Peace Is Very Gentle.
Italy's Stmny Day.
Fair tonight and tomor
row not modi change
tor at 8 a. m.. 4T de
srreesl normal tempera
t for Jfov. S (or last
30 rears, 49 degrees.
pobllitaed every event nr (Including Sunday)
Soter4 a second-otau matter, at th poet
office at Waanlnrton. d. C
WASHINGTON, WEDNESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 6, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS.
B? JLBTHTJR BKISBASE.
J" (Copyrlrbt. 111 )
The man 'who did not vote with
"Woodrtrsr Wilson yesterday, if he
herald come back in 100 j-car and
read the history of the world as it
will be written, will ark himself:
"What was the matter with me?
What got into my headT How
could I have lived in tne most im
portant day that the world has
known since the first monkey
started ont to be a mnn, andnut
have known enough toio aiy shara
in the crisis?"
The election being over, the
world knows a little more than it
did before about the intelligence
of the voter, and the success of
The most pleasing thing to con
template jnstnow is the intense
delight of our good friends in Italy;
their victory and their joy are
. They have conquered the peace
that they wanted. They will get
back the territory taken away
from them; they had the satisfac
tion of driving off the armies of
Austria, capturing hundreds of
thousands of men and thousands
of guns before peace came.
The sunny day has come for
Italy at last The oldest Italians
can remember the day in January,
1859, when King Victor Emanuel
thrilled the parliament of Italy,
describing the Italian cry of an
guish, " grido del dolore," as he
announced that former war sgainst
Austria. Never was greater ex
citement seen in any assembly
than on that occasion.
And never was disappointment
more powerfully expressed than
by the Italian patriot Ricasoli
when the treacherous peace of
Villa Fraca put an end for the
time to Italy's hopes. "After that
peace," said Ricasoli, "I spat
upon my life." "Ho eputato tulla
Italy has held to the idea of lib
erty, in good times and bad, and
now safety, power, permanent na
tional development have come.
North and northeast the boun
daries of Italy will be made by this
peace what they should be.
And to the east across the
Adriatic, where many convenient
-ports and -refuges 'for enemy ships
have threatened Italy's unprotect
ed coast Italy will be protectedas.
Gerniany has the terms on which
peace can be made.
The nations ask. "What will
Germany do!" The answer Is,
"What can she do, but accept the
terms?" With Russian Insanity on
the east of her; and enemies every
where on all sides of her, Ger
many has the choice of surrender
or suicide. And nations do not
As you read the terms that Aus
tria has accepted, you echo per
haps the opinion that they are
As a matter of fact such terms
in ancient warfare would have
been considered the mildest gen
tlest terms Imaginable.
In history not so ancient, be
sieged cities, after suffering hun
ger and thirst for a.certain period,
would offer unconditional surren
der If the lives of the citizens were
spared. That was refused usually,
and when the city was captured,
all were massacred men, women,
and children. It happened not
once but thousands of times. It
was the regular thing.
And William the Conqueror,
cornerstone of modem British
greatness, added a touch of his
own after capturing one city by
taking the principal citizens, hav
ing them skinned, and hanging
their hides on the city wall. They
had insulted the mother of the
conqueror, who happened to be
the daughter of a humble tanner.
Those who worry about "illegiti
mate war children" may remember
with comfort that the conqueror
was illegitimate but prospered.
Read in Winwood Reade's
"Martyrdom of Man" about the
siege and conquest of Carthage;
only dead bodies were left to tell
the tale of the defenders. The city
was leveled to the ground, the site
on which it stood plowed up,
and salt scattered so that the
grass might not grow.
Or read in Fererro's history of
Rome about the capture of the
Jewish city in Caesar's day, how
' men survivinr the most ilcnni.
defense, killed their women to
save them, and then killed them
selves. The peace that we call "terribly
severe" would have seemed as mild
as mush and milk to cur ferocious
G.O.P. CONTROLS CONGRESS
Members of Congress Whose Relations to the District Will Be Much Changed
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SENATOR WESLEY I. JONES
Of Washing-ton, who U slated to
sneceed Senator Smith, of Mary
land as chairman of the Senate
District of Columbia Committee
in event of Republican organiza
tion of the Senate. Senator Jones
has long: taken a deep interest in
the welfare of the National Capiat.
CUftOiUiS&MAN THOMAS U. SISSON
Of Mississippi, who i to loss, the
chairmanship of the subcommit
tee of the House Appropriation
Committee which makes up the
District of Columbia appropria
tion bill. He has been a con
sistent opponent of the half-and-half
plan of appropriations for
SENATOR JOHN WALTER SMITH
of Maryland, who will lose the
chairmanship of the Senate Dis
trict of Columbia Committee and
the chairmanship of the subcom
mittee of the Appropriations Com
mittee that makes up the District
bill, If Republicans gain contro
of the upper house, as return to
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. CTjCAfo .
CONGRESSMAN BEN JOHNSON.
Of Kentucky, who Is to V lose
the chairmanship of the House
District of Columbia Committee.
He will remain In control fit. the
District Committee until MaJbh 4.
CONGRESSMAN CARL E. MAPES.
Of Michigan, who Is prob
ably to be the new chairman of
the House District of Columbia
Committee. He lonr has been
Identified with projects for the
betterment of Washington and 1 v
one" of th4 most progressive of
D. . COMMITTEES,
TO BE HEADED BY
MAPES AND JONES
N NEW YORK
Eepublican control of the House and Senate, which
is regarded as assured by reason of the elections yester
day, means that new chairmen will be chosen for the
House District Committee and for the Senate District Com
In the House, Chairman Ben Johnson, after March 4,
will be replaecd by a Eepublican. Congressman Mapes of
Michigan is the man who will be chosen for the chair
manship in all probability.
In the Senate, Senator John "Walter Smith of Mary
land, who now heads the District Committee, will likewise
be succeeded by a Republican
tor Jones of Washington Is likely to
bo his successor.
Not only will there be changes In
the chairmanships of lb' District
committees, but In the sub-commit
tees of the two houses -which hae
Jurisdiction of the District appropri
Congressman Slsson of Mississippi.
who now Is chairman of the District
subcommittee of the House Appro
priations Committee mlv ho Is an
opponent of the 4ialf-and half system.
will give way to a Republican In
the Senate Senator John Walter
Smith, who has headed the subcom
mittee as well as the District Com
mittee, will be displaced as head of
the subcommittee by the new chair
man of the District Committee.
Chairman Johnson, of the House
District Committee, Is re-elected to
the House. Mr Mapes Is the ranking
Republican, except Cary of Wiscon
sin, who was not renominated. Mr.
Mapes Is In line for the District
chairmanship if he desires It.
The District Committee. In event
of Republican control, will not be
reorganized until after March 4 It
will stand as It Js up to that time.
For the Immediate present, there-
(Contlnued on Page 2, Column 4 )
Read Cromwell's brief message
to the English Parliament, after
he had, as he pat it, "pacified Ire
land." Short was his message:
"I shot every tenth man; the rest
I sent to the galleys; the monks
I knocked on the head."
The world has become much
gfntlAr now, only taking truns,
submarines, warships; and dis
banding enemy armies to keep
them ont of mischief.
HELP WANTED FEMALE
COOK Short order; ?hort
hours; good pay. Apply
807 14th st. N. V. 1-4
8 cooks applied from the
above ad in The Times.
Mr. Bush proprietor of this
cafe says he always gets
splendid returns from
Times "Result Getters."
You can phone Want
Ads to The Times. Jill
will be sent
SII AT PEACE
The United States Government to
day notified Roumanla that her separ
ate peace with the central powers
would not prejudice her Interests at
the peace table.
Secretary Lansing- wrote the Rou
manian charge that the United States
would exert Its Influence toward ful
fillment of Koumania's Just ambitions
Roumanla had feared her rights
would be overlooked A few days
ago the Roumanian charge presented
a memorandum outlining her aims
and suggesting they would be recog
NET YORK. Nov. C Alfred E.
Smith, Democratic candidate for gov
ernor, has a lead over Gov. Charles
S. Whitman, of 6.422 votes, accord
ing to latest returns giving the com
plete vote in New lork city and
with 502 up-State districts missing.
Most of these are expected to help
Smith's plurality in this city Is
265,661 as he received 58.611 Votes
here against 282.050 for Whitman.
The soldier vote, which Is estima
ted at 43,000, Is expected to play an
Important part In deriding the final
result. The Democrats are claiming
two-thlrds of this vole
Patrick McCabc, Democratic leader
of Albany county; Mate Committee
man Wltllai i V. Cooke, and William F.
Kearney, secretary of the Democratic
committee of Albany county, today
went to the secretarj of state's ofi'IcB
where the soldier and sailor nalloti
will be counted
Republicans, apparently, have -sleet-'
ed twenty-six of their candidates to
the House of Representatives, the
Democrats eleven, and six districts
Democrat, defeated for re-election,
according to dispatches re
ceived from Colorado, who has.
been prominent in labor legls!a"'
tion. and is one of the authors
of the McKellar-Keatinr bill for
a pension and retirement sysv
tern for Govermnenterks; -x
A-fJSMP'CCSRK APfMNTlY WINS
BY SMALL MAJORITY
ST. LOUIS, Mo., Nov. 6. Champ Clark, Speaker
of the House, apparently has been re-elected Congress
man from the Ninth Missouri district over B. H. Dyer,
Virtually complete returns from two counties, St.
Charles and Warren, Republican majorities conceded by
Democratic State Headquarters, indicate Clark has pulled
through by a small majority. Earlier it was thought
he had been defeated.
BIG GAIN IN
Democrats . 47
The Eepublican party, oa kuH of
early figures, as the mo& of
elections throughout the cooatry
Tuesday,, has been swept tlato con
trol of both houses of Gtafvsc.
According to returns, irsjkji evex?
State, many of' thenii -iacoaJplete,
but .generally adequate t deter
mine? results, the Republics havs
captured both the House t.-ui tho
Their victory, on basis of partial
returns, has astonished Pe&fe rats.
yrhq -were raiahetaiv they
Iimvi .!"' 1,t4T Tm - .
BOTH PARIS ARE
GERMANS GAS 500
CIVILIANS IN TOWN
WITH THK AMKIUCAN ARMY
NOItTH OF VKBDUN. Nov C Al
though they knew that there were
SOO civilians In the town, the Germans
heavily shelled Beaumont all night
long-, drenching the place with gras.
The Americans captured Beaumont
SUFFRAGE IN OKLAHOMA.
OKLAHOMA CITY. Nov . Puf
j trace leaders claim Oklahoma baa
I given women the ballot.
At noon the Democratic national
committee Issued an official state
ment clalmlnc that thev had surelv
elected 217 members or the next
House, conceding- 20J to the Itepubli- I
cans, and holding that twelve were
NEW TORK, Nov. C Republican
National Chairman Hays today
claimed the Republicans had grained
seven seats In the Senate and twenty
six In the House In yesterdays elec
tion. According- to telegrams received
by Hays, the Republicans gained
Senator In Colorado. Missouri, Idaho,
Kansas Illinois, Delaware, and New
FOE IS EVACUATING
BRUSSELS AS NINE
ARMIES FACE DOOM
AMSTERDAM, Nov. 6. The Germans are
evacuating Brussels, according to information from
the Belgian frontier today.
Decisive defeat threatens the nine German armies on
the western battle front as a result of the rapid advance
of the British troops southward in Flanders and the
Franco-American advance northward from the Meuse river
to the Aisne.
The "bottle neck" through which the Germans must
retire is rapidly being narrowed, and the number of rail
way lines over which the German soldiers and their guns
must be transported is fast being reduced.
The Americans have advanced over fifteen miles in their
offensive. rne uniisn u--
HOLDS UP RAG PICKER.
DETROIT. Mich, Nov. 6. Hold-up
men have found a new source of rev
enue. A negro armed with a revol
ver covered Harry Grossman, a rag
picker, early today and ordered him
to throw up his hands Selecting the
choicest bits of Grossman's stoek
whlch he packed Into two sacks, the
roan backed away with his "pick
new offensive. rne uriusn
driven ahead ten miles eat of Le
Quesnoy. capturing the great Mor
mal forest, and the French pressed
nn R,ti mile vesterday
Trench troops today renewed their
attack over a front or neany juu
miles, between the Sambre and the
Argonne forest, and another great
battle Is raging In Flanders.
Disaster Is threatening the German
armies at Sedan similar to that which
overtook the French at the same
place In 1870 The situation arises
solely from .military developments
and Irrespective of the Austro-Hun-garlan
The Americans are breaking the
last stand of the Germans on the
Meuse river and are only seventy two
miles from liege, the great Belgian
fortress which the Germans will
utilize for the defense of their fron
tier on the Belgian side
The British and Belgians on the
rianders front hive reached Ghent
ind -are only seventy (lve miles from
"he." Gerrr-in -n-cr at Ma'o 'a 1B8
n!'ei from Llr-n'
I-lege Is the center of a narrow eor-
(Contlnucd on Page 2, Column 70
DETROIT, JOch, Sot. 6
Ilenry Ford, the Democratic can
didate for United Stales Senator
was only 118 rotes behind Com.
maniicr Truman H. JitjtbtiTj,
the Republican candidate, according-
to latest rentrns from
the State at 11 a. m. today.
DETROIT. Nov. 0. Commander
Newberry's apparently safe lead last
night was overcome by a tremendous
vote for Ford In Wayne county and In
the city or Detroit. In the latter city
alone Ford Is believed to have a ma
jority of more than 20.000.
Supporters if Ford were Jubilant at
the sudden change In the situation,
and were confident that the automo
bile manufacturer who entered the
Senatorial race at the personal re
quest of President Wilson would be
They claim he will be elected by
o.uuu to 10,000.
FOE STATES WILL
TARIS. Nov. 6. Germany Is facing
Austria '" r.
reports r -et ii b
A Zu-i t il'sp .
slon m I-'
ern Gt u
of the ml
' 1i u r
has Is befalling
cording to Swiss
' said the secei-
, -owing In south-
- that Bavarian
.ed a plan for
tate In Bavaria.
: and German
are expect I
- R-Ttrnment's obstl-
.ti of the Kaiser's
-- Jged opposition
v qi o an armistice,
-i re i ' the ministry
TRUCE ALARMS BAVARIA
tierltr ci i
it at an ap
i Bavaria and
mg ay the
"' r . i council has
" -i'r with Qr
"' results of the
. -BrTAlur it -fct.K , j. 4Buog i.
ojjis'mikuaai, oy. O. ;"r 7 j' 'a nr coun-
. i , , TJ t0uu5er. .M,n " " invasion
The uenflr11 iirjmBuce aeie-1 """"" "
gation has oue th-e west1 Florida goC8 ory.
front, aocwar to an official '"ww. .Y '." mSTS.
dimatcb frcm B"lin. XcJtff,Sfc.h ,on b' -
On Heels of AppeV
The outcome follows clojq
heels of President Wilson's at ta
the country to elect a. Sen rti&
Congress and give him a. -rota cf
confidence. It comes at & U-ac-sbea
the country Is at war. bat wlUa
peace probably not far distant; witli
a peace treaty soon to be negotiated
and a great program of reconstruct
tion legislation to be enacted.
The returns thus, far Indicate tb
Republicans will have at least forty
nine out of ninety-six seats In Uxi ,
Senate and that they will hire, after
March -4, a substantial working ma
jority in the Honse.
The Republican House majority, S
claimed by the Republican Congres
sional committee. Is 18.
The Republicans, In the net ressftf
have apparently gained seres' nsot
and lost one In the Senate.
Sem IjutfTnekt. --""''
Loss of the House 'by the D-roo
crats seemed probablo last night be
fore the early returns had been- oa
the wires for many hours. The Re
publican victory with respect tolth
Senate did not appear likely until today.
Among the States which have goo
Republican, according to the Repub
lican managers, on the Senatorshlp
are Colorado, Delaware, Illinois. Ore.
gon. Missouri. Nebraska. New Hamp
shire, New Jersey, West Virginian's
Wyoming. In Idaho the Republicans
sa ythey have elected Borah and
Gooding. They have elected both can
didates In New Hampshire and New '
Jersey. The Democrats have won
Kentucky and Montana. Nevada- ts
close and New Mexico uncertain. .,
It was admitted that there wifrte.
some contests and that a recount may
be necessary In many districts t de
termine an accurate result.
Claim 43 Senators. )
The Democratic national committee
here today claimed at least 4S Sen
ators, which, with the vote of Vic
President Marshal, would suffice for
control of the Senate. Republican
headquarters, however, claim a, net
gain of six In the Senate yielding s
majority of two.
At the same time Democratic head
quarters here claimed as "certain
214 members of the House, concede
205 to the Republicans and claim the'
Non-Partisan Congressmen elected
will vote with the Democrats. The
Republicans, however, claim a gain
of 28 In the House, with a resultant
majority of 33 there.
The Democrats refuse yet to con
cede the defeat of Senator Sbafroth
in Colorado and Lewis fn Illinois.
They also say they entertain hopes
for Watson In West Virginia, atrong
Democratic mining districts not yet
having been heard from, they say.
They list as "doubtful" New Mex
ico. Wyoming. New Jersey! New
Hampshire and Delaware, all of
which early returns Indicate hv
Democratic reports on House eleee
tlons resulted In their claiming the
following early today at comralfett
Ten districts in Alabama, ona In
Arizona, seven In Arkansas, six h
California, one In Colorado, one in
Connecticut, one in Delaware, four In
Florida, twelve In Georgia, ten In.
Illinois, six In Indiana, ono In lows.
eight In Kentucky, three in Maryland.
ciiinfc in iiumaox. lour in Aiassacnu
setts, two In Michigan, one In Minne
sota, eight In Mississippi. twel v (n
Missouri, one In Montana, two In Ne
braska, one In Nevada, six In .Stat;
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