Newspaper Page Text
. 1 TTi
y Fair tonight and tomorrow.
(Full Report on Pago Two.)
WASHINGTON, MONDAY EVENING. NOVEMBER 20, 1916,
PRICE ONE CENT.
ALLIES IN PURSUIT
OF BULGARS AFTER
Sarrail's Flanking Movement
, Attempts jo Cut Off Retreat
VICTORY AldS ROUMANIA
TriurophafttEntry Into Their
sv, 20. (Energetic pursuit
Tonic-Bulgarian army re-
Monastlr is nrocecdlnit.
according to the Serbian official stato-
hwnt today, mentioning Saturday's
"News of the liberating of Monastlr,
the ancient city of Serbian Macedonia,
hu caused proud satisfaction and great
joy in tho Serbian army," tho state
It la now doubted here that tho Gorman-Bulgarian
forces can make com
pute escape from tho encircling vise
of the allied flanking movement. Des
perate fighting is proceeding as the
allies strive to closo In still further
on the retreating Teutons. Roads
churned Into a sea of mud from snow
and rain will, It is believed, make it
impossible for Teutonic forces to pro
ceed with sufficient haste In their re
treat to accomplish a complete with
drawal of forces and equipment.
Retreat la Difficult.
Moreover, It appears that far from
being contont with nioro occupation
of the city, tho allied forces nro still
thrusting forward in their drive. Prl
Ip, to which city the enemy Is with
drawing. Is about twenty-four miles to
tha north. Tho way is for tho most
part across level ground, with very
few natural defensive features. Tho
allied occupancy of positions along
the Cerna river bend given them ft
fulcrum for their lover to force clear
ance of the plain.
Military critics here today agreed
that the capture of Monastlr Is of thn
greatest Importance. Diplomatically
most of tho credit Is given to tho Her
bUni'orthe victory. It was their
JUrlendld flghtln-a!ong the Cerm
bend which compelledtho enemy to
abandon their southern defense, en
abling advance due north of tho
French and Russian troops.
Serb Army Regenerated.
Ejected from their own country a
year ago by Field Marshal von Mack
ensen's tremendous drive, forced to
fie In disorder, their regiments scat
tered, their equipment what little
there was for tho most part aban
doned, tho Serbians have been trans
formed In a brief twelve months into
a formidable army, with new arms
and equipment and tho splendid tu
torship of French troops operating
with them as brothers-Inarms.
It Is expected here that the Monas
tlr victory will have Important effect
In relieving the German prossure
against Roumanla a prossuro that
has been regarded gravely of late.
The Ifondon press docs not hesitate to
call the situation of tho Roumanians
BERLIN MINIMIZES .
LOSS OF MONASTIR
Stys Stronghold Has No Military
BERLIN (Via Sovvillo). Nov. 20.
"New positions north of Monastlr
have been occupied by our forces
without being disturbed by the
enemy," said tho war office official
statement today dealing with the
Macedonian front. "Now German
forces have arrived in the fighting
Along the Mojrlcna finnt'the state
ment said Serbian advances near
UahOTO and Tusln had been repulsed
liv the Dulgnrlons.
Evacuation of Monastlr was a m ens
ure "prepared since several days."
said a special review of the Ralkuns
fighting Issued , today. Tho city. It
waa sold, was "without nny military
BRITISH THRUST OUT
OF ANCRE VILLAGE
Berlin Officially Announces Re
capture of Grandcourt.
BKRL1N (Via Sayvllle). Nov. 20.
Ejection of British troops from the
western part of tho village of Qrand
court was announced in 'today's offi
The report declared the British sus
tained heavy losses.
"English artillery fire qf yesterday
was generally less strong on both
sides of the Ancre," the statement
said. "Between Rerre and Bcaucourt
und south of Miraumont during the
ovenlng hours attacks wore launched.
They failed, with heavy losses to the
"Our Infantry, In hand-grenade en
gagements, ejected the ISngllsh from
the western part of Ornndcourt.
"During the counter-attacks of last
week wo captured twenty-two officers,
000 men and thirty-four machine guns.
"Tho French attempted to enter 8t.
Plerro Vaast wpod from tho north
west. They wore repulsed, although
th attack was made wltl now forces
and was preparod by strong fire."
Roumanian Campaign in
Campolung Is a Failure
PBTROORAD, Nov. 20. -Prank ad-
mission of tho failure of Roumanian
attacks In the Campolung region of
t Transylvania, southward of Dragos-
' lavole, was made In tho war office
It waa stated, however, that. In the
Albeaht region the Roumanians had
i(..timi1 northward, ranturinir inn
nrlsoners. cannon, and two machine
Come to City in Aero
First Flying Legislator Due in Washington Some
Time This Afternoon Plans to Make Trip From
Philadelphia in Ninety Minutes.
Congressman-elcot O. D. Bleakley, of
Franklin, Pu, Is duo to arrtva In
Washington from Philadelphia via
aeroplane, noma time thla afternoon.
Sorgt. William C. Ocker, flying In
structor for the United Statea flying
corps, at San Diego, Cnl.. Is pilot of
tho army aero In which the trip was
to. bo mado. .
The Hying Congressman-elect, who,
1y tho way. Is past sixty, was sched
tiled to start at abobut noon, and, If
everything went right, wos to get
here at about 1:30, In rather better
than tho usual train time.
A. Jt Macy, of Chicago, chlof en
gineer of tho Macy Engineering Com
pany, and inventor of a stabilizing
Commoner Denies Report He
Would Move From State.
Begins Prohibition Fight.
CHICAGO, Nov. 20. William Jen
nings Bryan today denied the report
that ho waH to move from tno Mate
"Who would want to leave a good
dry State like Nebraska?' ho said.
"Mrs. Bryan and I will spend our
winters In Florida and part. of the
summer In Ashcvlllc, N. C. But my
homo Is In Nebraska. I shall bo
thero part of each year ond I shall
"I believe national prohibition will
be tho paramount Issue of lOSO,"
Bryan continued. "Unless tho amend
ment Is made before that it Is prob
able that the amendment will bo sub
mitted in 1020. It Is oven possible
that It may pass this winter. The
Democratic party In In a position to
take up the subject and the Repub
licans may bo compelled to."
On thn heels of heavy political cam
paigning. Bryan pluhged Into his
four-year prohibition fight today with
nn address before the Chicago Dry
Bryan's speech here is the signal for
the opening of a campaign to mako
Chicago dry In 1918. It Is also his
opening shot In a , four-year campaign . wln tnke placo t K,nnt maga moet.
fSremthhrnougttReVommo!lng hero next Sunday. It was an-
fnrcu a nrohlbition Plank
nin tl. Tliilfnrrrm of both blir Dartles.
He said the prohibition wave would
sweep every State in the Union.
That Bryan is still nble to draw
thousands win shown last night,
when traffic on Michigan boulevard
was blocked for hours by crowds
overflowing from Orchestra Hall.
.where he was to speak. Ho finally
...it,. i thin, from the stens of the
TO i"nJ?itte i
Art II"tutl'- !
MERCURY JUMPS 30
DEGREES IN 5 HOURS
Rise From 34 to 64 Makes Over
Mercury around these parts, Just to
show It has lost none of Its old-time
agility, took a leap this morning of
The clay started in crisp, and cdld.
and shivery. At 8 o'clock tho tem
perature was 34 degrees. But then tho
ascension began, and by 1 o'clock this
aftornoon It had climbed to 64 de
grees. Pedestrians began to shod
TUB weniner uurcau promises '""
tonight and tomorrow, with a return
to lower temperature tomorrow.
WILSON TO WATCH
Going to New York With Members
of His Family.
Prtfsldcnt Wilson will go in for tho
"strenuous" sport next Saturday, and,
with members of his family, will wit
ness the Army-Navy football game at
at tho Polo Grounds In New York.
He will be accompanied by Mrs. Wil
son, Mrs. Boiling, Miss Helen Wood
row Hones, nnd Dr. and Mrs. Cory T.
Whllo the decision of the Prosldent
to attend the gamo Is subject to
change In tho event of any complica
tions arising in connection with the
various penulng foreign problems, tho
White House is going ahead witli ar
rangements. It is probable that tho
President and his party win leavo
here Saturday morning early nnd re
turn to Washington that night.
Secretary of War Baker nnd Secre
tary of tho Navy Daniels will both
attend with their wives, and will oc
cupy boxes on tho Army and Navy
Steel Common Breaks
High Record, Above 128
NEW YORK, Nov. 20. Steel, cop
per, and smelting stocks monopolized
attention on the stock exchange to
day In a rdsh of trading which car
ried United States Steel common to a
now high record at I28H.
More than 200,000 shares of Steel
wero traded during the first two
hours, during which time a total of
more than a million shares chaoevd
hands on the exchange floor. Repub-
' l in steel maae a new nign. at o.t: utan
Copper sold at 139H. Inspiration at
device for aeroplanes, arranged the
Ashed if Mr. Bleakley planned to
make the airship his regular means of
transportation from the Capital to his
home, Mr. Mason replied:
"Mr. Blealtley is only about sixty
years old, and la a very progressive
thinker, and I wouldn't hesitate to
say that he will learn to fly between
Washington and his home town.
"Mr. Illeakley has every conlldcnco
In the machine."
Tho army flier In which today's
trip was to be mado has been at Mln
cola. Long Island, for some time,
while Sergeant Ocker performed ver
itable nklrt dances In tho air with
It to demonstrate its safety.
Explosion on Boat Lying at Her
Pier Shakes Big Section of
NEW YORK, Nov. 20. 81 men
were killed and several Injured early
today when the boiler of the tug
Tho boat was lying at her pier In
tho Kast river.
The explosion, attributed to defects
In the boiler, shook the Orcenpolnt
section of Brooklyn, breaking win
dows In houses for several blocks
Capt. EUGENE CASEY.
FREDERICK ZANNB. deck hand.
FREDERICK E.SThjtBROOK, deck
Two unidentified deck hands.
SUFFRAGE HOSTS .
TO GATHER SUNDAY
Big Mass Meeting to Mobilize for
Mobilization of suffrage hosts, pre
paratory to a sto.un roller drive on
Congress during the coming session,
nounced from headquarters of the
Congressional Union today.
Miss Maud Younger, who directed
last year's campaign against the leg
islators, will arrive hero this week
from the West, where sho has been
stumping for the National Woman'a
"The bond of sisterhood between the
women or tho nation ban been
atrengthoned. by the recent election
campaign," Miss Younger says In a
report to the union. "Tho women
have been aroused. There Iihh been
nn awakening Interest which may be
the forerunner of wonderful poten
tialities." HUGHES AND WILLCOX
SILENT ON ELECTION
Candidate Golfs And Withholds
L.AURKL, IN THU PINKS, Lake
wood, N. JNov. CO Governor Hughes
golfed today still withholding any
comment on the election returns.
National Republican Chairman Wilt
cox, who was hero conferring with
tho Republican nominee Saturday, left
for New York also without u state
ment. I Urif I AMPI AITC OM
: llULLftlNU A V. I 3 JN
EXILE OF BELGIANS
, Kaiser to Be Informed of "Painful
. Impression" Made.
AMSTERDAM. Nov. 20.-Tho Dutch
minister at Berlin hu been Instructed
to notify tho German gavornment of
the "painful Impression" which IIol-
land has recelvod aa a. result of the
to Germany of Belgian
Supreme Court to Hear
Arguments in Horn Case
The Supreme Court today granted
n motion to advance for argument the
case of Werner Horn, alleged dyna
miter and German army offlcor.
Horn Is accused of trying to blow
up the Canadian international bridge
at the Canadian boundary In Maine.
He uskeJ a writ of habeaH corpus,
claiming the offense charged against
him Is of military character, and one
for which he cannot be tried In the
Tho court assigned the case for ar
gument January 8,
His Thirteenth Trip to
The Hospital Unlucky
LOS ANOKL.ES, Cal Nov. 20.-"Wcll.
boys, thla Is tho last time you tinker
with thla OBI carcass."
Frank A. .Luce, champion butt of mis
fortunes, smiled as brightly aa a dying
man couia smue, ana ror tho thirteenth
tlmo In two years quietly submitted him
self to receiving hospital surgeons,
lOach surgeon and Intern at police hos
pital knew I.uco well. He talked and
joked with them, and they Joked back.
Thts lasted thirteen minutes, and then
Luce's career as a hard luck champion
nded. Ho had fallen down stair and
1 KILLED A BR
brontn tils back.
CITIZENSPLAN FIGHT RUTH LAW REACHES
FOR DISPOSAL PLANT NEW YORK AND SETS
FOR CITY'S GARBAGE NEW AERO RECORD
Active Campaigh to Be Waged
for an Appropriation. From
BIG OBSTACLE REMOVED
Street Cleaning Chief Finds
Means of Eliminating Odors.
Benefits of System.
Citizens' associations In the District
and other civic organizations' are plan
ning an especially acttvo campaign
this year for an appropriation by Con
gress to enable tho District to collect
and dispose of its own garbage and
Last year's estimates from the com
mlsstoners contained un Item for
1300,000 for work for tho first year In
constructing reduction and Inciner
ator plants, for which tho ultimate In-
veiimcm was to Do jhwo.uoo.
Again Included This Year,
It in understood- this item again is
Included in the District estimates, not
yet made public, ns the Commissioners
are. known to go strongly in favor of
Added Impetus was given to the
movement toduv with the announce
ment of J. W. l'axton. superintendent
street claanlng, who has charge
also of tho disposition of irnrhnc-o and
waste, thnt one objection to the erec
tion of a municipal garbage reduction
plant had been removed
Tho problem of erecting such a
plant has been complicated by the
fant tltm l ...l... ...AH. - I.:. 9
miles around. It was nmnoinl to lo. I
?"!?.. " ""i""' P'5-t l !"
dors 'from that olnt more tl an
four n.ffi.-dlStel, ffit eSS? .o1
nn.t. r:.., ni.L,
Mr. l'axton recently made u trip
to New York to confer with builders i
of a plant ut New Bedford, who havo i
eliminated this meiiucp fiom odors. '
Previously thn builders had an '
nouncod they would not soil this plant
I to munlclnnlltles. but Mr. Piivtnn nh
tainea from them it price for permit
ting Washington to use It, which will
placo it I mild trritf-urn-o4lowrtd for
the propost-ifWashlngton plant.
Now York's gorliHge rrmovul con
tractors ur now eii'rtlnc plant eurh
h tlmt Ht .N'i-'.v Uodforil, which will
give chance for further observation
of their operations on n largo scale.
The proposed Washington plant will
be constructed along tho lines laid
down by Irwin S. Osborn, of Colum
bus, following his survey or the sit
uation In the District, for which Con
gress uppioprlatcd (7,500.
What Work Now Coats.
The present contract prices paid for
removal of various classes of waste in
the District follow: For garbage, ?0!,
840; for miscellaneous refuse. 23,400;
for ashcH, $00,000, and for dead anl-
The last tltae bids were nsked for
only the contractors doing the work
at the time bid on thrco of these
four contracts, thoso for garbage,
refuse, and animal removal.
This fact Is cited as an argument
In favor of the city taking over the
removal of waste, as it already has
done, at a great saving and a great
(Continued on Ninth Page.)
PRESIDENT AT GOLF
LINKS EARLY TODAY
Will Confer With Chairman Adam
son This Evening.
Owing to tho fact thot the President
Is not keeping any morning engage
ments these days, ho has sturted the
practice of golfing early. This morn
ing he waa out with Mrs. Wilson on
tho links before 9 o'clock, but return
ed nbout It.
At ( o'clock this evening he will hold
a conference with Chulrman Adamson
of tho House Interstate and Foreign
Commerce Committee regarding tho un
completed proKrum of railroad strike
legislation which ho proposed last Sep
tember at tho tlmo of tho threatened
This afternoon the President will re
ceive Dr. Bellsnrlo l'orras, tho new
Ponamlan minister, who was formerly
President of Panamu. Ho succeeds Dr.
Kuscbto A. Morales, who waa recently
elected Prosldont of Panama, succeed
ing Dr. Porras.
HELEN KELLER TO GO
TO HEALTH RESORT
Noted Deaf And Blind Woman
Now En Route to Alabama.
MONTGOMERY, AU, Nov. Sft.-Mlss
Helen Keller, noted deaf and blind
womun, who Satuidny was reported In
broken health because of reports that
sho was tar have married her secre
tary, Potor Fagan, Is en route from
Boston hero by water, It became known
today from reinlives. auss Keller is
to ua to somo noarby health resort
with her mother, Mrs. Kato Keller. It
could not be learned If sho Is also ac
companied by her llfo-long companion,
Mrs. Aiacy. wno inugiu ucr io spcaK,
and for whoso friendship, Boston c
ports mild, sho pave up thought of
Shortly after Miss Keller, Fagan, and
Mrs. Macy denied all reports of tho ro
mance Fagan took a steamer for Sa
vannah, and Miss Keller secluded her
self In her home, nnounclng she would
shortly go to tho Adlrondcks.
Central Powers' Envoys
Ordered Out of Greece
LONDON, Nov. 20. An Athens spe
cial agency dispatch today assert
German, Austrian, Bulgarian, and
Turkish ambassadors In the Greek
canltal havo been told by thn allies
that they must leave the country by
Daring Aviatrix Establishes
Mark for Cross-Country
Flight in U. S.
HER PLANE OLD-FASHIONED
Trip From Chicago to Hornell, N.
Y., Beaten Only Once, by
NEW YORK. Nov.' 30. Ruth Law, a
smiling little American, took her
placo as the premier woman aviator
of the world today, when alio set n
new American record fdr cross-country
Hhe landed at Governor's Island at
Oi.lK a. m., having flown 840 miles
from Chicago in an old-style exhibi
Miss Law made but two stops. One
was at Hornell. N. Y., last night, when
sho was forced to alight because she
had run out of gasolene, ,and the other
at Blnghamton, where sho stopped
for the night.
Seeonil Longest Flight.
Miss Law's record stands as the
second longest flight that has ever
Her flight of COO miles Is exceeded
only by that of Sublieutenant Mer
chal, of the French army, who flew
from Nancy to Cholm, Poland, In
Juno of this year. The distance of
this flight wan hU',3 miles.
Other long flights arc:
M. Dcrovc. 4HP..7 miles. Italy
victor Carlstrom, Chicago to Erie.
"P"!"..'? "eauihamp. Nancy to Ht.
Tn,eer7nerstUtnn fcB?3aff.l,fiw U.
T'1 f?": wh "he finished her record
Hurried Into Automobile.
.Slip was hustled into a waiting au.
'"mobile at tho army aviation field.
whisked away to the home of Major
" "lllain Harlmann, of the army slg
nnl department, and the travel dust
washed off her rosy face. Then, this
daring maid of the air, vhfo has out
Carlstromed Vlclo Carlairom in lier
mum irnm tnicaurr ii .ipw vorK,
plncedly asked of Mrs. Hartman:
"May I borrow some of your face
Fully exposed to the wind and cold,
owing to the fact that the type of
machine she drovo forced her to sit
out In front of her motor without any
(Continued on Seventh Page.)
TEACHERS WILL MEET
TO DISCUSS PENSIONS
Open Session Scheduled for Cen
tral High Tomorrow Night.
All Washington teachers hive been
requested by Superintendent of
School Thurston, to attend the mass
meeting for tho consideration of a
teachers' pension law at Central, High
School tomorrow night nt 7:30.
The meeting Is for the consideration
of the present pension bill. Anyone
may discuss any point of the bill, with
a view of strengthening it. There are
to be addresses by Commissioner
Oliver I'. Newman. Superintendent
Thurston, Dr. John Van Schalok,
president of the Board of Education,
and Sirs. Ida Fursmau, a former Chi
Tho principals of the schools have
been asked to again call the atten
tion of the teachers In their building
to the meeting. It Is expected that
ubout 1,500 teachers and others In
terested In the retirement of teachers
win be present. Musical numbers. In
cluding an organ recital, are to be
The meeting is under the auspices
of the High SVbool Teachers' Union.
WOMAN'S UNION FOR
HARPER AS CHAIRMAN
Indorses His Name to Head In
Col. Robert N. Harper waa Indorsed
for the imiUKural chairmanship by the
Women's Wilson Union today. Colonel
Harper recently was Indorsod by the
Wilson and Marshall Domocratla As
sociation, and other Democratic organ
izations here. In tho past tho recom
mendation of the local Democratic or
ganizations haa been a deciding factor
in ino selection or me inaugural chair
Beginning today the Wilson Women's
Union passed out of exlstonce aa a
political organisation and began work
as a social organization. The head-
quarters at Fiftconth and F streets
will bo continued for tho Immediate
present. It is stated, and later tho or
ganization will rent quarters elsewhere.
Tno now namo or tne organization is
to bo tho National Homo Club, and It
Is planned to kcop the offices open
dully from 3 to II p. m.
CANAL TROUBLE NEAR
END, SAYS GOETHALS
Earth Movements Which Suspend
ed Shipping Being Conquered.
The earth movements, which have
suspended shipping through the Pan
ama canal at various times since Its
completion, soon will bo finally con
querod "for all time." General Goeth-
als, governor of the Canal Zone, de
clared in his annual report to tho War
"The worst of the Culebra cut
slides are over," ho said.
Goethals branded as "erroneous, un
warranted and unfair." published crit
icisms bf the canal, which, he charges,
have seriously urfected its commercial
He again urged revision of the tolls
system; to base charges upon tha earn
ing capacity of vessels instead of ton-nigs.
Conducting Inquiry Into
Problems of Railroads
W SjsssssFX sftHV
iaBBBk Y& US
t MBl 1 ft Yanafin '1 i
Photo by llirrli ic Ewlnr.
. SENATOR F. G. NEWLANDS,
Chairman of Joint Congressional
191 7 CALENDAR TO
BE SET BACK A DAY
Capital Hotel Keepers Decide
New Year Eve Celebration
Will Be Monday Night.
Washington hotel koeperx bid pro
paring to give away a whole duy!
While most of tho world Is Interest-'
ed lnN raving daylight andr .tfthef
VclfttjloJrtb coTisefve and preserve' and
eternally set back old Father Time,
the hotel keepers of Washington are
meeting at the Now Willard this- af
ternoon for the sole purpose of for
mally chucking the first day or 1H17
Into tho discard as though it had
never been, and planning the begin
ning of the new year on January 2.
The action of the Hotel Keepers'
Association of Washington Ih due to
the fact that New Year Dve comes
on Sunday this year.
A N- iesr Kve on Sunday means
no welcome for tho Now Year In ap
proved fashion at the hotels and
restaurants of the city. No regular
year can make Its approach on an
unoffending people nowadays with
out being properly welcomed.
Therefore, the Hotel Keepers' As
sociation, after lue consultation
among Its members and with the
hotel keepers of other cities, has de
cided that the celebration of the com
ing of the New Year will take place
for 1417 after the year has arrived
on Monday night.
SEE WILSON TODAY
Shepherd, Garrctson, Stone, And
Lee Will Call.
Representatives of the four tallroad
brotherhoods will call on President
Wilson at S:45 o'clock this aftornoon
to pay their respects.
Thote In the delegation will include
L. E. Shejiard, representing A. B.
Garrctson, of the Order of Railway
Conductors: W. S. Stone, representing
the Brotherhood of Engineers; W.
G. I.ce. of the Railway Trainmen, and
F. H. Carter, representing the firemen,
The brotherhood leaders are In
town to nttend a hearing of tho New
lands committee which Ih considering
railroad problems. They are also
anxious to have Congress proceed
with 4he rest of tho strike legislation
proposed by President Wilson.
Inasmuch as tho brotherhoods have
served notice that they will call a
general strike after January 1, if the
railroads fall to put Into operation
the new olght-hour hnsln ilnv the
conference with tho President this
afternou may take on an Important
THREE CAR LOADS OF
COAL ARRIVE HERE
Fuel Distributed Among Schools
and Public Buildings.
Three car loads of coal, consigned to
the District Government, arrived this
morning, and wero distributed among
tho schools nnd public buildings.
M. C. Hargrove, purchasing officer,
haa advertised for l.UAi tons of soft
coal, bids for which are being opened
thts aftornoon. Mr. Hurgrov would
venture no opinion today as to how
long the supply on hand would last.
Fear of a shortage Is lessened, how
ever, by tho promise of contractors
that coal will stoii begin
In regular quantifies.
Wilson to Speak at
St. John's Centennial
President Wilson today accepted an
invitation to make an address at the
centennial exercises at 8t John'a Prot
estant Episcopal Church, January 13.
The Invitation was presented by a
delegation consisting of Dr. R. Cot
ton Smith, rector of the chilrch, und
Rear Admiral Charles 11. Stockton, re
tired, and Dr. Ralph Jenkins, of the
board of vestrymen.
Tho exercises will last two days and
will be In commemoration of the hun
dredth anniversary of tha founding of
R. R. PROBERS
TO TRY TO STOP
Newlands Announces Method to
Prevent Use of Force Must
ROADS PLEAD FOR DELAY
Joint Congressional Committee
in Executive Session to Out
The railroad wage question will
be investigated by the joint com-
mittee of Congress, headed by Sen
ator Newlands, wJiich opened its
sessions today at the Senate Office
Building under authority of a reso
lution adopted by both houses lest
This important fact was disclosed
by Senator Newlands, making his
opening statement to the comm t
lands, it is evident that the only
As to wages, said Senator New
method of settling disputes be
tween the roads and their employes
is by resort to force
UP TO LAWMAKERS.
He declared It would seem to b the
highest duty of the committee to meet
this condition and create some system
under which a resort to force, Vthe
most barbarlu and brutal of pro
cesses," can ha -avoided and tha ssttle-
haejit of dVutc bo brought about in
SonatoslSlHiUnda Indicated his be
lter that it should be tho subject of
the profoundest thought of the com
mittee whether the present condition
of things should bo perpetuated anil
that it waa particularly appropriate
thnt it should be considered In a na
tion which Is seeking to bring about
the peaceful settlement of Interna
The reference of Senator Newlands
to the wago question attracted tho
utmost Interest because there had
been doubt whether the commlttea
would feel disposed to go Into thin
phase of tho railroad problem.
Broad leope of Inquiry,
Senator Newlands, in his statement,
outlined tho scope of the Inquiry
which, as described by htm. Is to bo
of the widest. Railroad heads, railroad
reprosontatlvcs, representatives of pub
lic utllltloM generally, representatives
of commercial bodies, publicists, econ
omists, representative of labor, and
practicality every one who Is able to
contribute thought to the committee
are Invited. Representatives of tho
Interstate Commerce Commission and
of State commissions, among others,
will be expected.
That tho Committee Is to go Into
ovcry phase of the transportation
question was emphasized by Senator
Newlands,. Rail, ocean, and river
transportation, railroad credit, na
tlonnl Incorporation, Federal control
of securities, Federal control aa
ugainst State control, and a careful In
quiry Into Government ownership, ale
among the subjects ahead of the com
mittee. Taking 0er Roads.
Senator N.cwlands pointed out that
In connection with Government owu
clshlp, tho committee would consldci
the best method of taking over the
roads, whether they should be taken
over after valuation or on the basin
of the market value of stocks and
bonds, tho Government blmply buying
up the securities.
Ho alluded to the fact that since th
European war different European
governments had taken over the lines.
Tho committee did not begin formal
hearings today. Senator Newlands
and tho other inemborB of tho com
mittee were present- Representatives
of tallroads. State commissions, ship
ping bodies, various public utilities,
and otheri. tilled tho hearing room ou
tho third lloor of tno aenalo umce
Building. f ...
Judge Robert S. Lovett, president
of thu Union Pntltle. was onions thosn
present. Judge A. P. Thorn appearcu
for practically ull the Enstern and
Tho committee obtained from thois
present statomonts as to who deslrsa
to bo heard and when. Not only wera
the roads represented, but such great
utilities an tho American Telephone
und Telegraph Company, former So
licitor Oenoral Lchmnnn appealing
Brotherhood Chiefs Absent.
Contrary to expectations, tho brotli
orhoods were not represented,
Tho committee after hearing statt
ments from those desiring to appeal,
took an executive session to map out
A significant feature of the procrtd.
Inga today was that the railroads,
through Judge Thorn, Indicated t hoy
were, not ready to go on, ond wanted
ten days' notlco. Former Senator Brls-tun-
fnr i Mint commissions, nua
Judge Cowan, for tho live stock indus
try, Insisted the ranrouns enouiu siu.o
their caso first. Judgo Thoin objected
to the rallroadx being required to act
Armed With Statistics.
Each side is armed with statistics
to support contentions each haa bean
making for years. In tho meantime,
the Government will keep a watchful
eyo on tho Interests of tho public
"The public Is the Interest most to
be consldci od In this controversy,
Judge Adamson. vice chalruiMii of th;
Joint Congressional committee and
parent of tho right-hour law, said to
day "Both the railroads and tha
brotherhoods seem for a moment t.
forget that they are our servants In
During tha day, Judge Adaiuiou i
ns, and Colorado Fuel at 1H.