Newspaper Page Text
^ Twenty year3 ago liardly any butter
^'as imported into England; now ninety
per cent, of all that is used is imported,
and a great deal of it is manufactured in
Mexico must be the elysium of car
drivers. In that happy country these estimable
persons smoke cigarcttes and ,
read novels while driving, and passen- !
gers get on the cars without pretending i
to catch the driver's eye.
The largo check for $250,000, lately
Pent to Mrs. Grant by the publisher of the
general's memoirs, is the largest sum of
money ever paid to an author or his rep- '
rescntatives. Macaulay received $100,- '
000 for his "History of England," and
?^ u,- c;_
tne largest sum e>?:r r-icuim uj uu.
"Walter Scott from his publisher was
A remarkable, but by no means unprecedented,
explosion occurred in Germany
a short time ago. A sack of flour falling
down stairs opeued and scattered the
contents in' a cloud through the lower ,
room, where a burning gas flame set fire
to the dust, causing an explosion which
lifted a part of the roof of the mill and
broke almost all the windows.
A touching incident is related of a recent
shipwreck on the New England
coast. The captain's wife aud children
were lost. They had on board a few
tame doves. "When the body of the wife
was found on the shore a dove was on
the body and flew to the house to wnicn
the remains of the drowned woman were ,
conveyed, and pecking at the window
t A young business man of Detroit became
interested in a young girl and educated
her with the intention of marrying
her. Before the time for the wedding ar- l
rived the young man fell in love with an- 1
other girl and refused to carry out his .
<5ontract with the first. A suit for $50, O00
damages followed. The jury awarded
$4,500 and the supreme court affirmed
the decision. The young man will take :
no more young ladies to bring up. He j
finds $4,500 and the costs of an educa- i
tion too much for the amusement.
The Philadelphia Rccord insists that its !
city is ahead of all others in the way of ,
new buildings erectcd in 1885, and gives ,
this comparative statement: j,
Philadelphia 5,937 1
St Pnnl 3,451
Minneapolis : 3,370
New York 3,368
j % i
But Philadelphia, it must be remem- I
bcred, is justly famous for the number of
small dwellings, which make that city ;
an ideal home for mon of moderate
means, but do not "count" like the large
structures that are so plenty here.
The United States government is the
greatest publishing house in the world, j
By the side of its resources such an estab- j
lishment as the Harpers becomes' quite
fmall. In the book of estimates for the ;
next fiscal year, just sent to Congress, j
$1,380,231.68 is asked for wages alone. |
There are on the pay-roll four hundred
compositors, beside a large force of su- j
perintendents, foremen, etc. Fifty proof- ,
readers are steadily employed, and forty- j
five pressmen, 115 press-feeders and thir- '
ty-four ruling-machine feeders. The cs- ;
timate call for 100,000 reams of printing
rtr 48 Hon OOO *lwr>fcs. each sheet ,
making eight or sixteen pages.
The table of bankrupts for Great
Britain and Ireland for the year shows
great commercial depression. In 1884
the failures of retail dealers were 3,788, 1
in 1883 4,503. They were as follows:
Failures. ? ;
Retail Trades. In 1884. In 1885. i
Bakers 83 102
Bricklayers a ad slaters... 48 73
Carpenters 87 98
Confectioners 23 30
Curiosity dealers 40 76
Drapers 139 178
Fishmongers 20 41
Grocers 369 438
Hatters 11 17
Jewelers 51 85
Milliners 17 31 '
Music dealers 12 27 '
Plumbers and painters... 83 99 ,
Printei-s and stationers... 55 76 '
Publicans 272 314 .
Shoemakers 123 141
Tailors 92 166
Tobacconists 29 4S
Toy dealers 12 24
Isaac "Walker, a New York tailor, has !
issued a little book of two hundred and i
ten pages, handsomely bound, largely il- j
lustrated, and entitled, "Dress: As it I
Has Been, Is, and Will Be." In this j
work Mr. Walker combines much that i8 1
amusing with many sound reflections and
practical suggestions. Under the amus- '
ing falls the vindication of 4'hisart." To
quote his own eloquent words: "There '
is a satisfaction greater than the compen- j
eating dollars to the cutter and fitter who !
can point out a well-dressed man on the :
avenue, and say, 'That is my work.''* |
He makes a little calculation that may
cause some surprise. "Itis a fact," ho !
says. "that a $100 suit of clothes sold at ;
retail in New York actually costs the
tailor $75 outlay. The three garments ,
cost for the stitches alone $21; for the j
cloth, $28; for cutting and trimming,
upward of $25. Often the alterations
Trill cost from $:j to $5." According to j
the author, cutters in a first class house !
often get salaries as high as $5,000 a
year, "considerably in excess of the salary j
of the president of Yale college and the
highest professors in other celebrated institutions
of learning here and abroad."
The author does not admit the possibility
of gentlemanly existence without the posecGsion
of five overcoats for the various
treasons. And woe to the unlucky man
-whose costume does not correspond with
Iris momentary occupation. There must \
"be morning suits and evening suits,after* I
-noon suits, mid-day suits, riding suits j
and shooting suits, tennis suits and
jachting suits. To prove that his theories
have already made progress in the i
Tefined circles of society, the author cites
the case of a young man, with a limited 1
"bank account, who boasts of possessing j
&>0 suits of clothes. j
According to a review of the industry
try of canned tomatoes by the American
Grocer, there were packed in 1886 only
1,434,006 cases of two dozen tins each, as '
against 2,021,177 cases in 1884. In 1883
the amount packed was 2,944,579 cases.
In two years, therefore, the product has
fallen off one-half. There has been a decrease
in the cost of canning, and th:quality
of the goods, according to the
Grocer, has deteriorated very much.
Scientists profess to be perplexed by
the phenomeuon of a well begun nearly
sixty years ago at Yakutsh, Siberia. It
was dug down thirty feet through solidly
frozen ground and abandoned. Then the
Russian academy of sciences took up the ;
work and dug to a bottom of 382 feet, to
find the ground still frozen as hard as j
rock. It was too much of a bore to b M
continued, but the academy decided from j
the temperature taken at different depths
of the excavation that the freezing ex- j
tends to a depth of 612 feet. This war- I
rants the official report that "the pole of ;
the greatest cold in Siberia is in the
province of Yakutsh," though probably
the North Pole is a little bit more frigid.
In the little village of Mount Pleasant,
in the potteries in Staffordshire, England.
is to be found a child whose extraordinary
growth excites great wonder. .
Little Alice, as she is humorously called,
is but four years of age, yet turns the
scale at 150 pounds, the circumference
of her waist being no less than five feet,
while her height is four feet, so that
literally she is broader than she is long, i
She is bright, intelligent and remarkably
pretty, her head being crowned with a
mass of golden hair. Her size does not
interfere in the least with her activity,
as she may often be seen playing with
the other children of the village or wandering
in their company through the .
country lanes. Her appetite is enor- \
The Japanese have made their arrangements
for bringing into use the Roman alphabet.
From the twenty-six letters they
will omit 1, q, v, and x. Heretofore the
Chinese ideograplis have been employed
in writing on serious subjects, and the
Japanese syllabary of forty-eight sounds
for phonetic transliteration, for trivial
correspondence, story books, and such
literature as uneducated women
and children make use of. |
Already the members of the
Roma-jikaio have begun to print a newspaper;
prominent journals are devoting a
jolumn a day to matter printed ij j
11 /Unllnnol-inc tovt hfinlvH.
native literature, and the classic texts
are thus to be set forth. ,
The inhabitants of Burmah, owing to '
the excellence of the climate, are robust
and healthy looking. They attain the
average length of human life, and chil- j
dren especially thrive in the country, j
The registration returns show that in Bur- '
mah the deaths of children under five \
years of age are in the proportion of twen- i
ty-seven to eighty-five of the total deaths !
at all ages, whereas in England they are !
forty per cent. Concerning the characteristics
and peculiarities of the Burruan,
much need not be said. His virtues,
which are many, and his failings, which
arc not a few, are much the same here as
in every part of his extensive country. I
He here, as elsewhere, displays much
spasmodic energy and general laziness;
much love of feasts and shows; much
disregard of the sacredness of human life,
and much tenderness for the lives of inferior
members of the animal kingdom;
much arrogance and inconsiderateness
* * * ? J 1 ^ _i.
when placed in hign position; anu msi,
though not least, much general truthfulness,
and, among unsophisticated villagers,
the very un-oricntal trait of beii g
quite unable to tell a specious falsehood
?a trait which is as honorable to himself
as it is agreeable to those who have the
government of his country. His occupations
arc cultivation on a small scale and
petty trading. Actual poverty is almost
unknown, but riches are never accumulated.
The Burman is strongly distinguished
from the Indian races by his love
of sport and amusement, and his strong
turn for the ridiculous. The Burman is
in every way a marked contrast to the
Hindoo. Their women-folk mix freely in
all social gatherings on perfectly equal
terms, and form a very important factor
Feathered Butchers. j
In California butclier birds catch a 1
large variety of lizards, including the
horned toad, mice, and kangaroo rats,
and one has been seen living laboriously,
carrying a blue jay quite as large, if not
larger, than itself. As a rule, game thus
captured is taken to some favorite spot
and impaled or hung up, and then torn
apart, so that in a locality frequented by
these birds quite a museum is often
found, composed of the dried remains of
various animals, tho dismembered parts,
bits of bone, and other material. In
southern California the orange tree offers
every inducement to these butchers,
the thorns with which the branches are
armed being used for this singular purpose
of laceration. Sitting perfectly immovable
on a twig, the bird suddenly espies
a horned toad or lizard, and darting
down, before the frightened animal can
bury itself or seek shelter, it is seized in
the powerful beak and borne struggling
to the place of execution. At first the
victim is often held down with one claw,
after the manner practiced by hawks,
and so torn and lacerated; but generally
a sharp thorn or a pointed twig is selected,
and the body forced against it until it ls
firmlr imnalcd. This having been ac
complished successfully, the body is
sometimes left, as often the capture i?
seemingly made in wanton pleasure, foi
the mere sake of killing: the victim left
disetnbowled?a grim warning to others.
When the butcher is disposed to devour
its game, tiu; thorn is used to help tear it
apart, the flesh being torn in both directions.
So strong is this habit that in
confinement the bird still takes advantage
of any sharp object. Thus a pointed
st rick, sharpened for the purpose, being
given a caged butcher bird, alt its food,
consisting of raw meat, was immediately
placed upon it, and either left or devoured.?Scientific
Americans are the third highest in
point of the number of foreigners residing
in Japan, according to statistics published
in a native newspaper. Tiie Chinese
stand at the head of the list with
2,471 residents, followed by the English
with 619, the Americans numbering 187.
PKiSMT AMD SENATE
The Contest Over the Question
of Rem avals from Office.
Kesolutions Offered in Open Senata
Session on Both Sides.
Another stop toward a public discussion of
the controversy between the President and
! the Senate as to the respective rights of the
' executive and legislative branches of the
government in the matter of suspensions and
removals of Federal officers was taken on the
| 2d, when Senator Riddleberger introj
duccd the following resolution in tho Senate:
I Resolved, That it is the sense of the Senate
that the Executive of the United States is
i not restricted by constitutional law in removing
or suspending appointees; that the
Senate has no right to require that reasons
shull be given for such removals or suspensions;
that it is the right of tho Senate to call
lor any paper relating to the conduct of removed
or susjjended appointees, or to the
qualification and fitness of all persons whose
names are presented to the Senate for confirmation
or rejection, and it is tho duty of
the executive to comply with all demands
for the same.
iur. itiacucDerger uneny t-\.\j>iu.jut:u turn- m?
ohje"t in offering the resolution was to bring
about an open discussion of its subject. It
ml not, he said, involve the question of the
> rallecl high prerogatives of the Senate, and
rul nothing to do with the subject
of open or secret sessions. Before
Mr. Riddleberger had finished his explanation
Mr. Cockrell was on his feet
ready to object to the present consideration
of the resolution. Mr. Riddleberger remarked
that he hadn't the slightest objection
to a littio delay, and then Mr. Pugh announced
that he wanted to offer a substitute
for the resolution, but was not then ready.
Lat?r in the day Mr. Pu ;h presented the following
series of resolutions, and it was
agreed that they and Nr. Riddleberger'*
proposition should be printed and laid over:
First?That the executive power is expressly
vested by the constitution in the
President of the United States, so that h<
shall take care that the laws be faithfully
Second?That the power of appointment to
Federal office is an executive power, to be exercised
by the President under the limitation
in the constitution that he shall nominate and
by and with the advice and consent of the
Senate shall appoint.
Third?That the power of removal or suspension
from the powers and duties of Federal
office is also an executive power vested
exclusively in the President without any such
limitation lU mo uuushluliuu an is unpuscu
thereby on the power of appointment, and
for its exercise he is responsible alone to the
people, and not to the Senate!
Fourth?That the right of the President to
make nominations to the Senate and of the
Senate to advise and consent thereto are each
separate and independent rights to be exercised
by the President and Senate respectively
and separately and independently within
their aosoluto discretion, but in relation to
the person or persons so nominated the
Senate may request information of the President
affecting tne character or qualifications
of those as to whose appointment he asks the
advice aud consent of the Senate.
Fifth?That when the President makes
nominations to the Senate of persons to be
appointed by him to exercise the powers and
duties of Federal officers who have been removed
or suspended by him no law, public
duty, or public policy requires that ho shall
send or communicate to the Senate any
cause, reason, or information within his own
knowledge or contained in any letters,
petitions, papers, or documents addressed
to him or any member of ct is cabinet,
or in the possession of either, and relatiug to
the subject of removals or suspensions, or
containing charges, causes or reasons and the
proofs thereof for making such removals or
suspensions, and no law. public duty or public
policv requires or authorizes the Senate to
< "?- 1- .*..f
call iur bUUU JiJiumuiOivu CAinuiug iu Oil y ouvu
form from the President or any member of
bis cabinet, to enable the Senate to review or
question the action of the President in exercising
his executive, discretionary, or exclusive
power of removing or suspending Federal
officers from the powers and duties ol'
their offices, or to put the President on trial
by the Senate or to enforce accountability to
the Senate for anything he may have done in
the exercise of such jurisdiction.
Sixth?That to obtain information considered
by either house of Congress useful in
passing necessary and projjer laws, either
house of Congress may request the President,
if not deemed by him incompatible with the
public interest, to give any information within
his knowledge or contained in any pnblie
document or records on file or in
the lawful custody of any of the
departments and relating to the administration
of any public office, or the official conductor
acts affecting the offi ial conductor
duties of any public officer; but for the Senate
to make such request of the President, or
to direct any member of his cabinet to transmit,
to the Senate any information or any
Sublic documents or papers in open or execu,ve
session to enablo the Senate in open or executive
session to review tho propriety or the
reason or the information upon which he
acted, or may have acted, in making removals
or suspensions, would be an attempt to obtain
such information by false pretenses and for
uses and purposes not authorized or justified
by any law or public policy of the United
States, and should the President grant such
request or require any members of
his cabinet to obey sueh direction
from the Senate, when deemed by |
him to be made for such unjustifiable ana
unlawful uses and purposes, would be to recognize
and eniourago an improper practicc
and au injurions imovation upon his exclusive
and independent rights, powers and
duties as President of the Unitoi States.
SECRETARY BAYARD'S LOSS.
His Wife's Death Closely Follows
that of his Daughter.
A Washington dispatch of the 81st says;
Mrs. Bayard, the wife of the secreiar} j
of state, died at S o'clock this morn- j
ing. The immediate cnus? of her death j
was congestion of the brain, brought on by
the shork of h or daughter's sudden death twe
weeks ngo. For the lirsi week following that
event sue stood the strain and excitenant
<?iuite well, but a week ago last Friday she
was compelled to take to her bod, and
gradually*grew worse from day to day. On
Thursday congestion of the brain made its
appearance. She was unconscious for twenty
four hours before her death. Although foi
years Mrs. Bayard has been a confirmed in j
valid, she had for the last, six months bem in I
better health than for many years.
She was about fifty-one years of age, an-:
was the mother of twelve children, eight 01 i
j whom arc living. She was a membei
; of the well-kuown Jjee family, of Balti j
' more, but, was comparatively littlo known it .
Washington society, as owing to her ill healtl !
she rarely went out and never received unti ]
this winter. |
Mr. Bayard is almost broken down. The I
death of "his wife following so closely upot J
I that of his daughter has depressed hiu |
freatly. With tho exception of her daughter
fin. Warren, of Boston, and a son who is iu
I Arizona, the family were all present whec
i Mrs. Bayard died. The body was taken :c
Wilmington, Del., for interment.
MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC.
New York is to have a theatre devoted exclusively
] Clara Morris fainted while playing "Camilla"
in Washington, D. C.
' -- ? ~ "mv
| Mr. DION JtiOUUICAULiT suittjcucii
j Booth at the Boston museum.
j Mme. Patti found the doors at Warsaw
; closed against her because of her high rates
I for seats.
The gross receipts of the Boston museum
during thirteen weeks of Edwin Booth's engagement
exceeded s 150,000.
Mrs. Chanfrau, the widow of the late F.
S. Chanfrau, the actor, will, it is cabled, as-suine
the iesseoship of a London theatre.
California has furnished a suprano singer
I for the American Opera company in Mew
York. Miss Louise Llliott is tue lady. The
San Francisco papers praise her highly.
Rosa lindo Caruso, an actress of Verona,
ba? justi completed a c eutury erf life. At tnu
j loutn anniversary of her L>n th she offered to
1 recite at an actor s utnerit ]K?riormance. JShu
' reads as well as ever without hp?:-tables.
East^n anil Middle States.
Tte grand jury at Philadelphia has indicted
four officials of the Shackamaxon bank, which
lately suspended, on the charge of conspiring
to defraud the stockholders out of $250,000.
The engine house at the head of Mahanoy
Plane, Penn., was destroyed by fire the other
day, entailing a loss direct and consequential
of nearly a million dollars on the Philadelphia
and Reading Railroad company. The
plane was operated by massive machinery
for the purpose of transporting coal, and will
| take a year to replace.
A tratnt was wrecked by a landslide near
! South Haven, Penn. Two employes were
j killed and two injured.
Widespread destruction of forest, fruit
and shade trees has been caused throughout
l New England by wind and sloet.
South and West. I
The wholesale drug establishment of Ryan
i & Co., St. Paul, Minn., was destroyed by tire;
j loss, $250,000.
Alfred Smith, of Cleveland, Ohio, killed
j his wife and Mrs. Loui.se Wilson, her comE
anion, by beating their brains out with a
ammer, and then tried to commit suicide,
j but succeeded onlv in partially cutting his
i throat. Mrs. Smith harl just sued for a di;
vorce from her husbaud.
j A s.vow slide at the Sheridan mine, Coloj
rado, killed four men and probably fatally
J injured four others.
Two gamblers fought au impromptu duel
about a young woman at Houston, Texas.
One was killed and the other mortally
Seven men were sentenced to death the
: other day in the Federal court at Fort
I Smith, Ark. Anothor man was convicted of
j murder and remanded for sentence. All
| eight are to be hanged April 23.
I A fire at Jackson, Miss., destroyed tho
| principal hotel, the bank and several storei
houses, involving a loss of $100,000.
A snowslide near Breckenridge, Col.,
j buried three men under a hundred feet of
snow and rock.
The flames have consumed a large railroad
freight house, together with much freight
and twenty-five or thirty cars, at Grand.
Haven, Mich., causing an estimated loss of
William Oates, with his wife and sixmonths-old
baby was attending a religiousrevival
in a hall at Dora, Ind., when he was
shot dead bv his brother-in-law, Charles
~ T 4 1 A. . If 4
.Favey. in rue comusiun mis.
her baby, and it was trampled to death.
The Ritzinger Brothers1 bank,a private institution
at Indianapolis, Ind., has failed for
about $450,000. Many of the depositors are
In a collision between two engines near
Staunton, Va.. Fireman Gillings was instantly
killed and four other men seriously injured.
The Deadwood and Rapid City (Dakota)
mail stage was robbed near the latter place
and the registered letters carried off.
Bolling Parker, of Nansemond county,
Va., while insane killed his sister and fatally
wounded his wife with an axe.
The committee appointed to count the unissued
national bank notes in the vaults of
the comptroller of the currency has reported
that they amount to $73,331, MX) and fully correspond
with the records of the office.
The Democratic Senators in caucus have
resolved: "That we approve the views and
action of the President, communicated to the
Senate through Attornev-Gtsneral Garland in
his letter of January 29, 1880, and that we
cordially support the executive therein."
The President and Miss Cleveland and
members of the cabinet with their wives accompanied
the remains of Mrs. Bayard from
the tamily residence of Secretary Bayard to
the railroad depot, whence tho casket was
put upon a train for removal to Wilmington,
Del., where the interment took place.
General David Hunter, of the United
States army (retired), died a few days since
in Washington, aged eighty-four years.
?"* ^ " 4-V*/* TTwiffl/4 Qf O f Atl
X 11 ti OUpJ fUiC VAlUll ui 1/JLia v> uiucu kji/c?uco
has granted a writ of error to review the
legality of the conviction of a prisoner?the
defaulting cashier of an Illinois bank?who
had been kidnapped in Peru.
Chief Geronimo, the notorious Apacha
chief, has suriendered to the United States
Four socialists were hanged atWarsaw for
belonging to a Polish social revolutionary
"Dad" Freeman, a Spanish-American
negro said to be 132 years old, died a few
days since in Windsor, Canada.
At a national league meeting in Limerick
Ireland, the mayor announced that the ex
ecutive had instructed him to discountenance
Mexican sheep herders and Carlisle (N. M.j
cowboys had a battle for two days on the
plains to decide the possession of a cattle
yange. The Mexicans burned all the buildings
save one and retired with the loss of one
A mutiny occurred among the boys on
board a reformatory ship at Liverpool, tho
lads at a signal attacking the officers with
firearms and other weapons. Eighteen boys
aud two officers were wounded before the
mutiny was checked.
Mr. Gladstone was called to Osborne on
the 1st to confer with Queen Victoria about
toe formation of a now caomas.
Tlic Apache Chief and his Followers
Throw Down their Arms.
Additional news from tlrj seat of war eon"
' firms the report of the Apache chief Geroa.
[ imo's unconditional surrender to the United
States troops. The war has been in progress
i since may, 1885, and troops have been in the
Southwest field since the 22d of that month.
It has been one of the hardest wars on the
regular service that ever occurred in the
West. None but those acquainted
with the country can realize the
hardships. The Indians were fully
oquippe 1, and whsn their horses' feet became
! tender on long inarches thjy marie rawhide
! shoes, almost as durable as iron, and were
thus enabled to d.sfcui ,'c the pursuing cavalry.
Being familiar with the country ih * Indians
led the soldiers a weary and uncertain chase.
Taey divided into small bauds and raided
in all directions. Coming to a ranch, tli ?y
would kill the settler ani his family, mutilate
the victims beyond recognition, steal provisions
and drive off all the horses. Chief Geronimo
was the first to go on the war-nath
with his band of bucks. T noy
were Chiricuiba Ana.-hes, the remnant
of Cha^'hise's celebrated fighters from
San Carlos agency, in Arizona. The tribe
was always warlike. It never lived on the
reservation proper, but under the control of
the agency. Tne C'hirieahuas were scattered
through the mountains within the limits of
the reservation so that it was impo ?sible to toll
| the exact number. From all accounts there
j must have been nearly a hundred.
i Careful estimates place the number of thesj
j who were killed by these fiends during their
| last raid at 170. Many ot' the killed were
| women having highly respected connections
| in the East. If the peoole of New Mexico and
! Arizona are permitted to have their way,
(ieronimo and his fellows will Ik? hanged.
GROWTH OF THE SOUTH.
More than $00,000,000 of Capital
Added Lust Year.
j Tho Baltimore Manufacturers1 Record
publishes its annual review of the industrial
j growth of the South. The amount of capii
tal, including capital stock of incorporated
| comj)anies organized during tho year, and in
I enlarging and rebuilding those destroyed
by fire, aggregates $00,812,000, divided
! among the fourteen Southern States as
! follows: Alabama, $7,841,000; Arkan
I sas, $1,220,0(10; ' Florida,' $2,019,000;
Georgia, $2,5(H),000; Kentucky, $18,304,!
200; Louisiana, $2,118,500; Maryland, $0,I
WW,800; .Mississippi, $701,500; North Caroi
Una, $:t,2W.u;J0; South Carolina, $?$50,000;
Tennesson. -.J,0!?2,0J0; Texas, ^.i.2>'!2,OH); Virginia,
&>'. r,000 and West Virginia. $12,050,000.
Hu. . a in,? up some statistics of tho
Sduth's j i reus since 18S0 tho Rcvord. shows
! that sine. t.en 10,400 miles havo been added
to tho .ith's railroad mileage. The assessed
vs>; ie of property in tho South has increased
L-urly $1,000, 000,000 since 1679.
: .v- : ^ ;
. if;; ' V- V ' ' -.'v' v *'
i.? ./ ' '. \ - - *. . ; ?
' LATER NEWS.
A cutter belonging to the ocean steam*
ship Donau was run down by a tug in the
North river at New York, and the eleven
men in the small boat were thrown into the
water. Midshipman Kerseh, the officer in
charge of the cutter and five seamen were
The Connecticut lower house has passed a
resolution appropriating $10,000 for a monument
over the grave of the revolutionary
hero, General Israel Putnam.
A dynamite magazine at a shaft on the
new New York aqueduct exploded the other j
night with terrific force. A watchman was
killed, and much damage was done to property
within a radiu3 of a quarter of a mile.
Samuel Williams, a farmer, aud his wife
were burned to death in their dwelling at
Trenton, N. Y.
George L. Lorillard, a noted American
sportsman, died a few days ago at Nice,
France, aged forty-three years.
There are fears of a revolution in Spa'n
The New York horse-car conductors anl
drivers have boen successful in a strike for a
reduction in the hours of labor to twelve
hours a day.
A train at Butler, Penn., dashed into a
sleigh containing Christian Daubonspeck, his
wife and a Mrs. Harper,smashing the vehicle
to pieces aud fatally injuring all three occupants.
James Clarke, a refractory prisoner in
the Riverview penitentiary, Pittsburg, stabbed
and seriously injured three of tho keepers.
Miss Louisa Perkins is suing E, J. Baldwin,
the California millionaire, in the Los
Angeles (Cal.) courts for $500,000 for breach
of promise of marriage.
The alleged discovery of silver on a farm
at Yattavillo, Ohio, has produced great excitement
in that neighborhood, and land has
doubled in value.
A Washington dispatch says that "the
decision of the House committee on expenditures
in the department of justice that it has
no authority under tho Han back resolution
to go beyond the simple question of the government's
expenditures in the telephone cases
will lead to the ordering of another investigation.
It is proposed by some members to go
into the entire history of all the telephoue
4-Vio Rail Pnn nnrl fVio rp?fc nnrl
ta^CA}) DUC JUUilj UU AJiVVVt V44V * W,
ascertain how far officers of the government
under the present and preceding administrations
have been involved."
The House committee on .commerce has
agi-eed to report favorably a bill for tho appointment
of a commission of three to visit
Mexico, the Central American states and
Brazil for the purpose of investigating the
mothods pursued in these countries for the
protection of tho people against yellow fever.
The French chamber of deputies have
voted that the crown jewels shall be sold for
tho benefit of aged laboring men.
, FEDERAL FOfANOES.
National Debt Statement?Government
Receipts and Expenditures.
The following is a recapitulation of the
national debt statement issued for January:
Bonds at 4 1-2 ner rant $250,000,000 00
Bonds at 4 per cent 737,747,000 00
Bonds at 8 per cent 194,190,500 00
Refunding certificates at 4 per
cent 217,800 00
Navy pension fund at3 per
cent 14,(XX),000 00
Pacific railroad bonds at 0
percent 64,623,512 00
Principal $1,200,779,412 11
Interest 8,233,930 11
Totnl $1,209,063,342 00
Debt on which interest has
ceased since maturity:
Principal 8,324,755 26
Interest 201,179 33
Total S3,5*5,y:M 59
Debt Dearinq no Interest.
Old demand and legal tender
notes $340,738,6% 00
Certificates of deposit 14,590,000 00
Gold certificates 115,284,951 00
Silver certificates 80,761,009 00
Fractional currency, less
$8,375,954, estimated as
lost or destroyed 6,959,153 77
Principal $573,334,409 77
Principal $1,837,438,577 03
Interest 8,485,109 44
Total $1,845,923,080 47
Less cash items
tho debt 231,451,551 32
held for redemption
notes 100,000,000 00? 331,451,551 32
Total debt less available cash
items 1,514,472,135 15
Net cash in the Treasury.... 79,(>89,802 24
Debt cash in the Treasury
February 1, 1880 1.434,782,272 91
Debt less cash in theTreasury
January 1, 1880 1,443,454,820 72
Decrease of debt during
the month $8,072,55* 81
Cash in the Treasury.
Available for reduction of
the public debt:
Gold held for gold certificates
Silver held for silver certificates
..." 89,701,009 00
United States notes held
for certificates of deposit
actually outstanding .... 14,590,000 00
Cash held for matured debt
and interest unpaid 11,80!),8W 70
Fractional currency 5,126 62
Total available for reduction
of debt...; $231,451,551 32
Hp nerve Fund.
Held for redemption of
United States notes, acts
Jan. 14, 1875, and July 12,
1882 100,000,000 00
Unavailable for reduction of
coin $29,013,993 71
Minor coin.. 531,943 86? 26,545,943 57
Certificates held as cash.... .58,31)9,476 00
Net cash balance on hand.. 79,689,862 24
Total cash in theTrcasury
as shown by Treasurer's
general account.. $493,936,832 13
The following is a comparative statement
of the receipts and expenditures of the United
Source, 1880. July 1, 1885.
Customs $14,492,954 90 $110,322.22!) 37
Intarnal rev.. 8,214,131 90 67,038,070 25
Miscellaneous. 2,030,771 00 14,152,508 86
Total $24,737,857 80 $191,512,808 43
1385. Juhi 1, 1384.
Customs $14,522,162 15 $107,0!)3,931 54
Internal rev.. 8,625,316 40. 65,210,532 97
Miscellaneous. 2,724,650 25 16,546,854 76
Total $25,872,128 80 $188,851,319 27
_ Source. 1S80.' July 1, 1885.
Urdinary.... $12,278,703 48 $83,303,0:54 hi i
Pensions 1,257,946 91 :34,84:J,84^; 58 !
Interest 9,210,421 80 34,354,5*1 50 i
Total $22,753,131 19 $151,401,022 89 j
1885. .Tuli/ 1, 1884. |
Ordinary $11,379,119 51 $90,273,290 00 '
Pensions 508,771 53 29,000,987 98
Interest 9,212,533 38 34,901,9.54 80
Total $21,100,424 42 $154,170,233 81
TOW HI EARM8ST.
Snow and Biting Winds Throughout
Cold Weather in Many Places Fol
lowed by a Warm Wave,
The snowstorm which prevailed the other
day in many sections of the country was attended
by intense cold, in some regions the
severest of the season. The following dispatches
from various j>ointo indicate the severity
of the weather:
New York city: The driving snow-storm
that began at 10:45 a. m. Wednesday kept up,
with an intermission of three hours early yesterday
morning, until shortly after 1 o'clock
in the al'ternoou. The fall was 4 Z-10 inches,
and all night long the wind scattered it all |
over. At 3 o'clock in the morning the mercury
dropped to 2 5-10 degrges aboye zero,the !
coldest temperature during the winter. ana at i
no time did it rise above nine degrees, according
to the signal service thermometer.
Winchester, Va.: The snow is fifteen inches
deep and the weather is very cold. A high
northeaster is prevailing and the snow is
drifting badly to-night. The present blizzard
is almost as severe as the last, all country
roads being completely blockaded.
Washington: An aged colored couple named
George and Mary ifason wore found by the
]>olice this morning. iu their house in the
suburbs of this city frozen to death.
Lynchburg. Va.: Snow has fallen since
Wednesday noon, and is now twelve inches
deep. Advices from the southwest portion
of the State indicate unparalleled snow
storms and report snow from two to three
Baltimore, Md.: The snow, which began to
fall at 1 o'clock yesterday morning, con
tmued up to 11 o'clock to-day when there was
the first indication of a change. The fail
was about seventeen inches, the heaviest
since 1858. Traias from every direction are
delayed, and the navigation on Chesapeake
Bay and its tributaries were entirely suspended.
The snow is drifting badly in exposed
Wilmington, DeL: About fourteen inchos
of snow have fallen here and it is now drifting
badly. Advices from down the peninsula
report a generally heavier storm than at
this place. The temperature was four degrees
above zero at 7 o'clock this morning.
The country roads are almost impassable.
Parsons, ivan: The late fall of snow was
much the heaviest known in this locality. In
Indian Territory it is said to be much heavier
than here, having fallen there to the depth
of two feet on a level. Reports from WestKansas
indicate great human suffering and
great losses of stock. The farmers in this
vicinity have experienced considerable loss
of stock, principally in hogs and sheep.
Wagon roads are completely blockaded
Nya'k, N. Y.: This was the coldest day of
the season here. The Hudson river is again
frozen entirely over this evening. Throughout
Rockland ceunty to-day the mercury
ranged from 5 to 14 degrees below zero.
Newport, R. I.: Newport is experiencing
the. heaviest snow-storm for several years.
Since yesterday afternoon from ten to twelve
inches of snow have fallen and have drifted
badly. The thermometer fell to within a few
degrees of zero this morning.'
Toronto, Ont.: Fair cold weather con
L1UUCTS bUlVU^UUUl t'uuauu. X I1EJ ULUI u
varies in Ontario from 4 to 35 decrees below
zero, and in Quebec from 11 to 25 below. In
New Brunswick it is from 0 degrees above to
8 degrees below, and in Nova Scotia from H
to 17 degrees above. The weather is moderating
in the extreme northwest provinces, but
continues very cold in Manitoba.
The storm went out to sea and hovered off
the coast, being central between Atlanticcity
and Norfolk, high winds prevailing all
alongthecoast from Jacksonville,FJa.,to Eastport,
Me., and blowing from thirty-five to
forty-six miles an hour. The" velocity
at Sandy Hook was thirty-seven at 3:30
p. m., and forty-six was th? maximum. It
was cold aud stormy along the lakes, the
temperature b.'ing down to zero at Buffalo,
Erie aud Port Huron, 5 below at Oswego, 1
below at Rochester, and 8 below at Alpina,
Mich., at 3 P. m.
Dispatches received at Now York stated
that the thermometer at Moorhead, Minn.,
the coldest place iu the United States, grew
over a dozen degrees warmer in as many
hours, opening the day at 32 below. Fort
Garry, Manitoba, rose from 24 to 7 below,
and St. Vincent, Minn., also grew 17 degrees
In the West, where the warm wave started
there was a decided improvement in the
weather, and at Deadwood, which has been
frozen up all winter, it was 4!>; Helena,Mon.,
43, and Cheyenne, Wyo., 50 below..
PRESIDENT AND SENATE.
The Demand for Information Concerning
A Washington dispatch says that "the
latest announcement as to the attitude of the
administration with respect to the request of
the Senate for information is that none of the
papers asked for in the Edmunds resolution
will be sent to the Senate. And this reason
is assigned by the gentleman who givss the
information, and he is very near to official
circles: If the resolution had been introduced
in open session the papers asked for
would have D3en .readily granted; but the
resolution was adopted in executive session,
whi. h seems to indicate that tbe information
is wanted for use in connection with confirmations,
and, for that reason, will be withheld."
The attorney-general has sent a letter to
the Senate inonswer to the resolution calling
for "'all documents and papjrs in relation to
the management and conduct of the office of
United States attorney for the southern district
of Alabama," in which, after acknowledging
the receipt of the resolution in question,
"In response to said resolution the President
of the United States directs me to say
that the pajjei-s which were in this department
relating to the f.taess of J. D. Bennett,
recently nominated to said offices, having
olvnofltr emif tn fKa inrUniorv nnmmifrort I
ail VUllJ i?VUV I.V IUV jUMiViWi j vvi?4J?n?vvv
of the Senate, and the papers and documents
which are mentioned in said resolution and
still remaining in the custody of this department
having exclusive reference to the susErnsion
by the President of George M. Dusn,
the late incumbent of the office of district
attorney of the United States for the southern
district of Alabama, it Is not considered
that the public interests will be promoted by
compliance with said resolution and the
transmissiou of the papers and documents
therein mentioned to the Senate in executive
session. Very respectfully,
"A. H. Garland, Attorney General."
FUKS AND SKIMS,
Latest Prions Ruling in thi? New
Latest reports state that for furs ami skins
in the New York market there has been a
good demand and prices ara ruling higher ]
and firm on most kinds; 1
North, West South nml <
No. 1 quality and Ka?r. Sonthuc.-t. <
Fisher $.'> 00 ojio oo $."> outoJS oo j
BIhck Bear !2 OOto '-Ml 00 3 00toi4 00 .
Ob<m>d Vearlings 4 Onto S 00 i OOtO 5 00
Otter, cach 4 5 t.> 8 Oo 3 OOto "? 0)
Heaver, per lb 3 0 to 4 00 2 0<>fo !i 5<)
Mink 40to 1 00 3.r?t) SJ <
Ked r'ox 1 'JOto 1 75 S0f> 1 00 1
(jicjr Fox 1 3Uto 1 75 SOtO 1 30 ]
Raccoon, eich 75to 1 00 40to CO
Skunk, b nek 1 '25to 1 30 90;o 1 lfi
Skunk, imlf-i'triped 7'to 85 *>5to 70
SkonK, striped ?0l.> 45 35io 40
Skunk, whstc 15io '.21) l'^io in i
Opossum (trash out).... 13to 17 9io 1 i .
Muakrat, fall 9to 12 Gto 8 .
Muskrat, wiuler 14to 17 I'Jto 15 j
PBOMINENT PEOPLE, j
General Sherman says he would not doliver
a lecture on his "march to the sea" for
Ex-Secretary of War Belknap lives in
bachelor quarters in Washington. His wife
resides in Europe.
!TEmperok William has ordered that the
German navy be included in the church
prayers, as well as the army.
In a two weeks' campaign iu Cleveland,
Francis Murphy and his son pinned the temperance
ribbon on 25,000 converts.
Bishop Green, of Mississippi, the oldest
American bishop, at the advanced age of
eighty-seven is still actively at work.
SUMMARY 0F_ CONGRESS r
Twenty-seventh Day.?Mr. Walthall
5resented the credentials of re-election of
. Z. George, United States Senator from
Mississippi. They were read and filed....Mr.
Piatt submitted a resolution for reference to
the committee on rules, and it was so referred,
providing that executive nominations
shall hereafter be cons id
ered in open session.... Mr. Vest
spoke against tne admission of Dakota as a
State. In conclusion lie said he would hereafter
submit a proposition to divide the territory
by a line running north and south on,
the 101st parallel of longitude, so as to provide
for tne keeping of the unsettled western
aiutr in ix \ASk uiuuai cuuuiuuu.
Twenty-eighth Day.? Mr. Call submitted ..,,
a resolution, which, at his request, was laid
over for the present, directing the committee
on military affairs to report a bill providing
that ex-Union soldiers shall not be required > '
to submit to civil service examination before
appointment to any position embraced in the
civil service law Messrs. Hoar and Ingalls
spoke upon the electoral count bill, the latter
saying that the electoral commission of 1876'77
was a contrivance that would never be repeated.
Alter the debate the Senate went ' .
into oxecntive session.
Twenty-Ninth Day.?Mr. Riddleberger '
offered in open session the following resolu- v
tion, which he had introduced on the previous
day in executive session: "Resolred, That
it is the sense of the Senate that the executive
of the United States is$ not restricted by
constitutional law in removing or sus
Sending appointed; that the Senate
as no right to require that reasons
shall be given for such removals or suspension
; that it is the right of the Senate to call
for any paper relating to the conduct of removed
or suspended appointees, or to the
qualification and fitness of all persons whose
names are presented to the Senate for confirmation
or rejection, and it is the duty of
the executive to comply with all demands for
the same." Mr. Pugh offered as a substitute
a series of resolutions to the effect that the
power of appointment to office is a power to
be exercised by and with the advice and consent
of the Senate, and that the power of removal
or suspension from office is vested in
the President independently of the Senate;
that when the President removes a public
official from office no law compels nim to
give reasons for such removal to the
finnofo ni> nntlinri7? t.Vifl Rpnnto to Aslf
kJCUftW, VI UUUUUl vuw ?? ? .. .? t J|
for such reasons or documents in support of
them; that while either House of Congress
may request the President to furnish infor- '
mation or documents necessary to enlighten
them in the enactment of laws, yet to obtain
such information for the purpore of review
ing the propriety of the President's removal
or suspensions from office is to obtain information
under false pretences. Both resolutions.
went over.... Mr. Evarts discussed the
electoral-count bilL Executive session. '
Thirtieth Day.?The chair placed before
the Senate the resolution submitted on the
previous day by Mr. Ri Idleberger and the
substitute for it by Mr. Purb, relating to the
relations between the President and tne Senate
in regard to information and papers af-, A
fecting government officers suspend jd or
appointed. Mr. Edmunds moved to lay
the resolutions on the table, and . /
after a short debate the motion
was adopted. Mr. Biddleberger soon- after'
called up the resolution that had been laid . ,
upon the table, and moved that it be taken
from the table for reference. Upon motion /
of Mr. Morrill the resolution was referred to
the committee on privileges and elections....
Mr. Logan argued in favor of the admission
of Dakota as a State. Mr. Morgan opposed : t
the admission of Dakota under the present
conditions. . ^
Thirty-First Day.?Prayer was offered
by the Rev. T. DeWitt Talmage, of Brooklyn...
The bill providing for an assistant
secretary of the navy was discussed without
action..,.Mr. Harrison took the floor and
made a lens argument in favor of the bill
admitting Dakota as a State, being frequently
interrupted by Senator Butler and others
until the debate at times became warm.
Without fixing the time for a vote upon the
measure the Senate adjourned. . Y., \
Twenty-ninth Day.?The House spent the
day in committee of the wholo on the private
calendar. Two private claim bills were
passed.. ..In the evening session Mr. Crisp,
of Georgia, made a speech against
the policy of increasing the rates
of pensions ani in opposition
to the repeal of the limitation on the
arrears of pension acts. He asserted that
one-third of all the Uniou soldiers enlisted in
the late war were applicants for pensions,
which, if granted, would cost, though no increase
were made in the rate, the enormous
sum of $1:25,000,000 a year....The House
passed fifty pension bills before adjournment.
Thirtieth Day.?In his opening prayer the
cl a plain said: u We commend to Tny infinite
pitj- and tenderness Tiiyservant,the secretary
of state, who sits with his children in a home
deflate, because twice within a fort- .
ni;>ht death hath entered. In this
time, when earthly, state and human
sympathy availeth'so little, may the
spirit of the living God come to cheer and
enmfort them."....Mr. Hanback. of Kansas, s
rising to a ciuestiou of personal privilege,sent
to the clerk's desk to have read an editorial
from a New York newspaper eutitled "The
Telephone Scandal," out the reading was
immediately interrupted by Mr. Breckenridse,'
of Arkansas, with the point
of order that there was nothing in tte editorial
which reflected upon the gentleman
from Kansas in his representative capacity.
The speaker inquired whether there was any
allusion in it cu tne genueumu uwui ivnuxu.
Mr. Han beck shook his head, and the Speaker
then said that the gentleman must state what
the question of privilege is. Mr. Han back replica
tnat the House would understand what
the Question of privilege was after the article
had been read. After further discussion Mr. *
Hanback got around the difficulty by present- \
ing the lollowing resolution, "which was
carried, unanimous consent having been obtained:
'"Resolved, That the committee on
expenditures La the department of justice be
empowered to make full inquiry into any expenditure
on the part of the government relative
to the rights of the Bell and Pan
Electric Telephone companies, and
for the purpose of this investigation,
and to the end that the people may
be fully advised, the committee is granted
the right to send for persons and papers, all
expenses to lie audited and accounted from
approved vouchers, and when so approved to
be paid out of any moneys in the treasury not
otherwise appropriated." Mr. Hanback
again attempted to reopen the matter by a
personal explanation, but was declared
out of order....Mr. Bland preferred a
resolution, which was adopted, inquiring of
the s<*cretarv of the treasury as to the amount
of silver dollars in the treasury....The bill
nonm'rtiw r?f snlfliprs1 widows
uluctvllllk 11u. |nu.?vu.. v.
iroin jk-5 to per nioutn was put upon Its
passage by 198 yeas to naj'-s.
Thirtv-First Day.?Mr. Holraan, of Indiana,
offered appropriate resolutions on the
death of Vice-President Hendricks. Eulogistic
addresses were made by Representatives
Bynum, of Indiana, McCreary, of Kentucky,
Long, of Massachusetts, Throckmorton, of
Texas, Browne, of Indiana. Randall, of
Pennsylvania, Springer, of Illinois, Oeddes,
of Ohio, Lowe, Kliencr, and Holinan, of In-?
diana. and Mr. Hewitt, of New York. The
resolutions were adopted, and as a further I
mark of respect the House adjourned.
Thirty-second Day.?Mr. Bland's reso
lution calling on the secretary of the treasury
for information relative to silver cin ulaticn
:-arae up. Mr. Randall, of Pennsylvania inquired
whether there was any way of getting
in a motion to strike out the clause in regard
to thefuturepolicyoftheadministration. Mr.
Hewitt moved to recommit th? resolution
with instructions to the committee to strike
out that portion which asks the secretary of
the treasury to define the policy of the administration.
The motion to recommit with
instructions was lost,?yeas 38, nays 108?and
LUC 1 CMUUl/lUil ?uo ?
Thirty-Third Day.?1The Dingly shipping j
bill, the first really important measure or the
session originating with the House, was
p&ssod. It provides for the removal of certain
fees, charges and burdens on American vessels
engaged in the inland and coastwise
Tade Mr. Reed refused unanimous consent
to sot apart the next ten days for the
. oasideration of the Fitz John Porter bill,
ind the House then adjourned.
Tub city fathers of Isural, Yucatan, decided
that the people were in earnest about
having their streets paved after they had
iieen given a tin-pan serenade. Work was
begun the next morning.
Congressman Reagan, of Texas, has
black hair, though he is now nearly seventy,
and his eye is as bright and his step as firm
as that of many of the younger members.
He was the Confederate nostmastar-genaraL
Many Koy West spongers are abandoning
that business for cigar-making, which they
think will prove more lucrative.