Why Do Birds Sing?
A Complete Lynching.
England Buys Bricks.
America Buys Diamonds.
Fair and continued
cool tonight and tomor
row. Temperature at 8
a. a, 03 derree. Nor
mal temperature for Jane
23 for the last thirty
yearm, T5 degree.
Published every evening (Including Sunday)
Entered as scondclaM matter, at th
postofflce at Washington. D. C
WASHINGTON, SATURDAY EVENING, JUNE 28, 1919. Closing Wall Street Prices PRICE TWO CENTS.
, By ARTHUR BRISBANE.
a (Coprrirht. lsii.)
t Mr. Jailliard, very rich, leaves
five million dollars to provide
A music free. Music does poothe
the savage breast, notwithstand-
l ing that the -world's two great-
j est musicians, Wagner and
Beethoven, were German. Music
does more important work than
breast soothing. It does for the
brain of man "what the plow does
, for the soil.
When men 'become civilized
and safe, they will all sing.
Why are birds the only singing
animals? Because they alone
had wings that gave them safety
and leisure to practice.
Mr. Juilliard puts his five mil
' lion dollars' worth of music in
the hands of bank presidents, be
ing a hardheaded business man.
If a rich musician left a bank in
charge of three fiddlers, how the
world would " laugh.
It is always pleasing to know
that religion prospers. Chris-
, tian Scientists in New York city
have bought an old church on
: Madison avenue for $1,500,000.
They will tear down and rebuild,
spending another million. There
1 is religious prosperity based on
1 The vestrymen of the old
' church, St Bartholomew's, paid
$150,000 for the property in
" 1870. Their net profit is $1,350,-
000. There is religious prosper-
ity based on unearned increment
' and, of course, entire freedom
"To discourage vice, make it ex
, pensive," is an old saying. This
', country has just appropriated
j nearly seven 'hundred millions for
ths navy and nine hundred mil-
lions for the army. That ought to
! discourage the vice of war, which,
for the present, will cost annually
double the whole national debt as
it stood in 1914.
1 HenryFord, of Detroit, continues
i the eccentricities that have caused
' some patriots to call him anarchist.
nie Secretary of the United States
J Treasury at Ford's request is going
Ir oyer furus lhjubjj, uim uio hh.m;i
t'-sSfik return to the Government
3' every dollar made by him on Gov-
j ernment contracts during the war.
j There is apparently no danger of
j this ikiai. of anarchy becoming
epidemic far America
There seems to be prosperity
ahead of this nation. Common
sense, good pay, short hours, and
Government labor enterprises
added could make everybody
happy, except the Bolshevist
England wants to buy ten thou
sand million bricks from the
: United States. Our brick manu-
facturers have thoughtfully multi
plied the price by three. The steel
" trust is selling rails In England
" for $80 a ton; the British can't
match that price, although it is
' about double the price in America.
Americans are buying their high-
priced jewelry from London aris
tocracy. They bought eight hun
dred thousand dollars' worth of it
at ona sale recently. The English
. are selling their jewelry, putting
ithe money into government bonds.
America is not doing that Good
diamonds sell here for five hun
i dred dollars a carat four times
i what they used to bring. Luckily
, they are not necessities.
The Bolsheviki are spending at
the rate of two million dollars a
month to overthrow government in
this country. They will have to do
better than that Twenty-four mil
lions a year doesn't cut much figure
in America now. With tht
amount you couldn't start a revolu
tion in Plalnfield, N. J.
By the way, no news from the
police concerning the senders of
bombs whose work began about
two months ago. No trace of the
murderer who put poison in the
soup at the archbishop's dinner in
Chicago. Ordinary murderers talk
and are caught. The new kind
hold their tongues. Why not try a
r reward of a hundred thousand dol-
lars, plus immunity? SOME
BODY knows who threw the
A new, more complete lynching
tale comes from Mississippi. They
caught the negro, Hartfield, in a
i canebrake, several hundred col
ored men assisting in running him
down. They shot him, and the
doctors said he couldn't live twenty-four
hours. Then they hanged
I him to a tree above a pile of wood
J and set fire to the wood while he
hung and kicked. The young wom
I an whom he attacked witnessed
I the performance. That makes a
very complete story. What is the
' psychological impulse that leads
the young woman to watch the
Congress wants to know where
the money came from to pay inter
est on Russian bonds, bought in
' this country? Mr. Lenine didn't
pay the interest. Who did? Was
it paid perhaps by patriotic tax
payers engaged without knowing
in making Russian bonds safe for
plutocracy? It's an interesting
investigation. It might tell us
just where the hundreds of mil
lions went that were taken from
Vthe peoples' pockets to help demo
'cratic government in Russia.
Between throngs of spectators
who lined the streets alone: the route
of the parade, Washington's greatest
automobile truck demonstration
The procession, including every
variety of motor transport vehicle
from the tiniest delivery truck to
the huge lumbering leviathans that
served the front line in the Argonne
with food and ammunition, was an
illustration of the latest development
in motor transportation.
Movie Men On Job.
Not only was the parade Interest
ing' from the layman's point of view,
but the significance attached to It as
a movement for "good roads" and
better transportation as a means of
lowering the high cost of living was
attested by the number of "movie
men" who were busy with their
cameras along- the route of the pro
cession, taking views of the parade
and pictures of the entries which will
be shown throughout the United
States in campaigns lor better high
ways. r Headed "by automobile escort of the
Police Department, the long convoy
left the neighborhood of the Peace
Monument at 12:30 o'clock. As the
head of the long train of 400 trucks
approached the judge's stand, located
between Sixth and Seventh streets
northwest, bands which were carried
in large sight-seeing- automobiles at
Intervals In the parade struck up
popular airs, and the chauffeurs, giv
ing last-second attention to their
cars, passed in review before the
men who will decide the winners.
Following Gen. C. B. Drake, chief of
the motor transport corps of the
United States Army, and acting grand
marshal of the parade today, who
rode in a car behind the police escort,
came Uncle Sam's own entry, repre
sented In the motor transportation
TJncle Sam Represented.
Uncle Sam was a prominent com
petitor, both in number of entries and
in types of motor transportation, and
the betting was strong that the
M. T. C. would figure among the win
ners in the prize awards, which take
place this evening after the conclu
sion of the parade. One of the fea
tures of the transport corps' entry
was the repair shop on whoei,
manned by soldiers, who demonstrat-
(Continued on Page 2, Column 6.)
Tne Government will accept Henry
Ford's tender of all the profits he
made out of war contracts, and has
ordered the United States revenue
officials of Detroit to comply with his
request for an examination to ascer
tain the amount.
The Treasury gives notice that If
any other harvester of war profits
nas a mind to do likewise it will
throw no straw in the way of easing
his conscience and lightening fcis
Nobody will attempt to estimate
the amount of the Ford porfits. but
they are away up in the millions,
for Mr. Ford built everything from
airship parts to tanks and sub
NEW YORK. June 28 Action to
revoke the charter of the American
Socialist Society, under which the
Rand School of Social Science here
has been operating, may be taken by
the attorney general, it was believed
today, following alleged disclosure of
a nation-wide plan to overthrow ex
isting authority by radical methods.
Documents were produced to shpw
the Socialists' friendly relations with
the Russian soviet bureau here, and
efforts to obtain support of American
negroes in overthrowing the govern
ment. Star iMtmdrr'a $10,000 Equipment
insures your shirts and collars comlnc ba-jk
ricbt. Judge for rourself. Advt.
FORD'S WAR PROFIT
PERSHING MAY QUIT
PARIS, June 28. Secretary
of War Baker's unexpected op
position to General Pershing's
appointment as chief of staff is
not believed to be earnest. If it
continues General Pershing will
resign, says a copyright cable
dispatch to the New York World.
This statement is made with
out his authority, but it can be
taken as the actual belief of his
friends. However, those close to
President Wilson have every
confidence that General Pershing
will be given the same rank in
America as he holds here, which
will call for his appointment to
be chief of staff, as any other
position would subordinate him
to that office.
In the meantime General
Penning is completing plans for
the transport of 400,000 Ameri
can troops in July. He expects
to have practically all the Amer
ican expeditionary force cleaned
out by the end of August, save
for the small covering force
which is to be left in the Rhine
NEW YORK, June 28. If Bobby
Ashe Felnbloom were considerably
older than six months he might ap
preciate that a decision by the appel
late division removes him from a
country cottage, an automobile and
other luxuries and restores him to
the drab monotony of Institutional
uniform and routine.
The infant whose discovery In a
Mount Vernon ashcan brought him
much publicity will go back to the
New York Nursery and Child's Hos
pital, from which he had been
"loaned" to Mr. and Mrs. John Fein
bloom. The institution demanded the
child's return on the ground that the
Feinblooms were not proper persons
to have custody of the boy, despite
the automobile, country cottage and
promise to place $20,000 In the bank
The hospital charged that before
being married to Felnbloom, Mrs.
Lula Patrick had not produced evi
dence of a divorce from Iloyce Pat
rick. It was further alleged that no
evidence was found of the marriage
ui iae xveinDiooms.
TO BE CUT $46,000
The payrool of the 2,400 public
school teachers of the District fojt
the month of June will be cut $4G,000,
which means the payment of the
longevivty pay will be delayed for
the second time in two months.
Alonzo Tweedale, District auditor,
today stated the teachers would re
ceive only their basic pay next Mon
day, m some instances, the payroll
reduction means the teachers pay
will be cut ?50 a month.
Efforts to have Congress pass the
third deficiency bill, which includes
an appropriation of $08,000 for long
evity pay, were made to no avail to
day. Last May the teachers' salary roll
was reduced ?23,000. which meant a
loss of one-half of the teachers' long
Mr. Tweedale said this morning that
the retroactive loss of pay, resulting
from the reduction would be paid Im
mediately following the passage of
the deficiency bill.
Without debate the Senate today
unanimously agTeed to appropriate
$2,000,000 to enable the Department
cf Justice to trace bomb plots and
other anarchist activities.
The Senate increased the House al
lowance for this work in the sundry
civil bill by 1600.000.
BIG DOINGS ! !
Stay in Washington
0 IS MM
FOR BOMB PROBE
LONDON, June 28. Gnstav Noske,
German minister of defense, fearing
a general political uprising, has
threatened to establish martial law
throughout all Germany, according.to
a Central News dispatch today from
With order restored by govern
ment troops in Hamburg, the situa
tion In Berlin is becoming increas
Charging a conspiracy to start a
nation-wide revolution, the govern
ment ordered arrest of ajl commun
ist and independent socialist leaders
A portion of the garrison in the
capital has expressed a formal desire
to quit the city. 'Fear was voiced
that if the request was not .granted,
the troops might throw down their
arms and refuse to serve longer, leav
ing the capital inadequately protect
ed in either event.
Soldiers Fire On Crowd.
During a demonstration In the
northern part of the city yesterday
soldlera jflred upon a. crowd. kiHinff
two merf-'ind two- women and wound
ing six, a Copenhagen dispatch re
ported. A bomb was exploded out
side the ministry of public works,
shattering the windows, but doing no
Defense Minister Noske has order
ed rioting suppressed by every pos
sible means, but recommended that
the troops not use their arms unless
absolutely necessary. He declared
that Interruption of Industry or trans
portation by strikers at this time
would be fatal to German interests.
General "Von Lettow was ready to
march upon Hamburg with heavy
forces when he was Informed the
movement was not necessary, as the
city had been occupied without dis
turbances yesterday morning. The
Communists, who were in complete
control of the city, obtained a
promise from the government that
they should be granted general
amnesty In return for laying down
their arms. Seven persons were kill
ed and twenty-two wounded in street
fighting there. The railway strike,
according to an unofficial report, now
affects 20,000 workmen.
President Wilson will IeaTe Paris
tonight and sail from Brest tomor
row morning on the George Wash
ington, Secretary Tumulty officially
Barring accidents the President
should be back in Washington by a
week from next Tuesday. He will
Innd at New York and has agreed to
a reception there.
A personal message from the
President stated he was leaving Paris
at 9:30 tonight, and ended:
When the President will arrive in
the United States, or where he will
dock, has not yet been determined,
the Secretary said. Plans for his
tour of the nation probably will not
be made public until the President
has had time to consult with advisers
here and personally to go over the
details of the trip. It is probable,
howcTcr, he will IeaTe Washington
within a week after his return.
His address on the peace treaty to
Congress will be delivered the day
after he arriTes in Washington, if
present plans are carried out.
Senator Hitchcock, who received a
copy of the President's proclamation,
read it to the Senate. Though the,
reading was tantamount to official
notification to Congress that the war
was oyer, there was no demonstra
tion. TAKE BEIX-AN8 BKFOBE MEALS and
e how fin good dlgeatlon makes you faeL
President Calls the Treaty
Great Charter of Humanity
Secretary Tumulty -today made public the following message
from the President: s
"My fellow-countrymen: x
"The treaty of peace has been signed. If it is ratified
and acted upon in full and sincere execution of its terms it
will furnish the charter for a new order of affairs in the world.
"It is a severe treaty in the duties and penalties it im
poses upon Germany, but it is severe only because jrreat
wrongs done by Germany are to be righted and repaired;-it
imposes nothing that Germany cannot do; and she can regain
her rightful standing in the world by the prompt and honor
able fulfillment of its terms.
"And it is much more than a treaty of peace with Ger
many. It liberates great peoples who have never before
been able to find the way to liberty. It ends, once for all,
an old and intolerable order under which small groups of
selfish men could use the peoples of great empires to serve
their own ambition for power and dominion.
"It associates the free governments of the world in a
permanent league in which they are pledged to use their
united power to maintain peace by maintaining right and
"It makes international law a reality supported by im
perative sanctions. It does away with the right of conquest
and rejects the policy of annexation and substitutes a new
order under -which backward nations populations which have
not yet come to political consciousness and peoples who are
ready for independence but not yet quite prepared to dispense
with protection and guidance shall no more be subjected
to the domination and exploitation of a stronger nation, but
shall be put under the friendly direction and afforded the
helpful assistance of governments which undertake to be re
sponsible to the opinion of m&ukind in the execution of their
task by accepting the directidn. 6f the League of Nations.
"It recognizes the inalienable rights of nationality, the
-rightrmfnenrinessdhe? sanctity of religious belief and
practice. It lays the basis, for conventions which shall free
the commercial intercourse of the world from unjust and
vexatious restrictions and for every Sort of international co
operation that will serve to cleanse the life of the world and
facilitate its common action in beneficent service of every
"It furnishes guarantees such as were never given or even
contemplated before for the fair treatment of all who labor
at the daily tasks of the world.
"It is for this reason that I have spoken of it as a great
charter for a new order of affairs. There is ground here for
deep satisfaction, universal reassurance, and confident hope.
Historic Versailles Saw
German Empire Born of
Sword and Slain By Pen
By JOHN T. PARKERSON,
(International Tferm Serrlce).
VERSAILLES, France, June 24.
;The German empire has ended where
it was founded. The mightiest mili
tary power the world ha ever known
has been shattered and humbled almost
to the point of Impotency.
Within the magnificent palace which
In Itself waa erected as a symbol of
the dlrine rlcht of kings, and which
In the present century waa rededl
cated to that conception by the war
lords of Prussia, the democracies of
the earth have foregathered and pro
nounced the verdict.
Durlntr the 250-odd years which
have Intervened since the erection of
the famous palace of Versailles, civi
lization has traversed a long: and un
certain route, but the scene Itself,
which has figured so conspicuously In
history and cut such a deep Impres
sion Into the heart of France, Is
little changed in outward appearance.
Except for tho occasional hum of an
airplane, there is no sign above the
slated roofs to indicate the world has
moved from the sixteenth to the twen
tieth century. The birds sing much as
they must have sung In the days of
old Louis XIV himself, and one can
almost feel the depression in the at
mosphere which swept throughout
France because of the luxury and ex
travagance of kings and queens who
in days long past cared naught for the
poverty and misery caused to their
subjects by royal lives of revelry and
In the Hall of Mirror.
It was in this relic place of the
old world that the representatives ot
the new world met the German dele
gates. A long horseshoe table placed
In the hall of mirrors Galerie des
Glaces around which sat the distin
guished coterie of the great nations,
was the Immediate setting upon which
all mankind visualized its future
The actual signing of the peace
treaty took place near the cen
ter of the great chamber, while, oddly
enough, at the south end where, on
January 18, 1871, stood the dais
flanked by Prussian Guards from
which the creation of the German
empire was proclaimed to the world.
was reserved for the press. Thus,
from the exact spot where the light
of '71 had burned so dimly for
France, the stroke of the pen replaced
the flash of the sword and heralded
broadcast almost within the twinkle
of an eye the dawn of the new day.
The delegates entered tho Hall of
Mirrors by the marble staircase
which took them through the Queen's
apartments, wherein there Is a strik
ing picture which probably waa not
without Its effect on the Germans
a portrait of the late Paul Droulede.
apostle of "La Revanche." just as one
might have imagined him at the an
nual pilgrimages to the Strasbourg
statue on the Place de la Concorde.
Use Historic Rooms.
Tho apartments of King Louis XIV,
including the bed room where he died,
the ante-chamber and the Salle de
l'Oeil de Boeuf, were used as special
rooms by the allied and associated
delegations, while the Hotel des Reser
voirs, built by Louis XV, for Madame
de Pompadour, housed the chief repre
sentatives of the Germans.
In the Salle du Consell, or counsel
chamber, where virtually all tho great
decisions wore taken governing the
course of France under Louis XIV,
XV, and XVII. President Wilson.
Premiers Lloyd George, Clemenceau,
and Orlando, and the Japanese repre
sentative, with the spokesmen of the
Germans, met privately for a brief
conference just before entering the
Hall of Mirrors.
It was In this room. President Wil
son was told, that the decision vns
taken to send Lafayette to the aid of
tho American Revolution the de
cision which happily resulted in lay
ing a firm foundation for the great
human force which, at the crucial
moment of the world war, threw in
Its lot with the French and the other
self-governing people of Europe to
"make the world safe for democracy."
Telephone Replace Mob's Shrieks.
An Immense amount of work had
to be done to adapt the ancient palace
to the requirements of a twentic'i-
century peace conference. For the
first time in history the sound of the
telephone bell and the typewriter has
(Continued on Page 2 Column 6.)
EjL i LjuiJ
VERSAILLES; June 28. Germany capitulated today.
At a small table in the center of the great Hall of Mir
rors, the chief room of the palace here, representatives of
the German republic at 3:12 o'clock today meekly ac
cepted the peace terms which practically ends Germany
as a world power, at least for many years. It was this
same room which witnessed the arrogance of Bismarck
and Von Moltke, and today the representatives of the de
feated German empire accepted the fate which resulted
from the junkers' dream of world dictatorship.
The German delegates arrived at the palace at 3:08
p. m. for the signing of the treaty.
The meeting was convened at 3:09.
Premier Clemenceau, opening the ceremony, assured
the Germans the treaty text was the same as previously
furnished them, and said:
"I now invite you to sign."
The German delegates signed the document at 3:12,
p. m. The American delegation finished signing at 3,:$5f
(Pans time). The British
began signing immediately
The Chinese refused to sign
General Smuts, representing Soul
under protest, issuing a statement setting forth.
bona to the treaty.
Clemenceau declared the
the entire ceremony occupying forty-one minutes.
CENTOAL EMPIRES SUPPLIANTS.
It is five years ago mat the plotted assassination of
the Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand furnished the
excuse Germany sought for starting the world conflict
Sarajevo's tragedy today had
The situation m Versailles today is the fulfillment of
the greatest dream in modern history. Gathered around
the historic hall were the representatives of every great
nation in the world. Only the smaller neutral nations were
missing. The great horseshoe-shaped table held the rep
resentatives of every power which banded together to
stamp out militarism and absolutism from the earth.
In the center of the great horseshoe sat Clemenceau,
the French premier. At his right sat President Wilson.
On his left was Lloyd George, the British prime minister.
Across the room and just in front of the section re
served for the guests, the German delegates were seated.
The contrast was very sharp. The old Prussian arrogance
was not revealed by the members of the German cabinet
who had assumed the duty
The seating arrangement of
On President Wilson's side
Colonel House, Henry White, General Bliss, and after them the
French, Italian, Belgian and Greek delegates. Swinging around
the horseshoe were the Polish, Portuguese, Rumanian, Czecho
slovakia)!, Siamese, Cuban and Chinese delegates. At the left
of Premier Lloyd George were the other representatives of
Britain and her dominions and the Japanese. Swinging around
the corner were the representatives of Germany, Brazil, Bolivia,
Uruguay, Peru, Panama, Nicaragua, Liberia, Honduras, Haiti,
Guatemala and Ecuador.
Marshal Foch was seated among the French delegates. He
was not a peace plenipotentiary and did not sign the great docu
ment. Of the Italian delegation only three were present Baron
Sonnino, M. Imperial! and CrespL The others had not arrived
at a late hour.
PARIS EN FETE FOR OCCASION.
Paris was en fete for the occasion. A holiday was . pro
claimed throughout the capital. From every building hung the
flags of the allied nations. Thousands of persons in holiday
attire gathered along the roads leading to Versailles. The streets,
as usual, were heavily guarded by troops. Through packed lanes
of humanity the delegations passed one by one, their motors
flaunting the flags of practically all nations except those which
made up the central powers and the few neutrals not represented.
The weather, which for the past few days has been cold and
raw, moderated somewhat today,
accompanied by a cold wind.
The arrival of each delegation was heralded by a trumpeter.
After being saluted, the members were taken in charge by at
tendants and conducted to the places assigned for them.
Shortly before 3 o clock motors left the palace m charge of
the French military mission and
Here the German delegates were
to the palace, where they waited
delegation, followed by
after the American,
made the great central em
of salvaging what was left of
the delegates was as follows:
of the table: Secretary Lansing,
but was overcast at noon and
went to the Hotel
taien m charge and driven
m'an ante-room untu tha
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