Newspaper Page Text
With 1:30 Wall Skeet
Rain Tonight: Saturday, Cloudy and Continued CooL
Full Report on Editorial Page.
WASHINGTON, FRIDAY EVENING. MAY 4, 1917.
PRICE ONE CENT.
IN RESERVE CORPS
Commiss'oBer te Eiter Crap
at Fort Myer.
PASSES THE PHYSICAL TEST
Strain f Sordid Cenf esseis
Causes Piyskal Collapse..
NEW COMPROMISE RUMORED
ASSURES CHEAPER I
BRITISH AT ARRAS
GAS IN GEORGETOWN,
Utilities Board Aitborizes;
Haig Forced to Give Up Po
sitions Won Yesterday.
LAUNCHES ANOTHER DRIVE
Mereer of Companies.
frO PERMIT UNIFORM PRICE
Washington Company Already Car
ries Majority of Other Stock.
Cheaper gas for residents of George
town virtually is assured undsr an
order issued by the rubllc Utilities
Commission today, authorizing the
mirchase by the Washington Gaa
Light Company of the properties of
the Gerogetown Gas Light Company.
That the merger of the two com
panies would be authorized by the
rammlinlnn was Dredlcled exclusive
ly in The Times several weeks ago.
In its application, tne aaningi.on
Gaa Light Company states that the
rnni.itinn of the stock of the
Georgetown company would render
possible economies in me proaucuun
and distribution of gas. which would
reduce the cost thereof and make
possible a uniform price of gaa to
consumers in aji paxia 01 mo "-
Hold. Majority 'of Stork.
The Washington Gas Light Com
pany carries on its books a majority
of the stock of the Georgetown Gas
Light Company, 3,530 shares pur
chased at a cost of J172.004. There
are in addition 2,470 shares which
the Washington Gas Light Company
la authorized to buy at 14L25 a
The eoTiraisslon, in its order, statel
that it "has carefully considered the
petition and believes that the acquisi
tion of the slock of the Georgetown
Gas Light Company by the Washing
ton Gas Light Company would result
In equalizing the price of gas in the
District of Columbia to all consum
Cosaaalsslon 'Within Powers.
The commission further states that
It is of the opinion that the public
'utility law gives it ample power and
authority to auinorize me acquisition
by the Washington Gas Light Com
pany of this stock.
It is ordered that the Washington
Gaa Light Company shall not sell the
stock without the consent of the
Public Utilities Commission.
j P0IER BOND ISSUE
CoBmissiraers Approve Sale for
CoBstrnction and Repairs.
Orders authorizing the issuance
and sale of $1,047,500 in 0 per cent
bonds by the Potomac Electric Power
Company were Issued by the Public?
Utilities Commission today.
The proceeds from the sale of the
bonds are to be used for the payment
of costa of extensions, additions, bet
terments, and improvements and for
reimbursement of funds expended for
Among the estimated expenditures
for construction are the enlargement
of the Benping power plant and In
stallation Of a 15.000 kilowatt tur
bine. J 200,000; addition to building
at Fourteenth and C streets north
west. $32,000; conduit. $60,750; exten
sion of underground system, $40,125;
extension of street lighting incan
descent, underground, $30,250; exten
sion of overhead system, $25.K25;
meters. $31,600, and poles and feed
The company is directed to kep
separate and accurate accounts show
ing the receipt and application In de
tail of the proceeds of the bonds. On
or before January 15 and July 15
the company is required to make
rerified reports to the commission
until the bonds have been nold and
the proceeds expended, stating the
sale of the bonds during the previous
six months, the terms and conditions
of sale, moneys realized therefrom
and the use and application of such
GOOD NEWS FOR
The Times will seek to assist
its readers by publishing each
day a list of food articles which
on the day following will be pur
chasable at lower prices than
those which hare prevailed. This
list represents consultation by
Times representatives with the
proprietors of more than 100
stores, some one of which is near
you. Tomorrow's (Saturday's)
cut price foods include:
Calf livers Trout
Chuck roast beef Cucumbers
Pot roast beef Texas onions
Smoked sugar Beets
cured hams New potatoes
Fresh Potomac Creamer butter
herring Large can tuna
Veal chops fish
Canned peas, tomatoes, aspar
agus, peaches, and corn are also
lower for tomorrow.
Fruits and some vegetables are
well cleaned up at former prices
due to the usual heavier demand
for today and tomorrow.
Peas and cucumbers are really
the only plentiful vegetables on
Lens Three-Quarters Encircled as
Result of Furious Fighting.
LONDON. May 4. The tremendous
weight of German reserves flung vio
lently into the line of the British ad
vance has forced a slight falling
back of British troops from advanced
positions captured yesterday. Field
Marshal Haig reported today.
His statement, however, revealed
progress on an entirely new sector
from that In which the British drive
of the past forty-eight hours has
heretofore centered northeast of'St
Quentin and northeast of Harglcourt.
"At night around Cherisy apd also
astride the Arras-Cambral road we
were compelled to fall back from ad
vanced positions captured yesterday,"
the British commander-in-chief an
nounced. "We further progressed
northeast of PL Quentin and north
east of Harglcourt. where we cap
tured Malakoff farm."
Launches Another Drive.
Harglcourt, from where Haig has
launched a new drive. Is two miles
distant from the main German line of
communications between Cambrai and
St. Quentin. But little fighting has
been reported from this sector for
the past ten days.
"The village of Frenoy and our posi
tions north and south mere subject to
hostile counter-attacks yesterday aft
ernoon but the position were maintain
ed and the enemy repulsed." Half's
"At Bullecourt and east the enemy
heavily counter-attacked during the
evening along the sector of the cap
tured Hlndenburg line."
Leva Almost Eaelrrled.
Lens was three-fourths encircled to
day. The British grip on the coal city
now twists from Loos on the north,
southward through Llevin. Glvenchy.
Vimy. and eastward to around Acheville
and Fresnoy. It Is around the last two
towns that the heaviest fighting was cen
tering today. There the British turning
of the Wotan line was made complete
by rupture of the so-caled "switch line"
from Oppy north to Drocourt. In fighting
which has been almost continuous sines
Further' Ihe south, en the twelve
mile front! over which Field Marshal
Haig is staging his attack the British
have driven a wedge through the Hln
denbtrrg front Here. too. the fighting
was continuing In desperate intensity
today after hardly a let-up in twent
Not a Shot Fired on Austrian
Lines for Month.
By WILLIAM fi. SIlEPnEIin.
PETROGItAD. May 4. A virtual
armistice exists along almost the en
tire Russian frontier today. Not a
shot has been flrd on the Auetro
Russlan front in more than a month
There has been no real activity In the
German-Russian sector. At many
places Russian and German soldiers
are fraternizing, meeting unarmed.
So general has become the habit of
fraternizing and so completely has
the fighting spirit been subdLed that
General Gourka. commander of Hus
sion forces on the Minsk front, today
Issued a formal statement warning
his forces to beware of a German
ruse. He contended the Germans
friendliness was part of their plan to
obtain information of Russian condi
tions. FRENCH GAIN AROUND RHEIMS.
PARIS, May 4 "Further progres"
northeast of Rhelms in a combat
featured by violent cannonading was
reported in the war office statement
In the woods west of Mont Cor
nfllet a German attack was repulsed
with grenades West of the Meuse
the statement said a French raiding
party obtained success in Avocnurt
WILSON MAY EXPRESS
VIEWS ON HOME RULE
Believes Great Britain Should Give
Self-Gorernment to Ireland.
President Wilson Is expected to ex
press definitely In the very near fu
ture his views on the question of
home rule for Ireland He Is known to
believe- that Great Britain should
jleld a a war measure to the agila
tlon now sweeping this country.
Within the past week the most paw
erful pressure has been brought to
bear upon the Administration to urge
Irish home rule, and hundreds of In
ters and telegrams on the subject have
reached the President
Senators Thomas J. Walsh of Mon
tana, and James I Phelan of Call
fornla. are to call at the White House
late todav and Invite President Wll
son to deliver an address at the Ns
tlonal Museum at the ceremonies at
tending the unellng of the bust -r
Robert Kmmet. the Irish patriot. whi
was executed In lMi.1
Those close to the President were
of the opinion today that he would !
accept the Invitation and take the o
casion to give expression to his earn
est hope that the principle of democ
rary he exercised by Great Britain
toward Ireland. j
The Suppression of the U-Boat Menace the Supreme
Duty of the Hour.
The U-boat menace must be crushed, and America must crush it. England has her
hands full in holding the German navy back in her own narrow waters and in policing
all the great highways of the world a tremendous work handled in a tremendous way.
Moreover, her resources are strained to capacity in the upkeep of her navy; the upkeep
of her vast fleet of cargo and other ships; the output of new ships; the output of muni
tions and flying machines; the output of the millions of other things necessary in the
prosecution of war on the most colossal scale ever known, and the output of the other
millions of things imperatively necessary in the daily outworking of a great nation.
And what is true of England in this respect is equally true of France. France can
do no Tnorethan she is doing. There is not an idle wheel in all the nation that might
be turned to the work of overcoming the U-boat peril, and there is not a wheel turning
out munitions or other necessities of war that could be diverted to anti-submarine pur
poses without reducing the output of munitions.
The responsibiliy, therefore, of ridding the waters of the world of the submarine
scourge falls upon America. America must accept the responsibility, must measure up
to it, and measure up to it quickly. With a weekly destruction of four hundred thous
and tons of shipping, there is no time to be lost. Every day counts; every hour counts;
every minute counts, in our getting started on the production of a fleet of three thous
and ton ships, freight carrying gunboats, a thousand of them, three thousand, five thous
With such a swarm of ships, armed to the teeth and like a vast pack of bloodhounds
hunting down the submarine, the submarine menace would be short lived. No nation,
nor- dozen nations, could turn out submarines fast enough to match these bloodhounds of
the sea, or could stand the colossal expense of their production.
The three thousand ton ship is a practical freight carrier, a practical means of keep
ing the channels of commerce open, and withal, armed for offensive warfare, its effici
ency -would be scarcely less than that of a gunboat superior, in respect to the smaller
target it would furnish the submarine and its guns would be as effective in destroying
the submarine as those of a big battleship.
The three thousand ton ship, standardized, can be turned out rapidly and at 'rela
tively little cost. Of course, a percentage of them would be lost, but the loss and'here
is where the advantage of the small ship comes iri the loss would ,be inconsequential
to the Government as compared with that of the big ship.
Merchant ships built for peace times, or the boats of the navy, from the smallest
fighting machine to the big battleship, are no.t suited to submarine warfare, not suited in
the offensive to the sleuthhound work of hunting down these undersea monsters. The
three thousand ton ship is suited to this work, preeminently suited to it.
We must clear the ocean of the submarine menace before we can justify ourselves
in risking the lives of our soldiers in sending them to the battlefields of France. The
crying necessity of the hour with us is to commandeer all the forces of the nation, the
man force, the machine force, the factory force, to commandeer the steel mills, the
munition plants, the forests of the country and all the shipyards we now have and all the
places where shipyards may be constructed, and concentrate the combined energy of
all these forces on the production of these three thousand ton ships.
The urgency of an immediate start toward the production of these ships is made
clear by the fact that if we were to start work today it would be six months before the
first delivery c6uld be made, and in six months, with the destruction of shipping going
on at the rate of four hundred thousand tons a week, a rate that may very well be largely
increased, it is obvious that we have no time to lose if we are to furnish practical aid to
Great Britain and her allies before it is too late.
In this respect, Count von Bernstorff said before he left America that "the U-boats
would bring Great Britain and her allies to starvation in six months by sinking one
million tons of shipping a month." Secretary Lane, in vividly presenting the danger of
the submarine, refers to this reported statement of Count von Bernstorff, adding that
in the place of one million tons of shipping a month the U-boats are now sinking at the
rate of one million seven hundred thousand tons a month.
With all the available resources of the nation suited to the production of the three
thousand ton boat centered on this work, the output, after the first delivery, should be
many complete boats a day, running up to perhaps forty or more complete boats a day.
This conclusion is based on an interview in The New York Sun Wednesday morning
with Mr. Charles W. Morse, a practical shipbuilder, a man literally born and bred in
the shipyard and who knows shipbuilding as he knows the letters of his alphabet an
interview in which he stated that with the resources of the country at his command he
could turn out, complete, within one year, five thousand 3,000 ton boats, some of them
wood and some of them steel. It is our belief that the Government has adopted the three
thousand ton ship idea and is preparing, as Governments prepare, to launch the work of
their production in great numbers.
But preparing as Governments prepare, talking, discussing, arguing, committee"
izing, with time, valuable time, vital time, running over the dam, isn't good enough in
an emergency like this. Neither is it good enough to jockey for terms, to quibble over
prices, to weigh and measure the relative merits of constructing these ships on contract
or on a percentage basis. Nothing is good enough, in fact, at this juncture and with the
critical urgency of the situation nothing is good enough that interposes delay.
The thing to do is to get some ships started now, and to get started on a commis
sion basis, then polish off the job later get better prices, work out improvements, any
thing that will be of advantage to theGovernment and produce better fighting machines.
But the conception we already have of a simple, three thousand ton freight carrying
boat, practically a tramp freighter, fully armed for offensive warfare, is a good enough
machine to start on, and God knows we should get started instantly.
FRANK A. MUNSEY.
Wants to Be a Fh-st Amy Seat
Aspiring to be among the first
Americana to defend the colors in
FranceOHver P. Newman, president
of the Board of Commissioners, will
enter the Officers" Training Camp at
Fort Myer, about May IS.
"With the approval of President
Wilson," said Commissioner Newman
In a statement issued today. "I have
arranged to take leave- of absence to
enter the Officers- Training Camp at
Fort Myer and remain until I dem
onstrate either my fitness or unfit
ness for military service." If I qujllfy'
I shall resign as Commissioner and
hope to be in the first army aent to
"I feel very strongly that It Is Im
perative for the United. States to dem
onstrate that it means business, and,
also, that we can do buslnes. That
means we must organise an effective
army in the very shortest nossible
time, and that means the War Depart
ment must make officers In the short
est possible time. Therefore, it Is es
sential that men who can be made into
officers quickly make themselves
available for training. -
Passes Physical Test.
"My practical military training.
business experience and physical con
dition. I believe, make me good ma
terial, and consequently I have placed
myself In the hands of the depart
ment to be whipped Into shape if I'axn
Commissioner Newman passed the
physical examination at Fort Myer
today and signed the oath of enlist
ment to the training' camp, which
carries with it the oath to accept mili
tary service if given a commission.
His prior military training was re
ceived at the United States Military
Academy In 1SST and 1888.
The president of the Board of Com
missioners is the second of the family to
offer his services in defense of the flag.
His stepson. Gilbert E. Blxby, was re
cently given a commission In the regu
lar army as a second lieutenant.
May Be Tw Vacancies.
Should Commissioner Newman receive
his commission, as Is confidently ex
pected, there probably will be two va
cancies on the Board of Commissioners.
Engineer Commissioner Charles W.
Ktux Is -expecting orders transferrlzur
nim to active held duty at any time.
The news that Commissioner New
man Is seeking to enter the Officers
Reserve Corps came as a surprise to
officials of the District building and
there were many expressions of re
gret at his departure. He has held the
office of Commissioner four years.
Commissioner Newman recently
passed his fortieth birthday.
IN PURE MILK DRIVE
Campaign of Times Indorsed by
Twentieth Century Gob.
The Twentieth Century Club, one of
the largest women's organisations in
the District, has declared Itself In fa
vor of the campaign of The Washing
ton Times to obtain strict enforce
ment of the laws against the importa
tion Into Washington of unlicensed
and Impure milk.
Resolutions were unanimously pass
ed at a meeting of the club yesterday,
commending The Washington Times
for the active fight waged to secure
enforcement of pure milk laws, and
Indorsing all efforta by the authorities
for the presecutlon or those milk deal
ers against whom libels have been
filed by the District Health Depart
ment. The resolutions are as follows:
-Whereas, the prosecution of milk
dealers violating the laws governing
the shipment of milk Is delayed
owing to a disagreement as to
whether cases should be tried by the
United States Court of the city court,
"Whereas, the safe guarding of the
city's milk supply Is dependent upon
the carrying out of the provisions of
"Therefore, be It resolved. That we.
the women of the Twentieth Century
Cluh. do hereby commend the action
of The Washington Times In giving
publicity to the fact that under pres
ent conditions .milk Is not properly
safe, guarded 13 the District.' and to
endorse all efforts for the full prose
cution of any and all offenders
against the law.
"lie It further resolved. That a
copy of these resolutions be sent to
The Washington Times and to the
Health Office of the District of
Annual Event Put Over Until Tues
day Because of Weather.
The annual parade of the Washing
ton High School Cadet Corps haa been
postponed from today until Tuesday
at 430 o'clock because of inclement
weather. Assistant Superintendent of
Schools Kramer, In charge of military
affairs, announced today. ,
Ma Gen. Hugh U Scott, chief of
staff of the army, who was to have
reviewed the cadets today, would
have been unable to attend because
of war duties. MaJ. Gen. Tusker H.
miss was named to act In his place.-
DISTANT QUAKE RECORDED.
An earthquake of "fairly severe"
proportions, occurring at a great dls
tance from here, was recorded by the
seismograph of Georgetown Univer
sity last night, beginning at 8:43 and
continuing until 8:30 o'clock. It was
Defease Gases aaa Cense far
By ROBERT B. BERMAXX,
CHRISTIANSBUnO. Va, May 4
Broken by the weight of her own dis
grace, self-told to save- her husband
from tne electric chair. Mrs. Charles
E- Vawter was unable today to re-,
surae the stand for continued cross
examination. The strain of yesterday's sordid
confessions so upset her that she re
mained In bed at her home In Blacks
burg. She spent the night there witi.
her husband, who is 03 trial forithe
murder of Stockton Heth, Jr.
After producing- two witnesses, who
testified that Vawter was not drunk:
the evening of the Killing, the de
fense closed Court then recessed to
allow the Commonwealth to confer
with First Lieut. Clement C. Hsth.
brother of the slain man.
Rumors again spread that a com
promise verdict was being considered.
A cold, chilling drlxxie seemed" to
hold up proceedings a little this morn
ing, and for the first time since ther
trial began the session was a fsw
minutes late In opening.
Bank Cashier Heard.
Robert Flagg, cashier of the bank
at Blacksburg. was the first wltneu
summoned by the defense. Attorney
Colhoun simply brought out the fact
that Flagg had been with Heth the.
night before the shooting, and that
Heth was not drinking at that timet
Cross-examination was waived.
P. W. Winter, a Blacksburg hotel
keeper, was then called. He said" ha
had seen Vawter the night before
the shooting and Vawter was not
drinking. Winter testified that Vaw
ter was looking for his wife, who
was at a rehearsal with an amateur
theatrical .society. Cross-examination
was waived In his case, too, and
the defense rested.
Mr. Lee announced that the Com
monwealth would require twenty-five
or thirty minutes for conference, and.
a reeesa was called.-dflring which tha
proseeutora,.tslked with Lieutenant
ntuijiiun i-ommonweaitn attor
ney's chamber,, and Vawter conferred
with hla attorneys .in their private
The reaLaentatlon of tha trial over.
with the testimony of Mrs. Vawter
ended, the courtroom was not nearly,
aa crowded and was far more orderly
Recess Caused Tenslsa.
There was a marked tension In tha
court room this morning when the
Commonwealth asked for a respite-.
No one had any idea what was being
planned, but there have been so many
sensations that the observer rather
gets into the habit of looking for a
shock as the expected instead of other
wise. Vawter had been late getttng fa
from Blacksburg. He was composed
as he walked Into the court room, ex
cept for the apparently perpetual red
stains that covered every exposed
portion of his face and neck.
Asked about his wife, he seemed
a little worried.
"She was under an awful strain, of
course." he said. "But I guess she'll
be all right. She's sleeping lake to
day." He did not stay long in conference
with his attorneys, returning before
they did. during the recess. Somehow
or other his greatest concern seemed
to be for his growing baldness. For
four days now he has constantly
fingered the spot, carefully, tenderly,
like a surgeon probing a delicats)
The trial has Inured him, 'to public
ity, and he seems to enjoy it In an al
most uncanny way. He looks with
quite a friendly gaze at the reporters
who literally rub elbows with him in
court, borrows their newspapers and
makes comment to his counsel that
are distinctly audible.
Telia ef Lsndos Days.
During the hour and a half of con
ference between counsel. Prof. Vaw
ter. for the first time put aside his
reserve and chatted intimately with
reporters. There were pathetic, hd
man touches as he told of his days
in London at the Central Technical
He described his acquaintance with
Miss Alrdon, daughter of Prof Airdon,
under whom he studied. Miss Alrdoa
was married by Israel Zangwlll He
told a couple of amusing anecdotes.
"We used to go rowing on the
Thames," he said, "but I couldn't row
and she used to take the oars away
from me. I hated that."
Then he passed on to tell how
strict the dress conventions in Eng
land were at that time, a score o
"I remember one night 1 went to
Prof. Alrdot.'s house for a dance."" hs
said, with an amused quirk of his
lips, "and 1 forgot to bring my gloves.
I never felt so bad in my life, and
then a young buck came in and took
off his gloves and laid them on the
table I certainly did want to steal
He Kinds a Classmate.
Then he found that one of the report
ers .was a classmate of his at the Uni
versity of Virginia. They were still
swapping stories when, at 11:20 o'clock,
the lawyers for the prosecution filed
Into the court room, and the trial was
Mrs. Virginia Longley Vawter. wid
owed moth-r of the prisoner came In
as oon as the recess ended and sat
beside her son. She was clad al In black
aae for the soft grey trimming on the
black tcque which surmounted her whit
hair She brought a new and vastly
humin touch to the trial. I
She Is a homely figure, rather stocky,
and typically motherly. Tears stood la
h?-.. ,i?-3S... .- w"