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THE WASHINGTON TIMES: MONDAY; . FEBRVAltY 22 iSfe.
PUBLISHED EVERT EVENING
By The Washington Times Company,
THE MUNBEY BtTIDINC. Pnn. ve.
FRA&K A. MUNSEY, President.
S. H. TITHERINGTON, Secretary.
G. H. POPE, Treasurer.
On Tear (Including Sunday). W..
Mx Months. II.TS. Three Monthi, We.
Entered at the postoftlce at Washington.
t. C, ai second cls mall 'matter.
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1915.
THE STATE SOCIETIES
State societies in Washington rise
and fall with the political tide. They
are the politTcal barometers of the
National Capital. During the Ad
ministration of President Taft the
Ohio Society flourished, and its ban
quets marked the gathering of. the
political solons. Today it is the
Southern Society, which claims Pres
ident Wilson for its own. The South
ern Society will achieve its perihelion
on FebruaVy 27, when it will have
the most pretentious dinner it yet
has attempted, and will gather
around its banquet board the most
distinguished officials of the Capital,
who, just now, come in large num
bers from the South.
Meanwhile it is not too eariy for
other State societies to keep a
weather eye on 1916, and already
they are scanning the political skies
in r,nxious hope that their star is to
be in the ascendancy next.
CAMPAIGN OF M. A. C.
Washington takes less interest in
Maryland Agricultural College than
that institution, only three miles be
yond the District border, deserves.
Optimistic plans for the future of
the college were made, and its cred
itable history reviewed, at a banquet
Saturday night at the New Ebbitt.
The school at College Park Makes
rank well up among other State col
leges, and its graduates have achiev
ed distinction at graduate schools,
and in many technical and profes
sional fields. Perhaps the name .of
the Maryland school has been unfor
tunate. Though an agricultural
course is offered, the majority of the
students always have been in the
academic and technical courses?
Ninety per cent of the college's
pupils, its last annual report shows;
are from Maryland. It is a more dis
tinctively State institution than any
other college in Maryland. John3
Hopkins has only 20 per cent of stu
dents from Maryland. But this is no
reason why Washington youths
should not consider the nearby
school when choosing a college, es
pecially when such technical and
scientific work is wanted as that
offered at M. A. C. Many Washing
ton boys go much farther from home
and fare no better.
Added to the curriculum at M. A.
'C. is the military feature, common to
all State colleges, and that depart
ment is a growing factor in the
work of these institutions. The mili
tary discipline and training afforded
at M. A. C. are conceded to be ev-
called only by that at West Point
With these excellent talking points
the small but active group of Wash
ington alumni of M. A. C. are striv
ing to bring their alma mater be
fore the Washington public. They
deserve the best support of educators
and parents of Washington.
Hunger, like water, will seek its
level. When we speak of the British
policy of starving Germany, we are
prne to think of Germany alone,
when Austria is no less concerned.
It is doubtful if the Berlin govern
ment would have ordered the expro
priation of foodstuffs when it did had
its apprehension not included the sit
uation in Austria-Hungary,which is
no less isolated than Germany, and
which has a far less efficient admin
istration for any purpose of war.
Food riots in Austria-Hungary are
of common report, but we do not
hear of them in Germany. Austria
Hungary possibly did not fill its lard
ers as Germany was able by scien
tific foresight to do. Germany might
go on fighting for six months, pos
sibly a year longer without feeling
the sharp pangs of hunger, while
Austria-Hungary already scents the
wolf at the door. Germany swept
up rich stores in Belgium and France
at the very beginning of the war,
and has left no bone unscraped in
the parts of Poland she has over
run, while Austria has lost both vast
stores and Galicia by her many re
verses earlier in the conflict
Just as Germany was compelled to
give military aid to Austria-Hungary
to prevent that empire's armies
from collapsing utterly, so must she
also give Austria-Hungary economic
assistance, to prevent a condition
which would compel the house of
Hapaburg tet the allies name any
terms they might. Germany must
see to it that not her own people
alone, but those of Austria-Hungary
also shall be fed. This will necessi
tate the withdrawal from Germany
if foodstuffs and tend to bring the
two empires nearer to an economical
level. But it may be taken for grant
ed that Germany will respond only
to the military necessities,.and that
it Will be required of Austria to sup
ply to the uttermost from her own
resources. In ie meantime, such
gates as are left open to the Teu
tonic allies from Italy, the Balkans,
Scandinavia, and Holland are un
doubtedly taking a heavy toll, for the
provisions from these sources are
not inconsiderable. '
LOSS OF THE EVELYN
Within perhaps twenty-four hours
of the opening of the Von Tirpitr.
program of ravage on the high seas
an American ship, the Evelyn, has
been destroyed, though fortunately
without loss of life. Yet, pending a
clear revelation of all the facts, it
will not be assumed, and it ought
not to be, that this precipitates a
crisis between Germany and tho
The Evelyn, according to reports,
was not torpedoed by a submarine.
If she had been,c,either deliberately
or accidentally granted that she
waB not resisting search or fleeing
when summoned to submit to a visit
ing party it would be for the Wash
ington Administration to take not
only immediate but forceful act'en.
But it appears that the Evelyn
came into contact with a mine, as
any other ship might have dones Fur
thermore, there is a chance that the
mine was out of its proper bearings.
Now it is an affront to civilisation
that 'mines have been so generally
Btrewn and so negligently safe
guarded that one might drift any
where on the wide ocean.
Nevertheless, if that particular
mine floated away from the anchor
age and destroyed an American ship
coursing those waters in full reliance
that they were safe, we mighty be
outraged beyond expressior, but we
should not be justified in raising the
issue of a ground for war.
If Von Tirpitz had never shocked
civilization with his proclamation,
the very thing which has befallen
the Evelyn might hae happened.
The technical defense against will
ful responsibility will be more easily
set up than broken down.
Nevertheless, the fate of the neu
tral Evelyn, destroyed on the open
sea by a Von Tirpitz mine, will ilraw
taut the nerves of the American peo
ple in their anticipation of the next
mishap or misdeed. It will sharpen
the senses and stiffen the purpose of
those in official charg-s of the wel
fare, the rights, and the honor of
It were better for he friendly re
lations still existing between this
Government and the military' ma
chine of the Kaiser, that this first
war zone tragedy of the American
ship Evelyn should be tho last.
RENO"4' COMING BACK "
Reno bids fair to "come back."
The Nevada legislature has passed
the easy divorce bill, reviving the
provision which makes only six
months' residence in the State neces
sary to break the tie thirt binds. The
governor hasn't signed the bill yet
and it is just possible that pilgrims
who start for that mecca now may
find that a year's residence is re
quired, as under the existing law,
but he who entertains such cruel
doubt certainly has it in for some
body. Thousands of women fought
the measure, and the governor may
hesitate to fly in the face of the
opinion they as well as other decent
opponents of the divorce mart have
created, not only in Nevada, but in
the nation as well. But the gover
nor may find it convenient to leave
me capita uiub giving tne lieuten
ant governor, who is said to favor
the bill, an opportunity to sign it.
Then Reno will blossom again, and
fatten, upon the immoral spoils that
accrue from as unhebmly a market
as ever was devised. Tfye country
would be better off' if such a Reno
never should be on the map again.
PRICE OF BREAlT-AT
There is a touch of humor in the
announcement from Panama that the
Government commissariat there has
announced a reduction in the weight
of the official loaf of hiead, owing to
the high cost of Hour. The business
of .a government is pretty compli
cated and expansive, and perhaps en
tire consistency is hardly to be ex
pected as among the various activi
tics. Thus we note various states
men and administrative officials in
this country concerning themselves
prodigiously about the outrage that
the bakers are proposing to inflict,
and talking about what the Govern
ment can do to protect the people
who buy from private bakers; while
at Panama, where Uncle Sam is I he
baker, the price is calmly advnnced
because Uncle Sam is buying the
flour and has no disposition to lose
money on his business.
The Panama plan is to reduce the
weight of the loaf three ounces.
That applied to the average loaf in
Washington would be rather more of
a price-increase than a cent the loaf.
There's no use discussing it at Pan
amu. The people ntilled to the
privilege of buying from the tom
rriissariat will have to pay the new
price; or rather, to get the new and
It has been tho boast of the Gov
ernment managers of things on tho.
zone that people were fed thtre
cheaper than in tho States; and sta
tistics have, been from tinio to lime
produced which seemed to boar out
the claim. That, of course, gives the
Government commissary tho more
excuse for raising prices now. There
has been no effort tj make profits
out of the busine&s; at least, such
profits as would be necessary to keep
private business going.
In favor of, the Panama proclama
tion it 1b to be urged that the Gov
ernment loaf is as carefully btand
ardized as possible; overybody buy
ing it knowB what he is getting, and
.everybody gets the same. The de
crease of its weight is frankly an
nounced, so that the public cannot
complain that it is being taken un
awares. If the Government, conducting its
zone business as an altruistic affair
and seeking no profits, finds it neces
sary to reduce the loaf, there must
be Borne justification for the private
bakers, who like other people with
out the power to levy taxes feel un
der the necessity of earning a living
out of their business. The truth is
that when the price of wheat dou
bles the price of things made from
wheat has gotto go up, and dis
cussion of the subject which as
sumes any other view is futile. It
must not be allowed to go up unduly;
there must be, and-is, a willingness
among the bread makers to divide
their former profits with the public,
as everybody' in business nowadays
has to divide; but it is impossible
that the elemental economics of such
a situation as this can be ignored.
THE CRISIS AT HAND
r Germany's war zone proclamation
is in force, though it does not seem
to have been responsible for the loss
of the American ship Evelyn. Indeed,
the facts surrounding the case of the
Evelyn suggest that that affair is
really not the most important de
velopment since the broad plan of
relentless warfare with mines and
submarines was inaugurated.
Thus the Scandinavian countries,
which have been heavy losers by
mines, are reported planning to
adopt the scheme of naval convoys
which the United States Government
has viewed without favor. These
countries have no large naval estab
lishments, . so it is suggested that
they may convert commercial ships
into naval vessels, commission them
as such, and send them along as con
voys. The plan seems quite as feas
ible as using fighting ships, for there
is no idea in anybody's mind that
ships used for this purpose would be
expected to fight.
The Dutch are ready for every
eventuality, with eyes on the border
between themselves and Germany,
fearful that they will presently be
dragged into the war as a recruit to
the cause of the allies. Italy is in a
most uncomfortable frame of mind
as result of Austrian naval vessels
firing on Italian shipping. The whole
situation seems rapidly developing
toward a crisis in which the United
States may at last figure in a minor
role, with the European nations play
ing the leading parts.
Short of a general purpose of the
Germanic allies to start trouble in
all directions and on the biggest
possible scale, it is difficult to ac
count, especially, for the Austrian
aggressions, in Adriatic waters.
There will not be made more cases
of the sort without fixing the im
pression in the public mind that
Germany and Austria have reached
a stage of desperation in which they
want all the trouble they can get,
apparentlyatculating that the big
ger the ruction, the more nations
involved, the easier will it be for
them in the end to breed dissensions
among their enemies and escape
with the most favorable peace terms.
'Daughter" Would Chop
Down All Cherry Trees
WATERKORD. Conn . Feb. 22. The
Connecticut Daughters of the Revo
lution are planning to steal the
youthful George Washington "stuff"
and celebrate the birthday of the
"Father of His Countrj" by cutting
down cherry trees.
Cornelia Buxton Smith of Litchfield,
State chairwoman of the committee on
conservation, suggested the idea. In a
circular letter she set forth the prop
er manner in which to make the
Washington cherry tree episode even
mure famous. Let the men cut down
tho wild cherry trees, she urges, and
penult the children to burn 'em up.
Tho men will get good exercise and
the children will enjoy the bonfires.
Ami the breeding places of the ob
noxious tent caterpillars will be wiped
"May this be so general a thing
thioughout our State," the circular
letter ends, "that when asked, "Who
cut down the chorrj tree?' thero shall
rise from evtrj farm and toadside a
gieat shout, 'I did!'"
Sues Three Railroads
ATLANTA, Ga , Feb. 22 -Assertlnc
that she had been caused "gre.it mental
suffeililc und shock," Miss Ueneieo
Lohne, i pretty youiic: stenographer,
has entered hult against J. D. Pattei
son, superintendent of tho Atlantic
Joint Terminals. .ind his employers, tho
Louisille und Nashille, the Atlantic
Coast Hue, and the Atlantic and West
Point railways, alleging that Patteison
"foulblv and against liei will" did kiss
her on the left hand
News Items and Notes
of Club Activities
Tho William F. Hunt Chapter. No. 16,
held a Valentino social after tho last
business meeting. About 600 valentines
were, sold to tho mambeis and their
friends, tho price being the amount of
postage on each package. On February
25 Hunt Chapter will entertain tho
Brand oftlcers of tho order. Degree
work will bo shown and a short pro
The Columbia Heights Ait Club met
Thursday with Mrs. M. A. Winter.
Mrs. Edward Hardy won chairman for
Uie day. Miss Clara Dorrls read a pa
per prepared by Mrs. JolTn N. DoitIb
on tho "Erie Canal." Owing to tho Ill
ness of Miss Hill, Mrs. James F. Kngle
gave In her stead an outllno of tho
"Missouri Compromise. Mrs. William
C. Foote read a paper on "Dolly Madi
son." Dolly Madison's old home, now
tho Cosmos Club, was' known as tho
"little Whlto House." There Dolly
Madison ruled when no longer mistress
of 'the Whlto House as a dowager- "first
lady of tho land."
Those responding to the roll-call were
Mrs. Robert Bare, Mrs. Edward Cle
ment, Mrs. John "Dorrls, Mrs. J. Finney
Kngle, Mis. Edward Hardy, Mrs. Augus
tus Knight, Mrs. James McKco, Mrs.
John H. Stokes, Mrs. William Turpln,
Miss Elizabeth Warman, Mrs. . a.
Winter. Mrs. Sarah Wolhaupter, and
Mrs. James Yeomans Refreshments
were served by tho-hostess, assisted by
her daughter. The guests were Mrs. IS.
S. Fuller. Miss Clara Dorrls, and Mrs.
The United Daughters of tho Confed
eracy are to be In charge of a dance
at tho Knlclgh on Thursday evening
for tho benefit of the Confederate Me
morial Home. Among those on the
committee ire Mrs. Ernest K. Sasscer,
Mrs. Arthur Haughton. and tho Misses
Hattle Howie, Mav Little, Lucy Norton,
Carollno Flanner. Dorothy Denham,
Helen Klnimol, Josephine Jones, Eliza
beth Cullen. and Eleanor Teag'le.
The District of Columbia Branch of
tho National Congress of Mothers held
a meeting nt the Raleigh Inst Tuesday.
In the routine of business tho commit
ter gave reports, the most Important of
which was that of the rdi-catlonal com
mittee dealing with the phuscs of voli
tional training In tho grades, given by
Mrs. Anna B. Sloan.
A resolution was unnnlmously parsed
prodding that tho congress should hold
a state convention In the spring and the
dcte. place, and othei arrangements
planned by the executive board
Delegates from the parent teacher as
sociations reMrted great activity In
tl'etr organizations Mn. Iinyles, of
Corbet y, revolted on a new plan for
securing ertaln literature that the
children want. Mrs. Burnside told of
the progress made In hchool gardens
and the postal savings plan In Brook
land, and Momoe school sent In a le
lort of completed arrangement for the
diet school for motheis. Tho courso of
twelvo lectures will begin vvcunestiay at
8 p m. at tho Wilson Noimnl School
nnd Is to continue .on huccccdtng
Wedncsdas until tho course Is com
rounders' Day. which occurred on the
da after the meeting, was ommcm
morated by an address b Mrs. A. A.
Blrnev. secretary of tho National Con
gress' of Mothers, former president of
the District branch nnd one of the
members of the original board The
speaker gave anecdote" of the earlv his
torv of tho organization, told of the
mother thought that prompted Mrs
Theodore Blrnev to call the mothers of
the country together in ISM nnd empha
sized the Interest of r.Ms. l'hoebe
SETON IS DEPRIVED
DF CHIEF uCDUTIP
National Council's Action Caus
ed by His Failure to Become
Ernest Thompson Seton, active In the
oiganizatlon of the Boy Scouts of
America, no longer holds the office of
chief Bcout which he filled for live
years, the national council having voted
to leae that position vacant during
Mr. Sc ton's absence in England.
The fact that Mr. Seton took out his
first naturalization papers fourteen
jcars ago but has never applied for his
second pnpris and become an American
clt'zen, was laigrly responsible for this
action, and it is probable that tho office
of chlet scout will neer be revived
The action was taken at the nnnu tl
inciting of the national council In this
city February II, but It was kept a
secret until today.
Still .Member of Council.
It was muted at the council before
the question was put to a vote that
Mr. Seton had 'been consulted regarding
bis position and hud agreed that it
bhoilld remain vacant while he was
abroad. He. is still a member of the
nutlonul council, a body comprising
about 10) men. Neither his member
ship In that body nor his office as
chief scout carried uny salary.
As patriotism Is ono of the cnrdinal
virtues uf tho Boy Scout, there has
nlwa.s been a degree of feeling against
Mr. Seton because he did not become
naturalized. Ho sailed for Euglnnd on
tho Lualtimia eai ly this month Whether
he intends to take up arms In the pres
ent war has not been learned.
Organized In U. S. In 1910.
Before he allied him.self with the Boy
Scouts Mr. .seton controlled an oigani
zatlon culled Woodcraft Indians. The
Boy boouth wore oiganUed in 1903, two
ygais before Gen Sir Badon-Powoll or
ganized in England his Boy Scouts, but
tho American organization did not be
come a national institution until 1910.
It wau In that year that Mr. Seton be
came allied with It.
He was an expert on the prlmitUo
methods of the Indians. Ho could start
a fire 'lth a piece of wood and a bow;
he kiieu simple methods of fnshlnnlntr
gourds, weapons, bed from articles
likely to ie at hand in anj forest.
Insane Man, 70, and Worth
$150,000, Made 30 Wills
WHITE PLAINS, N.V., Feb. 22 -Wilbur
II. Klrkham, seventy sears old. who
owns pioperty woith $150,000 In New
York and Westchester county, was de
clared Insane by a sheriff's )ury.
A phjslclnn tentlfled that Ml. Klrk
luini's brain waB affected so much that
lie had only tho mental 1 1 of a boy flwi
years old. and did not know that he
owned much propfrl. It Is said thut
he has been making two wills a year for
the last fifteen year.
Hearst, who financed the llrst three
Dr. F. A. McKcnzle, president of Flsk
University, who has recently made a
survey or the recreations of Washing
ton, gave a. talk on recreations and so
cial centers. He declared that Wash
ington Is suffering from "play starva
tion," and quoted figures to prove his
points. One afternoon in 'wo hours
16,000 children were under observation.
Of that numbor, 58 per cent of the boys
wcro violating tho law by playing ball
and other games In the streets and
alleys and 80 per cent of tho girls wcro
playing In the streets From other ob
servations, Di. McKenzle estimated
that, owing to conditions In certain
parts of the city, Washington has about
a thousand unnecessary deaths each
year, since under Improved living con
ditions they would not bo likely to
occur. Tho great need of Dronerly con
structed and conducted dance halls was
also emphasized. Following his taut,
stercoptlcon views of recreational work
in a number of cities were shown.
Last Monday evening the Anthony
League held a birthday celebration In
honor of Susan B. Anthony at the home
of Mrs Nanette' B. Paul. Informal
talks and music made up the program,
Amonir those nrescnt were Dr. and Mrs
Perkins, who have recently joined the
league. Mrs. PerklnB will act as chair
man of the committee Working with the
Congress of Mothers.
Mrs. A. E. Hendlcy is giving a course
of talks on the life of Miss Anthony at
the league's "at homes" on Tuesdays,
beginning at 3:30 in apartment jio. tne
Last Tucsrtay afternoon a vuie
of thanks was tendered Mrs. K. Dtinlop
for her management of a table at the
District Federation of Women's Clubs
The first of Mrs. Edith Townc's lec
tures to the class In parliamentary law
waB given last Tuesday at the residence
of Mrs Nanette B Paul, where tho
class will meet every Tuesday at 8.
This courso will be followed by one on
tho principles of common law. conducted
by Mrs. Paul, who Is the author of a
law text book. "Tho Heart of Black
The classes In Spanish and 'Esperanto
continue to meet at tho Portner and
In French at the Princeton Tuesday
nights The Bible Study class Is con
ducted bv Mrs. Paul, who Is assisted
bv Mme. Mountford.
The Coluuibla Historical Society held'
a meeting hift Monday evening. I no
principal business was tho presentation
of a paper by MlssMargaretUrent Down
ing on "Literary Landmarks of the
Capital " She described the home of
William Wirt, of Thomns Law. who
wrote a num'ier of books on banking;
of Joel Bnrlow, author of tho "Colum
blad." nnd mentioned the houses where
Washington Irlng was entertained In
this cltv. In 1SC7. when he- visited
Philip Van Ness at 1202 D street, until
l3, when he IhHci the Kcnnels She
quoted IJlckens' desrlptlon of the old
Wlllnrd Hotel, and Thackeray's iccount
of his entertainment bv President Fill
more. The former homes of M"tloJ'.
Bret Harte. Edgar Allan Poe, Mark
Twain, Preicott, and John Hny were
also located The old garden of the
DoIIv Madison House, where Owen
Meredith wrote "Lucille," and tho man
sion Itself, whero Ird Bulwer LVttOn
wrote the "Memoirs of Lord Palmer
ston " was noted. A survey of the
writers now lllng In the citv was also
glen Kl the conclusion of Mrs. Dovvn
IngV piper, the members of the society
accori her a rlsltij; vote of thanks
for her essa.
The society publishes the papers read
nt the monthly meetings, and the article
will appear In this form In duo time.
Reentcen volumes of historical data
concerning the Capital" have already
Edited By ARTHUR BAER.
What makes George's feat all the
more spectacular was that there were
no dictographs In thoso days.
Looks as If Italy was ready to hop
Into the fray. Putting periscopes on all
Like to sec George again try to toss
that dollar across the Potomac Be a
lot of people killed In the rush.
Famine stares us In the face. Bread?
Nope. Beefsteaks? Nope. Gonna raise
tho price of baseball games
If an American ship Is msterIously
sunk In the English channel, tho Dis
trict Commissioners .are getting pre
pared to enjoy the blame.
"War ain't no
romance. Even a
hero can't strug
with a gun that's
Canary bird still supreme on Its
pedestal Even T. Edison can't make
the graphaphone sao the family by
singing furiously when flames Invade
the old homstead.
Moonshiners discovered in old Vir
ginia. Get hiluilously exhilarated by
mixing water with some real flour.
Can't face how Secretary Garrison is
going to save the Capital from inva
sion this summer. Even a slxteon-inch
gan at Cape Henry won't shoot a cater
pillar off a tree In Potomac Park.
Might mako the next session of Con
gress more successful by painting the
word "E-lt" larger over each door.
Almost spring. Will soon be time for
the dried apple blossoms and the con
densed milk moo cow to cavort around
In the antiseptic nlr.
First Militia Company
Of Marines Is Organized
The Nav v Department has been ad
vised of the organization in Massachu
setts of tho first militia company of
marines under the provisions o the new
navul militia aclwhlih elves such com
panies an allotment of Government
fundH and places them under tho juilsdlc.
tlon of the Secretary of tho Navj In the
same manner as aro tho naval militia
Companies also arc beiiiR organized in
New York and California.
I A MLm?7)
(For Today and Tomorrow.)
Meeting of fraternal, social, and other
ori-Hnliatlons of (he Nation's Capital,
toKether with a brief tabulation of tlie
mwit Important events scheduled for
today and tomorrow, and attractions at
tho various playhouses. By reference
to this column tho reader may find at
a glance the time and place of happen
ing In Washington- today and tomor
row. Tho Hunday Issue of The Times
presents a program of events for the
Washington Birthday celebrations l'drlsh
Hall of Trinity Episcopal Church, under
aushlces of Takoma Park Cltlxenn' Asso
ciation, 8 p m.; Daughters of America, alt
Pennsylvania avenue southeast. S p. m.',
New Masonic Temple, 2 SO p. in.
Capitol Hill Literary Hortety. 21 l'lrst
street northeast. Up. m.; Daughters of the
American Devolution and Kons of the Am
erican Revolution, and Sons of the Heolu
tloa. Memorial Continental Hall. 10:30 a. m.;
Association of Oldest Inhabitants. Nine
teenth and H streets northwest. 11 a, m :
Lincoln Camp, No 2, Bonn of Veterans. 1101
K street northwest. 8 p m '. Women's
Peace (Society, New Masonic Temple, J. 30
Meeting, Friends of Humanity, Chamber or
Commerce, 8 p. m.
Banquet. VaWhn Class of Calvary Uaptlst
Church, In church, 7 p. m
Annual dinner. North Dakota Assiclalloii,
New Ebbitt, 7 pm.
Reception. Aid Association for the Blind and
Sunshine and Community Society, 3400 R
street northwest, 3 to J p m.
Peace Meeting, EHends' House, 1811 I street
Banquet, Monday Evening Club, Ruuscher's,
7 p. m.
Entertainment, Young Women's Hebrew As
sociation, Elks' Club, 8 p. in.
Election of Officers, District Chapter of -Society
of Sons of tho American Revolution,
Itauscher'a, 3 p. m.
George Washington dance, Slioreham, 8 p.
Lecture, "Twilight Sleep." l)r Henry Mc
ttrldfl, St. John's Episcopal Church, undrr
uuiplces of National Hoclety of Keep
Wells. 7 30 -p m.
Midwinter convocation. George Washington
I'nlverslty, Assembly Hun, Arts and
Sciences lluJldlng. .'023 O street northwest,
U a. m.
Meeting. Descendants of the signers of the
.Declaration of Independence. Raleigh, .1
"University Day," celebration. University of
J'ennsilvdnla graduates, University Club,
S p. ni
Reception, Uaptlst Home, 3248 N street noi th
west, 2 to 6 pm.
Meeting. Southern suffragists 1600 Rhode
Island avenue northwest, 10 30 a. ni
Washington lllrtljday dance In costume. As
cension Athletic Association, small ball
room. The Arcade. 3 i m '
Memorial mass, Knights of Columbus, Holy
Comforter rnurch. 10 a. in.
Continental night program, Arcade audi
torium, S p. m.
Installation of ofOccrs, den William F.
Harry Garrison. No 26, Army and Navy
Union. 1347 Pennsylvania avenue northwest,
8 p. m
Masonic Dawson. No 16, BtaJishury, No. 24
Oeorre C Whiting. No 22. I'entalpha, No.
23, Mount Vernon. No 3, Hiram. No. 10.
Anacostla, No. 12, Itojal Arrh Masons:
KalllpolU Grotto, ceremonial; Hoard 6f Di
rectors. Masonic and Eastern Star Home.
Temple. Nu 13.. Columbia. No. 15. Kamtrn
Odd Fellows Union. No. II. Beacon. No 14,
Langdon No 26. Esther. No S. Hcb.kalis
KnlghtH of Pjthlas Calanthe, No 11. Equal,
National Union Federal Council: lcout
Council. Northeast Washington Council.
Illustrated lecture. "The American Klnjr. Its
origin History, and Development," j'rof
.Tohti Tnrliert. In All Souls" Chun h. S I), m.
Annual meeting, fcns of thw American Revo
lution Rauscher's. 12 30 p m.
Washington lllrthdav entertainment, wlih 11
lustrutfd lecture. b Dr. I R I3aumi;ardt
on "The latest Achievement In Celestial
Photography," a 30 p in
Reception College VA omen's Club, banquet
hall. RalelKli. 4 to 6 p rn
Dance. Crescent Club, ball room. Rulelgh.
S 30 p. m.
National "The Girl l'rom Utah," 2 15 and
8 15 p m
Helasco "A Pair of SUcs," 2 20 and S 20
Columbia "Our Navy In 1515," motion pic
ture. -' 15 and R 15 p. in.
Poll's 'The Hlg Idea." 2 15 and 8 15 p. hi
R K. Keith's vaudeville. ."15 and 3 15 p m
Cosmos Vaudeville (continuous).
Caidno Vaudeville (continuous)
Oavety Burlesque. 2 16 and 8.15 p m
Maleatle Burlesque, 8 15 p. m.
CrandalPs Photoplajs, 11 a. m. to 11 p r-i
Strand Photoplay. It a. m. to 11 p. In.
Garden-Photoplays, 10 a. m to 11 p, m.
Arcade Dancing, 8 p in to 12 p. m.
Ardmore Club Cortez vs 1-angdon, 2pm
Federal, No 1. Acacia. No 16 Takoma No
2) Mount Horeb. No. 7. Potomac No S.
Royal Arch Masons. De Molay Mounted,
No 4. Knights Templar. Electa, No 2,
Bethlehem. No 7, Friendship, No. 17, East.
Odd Fellows Washington. No 6, Golden
Rule. No 21 Amltl. No J7, Fred D.
Rtuart, No 7 Encampment
Knlirhts of l' thias Grand ldge. annual
convention. Webster. No. 7, Hennolne, No
12, Bcellpr, No. 14, Capital, No J4, Mir-
Woodnien of' the World-Old Glory Camp,
Specialist Florida Home Builders' Associa
tion. Workmen's Circle
Meeting, general arrangements committee for
O A. R. encampment, red room, New
Wlllard. 11 a. m
Conference, National Forward-to-the-I.and
league, offices of Department of JAbor,
Meeting. 'Sai-hlngton Council. Knights of
Columbus K of C Hall. S p m.
Violin recital Haron fiokolove. New Masonic
Temple. 4 TO p m.
Banquet. Engineering Socletv of Georgs
Washington University. Hotel Continental,
7 30 p. 111.
Meeting, campaign leaders of Y W. C. A .
In association headquarters, 4 30 p in
Meeting, North Capitol and Eeklngton Cltl
lens' Association, lecture hall of Scklnirnn
I'resbv tertnn Church. North Capitol street
and Florida avenue northwest 7 30 p in.
Meeting, suffrage committee of Chamber of
Commerce. In headquarters, 2pm
!ntcn address "Should the Progress of tho
Kingdom of God Be IJnger Retarted bv u
Divided Kingdom'" the Rev A. B Kln
eolvlng, St. John's Church, Sixteenth nnd
H streets northwest 7 30 p m
Meeting, Thomas Jefferson Council. No 12
jr O U A. M Northeast Masonic Tom
pie, Eighth and F streets northeast ' i m
Vnnuftt public debate, freshman class of
Washington College of Iji. fits New 1 ork
avenue northwest. 8pm
Meeting, Parents' league or the Thlrd.Dl
llon of Schools In J Onnond Wfls n
Normal Sthool, Eleventh and Harv ird
streets northwest, S p m
beeture, MIks Janet ItlchardH, auditorium of
Woodward & Ixithrop's, 11 a in.
Lecture "The hpanlah Colonial Empire,"
Mli-a Erna Mary Ferguson under ausnliesi
of Spanish School of Washington. In Hchool,
R p in
Benefit concert and dance. Casualty Hospital
Rauscher's to 12 ! in.
Meeting Columbia Chapter. D A. R . studv
room. Public Library, S p rn
Meeting. Teachers' Club, studv room, Public,
Bring in 24 New Members
Teams in the membership campaign
of the Young Women's Christian As
sociation reported today a total of
tvverttv-four brought In since the last
icport was made Of this number the
"Aeroplanes" secured twenty and tho
With .the second and final week of the.
campaign wen unuer way, tno meinners
are working enthuslastlcullv to havo
the greatest possible number of new
members Initiated before Saturday oven
pg A supper is to be given for tho
workers at that time.
This afternoon a jeceptlon will be held
bv the board of dlrcctorw. headed bj
the honorary president. Mrs. Thomas It.
Marshall nnd .Mrs William Hamilton
bavb, tho ptesldent.
Follow Inf Is the detailed scores legl
ttred todtiv: Automobiles. 4, Aeroplanes,
Division . Miss Susan R. Cutis, com
modore. 11, tllVISton li. flirw. i uiiiiiu
MacA Ulster, lommodore. r.. and Division
C. Miss Kstelle Tohtor. commodore, -1.
Fire in East St. Louis
Destroys Four Blocks
EAST ST. LOUIS. III., Feb. 22 -Fire
earlv today destroved ne-trly all the
buildings In the four city blocks which
meet at St. lyouis and Collinsvllle ave
nues, In the heart of the .business dis-
The loss was estimated at 1250,000.
THE-TMES MAIL BAG
Communications to the Mall Bag must be written on one aids of tha
paper only; must not exceed 200 words In length, and must bo signed with
name and address of the sender.". The publication of letters In Ths Timet
Mall Bag does not mean tho Indorsement by The Times of the opinions of
the writer. Tho Mall Bag is an open forum, where the citizens of Washing
ton may argue moot question!.
Denies He Is Candidate for Recorder
To tho Editor of TUB TIMES:
Thero appeared in tho dally press of
this city recently articles kIvIiik tho list
of persons who art said to bo candi
dates for tho position of recorder of
deeds for the District of Columbia, and
my name appeared In that list. I beu
permission to state to the man read
ers of your exiellent paper and ths
public generally that I urn not a can
didate ror the position of recorder of
deeds of the District of Columbia.
J. MU.TON WAL.DRON,
Washington, February iW.
Danish-American Has Four Honor
able Discharges from the Army.
To the Editor of THI3 TIMES:
In signing myself "Danish American"
I did not mean that It should bo takon
up In any other spirit than in which It
was Intended. As I cannot lay claim
to any Dutch, Irish, Turkish, Chinese,
or any other combination, I only stated
my truo identity, and for that purpose
I used the term. I do not claim it to
be any special mark of merit or dis
tinction, but neither do I feel any shame
nor degiadatlon that I was born a
Dane, flccause In using what Mr. K. M.
calls the umbllllcal hyphen he Is sure
that tho bearer cannot be a full-fledged
or, In other words, a good and true
I am willing to show him four pieces
of parchment, each an honorable dis
charge from tho United States army,
the last one from the Spanish war and
uubun campaign, i am still in the
Government service, but In a civil ca-,
k' vtA v nr t t,inb ,.. hi
Now. rrlend K M.. I think you will
agree that a person who gives fifteen
years of his life to the service and pro
tection of his country In war as in
peace, to do with as she wills, cannot
be such a bad American after all.
Washington, Feb. 20.
Asks Mothers of United States to
Aid German Children.
To tho Editor of TUB TIMES:
About three jears ago, when the sub
ject of warm lunches for our school
children was agitated by press of this
city, I cut from a Washington paper
a short article headed: "Go Supperlcss
to Heil." dated Berlin, November 13
Quotlnc from the Volkswohlapahrt, or
Public Weal Society. It said that an in
vestigation of 1S9 German towns re
vealed the fact that -.OOO children ha
bitually went breakfastless to school,
and 5 ner cent were sent to bed hungry.
Nlnetv-five thousand children had to
be fed by public assistance."
Without commenting on the causes
leading up to It, I want to ask now
manv moro children now orphaned are
subsisting on one meal a day7 This
starving of little children is something
the women, the mothers of civilized
nations, will not .stand for, and I am
wlllliiir to start the ball rolling by
donating 100 pounds of flour to the
school children of Germany.
How many more German-American
citizens will follow?
EMMA R. KEEI.ET.
Washington, D. C. Feb. 20. 1915.
Wants Firemen to Have More Time
To the Editor of THE TIMES.
Can am body give a reason why the
firemen of Washington are compelled to
labor under the conditions they now en
dure, when every other occupation la
bors only eight to ten hours per dav?
The Government is passing la.vvscom-
pelllng the eight-hour da for men and
women, why not a third day, or at least
u tourtn aay on, ror tne nremenv
Whv should members of a public de
partment like th file deportment, from
which prompt and heroic work is ex
pected, and alwavs rendered, be corn-
lulled to labor twenty-four hours out of
twenty -four for 3R5 dajs for 12 cents por
hour'' Can ou lmagtyie yourself con
fined under conditions next to prison
life, compelled to remain within hear
ing or tno gong'
Its no wonder that a fireman s con
stitution gives away at an early age,
the long and continuous hours taking
the last snnrK. of energ from the man
that was appointed In the prime ef life.
and selected rrom tne ver nower or
manhood, giving tho best days of hla
life to the public Bervicc, and receiving
v.ery little consideration in return. The
only time tnai tne nremen receive any
notice from tho public Is w hen they are
tailed to perform piompt and heroic
work On return to quarters they are
forgotten. P. F. LEAHY.
Washington, Feb. 20
The Segregation Question.
To the Editor of THE TIMES
From my observation or conditions In
Washington. I believe that the Bug-
Baumgardt Gives Talks
On Rome and Petrograd
The capitals of the ancient civiliza
tion and of the newest power In mod
ern civ lllzition Rome and Petrograd
weio the subject of the lectures given
yesterday afternoon and evening, re
spectively, by B. R. Baumgardt at tho
The stoiv of the Roman republic and
tho empire were told briefly as a pre
lude to the illustrated portion of the
lecture. As has been, the case with
all tho discourses of this platform ex
pert, the history given was interlarded
with anecdote and philosophy of an
Tho architecture and art of old Rome
wcro Intermingled with that of the
new as history of this qf that Impor
tant relic of antiquity was unfolded
and its relation to present-day civiliza
Moscow and the Russian people, as
well as Petiograd, vvero dealt with in
tho evening lecture In fact, tho lec
ture was largel.v a disquisition on the
Slav, with pictures and stoiies of the
two great capitals According to Mr.
Baumgardt, the power of tho Slav is
et to be felt b tho world at large,
hut the world Is not to bo kept long
waiting for It He regatds the Rus
sian at, a magnificent type of humanity,
and tho mission of tho Russian In tho
world to be a gictl one.
The little known achievements of
Russians in the arts and sciences were
dwelt upon briefly, und many examples
of painting JJid sculpture were shown.
The story of Petiogiad, with the neces
sary accompaniments of the stories of
Peter the Great and Catherine, nnd the
htorv of Moscow, witli its invariable
blhtoty of the Napoleonic disaster and
the reign of ivnn the Tcirlble, were
also told briellv. Motion pictures show
ing the hors-emanship of tho Cossacks
were shown at tho conclusion of tho
CapitoTTiUi Club to
Hold Exercises Tonight
The Capitol Hill Literary Club will
celebrate, Washington's birthday at a
meeting at 21 TliM stieet noitheast to
night' K V. t in r. vice president, will
speak on "Ann Hi an Heroes," and there
win be u musical progrua. o;
gestlon of "J.v N." to hav separate
residential districts for tho whtto and
colored races highly desirable.
In this corfneWon I would like to
Invite his attention to Alexandria
county, Just PrcK"th Potomac river
from Washington,, -Miere his Idea is
successfully carried7. Wit. While thero
la no law on"tno, t'sta'Pute' books segre
gating the races, thcc::l. an under
standing with proportjf owners and real
estate men that Iafid.Jnto-bei&ld and
houses rented to colored rpeoplrinsccr
u'n restricted sections. ,, ,,,IJU ,,.
This Is particularly true kV".Wk'A
don, where there Is not a colorea'Tam
11 y within a radius of more than W
mile from the election station and post
office. The result Is that, even though
we have not as yet an organized police
rorco, there Is very little disorder. The
cur from Washington, via Queen City,
arriving at Clarendon at about 7 a. m..
has been named the "Cooks' Tourist
it is true mat hair, or possibly a
majority, of our citizens are Vligln
lana born, though we have a large cos
mopolitan population Connecticut lives
next door to Georgia, Maryland is a
neighbor to Canada, and Texas llvci
Just around the corner from Fennsv I
"'a. W. W. M.
Clarendon, Va., February 19.
Sees Little Hope For U. S If Songs
Are T6 Make the Country Strong
er. To the Editor of THE TIMES:
Some one said that if you would dis
close tip songs of a people he would
tell yoii that people's character.
I have Just received a brief list of
'sensational successes now being danced
and sung Everywhere" ( n the u. i S A.)
comprising "He's a Rag Picker," "Ballln
the ja,k.'. -At th. nn Thni'. All " "For
the Jack," "At the Ball That's All." "For
Every Smile You Gave. Me, You Caused
a Thousand Tears.' "I've Only One Idea
About the Girls and that to Love
'Em," "When the Grown-up Ladles Act
Like Babies Ive Got To Love 'Em That's
All," "It's Too Late Now," and "China
town, My Chinatown.'
Do you wonder why the average youth
and his companion is a bit eccentric as
to duty, honesty, morality, and a few
other things when this Is their musical
education? Can you be surprised when
the Old World people sneer at "Ameri
cans' after reading translations of such
"popular American songs?" The INt
given Is no worse than a local store ad
vertised In a local poper recently, so It
Is not an exception.
I wonder how many of tho singers or
such stuff can repeat one verse of
"Home, Sweet Home," and a few others
upon which the men, that made the U
S A. a stalwart nation, were fed In the
past fow generations I also wonder how
much morals children have after pass
ing through such a collection, and wheth
er like another "popular" song they will
later look back, and say, "You dragged
me down, down, down"
The dealer who pent me the list need
not fear that I will overwhelm him with
orders. W. E. ALLEN
Washington, February 13.
Wants "Jim Crow" Law All 0er
the United States.
To the Editor of THE TIMES-
I read with Interest the article written
by "J. F. N." to The Times Mail Bac,
In which he wishes to Isolate the col
ored populat'on from the white in
Washington, and then does not advo
cate the passing of the "Jim crow" law
in the Dibtrlct of Columbia.
I agree with him entirely on the segre
gation law. but disagree as regards the
"Jim crow" law.
The colored race Is no longer "looked
down" on, and by passing this "Jim
crow" law and giving them xs good
cars and service as Is given the wh'te
people, It will then give that race the
opportunity to develop more raci tl pride
Some people think it is a dl&grace to
be colored, and think the passing of
this "Jim crow" law would mean a
downward trend of this race. This Is
no longer the thought of an educated
person, and if tho colored people would
not think so much of trlng to be equal
with the white people and would try to
develop their race to such an extent as
to make them recognized bv thclt prida
and habits: then the colored people
should pull for this law, and, after
passing It, try to be rivals and not
equals of the white race.
I have talked with several well-educated
colored men on this question, and
was surprised to find that they agreed
entirely with me. and a few of them
went to such an extent as wanting a
separate part of the United States as
their home, as was given the Indians.
I and every other person, whether
white or black, provided they have
enough pride, should pnil for this "Jim
crow" law, not only In the District of
Columbia, but all over tho United
States. W. W. J.
i Glen Ferris, W. Va , February 20.
By Pre-Medical Class
Members of tho pre-medical class of
Gccrge Washington University are pre
paring for an entertainment during the
second week of March In the aasemblv
hall of tho Arts and Sciences building,
2023 G stre-n northwest.
R, L. Balic , president of the cla.ss,
is in charge of plans ror tho event. In
vitcttons will be extended to a numbrr
of the members of the faculty to attend
One of the objects of the entertainment
Is to arouse greater Interest among the
students In class and college activities.
G. W. U. Girls' Glee Club
Will Stage Operetta
Plans for tho staging of an opeiettn
during tho latter part of April are bcintr '
prepared by the Girls' Glee Club of
George Washington Unlversltj.
The membership of the, club lb in
ci easing rapidly, the latest additions to
the i oil bilng Ella Gardner, Helen
Hotchklss, and Theodosla Heibold
Weekl rehearsals are held, and ther
will bo Increased In numbet as the date
for the operetta draws near.
Cincinnati as Village
CINCINNATI. Ohio, Feb. 22. Mrt
Elizabeth Hall De Camp, who remeitv
bem Cincinnati's town pump, col
bratcd her 100th birthday today. Sh
called It her debut. On Janurm.'."'
she celebrated her eightieth vvcdrMft?
nnniversarv. Ninety ears ago she
lived In a log cablhon UAT6 1 tfcpt
near the present,j.'dftof JBliyrafUs.
Sho saw busy rminn street as a
Is Sfeitf Ptfifippmes
Hut goon Whn D, Long, of the,i-jJrdte
Health Service, who won fami tnrd
tight against plague on the PtwJrJo roast,
1ms been assigned to the post 'Pivh
neHlth ofllcer of the P-hiljpptaitfi. suc
ceeding Burgeon Victor (I. Iferser, The
alignment was made at tin jjcquct of
Kcretary of War Garrlbon.
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