Newspaper Page Text
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' THE WASHINGTOy TDIES, THURSDAY: -MAY 3,v1917.
Knterrd as second class matter at the rost-e-rnce
at Washington. D C
Published Every Evening (Including Sundays)
By The Washington Times Company.
MCNSET BUILDING Pennsylvania Aienne.
ntANK A. MUNSEY President
1L II. TITHEItlNGTON Secretary
HIED A. WALKER Treasurer
One Tear (Includlnc Sundays). JJ.SO.
Six Months. IL73. Three Months. SOc
THURSDAY. MAT 3. 1M7.
U. S. Grant, 4th
The fourth of the name has en
ILtcd as a private in the New York
Seventh Regiment. Born in San
Diego, CaJ., twenty-three years ago,
he is a graduate of Harvard Univer
sity and was until recently an em
ploye of J. P. Morga - &. Co. We
have a military aristocracy in this
country which should be encouraged.
Trivate Grant has two cousins who I
are commissioned officers and an un
cle who is a major general. Inci
dentally, Stonewall Jackson Chris
tian, the only grandson of the famous
Confederate general, is a commis
sioned officer. But the enlistment of
U. S. Grant as a private soldier has
been an inspiration to -the young men
of the country.
The sinking of 36,000 tons of Nor
wegian shipping by U-boats last
week only rc-emphasizes- that Nor
way would be better off were she
actually at war against Germany.
She has no prospect other than that
her merchant marine will be tor
pedoed more and more ruthlessly. By
joining the allies she would be able
at least to strike back to the best of
Of far greater consequence to both
sides is the fact that by such a step
Norway would shut off the importa
tion of supplies into Germany
through the Scandinavian peninsula.
That Norway is urging Sweden and
Denmark to league themselves with
her against Frightfulness is easily
believable. And Sweden, at least,
has so much more to gain than to
'lose by doing so that it is hard to
comprehend why she should hesitate.
Root and Russia
There is no question that Elihu
Boot is the best representative of a
considerable section of the American
people. The Fresident is wisely en
deavoring to unite all groups in the
United States in the prosecution of
"the war. Certain pacifists and So-
xialists, whose patriotism is in in
verse proportion to their noisiness,
have protested against his heading
the mission to Russia and ' have
striven to make as much mischief as
possible in communications with
Russian Socialists. Their chief point
of attack has been the allegation
that Root, while Secretary of State,
favored the extradition of two politi
cal offenders, Rudowitz and Pouren,
who had come to this country. It
now appears that while he insisted
upon a full examination of their
cases, he actually decided in their
iavor, and in the case of Pouren re
versed in a new hearing the judg
ment of the commissioner that Pou
ren hhould have been extradited.
No one has ever questioned Root's
ability or his patriotism. In com
parison with some of his critics, he
fairly shines by contrast with their
attainments in these two rather im
portant particulars. Their real ani
mus is that Root is at the opposite
pole from themselves as to Socialism
and as to the matter of giving aid
and comfort to the enemies of the
Carranza has been duly inaugu
rated President of the republic of
Mexico. Four years ago, he was
governor of the state of Coahuila,
fleeing for his life from the usurper
Iluerta, and forming with other gov- j
crnors a revolutionary junta, named I
the Constitutionalists, for the pur
pose of restoring constitutional gov
ernment to his country. The im
portant thing for Americans to re
member is that after all the vicissi
tudes of revolution and counter revo
lution, Carranza has survived and
that by his stubborn persistence which
has so often ben a trial to the
friendly nation to the north of Mex
ico, constitutional government has
been restored with the election of a
Tk -J a , .- '
jrresiaent ana a ingress ami the , iy than any other documents tho Con
formation of regular diplomatic com- j giesMonal Record.
munications between the Mexican
government and our own. Simul- Ought not La Follette first to stib
taneously with the inauguration of!mlt ,0 a PPuIar referendum the
President Carranza. the plot of Ger
man intrigue which led Hucrta to
imprisonment and death in prison is
being unveiled before the courts fn
What concerns us chiefly now is
the attitude of the new government
toward the United States in its
conflict with Germany. Mexico has
chosen to remain neutral and that is
her right. Our duty is to insist on
neutrality in the utmost meaning of
the word. A nation at war is not to
be trifled with and there are signs
that Mexico understands that lesson.
A recent reassuring letter from
Luis Cabrera, minister of the treas
ury, to Secretary Lane, has just been
All Mexicans who know and ap
preciate the United States are
now striving to keep Mexico ab
t aolutely neutral In the present
- world-conflict, which unfortu
' Tiately has extended to America.
Although I believe that tbe war
between the United States and
Germany will actually tako place
In Europe and not In America,
the United State can be sure that
the present government of Mex
ico will do everything in it
power to make the United States
feel absolutely confident that
there will be no reason at all to
fear from our side.
Mexico has gone through a civil
war and there Is nothing1 the peo
ple desire more than to remain In
peace and without being engaged
in an International war.
Until further advices shall per
suade us of the sucess of German
intrigue in Mexico, we shall hojjeJ
that the newly establishes govern
ment of Mexico will be mindful of
its obligations as a member of the
family of nations.
The full realization of the subma
rine menace has at last been reached.
The sinking of 400,000 tons of ship
ping in one week surpasses Ger
many's calculation of 1,000,000 tons
a month and goes far to make up
for former shortages. The lengthen
ing days and shortening nights of
summer with the better sea-weather
prevailing during the summer sea
son add tremendously to the effec
tiveness of the submarine campaign.
The loss of two American armed
ships on successive days proves that
such ships furnish but a poor de
fense against the U-boat peril. The
frank confession of members of the
British mission of thexeceding
gravity of the situation has brought
the matter home to American minds
and hearts. The estimate by the
editor of the Scientific American that
Germany ca'n build and equip 1,200
submarines a year is a noteworthy
contribution to the question at issue.
An address in New York yester
day by Pomeroy Burton, of the Lon
don Daily Mail, is full of warning
to America against harboring the
"short war fallacy" and he urges a
campaign of education by the news
papers to .convince our people of the
fact that "the worst and most dan
gerous stages of the war are S'ct to
come." Finally, Secretary Lane, in
whose calm wisdom the American
people have the utmost confidence,
warns his countrymen that the war
may be a long one, that we must
look to this year's crop and next
year's and the year after that:
We can't afford to fall in this
war. Ever)' man in this country
Is involved In this work and every
man In the country Is a soldier.
The French hope to break down
the morale of the German arm.
Our concern is to see to it that
our own morale rises.
Of course, with American 'optim
ism wc hope that American inven
tiveness will find some solution of
the submarine problem. There is a
vague idea that Edison is bending
his big mind to the task. But the
American soirit rises as the danger
increases. We see now that unless
we wanted Barbarism to triumph
over Civilization it was necessary for
the cause of humanity itself that vtc
entered the war. Wc know now that
all wc have and are must be conse
crated to the task of' saving the
world from Prussianism. We have
put our hand to the plow and
there will be no looking back. The
sword once drawn will not be sheath
ed until victory has come.
The immediate need is ships and
more ships. Shipbuilders on both
Atlantic and Facific coasts must
cancel all contracts not connected
with the immediate task of winning
the war by supplying the means of
resistance and of endurance to our
allies. Charles W. Morse, no mean
authority on shipbuilding, estimates
that wc can build Ave thousand
wooden and steel ships a year. Lewis
Nixon, another authority, thinks a
new steel tonnage of 2,000,000 tons
can be built in a year if the com
mandeering of steel plants by the
Government suspends the erection of
steel frame buildings.x The sky?
scrapers can wait. Everything but
shipbuilding is relatively unimport-
The most important thing is for
the American people to be fully
awake and to remain awake to the
greatness of the task that they have
deliberately chosen. The eyes of the
world are upon us. The destiny of
nations hangs in the balance. The
safety and happiness of our own
country is at stake. To your tents,
The new cable censorship will bo
remiss if it does not sran more close-
question wiietncr tney want a reter
endum on the proper methods of con
ducting the war or whether they ate
willing to trust the Commander-in-Chief
of the Army and Navy?
Now that BUJy Sunday has com
out for sending T. It. to France all
l.at is necessary Is to arrange a fc.v
Now that It is known that Germany
spent a half millibn dollars in Amer
ica to cripple munition plans and to
have an embargo act passed by Con
Kress, explanations by those Con
gressmen who favored the latter prop
osition are in order.
With all the cordiality that we feel
toward the British people just now,
we must draw the line at being com
pelled to admire the poetic effusions
of the poet laureate.
The War Is a Blessing in Disguise.
No One will deny that the disguise
Suggested rnrade for Baby Week.
STORKS. STORKS. STORKS. STORKS.
Company of Boy Scouts
of tender years
looking behind, stumps to see it here
cany tirolher Liue r rora.
FATHER TIME. MOTlfER EARTH.
CATNIP AND FENNEL.
The old lady of
Banbury Cross with rings on
her fingers and bells on her toes.
STORKS. STORKS. STORKS. STORKS.
Float, representing landlord
refusing to let .apartment to
the Father of Lies
The Mother of Invention.
The Little Pig That "Went to
Conscript Fathers, War Babies
THE COSMIC URGE.
FATHER WILLIAM. MOTHER HUBBARD
AND BART MINE.
Storks. Storks. Storks, Stores. Storks.
The Little Tig That Stayed at Home.
Eliia crossing the Ohio Kher on the
ice with her Child In her arms
and pursued by Germs.
OSIRIS. ISIS AND ELLEN KET.
The Little Tig That Had Roast Beef.
Mother Carey and-the Old Man of the
Sea with The Water Babies.
riatoon of Washingtonians
STORKS. STORKS STORKS. STORKS.
Float representing the
Father of His Country Crossing the
Delaware, on a winter night
to get a doctor for It.
The Little Pig That Got No Roast
BERNARD SHAW ON A FLOAT
READING ALOUD FROM "MAN AXD SU
PERMAN" TO ArilRODITE.
StorksStorks. Storks. Storks. Storks.
Platoon -of Clerks
From Marriage Licence Bureau.
REGIMENT OF BOT SWATS
The Lltle Pig That Couldn't Get Over
the Door Sill.
HUSH-A-BVE-BAEY. J. M. BARP.IE.
AND OLD DOC HOLT.
Float Showing Eminent Children's
As to Whether Little Boys or Little
Girls are Made of Scissors and Snail
and Puppy Dog Tails.
THE MELODRAMA CHILD.
MOTHER NATURE AND BABT BIK.
Mrs. Winslow. Sairey Gamp,
Betsy Prig and
Dainty Baby Bell.
ORKS. STORKS. STORKS. STORKS.
FONTAINE FOX AND
Board of Health Examining
Cow With Crumpled Horn.
The Father of Waters Surrounded by
BIRTH CONTROL LEAGUE ON A
IN SHACKLES. AND COWERING
BEFORE THEODORE ROOSEVELT.
Storks. Storks. Storks. Storks. Storks.
Brlgham Young and Father Abraham
yearlings crying for Castoria.
King Solomon Showing The Old
Woman who lived in a shoe
how to put children to bed with
a shoe horn.
Storks. Storks. Stoiks. Storks. Storks.
NURSE MAID, GIVING NOTICE.
Adam and Eve Discovering That Cain
Has a Serpent's Tooth.
Float Showing the Superman
Baffled By a Diaper Pin.
OLD DOC WILEY AND THE BABIES
IN THE WOOD..
The Infant Hercules Strangling
a Rubber Nipple.
Pair of Eugenlst Solemnly
Wheeling a Perambulator Whirh Con-
tains Their Only Offspring, a Book
ST. VALENTINE. LOOKING
Float Representing Noah
On the Ark's Afterdeck Warning
His Grandchildren Not to Try
To Cut Their Teeth
On the Animals.
STORKS. STORKS STORKS.
Chorus of Mothers Demanding of
"Where Are My Children?"
FLOCK OF CUPIDS CARRYING HOT
Plstoon of Trained Nurses
With Pins In Their Mouths.
BABIES PRESENTING ARMS.
BABIES PRESENTING ARMS.
STORKS PRESENTING BKAK8.
STORKS PRESENTING BEAKS.
RELATIVES rRE8ENTIN0 SPOONS.
RELATIVES PRESENTING SPOONS
DOCTORS PRESENTING BILLS.
DOCTORS PRESENTING BILLS.
LETTERS TO THE TIMES
ON TOPICS OF THE DAY
Reader Urges Colored Officers for
TO TIMES READERS
The Timet is receiving great num
oert 0 lettert from itt readers.
A"o communication tchich does not
carry the name and address of the
contributor will be vied, but both
tcill be considered confidential if re
quett It made.
Publication Kill not be made of
lettert on untimely tubjecit or re
ligiout qucttiont. It tcill not pub
lith abusive personal attacks nor
criticism tchich The Timet deemt
unwarranted by the factt at it litotes
Ao record Is kept of unpublished
lettert and none win be returned un
lets pottage it incloted.
To the Editor of THE TIMES:
Conscription Is now the assurc-1
plan of raising the Federal army. A
force of 2,000,000 Americans is to be
drawn from the flower of the youth
of the nation to wage a righteous
warfare for democracy. What of tbe
negro? What part Is he to play In
thJs fighting phalanx? It Is generally
conceded that he is to form his pro
portionate part of the conscript
army. If this be so, probably 500,001)
black men will be ultimately sum
moned to defend the United States
In this war. That this unit of our
fighting force may be relied upon
for bravery and courage the glorious
record of the colored troops in all
the wars of this country stands as
His bravery Is unquestioned. What
of bis loyalty? What of his patriot
ism? The unbroken loyalty of the
negro to the country of his adoption,.
yes even to the owners of his body,
Is one of the remarkable facts of his
tory. Representative white citizens
North and South, as well as the col
ored man himself, have spurned the
suggestion that the black man Is one
whit less loyal than any other citi
zen of the countr.
The vital question now, however,
is' in reference to the opportunity for
colored men to receive training as
officers for the new army. Are thesd
500,000 black troops to fight entirely
under white officers or are they ti
be officered by men of their own.
race? The answer to this question i
the key to the negro's attitude to
ward service in the Federal force".
He is brave. He yields to none ii
patriotism. He insists, however, that
separate regiments of negro troop
be commanded, by a fair number of
Yet there are no provisions bein
made for the training of colored of
ficiers. The officers of the conscript
army are to be trained In the four
teen training camps to be opened In
a few days. Hundreds of Intelligent
and capable young colored men. most
of them college men. were only too
anxious to offer themselves for this
training. Some "CO actually signi
fied their Intention of applying for
admission to these camps. Their ar
dent patriotism and enthusiasm wa
met with the statement of the Secre
tary of War that it would not be
practicable to open these camps tj
Anxious to serve their country in
spite of such discrimination, llie-v
young men ask that a separate camp
be established for the training of
colored officers upon the same basis
as the other officers' training camps.
This request Is in line with the opin
ion expressed by Secretary Baker. No
assurance of any kind has been given
that such a camp will be instituted.
In fact efforts have been made to se
cure the authorization of such a camp
since February hv Ir. Joel E. Spln
garn, of New York cltv The Impres
sion has been given, whether intend
ed or not, that the authorities were
not In favor of the training of col
Let the Government provide at on-'e
for a separate camp for the training
of negro officers to serve with the
negro units of the new Federal army.
If this Is done, the country may rest
assured that 2,000.0M) negro youth
stand ready to give themselves to
theservlce of the land they love and
to cJTamplon the cause of world
Criticises Opponents of War In Con
To the Editor of THE TIMES:
I am not a lawyer, but feel that I
am capable of ordlnarv Judgment on
everyday matters. een of a political
character, and It seems to me. as well
as to manv others whom I meet, that
our distinguished Senator from Wis
consin. I.a Follette. is treading on
dangerous ground. He surely repre
sents the thought of but a slight per
centage of the population. I say "pop
ulation." mark you. In stead of "our
Permit me to commend your atti
tude, as expressed editorially, regard
ing the positions taken frequently by
some members of our Congress. You
certainly go after them right. Poor
old man Clark! His Interviews re
cently were truly pathetic and Indi
cate a mental condition not In keep
ing with what we nutsldeis think a
Speaker should possess. I would sug
gest that the press should call for the
resignation of a Follette, Vardaman.
Norrls, and Steve Uronna.
C. I. RUD.
The Jackal's W blue. ,
And when the Goddes raised the
torch high in her hands
To light our course o'er deadly seas
to stricken lands.
Lands where each rill now runs a
torrent at the flood,
A crimson torrent fed by the patriot
Poured out from hearts bled white
that Liberty may live.
The cravens whined, "It Is enough for
us to give
Gold good red gold and rest secure
while brave men die'"
Red gold will not a-all you when
your'doom draws nigh!
No bag of gold protects from pred.i-
tory might -It
is your yellow god that spurs the
Hun to fight!
Who are you who speak thus? Who
were your craven sires?
Not men who. with their blood, fed
Freedom's altar fires!
Ha! Well I know who mlsbegot your
Jackal breed -Your
sires rangea battlefields at night
to sate their greed
C. J. 1LVRRIS.
PLAN FAVORS MERGER -OF
Royal Commission Would Unify All
Except Canadian Pacific.
OTTAWA. May 3. Canada Is of
fered a solution of her railroad prob
lem In a unique plan put forward by
the Royal Commission appointed to
Inquire into the railways and trans
portation, whlchv was made public
here today. The plan provides for
uniting all Canadian railways, except
the Canadian Pacific Into a single
system In the hands of a new com
pany, to be called the Dominion Rail
way Company. It Is proposed that
the ownership shall be vested In and
the operation conducted by a board
of public trustees on account of and
for the benefit of the people of Can-H
ada on a commerical basis under Its
own politically undisturbed manage
ment. The report which analyzes the
transportation situation of the Dom
inion In detail. Is submitted by Sir
H. L. Drayton and W. M. Acworth, as
majority members, but Is not signed
by the third member. A. H. Smith,
president of the New York Central
lines, who will submit a separate re
port differing in some conclusions
form his associates. .
The report discloses an unuual state
of affairs which prompts the unusual
recommendations made. It finds that
more railways have been built than
are warranted on commercial grounds
under present conditions. It points
out that while the development of
Canada Justified two transcontinental
lines it did not Justlfiy three and
that the Grand Trunk and Canadian
Northern systems should have been
Can't Meet Obligations.
Although both roads are nominally
private companies, more than three
fourths of the capital of the Canadian
Northern and nearly two-thirds of
that of the Grand Trunk Pacific has
been either provided or guaranteed
by the Dominion and provincial gov
ernments and municipalities. In
spite of this lavish assistance these
two companies cannot meet their li
abilities from their resources and are
living from hand to month nn mihtir-
advances made monthly as liabilities
accrue. The liability of the Grand
Trunk railroad under Its guarantees
to the Grand Trunk Pacific Is found
to amount to over J3.000.000 a year
and Its accumulated arrears of main
tenance amount to fl'l.OOO.OOO.
The commission expresses its bellel
that much new capital expenditure
can be avoided by combining these
three companies Into a single system
It finds that the Grand Trunk need
Immediately to expend 151.000.000 In
order to put its own system Into a
position to provide adequate servic
and that it Is entirely unable to carry
the burden which It has undertaken
In respect of the Grand Trunk Pa
cine; further, that the Canadian
Northern. If It remained as a separate
ystem, would, require $70,000,000 of
new capital within the next five years
A summary or the financial re
qulrements of the companies men
tioned shows an estimated annual
deficit of $12,500,000 to be met at the
present time. The report concludes
mat 11 is not possible to form a prl
vate company or companies to carry
Against Puhllc Ownership.
The commissioners do not regard
government ownership of Canadian
railways as the solution of the prob
lent. On this subject they say:
"In our judgment it Is not in the
Interests of Canada that the opera
tlon of its railways should be In the
hands of the government We know
no country in the world where a
democratic state owns and operates
Its railways. In which politics has not
Injuriously affected the management
of the railways and the railways hare
not had an Injurious influence on
"We do not think government own
ership of the Canadian railways would
tend to reduction of rates, but rather
in the contrary direction. I'or the
carriage of one ton of freight on
mile the Canadian shipper pays at
present on the average three-fourths
of 1 cent. On the railways of Nw
South Wales, the oldest and most Im
portant Australian state, where the
railways have been in government
hands from the outset, the shipper
pays well over 2 cents. But we see
no cause to enlarge here on such gen
eral considerations. There are sev
eral reasons peculiar to Canadian con
dltlons why state ownership and ope
ration should be avoided."
One of the special reasons against
the extension of Government opera
tion. In the opinion of the commis
sioners. Is that In fairness It would
require the Government to purchase
the Canadian Pacific, which otherwise
might be ruined by competition in
rates by a Government with the tax
payer behind It.
Linen la States.
"Another strong argument against
Government operation." the report
continues, "is to be found In the fact
that the three great Canadian com
panies amongst them either own.
lease, or control, no less than 7.000
miles of railway situated In the
United States. And some at least of
these lines are necessary economic
complements of the Canadian systems.
It Is clearly Impossible that tho Do
minion government should be subject
ed, not only to the regulating au
thority of the Interstate Commerce
Commission and the several street
railway commissions of the United
States, hut also to the police regu
lations of all the States which these
lines enter. We cannot think that
such a situation would conduce to
As the only feasible alternative the
report recommends that the Canadian
people take over the control of the
Grand Trunk, Grand Trunk Pacific,
and Canadian Northern, that they be
united Into one system which it is
proposed to call the Dominion rail
ways, and that they be operated by
a board of trustees, who would
acquire the stock of the three com
panies and maintain the rights of
bond and debenture holders undls
tuibed. The Government would en
ter into no direct relation with sX
curity holders, but would undertake
toward the trustees the obligation to
find any necessary margin between
fixed charges and net operating in
come. It is proposed that the Intercolonial
and the National Transcontinental
railways, which are now- operated di
rectly by tiie Canadian government,
be handed over to the trustees and
operated as part of the Dominion
railways. The report recommends
that the trustees be prohibited by act
of Parliament from making any
general t eduction of tates until their
property cams a reasonable net re
turn. Seien-Year Terms.
The trustees would be named In
the first instance by the act of Par
liament creating- the board,, which
thereafter would be self-perpetuating
except that further nominations
by the board would require confirma
tion by the governor general in coun
cil. The trustees would serve for
periods of seven years and be eligible
for renomlnaiion and reappointment.
The report suggests that three of the
five should be men of railway experi
ence, while one of the others should
be selected on the ground of experi
ence in financial and business affairs
and the other as possessing the con
fldence of railway employes.
Helped by Canada.
"We go further and consider that
in the case at 'lit. Canadian Pacific
railway, as to which the Government
does Instruct us 10 advise, the fact
that It received large help from pub
lic sources In Its early (Jay, is not
any teason why the existing status of
me company juquiq now oe uisiuru-
ed. Tills company has carried out HH
bargain. It has repaid to the Govern
ment large advances mado in earlier
years. We believe that Canada has
hail good value for what It has given.
"We think that it is In the Interest
of thevcountry mat this ompany
should be rlcn and prosperous, for
.inch eompanlei .-an be expected, not
only to give Lie best servic, but to
be best able to provide In time ti.
meet new developments as they
arise. We have had no hesitation,
therefore. In coming to the conclu
sion that the statns of the Canadian
Pacific railway should be left un
disturbed. "But In the case of the Canadian
Northern, the Grand Trunk and the
Grand Trunk Pacific the circum
stances are not normal. These com
panies have broken down. We see
no way to organize new companies
to take their place. Their only pos
slble successor is In our view a pub
lic authority. We are confronted
with a condition and not a theory."
SUGGESTS THAT U.S.
American Writes of Mistakes Made
by Dominion in Early War Days.
If the United States Is "wise" It
will study carefully the mistakes and
successes of Csnada during its two
years and a hair part In the European
A-ar, and be benefited by them In Its
Canada made the grievous error of
sending to the front at first those
readily available and best trained of
ficers, leaving but few behind to train
the recruits for field service.
Another mistake made by Canada
was letting down the medical bar
rier in order to raise large bodies of
troops. These men were trained, sent
to Europe, only to be returned as
physically unfit for, war purposes,
Letter to Wasalosjtonlaa.
These thoughts are expressed In a
letter received in Washington today
by John D. Howe, of 1105 K street
northwest, from Henry G. Kelly, a
nephew, who is manager or Dun's
Commercial Agency In Toronto. Mr.
Kelly is an American.
In hls'letter, he says:
"We. In Canada, have learned many
things and profited greatly by being
constantly able to study Industrial
and political policies of the United
States, but the shoe is on the other
foot now and the. United States, If
she Is wlsej will study very closely
the successes and mistakes which
have been made in Canada during this
"Those who have the slightest
kno vledge of the situatipn. and re
sults obtained here, will not dispute
the statement thatTno greater mis
take could be made than to attempt
to raise a great army by the volun
tary method; there Is only one fair
and equitable way to do it and that
is, by universal service.
"One of the advantages of this sys
tem In the United States will be that
the eligible citizens of alien enemy
origion will be drafted into the army
with the rest of the population and
their presence there will have.a great
tendency to cheek any growth of un
friendly sentiment among their stay-
"I should say It would be a great
factor In minimizing the danger of
Internal troubles, with foreign-born
No Serious Trouble.
"Personally, I have always held that
there would be no serious trouble of
this kind; I have unlimited faith in
the great naturalizing ability of the
United States and when she has enter
ed the war and is thoroughly Into It,
I do not believe there will be any
trouble regarding German-Austrian
"It Is also to be hoped that the
press of the country will refrain from
putting this class of the population
In a defiant attitude by constantly
casting suspicion upon them; it
should be assumed that all citizens
(and even residents), of the United
States will be loyal and only those
who definitely prove themselves
otherwise should be set aside from
the rights and privileges of citizen
ship. "Another very grievous error which
was made in this country during the
early stages of the war, was (he send
ing In to the line "of battle, of the first
regiments raised, which compromised
the most rendlljr available and best
trained vfliccrs tnd men we had.
"It Is natural that the first calls un
der the voluntary system will bring
those who have had experience. If they
are lost In the early stages of the war.
It is difficult to replace them and the
training of 'green' men becomes corre
Let Donn Han.
"We have also from time to time
made the mistake of letting down the
standard of medical Inspection, with the
result that men have been trained for
months and sent overseas, at heavy ex
pense, only to be gfnt back as unfit for
the battlefield. Again, during the early
stages of the war, no attempt was made
(o classify andistar those men who
were especially equipped for munition
and other work almost, if not quite, as
Important as that of the battlefle:d.
"I do not for a moment wlh to ap
pear to criticise Canadian methods ; no
one could Justly do that; they have
been magnincent In this struggle, and
If the United States (as I believe she
will) does as well In proportion, sue
will throw a determining weight Into
"There Is nothing that would prove
more efficient than an early man
power census, with proper separations
of classes, etc. The mn shouM be
called automatically. according to
rlae, and thtre should be no room
for argument, ezcept In starred trades
and exceptions .allowed by the boards
appointed for tlat purpose."
MEN FITTED FOR WAR
IN BUT A FEW WEEKS
Ralph Crawr Tells of tlte Brief
Traiaiag Repired bj Cmdius.
NEW YORK. May X Training men to
take places In the trenches in France Is
only a matter of weeks and not months,
according to Major Charles F. Gordon
of the Forty-third Cameron Highland
ers. In. his speech before 2,000 members
of the Merchants' Association at the
Hotel Astor yesterday Major Gordon,
who is better known in this .country as
the author of the "Sky Pilot," under the
pen name of Ralph Connor, declared
that he had seen a Canadian battalion
take Its place In the firing line nine
weeks after It had completed recruiting
In Canada, and that he himself would
feel safe enough behind an American
organization with an even shorter
In acknowledging the ovation which
he received when he arose to speak.
Major Gordon said: "I accept your
generous welcome, not for myself but
for my comrades, and I believe that
they at least are worthy of It and
m6re. We wanted In this war not only
your help but your clear pronouncement
that when our people decided to go In
they were only keeping the faith."
There are some compensations for the
sacrifices of war. he said. It brings a
greater reverence for the things In the
common man. He told of seeing' the
battalion slip out of the, trenches In the
early dawn, across the slimy mud of no
man's land to the German wire barriers.
and of the tall sergeant-major who
guided 'his men through the only open
ing. Exaaple of Courage.
"One'star shell," he said, "outlined
his figure waving directions to the
men. When the next shell flared he
was down, but his men were pouring
Into the German trench. That bat
talion, which .mustred 504 men the
evening before, reported sixty-five
rifles next morning. That is cour
age. It Is something we who have
seen it can realize, though we can
never tell of It rightly, but it makes
us look upon men in a different way.'
lie .told, too, the story of Jlmmle
Hunter, a Highland stretcher bearer,
and.how he literally fought off death
long enough to report the names off
men who had been In his dressing
station before It was wiped out by
a shell. "And when I told that story.
and some other Instances of Jlmmle'j
work, to his mother in Winnipeg," he
said, "she was silent for a while, and
then ahe said: 'I dlnna grudge the
lad. major, and I wauldna hae him
back.' That Is the spirit which the
war has awakened In Canada and
throughout the empire."
Pomeroy Burton, manager of the
London Daily. Mail, said that five
weks Intercourse with all sorts of
people In this country had convinced
hint that w;hat was chiefly needed
here was a campaign to make people
understand the war. He continued.
"Five weeks of careful Inquiry con
vince me that the great majority of
people In this country believe the war
to be nearlng an end. They look upon
the entry -of the United States as a
part of the stage setting for the last
act of the great war drama.
Short War Fallacy.
"It Is the' short war fallacy in al
new- guise. But for this same short
war fallacy, the war might now be
nearlng the end indeed It, might be
over. The people of every nation now
engaged began with the firm convic
tion that they were in for a short
"That fatal theory has entered
largely into the war preparations of
even- country Involved. It has shaped
war policies. It has warped and mis
guided public sentiment. It has cost
countless thousands of human lives.
It has prolonged the war. It has been
Germany's strongest ally.
"I would recommend to those who
are shaping the program for war, as
a preliminary to all else, a great and
far-reaching campaign oflnformation
to make the, people understand this
war. The school rooms, the lecture
halls, the churches, the libraries, the
city halls, the public squares and the
movies all the meeting places of the
people in every State of the Union
should resound with the voices of
America's greatest and most forceful
speakers, telling the people and all
of the people the simple truth, the
basic facts about this war.
"This campfc'gn should be con
ducted on the same scale as If It were
a Presidential campaign, only the two
parties Instead of flooding the coun
try with Information about the vir
tues of one side and the defects of
tlie olher would be Joined together in
spreading all the facts about the war
which It is so essential for the peo
ple to know.
"Tell the story of how the war be
gan and the facta that went before.
"Tell the story of Belgium.
"Tell the story of the shooting of
Nurse Edith Cavell and Captain
"Tell the story of Rhelms Cathedral.
"Tell the shocking story of the Bel
"Tell the story of the starving pris
oners of war in Germany.
"Tell over again the story of the
Lusitanla, the Arabic arfd the Sussex.
"Tell the story of the sinking of tbe
Red Cross hospital ships.
"Tell the story of German machina
tions in this country since the war
"Throw the full light on these and
every other phase of the war that will
quickly lead the peorle to understand
the kind of enemy we are fighting.
"Then, and not before then, can the
full force of this .great country's man
power and resources be made effective
CONAN DOYLE WAR PROPHET
Reichstag It Told That Only He
Foresaw Present Conditions.
TIIE HAGUE. May .T. Tribute was
paid In the Reichstag committee J.o
A. Conan Doyle as the only correct
prophet of the present condition in
the European war.
The German secretary of the navy.
Admiral Capelle. said that the Ger
man Admiral Calster, usually quoted
as the Inventor of submarine war.
never even mentioned 1L The only
prophet of the present economic war
was the novelist Conan Doyle, he de
clared. GRAVES TO BE TOASTMASTER.
John Temple Graves Is to be toast-
master at the get-together dinner to
be held at the Wlllard May 14 by the
Chamber of Commerce In connection
with the "Forward ashington" cam
paign. It was announced at a meetlmr
of the board of directors last nicht. I
J. Kehoe 'was appointed delegate I
to the convention of th National s I
sociatlon of Manufacturers, to be 'ildt
In New York May l-i. is and 16. Presi I
dent A. Leftwlch Sinclair presided. I
For the District of Columbia and
Maryland Cloudy, probably rain lata
In temperature; gentle to raoderaU 11
northwest to 'northeast winds.
For Virginia Cloudy, probably rala
late tonight and on Friday; moderate
winds, becoming northeast.
The western disturbance of Wednes
day Is now over Texas, and with the
high pressure area to the northward
it hac caused general ralna and snowa
over the north and central West, and
rams in me central valleys and por
tions Of the Gulf Stutes. TlierVwera
also local rains and snowa In north
errrNew York and. northern New.Eng
land. Low temperatures confirms- -rent
In the west Gulf States, and there
were .leavy to killing frosts In the
Upper lake region.
Cloidy weather with rain will pre
vail 'lulte generally tonight and Fri
day Vast of the Mississippi river. s
cept In New England and eastern NeV
Low temperatures will continue
over the middle and northern districts
and moderate temperatures In the
Frost Is probable tonight In New
York, southern New England, and
northern New Jersey.
The winds along the New Fnrlsnrf
coast will be moderate northw'est to
north; on the middle Atlantic coaat
moderate northwest to northeastr on
the Muth Atlantic coast n,i.
southeast and south; on the Gulf coast
steamers departing today- for Kum.
pean ports will have moderate-northwest
winds with fair weather to the
Grand Banks. ,
I " "J- jzfll a. m. . u
' ? noon .... B
Ma. m 5J 1 p. m. K
VJI "Pratur for this data for toe
last 33 years, 80.
inCU TIDES. LOW TIDES.
1.09 a. m hatiarhf fitl.; . . v. . at
-Ml p. m.:' befit,, il "
SCS AND ilOOX TABLES.
Sun sets -:M p. m. Moon ssu -M . m
LUjnt automobile lamps at 7 p. m. .
Observations at United Malts Weather
Bureau stations, taken at s a. ra today.
seventy-flfth meridian Urns:
. Last :i hra.Barom- Last
stations, llbrh. Low. efr ?1 h- tTmv..
Abilene M u an near
Mbanr 41 40 r is n rt.
1, ..,." ,. !- .
Baltimore ' u (t
Bismarck..... it 3(
30 M Pt, cloudy
sou cXoaar ?
soj Cloudy -
30J( .01 Clear
30.00 Cloudy "
U .OS aoudy
30.E .03 aoudy
35A4 Clear .
3J.S3 .01 Cloudy i
30.tr Cloudy l
a.04 Clear ;,
30.01 cloudy i
30.13 Clear f
30.00 j Cloudy A.
30.I0 . Cloudy
S0-C4 - Pt. cloudy
Boston s 44
Buffalo z 31
Charleston 7 c
Calcaao ,. U 4
Cincinnati.... tz 44
Cleveland..... t 3
Denver. ... 41 a
Detroit K l
EI Paso.. . so K
Galreatoo...... 71 ;?
Helena.... 22 s
JacksonTlHa... K K
Kansas CKy. 4t 41
Los Anceles.. f zt
UlamL ita K u
Ntw Orleans.. ' :a
New Tork... J 4
Oklahoma..... ; l(
rnlladelphla.. (4 4.
Ptioenlx M -t?
Pittsburgh U 3
Portland. lie- 4t It.
Portland.Ore.. C U
Salt LskeCltrU 31
San Dleao. SI &s
San Francisco SS n
St. Loots...... Z3 4
St'raui j 4
San Antonio.. M It
Washington... ti 4S
Belasco "TaO Blue Paradise.'' :r p. m.
New National "The Yellow Jacket sa .
Po'fs New Toll Plajers In "Tho CindertUm
Man."3. and :Ii p. m.
a. r . iveun s vauaeniie. 3:1J and S:1S p. m.
Cayety Burlesque. 3:li and I -Si p. m. y
Loeir'a Columbia Photoplays. Hjo a. m . to
11 p. m.
Btrand Photoplays. 11 a. m. to 11 p. m.
Garden Photoplays. 11 a. m. to 1 p. m.
Interesting Events of Importance
Scheduled for Today.
Reception and tea to Mrs. Cobtirn by Dlsrrlet
branch. National Woman'a Party, 31 Madi
son place. 4 p. m.
Address. "Ranking- and Finance." hr John
Poole, Washington Chapter. American la
stltute of Banking. 1311 K atreet northwest,
s p. m.
Fifteenth annual spring festival. Neighbor
hood House. 470 N street southwest.
Meeting Board of Education. Franklin School.
4 JO p. m.
Addrers. "Waste, or What 4.pro.ore Women
Are Doing at Home." by Mrs. Elnora Mc
Donald Thompson, before Y. W. C A.. S p.
Lecture. "Life of a Forest Banger." by Will
C C Barnes, auspices. Franklin-Thomson
Parent-Teacher Association. Thomson
School. 7:30 d. m.
Original productions by members Twentieth
century Club, All Souls' Caurch. 10:30 a. m.
Minstrel show and dance, senior section.
adult department, stlrlty Protestaat Epis
copal Sunday school. New Masonic Temple.
:li d. m.
Special meeting. Retail Merchants' Associa
tion. Chamber of Commerce Booms. S pfra.
Meeting of Kansas state Society, Homo Club.
14 Jackson place, t p. m,
Meeting Cathedral Height Citizens' Associa
tion, st. Ainan a school, s p. m.
Vaudeville performances by Home club Play
ers. Immaculate Conception Hall. Seventh
and N streets northwest. S p. di.
Fifteenth annual May festival. Neighborhood
Afternoon tea In charge of College Equal
Suffrage headquarters, irj Rhode Island
arenuor4- p. m.
Masonic Naval Lodte. No. 4: Mt. Pleasant
I .No. 33; Illram, No. 10. Masonic Board of
Order of the Eastern Star Esther Chapter.
Odd Fellows Covenant Lodge. No. U; Co
lumbia. No. 10. and Phoenix, No. 3S.
Bebekahs Friendship Lodge. No. I.
Knights of Pythias Franklin Lodge. No. 3.
Lecture on "Vacation Books for Children.
before Cranch-Tyler Home and School As
sociation. Tyler School, Eleventh and O
streets southeast. S p. m.
Lecture. "Timothy, or tho Pint Days of tho
Christian Itinerary." by tho Rev. L. M.
Bennett. Douglas Memorial Methodist Epis
copal Church. Eleventh and H stmts north
east. 7:30 u. m.
Baseball. Washington va. New Torlc. Ameri
can League Park. 3 30 p. m.
Meeting. Southern Society of Washington,
small ballroom. New Wlllard. S p. m.
May meeting. Illinois Socletv of Washington.
New Ebbltt. p. m.
Illustrated lecture. "The Philippines and tho
IFearthiinter t.v fl.a Aim D. .. 0.
Paul's Parish Hall, for hencnl Hectors' Aid
Society, s p. m.
WHALES KILLED BY MINES
Many Found In North Sea With
Heads Blown Off.
LONDON, May 3. England has a
new ally in the fight against German
mines. Many reports are coming
from the North sea of dead whales
being found with their heads blown
off. presumably after bumping the
norns 01 mines.
It Is suggested that the admiralty
might open a training school to teach
the sea monsters to hunt for mines.
DIED FROM NATURAL CAUSE.
Coroner Nevltt today gave a certifi
cate of death from natural causea In
the case or iirs. Margaret T. Flux-
bsum. who died at l,mergrncy Hos
pital last night within fifteen min
utes after being taken there from her
home. PJ9 F street northeast.
Mr Ilushlttan was found Ivlnc-
across her bed seriously III by Iter
husband.' Charles riuxbaum. when he
lettirncd from work yesterday She
n.ni not been in goon Health for soma