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F?? Commissioners of the District of Columbia extend to the citizens of the District their sincere
i * wishes for a happy and prosperous New Year. The District has enjoyed many blessings during the
past year and it is the hope of the Commissioners that the year on which we are about to enter will be
one of increased prosperity and happiness to all.
CUNO ?. RUDOLPH JAMES F. OYSTER CHARLES KELLER
Commissioners of the District of Columbia,
Suggests Adoption of Modern
Busn?ss!ike System in All
of Government Departments
EXPOSES ARCHAIC METHOD
-c?? rner Budget Director Says
Part of Cabinet Officers Are
Ignorant of Simple Routine
By I alternai Hervir?.
CHICAGO, Dec. 30.?"Our
^Government is the business of
tho people. Operate it as you
^vould any big business enterprise.
Install modern accounting sys
tems in its forty-three depart
ments and coordinate them.
Then, and not before, can we
Strike an intelligible balance of
the nation's business."
This is the suggestion of Gen.
Charlea O. Daw*.??, former director
Of the budget, for remedying the
'?Government's archaic system of ac
counting, esposad through publi
cition of the suppressed balance
>;uet of the PoatOft.ce Department.
Biiowing a deficit of lt.tM.tM tar
the Orai quarter of IMS.
In no other way, in the opinion
of Cenerai Daws? can the Govern
ment he put upon an efficient, busi
The Postoffiec Department, Gen
erili Dawea points out. is only one
o? forty-three Governmental de
partments. It was singled out and a
?alante sheet prepared because of
The Postoffice balance sheet was
prepared after six month? of labor
by expert accountants working un
der the dinotimi <>f F. C. Furiow.
president of the Otis Elevator Com
pany, a "dollar-a-year" man. Its
compilation led lu several aston
ishing discover!? s.
1'iiHt it was learned that the Post
office Depart nient, generally believed
fi If sustaining, or nearly so. operated
during the first three months- of
1!'J^ w'th a deficit at the rate of
nearly 154.600,008 per annum.
Next it was discovered :hat Gov
ernment accounting provide? that
the loan of money to the railroad;
is an "? xpense" and the repayment
Of stich a loan is I "receipt."
If the Postofi;i? Department in
Vented in I in w ?? sto;'flee, the
?mount involved was treated as
?? xpense." Similarly, When it sold
S piece of veal ?state the return
vas a "receipt."
further, it was learned that the
government is without a stock ac
euuntlng system. in other words,
It has no adequate means of taking
1 ?esilile those revelations, the bul-.
Mnce sheet of the Posi office I 'e
purtmenl was pigeonholed and the
iK'partmenl continued to use its
? IT hale accounting system. The
Government's accounting system is
approximately the same today as it
was a century ago.
When A. I). I.asker look charge
of the Shipping Hoard lie Imme
diately set out to ins all a modern
accounting system. As a result he
reduced the number of his accounts
f? oni I.Mi to TOO and produced a
statement which was Intelligible to
the President, to Congress and to
the public as well.
G? neral DaWe? does not blame
any Individual for the laxity In
Government accounting. He holds
the system Itself at fault. He said:
Rl'N IIY Si'ItOKDINATES.
I learned as director of the
budget not to be surprised at the
Ignorance of some Cabinet offi
cers as to the routine business of
their tremendous organizations.
Which are actually run by subor
dinates who have had years of
liven where he possi ss< s great
business ability, the Inexpt rleneed
Cabinet officer gene ally is lost
in the enormous business of the
Submerging of the poatoffloe
balance and operating sheets is
n?il th?? fault of the Postoffice
Department. They were com?
ilit-d about the time the account?
g of the departments was trans
ited by i<:w to the office of the
mptroller General of the I.'nl
? S'ales, who has the great
k of reforming the present dis
aceful and archaic system of
> v. in men t accounting,
??\ METHODS OPPOSED.
Comptroller Qeneral Merari is
? but he in sin rounded by old
eminent accountant? who win
to the death If possible,
? ?t Improved methods.
?nit criticise the Comptroller
?' He has th? difficult task
? ? lining the opposition, partly
? 'rom timidity on the pari
ibordinates. to a ? lalllige
? IMUt disgraceful method
1 ' undertake to sny thnt
right for eorrci-t bookkeep
? will go with It fir
time the chance of
?per ;?< counting ??.*
?;!..,? ... .ii UovvrWIieM an ? whole.
1922 Saw Irish
Over Free Erin
TERMINATION of hundreds
of years of strife in Ire
land came in 1922, when, on
December 5, the Irish Free
State became a reality by the
passage of legislation in Par
liament. Timothy Healy, nn
Irish native, was chosen the
first governor general of the
The previous day, Kamon
DeValera, president of the re
volutionists, was sued for
$10,000 by the Dail Eireann.
He was charged with losing
that amount of money belong
ing fo the National Fund.
However, he has not been
When the Irish Free Slate
began its existence, DeValera,
in his hiding place, issued a
proclamation to all republicans
demanding they refuse to pay
taxes to the new state and re
questing they continue their
Blanton Doubts If Any One of
18 Representatives of State
Is In Ku Klux.
By rnlversal Servi????.
Representative lilantoii, of Texas, <
declared in the House that he dldj
not believe a single one ol the |
eighteen representatives from th ?
Lone Star slate is a member of the !
The Texan made this declaration
in reply to Representative Galli-1
van. of Massachusetts, who on Fri? j
day, opened war on the "Ku Ivlux
Klan Democrats from the South
land" in the coming Deanocni k |
caucus for the organization of th??
Ri |*reM*ntattve Mansfield, also of
Texas, Joined in Blanton's defense
of the Representatives' from that
BlantOfl mad?' compiami against
Callivan's Statement that h?? had'
been told "tn-.'icticailv etri ry Dem? :
crut from Texas is a member of
the Ku Klux Klan." itiantoii said:I
I doubt seriously whether any
member of tin- Texas delegation
belongs to that order, 1 do not ?
lulling and I think the kind of
talk that - is going around the '
country indicating that tin? State
of Texas is dominated by the
Klan ought to stop.
1 pceuuine that some of the
best people of th* nation are
members of the order in Texas.
? presume that BOOM of the best
ministers of the gospel in thai
state are members, but when It
comes to votes they do not vole
for a man in Texas .(list because
he is a member of the Klan.
Valuable Paintings Left
By Almon L. Varney
Almon L Varney, who ?lied De- I
comber 2.?. bequeathes a painting ?
of Ileatiii-e d<? Cenci and another
painting. "Aurora.?' to his daugh
ter-in-law. Mrs. Elisabeth L Var
ney. according to the will filed for
The children ?if a son, Gordon E.
Varney. are given th?? proceeds of
a $3.000 life insurance Dotte?. Fur
niture In the Wes'moreland apart
ments Is given to a granddaughter,
Josephine Varney, Tin? balance of
the estate Is devised to two sons,
Cordon E. und Theodore Varney.
Saved from Icy Water
Onlv to Be Sent to Jail
BALTIMORE, Dec. .10.?Falling
from i'.cr No. I Into the cold waters
of the hurl >r, ThOtnaS F. Ward,
forty yens old, was resetted,
only to be sent to Jail. Police ?ay
in? feii in because he \v.i<= drank.'
The splash happened about 1 idi '
a. in. John o Mil's ws'chmen ?\ '
the pier, and John Reepeas, of the
steamer Georgians Weema, pulled
out Why'. ???. turn it.
lo Patrolman Mercier, Who took h tn ;
?o Mercy Hospital. Prom the hoe-1
pltal, Ward went to Central police
court, where ??? gistrate Stnntyrd
fined him $10 and costs for being |
drunk. He didn't pay.
Two Free State Soldiers
Killed in Ambush Attack
couK. Ireland, Dec. I?.?Two
Flee State soldiers were killed today
In an ambush ? m I. by Irregulars:
at disile Cregory.
A train hound for W'aterfonl was
stopped, the passengers compelled to ,
alight, and the train thin ?et afire
Five Irregulars, including John
l'hilpotf. leader of the Cork count ?
Republicans, were captured near
Nine Irregulars with bombs and
revolvers were captured in a dugout
in county Kerry.
FIRES AT YARD PROWLER.
Discovering a prowler in his back
yard eiirly yesterday morning,
Thomas ? Kin m. Il H streit north?
enst, opened fire With a shot gun.
Th?? man fled but Boss liell.vis
he hit him and notified the police. I
PAY BETTER WAGES,
Advises Business to Drop Pa
tronizing Air and Give
More for Work.
RAPS "WELFARE" SYSTEM
Full Pay Envelopes Make Nat
ional Prosperity, Says
Get rid of the old attitude of
"My good mon, here's a shilling for
you," and pay wages?the highest
wagen. That in what makes pros
This is Henry Ford's advice to
American business men, contained
in a New Year's message written
especially for the International
News Service. The business out
look is favorable, says Ford.
By HENRY FORD.
?Copyright. Itti, by International
DETROIT. Mich., Dec. 30.?The
New Year opens with a full slate
Plenty of big Jobs that were
bungled in IMS should he completed
in 1?23. There Is coal, for example.
With more coal In sight than ever
before, actual suffering exists In
the land. Uf course, when the
people reach a certnln degree of
suffering, something happens?but
only fools would wait till then.
I'NFIT TO HIRE MEN.
Industry has continued unexpect
edly all this winter and the out
look Is favorable. There are hind
ranees, of course. Employers who
are not fit to he employers, are onr
hindrance. We have got to get
riil of the old attitude of "my good
man. here's a shilling for you" and '
ay wages?the highen? wages.
Thai is what makes prosperity
People can buy only with what
they earn. It Is not the mOBjed men ?
who make business, but the wiige
earners. We ned more wages dur
ing the year and less ?if this "turk
?y at Christmas" system, less of
this degrading "w Ifarc" sysiem
that makes a lord of th?? boss and a
pensioner of the workmen.
VIAIK OK MEN.
People don't want to hear this;
they usually want statistical infor
mation. Well, there will be a
steady decreaas in the value of ;
figures until we begin to Increase
? be value of men.
The prosperity of 1P23 rests in
ihiv very things that most people
Ignore. Young men of 1923 ought
to study the money system of the
country? not from lH->oks but from
life. The things that will be true
ten years hence are not yet on the
books. I.et young men quit depend?
big on what they read and hear,
let them dig into facts for them
selves. Put the money system on
exumlniition; put politics and busi
ness and every Other vital thing
under scrutiny, make Itti a year
of hard, persistent thinking, and
not men? listening, and then it
may be by IPM that som?? s?ilid
ground will begin to appear be
neath the nation's tcvl.
Federal Judgeship Given
Loser at Jersey Polls
President Harding yesterday nomi
nated William N. Runyoi for the
additional Federal district judgeship
of New Jersey created under the Act
of September 14, 1?22. Mr. Runyon,
the Republican candidate, was de
feated for the governorship last
The President also transmitted to
the Senate the nominations of the
following to postmasterships In New
York: Livingston Manor. John H.
Baldwin; Middleport, Franklin H.
Sheldon; Newark Valley, Harry T.
Mowlam North Hose, John M. (?ray;
Hhinelieck. Harry Pottenburgh, and
Tona Wanda, Fred Hahn. ?
0. K.'S NEWARK BRIDGE.
Construction of a $9.000.000 rail
road bridge across the South end of
the bay at Newark, N. J., was ap
proved by Secretai.? of Wnr Week?
yesterday. The bridge will be built
hv the Central Railroad of New Jer
sey to replace its present structure
lerna? the bay.
Town Wiped Out
By Fire In 1922
A I.MOST total destruction of
the little town of Newbern,
N. <\, occurred on December
?. ?!?'-?-?. when flames, believed
*o have been of an incendiary
origin, destroyed more than
iOO residences, two churches
n<r iii:iii> business places.
Damage was estimated at
more than $2,000,000. Ftre
uen worked hard to curb the
laze, but the high winds
ui? Uly spread the flames to
ill parts of the town.
Although several persons
?vere badly injured, no one
vas killed. The refuges fled
o nearby towus until aid was
,ent to tliem through the Ited
.'ross and other organization?.
FORBES BIOS VETS
"HAPPY NEW YEAR"
Says Bureau Has Made Great
Strides in Rehabilitation
"It give? me the greatest pleas
ure, as the year IMI bids us
adieu, to extend my heartiest
wishes for a most happy New
Year to the World War Veter
ans." said Col. Churlea It. Korbes,
director of the Cnited States
Veterans Bureau, in a stutement
Issued yesterday. He continued:
I can point to the closing
twelve months as most eventful
ones in the lives of nil disabled
ex soldiers, and I am confident
the approaching ones will be just
During' this period, wonderful
strides were made, not Mil) In
the hospltllization program, but
toward the final rchahilitiUion of
thus.- nffhc'ed with war distihlll
tgflj as well, and I can safely
say that the year IMI should see
u hug?? number of former soldier?
sent Imok Into civilian Ufe bet
ter fltteil to "carry on" success
fully their fight for proper foot
ing In the industrial fabric of
The fiist year saw the first
big Government vocational school
at Chilllcnthe. Ohio, completed,
and it has proven a succ?s* In
every way. New hospitals are
authorized under the second
Langtey bill which will give the
Veterans Bureau the greatest
group of fireproof hospitals In
the world. No other government
can point to hs large a group
of hospltnls and school? as Its
More than 22.000 veteran? have
been rehabilitated during the
past twelve months This means
that these men who suffered dis
abilities during the war which
made it impossible for them to
regain their prewar occupati?*)?,
are now earning n livelihood.
McLean. G. W. U. Man,
Heads Phi Sigma Kappa
Donald Melgan, of Klizalsth, N.
,1., a graduate of George Washing
ton 1'niversity, was elected presi
dent of the Phi Sigma Kappa Fra
ternity yesterday at the final scs
hlon of Its semi-centennial conven
tion here. Other officers elected
vere: Vice president, Gilbert J.
Morgan: recording secretary, F. M.
Krosthurg; executive Secretary -treas
urer, H. Hossman Lawrence; audi
tor, Horace O. Barnes; Inductor,
Arnold C. Otto; regional vice presi
dents, northern. William Huntress;
southern, Joseph If. Batt; middle
western. Charles Reudl: western,
Karl Snell; members of supreme
court. 0eorge J. Vogel, J. Edward
Hoot. William A. Mclntyre. Walter
H. Conley, Frank Premiss Rand.
Alvln T. Burrows.
Dr. Waltor H. Conley, retiring
president, placed a wreath on the
tomb of the I'nknown Soldier in Arl
ington Cemetery yesterday after
noon, after which the delegates went
to Mt. Vernon. A hnnnuet was held
?I the Willard Hotel last night, at
which Congressman Charles F\
Curry of California was tiie principili
A clear head means clear
sale-ing. Get rid of Colds
? the Three Point Box, 25c
Physicians' Size Bottle, 75c
RIVAL SHIP BUI?
1,700,000 Tons Added Since
Treaty, Against 735,000
By 8 Ex-Enemies.
ONLY 400,000 LEFT BY WAR
All Great Companies Either
Launching Vessels or Lay
ing New Keels.
By I nliTvil 8?ttIc?".
Despite Gorman pessimism over
the effect of the Versailles treaty
on their merchant marine, Ger
man shipping iv increasing almost
twice as rapidly as that of eight
leading nations combined, includ
ing the United States and Great
This is reported In a cable to
Secretary of Commerce Hoover from
I'nlKd State? Consul J. K. Huddle
:it Hanil"-'g. who says:
l.-irge cuinlianles at Hamburg and
Bremen are launching new vessels,
and the modern shipbuilding works
at North Be? and Haltlc port? con
tinue to lay down new keels, while
hundn-d* of thousands of tons un
der other flagi; ar?? lying idle.
LLOYDS Omti KK.IRK8.
In the twelve months ended
last .lune, ?'?crinan merchant ship
ping, according to I.lovd'a regis
ter Increased 1,700,000 tons, while
the comhin?fl merchant fleets of
the I'nlted States, the Uritish Km
pire. France, Japan. Italy, f?r????????.
Relgiuni and I'ortugal increased
onlv 73?,???? tons.
With a gross registered ton
nage of ul-out I.?M.0M In Iti?,
and losses of 2.70?.???0 as the
result of war time op?rations ami
of aliout 2. ?00,000 tons as the
result of th<- provisions of the
Treaty of Versailles, (lensssri
tonnage Immediately after the war
reglseiid the small total of
Of this total the greater part
was coimi'is? ?I of old vcss?!s. due
for scrapping, and of the small
coastal vi sorts plying local North
Sia and Hat lie ports. There Iras
not one ship ? xnnssly designed
for oviTsea traffic.
TONNA?:.? NOW 2.0?.0?0.
a rapan just njibllshcd ??ails to
the belief that on Septemb<-r 3'?.
last, the German merchant marine
amounted to a total of 2,013.ou0
The udditions for September
alone, inclini???! in these figures.
OOvOT six vessels launched, a ?gre
gating 33.700 ions, .?nil II v<-mh?-Is
completed that aggregate ?0,700
OPPOSE CHURCH GAMBLING.
LONDON. Dec. 30?Oambling
games to raise rhurch funds are
improper and the pola-e should stop
them if the church doesn't, the
Hishop of St. Albana told a diocesan
DEFENSE OF SHIP
IIQUOR RULIHS FILED
Government Presents Briefs to
Supreme Court in Ap
ASSERTS RIGHTS ON SEA
Contends That Prohibition
Laws Extend Over All Amer
I nlrerunI Nervier.
Declaring that the prohibition
movement was "a moral crusade
under religious leadership," and
'hat the country intended that;
legalized Bocial drinking should
"jierlsh under the iron heel of the
law." the Government yesterday
filed its briefH with the United
States Supreme Court In support
of the Daugherty ship liquor rul
ing of October ??.
The two cases testing the legality
of this ruling, brought by foreign
and American shipping companies,
come up for argument before the
Supreme Court on Tuesday on ap
peal from injunction decisions.
CASK OF GOVERNMENT.
In respect to the contentions of
former Attorney General Wicker
sham, representing ten foreign
shipping companies, the Govern
ment takes the position that the
court has no Jurisdiction to grant
the relief sought; that the com
plaint does not present a proper
cause for action under the Con
stitution; that the complainant has
a proper remedy at law, and that
although the suit Is against the
Crilt.il States it is not shown that
the Government is willing to be
The Government contends that
: he prohibition laws extend over
ill AmerteUM Jurisdiction; includ
ng sh'ps on the high seas.
ON FOREIGN SHU'S.
Th?? Government contends in the
foreign shipping cases thst the
lalin of the plaintiffs would imply
he right of any ship to carry
li.|uors within the territorial waters
if the I'nited States; that the
orreer rulings of Ike Secretary M
h?? Treasury have been used as a
?loak for smuggling; that coin
ulainanta make large profits from
he sale of intoxicating liquors on
the hi* ?l seas, and that the loss of
such profits is the only definitely
iscertainable loss which com
i.lamanls will suffer: that the sale
of intoxicating li'iuors on American
ships has ceased, and that if ves
sels of foreign registry are facili
tated In the sale of liquor on the
high seas the resulting damage to
'he America? merchant marine will
be great and the result will he
in effect a differential treatment
living prefere ace to foreign ships
over American ships."
PI-TTKUSBCRG. Va.. Dec. 30 ?
Petersburg's tobacco market this
year has been one of the best for
several seasons. Cp to today the
total amount of cash paid out to
the farmers of this city has been
$1,00(?.02G>, which is equivalent to
approximately- 3.500,000 pounds.
>?llllH>f III ???I ?A?M
Reserve Your Table Now
For New Year's Eve!
Start the New Year by dining here?in the coziest place
in the rily?vouched for by those who have partaken of
delicious Italian dishes, prepared by skillful native chefs.
American food, too, cooked with painstaking care, and in
such variety as to please every taste.
Music and Dancing
12th Street and Penna. Ave.
Phone Franklin 4178
Not to Marry
HALLT, STE. MARIE,
THE pastors of every church
in Sault Me. Marie, except
one, have signed an agreement
not to perform any marriage
ceremony to which either party
lias a former mate living.
The agreement "views with
dismay the growing evil of
divorce," and is made, its sign
ers say, "in order that no one
in the future may be put to
he embarrassment of being
Resolution Provides for Report
By Federal Trade Com
Investigation of the Armour-Morris
merger by the Federal Trade Com
mission is provided for In a resolu
tion introduied In the Senate yester
day by Senator Norrls, of Nebraska.
The resolution was referred to the
Agriculture committee, of which
Senator Norrls is chairman, and a
favorable report at an early date is
A fight then will be made to put
.. through the Senate. With the
farm bloc lining up solidly behind
the measure, it is expected to go
The Norrls resolution calls for
a report to the Senate as to whether
?he merger violates the law and to
what extent, if any. it will limit
competition and increase the cost of
Army Has Had 104 Calls
Since the Revolution
The United States army has
answered 104 calls to active service
since the revolutionary war, "accord
ing to an article by Secretary of
War Weeks In an official Govern
These calls, the Secretary points
out, have come at intervals averag
ing a year and a half.
PUN TO PUT CURB
Republicans Seek to Stop
Senate Filibuster to Block
NAVAL PARLEY PROPOSED
Appropriations Bill Is Passed
Giving Harding Power to
By J. BART CAMPBELL,
I nl trim? umili Nrw*. St-rviff.
Republican leaders planned at a
! conference last night to start the
I New Year by changing the Senate
: rul?-s so as to Impose "reasonable
! limitations" upon (detjate and < hoke
? off filibustering tactics, which they
? charged were being us?-d by certain
; Senators to tie up the Adminis'ra
I tlon's legislative program and fon???
| a special ?-se'on of the ni w (Sixty
? eighth) Congress in the spring.
! TO PRESS RKSOM TION.
Senator Joins (Rep.) of Washing
ton, chairman of the Senate Corn
j merce Committee, in charge of the
? long-delayed ship eilho'dy bill, an
nounced he wuul.l press his risolo
tion providing for the appointment
of a bi-partisan Senat?? committee to
revise the rules governing debate
Senator Smoot (Itep.) of I'tah.
charged a systematic filibuster was
being conducted by Democratic Sena
tor?, aided and abetted by a little
group of Republicans headed by
-Senator UsPoliette (Hep.) of W.scon
j sin, to delay indefinitely action on
! the subsidy measure so as to pre
vent its passage.
When the Senate adjourned yes
terday afternoon for the New Toar
holiday, until Wednesday, forty days
had elapsed since President Hani
ing summoned Congress in special
session November -0. to consider the
subsidy legislation and. although
passed by the House, it was siili
tied in a legislative knot in the
Virginian Applies for
The Virginian Railway Company
has applied to the Interstate Com?
I merca Commission for authority to
? Issue $2,074,000 of first mortgage
! fifty-year I per cent gold bonds.
; The proceed* will be used to replen
ish the company's treasury for
money spent on betterment and
I extension of the road.
Upon Its Voyage Of
WITH all Sails set, and firmly resolved: To
serve you faithfully and hotter still the
Coming Year. To maintain our leadership in
accurately interpreting Fashion'? Forecasts,
but always with line discrimination. Not to
voyatre'into I'nkuwn Seas, but to steer ;utr ship
bv Quality, Fair Prices and Square Dealing,
those points of the compass that have always ?
held it safely upon its course of Public Confi*
appy i\ew. iear:
'City Club Shofi"
1318 G St.
Cor. 7th & ? Sts.
414 9th St.
191416 Pa. Ave.
233 Pa. Ave. SE.