Newspaper Page Text
Henry W. Williams, president of the
Massachusetts Bicycle Club, must be an
enthusiast. Since and including 1880, he
has ridden 13,578 miles. He took to
bicycling' for his health, and it has made
a well man of him.
The tenth census, "like a wounded
snake, drags its wearied length along.'' .
Thirteen large volumes have been pub- j
lished, and others arc going through the |
prcs.% while a number of other reports i
remain unpublished, including those by |
J. R. Dodge, the statistician of the agricultural
department, on fruits and orchards,
sheep-husbandry and wool-grow,
ing and hop culture.
Lfprosy is declared by the Lansing
(Iowa) Mirror to exist to a considerable
extent among the colony 01 Scandinavians
from Northern Norway, now settled near
the village of Spring Grove, in Houston
county, Minn. Doctors who have examined
the subjects, who are in three or
four different families (but are related),
are said to have pronounced the malady
Most readers of Shakespeare arc aware
that Juliet was a very sweet young maiden.
The thrifty citizens of Verona take mercantile
advantage of the fact. They sell
"Juliet's tears." which are confections
resembling liquid gum-drops, or brandy
balls. The correct tribute to leave 011
Juliet's grave is a gold-paper heart and a
dried rosebud, wrapped in a magnolia.
The Veronese tradespeople take great
stock in the popular reverence for the
Ex-President Arthur suffers from insomnia.
Until recently he has been in
a. 1 I- _ l _ r i ! i . i v . . . !/
me nnoit 01 trying to read niinscu to
sleep when in bed. ''But not very long
ago.*' says Harpers Weekly, "having;
placed a pitcher of ice water beside liim
on retiring, he awoke to find that he had
unconciously upset the pitcher and emptied
its chilling contents upon the bed."
The incident has caused him to break the
habit of reading in bed, lest some time
he should upset an oil lamp in a similar
Joseph Arch, who commenced a movement
in favor of elevating the condition
of farm laborers in England some twenty
years ago, has been elected to parliament
' from the northwestern district of Norfolk
county. His opponent was Lord Henry
Bentinck. The business of Mr. Arch was
that of setting out and trimming hedges,
but he obtained a national reputation as
founder of the agricultural laborers' union.
Farm laborers in this country are
not elected to Congress, or even to State
A correspondent of the New Orleans
Medical and Surgical Journal tells of a remarkable
result of the use of steam as a
disinfectant of ships. The vessel to be
treated was made tight fore and aft. and
the steam turned on for the requisite
time. The hold was found to be in good
condition after the cleansing, and the
disinfectors entered the cabin. But
they discovered that the fine furniture
and cabin work had fallen apart and lay
in a comprehensive heap on the floor. The
steam had melted the glue.
A St. Louis hairdresser has invented
an apparatus which, if adopted, would
revolutionize railroad travel. His object
is to overcome delay caused by stopping
a train at various stations, and he
J1 _ -11 A- -I f
mienus 10 nave an irains speed on irorn
terminus to terminus. At every intermediate
station automatic machinery
would remove the rear car, containing all
those who wish to get off there, and another
car, containing passengers who
wished to join the train, would be substituted
without decreasing the speed of
A Genoese gentleman has just disclosed
the fact that he is in possession of tlic
chains with which Columbus was bound
after his discovery of America. The
gentleman has owned the chains for j
twenty years without telling. In 18Go, '
becoming aware that the chains were' in
existence somewhere on this continent,
he came hither and secured them. He
was likely to have kept his possession
of them a secret for a still longer time, '
but readinff so frcouentlv newsn.mor
? * i v ? r i? ;
paragraphs regarding the celebration of
the four hundreth anniversav of Colum- j
bus's discovery,hi.s conscience reproached
him, and he permitted the facts concerning
the chains to become known.
At a recent gathering of medical men
in Philadelphia, Dr. W. S. Janney, late
coroner of the city, made the startling
statement that "no healthy man or
woman ever' dies in this climate from
cholera morbus."' He repeated the remark
to the editor of the Medical and
Sur'jieal Reporter, saying that the records
of the coroner's office would substantiate
his words. He explained that by
."healthy" he meant a person without or- j
ganic diseases and of average strength
and vitality. "Such a person," he said, ;
"when dying with symptoms of cholera
morbus, always dies from poisoning (usu- J
ally arsenic), and the case is one of suicide
or homicide." The ex-coroner lirst
examined into these cases when a stout,
healthy man of his acquaintance died
after an illness of thirty-six hours with
.symptoms of cholera morbus, lie had i
been attended by four reputable physi- J
cians, one of whom had signed the death
certificate. Yet he instituted an investigation,
and found enough arsenic in the
deceased to kill a dozen men. He afterward
met with five or six similar cases.
Dr. Bartholow, in a conversation with the ;
editor of the Reporter, said that he had
not the least doubt of the correctness of
'Dr. Janney's assertion. Another promi. J
cent'physician stated'his belief in these
An exchange remarks that there is a '
disposition on the part of some of our con- j
temporaries to get up a scare about
trichina?, and have probably succeeded
in alarming any of their readers foolish
enough to regard this sensationalism as
enterprise. Nevertheless, the people continue
to eat pork, and very few of them
die of trichiniasis. It will be noticed
that in all reports of such cases the names
of the victims show them to have been
The fact seems to be that trichina; cannot
survive great heat. If pork is
thoroughly cooked,as it always should be,
Jt may be eaten without fear of contracting
It will be remembered that a novel feature
of the New Orleans exposition was
the exhibits which the colored people as a
race were invited to offer for the purpose
of showing their progress in industries,
--1 --i- T>1, ?
euucauon, an, uiu. iuu
proved only fairly succcssful in the display
then made, but it has borne valuable
fruit in arousing interest in similar
undertakings. As proof of this the New
Orleans Times-Democrat says: "Excited
by the exposition, Mississippi held a colored
fair a few months ago, which was a
thorough success; Tennessee has jus^
opened another at Nashville; South Carolina
will soon follow suit, and it seems
highly probable that every Southern
State will, sooner or later, have its colored
exposition." "\Vc agree with our
Southern contemporary, says the New
York Ilerald, that these are encouraging
signs which betoken substantial benefits
to the colored people Jand useful results
to the community at large.
It is curious to look over the educational
records as given by the Congressmen,
says the Washington correspondent
of the Cleveland Leader. Bragg says he
ti-oc ft lnwvnr* fimnlls. of South
Carolina, was self-educated, and IIouIt,
of Tennessee, educated himself while
working at the cabinet makers' trade,and
by reading by firelight at night. Judge
Kelley got his education as a printer and
proof-reader, and General Grosvcnor was
trained in a country log school-house.
Pulitzer, the New York editor, had a
private tutor: Hepburn, of Iowa, was
educated in the common schools and the
printing office; Gates was self-educated,
and Taulbee and Boutellc had private
schools. One hundred and sixty
four of the members of the present House
have had collegiate or academic educations,
and eighty put themselves down as
having been trained at the common
schools. The majority of collegiate-bred
men come from small country colleges,
academics and seminaries, and many
of them states that they have grad"
uatcd at some noted law school, such as
Harvard, Ann Arbor or New York. Harvard
has seven college graduates, Princeton,
four; the University of Virginia,
four; Bowdoin, two; Dartmouth, four;
Union, three; Yale, two; Amherst, two;
Brown, two: Ann Arbor, five; Jefferson,
" 1-1-*- i- -~,1
iv.'O; r runKiiu, nvy, unu uumiiuiu umvi
"It is a fact well known to the medical
profession,''said a prominent physician
the other day. "that much less harm
is done in New York by those diseases
most feared by the public and the health
board than by diseases which cause little
alarm in the community. The so-called
plagues are not likely to cause much havocin
this latitude, particularly in a city
where the sanitary regulations arc good.
No scourge is so much feared as Asiatic
cholera, yet the deaths from that disease
in this city during the year of the greatest
epidemic were less in number than the
deaths from consumption last year. Yellow
fever has killed fewer people in New
York in this century than whooping
cough has destroyed in a single year.
Smallpox, which is causing so much J
alarm at present, kills fewer persons here '
than does either measles, croup, or J
whooping cough. The deaths from
typus fever in this town has been for |
Ill till Y Y taiv") 11UUUI UUO VA-IV/OV*
from typhoid fever. These statements
may be surprising to many residents of
the city, but they can be easily substantia- '
ted by an examination of the death
records, which arc about the only reliable ;
records to be found in the health department.
It would be well for the city, in
my estimation, if the sanitary officers
would spend more time in investigating
those diseases which cause the greatest
mortality. It would be well, also, if
some of the newspapers would call
attention to the facts instead of causing
useless excitement in the public mind
about improbable epidemics of cholera,
yellow fever, or smallpox."
' >Vhy People lVere Buried.
When men began to bury their dead
they did so in the firm belief in another
life, which lifc was regarded as the exact
counterpart of this present one. The
unsophisticated savage, holding that in
that equal sky his faithful dog would
bear him company, naturally enough had
the dog in question killed and buried
with him, in order that it mielit follow
him to the happy hunting ground.
Clearly, you can't hunt without your
arrows and your tomahawk; so the flint
weapons and the trusty bow accompanied
their owner in his new resting place. The
wooden haft, the deer sinew bowstring,
the perishable articles of food and drink
1 s\rw i* M/./i rliiO'll'lxl ll'itllin t ll/? (l'ltim
lia?V KMIi, -H.VV. UVV.M.V.
tumulus: but the harder stone and
earl hen ware articles have survived till
now. to tell the story of that crude and
simple early faith. Very crude and illogical.
indeed, it was, however, for it is
quite clear that the actual body of the
dead man was thought of as persisting to
live a sort of underground life within
the barrow. A stone hut was constructed
for its use; real weapons and implements
were left by its side, and slaves and i
wives were ruthlessly massacred, as still
in Ashantee. in order that their bodies
might accompany the corpse of the
buried master in his subterranean dwelling.
In all this we have clear evidence
of a very inconsistent savage, materialistic
belief, not indeed in the immortality
of the soul", but in the continued underground
life of the dead body.? VornhiU.
SNOW AND WIND.
A Blizzard and Cyclone Sweep
Across Land and Water.
Lives Lost, Vessels Wrecked and
The storm ot wind and snow wliich swept
across the country a few days since will long
be memorable in the annals of similar visita.
tions. "While the damage done inland was
heavy in many places, the disasters to shipping
along the Atlantic coast wore particularly
severe. From Maine to Carolina
the coasts are strewn with the debris of
shattered shipping. Lives?no one can tell
how many?have been lost, stanch vessels
have been cast ashore and destroyed in numbers
almost unparalleled. Even the shelter of
land locked havens has not served to avert
disaster. Many craft met mishaps in New
York harbor and the usually peaceful waters
of Staten Island and Long Island sound were
the scenes of serious marine disasters. From
dispatches sent from prominent points of the
country we gather the following details:
"Washington. D. C.: Signal service officials
here say the snow storm reported from various
points during the past few days is the
most extensive and severe that has occurred
for ten years. Very cold weather and
storms have prevailed not only
in the West, North, Northeast
and Northwest, but in the South
the weather is uuprecedentedly severe. At
Montgomery, Ala., it was only 8 degrees
above zero, and all through Tennessee it was
below zero. Freezing weather prevailed all
through the Banana belt, and as far south as
Tampa, Fla. The coldest weather reported is
from Minnedoza, Manitoba, where the thermometer
registered 50 degrees below zero.
Pittsburg, Penn.: Reports from the surrounding
towns are to the effect that the
storm was the most severe in years. There
is two feet of snow at Youngstown, Ohio,
and travel was nearly stopped. All the collieries
in the Mount Carmel region, which
resumed work but recently, were compelled
again to suspend by the heavy snow storm
Iiiftli ctriif.k tlio mininrr Hist.ricts The SHOW
is about two feet deep. The snow at Whitehaven
is fourteen inches deep, and coal trains
on the Lehigh Valley and Lehigh and Susquehanna
roads were abandoned,
Galveston, Texas: This is the coldest
weather experienced in Texas in forty years.
At Palestine the temperature touched zero, at
Austin eight degrees above and at Galveston
eleven degrees above. The oldest inhabitants
say they never experienced such a blizzard.
Thomas Jefferson, an oysterman, was
frozen to death on the deck of his sloop.
Mech damage has been done to cattle in the
New Orleans, La.: The signal service office
reports the mercury nineteen and a half
above zero, being the lowest temperature recorded
since the signal office was established
here in 1872.
Richmond, Va.: A heavy snow storm delayed
trains and partly blockaded the roads.
Fourteen inches fell in North Mountain, and
six inches in Staunton. In Lynchburg the
thermometer was fifteen degrees above and
still falling. There was a snowfall there of
Jacksonville, Fla.: The cold has been intense
throughout Florida, the lowest point
the thermometer reached here being 21 deS:ees
above zero at the signal bureau. At
cala, South Lake, Weir, Waldo and other
places it was 17 degrees above. This is the
nnlrlpsf. weather that has been felt
here since the great freeze of Feb.
I), l&ft, when all the orange trees
throughout the State were killed. The
oranges on the trees are frozen hard. Interviews
with prominent orauge growers in
various sections of the State reveal the fact
that they think the trees are killed. Many
others seem to think differently, but admit
that the crop will be badly set back.
Chicago, 111. The storm thoroughout the
West has been extremely severe, and the
weather the coldest ever experienced in
many localities. In Nebraska no trains have
run i'or threo days, business has been practically
suspended, and at Omaha the mercury
went down to 23 below zero. The snow
is but from three to five inches deep on
the eastern Montana ranges, and live stock
generally is in good condition. At St. Vincent,
Minn., the thermometer was forty-eight
degrees below zero. On the Northern Pacific
road a regular blizzard has been in
progress. On the Omaha road the reports
are that the snow is being blown so violently
on the Nebraska division that orders have
been issued to abandon the running of
all trains until the wind ceases. In
Inwa the blizzard raged all day
and all trains were practically abandoned.
A large number of members of the Legislature
were blockaded and unable to reach Des
St. Louis, Mo.: The thermometer dropped |
to five degrees Deiow zero; wnn wma at
thirty miles an hour; but little snow fell.
Railroad travel has been obstructed in all directions.
In Kansas the storm was the worst
Boston, Mass.: Reports continue to come
in from points alone the coast which show
that the storm worked sad havoc among the
shipping. The sixty-ton schooner Ranset,
anchored off Hull, has disappeared. The
crew went ashore. At Portsmouth, N. H.,
the schooner Josie, of Newburyport, went
ashore in a bad position at Newcastle,
and probably will be a total wreck.
At Portland the three-masted schooner Gypjy
Queen got adrift, and collided with the
schooner Martha Lane, almost completel
wrecking her. A fishing schooner went dow
at the entrance to the harbor, the- crew escaping
in boats. The fishing schooner
Laughing Water drifted into the three- i
masted schooner Emma and filled >
and went down, the crew having been taken 1
off by the Emma. The three-masted schooner i
Allen Greene, of Providence, from Boston to ;
Baltimore, in ballast, was driven ashore in a
thiok snow squall one mile west of the Point j
Judith Life Saving station. The crew, seven |
in all, were saved by the life-saving crew by |
the use of the breeches buoy. Numerous i
Dther wrecks were reported along the New i
England and Long Island coast.
Long Branch, N. J; The schooner Mary G. |
Farr, of Philadelphia, caught fire at sea off |
the New Jersey coast on Friday night, struck !
on a bar ten miles south of Long Branch in
the height of the storm, and every soul on
board was lost. The crew consisted of a
captain, mate, cook and four seamen.
The sloop Hurley, Captain Ansbro, and
the sloop Snow Drift. Captain John
Matthews, parted their cables and were completedly
wrecked off Keyport, N. J. Many
other sloops had ttieir rigging carrica away
and were east ashore.
New York, N. Y.: Dispatches received
hero from the interior of the State and from
Pennsylvania and New Jersey report that the
storm was the fiercest felt in years and greatlv
inlpeded travel and traffic. In this city
the wind raged with unexampled fury, and
snow fell heavily. Many reports of marine
disasters in the surrounding waters were
A. Lake in Regent's Park, Ijondon,
the Seene of an Accident.
What might havo proved to havt* been a
most serious accident,rivaling the disaster of
18ii7, occurred a few days ago in Regent's
Park, London. The weather was delightful,
though a thaw had set in, and the lakes
in the parks were crowded with skaters
who have had a "royal time" of it during the
recent severe weather throughout Great
Britain. As there was a prospect that the
thaw would soon put an end to the sport, an
unusual number of persons were enjoying !
t lionise! ws on the ice. Suddenly there was a
series 01 louu. cracKing rej>ons, una uie |
ire on one of the ponds gave way and !
at least 0110 hundred men, women and
children wore submerged in the chilling
water beneath. A cry of horror arose from
the vast throng of people on the ice and in
the neighborhood of the lakes, while those who
were lucky enough to escape made a hasty
scramblo i'or the shore. Tlie "life-savers"
ami police, assisted by hundreds of volunteers,
soon pulled the drenched pleasureseekers
from amid the slabs of floating
ice. Women and childreu naturally suf- ;
feral the most from their involuntary j
cold bath, but up to the present, thanks to tlie
fact that tho water was not very deep, no '
serious results have been reported. Intonse j
excitement provailed throughout London
when the news of the accident was spread !
throughout the city, many recalling the fatal
15th of January, 18(57, when, in the same
park, at least 200 people were suddenly submerged
through the breaking of the ice,
forty-one of whom were dro^nod.
Eastern and Middle States.
Heavy freshete have done much damage
in Maine and Northern Vermont.
Total receipts to the Grant monument
fund up to recent date were ?113,933.98.
Governor Hill made an address at a
banquet given in his honor at New York I
by the Business Men's Democratic association
of the metropolis.
A great jam of ice and snow caused the
Oswego river to overflow at Fulton, N. Y.,
and the rising waters flooded numerous manufactories
and workingmen's homes. Some
buildings were wrecked and many people
thrown out of employment.
The extensive mill buildings in Philadel
phia, known as Arrott's mills anrl Heatty
mills, occupied by a dozen firms engaged in
the manufacture of hosiery, cotton and
woolen yarns, have been destroyed by fire,
entailing an estimated loss of $1,000,000.
A railroad collision at Wilmington,
DM., during the recent heavy snow storm,
resulted in the instantaneous death of conductor
Albert Jones, Brakeman Harry Ahrensand
George W. Brinton, a telegraph operator,
while three other train hands were fatally
and four more seriously injured.
Pittsburg has a new crematory in which
natural gas is used for fuel. It is believed a
corpse weighing 150 pounds will be wholly
reduced to ashes in two hours.
A great chess match for the world's championship
and a purse of $4,000 is in progress
at New York between W. H. Zuketort, of
Europe, and W. Steinitz, of America, the
best two players living.
The steamship Hylton Castle, bound from
New York for Rouen, France, with a cargo '
of grain, foundered off the Long Island coast j
during the recent heavy storm.
Mrs. Elizabeth Dubois (colored) died a
few days since in Newburg, N. Y., at the advanced
age of 110 years. She was once a
slave in Ulster county, N. Y., and was emancipated
Fire totally destroyed a five-storv granite
block in Boston, causing a loss of $100,000 in
flour and canned goods.
The New Jersey legislature is in session,
both houses having a Republican majority.
South and West.
A big ice-palace is in course of erection at j
St. Paul, Minn. A force of several hundred j
men is at work. The foundation walls for I
the central tower are to be five feet thick,
j. - r 4... :maUaa.
uiperixig iu iui i) luunca au wic iajja
Fire has destroyed nearly all the business
part of Cuba. Mo., burning down two blocks
and causing aggregate losses of $50,(XX).
Fifteen anti-Chinese agitators have been
arraigned for trial at Seattle, "Washington
Dispatches from many Western points report
the thermometer as ranging from four to
thirty degrees below to.
Dr. Martin* White, of Battle Creek,
Mich., during a fit of temporary insanity |
killed his w4t'e and two children?girls 4 and ;
12 years old respectively?and then put an j
end to his own existence.
Hon. Benjamin Scott, mayor of Zanesville,
Ohio, while attemntiug to save property
from a burning building was struck by a !
heavy timber and killed.
Five railroad lal>orers were drowned by '
the upsett ing of a small boat at Memphis j
Rev. Mr. Jaudine. of Kansas City. Mo., j
who had been laboring under grave accusa- ;
tions, committed suicide in St. Louis.
A collision' beween two sections of a j
railroad train near Wilhite's Station, Ala., i
caused a bridge on which tho accident oc- j
cnrred to collapse, and twenty-two cars were !
thrown into Flint river. The engineer ajid
fireman (brothers) and a brakeniau were
killed and two other railroad employes seriously
injured. Conductor L. O. Harris swam
across the freezing river to fiag a coming passenger
The schooner Crissie "Wright, from Philadelphia
bound for Savannah, was wrecked off |
the North Carolina coast, and only one man i
out of the crew of seven was saved, the rest
being drowned or frozen to death.
The steamer Alicia A. Wishburn. from
Mobile for New York with cotton, has been
burned at sea, the captain and crew escaping j
Governor Foraker's inauguration as gov- j
ernor of Ohio, at Columbus, comprised a
civic procession to the State house and the
deliverance of the inaugural in the rotunda of
Skati.vu has been indulged in upon the
ponds of Florida, a scene never before witnessed.
The loss to the State's orange crop
during the recent freezing weather is estimated
at $1,000,000. The loss to the vegetable
crop is immense, some men having sixty
and a hundred acres killed.
The Republican majority in the Ohio lower
legislature unseated nine Democrats from
Cincinnati on the charge of fraud in their
election, and substituted nine Republicans.
The house was iu a continual uproar during
A loss of $i)0,000 was incurred by th? i
burning down of Frederick C. Vehmeyer's |
flour warehouse, Chicago. Foiir firemen |
A fire at Burlington, Iowa, destroyed tlie ;
residence of Charles Buettner, a German nat- :
uralist,who had the finest collection of birds,
insects and animals west of New York anil
the Smithsonian Institute. The collection
burned included 00,(XX) insects.
Mr. Fairchild, as acting secretary of the .
treasury, has appointed Special Agents Mont-,
gomery and Tingle a committee to act in conjunction
with Deputy Collector Berry in i
making a thorough examination of the cus;
toms service at New York city. They are instructed
to ascertain and report the number
and connx*nsation of employes and the methods
of doing business, and to suggest such |
changes as will result in a reduction of ex- |
I>enses and in a simplification of the business i
About 4,000 bills have already been intro- I
duced in the House.
I.v executive session of the Senate, Messrs.
Eaton, Edgerton and Trenholm were confirmed
as civil service commissioners, the
latter two without opnosition, twelve Senators
voting against Mr. Eaton. The Senate also j
confirmed the nomination ot Benj. P. Jonas .
l./t V/iTi- f'h'lnnnc
(aj vvutxivi iJL LUowim av .lm
The Senate on the 12th confirmed a large
number of presidential postmasters and tie
following: George A. J rules, assistant secretary
of interior; llenry L. Muldrow, first assistant
secretary of interior; Win. E. McLean,
first deputy commissioner of pensions;
Jos. Bartlett, second deputy commissioner
of pensions; Robert B. Vance, assistant commissioner
of patents; James W. Wlielpley, of
New York, assistant treasurer of the United
States; Win. E. Smith, of New York, assistant
secretary of treasury; Conrad N. Jordan,
of New Jersey, treasurer of the United
States, and others.
The ex]>enses of the funeral of General
Grant, which were assumed by the govern- j
merit, have not yet been paid. They amount
only to $14, l"?s.7r?, although newspaper re- !
ports have fremiently estimated them as high
as $f>0,U00. Tuo money was advanced by
Stephen Merritt, a New York undertaker
who had charge of the obsequies.
Land. Commissioner Sparks refuses to
recognize the claim of the Northern Pacific
railroad to a $'io,000,(KX) land grant between
Portland, Ore., and Puget sound.
Nihilists broke into the postofflce at Rostoff,
Russia, and carried off 18,000 roubles.
Owing to cold weather and a long-continued
trade depression intense suffering prevh
ils among the poorer classes in Glasgow and
other Scottish towns.
The situation in Burmah is said to be
critical for the English. Two pretender to
the deposed King Theebaw's throne are collecting
The American exhibition, which was to
have been oj?ened in London next May, has
been postponed until 1S87.
Advices from Aspinwall say that twentyone
vessels were wrecked and sixty-live lives
lust during the recent storm there.
The he is an outcry against cats in Loudon,
a boy having died from rabies caused
by a tabby's bite.
Germnuv has seized the Samoau islands iu
- - * i : A :
the Pacific ocean. The American ;ui". nruiMi
consuls prole.,ted against the seizure.
A nOA!:nf\o-ir<?i:sE at Grnvenlmrst, Canada,
caught tiro < In ring the night, anil seventeen
men lr d a narrow escape from death, all
l?eing moi <>r ins* burned*and emnpelled "to
flee iu a.v.:ii-nu<lf state, with the thermometer
twenty degree-; below zero.
i cm i rams.
Amatitlan, in Central America,
Visited by an Earthquake.
More than One Hundred Successive
Shocks During the Day,
A Panama dispatch says that at 2 o'clock
on the moraine of the 18th ult.. the inhabi"
tants of the quiet little Spanish city of Amatitlan,
twenty-four miles south by rail from
Guatemala City, about five thousand souls
iu all, were awakened by slight but
frequent shocks of earthquake which
continued all day until 5:22 p. sr..
when a very heavy shock was felt which
so alarmed the people that they began to
think of leaving their houses. At 5::jf> p. m.
the heaviest shock came, throwing down
many walls and houses already fissured by
the earlier shocks.
People were thrown down. The air was
filled with dust from the fallen adobe houses.
Shock followed upon shock. The frightened
people rushed to the large plaza or square
m front of the church of San Juan,
and dragged the image of their guardian
saint, "La Virgen del Rosario,'' outside
the trembling walls of the church and erected
a temporary shrine in the middle of the
square, before which all prostrated themselves.
No one thought of sleeping iu what
remained of the houses that night, but resort
was had to the square or open places
where houses had been thrown down.
One hundred and thirty-one shocks were felt
the first day. principally from east to west,
eighty-one of which occurred between 4 and
") ::;ii p. m. Had the severe shock occurred at
ni^ht many persons would have been killed.
v-Pj. - ..... . ?ll 4.1._ _1_..4. J 4.U..
mil/ as lb was, uu vi ci c un t,utj uien. ami me
only casualty was a broken leg. The second
day was nearly as bad as the first, and the
shocks continued for some days sul>sequently.
Amatitlan has been the scene of many disasters.
It was destroyed by earthquakes iu
1830, which lasted from April 21 to Alay.'j.
In 184(1 it was overflowed by the rising of the
waters of the lake, and again in October.
1852, when the water gushed up iu the middle
of the streets, and on the 24th of the month
when, after eight days' duration,
the waters subsided, " dead lish
were found everywhere. the
wat^r became unfit to drink and mail}* persons
died of fevers. Then again it was destroyed
by earthquakes in 18<?2. Lake Amatitlan
is supposed by many to be the crater
of an extinct volcano. An adjacent volcano,
until recently quiet, seems to be seeking a
new outlet through a hill called the Durazno, |
lying back of the inactive volcano of Pecayo. j
The volcanoes of Fuego. in Guatemala,
and (xzalca. in Salvador, not faraway, which
have long served as the safety valves of these
restless regions, seem to have become stopped !
up lately, thereby causing much alarm to the
people of Salvador, who say that there
was a precisely similar occurrence
before their last great earthquake, in 187:1.
A Guayaquil dispatch says that volcanic
disturbances have occurred in the last few
days. There have l>een at different places
showers of earth and ashes, accompanied by
vnuiUHiKPc Tli/i I v i v/ilcjiim
supposed to be in eruption. The real state j
of tue innunl a in is unknown, owing to the \
interruption of the government telegraphs, j
Slight shocks of earthquake have also been |
A cave-in" which occurred a few days ago
at a mine near Red Lyon, Penn., buried a
number of miners. Three dead bodies were
recovered soon after the accident.
The four Newark (N. J.) dog-bitten children
who were sent to Paris at public expense
for treatment by M. Pasteur, the hydrophobia
expert, have returned home in apparent
Colonel Edmu.vd Richardson*, the most
extensive cotton planter in the world, died
suddenly a few days since in Jackson. Miss.,
aged sixty-eight years. The fortune left by
him is estimated at between $5,000,000 and
$0,000,000. C'olouel Richardson had 17,000 j
acres of cotton under cultivation, and his
flwrAw hnrvpst. wns 12.000 or 13.000 bales.
Cattle perished by the thousand during
the severe weather iu the Southwest and far
Wen*zel Lapour. a-prisoner in the coun^
ty jail at Colfax, Neb., killed hLs jailer,
sheriff Degman, who had held office only five i
days. Lapour was takeu from jail by
masked men and hanged.
A boiler in the basement of a Catholic
church at Indianajiolis exploded, destroying
the edifice, one of the largest and finest iu the
city, killing the engiueer and a little girl, and
causing a pecuniary loss of $115,000.
John* Sherman* has been re-elected to tLe
United States Senate in joint session of the
Ohio legislature, receiving eighty-four votes j
to sixty-two for Allen G. Thurman.
Fifteen* vessels were wrecked within the I
scope of the operations of the Life-Saving
service during the recent heavy storms. The
crews of fourteen of them were rescued,while
that of only one was lost.
Farmers in "Wales are demanding a permanent
reduction of twenty-five per cent, in
rents, fixity or tenure and compensation for
making improvements on their holdings.
Severe snow-storuis have prevailed
throughout Austria and Hungary, causing a
suspension of railway travel and telegraphic
Much damage to projjerty has been done !
in England by a cyclone. Two persons were
killed -at Weduesbury.
Montreal has just had a half-million dollar
fire, the property destroyed comprising
sevoral houses occupied by numerous business
The Gloucester (Mass.) fishing schooner
Mabel Dillaway has been given up for lost.
There were fifteen souls on board.
A letter has been published charging
members of the last Ohio legislature with
taking bribes to vote for the election of
Henry B. Payne to the United States Senate,
and a joiut committee of investigation has
been appointed by the present legislature.
Several members so charged have brought
suit for libel against a prominent Cincinnati
An* old farmer in Arkansas captured six
convicts who had broken jail, and siuglei
-i~.i *| fil? u.;H,
IltlUUl'll lilttl I'IR'U lunil 111 luumu >11-., ......
himself and gnu bringing up the rear, to prison.
Investigations made by the Chicago
police are said to show a plot of Socialists to
blow up public buildings with dynamite when
"the great revolution" begins.
A reception |\vas given to Senator-elect
Sherman by the Ohio legislature at Columbus
and he made an address from the Speaker's
chair in theHou.se, after which lie was tendered
a public reception, presided over by
I Governor Fornker. in the Senate chamber.
President Cleveland, on the 14th, gave
| his first State dinner in honor of the cabinet.
| Secretary Lamar lias decided agaiu>fc
j the validity of the Bell telephone patent; of
i March 7, lSTti. The case has excited great
attention among telephoue companies.
President Grevy has signed a decree
granting amnesty to persons convicted of political
offences since 1*70 and reducing tho
Senteuces of many offenders against the common
The German government states officially :
that it has no intention of annexing tho Sa- |
moan islands or of interfering with existing ;
; treaties between Samoa and America and j
j The Emperor William has formally opened
the Prussian diet.
Many Irish laborers have been thrown into
a state of desperation by distress resulting
"from long-continued privation, and threaten
to help t hem-elves to food if they do not soon
SUMMARY _0F_ CONGRESS.
Fourteenth Day.?Senator Wilson, of
Iowa, reported favorably from the committee
on postoffice and post roads, the
bill introduced by him to prohibit the mailing
of newspapers and other publications containing
lottery advertisements Mr Eustis
offered a resolution that the $U),000,()00 of
bonds called in by the secretary of the treasury
? and payable on February 1, shall be paid
in sdver dollars instead of gold coin, "such
payment being in strict compliance with existing
law and in aid of the financial policy established
by legislation of Congress.'' Referred
to the committee on finance... .The Edmunds
bill for the suppression of polygamy
was passed by thirty-eight yeas to seven nays.
Fiftf.tcvth T)av?4 nunilipr nf rw?f,it:ir>n<i
were presented, praying for the suspension of
silver coinage....Mr. Harrison reported favorably
an original bill to admit Dakota, and
for the organization of the Territory of Lincoln.
Mr. Butler reserved his right to submit
a minority report, if. after perusal and consideration
of the majority report, he should
conclude to do so Mr. Morgan offered a
resolution relating to the trustees provided
for by the Utah bill to manage the
property and affairs of the Mormon Church
organization. The resolution sets
forth that in the opinion of the
Senate, it is not within the power of Congress
to appoint officers of the United States to participate
with the officers of any church or religious
sect in the management of the affairs
of such church or sect; and that it is a violation
of the Constitution for the President to
appoint any such officer under any law ?
Mr. Manderson spoke on his bill to increase
the efficiency of the infantry branch of the
army Mr. Pugh spoke in favor of Mr.
Beck's resolution 011 the silver question, after
which the Senate went into executive session.
Sixteenth Day.?Mr. Beck submitted for
reference to the committee 011 linauce a substitute
for Mr. Eustis' recent resolution, which,
after a preamble similar to the preamble of
Mr. Beck's former silver resolution, provides
that the secretary of the treasury be directed,
in all payments hereafter made of interest
on the bonds and notes of the United
States and in the purchase or payment
of one per cent, of the entire debt of
the United States for the sinking fund as
now required by law, to pay out gold and
silver coiu as nearly as possible in the same
proportion in which gold coin anil certificates
and silver coin anrl certificates were received
during the preceding fiscal year for duties on
imported goods....Mr. Pugli continued his
remarks iu l'avor of Mr. Beck's silver resolution.
and was followed in a similar strain by
Mr. Vance Iu executive session about 100
nominations were confirmed.
Seventeenth Day.?Senator Hawley presided
over the Senate to-day iu the abseuce of
Senator Sherman. He laid before the Senate
a memorial of the "Colored North Americans,"
asking the establishment of national industrial
schools in the States and Territories, "so as to
give the colored youth a common-school education
and a trade.'' It also asks for an
appropriation for the establishment of the Garfield
colony in Lower California Mr. Ingalls
offered a resolution, which was laid over,
that "the compulsory coinage of silver dollars
directed by the law of February 28,
1878, should not be suspended till the aggregate
reaches the sum of $500,000,000" Mr.
Bowen offered a resolution which, at his request,
was laid over for the present, directing
tne committee on Indian affairs to inquire
into the expediency of removing all the Indians
in the United States to the Indian Territory
west of tHe'State of Arkansas.... Mr.
Coke called up Mr. Beck's silver resolution,
and made an address against the suspension 1
of silver coinage A resolution offered by
Mr. Edmunds was agreed to, authorizing the
secretary of the Senate to pay the bilLs incurred
iii the attendance of Senators at the
funeral of the late Vice-President Hendricks
....In executive session a large number of
nominations were confirmed.
Eighteenth Day.?Mr. Sewell, from the
committee on military affairs, reported favorably
the bill introduced bv him earlv in the
present session relating to the annual appropriation
to provide arms and equipments for
the militia. The bill provides that the $600,00<)
annually appropriated shall be expended
for ordnance anil ordnance stores, quartermaster's
stores and camp eauipage,
that no State shall be entitled to tne oeueflts
of the appropriation unless the number
of regularly enlisted men shall be at least
one hundred men for each Senator and Representative
to which such date is entitled in
Congress... .Mr. Piatt presented a petition in
the Senate from commercial travelers praying
for legislation to relieve them of burdensome
taxation....Messrs. Brown and Maxey
made speeches in favor of the continuation
of silver coiuago.
Fifteenth Day.?A large number of additional
bills (*?50 in all) were introduced,
among them being the following: By Mr.
Oatcs, of Alabama?To prohibit aliens from
acquiring title to or owning lands within the
United States. By Mr. Townshend, of Illinois?Providing
for the issue by the treasury
of silver certificates iu denominations of one,
two and five dollars each. This is an amendment
of the silver act of 1H78, under which
the ten-dollar certificates are now issued. Its
object is to supply the need for additional
small bills as a part of the circulating
ni.\sliutn llv- \fv Pnvain Tllinnis?Tr> rp
strict the ownership of real estate ill the Territories
to American citizens. By Mr. "Weaver,
of Iowa?To retire national bank notes
and to prevent the fluctuation of the
currency by the substitution therefor
of treasury notes. Also. to provide
for the issue of fractional paper currency.
By Mr. Warner, of Ohio?For the
issue of treasury certificates on deposited silver
bullion. Also, directing the payment of
tho surplus in the treasury in excess of $50,000,000
on the public debt.
Sixteenth Day.?Mr. Reagan took the
floor with a long sj>eech upon the financial
question, advocating the double standard of
value, condemning the national banking system,
and arguing in favor of applyinga portion
of the surplus in the treasury to gradual payment
of the public debt. He combated the
proposition to suspend the coinage of the
silver dollar, maintaining that such a
course would have the effect of
making a few more millionaires
and of adding largely to the army
of tramps and paupers. Mr. Bland said that
he had no doubt that the committee on coinage,
weights and measures would report
some measure on the silver question at an early
day, and, if necessary, give weeks for discussion.
He therefore "moved that the committee
rise in order that the debate might be
postponed until it came up in regular order.
The motion was carried by a party vote of 7'J
to Ti. The presidential succession bill was reDortpd
seventeenth Day.?Mr. Curtin declined
the chairmanship of the committee on banking
and currency, saying that he had intended
stating his reasons to the House fot declining
the honor, but that'upon the advice
of friends and of the sentiment of the public
journals of the country he concluded to olfer
no reasons of his own. He was excused from
acting, and the chairmanship then devolved
upon Mr. Miller, of Texas....Mr. Hill, on
behalf of the committees on Territories,called
up and the House passed the Senate bill to
legalize the election of a territorial legislative
assembly of Wyoming. ,
Eighteenth Day.?Mr. Caldwell called up
the Hoar Presidential Succession bill, saying
that this measure was a temporary bridge
thrown across a chasm to meet a public demand,
and would !>e followed in due time
by an enduring structure over which a
long lino of Republican-Democratic Presidents
might march in unbroken succession.
Mr. McKinlev, of Ohio, gave notice of a substitute
which he would offer for the bill.
This sutatitute preserves the law of 1702,
with the addition of a provision that
for the purpose of having a speaker
of the House of Representatives continually
in office. Congress shall convene
on the 4th of March next succeeding the
election of Representatives to Congress, and
whenever a vacancy exist*, either in the office
of president pro temj?ore of the Senate or
Speakerof the House, the President shall convene
the House in which the vacancy exists,
for the purpose of electing a presiding officer.
Mr. C'oates, of North Carolina, favored the
bill, while Mr. Adaim, of Illinois, regarded
i t as dangerous.
i-mrr,-(T7 r<T n i
Sixty vessels, worth $1,016,200, wore lost
on tho lakes last year.
There arc more colleges in Ohio than in
France and Germany combined.
Holland sent to this country during the
past year $250,000 worth of flowering bulbs.
Twenty-six Senators keep house in Washington;
the others live in hotels and boarding
The agent of the Passamaquoddy Indian9 of
Maine reports their number at 581, all
FROM TO MM."
Schooners Wrecked at Nantucket
and Near Beaufort, N. C.
Fifteen Persons on Board the Vessels
Lose Their Lives.
The three-masted schooner J. B. Witherspoon,
of Rockland, Me., Captain Anderson,
from Surinam for Boston, with molasses and
sugar, struck Miacomet Rip, on the south side
of Nantucket island at 5 o'clock the other
morning. It was blowing a fearful gale and
the tremendous sea made a complete breach
over the vessel. The life-saving crew
on the south side of the island started
for the scene with boats and
apparatus. The sea was too high to launch the
life-boat and the howitzer was loaded. When
a ball and line was shot successfully over the
vessel, the line was grasped by two of the
crew, who tried to pull it aboard, a hawser
with a running block and breeches-seat being
attached. Before it reached the vessel the
line parted and the hawser was hauled ashore.
When the hawser parted it broke on board
the vessel and one of the crew was drawn overboard
by the weight of the hawser. The poor
follow made vigorous attempts to save his
life by swimming, but perished in a very few
minutes, in sight of the large crowd on the
shore... A second line was shot over the vessel
but it parted as before. Aliforaft manned by
five of the life-saving crew was then launched,
but the raging sea flung it back like a feather,
wittx a arencnea crew, une 01 tne merer was
swept from the raft by one sea, and swept
back by another, his comrades clutching
him and saving him from death. A third
ball was now .shot over the vessel, the line
breaking as before. The day was fast drawing
to a close. While this was going
on two of the men in the rigging were seen to
fall overboard, one of thew proving to be the
captain, his body coming ashore later. In
the evening another attempt was made with
the howitzer, this time it being a success, for
tho hawser was pulled aboard and secured.
Soon afterward the mate, B. Berry, and
Charles Wulff were landed. The mate's wife
and live-year-old sou were drowned in the
cabin. T'he second mate, Maurice Ryder,
John Phillips, the cook, James Nichols and
John MattLs were also drowned. Their bodies
were picked up along the shore. The vessel
and cargo will be a total loss.
A few nights ago the schooner Crissie
Wright, Thomas P. Clark, master, of Philadelphia,
Penn., stranded near Shacklef<?d'?
Point, N. G. The cargo and vessel are a total '
loss. Six men perished, only one sailor being
saved. Tho bodies of the captain, mate ana
one sailor were recovered frozen. The rescued
sailor said: "Tho vessel experienced
heavy weather in tho Gulf and sprung ?
leak. We manned the pumps for thirty
six hours, but it was impossible to free her.
We steered uorth ami tho vessel sank immediately
upon touching t lie beach, Friday night
alxjut 12 o'clock. The men stayed in the rigging
until Saturday, the wind blowing
at the rate of sixty miles an hour.
The thermometer registered from fifteen
to twenty degrees below zero. Ice
formed three inches thick on the salt water.
Two men fell overlxjard when the vessel
I struck. On Sunday the mixzenmast fell, carI
??? wifk I b TVia AfUftfO fAAV f/>
rymg UUU uiau ?IUI I v. x uu uuucid uwn. w
the jibs. Saturday night the mate died.
Sunday morning the captain succumbed.
Sunday night, al>out 8 o'clock, a sailor died.
Sunday morning, about 9 o'clock, I was rescued.
I had tasted neither food nor water,
aud had endured intense cold, tied up in the
flying-jib from Saturday morniug until rescued.
I was only one hundred yards from
the beach, and could see spectators upon the
shore powerless to aid, not haviug boats nor
any appliances to breast the high waves."
The United States Senate Passes the
Edmunds Utah Bill.
In the United States Senate on the 8th the
Edmunds bill for the suppression of Mormonism,
having been brought to a vote, was
passed by thirty-eight yeas to seven nayB,as follows:
Yeas,Messrs. Allison, Beck, Berry, Chace
Cockrell, Coke, Colquitt, Conger, Cullom
Dawes, Dolph,Edmunds,Eustis, Evarts,Frye,
George, Harris, Harrison, Hawlev,' Ingalls,
Jackson, Logan, McMillan, Manderson,
Maxey, Mitchell, of Pennsylvania; Morrill,
Palmer, Payne, Piatt, Pueh, Sawyer, Sherman,
Spooner, Van Wyck, Walthall, Wilson,
of Iowa; and Wilson, of Maryland?38. Nays
?Blair, Call, Gibson, Hampton, Hoar, Morgan
1 D0 Dill IS SUUSUllllltlliy LLLt- wiutl ao nuou
reported from committee. The only change
of consequence is the addition of a section
declaring marriages incestuous that are contracted
between persons within, and not including,
the fourth degree of consanguinity.
The main features are as follows:
It makes the lawful husband or wife of the
person accused of bigamy, a competent witness,
who may be compelled to testify without
the consent of the wife or husband,
as the case may be. An attachment may
be issued for a -witness without previous subpoena
when there is reasonable ground to believe
that a subpoena would not be effective.
Every marriage shall be certified to in
writing by the persons concerned, including
the priest. Women are prohibited from
voting in the Territory. All laws recog
nizing illegitimate children are annulled
The Territorial laws providing that prosecutions
for adultery can be begun only on
the complaint of the husband or wife,
are annulled. The Territorial laws
creating and continuing the Mormon church
corporation are annulled j and the President
is to appoint?by and with the advice of the
Senate?fourteen trustees to manage the prop- <
erty and business of the corporation; ana the
attorney-general is ordered to institute proceedings
to forfeit and escheat all property
acquired by the corporation in
contravention of the United States
laws, the escheated property to be
then sold and the process devoted to common
school purposes in the Territory; but no
building is to be forfeited that is used exclusivelv
for worship. * . .
All emigration companies or. organizations
created by the Territorial government
are abolished, and the attorney-general is to
take steps to have the Emigrating Fund company
wound up. The existing election districts
of Utah are abolished and new
ones that will give the people equal
representation are to be marked out.
Marriages between persons within, and not
including, the fourth degree of consanguinity *
are declared incestuous. Adultery is pturiahable
by imprisonment in the penetentiary,not
exceeding three years. The office of district
school superintendent is declared vacant and
the court is directed to fill the vacancy.
CALLED BACK TO LIFE
A Wife, Pronounced Dead by Doctors,
Revived by Her Husband.
A Chicago dispatch tells this astonishing
I story: Five weeks ago the wife of Charles P.
Pruin, a dentist of this city, gave birth to a J
child. This was followed by an attack of
puerperal mania. They were living at
Oak Park. As his wife rapidly
grew worse Mr. Pruin consulted
a city physician, who, after seeing
the patient, recommended the U3e of
anesthetics. The city doctor did not continue
to handle the case, but an Oak Park
i physician was called in. He also adopted the
| same treatment, administering strong doses
j of morphine. The lady was found to be rapidly
sinking till on Sundav night she fell back
on the pillow lifeless, Her breathing had
ceased and the pulse was gone. The attending
physician distinctly pronounced her dead.
The husband was frantic, and rushing to
the bedside of his wife put his ear to her
heart. He thought he could detect, a faint
throb. The physician again assured him that
life was extinct, but in order to satisfy Mr.
Pruin he called in another doctor of the
village. He. too, made an examination,
ami confirmed the report of his
brother physician that his patient was
dead. Still the husband would not be con
vinccd. He placed Ins liana upon nis wue s
chest an<l tried to produce nil artificial respiration.
having long made a special study of
the use ot' anesthetics in connection with his
profession. He proceeded to work the aim
back and forth, pressing his haud on tbe
chest, thus producing an artificial movement.
The two doctors remoastrated with him for
committing what they deemed a profanation
of the dead. He continued his efforts, and
after a few minutes the patient began slowly
to revive. She is now able to move around.
The doctors confess that she wouid have died
but for these extraordinary efforts at restoration.