Newspaper Page Text
German Convict Battalions.
"My Army, Your Debt".
Republics Most Be Generous.
McAdoo and the Silk Bayer.
By ARTHUR BRISBANE.
The Secretary of State has re
ceived interesting information
concerning man-power conditions
In Germany. The recent attack
en the west, stopping short of
Paris and the Channel, as usual, it
aid to have crippled the German
army go that convict battalions
have been formed. Men are strip
ped of the Kaiser's stripes and
dressed in the imperial uniform,
a very normal transition.
Rather dismal days for Prussia
Just sow. The Kaiser's airmen,
however, recently succeeded in
dropping many bombs on an Eng
lish, hospital camp, killing their
anrses. That is a bright spot in
the naw for the Crown Prince.
A sort of radical restlessness
seems to be breaking out even in
teady old England. A member
of Parliament wanta to know why
King George insists on speaking
f "my army." The member said
the Canadians and Australians
did not like that WheriBonar Law
curtly replied that "my army"
was the customary formula, the
radical member wanted to know
Why the King did not also say,
Tray national debt."
It is interesting to observe that
$s, addressing their faithful
objects, always seem to speak of
Y army and YOUR debt
All the different Irish groups
ro said to ask, "What does Ameri
ca think?" Meaning what does
this country think about the opposi
tion to conscription in Ireland T
The fact that America Is send
ing millions of men, CONSCRIPT
ED, and thousands of dollars, also
CONSCRIPTED in the form of ex
cess profits and income tax; ought
to be sufficient answer.
American guns disturb the Ger.
mans by exploding gas among
them. What a pity the country
doesnt possess what it might have
had by this time, a flock of twenty
five or thirty thousand small fly
ing machines dropping gas shells
from the sky on the German
Trom Maastricht to Verdun the
distance is about 100 miles.
Through that gateway all troops,
trains, ammunition. Dais from
Germany to the western fight
ing front A sufficiently large flock
of aeroplanes not necessarily
Tery big or very powerful could
'keep up a steady rain of dynamite
above that passageway from Ger
many to the west and make of it
aa Impassable desert
Fortunately, President Wilson Is
resting aeroplane construction his
personal business now and the
country will have flying machines,
for he will accept no other an
swer. Railroad managers employed by
the Government are to get big
salaries, it is said, as much as
forty or fifty thousand dollars a
year. The public will regulate
this matter through its repre
sentatives. There is no doubt that
good service should be well paid,
beginning with the brakeman and
going all the way up. The French
republic gives its president three
hundred and sixty thousand dol
lars a year in money, a fine palace
and many servants about five
times what we pay President
England, which is practically a
republic, and a well-managed re
public, pays its judges double and
treble what we pay ours, cives the
speaker of the House of Commons
$30,000 a year as long as he lives,
a title to make him feel important
when he retires from the speaker
ship and an imposing wig while
he is working.
Members of the English cabinet
receive $25,000 a year, and more
if they need it
This republic pays Its good
workers too little. Men are
grown-up children and must be re
warded well to make them do
their best work.
Whether a railroad man should
get five or ten times as much as
the man in charge of the New
York postoffice is a question.
Whether the railroad man's pay
should be reduced or the post
master's Increased is another
To give Mr. McAdoo for run
ning the Treasury and the rail
roads of the United States, han
dling thousands of millions, ten
thousand a year less than a big
mercantile establishment would
pay a first-class female buyer
seems preposterous. This repub
lic will have to do better and the
Income tax that we learned to use
thanks to the war, is there to pay
This war Is going to kill more
than one kind of autocracy. It will
kill tie autocracy that rides out
with the sword, saying, "I can do
anything I like because I have the
power to murder."
It will kill also the autocracy
that rides out with the check book
saying, "I can do anything I like
because I have power to buy."
A dollar coaxed from the purse
still has certain rights and digni
ties that are denied to human life
rapidly conscripted. But the dol
lar's Immunity Isn't going to last
Tt. .too, ,yJll be conscripted, and Its
loving xavnsr compelled to bid It
Profcaly showers t
nlsht or tomorrow!
warmer tomorrow. Tem
perature at 8 a. nw at
decrees, 6 decrees cooler
than average for Slay S3
for last thirty year.
Because the Submarine harbor Was Blocked
GERMANS EXECUTE 13 SAILORS
TO GET PEACE
Turning Out Engines of War In
Overwhelming Quantities for
Speedy Victory Is Ford's
Theory Put In Practice.
By DAVID LAWRENCE.
(Oopyrti-ht, HIS, by New Tot KTonlns Post
25. They are
pacifists out here
from. Henry Ford
down but they
have the right
idea about how to
fight hard for it and that she can do it
only by marshaling the most power
ful engines of war in such numbers
that the German people will see the
handwriting on the wall and delib
erately extinguish the militarism
that has set the whole world on fire.
Physical force why, the city of
Detroit symbolizes America's power.
The Ford plant alone with its enor
mous facilities and resources Is a
hues war factory already, and so ara
the other big automobils concerns.
And for versatility, it Is doubtful
whether Germany or any other na
tion can offer a better reservoir for
the numerous weapons that are need
ed to win the war.
I saw. for Instance, "baby tanks"
here which can be operated by one
man, and can be turned out by the
tens of thousands and sent across
the trenches armed with machine
guns. I saw four Ford boats, offlcl
ally known as "Eagles" and about
the size of naval destroyers, which
are absolutely going- to conquer the
submarines. I saw cylinders for Lib
erty motors for airplanes being turn
ed out by the thousands and by a
process that had never before been
I saw Liberty motors themselves
being: assembled for a quantity pro-
auction very soon of 100 a day And
I saw caissons and motor ambulances
and a plant of 35,000 workmen under
the leadership of a man they all love
everybody working: to help end the
For the transition from the Henry
Ford of Peace Ship days to the Hen
ry Ford of America at War. may
seem to the outside world a singular
evolution, out It Is nevertheless a
significant one. 'With Henry Ford
went his men. They still believe as
he does that war Is a distasteful
business but that the only way to
end this war Is to become stronger
The whole creed of the plant is
(Continued on Page fl. Column 8 )
With a Times
F. Rose at 1107 F St
secured "all the boys
they needed" after they
had used a Times Want
Phone your Ads in
yl 61to P
I tni your I
I heart says I
fern stop, prr"
in Reply to Burleson, Attacks President
AT OSTEND AND ZEEBRUGGE
HEi-P HIM. HE'S HELPING YOU!
m 'i f .BP1If .Jar fcgilr - W-
AS TORPEDO SINKS
VESSEL; 55 LOST
How U. S. Soldiers
It teas a situation calling for ths
utmott courage and steadiness. The
men responded nobly and sang as
they took to the boats They gave
three cheers as the lloldatia sank.
CAPT. JOHKSOX, U. S. A.
were still unac
counted for early
the torpedoing of
the British mer
Moldavia, sunk in
be tho one
the English channel early Thursday
morning while transporting Ameri
The missing men were all in one
compartment and are bellevd to
have been killed by explosion of the
torpedo. All officers and members
of the crew were saved by British
destroyers forming the convoy.
The Moldavia was struck at 4 a
m. There was bright moonlight, but
the submarine was not seen before
the attack. Efforts were made to
keep the ship afloat, but she sank
in about an hour.
There was no panic and the trans
fer of the soldiers and seamen to the
destroyers was made without a hitch,
the soldiers singing during the trans
fer. The soldiers lost all their belong
ings except the clothing; they wore,
but were re-outfltted when they land
ed at a channel port
They were given temporary leave.
Thie Moldavia was a steel twin
screw steamer of 9.500 tons, built In
190S. She was 510.6 feet loner, had a
beam of 5S 3 feet and a draft of 24 8.
She was owned by the Peninsula
and Oriental Steam Navigation Com
pany, and was registered at Greenock.
WASHINGTON, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY
tOuKTrirtt; ISIS I ErlaI.yiCBMMU
List of American
The War Department today re
ceived and made publlo the following:
list of .American dead In the torpedo
Ins: of the British transport Mol
davia: Corp. Fred Chapprll. 08:8 Had
dington street, Philadelphia, Pau
Corp. Hoy II. Shrnk, 347 Kul IVew
street, Lancaster. Pa.
Private Oscar O. Armstrong,
Trlvnte Andrew Blackwell, Hom
l'rtvate Grora-e D. Dooaalls, Kargo,
I'rltate Clyde E. Do.lry, North
Private Ilrvrln W. Hoaley, Xorth
Private I.rxlle C. Urarken, Royal-
Private W ulter G. Bracken, 29
Columbia avenue north, St.
I'rltate William A. Drown, Hoyst
Prltntr Crorsp Sf. Buchanan,
Prltate Umll Burner, EI Central,
Prltate Jo.eph P. rnllan, 375
Third ntrnur, Mllmaukrr, Wis.
Prltnte Fred II. I annrrll, SIO
Thomas street. Fall Illrr. Mass.
Private Lou I. V. Cuatro, 1237 Del
mas avenue, San Jon4, Cat.
Prltnte Rduin L. Cluualnir, Graf
Private Vlrjtll C. Cook, Hobart.
Private William J. Promt, Fort
Waalilnicton, Del'rre, Wis.
Private Merman lllehl. 15 Eaat
Nlnety-flrat street, NnT York
Prltate Herman W. rierdke,
Prvnte Conrad Kkel, West AIIls,
Private Fred Gerhardt. 3433 Weal
4,'ommrrre street, inicaso.
Private l:durard L. Garl, Mani
Frit ate Ilrdwald Ciottenbers;,
Plareon Falls, Wis.
Private Gnlaeppl C.rael, Lleatl.
Private Charles F. Ilackler. M1I-
(Continued on Peg-e 3, Column 8 )
wiirrc sulphur springs, w. t.
Nka f fafcasW A m atl AnA ai aai anlA a . .
eurmtlva watars. Over-nlf at trom WaiMnftno.
HE BOUGHT DRUG
Va. May 25 "I
purchased It for
taking; my own
A court room
who craned their
necks to see and
ears to hear.
I Kepp ISj
this light j
far Ilia 1
was present when Dr. Lemuel J. John
50s, 'young Middlesex (N. C) dentist
on trial for alleged wife murder here,
made this admission while on the
wltneef stand In his own behalf.
Johnson's statement was in answer
to a question by his attorney, John
E Woodard, of Wilson, N". C. as to
why he had purchased a phial of
aconltlne shortly before he swallowed
It In an attempt at e Weld a at a Wil
son hotel a few days after he had
attended the funeral of his secret
bride, Alice Knlxht Johnson, In Klch
n.erd. It was the first time, with one ex
ceptlon, tha't Johnson has ever ad-
iiltted having Known what he was
doing during those several hours In
Wilson, during which he wrcte a
number of farewell letters 4nd pro
pared to die On one occasion In the
past he gave a statement to The
Washington Times, which was Tub
llshed on January (! last. In which he
tcid how and why he took the poison
ond detailed Ms effects on htm.
"I felt no pain: I Just got cold and
numb all over, and the next thing I
woke up and found myself In the
hospital, Johnson said. In describing
the sensations that he experienced
after swallowing the poison.
Asked what led to the act, he told
the Jury that he had Just burled his
child wife In Richmond; that lill
mother was critically 111 back In the
home at Middlesex: that his own
health was run down, due to over
work, that he was expecting to be
recalled for army service through the
operation of the draft, and tha't he
dreaded telling Miss Ollle White, his
(Continued on Page 2, Column 8.)
TO END OWN L FE
T. R. DECLARE
Colonel Writes to Senator Poin
dexter That Critics of Gov
ernment Are Citizens Rather
Than Subjects of -Nation.
replied to critl
, cisms of his writ
injrX voiced re
rfeatly by Post
Burleson. In a
letter to Sena
Roosevelt asked that, as Burleson's
attack on him bad been Riven wide
publicity, the reply be printed in the
Coufjresaional Record. At Foindex
ter's request this was done.
Roosevelt declared that durinjt the
past year the action of the Admin
istration, taken largely through the
Portoffice Department, has been
such as to render it a matter of
some danger for any man, and es
pecially any newspaper, to speak the
truth, "if that truth be unpleasant to
the jrovernmental authorities at
Agent of President
Colonel Roosevelt In his statement
"I deal with Mr. Burleson and his ac
tions purely because he Is & representa
tlve of President Wilson, exactly as Is
Secretary Baker, exactly as Is Mr. Creel.
"President Wilson Is responsible for
everything Postmaster General Burleson
and Secretary Baker and Mr. Creel do or
"Nothing that any one of these gentlo
men ssys, nothing that any one of them
does, and nothing that any one of them
leates undone Is of the slightest Im
potance except because he Is President
Wilson's representative, appointed by
President Wilson to aposlIon of high
governmental Importance In a great
crisis and serving as the medium
through which President Wilson carries
out his policies aflectlng this country.
hls Is, of course, equally true of
(Continued on Page IS, Column 8.)
The railroad fare between Wash
Ington and New Terk soon will be
$7 25 Instead of S8.10 as at present.
Mlleace books will cost 1 20 50 in
stead of 21 30 for a thousand miles.
A general Increase In railroad pas
senger fares, and freight rates Is to
bo announced by Director General of
Railroads McAdoo early next week,
almost coincident with announce
ment of a big general Increase In
railroad wages as announced by the
Railroad Wage Commission.
The wage ralso will proide for
Increases aggregating J300.000.000 a
year or more. Passenger fares and
freight rates are to be raised to
absorb not only tho wage Increase,
but the heavy outlay to bo made
for locomotives and cars for the
Passenger fares are to be In
creased, It la learned, at least to a
basis of 3 cents a mile. The present
Washington-New York fare Is at the
rata of 2.7 cents a mile, and mileage
books are sold at the rate of 2.5 cents
a mile. The mileage rate will be
Increased to at least 3 cents, and the
trip fares on all lines will be ln
is Bed Cross f
I Week. Help J
.call you I
Ejl can- EsS
IQoswz Wafl Street Prices.
GERMANS' DRIVE IS
PARIS, May 21 The German often
live has been broken, declared 'Andre
Tardleu .famous French statesman. In
an Interview printed today.
He added: "The allies now have as
surances that Americans will arrive In
time for this decisive battle. The capital
problems transportation and disposition
of the American troops have now been
settled. Tea transportation ot American
troops Is now rolnr on at a much
greater rata than at th beginning of the
Tie transportation of troops from
America to France Is notably In excess
of German troops from the Russian to
the western front.
'All French needs In war materials
are now covered until the end ot this
M. Tardleu Is French high commis
sioner to the United States. He has Just
arrived In Franca from the United
Grace Lark's Calamity Was
Such As Might Overtake Any
Good Girl Who Had Lived
Sheltered Life, Says Beatrice
By BEATRICE: FAIRFAX.
Wis.. May 23. "I
realized Dr. Rob
erts and I had a
different point of
view. I loved hint,
but with him it
was a game. I had
lost my reputation
and with It my
In clear, level
tones Grace Lusk told this to the
Jurors yesterday In the Waukesha
court house, where she Is on trial
for the killing of Mrs. Roberts.
Not twenty feet away sat Dr. Rob
erts, the man for whom she threw
away all the fruits of a hard, stu
dious girlhood and the secure and hon
orable position that It had taken
twenty years of her llfo to win.
He is not a heroic-looking figure,
a little fuszy looking man with gray
hair and black eyes. But If he had
the beauty of , the Apollo Belvldere
and the genius 6f Michael Angelo com
bined, he arould not be worth a sen
tence written by any woman.
I was glad to say that epitaph, but
the epitaph was Grace Lusk's. not
Such a nice, wholesome looking
woman, the type one takes to almost
automatically The whole case Is
Some of her letters, to different
woman friends, were read yesterday
in court, and they bubbled over with
humor and humanity She writes to
Miss Fry of her weariness In correct
ing school papers. After three she
wants to rest, after twenty she feels
herself no longer a member of a
She Is overjoyed at the prospects
of a holiday, and no wonder, since
he has been teaching and studying
since she was six.
There was talk of a wardrobe
trunk, which she hoped to get at a
bargain, and she asked a friend to
whom she Is writing to look at one.
If she has time, that had been ad
vertised In Chicago. And always
exact In detail. Miss Lusk encloses
the Illustration of the trunk sho has
She has all the problems of the
(Continued or Page 2. Column 3.)
LOST AND FOUND
POCKETDOOK contmlnlnr valuable papers
Alo pajw to" Kmenrency Flt Corporation.
RMurn to 115 U t N K. Reward 3
LOST Whit linen embroMereJ dres at
PaUla Royal. May X. after - SO Tlease
return to 00 DAHLIA ST. anJ recei.e re
LOST mil folder, on which ownernanie
aDDeara. con lain In r valuable nirwm in vt
clnltjr of ?th ami the Avenue or on lltti street
ear inaer pnone .-01 HuO Reward. 1-3
PEARI. and aappnlra bar pin. Thursday
Phone West 1103. MIS3 KVANS. 1-H
(.Conttnutd on ClassiU& Pag.,
B call from I
1 "Over There.'' I
PRICE TWO CENTS.
Story of Trial and Execution
of Convicted Men Brought
From Bruges to Amsterdam
May 26. Fiftea
-were tried at Oi
tend in cansec
tlon trith tha
British naval op
eration which re
sulted in the
blocking of Oa-
tend and Zeebruinre harbors, accord-
fait to reports from Brnjfes brought
here today by fishermen.
Thirteen of the sailors were ex
ecuted. The other two -were sen
tenced to 20 years' imprisonment.
RAGING IN PRAGUE
COPE.VHAGEN, May 25. Disorders
continue in Prague, according to re
ports reaching here.
The demonstrations frequently cheer
President Wilson and Premier Lloyd
George. Many arrests have been
The Czechs, Poles and Southern
Slave are said to be preparing for a
violent demonstration against the
government. In connection with the
reopening of the parliament
ZURICH. May 23. Travelers arriv
ing here from Germany declared to
day that discontented Bulgarian
soldiers attacked Emperor Charles'
train after It had left Constantinople.
The soldiers stoned the train, sev
eral windows being broken.
The death of two decorated Amer!-j
can aviators as the result of an ac
cidental fall and the shooting down
of two German airplanes were report
ed in General Pershing's communique,
made public by the War Department
The communique follows'
"Section A There are no new de
velopments to report. It Is establish
ed that our aviators shot down two
hostile machines on May 21
"Section B On Wednesday after
noon. First Lieut Walter V Barneby.
signal corps, of Sumner, Wash., and
Second Lieut Kenneth P Colbert.
United States marines, or Orange, X
J., were fatally Injured by the acci
dental fall of an airplane In which
they were acting respectively as pilot
and observer Roth officers died dur
ing the night.
in the evening both were decorated
with the Croix de Guerre, with th
palm for excellent, faithful, and cour
ageous work In numerous former
flights. Their valor In operating ta
Selchprey on April 20, under heavy
lire and under adverse weather condi
tions, was especially mentioned.
LONDON. May 15 British forces
successfully raided German positions
In the sector cf Hamel and north ot
Albert durlne- the night, capturing
forty prisoners and two machine
guns, the British war office an
North of Lens a few mora German
prisoners were taken.
(Hamel and Albert are In the north-
ern end of the PIcardy batUefrentA