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The Abbeville press and banner. (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, February 25, 1870, Image 1

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THE ABBEYILLE PRESS AND BANNER. \
, ,n.-- I ; V/ i v^A ! ' . '5 W '
BY W. A. LEE ANp HUGH WILSON. - , ABBEVILLE, S. C., FRIDAY. FEBRUARY 25, 1870. VOLUME XVII?NO. 4/1.
I ' 'I mmm _
mrvTTTirr m i I - - -
1UYYJN lAAJib
For I87Q.
Abstract of Ordinance.
The following Taxes have
been Assessed for 1870:
lical Estate, 20 cents on each
(cash valuo) 8100.00.
Every Pleasuro Carriage, or like
vehiclo, 2 horses, $3..
Every Baroucho, Buggy, or like vc
nicic, l florae, $2.
Every Omnibus, Hack, Carriago,&c.,
for hire, 2 horses, $5.
Every Buggy, Baroueho, &c? for
hire, (1 horse,) $3.
Every Ilorso, Marc, and kept for
for hire, $1,
Every Four Horse Wagon, &c., for
hire, $5,
Every Two Ilorse "VTagon, &c., for
hire, $3.
5 cents on each $100 sales of
merchandise, &e.
tt AA T> r ! 1
m i;elites uu uucii i?iuu x ruiubsiuuui
income.
5 cents on each $100 income
from mechanical employ incut.
5 cents on cacli $100 income
from keeping hotel, privato boai'ding
house, livery stable, barber shop, &c
Each Daguerreo typist, &c., who
onens rooms. $1ft
JL 1 W
Each Dog, 50 cents.
5 per eent. on all transient persons,
venders of patent medicincs
shoes, leather, hats, tobacco, books,&c.
Each show or exhibition, (other
than circus,) not less than $5.
Circus or equestrian performance,
each exhibition, $25.
Side shows to the same, if any,
each $5.
Retail License, quarterly in advance,
$200.
Quart License, $125.
Each Billiard or other Table kept
for gain, $75.
Commutation Tax for Road Duty,
$3.
All Returns to be made by
1st April next, and
Taxes to be paid by 1st May
next.
All defaulters to be double, taxed
1 -U-- * ' - ' *r
iiuu cx?uuuoiib issued on 1st Alay next.
Returns will be made to ROBERT
JONES, Clerk and Treasurer.
WM H. PARKER,
Intendant.
May 2, 1870.
f_; v f.
Farmers!
Increaae jr>ur Crops and improve your
Lands l>v usinp
PH(EXIX GUAXO, .
Imported bv u* direct fropi the VUceoix Islands
wvpiw *#UUVUCV?U?: I r
Wilcox, Gibbs & Co.'s
MANIPULATED GUANO,
Prepared at Savannah, C?i?., and Charleston,
S. C., whfch has proved in the soil the best
Manure in use.
Guano, Salt ani Piaster Crapi,
fA\*o prepared at Saviun?ih and Charleston,
for sale for cash or on time by
WILCOX, GIBBS & CO.
IMPORTERS & DEALERS IK
GUANOS.
99 BAY STREET, .-.AVANaa.J, GA.
6? EAAT BAY ST.. CHARLESTON. S. C.
241 BROAD STREET, AUGUsfA, GA.
For farther information, address as abore for
circular, or subscribe to Southern Agriculturist
Ml r> M..VI I? J. -?
MJ " v. *u\iMui|/njr ? vv.| ?i/ nu*
got* and Savaunah, Ga., at the low price of
gfic.. par annum
JNO. KNOX Agent,
Abbeville, S. C.
Dee. 10, 1869, 33, 4m
Greenville and Columbia Railroad.
- ^ J GENERAL
SUPERINTENDENTS OFFICE,
Columbia, January 16, 18*70?M*a
t&nfiae* awitai Jtsamc
, ~i r rr.' ~ -Tz *,v'" 7r<
ON'and after WRf>NF?DAV," January 19
thafolloiriiiff Schedule Will be run daily, Sun
day excepted, connecting with Night Tr*ina or
South Carolina Road, up and down,' and with
Night Train on Charlotte, Colombia and Augusta
Road goiog South,:
Leav* Columbia, f.OO a m
?r "ArttoV " 'k 8:<o * m
" Mewberry, . 10.10 a m
Arrive Ahhevide* . S.OO.p m
" Andera^n. 4.20 p m
u Greenville, 6.00 pm
Jl?aTe Gretntfllt, 5 45 a m
? - n Anderson, 6.25 a ra
' ' * - - Alib^ville, : .. S.^O a m
** Newbury, < lfc.86 m
M Alaton, 210 ? m
Arrive Columbia. 8.45 ft m
The Train will return from Bolton to Ander
?ou on Monday and Friday mornings.
% JAMES O. MBBED1TH. Geceral Sop
NATIONAL MITEL,
COLUMBIA, jS.' 6., .
B01I'W; Pwgrfetoi
TtU Joynar'a Omnibaa Lint, wbioh wi
Hem* oogglee, CarriegVi, 4fo-, for biro o
.oO f> QTXnH tf)oowrol!
Li. ' ..." ,
I In the quiet of the evening
Two are walking in unrest;
Man ha? touched a jealous nature,?
Anger burns in woman's breast.
(Thoee arc neiiher wed nor plighted,
Yettho uiaybe hangs as near
And a? In.grant astti.' wild rose
( Which their garments hardly clear.
And as briery, too, you fancy f
t Well, perhaps so?some ead morn
Once or buih may, for n moment,
, Wish they never hud been born,)
Ilnppv quips an J honest pleadings
Melt with Filoiice or a sneer;
But more keenly has she listened
biuce she vowed bIic would not hear.
Now a great oak parts the pathway.
"Nature'll gratify your mood,
To the riglif,?let -his divide you;
It will all be understood."
So Caprice, with childish weakness,
Yet with 6iibtlety of thought,
"Whispered in the ear of woman.
Love with dread the answer sought.
VTns it superstitious feeling
Struck at once the heurts of two?
Had l.e seen proud eves half sorry
For what little feet must do ?
Fir he 8tivtched"an arm towards her,
Folding nothing but the air,
Sitying nothing,?juvt the motion
Drew, without offiiiding there.
In the quiet of the eveuing
Two are walking back again ;
Ai tlic oak, their hnppy voices
Whisper of a vanished pain.
What if they to-night be plighted,
And the maybe hangs more near,
And more fragranftliati the wild rose
"Which ilicir garments hardly elearl
And more briery too you fancy ?
Well, perhaps so. Thorns are ill,
Hut love draws them out eo kindly.
One must trust hiin cuuie what will.
The Supreme Court?Lesn.1 Tnndprc
-
Tlie decision delivered a few
days since by tlie Supreme Bench,
in tbe ease of Hepburn, vs. Griswold,
establishes tlie fact that "a
contraot for the payment of monej
made before the legal tender act ol
the 25th of February, 18G2, had
reference to the coined money, and
could not be discharged, unless by
consent, otherwise than by the tender
of the sum due in coin, and
that such contract, therefore, was
in le?"iil irminrt u '
- - 0 JL WV&AV1UVU 1U1 IUU
payment of coiu."
Chief Justice ?haee, who delivered
the opiiiioir, in discussing the
manifest intention of the act, said:
We do not think ourselves at
liberty to say that Congress did not
intend to make the notes authorized
by it a legal teudcr iu payment ol
I the debts contracted before the
l?uH?ago 01 ine net. we are thus
brought'to " the question whethei
Congress lias the power to make
notes, issued under its authority, a
legal tender in payment of debts
which, when contracted, were made
payable by law in gold and eilvei
coin. The delicacj' and importance
of this question has not been overstated
in the argument. Thif
Court alwaj s approached the consideration
of a question of this nature
reluctantly, and its constanl
rule of decision has been, and is,
that the acts of Congress must be
regarded as constitutional unless
clearly shown to be otherwise. Bui
the Constitution is the fundamental
law of the United States; by i
the people have created a Govern
ment, defined its powers, prescrib
ed their limits, distributed then
I among $he different departments
and directed in general the manne
of their exercise. No departmen
of the Government has any othe
powers than those delegated to i
by the people. All the legislativ
powers granted by the Constitutioi
belongs to Congress, but it has no
legislative power which is not thti
granted, and the same observatio:
is equally true in its application t
the executive and judicial powei
granted respectively to the Pres
dent and the Courts. All thee
powers differ in kind but not i
source or in limitation. They a
arise from the, Constitution, an
are limited by its terms. It is tli
function of the judiciary to inte
pret and apply the law to cases b
tween parties as they arise for judj
ment "We can only declare whj
' the law is, and enforce by propi
- process the law thus declared. Bi
in ascertaining the respective righ
or nn.rt.ifiH. frtnnantlv hfimmw
? x-?Zl ~~t?
eB&ry to consult the > Conatitutio
,! for there can;be p.DOrJ^ rffiQonsi
< tent with the fbnd^eptel lai
ot nitili tuijW oI> ionaej J? <ij
j .HiM "idS c
< ? *< .Wi: ?C? .*T.:uri?'l
?
%
tnc United States which shall b
' made in pursuance thereof, and al
treatise made, or which shall b<
made, under the authority of tli<
United States; shall bo the Su
prcmo law of the land, and tin
judges of every State shall b<
bound thereby, anything in tin
constitution or laws of any Stat<
to the contrary notwithstanding.
o
Not every act of Congress then ii
to be regarded aa the supreme lav
of tlie land; nor is it by every ac
of Congress that the judges ar<
bound; this character ami thii
force belongs to such acts as ar<
made in pursuance of the Consti
tutiou. "When, therefore, a cas<
arises for judicial determination
and the decision depends on the
alleged inconaiatonov rvf o
_ J
tivc provision with tlio fundamental
laws, it is tlio plain duty of the
Court to compare the act with the
Constitution, and if the former cannot,
upon a fair construction, be
reconciled with the latter, to give
effect to the Constitution ratlici
than the Statute. This seems sc
plain that it impossible to make it
i? ?
jjiiiniv;! vy urgument. it it be
otherwise, tho Constitution is not
the Supreme law.
"It will be seen from this," says
the Baltimore Gazette, "that the
Supreme Court lias taken the opportunity,
in this decision, to discuss
the powers of Congress, the
usurpations of which, although it
docs not call them by that name,
it evidently looks upon with some
uneasiness. In the course of the
opinion, Mr. Chase laid particular
stress on the fact that the powers
of the Government established by
. the Constitution ?vere limited, and
that the object of the Constitution
' was to regain the limited Governi
nient from the exercise of powers
not clearly delegated or divined by
1 just interference from powers dele'
gated,' and that, where Congress
~ adopted measures prohibited by
the Constitution, or 'under pretext
ot exercising its powers,' passed
laws for the accomplishment of
objects not entrusted to the Government,
it was clearly tlie painful
duty of the Supreme Court to de1
clare that such law was not the law
of the land.
The decision itself, important ns
it is, is rendered vastly more so by
the able sound and independent
manner in Which it is delivered.
< It is a decision m"' "" /v,wi
lllUlWO UI1U
1 feel for a momeut tli.it the Constif
tution is not a myth, and liberty
' not a sham. The many points dis*
cusecd by Chief Justice Chase as to
* the rights of Congress to issue pa'
per money, to declare it legal ten1
der for any debts whatever, to re1
sort to it as a war measure, are of
! secondary importance. There is,
' however, another question, incidents
ally referred to, which a most im
portant one. That is, the rights of
* States to regulate their own cur
rency, which Mr. Chase says they
have the power to do, "subject as
t has been lately determined, to the
? control of Congress, for the purJ
pose of establibhing and secnring
} a national currency.' Mr. Chase
t does not say whether or not such
- control is constitutional, as he now
t bodily declares that the issue of
- greenbacks, which he himself ad
- vocatea ana tatiiored. was in some
i respects if not in all, dishonest and
1 unconstitutional, there is no reason
r that ho should not declare his own
t favorite pet National Bank system
r an outrage upon the Constitution
t and a fraud upon the people."
e
a Manliness.?Dr. Agnew .thus dis
t courses: Almost all young men be
s tween tho ages of fifteen and thirty
n five seem to be forgetful of the debtf
o they aro accumulating against thoii
a future health by bad habits. And
here let me remind the reader thai
ie habits may be bad and injurious, ever
Q if they do not include tho praetioe o:
U any of the grosser forms of bad liv
, ing. Insufficient out-door life, un
I taimnnakla 11? '
mwiwvv ivyiv vwnuiug, me ire? uso 0
>e tobacco, the daily or even occaaiona
r" use of alcoholio boverages, the indql
Q* gonce of impure thoughts, tho failuri
?- to nourish tho-brain by ongaging i
At upon sach things as tend to lift thi
2r thoughts above that which is low, in
at dicate, but by no means exhaust, th<
ta Hat of b^d habits to be avoided
c- Young, mdri often inherit a stock o
n good heaItii..aa -th{5y..flometixaes.gD
' wealth, from tfceir snoestore, and . pre
N dM&Wspendttt *S thdngteft WeW
4 t
^ punl^ffc&H4 ho age Of fifteen to tha
5n tiToforDe fef an activo^mwing yout
It are vigoroos and almost inofthi&ttst
of ble, But the reckoning time ?&m<
;j| MQV3&LT r?0 MUIiXGi vC
v ^'/mr ^
?
e with absoluto certainty; llio debts
] unconsciously or ignorantly accuiuuc
latcd must bo paid.
B :
A Trip to California.
i
3 In turning ovor tbo pages of tho
^ Southern Cultivator, a monthly agri^
cultural magazine, which has been a
favorite with us for many years, wo
chanced upon tho following letter
3 from tho accomplished and amiablo
* Dr. Joseph La Contc. It was ro^
freshing iudced to meot with stri2
king a contrast to tho desolation
3 which reigns around us here. We
3 arc gratified to learn from this mid
- other sources of information, that
3 Drs. La Conto auil famines are happily
established in their new homes,
} and in the enjoyment of health and
prosperity:
Our Georgia and Carolina readers
k will remember that tho political con^
dition of South Carolina, caused Professors
John and Joseph Laconto to
resign their chairs in tho South Car'
olina University, and to accept posi!
tions in the University of California.
The following extract from a private
letter to tho writer, by Dr. Joseph
; LeConte, descriptive o? his trip
i across tho continent, scenery, topog,
raphv. climate n.ml
^ ...... i |;iuuuulions
of California, will bs found very
i 11 teresting.?Ed. Cullivutor.
Our trip across tlio continent was
really .delightful. The sleeping cars
are so admirable, tbat there is not
the least fatigue. I was as fresh on
arrival alter seven d;i3*s travel, night
and day, as 1 was when I started
from New ?perhaps a little more so.
The scenery?so beautiful, so novel,
so over varying?kept the inind
in a state of constant pleasuablo excitement.
First, the boundless and
ti.,u.l..eu U.w 1 r?-i
uuu xuAui luijiiy green plains
of the Pintle River Valley; then the
excessive barrenness aud ruggedncss
of tho Black Hills; then the deep
and precipitous canons; then the desolation
of the Salt Lake Valley, and
the rainless alkaline plains ; then the
woody flanks and snowy Kummils of
the Sierras; and finally the fertile
plains of California. Wo arrived
I lie'fi in 1 " Jl *
- ... v.<v luirtui |)ui ii ui i iic ury
season?there hud been no rain for
three or lour months. The country,
therefore, was brown and sere, and
the air du6tj-. The rain commenced
about Bix weeks ago, and now eve grilling
is green. With the first fall of
rain iu October, the grass springs, the
trees bud, flowers expand, and everything
presents a beautiful appearance.
In all the private grounds, howI
A?f/vto * *
^Tur, mo gruen una ttie llowers arc
kept up all the year, by artificial watering.
The winter here is so mild
as not to interfere seriously with the
growth of vegetation. ..
The most remarkable peculiarity o
the face of the country, which strikes
a new comer, is the want of forests.
You have no doubt heard much of the
magnificent forests of California; but
these are confined principally to the
slopes of the Sierras?there aro some
magnificent forests, also, on the coast
range. Such coniferous forests, I believe,
aro not to be found anywhere
else in the world- Besides the giant
trees, (Sequoia aeigantea,) there is the
redurvod tree, which often attains the
diameter of fifteen or twenty feet,
and a height of three hundred feet;
the sugar pine and the pitch pine,
each of which are often feet in diameter
and three hundred feet high. A
species of arbor vitas (haya) attains
au equal size and altitude. About
the Bay of San Francisco, however,
there is nothing liko true forests.
Imagine a bay five or ten miles wide,
and twenty or thirty, miles long, dotted
with highroe.ky islands, completely
surrounded by beautifully picturesque
mountains, fifteen hundred to
throe thousand feet high, connected
with tho Pacific only by a narrow
outlet called the "Golden Gate," about
a mile wide, between high, rocky
promontories, and you will have some
idea of this magnificent bay, certainly
* one of tho finest harbors in the
? world. The mountains about the
' Knt? trV?A*?A 4\ ?
t.uww va-? uiuutiLiuuu aro not
L precipitous and rocky, are covcred
& with green grass, and dotted over
1 txt4 K /ilnmna aP4*?ao 4 -
>..*M viupujiv v* lui iuaig Hupuruie
f parka ratbor than forests. The infin
itely diversified soulpturings of theso
*- mountains, produced by erosive agonf
oios, are thus exposed to tho eye of
1 the geologist. , . I
The moat romarkablo peculiarities
a of the climate here aro: 1st. The alt
tarnation of dry and wot season ; and,
a 2d. The uniformity of temperature.
- In speaking of the tvel season, you
& not- suppose that there is con'
slant rain. There is not more rait* in
f ^the-wet *ea??ir than-we have in tho
t winter east. Tfafc rain ?U1? ao gently
f that much'less suffices. There" is in
: "tt
9 er proportion?or fine aay? here than
i- there. 7 Th? ^VfotfUO ifj thS? moat de>t
lightfai season of the'year. The
h ^af^en^u^hj^d
h are bright. ThoMan winter temped
i- atare is about(ihe same as in the low
* wunixf MQ&i&S fctai extremei
M 'Aafi rt<b
. & xvu&<i tr-::T '.Us:a.
;>T?: j\ a jH.
. #.
aro not bo great. We liavoonly li(
frosts; tho Biimmors aro ucvor so 1
as to produco tho slightest lassitu*
tho suinmor aftornoons arc too coo
really chilly. Everybody, thereto
wears tho wamo clothing and flann
all tlioycar round. This is tho co
'.climate hero. In tho intorior 1
winters aro coldor; and especially i
summer daj*s aro hotter?very h(
but tho nights are always cool. N
cr a night in California in which <
docs not require a blanket. On \
Otlinr linnH
ovuiw-jjf nro in w
tcr?only a littlo morning and ov
ing. Tho coast clitnnto farther So?
is not afflicted by tho chilly i
breezes of tho somraer afternoo
The chilliness of tho winds spoken
is duo to tho existence of an Art
current off tho coa&t in this pr
The cliuiate here is decided y invl
rating?it has agreed with us all w
derfully.
Acts of the Legislature.
I
I AX ACT TO PROTECT TIIE KIFHTS
PERSONS LAWFULLY IN POSSESSI
OF LANDS AND TENEMENTS.
Be it enacted by the Senate a
TlnilCO f\ f* p '
~ i-otrillitUYOS OI t
State of South Carolina, now n
and sitting in General Assemb
and by the authority of the sail
That after iinal judgment in an j
tion to recover lands and teucmci
in favor of the plain till", if the c
fondant has purchased the Ian
and tenements recovered in su
action, or taken a lease thereof,
those under whom he holds, 1
purchased a title to such lands a
tenements, or taken a lease then
supposing at the time of such pi
chase such title to be good in f<
or such lease to couvey and seci
the title and interest therein (
pressed, such defendant Bhall
eutitled to recover of the plainl
in such action the full value of
improvements made upon su
lands by such defendant, or the
under whom he claims, in the ms
ner hereinafter provided.
Sec. 2. The sum which la
6liall be found, at the time of t
rendition of such judgment, to.
wortli more, in consequence of ir
provements so made, than it woi
have been had no such improv
mcnts or betterments been mac
shall be deemed to be the value
such improvements or bettermen
Sec. 3. The defendant in su
action shall, within forty-eig
hours after 6uch judgment, or di
ing the termof the Court in whi
the same shall be filo
complaint against such plaintiff 1
so much money as* the lands ai
tenements are so made better,
the office of the Clerk of su
Court, which shall be sufficic
notice to such defendant in su
complaint to appear and defe
against the same, and all subi
quent proceedings ahull be had
accordance with the practice p:
scribed by the Code ot Procedu
Sec. 4. The Court on entry
such action, shall stay all such pi
ceedings upon the judgment c
tained in the prior action, until
final judgment shall be obtained
tbe prior action, until a final jut
ment shall be rendered in this i
tion; and the lands and tenemci
so recovered shall be held to
spond to any judgment which sh
be rendered on such complaint,
the same manner and for the sai
time as if the same shall be atta<
I ed on mesne process.
?eu. 5. Execution on the juc
ment rendered in such action sli
issue only against the land andjt<
ements recovered, as in section
and shall not. in any case, ise
against the gocds and chattels
other lands of the defendant,
Sec. 6. The plaintiff, in an acii
for the recovery of lands and t<
ements, shall recover nothing
the mesne profits of the land, t
cept on such improvements as w?
made by hini or those under wh<
he claims.
Bec. 7. The foregoing provisi<
relating to betterments, shall i
extend to any person who has,
to red on lapd by,virtue of any, c
tract made with the legal owner
such land, unless it shall appear,
the trial of the actioto of the cs
'tha1> such owuer has neglected
Pni-fi 1 6iviil% lrtrt?v^4in a4 \*ZL
iuiui ouvu wuuavi uu ui9 part,
which caaa such person in post
slot* shall,be entitled to alltbppr
: lege hereinbefore providefl ->;
'thoetftfh'o Stored5 upon afftf ittt
. prpoeediwga. .^hdV*teMkmimk
> )lmd -' halls be held-' in the e?
tl.nm 'V I'**
' ?**; ? ' u 1 out #*<? *41 1
>U ti "?v I'.fc, i K~... ' - >
;lit teenth day of January, in the j
l>ot year of our Lord one thousand t
J?i eight hundred and seventy. *
l- CIIAS. W. MONTGOMERY, ?
,ro' President pro (cm. of the Senate.
0,8 FRANKLIN" J. MOSES, Jr.,
oof '
Lho Speaker of the House ot Represeu- ,
the Natives.
)t. Approved the 19th day of Jan- t
ov'_ uary, A. D. 1870. t
)no " ROBERT. K. SCOTT, 1
Lhc Governor. H
41
in
enltlj
Our Indian Policy. Ii
sea a
ids. A Plea foii the Red Max. a
i of v
:tic CIcorgo Catlin, who has spent bo 1!
irt. many years among tho Indians, lias
go- addressed a feeling letter to Gcner- ^
on- al Sheridan in reference to the lattcr's n
treatment of the lied Men, from P
which tho l'uilu/,ing extract aro 8
made: J*'
Yon ary commanded to "sweep tho 11
whole country," to drive from their ^
OF habitations and hunting grounds, and "
0\ /Venn the grave* of their paraoU and
children, the whole entire population 11
of 1.500,000 s(j^!i*ro miles into restrict- Hl
n(| od and gameless and \Torthlesa rcscr
jic I vations, in which starvation will be Cl
1 ^ inevitable : and out of the limits of l'
ict I
. which you ai'o commanded to treat u
all Indians as "enemies of war"?that
1C> is, to put them to death ii" they do rl
lc" not surrender to your arms, and give 11
you their country, to he occupied by *5
tc- squatters. The history of tbe world l{da
records no decree like this. Brave | a
ch soldiers and gallant officers, I have 11
or been over tbe ground. 1 know the. "
tus pcoplo and I know the diiliculties ^
nd yuU have to encounter. You go S1
30f in obedience to tbe government -of
ir_ your country. "The government ^
2C must protect the citizens" (protect ?
^ j them iu possession of another peo^
I plo's lands and iu the robbery of their Cl
^ i uin/ means 01 existence.) itocolleut c'
I that the government of your country 11
1 i '-in protecting her citizens'' destroys
a race and gains a continent. This &
ch may be a "necessity" and it may not, l'
>60 but it will be for history and not for * '
tn- you to decide. For the inhuman (j
massacre but a short time siuco of c
nd 500 poor CheyetineB (massacre with
he treachery) did the government of
bc your country punish any one ? Had y
n_ not the Chcyennos a right to do it ? p
For subsequent destruction of a Cl^cy- ci
c_ enne village, and the massacre of eve- tl
ry man (102) with the capture of 53 \n
^ warriors, and 900 horsos, (who we are o
told by the Indian agent, were friend- n
Iv. and on th?ir wnv (n n
? . j ?
c" ed reservation,) has the government p
'lit punished auy one ? And had not tho b
ir- Cheyennes a right to retaliate. S
ch The atrocities of these horrible C
a scenes, in this age of "glorious civili- h
for zation," surpass in cruelty anything s<
nd the invasions of Cortez, of Pizaro, ti
Jn and Do Soto, and the Americau journ- si
ck als tell rne that you have recently si
,nj. surprised a camp, (village?) of the tl
ck Cheyennes, killed fifty two .warriors, I
, and captured 400 horses, and four tl
bv/uo i/i uixcu uuuuiu Qltai/| ido only l'1
and last means of their existance. A
111 Oh, mercy, mercy! A small and o
re~ friendly tribe when I lived among b
re* them thirty-five years since. Where o
are they going ? Wha'. have they o
fO- done? How many of them now ex- I
>b- ist, and who havo got possession of n
a their lands, their buffaloes, and wild
in horsee.
[g. God, perhaps may forgive my counac
try for such cruel warfare, and O, for ^
its my country's sake, that thero could ^
re_ bo a solvent for history, to erase such
records from its pages. The govern- ?
jn mcnt of j'our country that sends you 1
with cannons, with sabres and revol- 0
^ vers, to "sweep" theso people out of ^
their country (and consequently, from
the face of the earth) has been proud c
before the civilized world, in assum- ^
a'* ing and exercising a "guardianship" n
Jn~ over theso poor people, denominating
1, them its red children," and instruct- 1
me ing them to call the President of tho a
or United States their "Great Father," 8
which they havo always a"d every- 8
on whore obediently done ; and, when e
an- your swords are drawn, forgot not | ?
for that just when tho f\ill rights of
ex_ American citizenship havo been mag- a
nanimously granted to 4,000,000 of ?
Africans, tho blows you are dealing
C>Da aro to disfranchise an independent.
Cand the only American) race, and 1
Hls show to tho pbsorving world, and re- *
"cor4. in tho page$ of history, the sin- k
en- gular <ino?nal^ ?(C>a . ftn infunt,icidal r
on- war) of a father inheriting d whole *
?f continent from his dying children.
. ,r >. ?.? j ti.
on ^ >. f i t [
ise, 1
t' R*PPAJMED.?A young roan named 1
jn '6alley, of Edgefield District, S. C., 1
jea^ wiU purflUed to thiB city on Friday, <
. . by bis father, from whose coffers it i
ivi?
seems ho had abstracted flOO, to de- j
1?* fray the espbuawo? ft Wosterii trjp". i
:The*poMo<? arrested and -hold the
ybfln^Ttoto tontibyest Onlay* jnorjfting,
tfbfc -WCttVcrfag $00 of the mto?ib#!X?<toey;
w9' The penitende of thejtoah&ttMrt Jtfiov-'
tech ed uptfn- thefathet's heart, aiid ho
rf a vu allowed to nt?m horn* with his
* ***** , JlOfl
k!-?u33 Zffil otJUltoi> 1. r .>.1^;: ,! C j tsivJ
J
mrcnt, yesterday, without prosecu;ion
for bin IVocilom willi tho oio
lomau's greenbacks.?Augusta Ckroncle.
-- ' #
Riokety Legislatures in tlie Soutli.
Tbo reconstructed Legislatures iu
bo Ronlli ni'fi m>t. ? ?niiww ' >>" ?
ho Republican purl}'. lieu Bullet*
limself could not look upon them and
ay truly in his benevolent way,
Bless yo, my children." CJreely no
oubt execrates and curscs them in
lis heart of hearts, while Sunnier
lone, whoso heart delights in war
nd slrife. may be able to loolc on
ritli inward satisfaction. The Louisuia
Legislature is engaged, it would
oem. in a general garao of grab,
'ho Governor, from his own statelent,
seems to bo the only honest
ublic official in the State, and he is
0 unexceptionally honest that ho
ufnscd one hundred thousand dollars
1 bribes merely for signing bills
'ho dusky members, besides, have
censed all sorts of Sunday games, of
liich Southern darkies are so fond,
iiIiI it is reported that the principal
Lrects of New Orleans arc luminous
itli siirns of "Faro. Keno. &c... PI:.v.
J ' ' ? - "V
J Ilcro" In the Florida Le^i.-lature
lie littlo game of impeachment lias
eetl played again, the Governor beig
the party oil trial. He was acquitted,
but ho telegraphed imtncditely
to his representative in Coiiress
to gay that all the Federal Kad al
office holders worked solidly
gainst him. The Alabama Lej_i !aire,
with a heavy carpet-bag majory,
has been quarrelling with th?overnor
over the proper mode ol
[jelling; the North Carolina Legisiture
and her Governor and Auditor,
etween them have placed the credit
f the State in danger; Mississippi
lireatens to put the Senatorial Iiadiuls
in a dilemma bv sending a. color
d member to theUni'td States Selite
j the Arkansas Legislature and
overnor Clajuon had to carry on a
uerrilla warfare for month* before
liey could secure their positions, and
eorgia?well, when wo speak of
leorgia even Philosopher Greely's
apaeity for swearing fails to do jus
ee to the subject.
This is a very poor showing for four
ears of reconstruction. Tho system
ursued by the lladicals aimed e*peially
at bringing tho States ba<-k so
;?roughly Republican that they
ould never give us any more Dumcratic
trouble. But even this has
ot succeeded. The States are only
republican for the moment, Tho
resent Legislatures are enough to
lot all the Republicanism in the
outh, and the Radical leaders in
lonKfess eeem to know it. for thov
? * J
avo tried to patch Virginia together
3 as to bo sure of her, and are still
pying to patch Mississippi in the
xxao way. In fact, the wholo reconduction
system has resulted in a
bing of shreds and patches that the
ladicals cannot trust. They fear
liat Heed of Florida, is a broken
eed; that the radicalism of Smith, of
ilahama, is mythical; that Holden^
f North Carolina, does not feel much
eholden to tho pnrty ; that Bullock,
f Georgia, is likely try to gore his
wn friends, and that Warmouth of
jouisiana, like Dawes, is talking too
luch out of school.?New York Herald..
' _ %
' The Dignity op Agriculture."?
n an article in the "Rural Carolinan
>r February, by our fellow-citizen,
V. P. Starke, Esq., tho remarkable
tatemcnt is made that "the valley of
Igypt. comprising an area of about
ne-fifth of that of South Carolina,
ras covered, in the days of Diodorus
iculus, with 15,000 cities and towns,
ontainiug a population of, perhaps,
,000,000." The sanio writer relarks:
"The tillage of soil, in all its opera
ions, is but a series of beuutifnl garbles
of the tilluge of tbe mind and
oul of man. So full of digbiiy and
anctity was agriculture to tbe wisst
of people, that tho King of anoint
Egypt, himself a priest, went
arth from his palace, after tho anuuI
subsidence of tho Nile, accompalied
by tho priests, and laying his
mod to the plow, opened tho first
arrow of tho year. In this way, was
b declared in the most solemn man?or
by tho people, lb at God and;/the
st&tohomored human labor, and that
lothing was more sacred and dignifi;d
than tilling the soil and -making
>read 4or wvo. , ; Are
we wiser ? ; Is it more honwP
*ble and man like; for a you^h, to
.voigh out penny-worths of sugar, ol
to mix drugs, or to vqx Rio hard Roe,
Dr to walk the streots in cfjrls ahd pomatum,
than with Wredarrn^jM
ptrjke the plow share AnT^^G^iSrtfi
and ada to tio tff[JfojU
anlttiogranfyeK^
as thank Go3?l^i. slavery is doiM
with, art3 tht? -IK&oihAIP mat*
daf laboVft
like the ibrtl
the to behold the
teftrtiir.JE a ! T 3
as ci' ivq v ir.?t V, r)
JF .^K I.'i
^r':'
\
1
tilled by bis own bands, our }ohr)?_,
men may learn bow noble and l;ii
liko a tiling it is, and how peered" tn
worR the earth." .
| Isabella, onco queen of Spain,
charged with having stolen ;
crown jewels. Well, the thin.,;
apt of good credit. It is hoc i.
likely that the queen did pau>:o
her flight, like JSessiea. in oriM
_ - 1 " 5' 1 ' '
self with a treasure to whit!. :
may have thought she had a <1 ; =
Still, it is ouly fair to recoiled tl..
this kiud of charge is always rn;;
against fugitive sovereigns,
eveti fugitive rulers who never v. on.
a crown. There was, for iusumcr
a scandalous and an unfoumkd ,u.
cusation made against KossutU o'
the same kind?carrying oft Hun
garian regalia and jewels and <vivv.
such portable property. '1 hi
charge may bo taken as a rcgul:s =
part of the agenda of every dethronement
; it may, perhaps, pro ?
a hit in Queen Isabella's case; 1. .
it is right to remember that it lr:
in many or most other cases mic.;~
ed its mart. Isabella, doubllo.
h s sinned so deeply that two <
three accusations more or ica.could
hardly affect her reputaiijt
in the eyes of the world. )<u
there are some stories told ot he.
?such as her wearing, tlirousif
religions fervor, the cast off tinder
garment* of Sister IV.trocino?
which really have not a grain <
truth in them, and which yet wil'
always be repeated and believed b^
the public. We read, lately, a bit
ter attack it a New York paper on
Geueral Prim, the purport of which
was that he was Isabella's lirst lover,
4.1 ' ' >
iinu uieremre snouiu neve? have
helped to drive her from the throne.
Now we really don't know whethe:
Prim ever was or was not a lovci
of the queen ; but even if ho did
occupy that easily obtained position
25 years ago, we hardly think that
would he a substantial reason, politically
or morally, for his acquiescence
in the perpetual enslavement
and degradations nf liianrmn
try. It* Isabella did :qhoose to
lavish her favors, as other libera1
sovereigns lavish orders, that hardly
is a reason why tho favored one
o twenty years syne should never
after be allowed to rise to the dignity
of manhood and patriotism,
and prefer the country which is always
his to the worthless miss who
flung herself at him for the hour.
' * ^" 1 7
Family pride notoriously-1 talcfes
the oddest ways sometimes of asserting
itself. The little Loiidon
c/amiu in "Punch," exults over n.
ragmuffin companion on the ground
that "my mother can whop your
mother." A still odder illustration
came, not very long since, under
our knowledge. There was a family
living in Paris?we shall..-not
say from what they came; but they
were not French, and they habitually
talked the language'the
Anglo-Saxon race?and'this fsimily
one evening received a visit11 fi*0m
? TGI i *
a. uuouiiig jnugiiBu iaay novelist,
who lias a French name, and' is
found of writing romances about
delightfully wicked young heroes.
i The hoBtess, during the course of ?
! the eveuing's conversation, 6p(oko
in language of admiration about
i one of tl>e fair novelist's most delicious
and diabolical characters,
and then said, meditatively ^JIc
I quite reminds me of brothet.-Ed
ward." "Your brother?'>'him
whom I met here?" QskB the novelist,
with a slight expression of
der ami scorn in her tbWfe's. " "Ybs;
don't you think there !W*a -fei5mi
blauce V" Wliy' in'y^tle'ar Sirs.
>' , r*V m in ij fir
I :?, v.our brother.seems to . me
I . 11. . . ... ,'J t; ' */ J.v~i nil.IT ?
just a good, respeetuble gere defamI
tlc^y , "I beg yourpar&f^^j^ins
1 the matroii,. with flash terep^j'i^e is
nothing of the 80rt*rjsq4asf
girls were not present ImoohWU*;c11
' you things of my brpthtov which
would postttWW^^aptouirii' I^ou."
The' croAtrtlfc 3f ch'6Hiiiiig- wickedness
had'ttdtMd gW<J6 fcufcW bow
her tffeftf Shd'^fstt'-'fticefnlly to
1 M&SW (5t?lMtfgh' "hfl "fiBr"
tbrother feclward ^aisja'si> &a.#rekt n
[i > sS\v i;.L, , [,-ft viflrli" ?
, pcppndrel as ttye ^qs^^o^lar of
hor own heroes. r ,r or , . f
; r V-? t >i .^crT
I )?Tho PrdB^iah-G&v?WirtibnHlM{m il,<
'efftry^ footNjfMtao'fcn-i>
tor^/w'cbrflpletlsltKaA.'Uv^flywlsiHjf ra^
;Hnwrt84>iwat^f^o^^.ciu^py# 11 is
0 U CQw?w>intljqiii. 9j) ^rjnesi^ fuj^ary
1 tQKuv4**fc*i tfrift
i can |o<?wefltr^tf4^tjUt^o^woof
i aity
'> 1.1 c* ? ? n i ,'.1 V I,'ii> frntnon n *
"u -mn*-: ^a'.Ai idi'-?i*inhf iaoiqoit
*::?.i'ffv viI ^Aiiirf r^coi cfk a*dr
?U\?
,' 4 ' ' '' .

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