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"IT COULD NOT HAPPEN NOW."
Ere country ways had turned to street,
And long ere wo were born,
A lad and lass would chance to meet, .
Some merry April mora:
The willows bowed to nudge the brook,
The cowslips no Ided say,
And he would look, and she would look,
And both would look away.
Yet each?and this is so absurd?
Would dream about the other,
And she would never breathe a word
To that good dame, her mother.
Our girls are wiser now.
'Twas very quaint, 'twas very strange,
Extremely strange, you must allow.
Dear me! how modes and customs change!
It could not happen now.
Next day tbat idle, naughty lass
Would rearrange her hair,
And ponder long before the glass
Which bow she ought to wear;
And often she'd neglect her task,
And seldom care to chat,
And make her mother frown, and ask:
*" wny ao you diusu hko iu?i>rAnd
now she'd h iunt with footsteps slow
That mead with cowslips yellow,
Down which sho met a week ago
That stupid, staring fellow.
Our girls are wiser now.
'Twas very quaint, 'twas very strange,
Extremely strange, you must allow.
Dear me! how modes and customs change!
It could not happen now.
And as for him, that foolish lad,
He'd hardly close an eye,
And look so woe-begone and sad,
And make his mother cry.
" He goes,'' she'd say. "from bad to worse!
My boy, so blithe and brave.
Last night I found him writing verse
About a lonely grave!"
And, lo! next d:iy her nerves he'd shock
With laugh and song and caper;
And there!?she'd find a golden lock
Wrapped up in tissue paper.
Our boys are wiser now.
'Twas very quaint, 'twas very strange,
Extremely strange, you must allow.
Dear me! how modes and customs change!
It could not happen now. j
?Frederick Langbridge, in Good Words.
Old Siegel and His Son,
BY TFIE MARQUIS OF LORXE. <
Many years ago, while making a tour j ^
through that beautiful tract ol mountain
scenery in the south of .Bavaria known j '
as the Saltzgammergut, I stayed for a
fortnight at Berchcesgaden. I spent;]
much of my time there in fishing for J
grayling and in talking to the chamois- !
hunters, with many of whom I hid made 1
acquaintance during a previous visit. I I
used often to sit for hours listening to 1
their hunting-stories, and on one occasion j'
I hunted with them. '1
The mountains immediately around 1
Berchtesgaden are kept as a royal i
chamois preserve, and as the King wa3 1
expected to arrive shortly, none but his '
Majesty's own jagers were allowed, dur- i (
iDg the time I was there, to disturb the '
I was, however, very anxious to have j
at least one day's sport, and arranged 1
with old Siegel and his son Franz, \
zhamois-hunters whom I had known for 1
some time,and on whom I could depend,
to have a "jagd" on the morrow. Siegel *
persuaded Getting, a friend of his, to :
rnrr.A with lis, 1
We started early in the morning, and
after toiling for several hour? up through
the dark pine woods, which became more
scant and scrubby the higher we went,
emerged at last on the open snow- '
We new separated; Franz and Gotting '
made a long detour to the left, while '
Siegel and 1 hastened on to reach some
commanding position above, in case any .
chamois were driven up. After au hour's :
more climbing, we halted on the top of !
a precipice, which, shaped in the form J
of a crescent, made a complete cul de !
sac for any chamois driven up by our '
friends below. I
We had hadly been watching ten minutes
when two chamois appeared in ^
sight, bounding up the mountain-side '
and coming directly toward us. When !
the foremost had come within range, I
fired and mi-sed, as most men would 1
i have done, tiring as I did at so small an '
object from a height almost perpendicu- .
larly above it.
The beasts turned, and springing with '
wonderful speed over the sharp rocks, |
were soon out of sight. I fired a second 1
shot just aa they were disappearing, j
and think I struck one of them, but it
contrived to get away, and we never '
eaw it again.
Siegel and I, somewhat crestfallen, !
trudged on up the mountain, keeping a '
sharp lookout on all sides, and halting
now and then to give the others time to j
Suddenly we hearil, far tiown below J
us, a shot, and then all was again silent.
We were much surprised, as it is one of '
the first rules in this kind of hunting
never, except when absolutely necessary,
even to raise the voice, much less, of
course, to fire a rifle, which scares the !
We knew that Gotting and Franz, di- 1
rectly below us as they were, could not (
possibly have seen a chamois, as our
shots must have driven them quite out of ;
.reach. After a minute's anxious listen i!
ing, we fancied we heard shouts, and :
fearing we knew not what, called loudly '
"We then heard?and this time quite j
distinctly?the voice of Gotting saying:
"Come down! come down! It's all over!
Franz has shot himself!"
Siegel and I were standing together 1
ankle deep in the snow. I glanced into
his face, and I think I shall never forget
the look of misery I saw there. Be- '
fore I knew what he was about, he had 1
seized his rilie. and presented the muzzle
to his head, and was feeling with his .
foot in a frenzied manner for the trigger.
I snatched the piece away just in time;
he did not try to recover it, but throw- 1
ing himself on the snow, burst into a
most passionate, most elouuent torrent of
prai-e of his son's many virtues. He told
me what a good son he had always been
to him, anxious to fulfil his slghtest
I at length succeeded in partially
soothing him, and in rousing him to action.
\Ve scrambled down as fast as we
could, guided by (Jotting's shouts.
It was a long time before wc rcached
them; to me it seemed au age. I accused
myself of being the author of all
th:s misery, and my anxiety was heightened
by ihe reflection that vrc were in
reality poaching, and we should very
likely, in consequence of this misfortuneget
into trouble on our return.
We found poor Fran/, lying shot
through the back and in trreat pain
among stunted "Knie-lxolz"?a plant
something like our whinbusli. It appeared
that he hud, contrary to all jager
rules, carried his rifle capped, and that
in walkiug through the knie-hol/, he
had stumbled and fallen, and his rifle had
somehow or other exploded, causing a
We stanched the blood as well as we
could with our handkerchiefs, aud then
held a consultation. Gotting said he
knew of a chalet some way off t? which
he thought we might manage to carry
I lifted him up as carefully as possible,
and -walked for some way over the
abominable knie-holz, which threatened
to trip one up every moment I managed,
I think, to go about two hundred
yards with my burden, and then, exhausted,
had to lay him down. His
father tried to ca-ry him next, but unnerved
and half-blinded by his tears,
had also soon to give it up.
Gotting was the only one of the party
who could carry Franz for any great
length of time over the rough ground we
were now compelled to traverse; he was
a small man, but seemed to be all wire
It was, however, evideut that the slow
pace we were obliged to go we should
never, even if we knew the exact direction?which,
by the way, none of us did
?get to the chalct before nightfall.
Some other arrangement must be made.
Gotting proposed that he should stay
with the wounded man, while Siegel
and I should go forward and attempt to
reach the chalet. Gotting was the only
one of the party who had ever been
there, and that was years before. He
gave us directions how to find it.
We were to pass to the right or left of
certain peaks lie pointed out to us, and
then he said we should see a large field
,1 il. ~
of snow, we were to cross tms, auu wc
(halet was in a hollow about half a mile
above and to the left.
Well, we started?Siegel and I?leaving
all the provisions except a few sandwiches
with Franz and Gotting. A
weary walk brought us to the peak
where, according to Gotting, we were
to see the snow field. Hut there was
nothing of the sort there; peak rose
upon peak, but there was no great, level
snow-tield stretching away at our feet,
such as he had described.
We looked at each other in dismay.
To add to our distress, the weather,
which had hitherto been beautiful, began
to get overcast. Light wreaths of
mist were setting on the highest summits
of the mountain, sure signs of a coming
However, there was no use in going
back. We should perhaps not be able
to find Franz and Gottiug again if, bewildered
as we now were, we attempted
L ~ ?4-V*ftm Dnr nnl v r?ViflnoP
ll> yeo uttuiv iu wbui, v?.? .j
Tired and dispirited we walked on,
turning around only to look at the gathering
clouds which were now piling
themselves dark and threatening oehind
us. The wind, too, began to rise. AVe
determined to yo downward; indeed, we
were too much exhausted to go auy
higher, or waste any more time in looking
for the chalet.
The ground seemed tc get more rough
the lower we went, and the tremendous
justs of wind which whistled round us
made the descent most dangerous,
areat, spattering raindrops no\r began
to fall and we halted on a ledge of rock,
utterly worn out.
The storm increased and in a short
time was at its height. The rain
lame down in torrents, completely
irenching us. The lightning with
blinding i'ashes played allarounci,iiissing
md illumining for an instant tho awful
grandeur of the scene, while the thunder
pealed and crashed overhead, each crag
ind wall of rock echoing the sound and |
increasing it an hundred-fold.
We had thrown our rilles away, afraid
;hat the lightning would strike them,
ind stood waiting for the storm to
ib.ite. When we resumed our decent
(ve were trembling with cold in every
limb. The air, which was warm enough
jcfore, was now piercingly gold and the
sviud drove snow and bits of ice against
)ur faces with blinding force.
I went first, and for a long time neithei
>f us spoke. Only when a particularly
:langerous place was crossed I gave tho
tvarning "Look to the right!" or "To
ihe left." as the case mifijht be.
Spiegel led the way when I was tired,
md thus wo proceeded with greatest
caution, as a false step would have been
i!most certain death, till we got to more
Here we again encountered thickets of
icnie-holz. We were already f-ongratu- 1
lating ourselves on having got ihe worst
aver, when we were suddenly stopped by
i precipice or "Wand," down .vhich it
would have been impossible f >r a goat
to go. It was a sheer descent <>f at least
This was a dreadful disappointment.
We walked along the edge for some way,
jut as far as we could see the Wand ex-1
-1 / ?i._ T L.J .1 J - 1
icnueu ior mues. i uau sureuuy imunu
myself on the ground and had given up
ill hopes of liferwhen a shoutfrom Siegel
who had gone on a little way, made me
jnce more spring to my feet.
I hastened to him. He was standing
:>ver a narrow hole in the rock almost
iiidden by bushes of the knie holz
"We are saved! wc are saved!" he
iricd. He explained to me how, when I
liad given up in despair, he suddenly
thought that he remembered the place
ive were in, and had remembered, too,
that if it were indeed the part of the
mountain he supposed it to be, there
was a circular hole in the rock forming
the Wand by which the chamois hunters
scaled this otherwise inaccessible place.
He had gone on, had found the opening,
und fearful of losing the spot had stood
aver it and called till I came.
We slid safely down this chimney like
hole, which is not much more than
twenty feet in depth, and easily descending
the lower part of the Wand, which
is "here much broken, arrived, famished
and half frozen, at 10 o'clock at night,
at a woodman's hut Siegel knew of in
the valley below. Here wc obtained
warmth and shelter.
Three of the woodmen immediately
started up the mountain and returned in
a few hours with poor Franz, who was
very much exhausted, not so much from
cold?as (.Jotting had contrived to light
a tire, and they had provisions?as from
loss of blood.
I once asked Siegel what he would
have done if he had not found that opening.
"Wc should,'' he said, "Jiavo
struck our alpenstocks into the ground,
walbftfl rnntwl tVw?m ;i 11 tlin
niirlit to keep o.T sleep, which if it conquered
us would, of course, have been
fatal. If we lived till day broke we
should have tried to find our way back
to the others."
Whether we were likely to succeed in
so doinir, cold, hungry and exhausted as
we were, the reader may judge.
As for Franz, lie completely recovered
fro.n his wound, and 1 have hunted
many a time with him since that memorable
day. ? Yuattii Coni/finim.
A New York jeweler has sent some
wonderful brooches to the Paris K'xposition.
They are gold enameled orchids
of tifteen varieties, each as perfec t in its
way as the product of nature. The
stems are made green with emeralds.
The coloring of the leaves is marvelous
beyond description, testifying to the extraordinary
skill of the designer as well
as to the" artistic sense and exquisite
taste of the enameler. Nothing more
beautiful can be imagined than the general
effect of each plant.
A boat-building firm in Passumkeag,
Me., has recently received a large order
lor canoes to be sent to England.
BUDGET OF FUN.
HUMOROUS SKETCHES FROM
Frolicsome Domestics ? Careful of
His Health?Innocence Aloft?
An Unmistakable Evidence
?Nothing New. Etc.
There was laughter and dancing at Hominy
And the ladies were happy?but gayest of
The cook lady was, as she froliced around,
"While the nurse lady scampered with panther-like
The wash laly sat at ease in her chair,
While the lady who cleaned up the rooms
fixed her hair.
But alas for their joy!?it was brief and
For the woman whose servants they were
Careful of His Health.
"Will you have a piece of my pie, Mr.
"Did the doctor say I must?" asked
the invalid, meekly. And the landlady
refused to answer.?IJazir.
Farmer (to a tramp whom he lias sur
prised in a fruit tree)?"What are you
doing up there?"
Tramp?iKl'. Nothing! only hanging
some pears on the tree again that had
fallen down."?Mail and Express.
An Unmistakable Evidence.
"Mr. Bronson must have failed to pay
his bill this week."
"Why do you think that?"
"Why, didn't you notice Mrs. Tompkins
gave him the neck of the turkey at
Mrs. Fangle?"Well, this is strange!"
Mr. Fangle?"What is it, my dear?"
"A man in Taris has taught an ape to
black his shoes."
"Oh, there's nothing remarkable
about that, my dear. I've often heard
Heard in Chicago.
Armour?"I say, Davis, do you remember
when beef was highest?"
Davis?''No, I can't say that I do."
"Why, when 'the cow jumped over
the moon,' of course."?Time.
Limit to His Love.
She?"You are sure you love me?"
He?"Love you? Why, I am ready to
die for you."
She?"When we're married will you
always get up and start the kitcli&n tire if"
He?"Er? cr?pray be reasonable, my
Tenaweek?"Sir, I wish to marry
Gruff Father?"My daughter, young
man, will continue under the parental
Tenaweek?"Xo objection will be
raised to that, sir."?Harper's Bazar.
She Understood Her Business.
Miss Slimdiet?"A new boarder came
while you were out?a young lady."
Mrs. Slimdiet (boarding housekeeper)
? "Is she pretty?"
"Well, in that case put an extra strip
of rag carpet in front of her mirror."?
From One Mystery to Another.
Jones?"Matilda, where is that latch
key I handed you this morning?"
-Mrs. Jones?"In the pocket of my
dress hanging up over there."
.Jones (lire minutes later, desperately)
?"And now, Matilda, will you please
+?11 mo whorp fr> -finH tlifi liocket of TOUT
| dress?"?Mail aw I Express
His Great Compliment.
As they walk home from church Sunday
evening he wants to make the very
best impression.and, after deep thought,
"You don't kuow, Miss Clara, how
becoming darkness is to you!"
Then he wonders at the sudden and
lasting chilliness in her manner.? IFasj?.
Why She Preferred the Tenor.
"So the belle of the choir has married
"I thought she favored the bass."
"Ye?, but she got some high flown
notions into her head and threw over the
bass for the tenor."
"For what reason?"
"Bccause the tenor wa? more high
A Protracted Conversation.
At a party the other evening a gentleman
took his friend up to his mother to
make his adieu.w "I can't wait," he
said, "but as soon as there is a lull in
the conversation you can speak to her."
Two or three hours later he encountered
the friend, looking very dismal, in the
spot where he left him.
"What, unable to tear yourself away,
mumbled the other, "there
hasn't been a lull yet."?Time.
Little Difficulty About That.
Teacher?"A man meeting a farmer
with a drove of sheep said: 'Good
morniug, friend, with your hundred
sheep.1 The farmer replied: 'I have
not a hundred sheep; but if I had so
many more and half as many more and
one sheep and a half, I should have a
hundred.' Now tell me how you would
go to work to find out how many he
Scholar?"Count them. I guess that
would be the quickest way."?Boston
Slie Jumped at the Chance.
Alfonse de Bcriot?"You say you are
I not superstitious, Miss Gushington, but
I would you dare be married on Friday?"
! Miss Gushington?"What! Next
I Friday? Why, dear Alfonse, you are so
| sudden and ro unconventional:"
"You quite misunderstand me. I
, protest?I didn't propose "
' That's all right, Alfonse. You didn't
! propose as they usually do, but I like it
ju?t the >ame. Yes, clear, it shall be 011
Alfo:i?e swoons.?Bo<'on Garette.
Win* Woman Make Poor Engineers.
Blobson?"Ha. ha! Here's an articlc
which says that before the close of the
j nineteenth century we shall sec women
I running locomotive engines on our railroads."
Mrs. Blobson?"Well, why not? Don't
j you think they would make good ones?"
j Mr. Blobson ?"in some resperts, perhaps.
They would keep a good lookout
i ahead, anyway."
Mrs. Blobson?"Why so?"
j Mr. Blobson?"Because they would
i have their heads out of the cab window
1 all the time to show their new bonnets."
?Burlington Free Press.
A Life Debt.
Gertrude?"Clara, I don't know how
- " "V;... ."V;
I shall ever thank you sufficiently for
thai ribbon calender."
Clara? "The idea! such a trifle!"
"Well a 'trifle' if you will, but it
saves me three hours' sleep every night
of my life."
"My dear! What-do you mean?"
"My dear! just what I say. When
Tom, Dick or Harry begins to bore me I
just call attention to and rave over your
lovely gift. Then while it is the subject
of conversation I slip the ribbon to the
next date. Oh! it's effectual. Never
can thank you enough for the idea."?
He Wasn't Tascott.
Hungry Tramp?"Madame, I'm in
great trouble. I can't carry this terrible
secret iu my bosom any longer. I'm
Tascott, the mau that killed Snell, the
millionaire, in Chicago. If you'll give
me a good square meal I'd as soon you'd
get that $50,000 reward as anybody
Lady of the House?"Certainly, come
right in. * * * There's some "soup, a
porterhouse steak, some mashed potato,
' * 3 1 ov*rl n.
I sccwcu corn uuu luiuiji, ....
.vhole mince pie. Kat all you want."
Tramp (after gorging himself to satiety)
?"Thank you, madame; you are very
kind. I feel a great deal better?so well
that 1 guess I can carry my terrible
secret to the next town and work it on
somebody for supper."?Chicago Herald.
Ho Preferred Arrest.
A thief broke into a fine residence
early in the morning and found himself
in the music-room. Hearing footsteps
approaching he hid behind a screen.
From seven to eight o'clock Miss
Laura had a lesson on'the piano.
From eight to nine o'clock the second
daughter took a singing lesson.
From nine to tea o'clo k the eldest
son hail a violin lesson.
From ten to eleven o'clock the other
son took a lesson on the flute.
At eleven o'clock all the brothers and
sisters assembled and studied an earsplitting
piece for piano, violin, flute and
The thief staggered out from behind
the screen at half-past eleven, and, falling
at their feet, cried: "For goodness's
sake, have me arrested, but stop!"?
There was, some time ago, a doctor
whose morning levees were crowded beyond
description. It was his pride and
boast that he could feel his patient's
pulse, look at his tongue, probe at him
with his stethoscope, write his prescription,
pocket his fee, in a space of time
varying from two to live minutes. One
day an army man was shown into the
consulting room, and underwent what
may be called the instantaneous process.
When it was completed the patient
shook hands heartily with the doctor,
and said: "I am especially glad to meet
you, as I have often heard my father,
Colonel Forester, speak of his old friend,
j Dr. L." "What!" exclaimed the doctor,
i "are you Dick Forester's son?" ".Most
J certainly I am." "My dear fellow, fling
that prescription into the fire, and sit
| down quietly and tell me what's the
j matter with you."?Magazine.
: Slightly Disappointed in the Baby.
I "Well, Jimmy," said Mr. Dolan, as
his hopelul came into the shanty, "Oi've
! got great news to tell you."
j "What is it. father?" >
"It's something that will surprise yez
"Don't be afther bcin' so long surprisin'
me, but tell me what the news
"Ye've got a little brother."
"Is that so?"
"lhe same it is. Yez can go into the
ne\t room and make a call oa the new
visitor if ye loikc."
The boy went out and came back after
a short time had clasped with an expression
of mingled pleasure and disappointment
on his face.
"Well, Jimmy," said the paternal Dolan,
"how do you loike yer new broth|
j "Very well, father; but Oi'd much
' rather have got a goat."?Jf> rchant
How He Won Them.
On the rolling prairies. A band of
I cowboys has captured a horse thief.
| Cowboys (in gleeful chorus)?"We've
got you now, you villain, and you are
| going to swing."
They prepare the rope and select a convenient
The Villain?"Hold on, boys. I'll
bet you the drinks you don't stretch my
Cowboys?"Oh! won't we, just?"
Thev liininn his arms.
The \ illam?"I can put you up to
some valuable secrets."
They tie his feet together.
The Villain?"I know where $GO,OOC>
in gold is buried."
They adjust the noose to his neck.
The Villain?"I can put you onto a
new silver mine."
They commence to hoist him up.
The Villain?"And I've got six new
tricks at cards."
Chorus of Voices (excitedly)?"Hold
on! Let him down."
He is let down, released and pardoned.
Oil to Coney Island's Rescue.
An oil man comes to the top with a
1 statement that he can save Coney Island
! from the sea, which is trying hard to
1 steal it. His plan is to place several
j oil tanks on the highest part of the
' island and connect them with pipes j
| which will run along the bottom of the I
| sea a distance of l.jO feet from the beach.
I The tanks are to be tilled with fish or
j crude oil and so regulated that the oil i
can be turned on or off at pleasure. |
! "What next? Oil and electricity seem to |
be overcoming and controling the forces j
j of nature in a way likely to mange tnc
I entire coursc of existence. This Coney
; Island protective scheme is not alto,
gether chimerical. It may seem fantastic j
, at lirst thought, but in the face of recent j
1 practi al tests there can he no doubt ;
that oil of the light quality properly j
' used will smooth a rough sen and render !
1 it harmless. Coney Island must be .
saved. Breakwaters have fa led to cheek
the ravages of old ocean. Bring on the
! oil.?Sew Yor!c Tri une.
Various Locations of the Capital.
Tbe Capital of the United State? lias
been lo ated at different times at the '
! following places: At Philadelphia from J
September 5, 177!, until December, i
, 1770; at Baltimore from December 20. j
1770, to .March, 1177; at Philadelphia I
from March !, 1777, to September, 1.77; j
at Lancaster, Penn., from September 27, ,
j 1777, to September :.0, 1777; at York, j
! Penn., from September :;0, 1777,to July, i
177S; at Philadelphia from .July 2,1778; j
to .Juno uO, 178:,'; at Princeton, N. J., 1
June :50, 178-, to November 20, 1783; I
Annapolis, -Aid., November, 20, 1783, to |
j November :'0, 17S4; Trenton from No- i
vember, 1784, to Janua.y, 17So; New j
York from .January 11, 17S5, to 17'.I0;
then the seat of government was re- j
moved to Philadelphia, where it remained
until 1800, since which time it
I has beea at Washington.
-a,- . A- > ICUBATORS!
SOMETHING ABOUT EGG HATCHING
Various Kinds of Incubators?Different
Methods of Supplying
Heat?Secrets of Successful
Some idea of the extent to which incubators,
or machines for egg hatchiog.
are used may be gathered from the fact
that there are annually shipped from the
one little village of Hamilton, N. J., ;
over 100,000 chickens for broiling, all I
of which, are hatched by incubators. |
Speaking of incubators, Mr. W. Brock- !
ner, of a New York firm, said to a Sun I
"There are hundreds of patterns of!
incubators. Some like one kind, and !
swear by it; others do not like that j
kind, but do like another kind. They j
all have the general form of a box, in
which the eggs are placed and kept at a
uniform degree of temperature until
they are hatched. But, of course, there
-i;,r V/,,, !
are many uxneruncus ui ucwu,
may buy an incubator for $75, or you
may get one for $15. Some men will;
have success with a cheap box, while
others will fail with an expensive one.
"There have been about !)OCO incubators
sold of the pattern known as
'The perfect hatcher.' It is an aii-tight
box, with glass doors, so that the operations
inside may be watched without
opening. The eggs are placed in pans,
say one hundred eggs in the box. Of
course they must be good eggs, and not
only good eggs, but eggs from a breed
where the healthful proportion of the
sexes has been preserved. It is wellknown
that a hen does not always hatch
out all the eggs she sits on. Sometimes
the farmer puts a choice egg in the nest,
and, though the hen sits on it the same
as on the others, the farmer does not expect
it to hatch, and he does not blame
tho hen it she does not hatch it. Yet people
will put bad eggs into the incubator
and blame the incubator if they don't
hatch. The fact is that a farmer is
lucky if his hens hatch out more than
fifty per cent, of the e^g3 they sit on. It
is not unusual for an incubator to hatch
out seventy-five per cent.
"There is generally a belief that nobody
can tell whether fresh eggs have
been impregnated so that they will
1 ' ' 1~: A- *?11
liatcu. umy one man Ciuiiui iu icu, auu.
they do not believe ho can do it. Practically,
therefore, the eggs are taken on
a risk, but the precaution should be obser
ed of using only eggs from a brood
where there is at least one rooster to
every ten chickens.
"It takes about twenty-one days to
hatch a batch of eggs in this incubator.
During this time the temperature should
be kept at about 102 degrees. This
means that the eggs should be at 10'2
degrees, and not the air. In order to
securc uniformity there is an automatic
apparatus which lets in cool air whenc.er
the eggs are at a higher temperature
than 1U0 degrees.
"There arc different methods of supplying
the heat. Some use hot air. Some
use hot water, which is in an endless
*? i mi
pipe, anci Kept warm oy a lamp. mere
is an arrangement for supplying fresh
a'r and also for replacing the moisture.
There are various theories of the proper
amount of moisture that is oect adapted
to success. There nay be a variation of
two or three degrees of temperature
without danger. It is known that a hen
often leaves her nest for a short time
without failing to?hatch, but she does
not stay out long enough to let her eggs
get cold. So it does no harm to open the
incubator occasionally to take out the
hatched chickens, or to put in new 6gg=,
or to turn the eggs.
"Although it is not possible at ?rst to
tell whether a a egg is likely to ha'ceh, it
is easy to sec at the end of ten days in
the incubator whether the chick is forming.
The eggs are then placed quickly
and carefully in the range of a .'strong
light, and the experienced eye can
quickly detect whether the chick has
begun to develop. If it has not.the egg
1 is considered of no use for hatching, although
it is not spoiied for use a; food.
"It sometimes happens that the chick
is fully grown in the egg, but is not
strong enough to pick its way out by
Krnnirinnr t/ip sVifttl. This often ha.DDens
"'"-""'"a -7 - .
in the nest as well as in the incubator.
The cause of it is simply that the chick
is not strong. It has not a healthy constitution.
.But its constitution was determined
before the incubator got hold
' Many persons suppose that the incubator
is a modem invention, but this is
not so. The Egyptians, in both ancient
and modern times, used incubatois.
They adopted the plan of ovens. Their
machinery was not so ingenious or as
complicated as ours, but they appeared
to have had quite as good success with
their ovens without automatic regulators
of the heat or humidity. It is related
that they had some ovens that would
hold eight or te 1 thousand eggs. The7
certainly had and have great skill in the
use of the incubator.
"Of course such a delicate machinc requires
carcful and intelligent handling.
There have been plenty of cases where
farmers have condemned the incubators,
when, in fact, their failure was due to
stupid management of the machine, and
when this has been proved by successful
management of the same machines by
competent mej. There are plenty of
people who never can learu to wori: any
machine, and yet always blame the
machine instead of themselves. Some
]>eople will use an incubator eight or
i nine years .ma mase u pay. it uas uecu
proven that a man may take a comfortable
living for a l'amiiy with half an acre
of ground and a good incubator.
"The best soil for chickens is sandy
The theory is that tho soft impurities
J are washed away by the rains, and the
chickens do not pick up substances that
produce all sorts of diseases. The raaia
. ecret of successful chicken raising is
cleanliness. Chickens must have room
and it is death to them to keep them in
a dirty coop.
j "What is the use of an incubator and
what is the advantage over the hatching
in the old way? The advantage is that
the ha'.ching is controled, the ratio of
chickens produced U greater, the work
is done with more regularity and in .1
1'? otv? I'n'vVnr ncrcr<z
buiaiiur uuiii|vacj. ?>*..w* ?-DOspoiled.
'Not the least important part of the
incubating prucecs is the brooding. The
young chick is left for a clay or two to
runabout in the incubator ma temperature
of iOJ degrees. Then he is taken
out and housed carefully aad actually
brooded with all the care of a mother.
Here co:noi in an opportunity for great
skill and feeding aud caring for young
chichs. They are easily preserved from
vermin, which are the curse of chickens
not brought up in a cicaniy way. In
one carefully tried cxper mcnt there was
a brood of about OUO J ducks raised by
the incubator for market at a prolit of
seventeen cents a pound. This, of
course, re uires great ski.l, intelligence
! and experience. It is true that the
'chicken cra/e' is not as great as it wa?.
but it is also true that the business of
incubation is going on steadily and lots
of v?yplc arc makiug aoney out of it."
*> . ; i!- " . ' -?A
Cat With Harnan Instincts.
There exists a general impression that
cats are tar less susceptible to kind
treatment and less adept at learning
trieks than are their enemies, the dogs.
This may or may not be a correct impression,
but if as a rule cats are duller
than dogs, there are many exceptions.
One striking exception is the case of a
large cat, Which by birth was Maltese,
and which was owned by an old French
locksmith residing for a long time on
Market street. The peculiarities of the
Frenchman, which were very marked,
had been imbibed by the cat, and like
his master, he was very reticent, and
hadn't much to say. He would allow no
one to pet him, except his master, and
when anyone entered the locksmith's
shop the cat would seem to know immediately
whether he was a friend or
foe, and the locksmith always relied
upon the discernment of his pet to tell
him whether his visitor was honest or
not. If the man was not all right the
cat would fly at him, with fur bristling,
his back arched, and his tail swollen up
like a patent lamp chimney cleaner. But
lie never troubled those who were all
right, and his attachment to his master
was very touching. He was never happy
unless lie had the locksmith always with
him, and at night he would sleep in the
j same room with him, protecting liim better
thau a dog could have done, for he
! wa3 a large and powerful animal. His
: master had taught him many tricks,
J which he would perform on demand ol
j his master; one of them, which was teri
rible, was to spring at the throat of any
j man or beast that his master might indi'
cate. Ke was never allowed to displaj
this trick, however, and his master al
j ways sa'.d that, he had taught him this
during a long sojourn in "Switzerland,
j when he was in danger of his life from
j both man and beast. At last the old
man died, and his body was no sooner
taken from the house than the cat,
which had all the time been hovering
about, disappeared, and was never seer
again. ?St. Ltu'is Star Sayings.
Jewelers Expose Bogus Diamonds.
A young woman brought a ring to j
jeweler the other day and requested hin
to reset the stone, which she said wa;
loose. She spoke of it as a diamond
' solitaire. The jeweler took the ring an<?
I said he would attend to it. As the customer
was leaviDg the store the jewelei
1 called her back and said: "This stone ii
glass, ma'am?I want you to understand i
- 1 1
'iH3 young woman coioreu up auu
exclaimed with wrath in her voice: "It')
I no such thing?it's a real diamond
, Glass, indeed
I "Excuse me, ma'am," politely re
I joined the ;cweler, "it is nothing mor?
than a piece of common crystal or glass
There is no doubt whatever about it."
! "But it was a present givea to m?
i la3t Christmas by a very dear friend wh(
wouldn't think of giving me a shan
diamond," the 3*oung woman persisted
I 'Tin sorry, ma'am," replied the jew
' eler, "somebody's been deceived ,verj
likely, but this stone is absolutely worth
' less; a chip of glass."
j "Well, the young woman argued stil'
further about the ring and insisted i
was very valuable, and a*, last took i
away with her. saying that she woulc
1 take it somewhere else to lie repaired
She wa3 nearly in tears when she left th>
After she had gone the jeweler said t<
me: "I did not want to hurt that girl'.
! feelings, but when a ring of that kin<
! is given to me to be repaired I alway
' make it a practice of having it clearlj
understood that the stone is valueless
j If I did not I should run the risk o
having that young woman come bacl
after she had discovered that the stom
was not a diamond, and accuse me o'
, changing it in the resetting. Such ;
charge was once made against me undo
! circumstances of this kind, and sincr
tnen i iiave iouoweu a uauuuus puuv;
for ray own protection. The girl wa
I honest, I've no doubt, but I cannot af
ford to take any chances."?Pittsburj
Ate Eigrlit Dinners at Once.
j About thrree months ago the resident
of Ellicott City, Md., complained tha'
tbeir larders were being plundered
Xcithcr money nor goods were touched
, but everything in the shape of food waf
, cleaned out. For over a month the]
searched for the thief, who was finally
cau2ht while regaling himself in a neighbor's
kitchen. His mine is .Tohn Darby,
and he has a wife and family. After t
prelim nary hearing he was sent to thi
: county ail pending his trial by the court
He has now been in the institution tw<
months, and the warden says he hai
proved the most expensive prisoner th(
State ha3 ever harbored. His ap
petite is enormous. Though weigh
ing only loO pcundi, he is tall ane
jaunt, measuring si:c feet and one inch
if <jf>r>m? imnnsslhle to sntisf'v his crav
ings, and his attack upon his neighbors'
larders arc now explained. His regulai
daily meals are four times greater in th<
amount of food than those of any other
prisoner. Beside, he generally eat!
I whatever 13 left by the fifteen inmates o)
the jaiJ. "Warden LiLy says that hii
greatest feat perhans was at dinner on o
recent Sunday. He had determined tc
: see if he could not satisfy Tarby foi
once, and ordered the bill of fare accordingly.
His meal consisted of half t
gallon of soup and eight d.nner3 like
those furnished the rest of the prisoners,
in each of wh.ch was a plentiful supplj
of roast pork, hominy, cabbage, potatoes,
turnips, and bread, all of whici
were in turn qu;ckly dispatched. A vers
remarkable feature about the case ii
that Darby never experiences any un
easiness following an overloaded stomach,
and his appetite is never satisScd.?
flow Dr. Talmage Keeps HoaltUy.
Kev. Dr. Talmage says in the New
York Ohs rver: '-.Most Americans dc
not take time for sufficient sleep. Wo
account for our own extraordinary
healih by the fact that we arc fanatics
on the subject of sleep. "We ditTer lrom
cur friend, Napoleon Eonaparte, in onu
respect: we want nine hours' sleep and
w-p if?oiirht hour.-! at nierht and one
" w ***"" *" v,n c?
liour in the day. If wc miss our allowance
one week, as we of eu do, we make
it up the ue\t week or the ife\t month.
We have sometimes been twenty-one
hours in arrearages. Vv"e formerly kept
a memo-andum of the hours for sleep
lost. AVc pursued these hours till wo
caught them. If at the beginning of
our summer vacation wc are many hours
behind in slumber, we go dowa to the
seashore or anions tho mountains and
sleep a month. if the world abuses us
at any time, we go and take an e::tra
sleep; aud when we wake in all the
worid is soiling on us. If we <ome to
a knotty point in our discourse, wo take
a sleep; and when we open our eyes tho
opaque has become transparent. Wc
split every day in two by a nap in tuo
afterucon. ( oing to take that somniferous
interstice, we say to the servants:
'L>o not call me for auythiDg. If the
house takes lire, lirst get the children
out and ny private papers; and when the
roof begins to fall in call me.' Through
fanaticism wo have thus far escaped the
CURIOUS FACTS. I
A span is 10| inches. ,.
The average human life is thirty-oni U
The value of an Attic drachma wu fl|
eighteen cents. . Hj
Pigskin is now used for gloves and^^H
Vaccination is compulsory in England
and optional in France.
One out of every four persons in New
York has money in bank.
A colored man owns sixty houses and
one of the hotels at Memphis. BH
The new tunnel under the lake at Chi- HI
cago will be four miles long.
During the civil war 267 Union soldier!
were executed for desertion. jlffl
Convicts cannot vote unless they have^H
been restored to citizenship by a pardon.
In Vermont, when they have snow,
instead ot breaking the roads with a JHj
snow plow, they roll the snow down^^H
solid with a heavy roller. "
A new fruit has been discovered in Ifl
Southern California. It looks like the
fruit of the pear tree, but the pulp if Hi
soft and pasty, tasting like claret.
An orchid-grower says that ia one
spotted variety of the flower more than
$100 will be given for one small spot,
the plant being worth so much the more. Bi
There is some doubt as to the place
and date of St. Patrick's birth, but the
leading authorities put Kilpatrick, near
the mouth of the Clyde, in Scotland, as
the place of his birth. 9
Several counties in California which Hj
are notoriously infested with mosquitoes
are ridding themselves of the pests by
planting eucalyptus trees, in the vicinity
of which mosquitoes are unknown. SI
Almost every day there are men at
Castle Garden, New York city, who
assert that they are in search of and MB
willing to marry any bright and intelli- HQ
gent emigrant girl who pleases their
Jonathan Andrews, of Enfield, N. H.f
has been wearing his calf boots forflfl
twenty-two years, his arctic overahoca^B
twenty-three years and his gloves twentyfour
years, and all are good for soma
time yet. Jfl
On board the British troop-ship that
carried the Argyle aud Sutherland High- H|
lnnder? frnm Cevlon to HoDff-Konfi?. rC-^H
cently, there were 140 applications for IH
tea, coffee or cocoa, in place of the daily
ration of spirits.
A Massachusetts sportsman named flfl
Chad wick has been hunting along Long
Island Sound on a tricycle which travels
on runners. He is able to cruise over
many miles of inshore ponds and land-H|
locked bays daily without fatigue. U
Accidents in which people have been B|
seriously injured by sneezing are not
common. A few days ago a man at
Scran ton, Penn., was attacked with so^H
violent a fit of sneezing that he broke
two ribs, and the day before a man in^H
Boston, through.sneezing. dislo:ated hit^B
New York city consumes over 1,000,*^M
000 quarts of milk every month. It
quires the best elTorts of 00,000 cows,
averaging fourteen quarts in two milk-^B
ings, to furnish this amount of milk.H
Statistics show that during 1888, re-^R
tailers in that city purchased $23,748,376
worth of milk.
An Englishman has produced a piece
of mechanism containing 400 figures, BE
representing horses, cannon, artillery, in?B|
fan try and a band of fifty-two men, eacb^f
with an instrument. A tiny wind mill
turned by the current from burning D|
candies, furnishes the power to move all
the iigures automatically.
' One of the large shoe stores in Brook- B|
lyn has started something that bids fair H|
to cut into the income of the bootblack*
of that city. In the rear of the store in^|
question is a blacking stand where anj
regular customer can have his shoes
polished for nothing. The scheme, ol
course, is to attract trade, and as the^H
chair has seldom been unoccupied since
it was placed, it seems to take.
Happiness in Doing Good.
A big man walked down Fourteenth
street at about .1 o'clock in the afternoon.
He was faultlessly dressed with a flower Bj
in his coat lapel and a gold-headed cancel
in his hand. His moustache was gray fl|
and his face a little flushed. He looked
to be about fifty years old, and has been H||
taken for a prosperous New Yorker. He
was extremely dignified. Nobody
would have suspected from his walkH|
that he was druuk. His inebriety was^H
of the sort which does not extend below
the neck. His legs were perfectly sober,
but he removed his hat and made
stately bow to an old darky who wasHj
passing in a coal cart. A red handker-^B
chief about the colored man's neck had^H
apparently led him to believe that an^H
elegantly attired lady was going by in a^H
Just above G street a poor, measly 19
cur dog lay on the pavemeut in the sun.
The big man stopped and looked at him.
The dog feebly wagged his tail, butwai^H
either too poor or too lazy to get up.
sympathetic and benevolent look came HB
into the big man's face Out from
trousers' pocket he palled a roll of bills. H9
It was three inches thick. There wer?^H
tens and twenties, and there must have^H
been hundreds of dollars in the rolL^B
Carefully picking out a dollar bill he laid^H
it on the pavement just by the dog'a^J
"Here, poor doggie,"saidhe, "gobuj^M
yourself a bone," and as he passed onH|
I down the street his face was radiant H|
with the consciousness of a good deed^H
done.? Wasshin-jton Post. M
Famine in Rnssln. HI
Notwithstanding the abundant harvest
in South Russia" last year, in the in-^H
rerior whole provinces are suffering from
a state bordering on famine. The in- HB
habitants of entire districts in the Gov
1. -r r>*a o/itnillr rivinrr^^H
em mem in uicuu.ng ??*. m.iu,..v
of starvation, i-'our years of bad crops ^9
have totally exhausted the poor peasants,
so that numbers of villages there have HB
eaten up the last seed corn. Hfl
'Ihe adult population allow themselves
the luxury of a plate of bread once in
two days, while children crying for IB
bread are fed by their mothers several
times a day with very small bits of millet
cakes, which, in ordinary times the^H
poorest peasant would not look at.
These cakes, when they are just baked j^H
and still warm, look more like cement, II
and when they bccome cold are harder,
if posssble, than stones.? bmdon HI
Utilizing an Elephant.
The President of the fair grounds at |H
-t. Louis has evolved a scheme which,
for originality, certainly beats anything
of the kind yet projected. He recently H|
purchased a machine to plow up the^H
rack at the fair grounds. It is a very HI
heavy atfair and requires the united
eilorts of four horses to drag it over the^H
ground. Mr. Green conceived the novel
ideal of making the elephant at tho^f
grounds earn its feed by drawing the
plow. He has ordered a harness and
will soon set the elephant at work,?