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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, January 08, 1918, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026749/1918-01-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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ClitWahtttfitofitnes
INAL
EDITION
Today
WEATHER?
FAIR; COLD
ER TONIGHT:
WEDNESDAY
FAIR
Hatkg Ik President
Demcncy at Hose.
Pretty Kid to T. R.
Ptttry as Is Poetry.
WASHINGTON, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 8, 1918.
NUMBER 10,402.
PRICE HITHW BIBTBICrr COU7KMA. I.
KLSKWHKfU. 3.
PRESIDENT STATES U. S.
IF
PEACE
TERMS
What the Prussian fears he
hates. Prussian hatred of Presi
dent Wilson is a welcome compli
ment A German poet speaks of Presi
dent Wilson as "a Kruff block
head." What Germany really objects to
is the fact that, for Prussia,
Woodrow Wilson is a cruff
THINKING head.
:
M
What the Prussians dislike in
Woodrow Wilson is that he is a
block of steel in their path. They
talk a great deal about "the will
to victory," and find in Woodrow
Wilson a steady "will to defeat
THEM," and they don't like it.
Our valued reader, F. R. Dun
ham, wants us to Ret excited be
cause American private soldiers
are not allowed to ride in first
class railway carriages in England.
All right, we are excited.
Now, perhaps Mr. Dunham will
tt excited because an American
officer is not allowed to sit down
at table in the, United States with
his fellow citizens if they happen
to be private soldiers.
We have our little class distinc
tions oTer here also, you see.
While we are making our "fight
for democracy" how would it be
to make our ARMY democratic?
We must have DISCIPLINE, of
course, but is it -necessary to have
SERVILITY amonjr men that
volunteer to fight for their
country?
No -commoner could sit down or
cover his head in .the presence of
the king. But any man can sit
down in the presence of the Presi
dent of the United States yet the
latter is more dignified than any
king.
The French Republic teaches com
radeship and equality between of
ficers and men couldn't this re
public teach the same thing?
Or is it too much of a money
republic and too little of a REAL
republic for that as yet?
We are rich enough to provide
billions " and do It every year
for many years, assuming that the
Government knows how to reach
those that have the great money
accumulation.
, The.worsl.jjr It 4s. the. -more
' robneywSYalse, TheTess theTnoney
is worth, in China, lor Instance,
the American dollar Is worth in
Chinese coin eighty-three cents,
less than ft was before we got
into the war.
Berlin is alarmed about food, the
shortage and the cost. So are we;
which, when you think it over, is
a good deal of a joke.
Half of our time we worry be
cause there isn't enough food,
the other half we placidly read
about food thrown away to hold
up the prices, sugar exported by
the hundreds of thousands of tons
because of some foolish regulation.
It is evident that there are many
things about which this country
knew little and about which it is
going to learn a good deal.
When we read that the President
is eating a pound of butter that
costs $567, we shudder and use the
forbidden German word "Unberu
fun" in spite of the fact that the
butter was sold at auction for the
Red Cross.
Washington has gained more
than 38,000 population in two
years. That does not include tens
of thousands of visitors. Keep
your real estate and get more IF
you have done your duty about
war bonds and war stamps.
Mrs. Helen Caughey, of Erie,
Pa., dropped this in the editor's
letter box:
W. S. S.
We Serve Scraps and call it salad.
We Serve Scraps and call it hash,
We Serve Scraps and call it con
somme, We're cutting quite a dash;
Tis our patriotic duty, and we're
glad to do our bit,
So We Serve Scraps to save our
money and
Buy War Savings Stamps with it
A good war stamp poem, we
'should say. A poetess that makes
f consomme rhyme with money is
doing her bit for her country.
Woodrow Wilson refused to
make Roosevelt commander-in-chief
of our forces in Kuropc,
wouldn't permit him to end the
war by capturing Berlin single
handed. But in other wars the President
has been kind to the Colonel. Mr.
Roosevelt has a collection of fine
young boys.
One of them is a major. Of him
an old army man said: "No boy
should be allowed to command a
battalion without the consent of
his parents or guardian."
Another son in the same battal
ion is a captain. There is no doubt
that these boys, inheriting their
father's genuine love of fighting,
will render good service. and de
kerve the early promotion be
stowed upon them.
There is also no doubt that the
President has been generous to the
Roosevelt family, considering what
the heid of the family has had to
y about-thei President.
an bis
REASON FOR
REVIVAL IN
WASHINGTON
I
"Because It's Easier to Get a
Crowd to a Leg Show Than
to a Prayer Meeting " Evan
gelist Declares.
Because you can Bcare up a larger
crowd to see a "girl" show than you
can to attend a prayer meeting In
Washington, Billy Sunday told a
large crowd at his tabernacle this
afternoon, It was necessary for him'
to conduct revival services here.
Only twenty persons were in the
tabernacle at 12:45 o'clock, but long
before 2 o'clock the faithful began
gathering to secure choice seat, and
by 1:30 o'clock It was well crowded,
also well heated and comfortable.
At 1 o'clock the police appeared
thirty-inlne of them, led by Lieu-
(tenants Hartley and Head! ey. They
filed in through the ministers door.
Why n Revival!
"Washington has been ridded of
the demon rum: there la no licensed
tlce among- us, good people; no caba
ret, with its sensuous high noon of
pleasure all these modern festivals
of tn are relegated to dim memory.
Why. .should w have -a revival In
-tSfaabtngton" shouted the-eug
Hst.
"It Is because it is easier to scare
up a crowd to see a chCap leg show
than it is to attend a prayer meet
ing." Billy chose as bis text the Tro
phecy o fllabakuk." third chapter,
second erse: "O Lord, revive thelt
work in the midst of the years; in
wrath remember mercy,"
Billy Sunday stepped out of his
bedroom into the study adjoining
bright and early this morning,
stretched, grinned expansively, then
(Continued on Page 6, Column S.)
E
HAS SENT PROTEST
The Pope has sent autographed let
ters to the Kmperors of Austria and
Germany InMstlng on the cessation
of unjustifiable massacres of de
fenseless Komm and children, and
protesting against the destruction of
art treasurer in air raids over Padua,
according to official dispatches re
ceived from Home today.
SEES ?90,000,00OTAX
IN RAIL LOSS SEIZURE
Taking oer of the railroads will
deprlre the Government of J0OO0O.
000 In taxes. ConuiiW-ioniT Anderson
of the Interstate Commerce I'omml-
jsion told the Ilout Interstate and
I Foreign Commerce fommittee today
"The taxes would still be paid un
der the Administration railroad bill."
he said, "but with the Government
operating the roads it will be like
I taking the mone from one pocket
I and putting it into another "
, YARDS IN 25 STATES
BUILDING 1,409 SHIPS
The Immediate program of the Km
ergencj Fleet Corporation includes
1,400 vessels of varrylng tonnage,
with a total dead weight tonnage of
8.63fl,S08 tons
The bulletin from the Council of
National Defense today announced
shipyards are now In operation or un
der construrtlon In twenty Ave States
Including practically all States touch
Ing on the oceans and Great Lakes
FIBERlirreSTED
FOR SURGICAL DRESSINGS
WITH THE FRENCH ARMIES IN
THE FIELD. Jan. 8 Substitution of
natwir nuln "fiber tlaue" tar mtrfHr-al
i dressing, compresses; and bandages In
hospitals may result rrom tests now
being made in a certain -war -zotn
hospital.
The enormous demand for cotton
and linen dressings during three eari
of nar has developed difficult In ol,
tainlng sufficient supplies.
WTMPO
TO TEUTON RULERS
Dr Chamberlain Guilty
ur urotner s ueatn
GOOCHLAND, Va., Jan. 8. Dr. Asa ty. Chanberlain.
sixty-three years old, was found guilty here today by a jury
in the Goochland circuit court, of the murder on October 22
last of his brother, Judge Albert P. Chamberlain, sixty-one
years old, at the home of the latter at Elk Hill, this county.
The Commonwealth proved that on the night of October
22, Dr. Chamberlain went to the home of his brother to pay
a debt of $1,200. It was claimed that the doctor was angered
with his brother and rather than pay him the noney he took
his life.
The jury returned a verdict of guilty at 10:15 o'clock.
James C. Page, leading counsel for the defense, filed a
motion to set aside the verdict on the ground that it was con
trary to law. The evidence and the case will go to the State
supreme court.
Charges of Drunkenness
Among American Forces
Abroad Officially Denied
Admiral Sims and Colonel Slocum Indignantly Contradict
Reports Spread By Prohibitionists That U. S. Soldiers
and Sailors Are Drinking to Excess Neither
Has Seen a Single Case of Drunkenness
In All Our Men Abroad.
-'--There -has- beenuclfolicity given by"jprohil5Ition
interests to what they said was "appalling' drunkenness"
among the American troops abroad. The Board of Tem
perance, Prohibition and Public Morals, 204 Pennsylvania
avenue southeast, has been particularly active in the spread
ing of these reports by a publication called the Clip3heet.
sent to all editors in the country.
In denial of these statements the Associated Press has
transmitted by cable the results of investigations and inter
views with army and navy officers flatly and indignantly
denying the charges of drunkenness or excesses of any
kind on the part of our soldiers and sailors. The Times
prints below the charges copied verbatim from the Clip
sheet and the official comment transmitted by the Asso
ciated Press.
(From the CllpslierU
x obody can claim that conditions
abi.iad arc Rood The War Depart
ment would not claim it
The Goernment has abandoned the
soldiers when they cross the sea.
One may exhaust the adectlves. lie
may call the present state nf affairs
"appalling:." "hornfjin;;. '
When the great Bray transports
crossed the seas, when efficiency and
sobriety, strength, health, and man-
nood counted for ten times as inurh as
they did during the week of pre
Ilmlnar training at home, we threw
those same bos Into the waiting
arms of wine sellers and harlots!
Een the I'rcntli hae been deeply
impressed by the haxoc of drink
among the men of the American
camps
Drink and the devil of pliilis are
whipping; American soldiers who hae
reached France into the guardhouses
and hospitals by the thousands
It is true that on the first day of
their arrival in France our men have
been getting mine and brer and In
large numbers hae been getting
drunk
War Department officials were reluctant today to dig
nify the accusations with denials, because they had been
completely refuted by reliable authorities on the other side,
but privately they did not hesitate to brand the charges as
outrageous.
Secretary of War Baker said that General Pershing has
assured him that every necessary safeguard has been placed
about the moral well-being of the expeditionary forces.
Chief of Staff Bliss contented himself with pointing to
the denials .of responsible men in Europe and that he was
satisfipd the charges were absolutely false.
Officials pointed to the fact that if there was any founda
tion to the accusations there would have been hundreds of
courts martial, and it can be stated that there have not been.
(By the Associated Press.)
LONDON", Jan. 7. Much indignation
has been caused among American
army and nay officials and other
Americans In London because of re
ports circulated In the United States
that American soldiers and sailors
In Kurope were drinking to excess.
Vice Admiral William S Mms.
commander of the American naval
forces, and Col S. L. II Slocum. mili
tary attache of the American em
bassy In London, todav derlarcd that
the charges' of drunkenness were
false.
Admiral Sims said there never was
a time in American hl. tor when
there was so little drunkenness anion;
the American fighting force He had
been here for eight months, he said,
and had visited the American flotilla
base and various cities in England
and on the French front, and never
had seen a drunken soldier or sailor,
and no rase of drunkenness in the
navy had been called to his atten
tion. Colonel Slocum also derlnred that
he had never seen a drunken Amer
ican fighting man on this side of
the water. Walter Hlnea Page, the
American ambassador, and the secre
taries of tlie embassy, the American
consul general and the officials of
the consulate all made similar as
sertions An Investigation tnda) showed that
it was the general opinion that any
drunkenness on this side of American
soldiers and sailors I confined to a
few Isolated cases.
SHORT OF MEN,
ARMY SEEKS
WOMEN FOR
MAN! POSTS
Truck Drivers, Conductors,
Watchmen, -and Messengers!
of Fair Sex Asked by Depot
Quartermaster Here.
BrBILL PRICE.
.The depot quartermaster of the
War Department In this city has
called on the Civil Service-Commission
to furnish an eligible list .of
women motor truck driven,' ele
vator conductors, watchmen, 'and
messengers, owing to the scarcity of
men needed In these lines.
The Civil Service Commission has
not yet held exaainatlans, bnt will
do so, it is- said, "if applicants are
to be found, and a campaign will be
waged to find thim.
"" Xeeds Drivers.
The depot quartermaster's office in
this city, which bandies an-JmrnenSf
amount or work for the War Depart
ment, is badlr In need of truck driv
ers, and army officers, finding men
getting scarcer each day, are willing
to lake women drivers if they are to
be had. The salary for these drivers
starts at "0 per month.
-Wrlre wnnngr to try'tbe earjrerl--
ment. and think It will Je isatlsfacf
torr " said Col. U G. Enerer. aasutaa;
depot quartermaster, today. "We
now have 900 employes In this office
and our women clerks and workers In
all lines have proved themselves loyal
to the Government and attentive to
their work Colonel Downey, depot
(Continued on Page 18, Column 3.)
E
With a pleco of clothesline about
ber throat. Mrs. Martha Helvestlne.
forty eight years old, waa found hang
ing from a rafter In the summer
kitchen of her home, 804 Fifth street
northwest, shortly before noon to
da Dr W G Suter. of 27 H street
northwest, who was called In, an
nounced the woman had been dead for
several hours.
The woman was found by her
daughter. Mrs Marie Satlano. when
she returned home after a brief ab
sence The mother's body was
dangling from the frayed rope. An
overturned chair lay on the floor
nearby The nrreams of the daughter
attracted neighbors, who assisted In
-utttng down the body
Tlie police of the Sixth precinct
Were notified They could find no
marks on the body. Coroner Nevltt
was called upon to make an lnvestlga
tlon -
The daughter stated to the police.
the a that her mother had been
in ill health for some time
HE STEALS A DRUM,
THEN HE BEATS IT
t-omewhre in Wahngton or the
United States Is a thief all prepared
to boat his wa. He stole a drum
from a shed In rear of the home of
Mrt Agnes Seymour. 715 Sixteenth
street northeast, he reported to the
police today. The theft may have
occurred any time Ince Christmas, so
the i rook and his drum have had
ample time to bea it most anywhere
The drum had a red band around
it not ail orchestra, you understand,
but a piece of red leather. The noise
lot ing crook didn't even muffle the
drum when he took it. and so as"to
be icady to beat up lis loot ho In
cluded a pair of black drum sticks,
which. ou understand, have nothing
to do with a chicken
25 CHINKrFROZEN
TO DEATH ON TRAIN
UAVGOR. Me. Jan. 8. Tw-enty-tle
Chinese laborers, en route from Van
couver to Halifax for transportation
to Kncland and Trance, were found
frozen to death In their car when it
reached the Maine border, according i
to railroad men here today
Armrdlinr to the railroad men. the
Chinese were frozen while passing
throuch Maine In the recent cold
vac when the temperature reached
42 below zero
WOMAN
NOS HER
LIFE BY HANGING IN
SUMMER KITCHEN
OTiat the President Declares
Must Be Peace Basis
1. Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after
which there shall be no private international understand
ings of ajny kind, but diplomacy shall proceed always ,
frankly and in the public view.
2. Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas.
outside territoriaT waters,
cept astne seas may be closed in whole .or in part by in
ternational action for the enforcement of international
co.venants.
3. The removal, so far as possible, of all economic
barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade
conditions, among all the nations- consenting to the peace
and associating themselves for its maintenance
4. Adequate guarantees given and taken that na
tional armaments will be reduced' to the lowestpointa con
sistent.with domestic safety.
5. A free, open minded,, and absolutely impartial ad
justment of all colonial claims, based, upon a strict ob
servance of the principle that in- determining all such '
qnestions of sovereignty, the interests of the 'populations
concerned must have equal weight with the equitable
claims of the government whose title is to-be determined.
6. The evacuation of all Eussian territory and such a
settlement of all questions affecting Russia as will
secure the best and freest co-operation of the pther
nations of the world in obtaining forvher an unhampered
and unembarrassed opportunity for the independent
determination of her own political development and
national policy and assure her of a sincere welcome into
the society of free nations under institutions of her own
choosing; and more than a welcome, assistance also of
every Mnd that she may need and may "herself desire.
The treatment accorded Bussia by her sister nations in
the moaths to coma wiUbe theacid test of their good mil;
unselfish vfHnithr,.
7. Belgium, the, whole world wBI agree, must Jbe evac
uated and restored, without any attempt to limit the
sovereignty which she enjoys in common with all other
free nations. No other single act will serve as this will
serve to restore confidence among the nations in the laws
which they have themselves "set and determined for ihe
government of their relations with one another. With
out this healing act the whole structure and validity of
international law is forever impaired.
8. All French territory should be freed and the in
vaded portions restored, and the wrong done to France
by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine,
which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly
fifty years, should be arightd in order that peace may
once more be made secure in the interest of alL
9. A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy should be
effected along clearly recognizable lines of nationality.
10. The peoples of Austria-Hungary, whose place
among the nations we wish to Bee safeguarded and as
sured, should be accorded the freest opportunity of au
tonomous development.
11. Bomnnnia, Serbia, and Montenegro should be
evacuated; occupied territories restored; Serbia accorded
free and secure access to the sea; and thp relations of the
several Balkan States to one another determined by
friendly counsel along historically established lines of
allegiance and nationality; and international guarantees
of the political and economic independence and terri
torial integrity of the several Balkan states should be
entered into.
12. The Turkish portions of the present Ottoman
Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty, but the
other nationalities which are now under Turkish rule
should be assured an undoubted security of life and an
absolutely unmolested opportunity of autonomos devel
opment, and the Dardanelles should be permanently
opened as a free passage to the ships and commerce of
all nations under international guarantees.
13. An independent Polish state, should be erected
which should include the territories inhabited by indis
putably Polish populations, which should be assured a
free and secure access to the sea, and whose political and
economic independence and territorial integrity should be
guaranteed by international covenant.
14. A general association of nations must be formed
under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mu
tual guarantees of political independence and territorial
integrity to great and small states alike.
Full Text of Message on Page 2.
YESTERDAY
GAINED
10,249 Lines of Advertising (37 Cols.)
Over the Corresponding Day (Jan. 8) Last Year.
EDGAR D. SHAW,
PubKthtr.
alike in peace and in war, ex
te&irenf i
LAYS BASIS
FOR FUTURE
DISCUSSION
WITHRERLIN
Executive's Address Threefold
in Purpose-Shows Concur
'rence in Terms Voiced By
British Prwnier.
By DAVID liAWRENCE.
(Cbpyrliw, nil, by NtwTarlc Evsnlns; Post
Company.) I
Prealdeat Wilson today gare to
the world the peace terraa of th
United States- TVlth bnt an hour
warrant; he went to the Capitol and
read to both louses of Congress a
message tin which he has ben work
ing erer since Germany began hir
negotiations with Russia. The pro
pose of his address 1 three-fold:!
To drive a wedge Into the political
structure of Germany by encourag
ing the Socialists- and Libera! ele
ments and exhibiting the military
party a the single obstacle to democracy-and
world peace.
To expos the Insincerity of Gr-
maajrt pretension of liberality J'a
her'ogertnilMaaad-LVia-iifrhrtft?-.
i?,TS?-'rtaraaJp-Df:
.rsers5js.fiea which she iaa
eeemed to be inclined, to depart.
To show the agreement ot tb
United' States with the speech ot
Lloyd George and at the same tinea
to drelop further the principles of
world peace for which America
stands.
AdTaaeed Doctrine.
The- President's speech is without
doubt the moat -advanced doctrine ot
Internationalism pronounced by any
or the allied statesmen, aven surpassing-
his lofty vision of liberalism
expressed by him before the Senate
just a year a-o thla month.
For example. Mr. Wilson's declars
tlon for the freedom of th seas la
time of peace and to time of war
ought to be especially pleaslnr; t
German radicals. The man who baa
done much to advance this principle.
Colonel House, head of the Americas -.
War Mission sat In the exeeativ
B-allery as the President read hi
speech.
Congrea Chttrw.,
The Congress broke Into cheers fre
quently, especially as Mr. Wilson
spoke In laudatory terms of the
speech of Lloyd Georre, and as ha
announced America's rea'dlness t
stand by her traditional friend, ths
French people. n their effort to re
cover Alsace Lorraine.
Does It bring- peace nearer? Mr.
Wilson has believed from the begin
ning that the conflict should not b
waged a moment longer than Is es
sentia! to the security of the world,
and by Ijls speech today he has added
momentum to the counter offensive
on the subject of peace which the en
tente allies have undertaken In the
last two weeks with the oblect of s
curing If possible their war alms by
negotiation and on the other hand
with the purpose of unifying all rad-
leal and laboring elements In allied
countries behind the governments in
an unrelenting prosecution of the nar
should Germany continue to refuse to
meet the liberal terms so often r
presed by the entente.
Real Feaee Effort.
Mr Wilson's . spaech i pa a
graphed by articles in the formal -
In which peace terms are couched
In seeking to learn. howeer. whether
a peace negotiation Is about to beglij
the fact that the President expreseil
America's support of France's claim
for a restoration of Alsac Lorraine
standa out as one of the obstacles
which German) hitherto has been un
willing to remove There are othe
things to which Germany will ta&e
objection, but there Is so much that Is
reasoned and considerately stated
especially Mr Wilson's frank state
ment that "we do not presume to sug
gest to her (Germany) any alteration
or modification of her Institutions"
that the Cerman people must see a
real effort on the part or the allies t
meet them half way
Mr Wilson may be thought by some
to have altered his position In the
sense that he does not make It Ini
possible Jo negotiate peace with the $
present Oerman government, but in
this Instance that "we should know
whoirl German) spokesmen speak to
when they speak to us. whether fof
tha helchftJC .najorlty or for the
uHltary party and the m-n hose
cree1 I impsfla' domination." He
reiterates the Insistence of the. allie
that the spokesmen of Germany In the
peace negotiations should not be pup-
;
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