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Fair Tonight and Wednesday; Continued Warm
Full Report on Editorial Page
With 1:30 Wall Street
WASHINGTON. TUESDAY EVENING. JUNE 19, 1917.
PRICE ONE CENT.
IN CRUGER CASE
Thugs Attack Woman Who
Gave Important Tip.
ESCAPES BY WINDOW LEAP
Buried Motorcycle Uniform Fits
NEW" YORK, June 19. Deeper
channel of crime apparently opened
ttoday as police, private detectives,
&nd the district attorney's office
delved Into the sordid pools of lust
and murder which swept the pretty
schoolgirl, Ruth Cruger, to her death.
Shortly after midnight consuelo
Larue, a young woman who said she
had furnished Mrs. Grace Humlston
with the information which I'd to the
finding of the Cruger girl's body, was
found, hysterical and maimed. In a
vacant Jot beside an apartment build
Jng at 115 West Eightieth street.
Screams brought a policeman run
ning to the spot. Miss Larue was
half clad. Her left leg was broken in
two places. She had Jumped from a
''He's up there," she moaned.
Asked what she meant, she said:
Grabbed Her by Throat.
"The men. Two men came and said
they had a telegram for me. One
grabbed me by the throat and said.
I guess you'll not tell any more. 1
Jumped out of the dining room win
dow. I preferred that death to the
kind they gave Ruth Cruger."
Then the young woman asked that
Irs. Humlston be notified that "the
girl who gave her the tip on where
Ruth Cruger's body would be found
Mrs. Humlston was notified. One re
port was that the woman lawyer went
to the hospital where Miss Larue was
'being treated, but was ordered from
the TOom by the police. She Is said
to have declared she knew Miss La
rue for some time. At the hospital
all Information was refused today,
and from police sources came the
suggestion that the Larue girl's mind
had been unbalanced by reading of
the Cruger crime.
In addition to this glimpse of the
hand of the "white slave ring" which
Sfxs. Humlston asserts 4s trapping,
debauching, and murdering girls like
Ruth Cruger In New Tork every day,
strong links In the chain of evidence
against the slayer of Ruth Cruger
Uniform Fits Suspect.
A motorcycle uniform was found
buried with the roped body of the
high school girl under the cellar of
the Cocchl shop, and was tried on the
unusually tall form of Victor Blady,
a chauffeur held In connection with
the crime. Although he Is six feet
five Inches tall, the suit fit him per
fectly. Close questioning compelled Blady
to admit he lied at the Investigation
In March in saying he was not In Coc
chl's shop the day Ruth Cruger was
Questioned by Assistant District At
torney Doollng, Blady admitted hav
ing been In Cocchl's shop the night
of February 13. This is the same
eight Cocchl Is believed to have let
the roped body down into the cellar
through a trap door he cut In the
floor of his shop and to have started
digging the girl's grave. Blady swore
he left the shop at 0:30 that night.
He admitted three other men were
there, and he gave their names to
The body of Ruth Cruger was
buried today, somewhere in the coun
try. Morbid curiosity was given no
glimpse of the funeral cortege.
GREEK KING ADHERES
TO FATHER'S POLICY
(Special Cabte to The Timet.
LONDON", June 19. The publication
of the proclamation of the new Kin,;
Alexander of Greece comes as a shock
to England, France, and Italy. The
new and youthful monarch pledges
himself to carry out "the brilliant
policy of his revered father," the no
torlously pro-German Constantlne,
and uses the language of an absolute
The press of the allied nations de
mands If It has been hoodwinked una
If another German diplomatic trick
has succeeded In the Balkans. There Is
a universal demand that If King Alex
ender attempts to follow any such
course as did Constantlne he be in
stantly ejected without ceremony,
that the allies take direct -ontr-d .f
the country, establish Venizelos In
power and keep him there by force if
TO TRY NEW PEACE PLAN
Russian Prisoners Will Be Returned
STOCKHOLM, June 19. Germany
Is planning shortly to return a large
number of Russian prisoners. In the
hope of Increasing the separate peace
sentiment In Russia, according to
word received here today.
Rigid Tests For Draft Army
Only Beat Specimens of
Be Selected. About 40 Per Cent May
The War Department has determined in a large measure
the physical requirements of men who will be drafted into the
national army for service abroad. If you do not answer these
requirements you will probably be exempt from the coming
Be not less than 5 feet i inches, nor more than 6 feet high.
Have lungs and heart well-nigh perfect; any heart "mur
Have good hearing and sight, although color blindness is
not necessarily a disqualification.
Have no chronic or mental disorders.
Possess all your fingers, toes, and both ears.
Have near perfect feet, "flat" or otherwise deformed
feet being sufficient cause for rejection.
Have at least four molar teeth.
Have no affections of the kidneys or chest.
FINEST PHYSICAL MANHOOD.
America's armies will be made up
of the finest physical manhood of
Army surgeons todsy estimated
that nearly 40 per cent of the men
brought to the colors by selective
draft will be rejected upon the first
physical scrutiny, so severe are the
examinations. Nesrly 1 .000,000 must
be drawn to get the 623,000 for the
first levy. At prerr"at the rejections
In the regular army average -40 to 60
per cent of the applicants.
The War Department has decided to
uphold the stilngent physical require
ments for the new selectlvd draft
armies. Only men with sound bodies
and In good health will be chosen
from the 9.000.000 or more available.
After undergoing the sever exam
inations Imposed by the army sur
geons, the chosen ones will form the
best army physically In the w orld. In
no other army are the pnyjical re
quirements so hard to meet. Even
Germany's vaunted armlet are picked
on a less stringent scale of require
ments. Consumes More Tbaa Hour.
The thorough examination usually
consumes more than an hour.
"This war will be won by young
men," said an official of the Medical
Corps. "That's why we will win
we've got the most and the best young
Petfnut politicians realised today
they had suffered a wracking body Jolt.
And, from certain quarters In Con
gress a lusty howl Is going up.
For the first time, many Congress
members learned today that many of
the exemption boards whl:h will
single out the men for America's ne-r
national armies are practically form
ed and ready for announcement.
Dozens of Congressmen who hove
been tirelessly busy In suggesting
"their men" for places on thesa
boards, upon learning with a shock
today that the boards were plckd
without the slightest attention having
been paid to their suggestions, ire
besieging the War Department de
manding to know how it happened.
MAJ. GEN. SCOH OFF
FOR RUSSIAN FRONT
Rear Admiral Glennon With Black
PETnOGnAD, June 10. Members
of the American mission have been
exceedingly busy In conferences with
various pro Inional government
heads. Major General Scott, the chief
of the mission, was to leave today for a
visit to the Russian front. Rear Ad
mlral Glennon nan with the Russian
battle fleet In the Black sea.
The members of the railroad com
mission, headed by John F Stevens,
have been in almost uninterrupted
conference with Russian transporta
tlon experts. Stevens himself has
been 111 from ear trouble and unable
to participate, but was expected to
be up and about with a few days.
Kormer Senator Root and other
civilian commissioners of the diplo
matic mlFsion hae been engaged In
a aeries of conferences with various
members of the ministry.
FORMER AUSTRIAN $5
Fined for Mounting Gun and Count
ing in German.
HAZLETON. Pa-. June 19 It cost
John Mlsko, of Stockton, a native of
Austria, now a naturalized citizen of
the United States, 15 to say In Ger
man. "Eln, zwel. drel," as he
mounted one of the guns of Battery
A, of Hazleton, during a parade here
after a Mar raising.
Mlsko told Mayor Harvey today he
served In the Austrian army when a
young man, and his patriotism f.
ply got the bett of him. The maor
replied that "kalserfsms are barred
here during the war."
Physical Manhood To
FRENCH TROOPS PARRY
VIOLENT GERMAN BLOW
Tentonic Waves Thrown Back in
PARIS, June 19. A violent German
attack on French positions made
Monday between Mont Blond and
Mont Cornlllet (Champagne sector)
was broken down in the French de
fensive fire, today's official report
The war office described the prelim
inary artillery struggle to this attack
as "most violent" and the enemy as
sault as a strong one. The German
waves were thrown back with heavy
losses and the French defenders took
a number of prisoners.
LONDON. June 19. A new offen
sive on the Macedonian front may
be In the making, according to the
view in certain circles here today of
radical rearrangements of-Frtncb and
British forces In northern Greece and
It now develops that the British
withdrawal from above the Struma
was mainly from a health standpoint.
It was pointed out here, however, that
the ul-horawal might also be part of
a general scheme to shorten the front
and Increase the strength of General
Scrrall's forces at the foremost point
of contact with the enemy.
Fighting on the British front was
confined to raiding operations, ac
cording to Field Marshal Kalg's re
MUNITION MEN YIELD,
TO PAY $10,000,000 TAX
Dispute Over Plant Costs Ends in
Eastern munitions factories must
contribute from ten to twenty million
dollars to the Government through
payment of internal revenue taxes, ac
cording to an agreement entered Into
today by the Treasury Department
and the manufacturers.
The disagreement between the mu
nitions makers and the Government,
which had become acute. Is ended.
In making their tax returns, manu
facturers deducted the cost of their
plants from net profits on the ground
that the factories would be a dead
loss after the war. The Treasury De
partment ruled the plants would not
be a loss after the war, and that there
fore they must be classed as Invest
ments. The agreement has e-hded talk of
CARRIES DYING PUPIL
TO HANGAR IN PLANE
Aviation Instructor Converts Aero
NEW YORK, June JO After his
pupil William K Carrothers, had
been knocked unconscious by one of
the whirring propeller blades of his
aeroplane at Hempstead, Long Island,
yesterday, M. Mathleu, an Instruc
tor with the Aviation Corps, placed
the Injured man In the observer's
neat and flew with him back to the
hangars. Sergeant Carrothers died
soon after arriving at the Nassau
Hospital. His skull was fractured.
SergeanI Carrothers formerly was
attached to the Knglneevs Corps at
West Point and had recently been as
signed to the Aviation Corps. He
was to have received a commission
within the next few days. He and
Mathleu had made an early morning
flight, when the engine began miss
ing, and they were compelled to
descend and tune It, The motor was
started again and was making 200
revolutions a minute when Carrothers
slipped and fell against It. One of
the revolving blades struck him on
WILL FLY TO D.C.
WITH MERCY PLEA
Woman Aviator to Drop Red
Cross Bombs Here.
TO ARRIVE SATURDAY NOON
Miss Stinson Coming via Air From
Buffalo, N. Y.
Katherlne Stinson, world famous
woman aviator. Is to make a specta
cular flight over Washington Satur
day morning and drop Red Cross
bombs to aid in the campaign to raise
$500,000 as Washington's quota of
the $100,000,000 national Red Cross
Miss Stlnson's arrival in Washing
ton will mark the end of a flight
from Buffalo, N. Y., from which city
she will bring the first contribution
to the 1100,000,000 and deliver it to
Secretary of the. Treasury McAdoo on
the south steps of the Treasury
Miss Stinson leaves Rochester to
morrow morning and will fly to Al
bany, and thence to 'New Tork, where
she will remain until Saturday morn
ing. Early Saturday she will start
for Philadelphia. She expects to
cover the distance In less than two
hours. After a demonstration In that
city, she will continue her Journey
and probably will arrive here before
Miss Stinson Is one of the most
daring woman aviators and has made
a name for herself, both In the United
States and abroad, for her aerial
achievements. She conducted an avia
tion school In California and trained
more than 150 Canadian flyers who
are now on duty in Northern France.
She also has visited the. Orient and
while there gave special demonstra
tions for the Mikado and for the
President of China.
To Make Theater Pleas.
Reasons why everyone should make
sacrifices at this time to contribute
to the 1300,000 Red Cross fund which
Washington Is raising will be voiced
over the footlights of local theaters
by prominent speakers, beginning to
day and continuing throughout the
week. AH addresses will be limited 4o
Ave minutes, andv.snea.kera are pre
pared to drive home the message of
"give, give, and give again."
Mrs. Archibald Hopklna Is to speak
at B. F. Keith's tonight. Commission
er Brownlow at the Belasco, and
(Continued on Second Page.)
PERSHING, AS FOOTMAN,
HONORS "PAPA" JOFFRE
American General Cheered as He
Opens Anto for Hero.
, . ..-
PARIS, June 10 The throng which
usually Inhabits the Rue Constantln,
In front of the spot where a great
American flag marks the headquarters
of Major General Pershing, got a new
thrill today and a new chance to
cheer the American commander.
Marshal Joffre, who had been con
ferring with General Tershlng for
more than an hour, emerged from the
There was an Immediate craning of
necks Behind "Papa" Joffre the
crowd discerned the tall, erect figure
of General Pershing. The two Idols
of Paris walked together to the curb,
w here JofTre's automobile waited.
And there Pershing swept aside the
crowd and himself opened the automo
bile door for his distinguished caller.
The two saluted formally, smiled
informally and Joffre speeded away.
Cheers greeted the incident, and the
crowd talked excitedly long after
ward over Pershing's democracy and
his courtesy to the elder soldier.
The American general Is now work
ing on a dawn to-dusk schedule of of
flee ioutlne Scores of conferences
are scheduled dally, and between theso
Pershing approves reports of his sub
ordinate staff officers, consults with
them, and personally familiarizes nlm
self with every detail of the arrange
ments for disposition of the army he
will command when it shall arrive
ADDS TO BOTANIC GARDEN
Senate BIN Increases Area of Capi
tol's Flower Pot.
On motion of Senator Galllnger the
Senate this afternoon passed the bill
Increasing the area of the United
States Botanical Garden by adding to
It tno tracts described as Kast Seaton
park and West Seaton park.
The' land Ilea between Third street
on the east and Sixth street on the
west and Missouri avenue on the
north and Maine avenue on the south.
The tno parks lie directly west of
the present site of the Botanic Car
den. RAILROAD LOANS TO CANADA
Canad.an Pacific Advances Ten Mil
lions for Munitions.
MONTREAL June 10. It la official
ly stated that the Canadian Tactile
Railway Company has losned the
Imperial Munitions Hoard flu 000.000
to assist In meeting financial require
ments for the purchase of munitions
In Canada during the next year.
GET BIG WELCOME
Mission From Petrograd
Finds America Real Ally.
DELEGATES' COSTUMES UNIQUE
Women in Party Give Added At
traction to Visiting Group.
With all the ceremony that attended
the reception of the other war mis
sions of the entente allies from Eu
rope, the Russian mission waa ws4.
corned to America's Capital this after
noon. Perhaps the Russian delegation was
more specta'cular than the other mis
sions, partly because of the unique
costumes and wealth of colors, but
particularly by the presence of the
women In the party.
Chief figure in the mission was Am
bassador B. A. Bakmetleff, heading
the commission. With him was &ime.
Bakhmetleff. Both have been In the
United States Before.
Escorted By Cavalry.
Secretary of State Lansing, Coun
selor Frank L. Polk, and Assistant
Secretary of State Long comprised the
official reception delegation.
Two trops of cavalry from Fort Myer
and a squad of motorcycle policemen es
corted the mission from the Union Sta
tion to the home of Hennen Jennings,
22a Massachusetts avenue northwest.
which will be the official headquarters.
The route to the Jennings house was
from the station to the Capitol plaxa, to
Pennsylvania avenue, to Fifteenth
street, south of the Treasury, north
through Madison plsce. to II street, to
Sixteenth street, to Massachusetts ave
nue. Personnel of Mission.
The personnel of the mission, as given
out by the State Department today. In
cludes the following, besides Ambassa
dor and Mme. Bakhmetlef:
Aide-de-camp, Captain of the Guard
Doubassoff. Omeltchenko, vice direct
or of the custom department. Attache
Karpovltch, of the chancery of the
department of war.
Ministry of war Lieutenant Gen-
eral Roop, representative of the Rus
sian array: Captain Lebedeff, aide-decamp
to Oeneral Roop; Captain Chutt,
Ministry of ways and communica
tions Prof. Lomonosoff, member of
the council of engineers, representa
tive of ministry of ways and com-
munlcatlons, head of the railroad-mis
sion; M. Kuprlanoff, assistant en
gineer; M. Balkoff, engineer; M. Post
nlkoff, engineer; M. Volkenau; M.
Sak, engineer; M. Dellnoff. engineer.
Ministry of agriculture Prof. Boro-
dlne, representative of the min
istry of agriculture; M. Putlloff. as
Chancery of credit M. Novltsky,
representative of the ministry of
finance; M. Pertzoff, and M. Bush
kareff. Artillery department Colonel Or
anovsky, representative of mlnljtryof
war for munitions and supplies; Cap
Press M. Maliarevsky.
Telegraph agency M. Sergievsky.
Special attache Baron Gunsburg.
Bsron Bakhmetleff will pay his
respects to President Wilson at the
White House tomorrow afternoon at
FOUR SAILORS MISSING
AFTER U-BOAT ATTACK
Standard Oil Tanker Torpedoed Off
Coast of France.
NEW YORK, June 19. Four men are
missing and are believed to have per
ished, following the torpedoing of the
Standard Oil tank-r John D. Archbold,
off the French coast, local offices of the
Standard OH were advised today.
Fourteen Americans in the crew were
The missing men. all foreigners, are
Joseph Lorenfto. Glegorla Losa. Domlnjo
Lago. and a fourth whose name is not
The csel was of 8.327 tons and sailed
In ballast from a French port last Thurs
day. .She was attacked and sunk on Sat
urday GERMAN CASUALTIES
NOW REACH 4,356,760
Total Number Killed Said to Be
LONDON', June 10 -The Times
states that the total German ;asual
Itlcs in the war from all causes now
reach 4.338.7GO. Nearly a million of
these have been killed. Thf total of
prisoners Is 303.309 There ate a
quarter million missing, which in
cludes deserters, and more than a
half million severely vounded.
In the month of May the killed were
supposedly 10.1)00 and the tola! casual
ties 110 037. These figures represent,
however, the casualties the Oerman
official lists reported during the
month of May and not necessarily the
casualties incurred in May.
HOOVER TELLS CONGRESS
FOOD CONTROL ONLY WAY
TO END ADVANCE IN PRICES
Mr. Hoover makes the declara
tion that with a plentiful supply
food Is still going up. The follow
ing table shows the Increase In re
tall prices In May of this year as
compared with January, four
GrcnuUted sofsr, lb.. 0.O7 K).l
Evaporated milk 19 .11
No. 1 can 1! .11
Sugar com .0 .IS
Sifted E. J. peas. 12 .It
Baked Beans IS .IS
Whits corn meal M .M
Komlny .04 .05
Head rice .Ot .M
Broken rice .04 .OS
Oatmeal 04 .01
Macaroni bulk M .11
Bpathettr. bulk OS .11
Salmon ................. .09 .11
Navy beans ........... .11 .11
Lima beans .10 .20
Split peas .'..... .01 .11
Domestic sardines .... .04 .OS
Uolaases. No. 1 can... .10 .11
California peaches, ex
tra standard. No. 1 .IS .
Peanut butter, bulk... .10 .IS
Lump starch .......... .04 .01
Corn starch ........... .05 .07
Rib roast II .IS
Chuck roast ........... .10 .2
Plats beef '.IS .11
Porterhouse steak..... .S3 .17
Sirloin steak .:l .14
Round steak .3 .U
Cbock steak 19 .3
Hamburs steak . .11 .10 1
Butter .41 ,SS 3
fresh hams 12 .17 U
Freeh shoulders II .H 11
rrssh oork chops, loin .is .S 21
Fresh pork roast, loin. .3 . M
Smoked hams ......... .19 .IS IS
Smoked bacon .27 .14 !
Hoicked sausaxv ...... .21 .25 14
Purs lard 11 .21 II
Aversss net tnchease. St por cent.
OFFICIALS GIVE LABOR
Secretary Wilson and Franklin
Reesevelt Address Workers.
Government officials- explained to
labor today why the United State Is
a message -of -patriotism.
Two speakers Secretary of Labor
Wilson and Franklin D. Roosevelt,
Assistant Secretary of the Navy de
clared In patriotic addresses to the
convention of National Patternmak
ers' League of North America at the
Ebbltt Hotel this morning that labor
must rally to the support of the Gov
ernment If the United Statea Is to
win the war.
Secretary Wilson spoke for almost
two hours, outlining the reasons why
America Is fighting In defense of
democracy. Assistant Secretary
Roosevelt spoke of the difficulty of
the navy in obtaining skilled labor.
Andrew Furuseth, of the American
Federation of Labor, also spoke.
The 103 delegates to the conven
tion took an automobile ride thla
COUNTY DRY MEASURE
IS BELIEVED DOOMED
Prince Georges Bill May Die in the
ANNAPOLIS, June 19. That the bill
to prohibit the sale of Intoxicants in
Prince Georges county will die in the
temperance committee of the Mary
land House of Delegates unless a
prompt and urgent effort Is made to
procure a report, was the opinion ex
pressed today by one of the members
who favors the bill. Three of the
rtve members from Prince Georges
favor It in the present form, and the
other two are willing to have It
promptly submitted to popular vote.
The measure Is likely to become a
victim of the fight between Governor
Harrington and the State machine on
one side, and the Republicans and
antl Harrington Democrats on the
other. A strong sentiment hss grown
up that only matters covered in the
governor's message and considered as
war measures should be considered.
Thus, the dry bill rests in the
house committee on tempersnee, and
an ever active liquor lobby Is fighting
to keep It there. Just now the
chances are that It never will see the
light, and only a demonstration of
an overwhelming demand from the
people of Prince Georges countv will
bring It out and give It a chance of
passage, even In amended form.
HOPKINS MEN IN EUROPE
Army Medical Unit From Baltimore
The -army medical unit of Johns
Hopkins University, of Baltimore, ar
rived at a European port today.
700 RUSS EXILES RETURN.
COPENHAGEN. June 10 The liner
Oskar II arrived today bearing TOO
Russian and Finnish political exiles
from Russia, returning from the
SAFEGUARD SUPPLIES OR
YIELD TO KAISER. HE SAYS
Declares Present Prices Represent Fictitious
Values, and That Food Costs More Here
Than in Europe.
Warning that food control alone can prevent further
tremendous increase in food prices, Herbert Hoover addessed
members of the Senate today.
""We now have a range of living cost in this country,"
he said, "that is beyond the ability of thousands to meet.
"We are' threatened, as a result, by a loss of national efficiency
and labor. Yet it is my belief unless some control be in
augurated that we shall look back on this moment as one of
WOODEN SHIP BUILDERS
MAY SELL TO BRITISH
Board May Make Ceabi Re
gardless of Goo&i.
The Denman-Goethala row In the
Shipping Board took another turn
today when friends of Chaliman Den
man declared that the British govern
ment, regardless of the views of
Major General Ooethals, Is prepared
to back the wooden shlp-bulldlng
In consequence of this. It la stated,
builders of 'wooden ships In this coun
try have been tipped off to hold
themselves In readiness to bid on
work for the British government. If
General Goethals wins his fight for
all steel construction.
Following the arrival In this cotrn
try of Lord Northclirfe the word has
gone forth. It is stated, that the
British government regards the need
for ships so immediate and pressing
that It will take all the wooden shlpa
It can get.
Would Slake Contracts.
It Is further stated that the British
would be glad to have the shipping
board contract for a large number of
wooden vessels for the account of
British government, and would pay
for the construction out of the loan
credits already extended to Great
Britain by theJnlted States.
The shipping board's emergency
fleet corporation has already1 let con
tracts for more than fifty wooden
ships, although General Goethals has
endeavored to get away as much as
possible from the original plans for
an all wooden ship program.
It Is probable Goethals will not sea
the President before Friday.
Sees Attempt at Robbery.
The Goethala-Denman controversy
waa aired on the floor of the Senate
this afternoon when Senator Stone.
criticised General Goethals. charged
efforts were being made to rob the
United States Treasury, and com
mended William Denman. chairman
of the Shipping Board.
Senator Stone expressly Indicated
that he did not Impute any wrong
motive to General Goethals. but he
declared that a cold-blooded attempt
to rob the Treasury of the United
States'1 had been made by the ateel
interests. He denounced strongly
the idea of charging the Government
S95 a ton for steel. He declared
General Goethals In sanctioning con
tracts at that figure had shown "very
poor Judgment," and had not con
tributed to his reputation for admin
U. S. TAX RECEIPTS
PASS BILLION MARK
New Record Established Income
Returns Show Gain.
Ordinary tax receipts of the United
States have passed the billion mark
for the first time In the history of the
Returns up to the present time
total J1.01S.JS1.S17 for the fiscal year
so far, with eleven days yet to go.
The grand total of all receipts. In
cluding the Issue of treasury certifi
cates of Indebtedness and of treasury
notes and the sale of postal savings
bonds, total l.982.J9S.S(i1. a record.
Income tax returns are more than
$200,000,000 greater for the cut rent
year to date than they were for the
same period of last year.
This year to date receipts have
exceeded disbursements by more than
$33,183,000. Last yesr there naa a
deficit on this jlate for the year of
Panama Canal tolls for the year
are $3,G30.722, more than double those
of Isst year.
Disbursements are likewise the
greatest In history. They total near
comparatively moderate prices."
Hoover read this statement while
fifty Senators, many of them those
who are vigorously opposing the food
control bill, listened. HI explana
tion of the measure and the situation
facing the country waa designed to
hasten action on the food MIL
Declares Supply Ample.
"We are facing the amaxlng situa
tion In this country," he said, "of
having a great and sufficient supply
and yet the highest prices Jn our his
tory. The average prices to consum
ers in those countries where they
have food control, are much lower
than prices In the United States."
Hoover dissipated the "Illusion"
that the food control bill la directed
against the producer, provides price
fixing, and authorises a food dictator.
"This bill merely Is a means of
regulating the distribution machinery
to a pre-watvbasis." he said, "It Is
designed, and It is our purpose, to
mobilise the spirit of self denial, to
eliminate waste In the country. We
can do this by self-sacrifice on a pa
triotic, volunteer basis. If we can't
do this, we might better accept Ger
Wants Varaatary Work.
But there are always some, he said,
who refuse to co-operate, and It Is to
force these "giving support to those
patriots who fall Into Una" that
legislation Is, necessary. "It Is the In
tention to work the whole program
on a voluntary patriotic basis. If pos
sible," he declared.
The paramount necessities facing; the
country now, according to Hoover,
Control of exports, instrumentality
set up to regulate legitimate as well
as Illegitimate speculation In foods.
mobilizing the housewives of the coun-
ry to aid In national conservation, and
erection In every State of food ad
"Unless there is control of exports."
Hoover said, "the tremendous pull of
this vacuum In Europe may leave this
country next spring without supplies."
To show the need for control ot
speculators, he offered wheat and
flour as an example.
Slnat Meve Grata Crop.
"We need regulation of wheat ele
vators In order to facilitate the move
ment of the 1917 grain crop. Every
elevator should carry 100 per cent of
grain." Hoover said. -Ie protested
against the present practice of per
mitting elevators to be leased by In
dividuals, frequently leaving the ele
vators halt full of grain, while near
by yards are congested with wheat
laaen freight cars.
Hoover advocated the formation of
a wheat commission to regulate ex
ports and Imports, and also regulate
He expects a long era of high
"We must maintain high-priced
wheat to encourage production," he
said, "but the price must not be pro
hibitive to the consumer."
Regulation ot the transportation ot
wheat was also taken up by Hoover.
He favored ascertaining the amounta
needed at seaboard for export and as
signing this quantity to railroad oper
ators who would be expected to haul
the amounts required. He also advo
cated a sugar commission to act along
virtually the same lines as the wheat
Hoover said the entire Cuban crop
might be contracted for In his schema
to stabilize the sugar market. All
trade groups Interested in the sugar
business have been heard from and
have agreed to co-operate with the
food administrators. Hoover said he
will need $130,000,000 aa a working
capital for his food administration.
Stay Be Too Little.
"This may be enough money to
start on and It may prove too small
an amount." Hoover stated.
Women will have direct charge of
00 per cent of the work of food con
servation Hoover tvant to enlist
e rr' Amtrl'-an houife In the.
movement. Women u 111 be asked to
sign pledges to save food and they