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WASHINGTON, THURSDAY EVENING, JULY 19, 1917.
PRICE ONE CENT.
PARDONED SUFFRAGETTES REFUSE
TO LEAVE 0CC0QUAN WORKHOUSE
of U-Boat Activity
1,600,000 U. S. OFFICERS
TONS OF SHIPS URGE GREAT
IS MONEY DRIVEBYBOTH
TOLL OF SUBS LANDANDSEA
Charles H. Grasty, in Cable
From London, Tells How De
struction of Shipping Far
Charles H. Grasty, farmer
owner of the Baltimore News,
and now of the New York Times,
, sends from London to that news
paper the following copyrighted.
LONDON, July 18 The change
at the admiralty by -which Sir Eric
Geddes succeeds Sir Edward Carson
calls attention to submarine condi
tions, and there have been sharp re
visions of opinion in the last few
hours as a result of a re-examina
tion of facts and figures.
The prime minister's recent assur
ance had a sedative effect on the
public mind, but discussion by well
informed persons, particularly in
banking and commercial circles, dur
ing tbe last few days has brought
out conditions that are dlsauietinsr.
Confidence in the submarine situa
tion appears to have had no founda
tion more substantial than the hODP
that some scientific means was sure
ly in the way of being found to put
the submarine finally and entirely
out of business.
Construction Lags Behind.
That part of England which wakes
up lonevhtt ahead of the rest ha
suddenly grasped a fact that la so
simple that It ought to have been
realized and acted on long ago.
What haa escaped attention, and
what la now brought to the fore by
toe cnange at the admiralty, la the
Inexorable fact which anybody with
knowledge of the rule of three can
cipher out for himself that at the
present rate of construction and de
struction there cannot possibly be at
the end of a few months .ihinnlnt-
nough. unless British rommltments
eisewnere are considerably curtailed,
to feed England and France and
maintain the present armies In the
field, and as for conveying America's
armies to Europe and maintaining
them. It will simply be out of the
3lnst Destroy U.boata.
The loss of ships by submarines to-'
tala 1,800,000 tons a monlb, or from
two to three times the total of new
The British government Is, and the
American Government ought to be.
eye to eye with the staggering fact
that the allies have got to find a
way to curb the submarine or lose the
war a way not )et found und not
ven approached, except experimen
Damage by aubmarlnea has been re
duced by American co-operation, but
every single ton of craft effective
against submarines ought to be cent
to European waters without a single
Irish Sea Is American.
It la crystal clear that protection
la not needed from the submarine In
American watera, and keeping de
stroyed on the Atlantic aeaboard Is
a sheer waste of time, when the situ
ation here Is so critical. The English
fleet over here protects all Interesta
over there. For the purpose of this
war the Irish Sea Is Just as truly
American as la Long Inland Sound
It la around the Irish coast that
the fight to make a world safe for
democracy la at Its deadliest crisis.
No military victory short of march
ing Into Berlin can take the place of
a deathblow to the German U-boat.
Every craft capable of operating,
against the aubmarlne ought to be'
sent over her at the earliest possible
Only Way to Avoid Defeat, Is
Admission From Highest Offi
cial Quarters Wilson With
holds His 0. K.
A combined offensive by sea and
air against German sea bases and
shipyards is urged by most United
States fcaval officers as the only
rngn-ny pCdcjpatjng thn Gf,rtnn-snb-
marine menace and winning the war."
Publication today of allied ship
losses, with one estimate placing the
U-boat toll at 1,600,000 tons of ship
ping a month, brought the grave ad
mission from highest official quar
ters that the United States and her
allies must find a way to curb the
submarines or lose the war.
O. K. Withheld.
President Wilson thus far has re
fused to sanction the aggressive plana
now favored by the majority of
United Statea naval officers. This
plan calls for moving almost the en
tire American fleet to European
waters for a combined offensive, carry
ing the fight to Germany Instead of
merely protecting the American
If, the President does accept the
view of the aggressive faction of the
navy, negotiations may at once be
opened with the British and French
admlraltlea to plan a combined of
fensive against the German subma
Official figures' compiled by United
States naval statisticfans do not agree
with the estimates placing 1.(00,000
tons of shipping a month as the U
But the official figures show that
approximately a million tons of ship
ping a month are lost.
Haa t Loss.
Official estimates place the allied
nations shipbuilding totals as from
200.000 to 400,000 tons a month. This
leaves a net loss of from 00,000 to
tOO.OOO tons of shipping a month. It
the minimum losses of 1.000.000 tons
a month are accepted.
It is frankly admitted that the
United States Government has fol
low rd a policy of concealment as to
submarine losses, following the lead
of the British government.
These reports have lulled the peo
ple of both continents to a feeling of
false security, and United States na
val officials believe the people should
know the truth.
"We are up against It sow. Our
defensive methods hae failed. Let's
try an offensive."
This Is the demsnd of all the
younger naval officers and many of
the older ones, snd It la this demand
that is now before President Wilson
If the offensive policy favored by
the aggressive faction of the navy Is
adopted, the next great development
of the war may be a naval and aerial
combined offensive, the result of
which might well decide the outcome
of the war.
ROGERS DEFENDS CENSUS.
The Census Bureau today forward
ed to tbe Senate a defense of the pop
ulation estimates based on the draft
registration. Director Rogers ex
plained tbe registration was figured
aa 8.32 per cent of the total popula
tion of draft districts, allowance be
ing made for "abnormal shlftlngs to
ward manufacturing centers of mlll-tary-age
did since the war's outbreak."
THE NEW DOCTOR OUGHT TO DISCOVER A SUBSTITUTE FOR THAT CROWN
i "n IT'Vm-m-internal (" QH I WHftT A HEAnArMFJSflW
IN BITTER DEBATE
The Administration won a decisive
victory this afternoon In its drive to
eliminate all commodities except
foodstuffs and fuel from the controll
ed list In the food control MIL
The lie was parsed during the de
bate In one of the bitterest rows the
Senate has seen this session. Reed
of Missouri had launched a movement
to oust Herbert C. Hooer as food ad
ministrator. He proposed an amend
ment to the food control bill which
would put the administration of the
act In the bands of a commission of
five, all of whom must be bona fide
residents and qualified voters of fa
United Statea. Senators declared this
would shut out Hoover.
Senator Hollls of New Hampshire
charged that Senator Reed had cross
examined Mr. Hoover, when he was
on the witness stand before the Sen
ate Agricultural Committee, "as mer
cilessly as If he were a chicken thief
on trial In a police court."
"That Is absolutely and unqualified
ly false," shouted Reed "I rise "
"I refuse to yield," retorted Sena
Later Senator Reed received recog
nltlon on a point of order
"The Senator said I treated Mr.
Hoover as a chicken thief." ssld Sen
ator Reed "That Is a reflection on
me It is absolutely and unquall
"It Is not a personal privilege In
the Senate for one Senator to stand
here and call another a liar," Inter
rupted Senator Williams cf Missis
By a vote of 41 to 2S, the Senate re
jected an amendment offered by Sen
ator Kenyon of Iowa to retain Iron
and steel and their products, farming
tools, hemp and binder twine. In tbe
BERNSTORFF IS BOOMED
FOR ZIMMERMANN POST
Count Von Bernstorff. formerly
German ambassador at "Washing-ton,
may become foreign secretary of
Germany, succeeding Zlmmermann.
State Department advices today tell
of German newspapers advocating his
Dutch newspaper comment Indi
cates that the Reichstag peace pro
gram may be twisted about to make
the German people believe the allies
have rejected It In order to continue
the war until Germany is crushed.
SENATORS PASS LIE
My MlNSwilH" ygfLsHHW ' HRST CAUGHT COLD IN HBP I LlilMjll
'A'A's KAGIN& herd- A THE AMERICAN DRAFT AND RlRLiUrvrfTOjl'Ji
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The President's Wise Act
The President has pardoned the ladies that were jailed
for making a camping and demonstration ground of his
official front yard.
It is our opinion that the ladies should not have heen
put in jail also that they should not have chosen THIS
moment to demonstrate at the "White House.
The President acts wisely in refusing to let the suf
fragists stny in jail.
The young women will display wisdom if they now
refrain from annoying the President, who has worries
enough on hand.
The President really favors woman suffrage. It is
coming. It will not he hastened, hut delayed, hy unwise
agitation that alienates sympathy. AVe repeat our invita
tion to the suffrage ladies to come and demonstrate in
front of The Times office wo shall welcome them, inter
view them, praise them, and work for them.
"We congratulate the President on a wise act of good
FOR PER DIEM CLERK
Per diem employes of the District government, numbering
about 2,000, are entitled to a Saturday half holiday not only during
the summer, but the entire year.
This. was the opinion of the Comptroller of the Treasury, V.
V. Warwick, submitted to the District Commissioners today.
The annual salaried emploes are
not Included In the yearly Saturday
half holiday, but 'the Board of Com
missioners has authority to prescribe
the number of hours that shall con
stitute a day'a work on Saturdas.
Asked If they would be given the half.
holiday during the entire year, Com
missioner Brownlow said: "Ask me
something easy. That Is a problem to
be met later."
There Is no question of doubt, how
ever, as to the per diem employes.
They are assured of the holiday.
Get Store Than They Hoped.
Tbe question waa referred by the
Commissioners to the Comptroller fol
! lowing the taking of a half holiday
last Saturday by per diem employes
of the District sewage station. The
men wanted to make a test case of
It, hoping only for the Saturday half
holiday during the summer. The re
sulting benefits are greater than any
of them anticipated.
Is Up To Commllonerfi.
In answer to a second question of
the Commissioners as to whether
they are authorized under the Presi
dent's order of June D to prescribe
four hours as a days work on Sat
urday, tbe Comptroller states that
the executive order applies only to
the Federal departments, but the
Board of Commissioners has author
ity to prescribe the number of hours
that shall constitute a day's work on
Saturdays either during the summer
months or throughout the entire
year," provided said act Is not In vio
lation of and does not conflict with
any statutory provision.
TO BE DRAWN AT
At 0:30 o'clock tomorrow morning.
In room 220 of the Senate Office
building, will be held America's great
lottery to determine the order In
which her men are to respond to the
call of democracy.
This announcement was made at
the Capitol ahortly after 1:30 o'clock
this afternoon following a visit to
the Capitol by Provost Marshal Gen
Room 220 Is a large committee
room on the second floor of the Sen
ate Office building.
All details of the drawing are now
complete, except announcement of
who will draw the numbers, who will
announce them, and who will consti
tute the official tallymen.
Only a limited number of people
will be allowed without the room and
press association wires will be out
aide the chamber.
Justice To Everyone.
Working absolutely Justly In so
far as mathematics and luck can
work the gamble will settle once for
all the order In which registrants w 111
be drawn for army duty. It Is the
product of a careful study by the
draft experts, later checked up by
outside mathematics experts.
The sstem cannot be tampered
with. There can be no dodging
through political Influence, and every
care has been taken to see that the
fated capsules and their numbers are
protected from interference.
Pennsylvania and New York have
failed to report their serial numbers,
but had advised the provost office
that they were practically ready.
Press To Flash lumbers.
In these circumstances General
Crowder felt free to arrange with
Secretary Baker as to who should
cull the capsules, and where they
should be drawn. Press wires direct
from the draft room will flash the
numbers to the nation.
General Crowder has outlined the
system of the lottery to newspaper
men. Fearing that some effort might
be made to switch the numbers at
the last moment, the scheme will be
kept secret until the lagging dis
tricts have reported to their State
The lottery will draft every one of
the 0,630,000 men on the registration
(Continued on Pace 3, CoL 3)
Pickets, in Sixteen Separate
Statements, Announce They
Will Not Accept Pardons Un
less Given Vote.
The sixteen suffrage pickets im
prisoned at the Oceotpian workhouse
under a Police- Court sentence, flatly
refused" to- accept;., thePJrejesiTs,
.puiuoa or to leave uie xdortnmory,
In sixteen1 separata statements made
to Warden Whittaker at 2:40 o'clock
Warden Whittaker called the pick
ets into conference immediately af
ter he had received a telephone mes
sage from Commissioner Brownlow,
saying the President had pardoned
them. He asked if they would ac
cept the President's action.
Every one of the sixteen, in an
Individual statement, declared her
Intention of Ignoring the President
unless he also agreed to back Imme
diately the Susan B. Anthony suf
frage amendment In Congress. They
said they appreciated the President's
act. but that Inasmuch aa they did
not consider themselves guilty, they
would not accept a pardon.
Warder. Whittaker clashed with
Commissioner Brownlow over the
question of whether the suffragettes
should be permitted to remain. The
Commissioner Is said to have de
clared that the law required the ejec.
tlon of the women If they refused to
go. The warden took the opposite
view, basing his opinion on more than
twenty years' work in penal Institu
tions. Department of Justice officials this
afternoon backed him up, declaring
he cannot legally force the women to
leave the Occoquan workhouse, even
It he Is directed to by the District
Like a Deed.
Said an official of the Bureau of
"A pardon Is In the same family
with a deed both must be delivered
and accepted before becoming valid
A pardon unaccepted Is as Invalid as
would be useless positive and nega
tive electrlo currents unconnected.
"There Is no doubt in the world that
tne women are standing within their
rights In refusing to leave-prison, and
no one can force them to do It."
The pardon was sent to Occoquan
by telegraph, by Pardon Attorney
Stanley W. Finch. A few minutes
afterward, a copy signed by the At
torney General, was dropped Into the
malls. It was addressed to Super
The telegraphic order to releaae
the women was sent under direction
of Attorney General Gregory. Of
ficials of the Department of Justice
admitted that this was Irregular. One
of them explained It, however, by
saying that "as the President has
taken an inteerst In the matter." and
that It has caused so much comment
here and elsewhere, the "Irregular"
course was taken.
Up to a late hour this afternoon
the warden had not received the tel
Immediately after the conference
between Warden Whltta'ter and the
women, word was Cashrd from Oc
coquan that Dudley Field Malone, J.
A II Hopkins, an da third person
had driven Into the prison farm In
an auto. It Is believed they will
attempt to persuade the women to
Chief Executive Moved Only by
Argument That Women Got
Heavier Sentences Than
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
(OojttUM. int. New Tor Evening Post Co.)
YMit,9'l.rTDnBta. .. .mImaJ i
A.UUV IIJUUU uam, uoiuuuca
the aixteenharonen who,-en picketing
the White House recently for the
cause "of woman suffrage, were ar
rested and convicted of "unlawful
The President was moved to com
passion by the plight of the women
who, while fully able to pay the $25
imposed on each, preferred sixty
days in the District of Columbia
workhouse. The argument that soma
of the women got more than had
been bargained for, that they ex
pected only a three-day sentence and
not sixty days' detention, undoubted
ly moved Mr. Wilson to intervene.
Power of Mercy.
Ha bad nothing to do with their
conviction In the first place, having
left the matter entirely to the discra
tion of the local police, but when J. A,
Hopkins, former Progressive national
committeeman of New Jersey, and
husband of one of the Imprisoned
women, pleaded with the President
yesterday that the women were un
dergoing severe hardahlps. Mr. Wil
son decided that he ought to use the
power of mercy constitutionally
granted to him In such cases.
The Issue is not settled, however.
Tbe question sow is whether the
women will obey the law or continue
demonstrations, notwithstanding Mr.
Wilson's action. There Is really no
law against the kind of plcketlng
they did before they displayed the
banner addressed to the Russian mis
sion and termed seditious. Interven
tion by the police sines then haa been f
on the theory that the women ob-
atructed traffic and Incited crowds. (
Should they continue to display C
their old flaga petitioning for woman
suffrage, the likelihood is that they
will not be arrested but the police,
will have a knotty problem to solve.'
In respect to demonstrations Immedi
ately In front of the White House,
for objection to this procedure come
from those who believe It may po
dangerous to the Ufa of the Presi
dent If mobs can awoop down on tho
gate as he goes back and forth.
Those who may be bent on violence
could conceivably use the opportun
ity for their purpose while the police
were occupied with the militants.
Xo One Can Say.
But -the President's action today.
the White House explained, has ref
erence only to the conviction of the
sixteen women now In Jail. What the
future policy will be toward other
offenders or toward the Federal
amendment for woman suffrage, do
one would say on behalf of the Presi
The scene at the executive offleaa
today resembled many a war "crisis"
of the past. The correspondents gath
ered en masse and patiently awaited
the outcome of a long conference be
tween Prealdent Wilson and Secretary
Finally the latter emergea ironx
Mr Wilson's office with a formidable
looking document In his hand, with a
big red seal on It and the signature
of the President of the TJnlted Statea
affixed It was the usual form for
the pardonlns of law breakers, and
gave the sixteen names of tbe women,
as having been "conlctd of unlaw,
Mr. Tumulty declined to make any.
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