Newspaper Page Text
TOPICS OP INTEREST RELATIVE
I TO FARM AND GARDEN.
The Ti<rht Rein.
Most farmers who give no particular
attention to horses usually drive with a
loose rein. This is well enough with
, the "old family horse" in whom you
j have porfeet confidence. It is never
safe, however, with a young or spirited
horse. Kever drive such an animal with
o loose a rein that you cannot instantly
i command the situation, whatever happens.?American
| Fattening Fowls Quickly.
/ This matter ot latteningtowis quicKiy, j
J remarks the New York Witness, does j
, not receive the attention it should have I
1 and really deserves. For a week or ten ;
days before the fo wls are intended to be i
ent to market they should be confined j
in close quarters and fed ?n strictly fat- |
tening food. This should be kept up as :
long as they eat greedily and keep gaining
in weight. Milk is excellent to use !
in moistening their food and also for
them to drink,if it can be obtained with- j
out too much expense. It is not only j
valuable as dn aid in fatteniug them !
quickly, but also greatly improves the
quality of the flesh produced.
Tn the United State3 buckwheat is
raised in only a small acre. Residing i
' where this grain is one of the btuple j
crops, says a central New York farmer;
in ihe Tril>une, I should know how best i
to harvest it. It is cut with a reaper j
and allowed to wilt a day or two, that |
the kernels may not shell off; the gavels ;
are then stood on end and the tops
twisted about, leaving the bunches coniform,
and it may stand so for weeks
without taking harm. It has a fleshy j
stalk, and being thus closely put up,
gives the air free circulation through j
the mas9. This is much quicker and I
better than binding in bundles as some ,
do. Whether threshed by flail or ma-1
chinery, drawing and threshing should
be done simultaneously and on a dry
day; patting it into a mow to sweat and
cure injures the berry. The straw can
be stacked, and its feeding value is |
about that of other straw. The stack :
will heat and smoke like a littl? volcano, I
but no harm ensues. The time to cut!
buckwheat is the day before a frost oc- j
curs. It grows and fills with kernels '
Until frost checks it, and then it falls |
flat, and the kernels in the milky and j
dough states are maiuly Ibst; but if cut
before freezing these usually ripen.
Tree Planting Routine.
In plantiDg trees the following routine
may be followed with much advantage: j
The grouud having been prepared and i
the compost beiDg ready the trees are !
ordered. Immediately?the verv next I
day?the holes are dug three feet in
diameter and eighteen inches deep.
The top soil is laid by itself on one side.
When the holes are a: I dug the compost
is hauled to the ground and three or
four shovelfuls are put into each hole j
With a portion of the top soil, so as to j
raise the bottom six inches, leaving a I
mound in the hole upon which the tree !
will rest. As much more compost is
left on the remainder of the top soil.
When all this has been doae the trees
will probably be on hand. These are
brought home as soon as possible, taken i
directly to the ground, unpacked there,
and distributed, some of the soil being
thrown upon the roots as each tree is
laid down. If any roots are broken
they are cut smoothly to the sound wood
and others shortened. Thea the plantI
intr nllnwQ A tree is held unricht.
with the centre on the mound aforesaid. '
, One person kneels and spreads the roots j
carefully over the mound to avoid any j
tpace under the tree, draws some top
soil on to them until the roots are settled,
and then holds the tree while another
person shovels in gently the mixed soil
and compost, shaking it loosely upon
the roots while these are arranged in a
natural position in the soil that they j
may not be broken when the soil is j
tramped firmly. When the top soil is all |
in, the lower soil is put in. And as soon !
as poss ble after the planting is finished
this is enriched and the roots protected j
I at the same time bv a liberal top dress-1
Jng of coarse manure all over the three-!
foot circle. If any one thinks this is too
; much trouble he will save money by not
planting any trees at all. ?New York '
Preventing Fermentation of Cider.
There are many different ways ot preventing
fermentation, but in any case
the cider ought to stand in large open
casks loDg enough to ferment slightly,
bo ai to cause a considerable scum to
riie to the surface, when it may be
skimmed off, and also give time for the
sediment to Bcttle at the bottom before
anything else is done with it. Nothing
is more important than to abstruct by
natuial means the minute particles of
pomace that are held in solution by the
A quite effective way of cleanaing the
cider ana preventing alter iermeacauon i
is to scald it just after it has been slight- I
ly fermented and settled. To do this it
may be drawn olf or dipped out ot' the
casks into large cofper kettles, or for
large quantities an old coppe- still, holding
three or ionr barrels, will be better.
When fire is applied the heat will cause
a large amount of scum to rise at once to
the top to be skimmed olf.
The heating should cease as soon as !
the boiling is reached, when the cider is j
again placed in clean, open casks to
stand and .settle until it has bccorne entirely
cold, when it may be drawn into
barrels and tightly buuged.
The eflect of the scaling, if done at
the right tme, is iwo-fo!d. It quite
thoroughly cleanses the cider and stops
the fermentation at the right point to
leave it a sweet aud pleasant drink.
While cider thus treated will afterwaid
taste somewhat of the scalding, it will not
be unpleasant to those who like it sweet,
and is to be preferred to cider in which
the fermentation has been arrested by
mustard seed or chemicals. Cider
in any of these ways will not afterward
Where the quantity of cider to be
made will not justify the expense of
casks, the cider may be fermented and
settled in barrels, bungs open, by drawing
from one to another.?JVeui York
Plows aii'l Plowing
The plow has long been used as the
symbol of agriculture. The finely made
and beautitully ornamented steel plow
which Victoria sent to the Queen of
Madagascar was years afterward found
* by some missionaries, who had penetrated
into the interior of the island, in
temple. It had its place among the
representation of 'he deities the natives
worshipped and was recognized as the
God of agriculture. They did not employ
it'in their fields, or leave it in a
furrow to rest, as western farmers might
have done. They prostrated themselves
before it and prayed that they might
have larze cr<>ps of g>ain. In a museum
io Canada is a' collection ot the plows
> ' ; . .
used in all ages and in most countries
in n Inn f> ?/\Tir
X zxuj aic anau^&u iu a ivu^ i vui a uv
first plow is a portioa of a tree, ont
braDch being used to attach an animal
to and another used as a handle. Bj
their order they show the evolution ol
the plow that is now employed in th<
most advanced countries. Attempt'
have been made to show that the pro^
gres* of agriculture may best be showr
by improvements in the plow that turnf
It is generally acknowledged that the
best plows in the world are made in tbit
country. It is also admitted that the
work done with them is very poor. Ob'
serving travelers state that much bettei
plowing is done in Great Britain and in
many portions of the continent of Europe
than in this country. This state ol
things is expla'ned by assuming that
very excellent plows lead to carelessness
in the use of them. When an implement
can be depended upon to do good
> -K? -t ? * ?n?
WOrK It IS Olieu 11 uui geuori?iiiy
in the hands of a person who has little
judgment, experience or okilL None
but an expert can do good plowing with
a poor plow. In England, as in some
other countries, the plowman ranks
above the common farm laborer. He ia
regarded as a skilled workman. Ordinarily
he does nothing but guide the
plow. He makes a careful study of the
business and becomes very expert. In
this country boys and girls tend ma>
chines in great manufacturing establishments
and turn out articles that can only
be made by skilled mechanics who use
common tools. On our farms incompetent
persons are trusted with the U9e of
plows and are expected to do good work
because the plows are so easy to manage.
Large farms and low prices for grain
have a tendency to make plowing poor.
\Vhen a plow can be run half a mile
without meeting with an impediment the
person holding it does not acquire the
skill of one who plows among stumps
and stones. He relies on his plow to ao
everything. He seems to forjet that a
tool is not endowed with intelligence.
The appearance of fields in many parts
of the country 6how that skillful plowing
has 1 ecome a lost art. Perhaps it
would be more nearly correct to say that
it is an art that has never b.en acquired.
Plowing is so badly done in many part9
of the country that it is not strange that
" /vf imnlomonfa Vi a tro Vippr
u vai icij vi iui|jjioiuv<uik> JUUT v ww*.
brought out for supplementing the work
that should be done with the plow. The
first settlers of the country had nothing
but a wooden plow and a home-made
harrow, which was often no more than
some branches of trees bound together,
with which to prepare land for raising a
crop of grain. Farmers of the p e;e;it
day have clod-crushers, revolving pulverizers,
rollers, and half a do en kinds
of harrows with which to do the same
work. Still old farmers declare thai
soil is not as well prepared for seeding
as it was in the good old days when
they were young. --Chicayo Times.
Screenings from rhe Grainflelds.
Sowing shrunken wheat is an attempt
to cheat nature with light coin.
He who well drains, manures anc
prepares the ground, can grow profitable
crops of wheat on almost every soil.
It is a general rule, with not more thai
the usual exceptions, that the finer the
seed-bed the larger the yield of wheat.
Wheat can be safely grown on land*
that would be ruined by washing and
gullying were cultivated crops kept on
It pays richly to save wheat straw carefully,
though it is used only as an
absorbent. Western farmers may smile,
but it is true.
The man who whitewashed his granaries
with boiling hot wash, putting it ir
all the cracks, did not fear the miller'!
examination of his wheat.
Treat your grain crops with an eye t(
the value of the straw as well as of the
grain, and in the spring it will not be
said of your cattle, as it was said ol
Ephraim, that they "feed upon wind."
A patch of rye and timothy seeded
together always comes "pat." The rye
will make pasture in the spring ever
earlier than bluegrass, and by the tim<
the rye fails the timothy will be ready,
There is nothing like a steady successioi
Rye may be sown in the fall and clovei
on it :n the spring. The rye can be cui
for the straw (which frequently sells foi
the same price per ton as the best hay
as soon as the blossom falls, and there
will be a good erowth of clover foi
pasture. In this way poor hnd muy b<
made to yield a respectable incomc
while being improved.?American Agriculturist.
Vegetables of National Importance,
The importance of vegetables in th(
United States, says a writer m the lndcptn
leiit, has been partially demonstrates
in late years by the regular establishment
by Congress ol the "Section of Vegetable
Pathology," since, while this section at
tends to the diseases of vines and fruii
trees, it also investigates those of vege
tables. A small appropriation was
granted to the Department of Agricul
ture for the Bupportof this section, anc
thope in charge of it have already gath
ered a good deal of information as to th<
potato rot in the United States. Th<
Botanical Division has also published
10,000 copies of the "Circular Ko. 4,'
on 'Treatment of the potato and tomatc
for the blight and rot."
*" How strange all such Government as
sistance wouid have seemed to the Eng
l;sh 300 years ago, when, as Smiles teili
us, frardening, "though long practiced
by i he monk*, had become almost a losl
art in England."
In ir>.?5 we are told that a sum equa
to twenty shillings was paid at Hull fo
six cabbages aud a few carrots. And !
writer of lOol) tells of au old man wh<
remembered ''the iirst gardener whc
came into Surrey to plant cabbages nnc
cauliflowers, and to sow turnips, carrots
and parsnips and early peas ; all o
which at- that time were jjreat wonders,
we having few or none in England bu
what came from Holland or Elandeers.'
The Barber's Delicate Art.
A barber says in the (rlohe-Demorrat
Few people have an idea how few then
are who could become barbers by an;
amount of application. I have ha<
nineteen apprentices at various times
oniv seven of whom are tonsorial artists
Some boys arc too nervous to acquir
the ability, and particularly cigarett
smokers. Others are too lazy. Stil
others have not the suaveness necessary
for a successful barber must bo a polit
man. Others have not the essentia
mechanism or cannot attain to the re
! quisite lightness of touch. Iiut morbi<
peculiarities are great factors iuunfittinj
a candidate. l'or instance, I have us
j dismissed an apprentice because of hi
inordinate antipathy to warts. When i
customer who is the possessor of a war
is down in a chair at the boy's mercy h
shaves all around it with the utmos
care; then a devilish grin distorts hi
features, the expression beiny the fun
niest 1 ei er saw, aud he cuts off thi
wart. The customer rises and discover
his face bleeding terribly, and the resul
I is a row and a lost customer.
" ' ' V . 4'
To Clean Paint Work.
[ A steamboat steward says that houser
j keepers should go to a steamboat for
' * ? -* 1.
f ; lessons on ClCauiug puiuti WUI&. mc
51 cabin of a steamboat, painted a clear
5 white,is kept quite as if the painter had
. just left it, being not only clear, b'.it
t having a beautiful polish. All that is
} necessary is a little water, a sponge, pure
castile soap, and a smooth cloth for rub,
bing after the dirt has been washed olf
, with the sponge. The rubbing restores
, the polish. Many people paint every
. year, whereas if the paint is washed in
. this way it will show clear and with a
t h gh polish for four or five years.?
, Prairie Farmer.
; Use Plenty of Apples,
i Apples are abundant and cheap this
. year, says the New York Witness, and
, there is no more useful fruit. Kaw,
, stewed, baked or preserved, they are
i wholesome, toothsome and nutritious.
i The fall apples are the most juicy and
t delicious, but do not keep, and for that
> reason have to bft-'sold cheap. Every
i good-sized family should buy a barrel of
i thetn at once for immediate use, ana
. save them from spoiling by eating them
i up A considerable portion of them
i mi^ht also be made into jelly by coring
i them and boiling skin and all. Ked ap.
pies are best for this purpose, as the
color of the skin gives a fine rich tint to
the jelly. A liberal allowance of lemon
! juice should be ndcled to the apple juice
. and an equal weight of sugar, and the
whole boiled into a jelly. It is the
cheapest of all jellies, and remarkably
good when well made. Bought apple
i jelly is not nearly so nice, and can seldom
be relied upon. It is frequently made
i from the refuse of tLe evaporating es>
tablishments, that is, the cores, and
i skins and wormy apples.
? - - n t a. . T A.
\ I i-'or pickles oi au Kinas use me oeei
I cider vinegar and not an acid, vinegar,
i so-called. It cannot be too strong, as it
is weakened when scalded. Unscalded
; vinegar does not keep well with pickles.
JS'ever use a metal vessel in pickling; it
should be either granite ware or porcelain.
tickles should be examined fre;
quently and the soft ones taken out. If
i white specks appear in the vinegar drain
: it off and scald; add a half teacup of
t sugar to each gallon and pour again over
; the pickles. A few bits of horse radish
i or a few cloves added will improve the
All vegetables or fruits for pickling,
i except for sweet pickles, should be
; sound, but not quite ripe. Do not scald
cucumbers, but soak them in salt and
i water. Boiled beets can be pickled
i whole, first removing the outer skin, to
; be Bliced when required. Vegetables
; that require to be boiled or scalded before
t pickling will be whiter if a little lemon
I nr orrPPn orrfinfi iuice is added to the
& ?? e>--r- j #
water, as cabbage, cauliflower, white
beets or onions. For green vegetables
, put a little soda in the water to preserve
" the color. Care should be taken not to
scald too much, or they will be soft and
* Always have the vegetables or fruit
perfectly cold before pouring over the
i vinegar, which should be in all cases very j
A good average of spices to a quart of
i pickles is an even teaspoon each of all[
spice and peppercorns, one-half a teat
spoon of mustard seed, a piece of Jamaica
ginger one inch long ana a tablespoon of
stick cinnamon broken.?Detroit Free |
Use a warm knife in cutting warm ;
| bread and the like.
. A paste of whiting and Denzine win
remove spots from marble.
) A salt ham should be soaked over night
, in plenty of soft water previous to boilJ
I j After wa'hinjj a wooden bowl place it
where it will dry equally on all sides,
. j away from the stove.
, Fruit stains on white goods can be re-1
J moved by pouring boiling waier directly
, from the kettle over the spots.
Hive sirup is good for croup or inflami
mation of the lungs. It miiBt be kept in
a cool place, for if it sours it is very
I If you want poached eggs to look parwi'aa
r*ns\lr oooh i>mr in ft mil till
P llUUiailJf XiiUVi vvva vuvu *u ** ?- ?
j ring placed in the bottom of a sauccpan
, of boiling water.
r A creaking hinge can be cured by the
. use of a black lead pencil of the softest
>' number, the point rubbed into all the
. crevices of the hinge.
Corks may be made air and water tight
by keeping them for five minutes under
. melted paraffine. They must be kept
j down with a wire screen.
For cleaning bra?s use a thin paste of
I plate powder, two tablespoonfuls of vinet
gar, four tablespoonfuls of alcohol. Rub
> with a piece of flannel; polish with
. | chamois.
II Suet should be cooked before it is
- stale. Boil for two or three hours, then j
i | strain through a linen cloth. One-fourth |
| of this fat and three-fourths lard is a
I ! good mixture for frying doughnuts.
Be very particular about disinfecting
the kitchen siuk. Washing soda, two
5 tablespoonfuls to a gallon of boiling
I j water, makes an excellent wash to pour
' I hot into the sink at after you have tin>
j isaed using it.
.! A Friend to Unsuccessful Sportsmen.
Down at the market, says a Boston
5 gossipcr in the American Vu'.tiv-tur,
I there is a facetious dea'er in game, who
t is constantly buying at rhis season of the
year all kinds of beach birds, as well as
1 the usual assortment of partridge, quail
t and woodcock. Although some epicures
J wish their wild fowl rather guiney be)
fore beingcookcd, the dealer only suffers
> a portion of his stock to become so, and
1 has driven a thriving trade in birds that
i j have but just come in. The occupant
f j of ail adjoining stall, whose customers
1 I all l'ke their birds rather "gamey," as it
t is called, was very curious to know how
' it was that the other had such a demand
for fresh birds and obta.ned such superior
prices for them, and as a reward
for his close observations he obtained
the secret the other afternoon, when a
2 bronzed young man, clad in the garb of a
! sportsman, with shoot.ng-,acker, legi
game bag and gun, dropped in
? and was heard to s>ay: "No luck again
on this trip, Mr. . so you'll have to
e | tit me out again with au assortment. I
? i don't propose to be poked fun at when
' i the market can help me out " This is
? j but one of th" goodly array of similar
j j customers which this shrewd and close-'
i mouthed dealer has oa a string.
Twos Raised to Tens.
j? Quite a number of silver certificates
are in circulation in this city which have
been raised from $2 to $l->. The two
. ! large figures on the back have b:-en ob|
literated and the figure "2" on the face
; cut out and a figure "10" inserted, bej
ing held in place by court plaster. Where
s; the word "two" is spel'ca out the last
I two letters are obliterated, leaving only
s the "t." It is well calculated to deceive
' unless the bill is particularly noticed.?
Lurlington Free Press.
Austral la's Rabbit Peat \ I
Mr. James Wataon is making a more
desperate and successful tight against |
the rabbit pest than probably any other
man in Victoria. The best means or ex- ,
terminating the rabbit is the most important
question that now confronts the |
people of Australia. Incredulous a9 it j
seems, a pair of rabbits in Australia will i
produce 2,000,000 rabbits in two years,
kabbits begin to breed when two months !
old, and they give birth to an average
of four litters a year. The litters usually
consist of four does and two bucks
These pests are ruining New South
TIT"" 1 ^ o furxr xioqra qrr a
VY illCB, auu 1UUU lll'lb u *vn j w w-0 ~
was worth $40 per acre, is now worth
only $4. Two years ago Mr. Watson
purchased ODe of the finest estates in
Victoria, consisting of SO, 000 acres,
which had been abandoned on account
of the rabbit pest. Mr. Watson began |
lighting the animals by establishing a 1
rabbit factory upon his property, l ast j
year he canned 000,000 rabbits, all of
which were killed on his land, and that
many more in addition were killed.
The rabbit factory is paying a handsome
profit, but England is the only outside
market, and that is limited.
"You can imagine what a terrible affliction
the rabbits are," s:iia Mr. Watson,
"when the government is building
a fence of wire-netting 8000 miles in
length, which will include Queensland
from New fc'outh Wales. The rabbits
have not obtained a foothold in Queens
land, and the fence ia to prevent them
from getting over. It costs the government
of Victoria $625,000 a year to keep
the rabbits down on the Crown land,
and land-owners are compelled to keep
the animals from increasing on their
property. To do this the owner of
10,uOO acres is required to employ 100
men. Owing to this many are forccd
give up their property, as they cannot
afford the expense. Men who are
experts in killing rabbits make a nice
ttying out of their occupation. The
fovernment pays 10 cents for a pair of
ead rabbits, and good men can make
$10 per week. Three of the best ways
of getting rid of the rabbits are: To
scatter arsenic on fruit on the ground,
by phosphate of oats or by the ordinary
rat trap. The trap is the means most
tronArxllv vised, On? man can work 100
traps, and still this is a \ ery slow way.
The government offers $100,000 for a
menn9 of exterminating the little animal,
and it is partly in hope that Yankee ingenuity
will aid us that I visit ;his
country. Pasteur has recommended the
inoculating of the little animals with
chicken-pox, but the cure is worse than
the disease. I have recently employed a)
man from South America, and he thinks
he will capture the reward by introducing
the South American skunk into
Australia. Twenty years apo we had no
rabbits in our country, but a few were
imported from England for sporting
purposes about the beginning of that
period."?New York World.
The Origin of Tea.
TVio too.nlanf rrroTD fnp ?nHlf>Q9 cprifll. I
A"v e.^? ?
ries in Central Asia, and the guileless
Celestials blandly assert that the drink
was invented by Chin Nong some thousand
years ago. A poetic version make*
it sixteen hundred years ago, and gives
the following account of its earliest appearance:
"in the reign of Yuen Ty in
the dynasty of Tsin, an old woman wa-j
accustomed to proceed every morning at
day break to the market place, cairving
a cup of tea in her hand. The people
bought it eagerly, and from the break of
day to the c ose of evening the cup was
never exhausted. The money received
was distributed among orphans and beg*
ears. The people seized and confined
her in prison. At night she tiew through
the prison windows with her little va~6e
in her hand." If you care to do to you
can read this story and enioy it in the ;
original Ch nase of the "Cha Pu," 01;
"Ancient History of Tea," and will no
doubt find the translation exact.
Tea was not heard of in China again
for three centuries and a half, when a
"1 o hi" priest is said to have advised'
its use as a medicine. In the niDth j
century, an old beggar from Japan took
some of the seed aDd plants back with |
him to his native land. The Japanese !
relished the new drink, and buiit at I
Osaka a temple to the memory of those 1
who introduced it. This temple is still [
standing, though now almost Eeven hundied
years old. Gradually the people of j
Tartar^ and Persia also learned to love '
the drink, and serve it all hoars of the j
The honor of introducing the herb j
into Europe may be considered due [
equally to the Dutch and Portuguese, j
Early in the seventeenth century tea be- j
came known among "persons of quality" !
in Europe, and in i t?u2 some Dutch
traders carried a quantity of sage (which
was then used to make a drink popular .
in Europe) to China, and by some in-! I
genious device succeeded in making the I
almond-eyed tea-drinkers think it a fair j
exchange for an equal quantity of very j
good tea, which wa9 brought home in j
tafetv and without the loss of a single j
Dutchman. ?St. Nicholas.
The King^ of the Chicago Wheat Pit..
B. P. Hutchinson was born near Dan- I
vers, Mass., in .182?, and started in li e |
on a farm. Agriculture not be ng to
his likinc, he went to Lynn, and after;
mastering the making of shoes started a
factory. He failed in 1S ?7 and then
turned his face to the West, locating in
Milwnukee. The town being too slow
for him, he came to Chicago in 18 >9 and
went on the Board of Trade, his membership
costing him In a year or so
he was worth *150,1)00 and had paid
every debt he owed in Lynn. He is a
man of keen foresight, indomitable will,
great courage an'I boundless nerve,
carincr for no one, and intent only on
making money. He has helped many a
man on the Board, though his philanthropy
has alwayk inured to his financial
benefit. He has two sons. Charles ! .?
J resident of the Board of Trade, and
Isaac, and lives at the Century Club, an
institution opposite the Hoard of Trade,,
founded and arranged by himself. Ho
cares for nothing save business, and detests
social frivolities. He is worth
Erobably $10,00 ',00 '.one-tenth of which
as been made withiu the past week.?
How a "Jlob'' Kobs Banks.
"A 'mob"' said a New York detective I
to a Wor d reporter, "consists usually of j
two men. One of them is known as the J
'stall' and the other the 'sneak.' The |
cashier of the bank who usually faces |
the inclo.itlie behind which the clerks I
are at work, can be made to turn in his i
chair by the 'stall,' who will pretend to
be deaf, and while talking about opening
an account will lean over so as t<*
get the cashiery eyes away Irom the
front of the building. In an instant the
'sneak,' wilh a pen uehind his ear and.
ink on his fingers, perhaps wearing am
inky office coat, is behind the railing,
having entered thmuuh the cashier's
room. lie is skilful in turuing rapidly
so that his face is not seen, and knowing
exactly where the money is located 1
that he covets, he has it under hit coat
and is out of the incisure and out of
the building before any one knows even
that he was there."
'-io'/ S Vt-rV ' r=/v,.:7.-vc
' 'i " 'T ': .' *; <
"DOCTORING OLD TIME."
A Striking Picture?A Revival of Old
In one of Harper's issues is given a very
fine illustration of Roberts's celebrated painting,
known as "Doctoring Old Time." It
represents a typical old-timer, with his bellows,
blowing the dust from an ancient
clock, with its cords and weights carefully
secured. One of these clocks in this generation
is appreciated only as a rare relic.
The suggestive name, "Doctoring Old
Time," brings to our mind another version of (
the title, used for another purpose?"Old
We learn, through a reliable source, that
one of the enterprising proprietary medicine
firms of the country has been for years investigating
the formulas and medical preparations
used in the beginning of this century,
and even before, with a view of ascertaining
why people in our great-grandfathers'
time enjoyed a health ana physical vigor so
Beldom found in the present generation. They
now think they have secured the secret or
secrets. They find thatthe prevailing opinion
that then existed, that "Nature has a remedy
tor every existing disorder," was true, and
acting under this belief, our grandparents
used the common herbs and plants. Continual
trespass upon the forest domain has
J-'l 1 1?1 1 1 V,??
in&ue LlintU lierus it?.i uuuiiuauv auu uoo ui > imu
them further from civilization, until they
have been discarded as remedial agents because
of tbe difficulty of obtaining them.
H. H. Warner, proprietor or Warner'i
safe cure and founder of the Warner observatory,
Rochester, N. Y.t has been p easing
investigations in this direction, into the
annals of old family histories, until he has
secured some very valuable formulas, from
which his firm is novr preparing medicines,
to be sold by all druggists.
They will, we learn, be known under the
general title of "Warner's Loj Cabin remedies."
Among those medicines will be
"sarsaparilla," for the blood and liver, "Log
Cabin hops and buchu remedy;" for the
stomach, eta, "Log Cabin couch and consumption
remedy," "Log Cabin nair tonic,"
"Log Cabin extract,'' for internal and external
use, and an old valuable discovery for
catarrh, called "Log Cabin rose cream."
Among the list is also a "Log Cabin Plaster,"
and a "Log Cabin liver pilL"
From the number of remedies, it will be
seen that they do not propose to cure all
diseases with one preparation. It is believed
lay many that with these remedies a new era
is rinwti nnon siiffprinff' hnmanitv and that
the close of the nineteenth century will t-oe
these roots and herbs, ns compounded under
the title of Wnrner's Log Cabin remedies, as
popular as they were at ita beginning.
Although they come in the form of
proprietary medicines, yet they will be
none the leas welcome, for suffering
humanity has become tired of
modern doctoring and the public
has great confidence in any remedies put up
by the firm of which H. H. Warner is the
head. The people have become suspicious of
the effect* of doctoring with poisonous drugs.
Few realize the injurious effects following
the prescriptions of many modern physicians.
These effects of poisonous drugs, already
prominent, will become more pronounced in
coming generations. Therefore we can cordially
wish the old-fashioned new remedies
the best of success.
A Man Drowned In a Beer Glass.
A man in Trenton, N. J., was recently
drowned in a beer glass. He had been
drinking bard and was well under alcoholic
influence, when he entered a saloon
and ordered a glass of beer, which wag
brought him. He sat down at a table!
and fell into a stupor, his head dropping
forward into the glass before him. When
the barkeeper tried to arouse him half
an hour later it was found that he was
floor} Ilia nnap ViPincr immfiPSed in the
liquor in such a way that respiration
was completely stopped.?Chicago News.
Not to be Intimidated.
A country editor thus dashes tha
hopes of those patrons who believed
they could control his course by threats
cf withdrawal of patronage:
We don't belong to our patrons,
Our paper is wholly our own;
Whoever may like it may take it,
Who don't, may just let it alona
Miss Anna Dickinson is always happy
when making political speeches.
Allcock's are the only genuine Porous Plasters.
They act quickly and with certainty,
and can be worn for weeks without causing
pain or inconvenience. They are invaluable in
cases of Spinal Weakness, Kidney and Pulmonary
Difficulties, Malaria, Ague Cake, Liver
Complaint, Dyspepsia, Strains, Rheumatism,
Lumbago, Sciatica, Heart, Spleen and Stomach
Troubles, and all local pains.
Beware of imitations, and do not be deceived
by misrepresentation. Ask for ALLCOCK'8,and
let do explanation or sojicuu.liuu uuuw JUU w
accept a substitute.
Two young women who took a medical course
bave opened a drug sto: e at Buffalo.
W. L. Douglas, the best known shoe manufacturer
In the world, was born at Plymouth,
Mass., August 22, 1846. When he was seven
years old he was bound out to learn the shoemaking
trade. His early life was a hard one,
bui he did not complain. He had an ambition
to be master of his trade: he worked hard and
learned all he could. Having saved a little
money by hard work at the bench he began to
manufacture shoes at Brockton, Mas<., July 6,
1870. His knowledge of the business gave him
a great advantage over his competitors. He
worked hard ana saved his money; his business
began to increase and in May, 1883, his advertisement
first appeared in the papers, advertising
W. L. Douglas $3 Shoe. He has since
added several other kinds, which he describes
in his advertisement that appears in this paper
from time to time. It is a fact known by those
who wear his shoes that he gives more value
for the money than any other shoe manufacturer.
W. L. Douglas's factory is 428 feet long.
80 feet wide, thr-e stories high; he employs 300
workmen with a pay roll of $4000 per week.
His sales are 1800 pairs per day; his business is
increasing very rapidfy and will reach over
$1,000,000 this year. He pays the highest wages
paid in the city, and is highly regarded by those
who work for him. If you are in want of a
r>oir nf qhrv>a it. will nn v vnu to cro to vour dealer
and examine a pair before you buy any other
make. There is one thing certain, you will
find his shoes the best value for the price, and
free from shoddy. W. L. Douglas built up his
reputation by making honest shoes.
Reccnt experiments in England demonstrate
that locomotives can be used for towing boats
From Republican Headquarters.
Moravia, N. Y., May 5, 18S7.?0. F. Woodward:
I have been using Kemp's Balsam and
I find it very effectual in relieving a cough
witTi which I have been afflicted of late. Our
dru^ists tell me they sell more of this than any
other cough remedy. I can cheerfully recommend
it. Yours Truly, J. J. Pease, Editor Republican.
At all druggists'. Large bottles, 60c
The fresh fruit crop of California this season
has an estimated value of $10,000,000.
For Rlcket?, iUarasmuH, and Wasting Disorder*
of Children, '
Scott's Emulsion of Pure Cod Liver Oil with
Hypophosphites is unequale f. The rapidity
with which eh ldren gain flesh and strength
upon it is very wonderful. Read the o lowing
"I have used Scott's Em lsio in eases of
Rickets and Marasmus of Jong standing, nnd
i ave been mo. e than pleased with ttie resu ts,
as in every ca<e the improvement was
marked.1'?J. M Main-, M.D., New York.
Congressman Hopkins, of Illinois, writes
with his left hand.
It is a significant fact that most of the women
who have achieved fame in art,literature,
or "affairs,"' have enjoyed vigorous health.
This shows that the mind is never capable ol
the severe and continued application necessary
to creative work, unless the body is at its best.
The woman who aspires to lillan exalted place
among her as.-ociates, mu:<t bo free from nervous
debility and female weakness. l)r. Pierce's
Favorite Prescription will banish these, and U
is warranted to restore those lunctional harmonies
which are indispensable to health. As
a specific for all those chronic weaknesses and
ailments peculiar to women, it is unenualed.
Thirty million trees have been planted in
Kansas this year.
(ireai Little Men.
Some of the greatest men that ever lived
wereof small stature and insignificant appearance.
The reader will readily recall many instances.
Very small are Dr. Pierce's Pleasant
Purgative Pellets, but they are far more effective
than the huge, old-fashioned pills which
are so difficult to swallow and so harsh in their
action. The "Pellets" are gentle and never
cause constipation. For liver, stomach and
bowel derangements they have no equal.
Rournania has a good wheat crop of 1883, and
will be able to export 3,000,003 quarters.
Bronchitis is cured by frequent email dose
of PIbo's Cure for Consumption.
. iv. .. .vusfciS, "iicfiv . V/'. V: ,
The Com mo a Lot.
There Is a plaoe no love.can reach,
There is a time no voice can teach.
There is a chain no power can break.
There is a sleep no sound can wake.
Sooner or later that time will arrive, tbat
place will wait for your coming.that chain must
bind you in helpless death, that sleep must fall
on your senses. But thousands every year go
untimely to their fate, and thousands more
lengthen out tneiraayn oy uc?uiui,uuit:iy cmc.
For the failing strength.the weakening organs,
the wasting blood. Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
Discovery is a wonderful restorative and a prolonger
of strength and life. It purifies the blood
and invigorates the svstem, thereby fortifying
it against disease. Of druggists.
Russia has a good wheat crop, hut a rather
deficient rye crop.
Cure warranted?asthma, bronchitis, cough,
croup. Use Fontaine's Cure and Liniment.
For Stablemen Stockmen, |
THE OBXATI3T BKVEDY KNOWN FOB HOBM
AMD CATTLE S1SEASK.
Cut*, Swelling*, Brnlnei, 8praln?, Gull*,
gfratng, Lameness, Ktlffnen, Cracked
Heels, Scratches, Contraction*. Fleah
Wound*, Strlnghalt, Sore Throat,
Dlitenper, Colic, Whitlow, Poll
Evil, Fistula, Tumor*, Splint*, Ring>
bonaa and Spavin in It* early iticei.
Apply St. Jacobs Oil in accordance
witli the direction* with each bottle.
Sold by Dnujffifts and Dettfert Everywhere.
riin Charln* A. Voyrelcr Co.. nalto.. Bid.
a positive eras rot nrsiszsTioir ass all
I torn*eh Troablu Artitnf Thortfrom.
Four Dniggitt or General JJealer iciQ get Verrf
<X.ru for you if not already in tioc.:, or it will be
Bent by mail on receipt of '& ctt. (5 boxes $1.00) ta
ttampt. Sample sent on receipt (if '2,cent tlamp.
THE CHARLES A. VOGELER CO.. Biltlmori. Hd.
Salt l'rojirldWri and AI*n?i*eiarw?.
tLoo Cabins were not
hot-houses and the people
who dwelt in them were
not hot-house growths.
They were a hardy, healthy
generation and the rem^;
edies used were simple
1 ' preparations reproduced in
Warner's Log Cabin Cough and Consumption
Remedy and Warner's "Tippecanoe,"
the great stomach tonic.
i . j>g/?y^7CT7;,,, i ,)~u
Mns. Sands. ? "Oh, I know! It is
easy to say 'don't let them read such
trash,' but how do you know just what
books to put in the hands of your girls?
You certainly have no more time than I,
yet you always seem to know exactly the
right thing to do."
FitiEND.?"Well, Sarah, in this instance
I get my information from Demorest's
Monthly Magazine. They are now
publishing some capital articles on the
subject of 'heading for Girls;' and now
that you speak of it, I will let you into a
little secret. You always say that I * n
so well up on the matters of the day, and
t it -t f ^ fa t
| JL reany iniuit jl aui; ycv vuc mvii xo, x
j only get time to read my magazine, but
when I have finished it I know pretty
much what is going, as in DemoreiV* they
do seem to cover the ground on all subjects
that each member of my family is
interested in. Why, John is as anxious
each montli for it to arrive a* I am. Why
| don't you send to the office of pubI
lication, 15 East 14 th street, New
| York, for a specimen number? You will
| certainly lose nothing, for each number
of the magazine contains a "r'attern
Order," entitling the holder (free) to
?nu naffain ahft mftv select. That alone
, m**j ? J - I
: will be worth tfO cents to you."
I ELY'S CREAM BAH |
I iBfoS||lcOI,I) IN HEAD
I uSjELY BROS.. 06 Warren St.,,N. Y
IP THERE IS
sour eructations, pain and distention, you I
know that the food is fermenting, not digest- '
ing. Clean the mucous linings by using
Mandrake as compounded in Dr. Schenck's
Mandrake Pills. This not only cleanses the
surfaces but sets the secretions going and
improves their quality so that there will be
no more sourness.
has a hundred shapes. Always painful and
distressing. The Stomach must be treated
carefully and persistently. For this purpose
there is nothing in nature like Mandrake.
Dr. Schenck's Mandrake Pills never faiL^
A dangerous condition of bowels, leading to
inflammation, piles, rupture, hemorrhage.
Due to bad digestion. Never was a c^se
that the Mandrake Pills would not cure.
And so of t
and painful irregularity of bowels owing to
the irritation of the mucous linings by the
passage of sour and indigested food. Cleanse
1 lL- on/1 C4?#? hat fhft
ana soouic iuc ?? ?
stomach stops imposing on the bowels.
Schenck's Mandrake Pills are sovereign.
For ftnln l>y all Dru(r(?tata. Priro 2-5 eta. per boxj
3 Im>xen fur H5 cm.; or Pent by mail, po*1ag6 fro?
4oa receipt of price. Dr. J. li. Sckenck & Son ^hllt.
FinRinA homes raise Oranges, hemI
laVlllVli on!i, i!anunan. Strawberries,
fine-apples, Klce; Potatoes and Garden Truck to sell
in Jan.. Feb. and March-.Krandplaceforchickensand
bees; plenty of Knir.e and fish: taxes liKlit; no malaria:
(rood water: church and school facilities. If you can't
coinenow, secure woodland near railroad; cash or in?
staliuents: all particulars in "THE Okakoe Ubove"
monthlv. a year, or a dime for sample. Good land
in healthy locations nt reasonable prices. Household
(supplies very reasonable. Keferencett (riven.
J. CROSS. Manager The Orantfu Grove Agency,
i.ivcrp.ol, l)c_>ot? O0.1 t* UlltlUA.
BEST IN THE WOULD UllLHOt
fW Get the Genuine. Sold Everywhere.
ODHIM UAR1T faintly mred in 10 to x
? lllrfl HHOi I Days. Sanitarium or Homa 1
Treatment. Trial Free. No Cure. No Pay. The ,
namnue Ri mnlr Ca., l,a Faveitr. Ind. j
linUC STI'DY. Book-keepinir.BusinessForma, 1
K UiTIU ienmni?h;p, Arithmetic, Short-hand, etc., 1
IB thoroughly taUKtat by MAIL. Circular* free. :
Brynnt'x Collcax, 437 Main St.. buffalo, N. Y.
McCormiel: ,v S< n>>.\Va?<Uinjri?'t>. P.c. .v t'iii.-innst'. O.
uiifiJJTr^.<t|-V A ''A 1? >1 In ilt s ;ocp.;:ty. |
SlilfS 1 CW Cr-rtis A: Wrliriit. -It.'J U road way.N. V. j
A (cents wanted. 81 an hour. 60 new articles. Cat'ltruo i
and sampl' s free. C. F. Marshall. I.ockport, N Y. |
HAf n I.Itc it borne and make nu-rrmoney wor'r.injr for u? tlins !
WO SOI it inTthinircli* in the worl?! Kitlirr c'niKty outfit '
riikii. Ttnni AtUn*?., T:tl't& t'o.. .Vu^ucra. Maine.
'J- DSIIa Treat English Gout and
KluSl 5 rillSa Rheumatic Remedy.
Ul Ova llox, 341 round, 14 Pills. I
The mini who lias invested tru:u three A
to f'.vo dollars in a Kubber Omit, anil t
at his tint half hour's experience in % M m
a storm finds to his sorrow that it la UM
hardly a better protection than a moi- WW
qnlto netting, not only feels chagrined ' w
at being so bsdly taken in, but also IJ 1 9
feels if he does not look exaetl) iiko Bern pi
Ask lor the "FISH 1JUANI)" Si ickkr 18 to
does not have the Klstii hhaki>, send for descriptive cs
??< ajs sjs ^ tjt sJs sjs 1J4 sj|s ^4 sjfl ijs ^
' ' , .IFi.'.'s/jSC.-. jwjseK " af 53
i" i mn ii .in mm am ?">?r
| Cares & Pwndti
llVmVw Sore Throat,
n^i.k rri > wr
vguitAcr man auj jvnonn nciacmj.
No matter how violent or excrudatinj? the mix tttf
Rheumatic, Bedridden, Infirm. Crippled, Nrr*am, \
Neuralgic, or prostrated with diseases may *uff?r.
Radway's Ready Relief
Wll, Afford Instant Eu?.
WTEKUALLT?A half to a teaspoonfnl IB halt t
tnmbler of water will in a few minute* cure Crm
Bp.ttims, 80ur Stomach, Nausea. Vomltimt, Hrmrtbum.
h'ervoufuoHH, Sleeplessness. Sick Headacfc^
! Diarrhoea, Colic, Flatulency and all Internal pais*.
Malaria in Its various forms cured and pcwveoML
I There is not a remedial went in the world M
will cure Fever and Ague and all other fevers till 11
by RADWAY'8 PILlS) 10 quickly aa BADWATl
ACHE8 AND PAIN8.
For headache (whether sick or nervous), I inlTisilw.
neuralgia, rheumatism, lumbago, pains and ? !qcss
in the back, spine or kidneys, pains around tkf
liver, pleurisy, swelling of the joints and pains of aq
kinds, the application of Had way's Heady Belief wll
afford immediate ease, and its continued usa for a
few days effect a permanent core. Price, EOoaata.
Soldby all druggists.
TSe Great Liver and Stomacli ReneJr,
For the cure of all dlsoTden of the Stomach. liML
Bowel*, Kidneys, Bladder, Nervous Disease*. Looa m
Appetite, Headache, Constipation. Costiveneaa, Indirection,
Blliounne*?, Fever, Inflammation of tfcs
Bowels, Pilot and all derangement* of the Intcnal
Viscera. Purely vegetable, containing no jnacnift
minerals, or deleterious drug*. . < /?
PERFECT DIGESTION ,
Pills. By ?o doing . . ;
Dyspepsia, Foul Stomach. Bilioupness, will b?iavaM?
eel, as the rood that la eaten contributes its nonrlJl
lng properties for the support of the natural
of the holy.
OrObserve the following symptom* resullla*
from Disease of the Digestive Organs: Conntipaik*,
Inward Piles, Fullness of the Blood in the HcaiL
Acidity of the Stomach. Nausea. Heartburn, Dtaw
of Food, Fullnnm or Weight in the StomachTSorav
Eructation*, Sinking or Fluttering of the Heart,
Choking or Suflocating Sensation* when in a lylns
poeture, Dimnesa of Vision, Dots or Webs befamtfca
Sight, Fever and Dull Pain In the Head, VcJS.atmt&
of Perspiration, Yeliownees of the Skin anAmi - > .
Fain in the 8ide. Chbst. Limbs, and Sadden FIbmmb
of Heat, Burning in the Flesh.
Afewdoees or K A I) WAY'S PILLS win fBw
the system of all the above named disorders. ,
Price 'Z5 ct?. per box. -Sold by all druggists
8end a letter stamp to |)K. RAO WA V 6c CO*
Mo. 3'i Warren Street. New York. tVInfooMttM
worth thousand* will be sent to you.
TO THE PUBLIC. Be sure and ask for BADWATB
and see that tho name "BADWAY" la on what ywa
N Y N u?4i
Beware of Fraud, as my name and the prtaa
are stamped on liie bottom of all my adveit)?*
shoes before leaving the factory, which protect
the wearers against filch prices and Inferior '1
If a dealer oife.-a W. L. Douglas shoes at a i?
duced price, or says he lias tliem witbent njr Ml
and price 8umpw tbv OC^^, pul mill uuwmm
W. L. DOUGLAS
$3 SHOE. OENTlEKKBi
The only calf S3 SEAMLESS Shoe mM
Inside. NO TAGKS or WAITHBBADJf
hurt the feet, easy as hand-sewed and VyllX
W. L. DOUGLAS 84 8HOE, the origftHl
and onlv hund-suwed welt $4 shoe. Equate CM?
tom-maile shoes costing from 88 to $9.
W. L. DOUGLAS 83.B0 POLICE 8HOK. *.
Railroad Men and Letter Carriers all wear them.
Smooth Inside as a Hand-Sewed Shoe. 2?o Tacks
or Wax Thread to hurt the feet.
TV. L. DOUGLAS 82.BOSHOE is uncaiM
lor lieavy wear. Best Calf Shoe for I he price.
\Y. L. DOPfiLAS B2.2& "WORKWOMAN'S
SHOE Is the best in the world tor
rough wear: one'nait ought to wear a man a .
W. L. DOUGLAS 82 SHOE FOR BOW
Is the best School Slioe in the world.
W. L. DOUGLAS 81.75 YOUTH'S Sclml
Shoe (rives the small Boy? a chance to weartfca
best shoes in the world. __ ...
AH made In Congress, Button and Lace. If mm
cold bv vour dealer, write W. L. DOUQT H
CURES WHERE ALL ELSE EAII& Q
M Bwt Cough Sjrrup. Tasteagooa. Uto a
(Si In time. Sold by drufrciit*.
8 I believe Piso's Care 8
for Consumption saved I
M mv life.?a. h. Dow ell,
I Editor Enquirer. Eden
? Consumption. Children
Ed In time. Sold by druggtota. El
Any book learned In one reading*
iMInd wandering cured.
Speaking without Mote*.
Wholly unlike artificial system*.
Piracy condemned by Supreme Court.
Great inducements to convy>oni1rnce claaaet
Prospectus, with opinions of I)r. Win. A Haa>
mond. the wnrM-fcnvd Specialist <n Mind dimm,
liauiel (Jreenleaf Thompson, theiro-at Psvcbolojrist.
J. .H. Huchley, D. D., EJitorof the Ckfiatian
Adcovat*. It chart Proctor the Sdentiat
and others. *entjx>nt free by
PROF. A. X.OrsKTTE. 237 Fifth Ave.. New York
V, e wan* ? c"i? man r vo?? ic; i?
/or ns. Cash Furnished on farisfactory irnaranty
Addies? C. S. I'aoe. Ilydc Pi rk, Vcrino::t, U. 9.
ftp l? 8S n dnr. Samples worth $1.SO Fag*
A W Lines not under the horse's feet. Write
W if Ere water Safety ltcin Holder Co., Holley. JGefc.
fit We orter the man who wants service
(not ityle) a garment that will ke^
!? him dry in the hardest strain. It to
|CT called TOWER'S FISH BRAND
?. E " SLICKER," a name familiar to cveiy
m Cow-boy all over Hie land. With than
EtiB m the only perfect W nd and Waterproof
jin gaj Ciutii^i'titviT^ Fish Brand Slicker.*
in 19 ? and take miotlierT-It youritorekeeper
tiUopue. A.J. ToWK.it. JO Simmons St.. Boston. Man.