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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, August 18, 1920, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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I TENNESSEE, LAST NECESSARY STATE, RATIFIES SUFFRAGE
m the Ulashtnfifon times iFiSAfcl
NUMBER 11,625. WASHINGTON, WEDNESDAY EVENING, AU(HJST 18, 192oT |Closing Wall Street Prices 1 THBEE CENTS'BVEBYWHBBB.
rToday
F Monsey and the EaQle.
I Nervous Americans.
L Ever Hear of Lockyer?
I Leisure, Study, Thought.
| Br ARTHUR BRISBANE^.
I Uop/rlfhl. 111*.>
ft Kraak Muuaay. atudria* new*
from hla lofty perch in the New
I York Sun-Herald Building, can
I ice trouble or Joy aa far aa the
I eagle can aee a youug lanib. Had
I El Ira been a buaineaa fact, and
I Munaey her bloodhound, "Uncle
I Tom's Cabin" would have ended
I differently Munaey would have
I caught ttlisa and eaten the baby.
I Buaineaa men get from Munaey
thla Inter eating auggeation 5 "Watch
ft Uie l^oadon markets, where food
atuffa auddenly roae yeaterday 10
ft to 39 per cent and at the aame
W time cotton dropped 100 potnta.
I Tep days before the great war
started in 1914 the aame peculiar
' twiat waa taken by the quotaUons
| from lx>ndon."
' Munsev doean't tell you that war
la COMTNO, but he doea tell you
that London acta aa though expecting
war. That interests business
men.
In the Olympic games Americans
are winning in contests that
require extreme nervous energy
combined with great physical force.
An American wins the race, 440
meters over hurdles, in 54 seconds,
breaking the record. Another
American wins the 100 meters.
Another, In a high Jump, at the
first attempt clears 6 feet 414
inches and wins, breaking records.
Reach up on the wall to that
height and see what energy it
must take to clear it.
Intensity of energy displayed by
C Americans at Antwerp is a good
P sign for the hundred million Amer>
leans at home.
It is especially interesting to observe
the numerous achievements
of athletes from California. The
climate evidently was made for
white men. Indians that ruled
k there formerly were among the
I most sluggish and cowardly. They
J hadn't enough energy to kill deer,
or eat each other, so they ate
grasshoppers. This may interest
our good friends from Japan.
Say to the first man in the
ttreet: "Lockyer is dead." Ten
thousand to one, he will answer:
"Is that so? WHO is Lockyer?"
Say to the same man: "Jack
Dempsey is dead," he will stop you
for fuller information.
Lockyer was only an "eminent
scientist, director of a great observatory
of solar physics, emiA
nety astronomer." He never
knocked anybody out in his life.
We are surprised sometimes
that a hundred million people take.*
\ littl* lnUfre& in their Govemi
ment, and are so easily managed
by profiteers. The future will
NOT be surprised when it learns
that of our hundred millions, ten
thousand were interested in a
prize fighter, baseball player, or
jockey, to one interested in a scientist.
If you went to the Gaboon country
and discovered citizens chiefly
f interested in rhinoceros meat and
wooden idols, and having pink
eye6 and blue hair, you would say,
**It will take some time to civilize
this people."
You may say the same about
your own people. It will be a long
time before they will have selfgovernment,
because it will be a
long time before they are fit for
it.
However, all is not black and
pessimistic. The waters of Bridge
river in British Columbia are to
be harnessed to turbines and made
to yield 400,000 horsepower. There
is progress. When you make a
waterfall your slave, you give
men a chance to study, learn, and
think.
No education without leisure.
| No improvement without education.
Aristotle knew it when he
said there could be no civilization
without slavery-. He didn't know
that waterfalls would be our
slaves, electricity our messenger,
and that steel wheels would carry
the load, and steel fingers make
the cloth.
Some liberties are taken. Then,
to chedr us, others are granted.
Free speech and free thinking
have lost their freedom here. Free
speech now means freedom to say
what is thought by those in authority.
(On the other hand, ladies in Chicago's
interesting county jail are
told by Warden Lee that hereafter
they may smoke cigarettes. The
warden says, "We are living in an
age of women's rights, and I will
let the women smoke if they will
put the burnt ends of the matches
back in the match box."
If you are a ladv and say what
you think, as din Rose Pastor
Stokes, they will probably put you
in jail. On the other hand, once
vou are in jail, even though you
he a lady, you will be allowed to
smoke cigarettes. To every cloud
a silver lining.
The old story in France about
too few births is moving over here.
The Government says that baby
carriage sales have fallen off 50
per cent. The birth rate has fallen
36 per cent. Some that had babies
didn't have the modern price of a
baby carriage or lacked room to
store it.
To offset this news, behold, from
Stockholm. Mr. and Mrs. Carl
Paularn, bringing fifteen children
with them, from four months to
I nineteen years old. They expect
no labor trouble on their ranch in
Minnesota. If trouble comes, they
will send bark for their married
children. Their entire family circle.
nephews, nieces, etc., includes
| two hundred boys and girls.
4
WOME
DECISIVE VOTE
IS 50 TO 46
Speaker Walker Switches From
Antis in Third Ballot?Moves
To Reconsider.
TAKE UP MOTION FRIDAY
Women Win 36th State Needed
To Put Amendment Into
U. S. Constitution.
NASHVILLE, Tenn., Aug.
18.?Tennessee ratified the
woman suffrage amendment
today by a vote of 50 to 46
after three ballots had been
taken, the first two resulting
in a tie, 48 to 48.
The original vote on the
third ballot was 49 to 47,
but Speaker Walker changed
liis vote from "no" to "aye," i
thus making it possible for
him to move reconsideration.
ADJOURNS TO FRIDAY.
With the motion for con
liberation made, the house 1
adjourned until Friday, when
the motion will be voted
upon.
The vote of 49 to 47 on
the third ballot was one less
than the constitutional majority,
and Speaker Walker's
action made possib'e constitutional
ratification of the
amendment.
RECONSIDER LATER.
The motion for a reconsideration
can be brought up
any time within the nefct two
legislative days. It is expected
that it will be first order
of business when "the legislature
reconvenes on Friday.
Suffrage leaders are confident
that the reconsideration
motion will be defeated when
it is brought to a vote.
ASK COLBY TO DECLARE
AMENDMENT RATIFIED
An appeal to Secretary of State
Colby to Issue the proclamation declaring
the suffrage amendment railfled
was made thia afternoon by Mis*
Alice Paul, chairman of the National
Woman's Party, and Miss Maude
Younger. The women asked that the
proclamation be issued as soon as otficlal
notification or ratification is received
In order that women may participate
in August primaries now being
held in many States.
The National Women's party, organlred
In 101.1 to secure the passago
of the Federal suffrage amendment,
having accomplished the furpose for
which II was founded, will meet in
convention within the next two
months to decide upon Its future.
Alice Paul, head of the party, announced
today, following receipt of
the ratification of the amendment by
the Tennessee legislature.
"The victory of the women today
completes the political democracy of
America and enfranchises half of the
people of a great nation." said Miss
Paul. "It Is a victory which has been
won not by any one Individual or
group, but by all those women who
since the revolution have suffered and
protested against the dlsenfranchlsement
and proclaimed the equality of
men and women," she added.
"With their power to vote achieved. |
women still have before them the
task of supplementing political equal- I
ity with equality in all other fields J
In State and national legislation an '
well as In other fields women are not j
yet on an equal basis with men. The
vote will Incidentally make It easier
for them to end all discriminations
and they will u*e the vote toward
that end.
"Our work cannot yet end because
ratification must be protected In Ihe
court agalnal the attacks of Its oppo(Continued
on race 2, Column 1.)
N HELP
French Girls
Given h
"Love Driving M
Wrote To G
Two intern, one from Ivan W.
Fisk, the former American soldier
who Jilted her to wed another
woman, and another from Mra. J.
I. baml-eft, of Austin, Texas, sister
of the man, are held by Mile. Marcellc
Viacara, seventeen-year-old
French immigrant. On the face
of letters she claim* Flak wrate
her. Mile. Viacara had her mother
mMI the family home and accompany
her to America.
One letter, signed "Ivan W.
Fisk" and dated January 4. 1920,
was written from Sharon, Pa.
Fisk, who is said to have married
a widow in Pittsburgh in April,
wrote:
' I am maktmm 9490 a Mstk,
hot If ioa atlll love me aad
want to come to Amerlea, I
will ret a paaapart aad eoaf
for >oa nad mamma. If yaa
think > don't lave you. Mareelle,
you are uroal, for I 4a.
Aad while I hare a good >ealtloa.
I will readily *l>e It
to nae aad set yon. as I lave
you aad did yon wraag aad I
know It la the only way I eaa
make It rlKht. If yau da aat
love me, write me J aat a llae aa
that I caa kaaw, for thla la driving
me rraay."
Action of Tt
Ends 71" Yi
For Suffi
By MILDREI
lateraatlanal 1
The women's seventy-one y<
Approximately 26,883,566
voters through the act of the Tenn
Eighteenth Amendment to the Ur
political factor to disturb the polil
CAM CONTROL DESTINIES ^
Less than one-half of the 'JB.883,3?IH. a
voting as a unit, can control the po- ?
litlcal destinies of the nation next f
November. They will decide what v
part they will play In the nation's v
affairs and whether a new era has v
begun?an era of petticoat political f
power?remains to be seen. d
Women throughout the world will
join their newly enfranchised sisters t
of America In celebrating the victory. r
A great jublication is planned for Oc- r
tober. It will be held In the rotunda ,
of the Capitol and will be the occa- a
sion of presenting to the Government ]
marble busts of Susan B. Anthony, *
L-ucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton?the
three women who began \
the struggle and died in it. c
President Wilson may lake pari. r
All the women's organizations of the t
country will Join in making it an ?
historic event. g
The amendment added to the Con- s
stitiition yesterday has been before <<
Congress longer than any other sue- t
cessful amendment. It was in 1876 t
that Susan B. Anthony made the first
draft of it. Three years later It was n
Introduced in the United States Sen- 1 o
ate by Senator Sargent, of California, v
From 1887 to 191.1 it lay in Congress. ||
without action or evrn debate. It ?
was not until June 1; 1019, thirty-one
years after it had gone before Con- b
gress, that the amendment was p
finally passed. t
A DRAMATIC STRKiGLE. d
No struggle in American history h
was more dramatic than this battle *
of the women, which began in 1848, a
when L-ucretta Mott and Elizabeth t>
['ady Stanton called, In Seneca Falls,
N. Y? the first women's rights conHistory
of Women's
1848?First Women's Rights Q
N. Y.. at call of l.ucretia Mott and
B. Anthony rises as leader in the m
At end of Civfl War?Suffragii
interpretation of Fourteenth and Fil
1869?Wyoming gives its wome
1872?Susan B. Anthony tries
to pay fine.
1873?Susan B. Anthony maker
amendment to the Constitution.
1878?Amendment introduced ii
alor Sargent. California.
1>?94?Colorado. Utah and Idaho
1910?Women of State of Wash
1911?California enfranchises wi
1912?Kansas, Arizona and Ore
1913?Alice Paul's militants be|
tivities in Congress on suffrage i
women receive F'residential and Stal
1914?Full suffrage granted wo
1917?New York enfranchises w
1918?Women of Oklahoma ai
Suffrage amendment finally passed
1920 (March 22)?State of Was
heat, the thirty-fifth State to ratify
1920 (August 18>?Tennessee
amendment, making it effective.
1
1BREAI
, 17y Jilted I
}ome By Ca\
[e Crazy," Yank
irl He Jilted
In her letter of ten day* ago
and In response to Mile. Viacara's
appeal to her to tell where Ktik
could be found, Mr?. Lambert.
Flak's slater, wrote the first news
that the French Immigrant girl
had of her alleged fiance's marriage
to another. Haying that ahe
wanted to make amends for her
brother. Mrs. Lambert cloaed her
letter by offering Mile. Viacsra a
home. She wrote:
"I feel krartknkn ???r tfcla.
If 70 u were to roair < our
home, we wraM do everything
In oar to asake roar life
bappr. Voa roald help me to
keep hoaae."
Social workers who aided Mile.
Vlacara and her family on their
arrival at Ellin Island on June J.
said they saw other letter* alleged
to have come from Flak.
One of them, written In January,
referred to their romance when
Mile. Viacara was a circulation
agent In American military camps
for a Krench newspaper, and
stated Fisk's intentions to marry
her. Marcelle also showed the Immigration
authorities a cablegram
she saya she received from Flak
on March 1. It read:
-I kate sest papers for passports.
CaMr ate wkea you raa
prokakl; leave."
mnessee
zar Fight
w fe &
age in U. S.
) MORRIS.
I ens Service.
;ars' battle is won!
women become full-fledged
lessee legislature in ratifying the
lited States Constitution, and a
:icians of the country.
ention. and ended with favorable
etlon by the Legislature of the Slate
if Tennessee It was a struggle to
Ire the imagination; to the heroic
lomen who dedicated their lives to it
las a Struggle for freedom. They
k'ere Jeered and jailed for their eforts,
but they fought on, ready to
lie for their cause.
It was in 1848 that Suaan B Anhony
rose as a leader of the movenent
for political freedom. The pio-'
leer militant was Susan, a woman
vhose force and courage won her the
lOmlratlon of noted men of her day.
The band she led was hopelessly
trail With Elizabeth Cady Stanton
a dominant lady was Elizabeth,
vith her great girth and splendid
iouble chin-and Lueretla. Mott ?
meet-faced Lueretla. who found time
o mother her own brood of children
ind some of the neighbors', notwith
tandlng her activities abroad She
tumped the East and had her say.
lespite the hootings of the mob. The
rlo were looked upon as freaks of
heir sex and horribly shocking
They became the butt of every
ewspaper humorist and sarcastic
ditor. In their day gentlewomen deoted
themselves to only such ladyIke
accomplishments a* reading Jane
kustln and rocking the cradle
After the civil war Susan's little
and attempted to secure an Interrelation
of the Fourteenth and Fifeenth
amendments. In 187C Susan
ecided to test her rights "as a freeorn
cltlsen." She went to the poll*
nd insisted upon voting. She was
rrested ar.d refused to pay her fine,
ut she was not put in Jail.
After they began their struggle. In
(Continued on rage 2. Column 4.)
Battle for Suffrage
(invention held. in Senec* Falls,
Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Susan
ovement for political freedom.
*ts attempt to secure favorable
Tteenth Amendments.
n full suffrage.
to vote, is arrested and refuses
i drat draft of woman suffrage
i United States Senate by Sengive
their women full suffrage,
ington receive franchise.
omen.
gon join equal suffrage States,
rin "reign of terror." First ac- i
intendment since 1887. Illinois
le suffrage.
men of Nevada and Montana,
'omen.
nd South Dakota enfranchised,
by Congress.
hington brings struggle to Anal
legislature ratifies the suffrage
K RED I
1y Yank,
oital Family
^Declines Offer of Disloyal
Fiance't Sister to "Take
Her In."
"
GETS JOB AS GOVERNESS
Jilted Maid Prefers Work in
United States to SJurs of
Paris Friends.
With her dreams of lore and happiness
rudely shattered, Mile. MarIcelle
Viacara. seventeen year* old,
'pretty French girl, who crossed the
Atlantic to wed a gallant American
' soldier whom she had met In Paris,
only to And, on her arrival, that he
had Jilted her and married another,;
has come to Washington to start her
i young life anew and try to forget
her sorrow. ,
Through the efforts of Miss Cecel'a
Raxovsky. executive secretary of the
Department of Immigration Aid of the
Council of Jewish Women of New
\ ork City, Mile. Viacara has obtained
a position an governess In the home
of a wealthy Washingtonian ol
Krench descent. Her employer U
connected with the Navy Department.
accohpanikd ?r family.
Mile. Viacara. accompanied by her
mother and two little brother*, who
made the trip from France with her.
arrived In Washington four day* ago.
i Hsr employer has given the mother a
position in the household and has
offered to care for the two children,
whom he will send to school. He Is
delighted at getting the Freiw.H-wtrl
for a governess, as he is desirous of
having his own two children under
the supervision of a person of Frcnch
birth and culture.
Mile. Viacara accepted the position
in Washington after declining an
offer from the marr!?d isster of her
disloyal fiance to give the l-'rench
girl a permanent home.
Instead of meeting her fiance as
she had anticipated, she was given a
letter which slated that Ivan W.
Flak, the man she declared she met
in an army camp, two years ago, near
Pari*, and promised to wed. had married
a widow in Pittsburgh. Mile.
Viacara had brought her mother.
Mme. Jeanne Viacara, and two young
brothers. Gaston and Paul, to America.
STAYED TO "AVOID SLlllS."
The mother had sold her home in
the outskirts of Parts and had taken
her lifelong savings, amounting to
fl.500 francs, to defray expenses of j
the voyage and to ins-ure her j
daughter's happiness. Of this she I
lent a soldier 2.900 francs on the ,
steamship Rochambeau. The soldier, I
according to Kills Island authorities.:
lives in Rayonne. N. J., and had no
money with which to pay his way to
America with his French bride.
The Viacara family arrived in port
June 9. When no fiance appeared to
(Continued cn Page 2, Column R.)
COAST AND GULF SHIPS
j ASK INCREASED RATES
Carriers Seek Sliding Scale of
Freight and Passenger
Charge Raises.
Increased freight and passenger
rates for coastwise and gulf steamers
were asked Qf the United States Shipping
Board today by A. D. Gibson,
representing coastwise carriers, who
appeared before Examiner Magnum in
formal hearing.
The carriers ask n 40 per cent Increase
on freight between ports north
of Norfolk, a 25 per cent increase on \
freight between ports south of Nor- ]
folk and a 38 1-3 per cent increase on '<
freight between ports In the north
and south. A 20 per cent Increase in
passenger and excess baggage rates I
Is asked. *
Great I.akes carriers will make application
for Increased rates tomorrow.
ITALIANS AROUSED
OVER WILSON'S
SOVIET NOTE
PARIS, Ang. 18,?The foreign
office wn? advised today that ltalInn
opinion is greatly disturbed
over the pnhlleallon of the Ameri*
eitn note In which President Wllson
gives his refnsnl U> recognize
(he Soviet government. Italy hud
already gone on rerord with a
friendly attitude toward Hotlet
Rassla before the American note
was made pohlir. The Italians had
eildenlly*e*pectcd n different pronouncement
from Washington th.in
that whleh was forthcoming. I
A
ft
INE NEAR WA
IF you know any ladies better looking than these two,
* please notify E. 0. Hoppe, noted English artist-photographer,
who has come to this country to snap
America's five most beautiful women. The gentleman
thinks English women are the prettiest in the world.
He considers the five prettiest women in England to be
the Viscountess Curzon, Lady Dianna Duff-Cooper,
Viscountess Massereene, Lady John Lavery, and Millicent,
Duchess of Sutherland.
HBP *
#ff ?^'V" ?,
: ^ b
M> World Peace While
Russia Is Left Out,.
Barthou Warns Allies
By l.OUIS BARTHOU.
Former Premier of France and Prenident of the Foreign Affairs
Committee of the French Chamber of Deputies.
PARIS, Aug. 18.?Although peace has been signed, it
has not been made. If the world is still in chaos, it is
largely because those whose duty it was to settle the destinies
of Europe thought they could disregard Russia.
While tljey were squabbling about minor questions,
Russia escaped beyond their reach. Now she is drawing
nearer. I
The cam*" of catching her Is In
nr.itely rtingfrnuj, onr of ?tr?m? A 0^1111 I IIP l/ll I Pft
delicacy. It is a ??mc upon which U I _ L U jW| A IVI V ft II I til
depfridt the fat* of the wofld, and J ULlllTlflllO IllLLLL/
must bp carefully watched lest the a a
Sfrmans reach over and grab the QW rnrilnlj III niOT
^TH. allies must leave pride an, Dl IKlIIUII 111 KIU I
sentiment aside. The fact of having ??
kept it* head above water for so , .
ion*, in *pite of aii assumption -o uasn Over Refusal to Handle
jellence of the Soviet regime. ' Bui I Polish Munitions in Silesia.
lhThe \s?v"e""Repubii'^'bfbecomintr - Machine Guns Wound 26.
government _ Hi .rmy h.? beaten *11 ,.0NDOV. Auk IR.-Nine German.,
s-ho opposed It. The enemies of the ,
Soviet regime try to explain away the j 'neliiding two officers of the Security
Soviet victories. But explanations no Police, and a French trooper, were
lot prevent the soldiers of Toucha- killed in a clash between strikers
-hewskl (Bolshevik generallsmo) from anf, Fr(>nrh 8old|p? Kattowiti. in
n*KvennTf The' blind" men of the en- Upp"' ""'d * Reuter dispatch
ente refuse to recognise It, there from Berlin today.
s such a thins as a Bolshevist Tho fighting started when German
liplomacy and a very clcver one. In workers who had gone on strike
!y" Mmrrand M ^mpertlmTnt* and by **nln',t ?h* handling nf Polish muni,loyd
George as "Incoherent." Tchlt- tlon" attacked the French, killing a
herin (Bolshevik foreign minister). French soldier.
rpudlatlng mediation by tho League The French turned machine guns
if Nations, whose existence he had 0??, ,
.ever been officially advised of, show- ?*?"?? the Gernans and used greid
himself a master of diplomacy, nades also. In addition to the dead
.enlne still controls Russia. -6 were wounded.
Let the allies remember this, and Or. Mllowski, a lawyer and leader
emember It when discussing the of tbe Poles at Kattawitz, threw a
Russian problem, for there Is only grenade from the window of his
ine point worth considering anj home He was dragged out and
hat Is the peace of the world. killed in the street.
When Russia signs peace with Po The GattOWltz police threw down
snd. general peace with Russia and their arms and made no effort to reecognltlon
of the Soviet government store order, it was said.
ught to be near. Particularly will After a period of shsrp fighting
his be true if Russia Is wise enough French officers conferred with the
o show broad-mindedness and gener- ,raders nf the strikers and the
slty In imposing her conditions. French troops were withdrawn.
When bv the Treaty of Versailles
n.; COLBY NOT ADVISED OF
ndependent states on the Russian | in nrnilT III F A EI kt\ 1
r,7; around^'COermanjr!?a S?,.? ^ DEBATE IN CANADA
rhlch. devoted to ihe Intereata of Secretary of State Colby today
he allies, would hem In Germany If stated that he had no Information j
lecesslty should arise. concerning reports that the various
The Idea was an excellent one, hut premiers of the Rrltlsh empire are to
Ifflcult to carry out, as subsequent meet this fall In Canada, to renew the,
vents have shown. Anglo-Japanese treaty of alllane*. |
fc.
JtSAW
AMAZON BAND
IN FRONT RANK
?
?
Fight Beside Men in Polish Oftensive
at Thorn?Show
Great Bravery.
OLD TRENCHES ARE USED
l
Soviet War Office Claims 1,200
Prisoners Taken in Rally
After Reverse.
WARSAW. Alf. 17 (Tta Uain.
A?|. 1H),?Pollah tiMfa lire eapI
tared the krlifctni of Vr*rk,
( rim ?! lea urtk of Win*",
the Poliah war ollre annoanced la
tkr following r?aail?oei
Deboarfcla* from the Manila
I ti'ianlt ?ak> fart a. the Polea
hare cleared the north bank af the
Narew river a ad raptared the
bridgehead at Scrork. l%e Rn?alaaa
?ed. leaving haatj behind.
i Klaewhere the f?aat la atattoaarT.**
LONDON, Aug. 18.?Admission
that the Polish counter offensive had
broken the Russian lines on the right
flank of the Red army northwest of
Warsaw was contained in a Soviet
war office communique wirelessed
from Moscow today. The Russianr
claimed to have rallied, driving back
the Poles and capturing 1,200 prisoners.
'
CLAIM IJOO PfURONKIU.
The te*t of the communique follow*:
'The Pole* broke through on th?
Narew river. Later we drove back
the Toliah troops, reoccupylng Clechanof,
on the Waraaw-Dantsig rail?jy.
We captured 1,200 prisoners
and seven suns.
"We advanced westward of Vladi
rair Yolynskl (southeast of Warsaw)
and occupied Hrubiesof and a number
of villages to the southward. Tarnopol
(in Galicia) and a number of
points were occupied. We penetrated
as far as SeborofT."
Polish Troaaen aotdlers are plarlag
a raaaflraoaa part la the Polish
eoaater offeaalve along the Waraa
w-Dantala corridor. Preaa ad Hera
front War* m aald the Pallah araa;
which (V / hattle to the Raaalaaa
adrancla on Thora contained largo
naaker of woaaea, who fought side
by aid with the aaea. displaying the
ntnao- bravery.
T' old trench srstems dug by the
r,e( ins when they occupied Wsrsaw
In \# 15 have been put In condition
to withstsnd attacks and will be
used by the Poles, If needed. Thev
constitute a powerful system of for
tlflcatlons devised by skillful engineers
under Hindenburg.
RUSS DEMAND POLES
CEASE AGGRESSIONS /
Envoys from Moscow State Peare I
Terms at Minsk Conference.
Disarmament an Issue. I
I^ONDON. Aug. IS.?The Russian
armistice snd peace delegation at
Minsk has scbmltted proposals announcing
Soviet Russia's intention of
respecting the Independence of Po- ^
land .but demanding that "the land- \
(Continued on Page Column 1.) %
'FRANCE BLOCKING
PEACE'-TROJZKY
"Most Covetous and Dishonest
Govt, in World," Asserts
Soviet War Chief.
LONDON. Aut 1*?1/eon Trotiky.
minister of war in the Russian Soviet
government, accuses France of pra- M
venting Poland from making peaco m
with Russia, according to an Inter- f
vlrw with Trotaky received from
MOSCOW and printed today bv tha
Daily Horn l<l. official organ of ths
British labor party.
"The delays in the negotiations are
due to the Polish policy," Trotsky
was quoted as saying "kt seems cer- I
tain the Poles will compel us to orcupy
Warsaw, believing It will or* 1 B
ate n favorable situation for IntervenJf j ;; jfi
tlon ?>y the entente. I
"Behind While Poland's hack stanza
France. The French government wi'l fl
by no means allow peaceful relations
to be established between Soviet Rue
sla and Poland. f"r that would ItWW I
?vltahly lead to the fall of the pre*.
ent French' government The Frsnc|f|3 fl
ir<>\ ernment Is tlx ii'lndest, mos"jJt?
i ox tons, and most <',ishoneat of all ?
the governments In th? world."

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