asks Data About
Texas Customs Officer
The House today passed unanimously
a resolution offered by Congressman
John Garner of Texas asking the Treas
ury Department to forward to Congress
"Information with reference to tho con
duct of the collector of customs of the
Laredo, Tex., district, as shown by re
ports and papers received at the depart
ment since January 1, 1014."
The Garner resolution also asks how
many days the collector of customs for
that district has been absent from duty.
Mr. Garner today asserted that he had
boon Informed that the collector hasj
been "meddling In the ana Irs of trou
bled Metlco, and that he Is frequently
absent from his post
WRECKED BY MINE
IN THE NORTH SEA
Bjorke Founders, But Crew Is Rescued
Second Neutral Vessel By Explosive
In North Sea Since German
War Zone Began.
U. S. WONT ACCEPT DISCLAIMER
Determined to Hold Berlin Responsible if
Americans Suffer in War Zone
Officials Are Anxiously Await
COPENHAGEN, Feb. 20. I he Norwegian steam
ship Bjorke struck a mine in the North Sea today, while
bound from Leith to Narstow with a cargo of coal, and
foundered. The crew was saved.
The steamer was coal laden and was en route from
Leith when she sank. There is no doubt that the mine she
struck was planted by the Germans, as it was on the direct
route taken by the steamers running between Scandinavian
and British ports. It is expected that a vigorous protest
will be made by the Norwegian government.
The crew were rescued by a trawler and safely land
ed. They report that the collier -was almost torn into pieces,
so powerful was the force of the explosion.
This was the second Norwegian vessel to sink in the
North Sea in twenty-four hours, the small steamer Nordkyn
having sunk off Bornholm island while en route to Copen
hagen, while the Belridge was damaged by a German tor
pedo in the Straits of Dover.
With Passenger Traffic
Halted, Britain Awaits
News of Fleet Disasters
LONDON. Feb. CO. With passenger
traffic to the continent halted, England
waited today for news of the torpedo
ing of others of her merchant fleet. It
Is known that the Kngllsh Channel is
being patrolled by several of tho Ger
man under-seas craft, but owing to tho
censorship details of the number and
the points where thoy have been sighted
Since the torpedoing of tho Uclrldgc
and the Dinorah the only additional
casualty reported' Is the loss of the
Norwegian steamer Nordkyn, sunk by
striking a mine near Bornholm Island.
She was a small Bteamer, and her loss
is declared not to be attributable to the
It is considered certain the Norwegian
government will make strong represen
tations regarding the torpedoing of the
Uclrldge. Reports reaching here indi
cate that the Scandinavian countries
will act In concert, and It Is expected
that they will beeli the co-operation-of
tho United States. No attempt Is made
to disguise the seriousness of the situ
ation frqm the standpoint of the nou
trals. Germany not only has refused to
recede from her announced position but
all of her experts declare that the neu
trals have only themselves to blame
If they do not keep their merchantmen
out of the prohibited zone.
Ilrittsh naval officers now In London
believe that Germany has from fifteen
to twenty submarines turning on me
Kngllsh 'coast. None has attempted,
however, to attack English warships.
While the admiralty has announced
that the Norwcgaln steamer Belridge.
which was crippled off Dover early yes
terday, was torpedoea, mere is un in
clinatlon among naval experts to await
an official examination of tho vessel
wciutu uv,...,. v...- Mv-.v......v. -..-,
oeiieve mat a lurpeuo sinning tne xci- .
ridge would have sunk instead or crip
pled her, and generally accept the first
reports that she nit a mine.
The Belridge Is now on her way to
London, having left Walmer this morn
ing In tow.
None of the crew of the Belridge was
lost. Preparations were made to launch
her boats after she was crippled, but
this was found unnecessary
Combing the Channel.
It is reported that a fleet of six Brit
ish and four French submarines are
combine the English channel In search
of the German submarine U-16. If they
conic upon her tho first under-water
battle in the history of the world .will
Humors are current here that the U-lti
had succeeded In cutting the lines of
the French I'able Company between
Brest and the United Stales gained In
strength toda as a result of tho fact
that all messages from Paris to
Ameilea are now transmitted by way of
England. Formerly they were sent di
rect from Brest.
Imported La Carolina Chcruloa, I do.
All U irairsni X ce.tlliit HtMM.-A4vt.
U. S. Will Not Recede
From Positions Taken
In Note to Germany
rules, there is a change in the opin on
now prevailing in the President's Cabi
net there will be nothing more .,ent to
Germany regarding her repl to the var
zone protest than a mote acknowledg
ment of its receipt.
Standing firmly by the assertion of tin
rights as n neutral power, as already
made plain to Germany, r"ic Fnlted
States will, it is stated by h's Ad
ministration officials, merely uwait de
velopments. To' do otherwise, state
these officials, and to attempt to dis
cuss the reasons which Germanv has
given for her action, would be to con
cede these reasons to be plausible -a
thing which the United States most
Iiositlvely will not concede.
U. S. Will Not Recede.
The United States, declared one of
ficial today, stands by its assertion
of certain rights under international
law. This international law was fram
ed by the Society of Nations to protect
that society. Necessarily It must bear
neavny upon individual nations. It
Germany charges that England has vio
lated the aw of nations, and England
replies In kind, it Is a matter In which
the United htatcs is not Interested. It
Is a matter between those two nations,
hut the United States as a member
of the community of nations has a right
to the protection Intended to be af
forded to all neutral nations in 'time ot
war. Including the precept that beh.
Ilgerents may not sink or destroy neu-
tral vessels and are obligated to exer
cise the duty of visit and search t
establish the identity of vessels.
cRplies Being Translated.
"I havt," said Secretary Bryan. "thre
Important announcements to make. Tha
Hrltish repiy to tj,c American fla note
iihs oecn received; tne British reply to
the Wilhelmlna note has been received!
; the German reply to the war zone nnia
nas uecn receive!.
ah tnre notes arm
now being, deciphered."
Further than that he refused to go.
Reminded of the fact that 90.00O.C0O peo
ple In the United States felt themselves
to be entitled to the facts concerning
the situation, and not to conjectures,
the becictary sharply asserted, with
some show of resret, that under exist
lug laws newspapers could not bo pre
vented from indulging in speculation
when facts were refused. Other mem
bers of the Cabinet took the same view,
home of them plainly Indicated by their
manner that the situation waa fraught:
with so many grave possibilities that
public comment by officials would b
Count von Bernstorff, the German am
bassador, paid an early and brief call
on secretary Bryan. Concerning tint
purpose of this Interview neither the
Secretary nor tho ambassador would
talk. The latter, however, assented for
tho benefit of tin. newspapermen that
Germany was still firmly of the opinion
that alio could not bo held rcsponrible
should any harm come to American ves.
fcels through the operation of her war
Mr stated that Gorman, at the outset
n ftlie war. has accepted tho suggestion
of the United Slates that the dcclara
tiun of London should be made the codt