Newspaper Page Text
Spirit of Jefferson.
Friday Morning, SeplouiliQr 27, 181 J.
THE DEMOCIIATIC TICK?"
Col. JAMES K. POLK.
Ilun. GEORGE M, DALLAS.
1st District.?John S. Mill < n of Norfolk.
2i> do. Thomas Wallace of Pet rabun?.
3d do. William O. (Joode of Mecklenburg.
4th do. W in. Daniel of Campbell.
6th do. Archibald .Stuart of Patrick.
Otii dc?. Thomas J. Randolph of Albemarle.
7tii do. William Sini'h of raucjui r.
8th do. William I'. Tiylor of Carolina.
Utii do. William II. Ib?aii'e of Henrico.
10th do. Richard Cok , Jr. of Gloucester.
1 Itii do. Henry Bedim <t of JrfK'rson.
1'2th do. fire en It. San-.u.-ls of .ShennuJoah.
13th do. James II ?ce ?-i' Pulaski.
1 Itii do. Henry S. iCa . ? of .Sroit.
15tii do. Robert \. Thompson of Kanawha.
IGtii do. Joseph Jolnwn of Harrison.
17tii do. William ?S. Morgan of Marion.
the last urroitT or a dj:spjhi?atj:
The " Free Press " of tlii week devotee a col
umn and more to tliut 1:i1, und most contemptible
of even \\rlii<^ humbugs, viz : that Hritish (!n!(l
is to he brought to hear against the Whiff party
in the preoeilt content. The Whigs liave had sa
gacity enough to discern that British influence
was being exerted to secure tin1 election of 1 leury
Clay, and they knew that the American people at
large would discover the same thing, and hence
the necessity of drawing attention from one party
and directing it to that of ti e other.?Ones any
one doubt the feelings of England in reference to
the two parties? The English have every thing
to hope from the election of .Mr. Clay?and to
confirm this, we give an extract from an article
copied in the " Free Press" of this week, from the
" London Atlas," ? Free Trade pajicr, which does
not, in all conscience look much like favoring
tho pretensions of .Mr. Polk, or the Democratic
party. This, loo, bo it remembered, appears in
tho same paper in which the " Gold bribe" is he
ralded forth. The Atlas say-:
" As regards English interests, we look upon the
probable election of Mr. Clay with mixed feelings.
On the one'hand lie is certainly by far the most
respectable candidate, and the Whig party on the
other side of the Atlantic are by far the most in
telligent, reasonable, and respectable party. A
democratic. President is sonic thing like a Foargus
O'Conner or Tom Dunconibe in power, wh > may
at any moment dash through all the laws of na
tions, involve us ilia war lor some North-Western
boundary or Oregon territory, in order to get up
a popular clamor and carry an election.
Repudiation, also, is a doctrine which finds
much more favornmong tlie whole-bog democrats
than with the staid r-ml respectable Whig, who
has .sufficient intelligence to comprehend the max
im that in the long run "hone, ty is the best policy."
Undoubtedly, therefore, with Mr. Clay as Presi
dent, and the Whig party in tho ascendent in
Congress, we should leol much more conilortable
in regard to our foreign relations, and must look
forward with more confidence to an adjustment
of the awkward questions respecting the Oregon
frontier, which, if neglected, may at some future
period lead to serious embarrassments."
And why should not such base sentiments as
these he re-echoed by every press in England ??
They well know that the Democratic party have
110 feeling in common with them?that they are
not willing that Oregon and Texas shall he given
up to satisfy English rapacity; or tl at the Gen
eral Government shall assume the State Debts,
to feed the pampered bond-holders of American
scrip. The New York Herald, a neutral paper,
in speaking of this subject, has the following
" Every 0110 who is not blinded by lear must
gee tlint, lo the Uritiwli Government the election of
Mr. Clay,and the triumph of n party opposed to
the Texas question, would be more desirable than
the success of Air. lJolk, and annexation. If the
British (iovermnent could have their wishes real
ized in this election, we have no doubt that the
great interests of England, from the highest to
the lowest, would see a President and t ongress
elected that would reject the annexation of Texas,
and let the Oregon question sleep the sleep of
death, than any other party now before the coun
try. Great Britain has a greater interest as a
nation in curtailing the dimensions of this great
republic, and diminishing the influence of its in
stitutions and its principles, than in any augmen
tation of importations to the amount of twenty,
thirty, or forty millions a year."
Hut to the Uritish gnld-Hory. And what, says
the Richmond Enquirer, " is this last of the .Mo
hicans ?"?The gold humbug?or rather the brass
humbug?of which we see so much in the " Re
public" of New York, lately bought up itself by
the Whig party, and in the Richmond Whig and
in the Compiler and in other presses of that ilk !
And what is this fearful chimera .' Why nothing
less than "Britishgold at work" among us?-taint
ing the Loco Foco party. Aye, two millions of
British gold, employed at New York, to print
Free Trade Tracts to overthrow the Tar.lt', and
bring us to the feet of the llritish ihanufaclerers.
Horrible, horrible?and most awful plot against
our liberties !
Yet, let us not bo bewitched by our own terrors
?but look at tho monster seriously. What are
the facts of the case?and next what is tho extent
of the dangers.
First, has this money arrived ? Is it coming ?
Has a single tract been published in Now York,
or a single dollar yet appropriated in America ?
One of the New York papers denied tho fact some
days ago?and what says the " New York Morn
ing News" of Saturday last ?
"Important Intelligence ; Given and Want
ed !?We learn from the Whig press in general,
that half a million of dollars of 'British Gold' has
arrived in this city for the electioneering benefits
o.f,the,Democratic parly. Well, this certainly is
newsr?espcciallv after the remarks ol tho Lon
don c'orresijtfnda'nt of the Boston Atla =. how much
moro 'comparable' our kind and affectionate step
dame acros?the Atlantic would feel on the elec
tion of Clay, than on the success of the pestilent; 1
Democratic party. We are afraid, that the agent
to whom the moiiey \yas entrusted for transporta
tion must either have fallen overboard on tlietway,
and have sunk with the weight of tho golden load
in his pockets, or else must have gone lo Tex?
no, to California. Any tidings of him will bo ,
gratefully received oy the Democratic party at I
large, as well a;) by his 'anxious mother,' if Jn.
deed she yW''knows that ho is out.' " '
'J'lie money, (lion, hah not yet arrived. So it
scorns, as iar a- :the X'Hv York Morning News
is advised. TJji.ti fact would bo one grand ex
tinguisher ot thii last oi' tlic humbugs, Not the
two millions, noi" jlalfri million," nor one dollar
of itHut supjiose (lie!money was in New York,
\\.hat is to bccoiiio of it? To bribe the people
or tho United States to -surir-ndor tlu ir liberties ?
W by, the highlit sum would scarce amount to
iiinepcnce per capita to pacli of our people. And
suppose it was r<> be uised in printing tracts, of
which wo of tho South hen.- certainly have 'not
men nor do wo want a copy? (Uerrion's Free
I ride Uoport is almost sulli-ient lor u? !)?how
could they operate to. this do. tructionofour rights,
or of our interest.. .' F(jw *-o?ld read these tracts,
nlid every man would -read and judge them for
himself. Wo jlow rend Adam Smith, (as Air.
(.lies forcibly said;) and will the Whigs next pro
p to burn thai Hook (is a .'-orotic .' The whole
thing isi. humbug. If Wt} were to need the agency
ol British gold at all, w ? would sooner sus
pect thu large JMtish ccpitaii-tsof sending funds
bore to jnllueiicif our election , for tliev have been
taught jo believe, that Clay's election would brin.'
along uiiU, it the establishment of a .Mammoth
ii ink ol 60 millions, (fn which they might take i
an interest,) and 'he nsjjumpifon of ;!00 uiillions 1
o! State stock, in which they are so deeply con- !
A!'tor l|l!- ? I' ' the old story'of the !
real J'iiiel lirst raising tilio huo and cry of Thief!
I'lie Whigs, (says the Madisonian.) are at
tempting to parrv the many well-susta-ncd proofs
ol the tact, that the British tiovermuent is exert
in/ itsell to secure .Mr. Clay'.- election, by ctiari'
mg, that liritish ;<old hat- been seiit to this country
to li ? expended in the cause ol Free Trade. This
they say,'is used by the Democratic paitv. Now'
we admit thai u Itiitish j/ohI lias been sent to this
country in abundance, to be expended in the ad
vocacy of the doctrine of l-'r-'o Trade. Bit' it
/"/.< been ex/icndeA <m the Whiz* and others whoop
l\ \ lae A nnexmhn of Texas. Texas is to hi; the
t'J'iift THAI) 11 Slat- by means of which Great
britain intends /? ruin t!w ni'iiiufitciures and com
w rea of the Untied Stairs."
Who aiie tiii, Ukiti.-sii I'.un v'/?Whilst the
Whig press are scuttoriiur broadcast over the
land the enormities of that l i t, of all the terrible
humbugH, viz : the influence that is to bo exerted
in the coming contost by "British gold," it may
bo well enough to refer to a vote taken by Major
D n ezac, last week, at the meeting at Harpors
I'l.'iiy. lie requested that all who were in favor
ol the annexation of Coxa , thereby preserving,
aa well as being able to defend against foreign as
sault, tho honor and glory r.f the United Slates,
would signify tho sumo by saying "aye."1 Of
coiiiso one universal respon went up, from every
Democrat present. Then lie proposed that all
j who were opposed to Texas, and in favor of Fug
lind and l.ord Ashburttin's policy, would signify
tbe .-.,11110 by saying "a//.,." And, strange to say,
\\e believe that every Whig present elevated his
voice to the highest key; to respond to so base and
unloyal sentilnent. Lot us hear nothing from
tlint qua iter, charging "loco-focos" with being
flit? **Hrili It party."
Discussion ul llin pers-FeiT}'.
! Messrs. .Millson and llediuuer on the part of the
Democrats, and Messrs. Stanley, Ilunterand lCen
n-dy on the part of tho Whigs, had a political dis
cus-ion at Uarpors-tMrry on 'J'hursday night
week. Wo wore not present, butour Democratic
friends give usn most cheering account. Whilst
Stanley, turned out to be a "small gun," and
Ilunter, possibly from tho previous labor and fa
tigue of tho day, did not cijual his usual efforts,
the Democratic champions w ere just at home
with a pocket li li ol roOks. Millson and liedin
gcr never done themselves more credit?and they
nailed to the wail/all (lib arguments put forth by
their opponents, and cornered them so close that
many of the Whigs who were present were forced
to admit, that their a-ivocates were "used lin
'J./ Mr. Stanj.uv, we arc informed, railed con
siderably in reference *o the Gold humbug, in
his speech at Harpers-Ferry on Thursday night
week. It is bad enough for Whig editors to^bo
guilty of such silly conduct, and it is certainly still
worso for men who have been thought worthy at
oil'.1 period of their life, .)o have a seat in tho Na
tional Councils, to bo made the dupes of so shal
low and barefaced a liunjbug. Desperate, indeed,
must be a cause, when aiu-h schemes have to bo
resorted to in ordei- to sustain its sinking fortune.
.III. C'lnv anil the < utholics.
Another of the desperate means put in use, in
lioiisi quenco of the declining fortunes of Wliig
gery, is :ui ellort k> secure tin- Catholic vote of tlie
country lor Air. ("lay. We were shown at Har
per-Ferry, si few'Jays fiince, a "Secret llaml
!>ili,"' intended for fh(j<>ye of in no hut those be
longing to the Catholic iaith,? in which a labored
ellort is made, to kIiow that. Mr. Clay has always
been the steadfast fricmj of Catholic liberty and
tin rights of the Catholic church. This " hand
bill " also presents Mr. Polk in an untugonistical
po rtion, and say.-, that a: one period of his life he
was ,?o much a TurilViu in, tliat he was not will
in;: to relinquish tie dill - on a Hell that had been
pr<: ented to the <l<itho!\. church of St. Louis.
< iiitholics, wnrin-hearjed, generous Irishmen, is
there one of you that ca n be deceived by this base
and paltry subterfuge ? i \Vt re the Whig party
the friends of Cii'ii'ilic?, when in delianco of all
laxy, religious rights and equal liberty, th-v were
committing to tin. Ilairx - your -acred and conse
crati.sl temples inithe ci|y of Philadelphia I Are
the leaders of the. Wliiig party, ye sons of the
; green Liueruld Isle, voi r friends, when with Sen
ator Archer at the head, they declare ifsuccessful
in tho present contest, yen shall submit to bon
dage in this free land, for twenty-one long years?
Did we mippos ? you could In; cajoled into the
' support of Ilenry flay,, and by consequenceiden
tili .1 with tho Whig party, we would ransack the
records and show to you that thero is not one
principle of identity bet ween you. The Whigs,
and the Whig leador, have beeomo exceedingly
I accommodating of latif. They can suit their
! principles to corrosponi! with all classes and con
ditions oi' men?all political and religious divi
sions?and if need be, flan even "entertain a high
respect for the Latter-Day Saints!" Be not de
ceived then, we say again, by any such hypocritical
H.lTTlie Carlisle Volunteer, as also the States
man, pronounce the statement in reference to 1500
"straightouters" having joined the Whigs at a
precession in Cuiuborlajid County, Pa., unquali
fiedly false, not having, j in the remotest degree,
any foundation in truth'. Try it again Whigs,
you must locate your ^straight-outers" further
from home than this. !
.!' ? I.
THE J UKliJUniCK convention*.
On .Saturday list the D^inocratift-Wass. Meet
ing at Frederick City came oil", agreeably to pre
vious notice, .ind it was, all in all,U most glo
rious gathering/ The Democracy of Maryland ;
seemed truly o/oused, and from the number that
were in attendance, the enthusiasm, yet perleet
harmony that /narked this meeting, we were in
deed led to bdieve that all will be well, even in
that old Federal .State. Some of the delegations
to this meeting, were about equal to most ol our
Virginia Festivals?and the various delegations
bore with tiem every variety ol banners, and
young hickories and poke bushes in abundance,
as well as (lions, "served up" to suit the tastes ol
their warm admirers, the universal Whig party.
The ladies, too, to the 110 small discomfiture of
the NVhigs (who, with their acknowledged liberal
ily, claim all the ladies as belonging to their side,)
seemed to have rnado one general rally ; and such
a display of loveliness and beauty, and the bright
beamingeye of woman, seldom has it been our
pleasure to look upon. The decorations of the
town were most beautiful?the streets were cross
ed in all directions with arches of ever-grcen,
on each of which was suspended portraits of our
distinguished nominees for President and \ ice
President. The Democratic houses were also
adorned with wreaths ol flowers, portraits of em
inent individuals, &o. The procession, It wis
estimated, (and this was the lowest cstimalo \vo
heard,) contained about two to one, over the
Whig procession of the Thursday preceding, r.lt
took the procession upwards of an hour to pass.
?Several delegations were present from Virgin
ia?a hundred or more from .lellbrson, a respecta
ble delegation from Frederick, a small number
from Berkeley ; and the "Spartan Hand" of Lou
doun, too, were there, with buoyant hearts, confi
dent that if they were beaten iu their own politi
cal-priest-ridden county, all would be well in the
When the procession arrived on the ground,
the crowd was so great, that the managers found
it necessary to erect an additional stand, in order
that the people might hear the political truths
that were to be so ably and eloquently put lorth.
.Major Davezae of New York, and David Stewart
of Haiti more, occupied one stand, whilst a young
yet talented straight-outer from Baltimore City,
Air. O'Neill, occupied the other. Of the sjieeches
of at least the two first named of these gentlemen,
it is unnecessary for us tospeak?they are known
to most of our readers as among the ablest cham
pions of the Democratic party. In consequence
of threatened rain, the crowd left the ground at an
early hour, all in perleet order, without the least
accident occurring to mar the pleasure ot the
At night, it had been intended to hold the meet
in the court-house yard, but iu consequence ot
rain, the people assembled in the market-house,
and were addressed by Messrs. Gihuour ot Penn.,
Harding of this town, McLean of Baltimore, a
notlier straight-outer, and Lowe and Nelson of
Frederick, in brief yet eloquent and forcible
speeches. It give us much pleasure to state that
the address of Mr. Hauling done hint great credit,
and was received with the most rapturous ap
plause. We were assured on all hands that
Frederick county would be "right side up" in the
approaching conllict, and that this meeting would
make assurance doubly sure.
Willys, Item! !
For the benefit of some of our Whig patrons
who are laboring under the delusion that the
Democrats of Pennsylvania, (and perhaps else
where,) are advocating the Whig Tariff of 1812
as a democratic measure, we copy an extract from
the " Pennsylvania Statesman," a democratic pa
per published at Carlisle, Cumberland county:
" It is clear and incontrovertible that the Tariff
of 18.12 is, out and out, a Whig niea-nre j con
ceived ami matured iu Whig congressional coun
cils ; passed, mainly, by Whig votes; and designed,
in strict accordance with whig principles, as much
for protection as for revenue. This Tnrill'of '42,
then, being a Whig measure, how can men, pro
fessing to be democra's,object to Col. Polk because
he is opposed to it? To do so, is both unfair and
inconsistent. It Col. Polk had responded to the
interrogatories of the Dickinson meeting in the
same spirit of friendship for the Act of 1842 that
Mr. Clay has done, what would have been the re
sult? Why, most unquestionably his abandon
ment by almost the entire National Democratic
Party.' 1 le could not have stood a day as the lead
er and champion ol democracy alter endorsing
the most unjust and oppressive Act ol the \\ liig
Congress of 1812. lie could no longer have
been recognized as a democrat?and, alter the re
peated expressions of op nion against that act
which he has given, which were well known to
the National < onvention from whom he received
his nominal ion, and to the people to whose sup
port that body recommended him, a sudden change
from hostility to friendship lor the Act of 1812.
must have lost him the resjieel as well as the sup
port of the Democratic party from Maine to
In connection with this, which has itself grown
out of that Miller movement in Dickinson town
ship, Cumberland county, it gives us pleasure to
have it in our power to s tate, from undoubted au
thority, that this Miller is the veriest changeling,
lie has not acted in good faith with the democratic
party for three years, or more; that he supported
j Harrison in 1810; and in 1811 the democratic
1 l?rt y refused to have him on their ticket for the
i State Senate. He was supported by the Whigs
I at the last Congressional election in opposition to
Mr. Dlack the democratic candidate, lie ' Is a
man, as our informant tolls us, whoso influence
does not extend beyond thirteen individuals, which
number composed his meeting, and also his com
mittee, we believe. And, from what wo have
learned, it is generally thought that it was his de
liberate intention to produce dissensions in the
democratic ranks, but he lias been caught in his
own meshes. Now, in order to relievo himself
from the odium of the charge of hypocrisy that
some might urge against him, and to prove him
self honest in purpose at least, let him renounce
his pretended heresies in relation to the Tariff,and
be in future an unwavering Democrat, and per
haps a little more importance will then be attach
ed to his party movements. Lest our renders
may be deluded also in regard to the views of the
democrats in New York, we copy the following
from the New York Plebeian, a domocratic paper
published in New York city :
'? If thero is a democrat in the Union, who has
been deceived into ths belief that the present Ta
riff'is a democratic measure let him be undeceiv
Mr. Miller, bo it known, is the proprietor of a
large iron manufactory, and of course is one of
the capitalists of our country !
New York Natives.?The' New York Natives
have resolved to nominate candidates for Gover
nor and Liout. Governor to run against the demo
cratic and whig candidates.
Riifht nbotit l'ucc.
Tlie NVhlgs who have been courting the nboU
tion vote tor Mr. Clay, because lie was opposed
to the annexation ot' Texas, have been struck
dumb by his last letter to his southern placchohling
friends,Stephen F. Miller, Esq., ot I'uscaloosa, Al
abama. Mr. Clay tolls Mr. Miller that '? person
ally" Mr. C'. " could have no objection to the annexe
alion of Texas" but that " he would be unwilling
to see the existing Union dissolved or seriously
jeoparded for tho sake of acquiring Texas." So
it seems that Mr. Clay personally is in favor ot
annexation, and is only deterred front going for it
bv the apprehension that it would produce a disso
lution of tho Union. Who does Mr. Clay mean
to charge with a design to dissolve the Union in
the event of Texas being annexed to the United
States I Does he mean to cast this odious impu
tation upon his Whig friends ? Does he mean to
say that he believes that they would attempt to
dissolve tho Union ? This is tho obvious import
of his language ; and we leave it to the Whig par
ty to get along with the insult in any way they
may choose, promising, however, that wo shall
hereafter expect that they will have too much de
cency to ask any man to vote for Mr. Clay to keep
Texas out of the Union. There was a period
when we gave Mr. Clay some credit for courage
and frankness, but he has become, in an eminent
degree, time serving, double dealing,and insincere
a sort of " good lord, good devil, politician," who
is laboring by miserable shifts and expedients,
to accommodate himself to the conflicting inter
ests and opinions of the Whigs in dillerent sec
tions of tho country.
Political Discussion at Clinrlestown on Fri
The lion. A. II. II.,Stuart, Whig Electoral
candidate for tho 12th District,will address the citi
zens of Jcllerson county, on Friday, 1th of Oct. It
will be seen from the correspondence which we
publish to-day, between the Democratic Corres
ponding Committee, and tho Whig Committee of
Arrangements, &c., that no objection will be
made to Mr. Stuarts being replied to on that oc
casion by some one whom the Democrats shall
select. As we are certain that our party will
fmd some champion to advocate their cause, we
doubt not that the discussion will be very enter
taining, and we invite our Iriends both from the
county and from a distance to attend and witness
CiiARi.EsTowx, September 19th, 1811.
Gentlemen?Having seen a notice in tho last
" Free Press," that the lion. A. II. II. Stuart will
address the people of this county, on Friday, the
4th of October next, we respectfully request to
know whether you will object to his being replied
to on that occasion, by some one whom tho Dem
ocratic party shall select. We cannot help be
lieving that a discussion will be more acceptable
to the people than a mere ei'-parte address. II
you concur with us in this opinion, we will meet
you at any time you shall suggest, and make such
arrangements lor the discussion as we hope will
suit both parties.
Very Respectfully, vours, &c.
GEO. 'IS. BE ALL,
li. Hume iiutciiEH,
J. HENRY BEARD,
Corresponding Committee oj -fell. eo. Central
To Messrs. Andrew Hunter, L. C. Cordoll, Geo.
W. Sappington, (ieo. W. Hammond, Win. C.
YVorthington,T. II. Willis, Connn't &c.
Chahi.kstowx, Sept.. 23d, 1811.
To Messrs. Beall, Butcher, untl B ard, ('out'I?
GE.NTf.EMKN?We respectfully acknowledge the
receipt of your letter of the lUtli inst., relative
to tin." contemplated visit and address ol the Hon.
A. 11. II. Stuart to the people of .lell'erson, on tho
? 1th of next month, and requesting to know it there
u ill be any objection to his being replied to on
We at once reply, certainly not. His address
I will be in public?and alter it is finished,any dein
1 ocratic orator would have an undoubted right,
without consulting us, lo reply to him. \\ ero
our consent necessary, it should not of course be
Mr. Stuart has consented, simply, to address
us on that occasion, and wo are not sufljciently
acquainted with his arrangements to justily us,
in committing him to a regular discussion at that
time. In any event however, the Whig party will
be prepared with an advocate, to whom they are
willing to commit the maintenance ot their prin
I Whatever arrangements the occasion may re
: quire, we will cheerfully join you in making.
Your obedient servants,
l? ('. CORD ELL,
(i. W. SAl'I'INCTON,
G. W. IIA.MMOND,
W. C. WORTIIINGTON1,
T. II. WILLIS,
IIknhy Dkdixoek I'Jsq.?Our ablo anil faitli
1'ul Elector, on his route from Charlottesville home,
was made, in accordance with the demand of the
; people, to stop and deliver (not his money,) hut
j several staunch, genuine and eloquent Democratic
! speeches. Of his report at Harrisonburg, Hock
i ingliam County, the Register says :?
" IIknky HKDlNGErt, Ks<j.?'I'his fearless and
eloquent champion of Democracy, addressed the
j citizens of Harrisonburg, at the Court-Uouse on
last Saturday night. Mr. li. was on his return
J from the Charlottesville Convention, and his ar
rival among us very unexpected. Although great
j ly exhausted from the fatigue of traveling and
J speaking, he entertained us for about two hours,
j with a masterly speech on the Dank and Tarill'
questions. I lis arguments wore presented with
[ an ability, clearness and force which must tell ef
fectively upon the popular mind. We cannot
imagine how any man, after listening to the lu
cid and lorciblo arguments of Mr. I!, can still en
tertain a doubt in regard to the ruinous and de
structive tendency of the Protective tarill"policy,
upon the Agricultural and laboring classes of our
country. Mr. lledinger's fame, as an able and
I oloqueiit debater, had preceded him; and his
| speech on Saturday night fully sustained his re
lie was also present, together with Caskie,
Bayley, &c., at the great Democratic meeting at
Staunton. A correspondent from that place gives
the following," in his sketch of the meting :
"Henry Bedingcr, Esq., of Jefl'erson opened the
discussion on Friday morning, with a powerful and
effective speech?exposing in a masterly manner
the faithlessness of the Whig party, and the gross
inconsistency of their champion. He then turned
to the Tarill which ho handled in a most able
manner, showing clearly to the people that it is
destructive to their best interests, and the prosperi
ty of the whole country. 1 do not pretend to give
an uccount of his entiro speech ; stillice it to say,
that ho caused many of the Whigs todoubttlie
correctness of their views on this great and in
This correspondent further adds:?
" The " Spectator" endeavors to make the peo
ple believe that our speakers advocated the entire
Free Trade doctrine. This is not correct. We
only demanded the repeal of the Tarill of '12,
and a return to the Compromise Act. If that is
Free Trade, Henry Clay is certainly the father of
the system, although it is true, that in violation of
his pledged honor, lie has sanctioned its repeal."
Identity of the Whig and Federal Partj*.
It can 110 longer bo a matter ot .doubt, us (o the
identity of the present sell-named Wtiig party,
and the old Fedoral party. It is true that the
Whigs have endeavored, by every means that
their invontive ingenuity could suggest, to break
up the old party lines, and to erase, or rather hide
and cover up every vestige of Federalism with
which their party is so ttrongly characterized.?
But their efforts have proved unavailing, and, like
the reckless moves of some desperate player, havo
only served to embarrass themselves, whilst they
have awakened tho just suspicions of the true Re
publicans of the country, and caused a thorough
investigation of the whole matter. The conse
quence of which investigation has \>cm the dis
covery of principles, feelings and measures com
mon as well to the old Federal, as to the modern
The administration of the elder Adams, whose
odious Federalism has been, since his reign, the
theme of the severest animadversion, first gave
tone to the doctrines of a party known as the ad
vocates of almost unlimited powers iu the Eederal
Government. Tho peculiar tenets of this party,
the notions of consolidation which they Ise'emed
bent upon carrying into practice, to the lullest ex
tent, would have come nigh swallowing up entire- j
ly the few evidences of sovereignty that were
reserved to tho States. It was during Adams'
dynasty that the benign and gonerous law ot the
previous administration, in relation to tho natural
ization of foreigners, was rendered a dead letter
upon our statute liooks. Although it cannot be
supposed that the period had arrived in tho history
of our country, when we could have felt tree,and
entirely secure from the diretul influence * which
the exercise, by designing foreigners, ol the privi
leges of citizens may have had on our young lie
public, yet in the wisdom and patriotism ot such
men as" Washington, Jellerson, and their adhe
rents, live years probation tor the foreigner, with
proper evidence of attachment to the institutions
of our country, was deemed sutUcient for our safety.
Hut Adams and his partisans, inore jeajous of the
growing polarity of the liberal and enlightened poli- ,
cy oftheadvoeatos ot tree and democratic priu iples,
than desiious to add strength and vigor loan infant
nation, raised the period from live to fourteen
years. This measure, in their renowned policy,
: was justly and universally condemned by every
true Republican. While the Republican party,
with the proper conceptions of tho policy most
conducive to the best interest ol our belovid
union, extended to tho honest foreigner the hand
of welcome, upon conditions at the same time
safe and liberal, it was the policy of the Federal
party to prolong the inhospitable distinction be
tween tho native and the alien, until it grow a
repulse as cold and inhuman as that of an Euro
pean monarch with his sated realms. While a
refuge was prollered .by tho one party, to the vic
tim of tyranny's oppression, who, to abide with
us for but a single -easoli, was to appreciate and
love our form of government, he was forbid by the
other, to breathe with freedom that American air
which their sclflsh policy had contaminated.?
Then it is not strange that old federal Adam's,
with his devoted partisans at his heels, should
have been hurled from the chair of State, at tho
close of a single term, by the voice of an indig
nant people. And upon the elevation of his suc
cessor, that philosopher, statesman aiul patriot
Thomas JelVerson, the period was reduced troni
fourteen to live years, which act has received the
sanction of the Republican pa'rty, and every suc
cessive administration. The present Whig party,
however, or at least some of their leaders in Con
gress, have avowed their determination to raise
again, if possible, the period not merely to four
j teen, but to twenty-one years! And we have
yet to hear a single Whig throughout the coun
try express opposition to the proposed measure ;
but many have boldly proclaimed their approba
tion. And if Ilenry CIdy himself has failed to
publish his opinion on,the subject, his silence is
j ominous certainly that his partisan movers iu this
matter will meet with his approving smiles. This
is a single, yet it is an unerring feature of iden
tity between the feelings and measures of the
present Whig, and old Federal party. Aral from
the weighty considerations involved in it, it be
comes us all to look well to it, Tho law*prescrib
ing fourteen years of probation to the man who
had escaped from despotic countries, united as it
is in the same chapter with the alien and sedi
tion law, (a law which has been visited most Un
sparingly with the anathemas of the American
people for nearly the last half century,) stands,
(abrogated it is true.) on our statute books as a
monument of Federal usurpation and misrule.?
And passing strange would it be, to see a party
' of the present day, thus identified with tuat party,
; raised to power !
Other points of identity suggest themselves to
our mind, but from the short space loll us, we
will have to content ourselves by referring to only
two others for the present. The Republicans from
motives of the soundest policy, advocated, and in
1803 ollectod the annexation of the Louisiana
Territory, iiiclutliiiif Texas; the Federalist.'!, with
all rancor of party zeal, opposed it. The Dem
ocrats of the present day, from similar motives
advocate the annexation of Texas; and the Whigs,
with Ilenry Clay as their leader, oppose it. The
Federalists in 1811 advocated the incorporation
of a National Bank, and the Republicans opposed
it. The Whig party, now with Henry Clay as
its champion, advocate that measure, and the
Democratic party oppose it. Need we look fur
ther for evidence of identity ? With those points
constantly before us, it is impossible, we appre
hend, for the humblest capacity to see. Let these
truths bo rovolved in the minds of the people.?
Let them be kept before the eyes of the voters as
beacon-lights to warn tliein of the cragged shore
of Federalism on which our national bark may
be stranded. IIARVEY,
ItPTho Warrenton "Flag of '98," contains a
graphic skotch of tho Mass Mooting in Fauquier
on the 17th inst. About 7000 persons were pre
sent, all confident to the highest degree of the.glo
rious victory that awaits the Democracy in No
vember. A gentleman just front Fauquier, assures
us that from tho changes that are daily taking
placo there, it is confidently anticipated she will
be "right side tip" on the day of tho great battle.
Messrs. Young, Caskie, Scott and Barbour were
present at the meeting, and delivered, it, is said,
most able and interesting addresses.
Illinois.?The official vote in this State at tho
late election is published in the Globe. Tho De
mocratic majority now, .'3 1*1,775, in 1810, it was
1,939, showing a Democratic, gain of 12,830 .'?
Six Democrats and one Whig elected to Congress
?all the Democrats by an increased majority
.. .. .. >*?*?"
'(B^Col. Michael IIoke, the Democratic can
didatq Ibr Govornol' in North Carolina, at the re
cent election in that State, died a few (lays since,
at tlio ehrly ago of 35 years. Col. II. is said to
have lioon one among tho brightest jewels of tho
? old North State"?a gentleman who possessed^
talents of the highest order, and evefy qualification
that fitted him to adorn the most elevated pnblf
stations. Only twelve years since he was a lu|
studont in Winchester, Va., where he attache
to him many warm friends, not only in ^I',reder-,
ick, but in our own county.
Louisiana Election.?Tlio Whigs must have
something to crow over, and they art* not very
scrupulous what it is. Tlijjy are nciw making a
great ado, bccauso they liave elected a Senator
ih the Attaknpsits District, 1-oniSiana,'by 76 majo
rity, where in inly liu?t they had ISO, frtld iii 1840
they had oS3 ! This is a glorious Whig victory,
to bo sure, and a few more such, will not leave
them a corporal's guardiA the State.'
OCT The lion. John'M. Berrien has been tra
versing Pennsylvania, delivering speeches with
out end, as to the benefits resulting from Whig
policy, and more especially that darling measure,
tlio Tariil'of '42. It is recorded as somewhat sin
gular that he has never yet told tho good people
of the Keystone, that one .Mr. llerrien, a Senator
from Georgia, voted against this same Tariff, and
exerted all his influence to defeat it, together with
some 30 or more of his Whig Mends.
PANIC AMON'tJ"tjIe wiuGS.
Tho New York Herald says there is a "terrible
patlic amongst tho whigs of that city," which
seems fo l>b " increasing and widening every day."
The 1 Icrild adds:
"During tho last two days numerous secret an
important consultations have boon hold amongs
tho leaders of tlio whigs in tlyis city, and couriers
have boon sent into tho interior of the State, lor
tho purpose of devising ways and means'for Con
ducting tho campaign with tho greatest possible
ellect for the next six weeks. Tho committee
rooms, and private as well as public places of re
sort, have been crowded with individuals'seeking
information as to the prospects, and endeavoring
to lintl some ground on which their lhith and hopes
The Herald also says that tho panic has been
increasing very much, particularly since tlio .Maine
election, and that there is really very little doubt
that every possible means will bo resorted to by
the unscrupulous partisans of tho Whigs, in order
to prevent a total disorganization of their ranks.
The Herald next notices an article in Webb's
Courier and Enquirer, in which allusion is made
to the probable resort to physical forco on tho day
of election: j
"Wo all know very Well what tlfcso prelimina
ry exhortations to abstain ffom violence, adduced
by the party organs to their supporters, iriehiy?
They art- merely admonitions to the lawless and
disorderly to bo in readiness. And nothing shows
more eiearly the existencp of,the panic than this
talk about physical force in the whig organs.?
Wo trust, however, that tho virtuous and respect
able friends of our republican institutions will
unite for the purpose of preventing any scenes of
violence at the polls, anil to save the country fro in
being again associated in the journals of Europe
with the outrages of a mob. Not only do these
hints about fraud and physical forco indicate* tho
existence of tho growing panic in tho whig ranks,
hut the new tactics o! agitation adopted by tho
organs of that party very strikingly demonstrate
the same fact,and their consciousness of tho neees-,
sitv of the introduction of some new themes of
popular excitement, in order to create a little addpj
tional bouyuncy of spirit in the camp.
"During the last week there had been a luke
warinness in the whig press, which but too strong
ly indicates tho paralyzed condition of tho internal
fabric of that party. Now. however, it seems that
a little courage has been plucked up, and a new
movement made o! a character difibrcnt from any
of tin1 recent attempts to create an excitement on
the old issues in the contest. The controversy on
the tariti'has degenerated into the grossest absurd
ities and imbecility, having ended in miserable
discussions about cottons and needles, and the
price of warming pans, and such ridiculous small
wares. Then the discussion on tho Texas ques
tion, coupled with the letters of Mr. Clay and the
speeches of Webster, Seward, and others, has
j tended only to give strength, force, and momentum
I to the abolition party, and thereby to abstract a
; large portion of the "whigs from the -support of Mr.
! ( I ly. A national hank is ah unpopular tqnjc here,
| where all the moneyed irioti are oppbsod to any
j such institution, and it has been brought very little
; into play. All these topics then are d'issipa
1 ted and exhausted, so that scarce a vestigo of
them remains that can be brought to bear "ipon
the popular mind."
Tin: .maim: tkiijiiiimi !
It would bo idle affectation to conceal the sin
corc and heartfelt gratification, which porvados
tho bosom o: every friend of the republican cause,
on the unexampled triumph that has crowned the
clliirts of Democracy in Maine. They had conli
1 dently anticipated some manifestations of a change
in public sentiment favorable to their cause ; but
when the Eastern gales brought on their wings
the glad tidings of a radical and overwhelming
REVOLUTION, they experienced a thrill ol joy
which they are proud to acknowledge. te?.
The result is not one of mere transitory impor?j|
tance, but has decided issues of transceudant mag?! 5
nitude. it is not investing it with too great ai?
importance, to say, that IT DECIDES THE
QUESTION' OF THE NEXT I'SESJDENCV.t
It proves that 1811 is not 1810, and that tho coon
of that period," fatand sleek," has dwindled down
i to a lean, lank, decrepid animal?a fair rcpresen
I tation of modern wliiggery. It demonstrates, too,
i that Henry Clay is not Gen. Harrison; and that
| hundreds,nav thousands, who enlisted under the;
banner of " Tip and Ty," have now returned to '
their " first love." All recollect the chilling influ
ence produced upon the Democrats in 1810, by
their unexpeclcddefeat in Maine?all acknowledge
the encouraging ell'ect of their glorious triumph
now! It has inspired the Patriot with renewed
confidence in the stability and prosperity of our
happy institutions, affording the most cheering
cvidenceofthe increasing attachment of tho Amer
ican people to free and liberal principles. Rejoice,
Democrats, then, rejoico over your success in
O'Thero will be a grand torch-light proces(
?sion in Baltimqro, on Monday night next, 31WJ
inst. The Whigs will have one on the "Inyfi
following. Tho faro from Winchester to Ita?f-4
more will be half price.
Hon. W.m. Smith;?As requested, we publish
on our outer-form the answer of Hon. William
Smith to the Card of John S. Gallahcr, Esq., in
refereuco to certain votes given by the latter geiir
tleman whilst a member of the Virginia Logislai
litre. Mr. Smith fully sustains, we. think, all
that he asserted in his Winchester speech.
BALTijiiOKE Sun.?This able and spirited sheet
appeared on Monday with an entire new dress.?
Tho editors seem never to tire in catering for the!
tastes of their readers, and to leave nothing un-f
done that will add to the interest *of their paper/
The Daily is published ut ? t per apnum and f
for six months, or ?1 for three. The " WeoU
Sun" is $1,50 per annum. The paper was fouiL.
ed, and has been continued oK the cash princijH"