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WHWIIU.il - .....JJ.l.
Bend for the Guillotine.
Read About Napoleon.
The Aaerican Soldier.
Tkkkkg Wits Wars.
Fair tealakt. Bandar
(air and mratr. Tea
Brratarr at 8 a. as- W dr.
K-rrc. Xormal tenpera
lore an Jalr SO far Ike
Ul thirty years, 77 de
grrea. NUMBER 10,594.
Published ery evening (ineludlss 8asAjL7
EaUrvd aa eeond-elaVM Butter at t peat
offle at WuhlTtjrton. D. G.
WASHINGTON, SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 20. 1918. fOosn WalSfreet Prices., ' PRICE TWO CENTS.
. By ABTHUB BR1SBA7TE.
i Tha Cunarder Carpathia Is sank,
Ul the San Diego, an American
axillary cruiser. U destroyed
probably by a Geraan mine or
In these last-hour killings there
Is aa little comfort for Prussia as
there was for that murderer on his
way to the guillotine who killed the
kindly priest with a heavy brass,
crucifix that the priest had given
A few extra murders do not
change the fact that Prussian auto
cracy IS on its way to the guillo
tine. The knife will fall soon.
The good news from Europe is
due largely to the fighting quality
of the young American soldier, and
his fighting is based on his
The American boy. as an indi
vidual, fights as did the great
Napoleon using armies for bis
Napoleon, like the young men
from all over this country fighting
in the woods and shell holes and
along the river banks of France,
acted upon the moment's' quick
thought. This made It hard for an
enemy with plenty of discipline,
but little thought.
Napoleon crossed the Alps with
aa army in winter.
"Dont 'praise me," said he,
j "winter is the best time, there are
no snow slides. I deserve credit
only for not believing fools who
said It couldn't be done."
Two young .Americans captured
by Germans were put in a canvas
boat to be rowed across the Marne
to the German camp. They were
thinking while sitting in the boat,
and did not Tflra the German camp
They rocked the boat, fell out
with their captors, swam ashore
and got away.
Napoleon, watching his gunners
shooting at enemy troops fleeing
across a frozen lake, gave the or
der. "Lower your aim: shoot at
the ice." '
The Ice was broken, the fleeing
anay Jell in, and was DROWNED.
American soldiers in the fight
ing of two days ago found them
serves scattered in the woods and
entirely outnumbered. Tinder such
conditions, Prussian soldiers, with
no one to -command them, surren-'
dered. The Americans in groups'
of two or -three went fighting,
their motto being, as one of. them
put it,, "to fight While the fighting
Aa American machine gunner,
all alone, arranged his gun to
cover a line of advancing Ger
mans. Just then part of his light
hand was shot away. The German
column changed its direction.. He
was not able to change the posi--tion
of his gun with only one
hand. He fired his automatic re
volver with his left, "guiding the
German column back to the line
of his machine gun, which he
turned loose with telling effect.
Napoleon knew how to make the
most of his numbers. When, a
mere boy, he took the French
army into Italy and against Aus
tria. He was always doing things
which the experienced Austrian
generals said "were not war."
The Austrian command put half
of its force on one side of a river,
i1f on the other, "to be sure to
meet Napoleon." They met them.
He kept his forces together and
beat one-half of the Austrian army,
then crossed the river and beat the
Sergt. J. F. Brown, twenty-three
years old, found himself alone with
his captain. They hid in a thicket,
while Germans passed in large
groups. Then charged and cap
tured a machine gun. The gun
killed The captain. Brown killed
the gunner; another stray Ameri
can came along. He and Brown
got another machine gun.
Eleven other Americans heard
the fighting and .came up, making
a party of thirteen.
With their repeating rifles they
scattered and chose well-separated
positions about a German trench.
The cabled account says:
"Brown raked the trench with
his automatic rifle. Twelve Ameri
cans opened up from twelve dif
The Germans, attacked in thir
teen different places, imagined
themselves surrounded by superior
forces, -and came out with their
hands in the sir, led by a German
More than one hundred of them
surrendered to thirteen young
Americans, who were new at fight
ing, but not new at THINKING.
"Circumstances. I make circum
stances," said Napoleon. The
thinking American soldiers TAKE
circumstances as they And them,
and make them suit their purpose.
They fight better in scattered
groups than in crowds.
Napoleon knew that the individ
ual if given the chance could do
his own planning. He made a
lawyer's son King of Sweden the
family still rules there. Ho told
his men that each had a marshal's
baton with his knapsack. It was
for the soldier to produce It.
The average American in tha
khaki of a private has the think
ing mind of a pretty good general
la bis bead.
Put ten thousand Americans op
jtCoaUaued onPace 2. Column 44.
MILK LAWS TO
IN 0. C. COURTS
Outcome of Hearing on Pro
posal to "Relax" Rules Will Be
Prompt Prosecution of All
Vanaroneek, IT. T., Jnly 19.
Just read In your -edition of
17th that District milk dlstrlbn
tora want to sell milk from
dajrlea not rcgnlarly Inspected.
While It la always a crime to
teed Tonne; children' on such milk
without the safeguard of pas
teurisation. It Is .especially ao,
f nowadays,' when-' theWastae-'or-
ltnman (lie makes the Boring; of
children a national duty. To act
such an example at the seat ot
National Goremment would canse
most serious consequences
thronshoat the country. 'When
I made propaganda tor milk pas
teurisation I found some of the
dealers In Washington the most
unscrupolous of any city In which
I tansht how to protect the pub
lic from milk-borne .disease.
Dy Bin TKICE.
What's going to happen to a bunch
of Washington milk dealers who ad
mit that they have 'been bringing In
and selling milk from dairies without
permits from the District Health De
partment is Just this:
"Within a few days they will find
an officer waiting upon them with a
warrant for violation of the District
health laws and they will have to
defend themselves in the District
Conrad Syme. corporation counsel,
and scrapper par excellence when he
goes over the top, has decided that
the answer of the District to the ap
peal of milk dealers is to prosecute
them to the limit and to prosecute all
other violators of the laws relating
to the bringing in and sale of milk in
Syme reached his decision this
morning after listening to the test!
mony before the District Commission
ers yesterday afternoon at the hear
ing at which attorneys for milk deal
ers urged an alleged shortage of milk
and asked a letting down of health
laws that they may be permitted to
bring milk here from unlicensed
dairies which means milk from
herds that have not been tested for
tuberculosis; which means milk from
farms where there is no more sani
tary cleanliness than in the abode of
a drove of pigs; where flies swarm
and the colored help wash their
hands only on Sundays when starting
So the response of the District gov
ernment to the appeal of milk dealers
is to be prompt prosecution of a num
ber who have been and are violating
the laws and regulations as construed
by the health and legal departments
of the city government.
Inspectors of the Health Depart
ment and police officials have been
obtaining evidence against dealers
ever since the decision by the Supreme
(Continued on Tage 3, Column 1.)
LOST AND FOUND
MARYLAND DEALERS AUTO TAO NO. S
ls. Iteward for rrtum to
BCICK MOTOR CO..
1GS L tt. N. TV. 2
BAG-rElIk-llned tatUnr. on Wrdnndar, be
tween Bomruonian institution and Dot.
garden: containing pune. hand. Phone Col.
J"JUll KTAK UOU) SERVICE PIN Mrs.
HAiuiT miTO.-i, as oarntid rL. or 1M0
H . N. W. SI
PURSE Woe beaded, on tin and T L car
about S p. m. Return to owner Reward,
MJ Plckford place N. i: a
RKWARD-tnet. etnye4 or eto'en. three
black kittens, one iery email: one with
whlte.pou on chet. one aU black. Reward,
H' Ch et. N. E. 1-a
JCnlsMMtf Plutijltd JtwcaJi
American Cruiser Sunk Off New York
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The armored cruiser San Diego
in 1902. She was christened the California. Later,
when .the dreadnought California was -launched,
the name of the cruiser was changed to the
San Diego. She had a displacement of 13,630
tons, was 602 feet, long, and had a speed of 22
knots an hour. It is estimated that the cruiser
cost $5,341,754. She carried an armored belt fore
IT IS SHOT
IN JEALOUS FIT BY
AJWISTON, Ala., July 10. Sergt
Herman Mack, of Baltimore, a former
member of Company G. Fourth Mary
land Infantry, was shot through the
stomach' here at 2 o'clock this morn
ing by W. M. Kerr, a pool room pro
prletor, and is in the base hospital at
Camp McClellan, dangerously wound
The shooting occurcd at the room
ing house of Mrs. Kerr, from whom
Kerr recently separated, and, accord
ingto the statement of several women
roomers, who witnessed the shooting,
Kerr shot the soldier while in a fit of
Kerr was arrested by members of
the military polico shortly after tae
shooting, and is a military prisoner
at the city JalL
Mack was a member of Company C,
HCth Infantry, following the re
organization of the Blue and Gray
division, and since this organization
moved overseas, was on duty at the
camp stockade as provost sergeant.
ATLANTA. Ga., July 20. Winning
their fight for union recognition,
striking street railway employes who
have tied up the city's transportation
system for four days returned to
work early today.
The strike ended last night, when
President P. S. Arkwrlght. of the
Georgia Street Hallway and Power
Company, Bigned an agreement In
which the company recognizes the
carmen's union "as a fact,' and con
cedes the right of employes "to af
filiate with same."
GERMAN PASTOR JAILED.
HARTFORD. Conn., July 20. Rev.
Theodore Bucssel. pastor of the Ger
man Lutheran Church at Bristol, found
guilty of seditious utterances, has
been sentenced to ten years, on each
of three counts. In Atlanta Dcnlten-
tiary, by Judge II. B. Howe, of tha
TTnll. Stal. .-niief Th rtn ntn
A UN A A IN
RETURN TO WORK
was laid down
PARIS, July 20. Confirmation of 1
Lieut. Quentln Roosevelt's death
during an aerial battle Sunday
near Chateau-Thierry was con
tained in a note dropped by a
German aviator in the aviation
camp to which Roosevelt was at
tached, the Journal announced
AND 2 ZEPPELINS
COPENHAGEN'. July 20. A British
air raid on the Schleswlg-Holsteln
coast resulted In the destruction ot a
great hangar and two Zeppelins
which it contained, it was learned to
day. Schleswlg-Holsteln Is a German
state bordering on Denmark and con
taining the great Kiel naval base. It
is 350 miles frorr the English coast
or the nearest part of the western
TO GET COLONELCY
Eight officers attached to Provost
Marshal General Crowder's office are
to be recommended for promotion as
a reward for the efficiency and co
operation with which they have been
conducting the draft machine. The
To be colonels: Lieut. Cols. C. B.
Warren, Detroit; James S. Eaaby
Smlth. Washington, D. C and John
H. Wigmore, Chicago.
Majors to be lieutenant colonels:
Joseph Fairbank, St. Johnsbury. VL:
urani i ireni. iiogersvnia, ienn. :
Roscoc S. Conklin, New Yorli and H.
C. Kramer. Elizabeth. N. J T
Capt. H. C. Stephenson. Colilngs-
wooo, xi. J, to bo aaado
EOR DRAFT WORK
Photo Copyright by International.
and' sltC extending above and below the wafer line.
This belt was. five .inches thick at the ends and six
inches amidships. The armament of .the .ship con
sisted of four 8-inch, fourteen 6-inch and eighteen
3-inch rapid fire guns. She also carried four 3
pounders and had two 18-inch torpedo tubes. She
had four funnels, one standing military mast, and
one basket mast.
WOMAN ENDS LIE
BY SETTING FIRE
CUMBERLAND. Md.j July 20. Mrs.
Elizabeth Alex, wife of Charles Alex,
committed suicide by fire at Western
port last night. Tha suicide bad been
Mrs. Alex prepared the material
for the fire in the day time In an
outhouse and last night stole away
from the rest of the family. She
poured oil on her clothing and ig
nited It. She was discovered frightfully-burned,
and preparations .were
being mado to take her to a hoa
pltal when she died.
Mrs. Alex had been til about three
months and was subject to fits of In
sanity. It is claimed, the result of
an attack of typhoid fever five years
ago. She was forty years old. Two
President Wilson's order taking
over the telephone and telegraph
lines of the country is being held up.
It was learned today, while the De
partment of Justice Investigates the
international phase of the situation.
It was pointed out that some of the
cable companies are either wholly or
partly foreign-owned, and the Juris
diction of the United States In these
cases will be fully determined before
the. President acts.
There Is some possibility. It was
said, of the President taking over the
lines that are entirely American
owned In the very near future, but the
general belief Is that he will wait
until the department has submitted
its report, and then take over; all the
lines, If so authorized. In one order.
The Investigation Is of such a char
acter that it cannot be completed
much before the end of next week,, it
wis Indicated, and possibly may re'
quire two weeks.
ROADS PLEASE McADOO.
PORTLAND, Ore.. July 20. Railroad
Director William G. McAdoo arrived
in Portland yesterday on his tour ot
the Pacific coast, accompanied by
Mrs, McAdoo and his official party.
PHASE HOLDS UP
Navy Department Officials Still
Doubt That U-Boat .Was -Re-,
sponsible Despite Report Re
That tha IT. S. Cruiser Saa Diego
was- sunk by a torpedo Is the "belief
expressed by the captain of the ves
sel in his report to the Navy Depart
Navy officials here, however, are
still undetermined aa to the cause of
the sinking of the San Diego, Rear
Admiral Palmer, acting secretary of
the Navy, stated today. While the
captain bellTesirlorpdo struck the
war vessel and sent It to the bottom,
no one saw a submarine, a periscope,
or .a wake. Palmer said . ' .'
Furthermore three vessel standing
by. were not attacked.
No internal axploslonoceurred. of
ficials are positive.
The extent of the loss of life is
undetermined, pending checking up of
survivors with the muster-roll of the
ship, which Is expected soon at the
The San Diego was going at the
rate of fifteen knots and sank In fif
teen minutes. Admiral Palmer said.
The sea was smooth and the weather
The rescued of the crew were
transferred to the U. S. MauL
JHen Behaved Well.
All reports say the San Diego,, men
handled themselves splendidly, tak
ing their stations as though oaly go
ing through dally drill. vTOe mine
theory was discounted by 'reason of
the location of tha .explosion. A mine
ordinarily explodes forward. In this
case there was a single explosion
aft. No magazines blew up. and
everything pointed to absence of a
mine. There was a suggestion in
some quarters, however, that a mine
loosed by the first U-boat raiders had
strangely exploded aft.
Department messages indicated a
small loss of life. Some persons un
accounted for are believed to have
perished In the explosion.
A statement by the Navy .Depart
"The captain of the San Diego re
ports that he Is Inclined to the belief
that the ship was sunk by a. torpedo.
There are no conclusive factors, how
ever on'whlch to base a definite opin
ion at present. In view of the follow
First. No torpedo wake was seen.
Second. No convincing evidence that
periscope was seen.
Third. No submarine appeared, in
aDlte of the fact that three unarmed
rescue ships were in the vicinity for
about two hours.
Fourth. The ship was struck on port
side abaft beam, which discourages
Fifth. Weather was line; amoom
RUMOR OF 300 LOST
tv!xv TORK. July 20. Reports that
300 perished In the sinking of the V.
S. Cruiser San Diego off Fire Island
were not confirmed here today. Con
siderable confusion existed aa to the
tinmbur of Eurvlvors. The rumor that
300 were missing was ascribed to sail
ors who landed at fire isiana. ana
who said S00 men had been counted In
tho lifeboats tiat got away sareiy.
The cruiser's complement was 1,1 It
men, but she was believed to have
more than that number aboard, as re
cruits were being brought to New
York from Portsmouth.
Heavy firing was heard off the Long
Island shore during the night. It Is
known that destroyers and submarine
chasers are on the lookout for U
boats In those waters.
After the San Diego was blown up.
some of her guns were worked until
she sank, nftten minutes later, sur
Much shooting was done at a float
ing barrel, which it was thought
jaliat bo ounce all n,g a neriaoopa.
U; S. WISER
ONSLAUGHT OF ALUES
LONDON, July 20 (1:55 p. ra,J. Franco
American troops, after repulsing therripst violent
counter attacks on the whole front from oisspns to
Chateau-Thierry, rushed forward again and" are, still
making progress, it was learned from an authoritative
source this afternoon.
Prisoners counted by the allies on ihis front now,
total more than i 8,800, if was stated.
SokaoBS, one of die objectives of the Franco-Amer
ican armies' in their counter
according to Paris dispatches.
Elsewhere along the AipMrWfroktthe allies coa
tmuetheur. yt.caagn-gMr tjBpffs tfrTkipz
are molioy, YiUetsHetoKO,ltaayt5toBb Xtcr-Cfecaoo.
and Vietzy. i"--"r
Nearly 170,000 actual fighting Americans are engaged
in the'main drive, according to General March m his week
Iy conference with newspapermen today.
Latest official dispatches to the War Department de
clare that fighting is stiH in- progress, with the capture off
guns and prisoners in "very hopeful" amounts, .
NAMES TROOPS ALLIED TROOPS
NOW FIGHTING CONTINUE
The'Azneriean divisions engaged oa
the larger front of the present offen
sive are the First, Second, Third, and
Fourth regulars and the Twenty-sixth
and Twenty-eighth national guard.
In addition, the Forty-second na
tional guard is on the right flank In
the Champagne together with a col
ored regiment from the new Ninety
Official naming1 of the American
forces how battling In thejgrcat of
fensive were given by Chief of Staff
March today in his weekly conference
with press correspondents. At the
same time he revealed that the maxi
mum penetration of the Franco-Americans
is ten miles, with a general
penetration of seven miles.
170.000 American Flahtlns;.
Nearly 170,000 actual fighting Amer
icans are engaged in the main drive.
The last official dispatches receiv
ed at the War Department today de
clared the fighting was still .in prog
ress, with the capture ot guns and
prisoners in very hopeful amounts.
Incidentally March stated we have
now shipped more than 1,200.000
The position ot the Illinois nation
al guard division, which trained at
Camp Logan, Tex., was revealed as
the English training sector, and it
was made known that a unit from that
organization took part with the Aus
tralians In their fight last week.
Under Own General. .
The Seventy-seventh Division waa
revealed aa in the line near Lune
vllle. operating as- an American unit
under its own commander.
The Twenty-sixth division Is com
posed ot New England national guard
troops and the Twenty-eighth Penn
sylvania. The Forty-second Is the
Rainbow division and the Seventy
seventh is New York national army
Captures of prisoners, March admit
ted, follow closely press accounts
The last official reports concerning
Solssons declared t to be under heavy
bombardment, with the allies very
(Continued on Page. 3, CoiriTrm 30.
clrivt, has been recaptured
PAKIS, July SOThe Franco
American forces between the Alsaa
and. the Marne have continued their,
advance, capturing Ave mora villages,
the French war office announced to
The allied forces retook Motloy,
Vlllers-Helon, Neullly-St. Front, Uey
Cllgnon, and Vlerzy.
Reports reaching here today saw
Solssons has also been recaptured.
A wood was recaptured from tha
Germans on. this front also.
Dnrlng Friday evening, said tha
communique, the Franco-American
forces continued to fight their way
forward over the ground on which the
big counter offensive was launched
on Thursday. . v
South ot the Marne the French,
threw back the German forces be
tween Fossoy and Neullly and .gained
ground, advancing northward toward
PARIS, July 20 (1:15 pi m.).
French and American troops continue
to .advance on the greater part of tha
offensive front, between the Alsna
and the Marne, tha French war offlea
announced today. , The Important
town of Neullly-St. Front has beaa
South ot the Marne allied troop
hurled the Germans back on the fit-teen-mile
front between Fossoy and
Oeullly, gaining more ground toward
-Between tha Aisne and the Marne,
throughout yesterday evening and
last night. Franco-American forces
advanced on the greater part of th
front," the communique said.
"We reached Vleray (already re
ported In the hands ot the Americans)
and. passed out of Melloy wood, east
of Vlllers-Helon (nine miles south ot
Solssons). We took Neullly-St. Front
"South, of the Marne we hurled tia