Newspaper Page Text
A Budget of News From Various
Parts of the World.
A Woman Confesses to Murder
After Being Strung Up,
A few days since a farmer named Dudley,
living near El Dorado, Kan., engaged a Mr. i
and Mrs. Edwards to assist him in leathering
his crops. While walking to the farm that 1
afternoon they were joined by Mr. and Mrs.
Bloomer, who were on the way home from j
Rosalie, accompanied by their three-year-old !
child. Arriving at the Dudlay farm, Mrs. !
Bloomer placed her child in Mrs. Edwards's j
charge, while she accompanied her husband i
to the field to see Mr. Dudley.
When they returned to the house the child
was missing. The neighbors were summoned I
to institute a search, but the child could not I
be found. Mrs. Edwards's strange actions j
aroused suspicion, and she was finally charged
with having murdered the child. She denied
the charge indignantly, and the search was
continued. The child could not be found.
Mr. and Mrs. Bloomer were satisfied that
Mrs. Edwards had made away with it, and
to test their suspicions they proposed to extract
a confession from her. "Accordingly
she was told that she was to be hanged, and
had better confess the crime. She obstinately
maintained that she knew nothing
of the causa of the child's disappearance.
A rope was found, one
end placed about her neck, and the other I
thrown over the limb of a tree. Just as her
body was about to leave the ground she broke
down, and confessed that owing to her extreme
annoyance at the child's disobedience
of her commands, she had killed it, and given
the body to her husband to dispose of it. He
carried it to the creek near by and threw it
into the water.
Her husband denied any complicity in the
crime and the same means were resorted to
to force a confession from him. He was
strung up for a minute or two and then cut
down. He then confessed that he had seen
his wife carry the body of the child to the j
creek and dispose of it there. He, himself,
he said, had nothing to do with the crime, except
to witness the disposal of the body.
The neighbors then began a systematic
search of the premises and creek. If Mrs.
Edward's story is verified both she and her
husband will doubtless be lynched, as great
excitement prevails over the affair.
Death of a Noted Novelist.
Wilkie Collins, the noted English novelist
who had been seriously ill for some time, died
a few days a^o.
William Wilkie Collins was born in London
in January, 1824, and was the oldest son
of William Collins, R. A., the well-known
rustic painter His mother was a sister of
Mrs. Carpenter, a noted portrait painter.
He was put in the tea trade, but left that to
study law. His first literary work was a biography
of his father, published in 1848.
from that time he devoted himself entirely
to literature, and published "Antonina,"
1850; "Rambles ' Beyond Railways,"
1851; "Basil," 1852; "Mr. Wray's
Cash Box," 1852; "Hide and Seek,"
1854. Then in Household Words, "After
Dark," 1S56, and "The Dead Secret,"
1857. After that came "The Queen of
Hearts," 1859; "The Woman in White," 1860;
*'No Name," 1862, which appeared in All the
Year Round; "My Miscellanies," 1863;
"Armadale," 1866; "The Moonstone," 186S;
"Man and Wife," 1870; "Poor Miss Finch,"
1872; "Miss or Mrs. and Other Stories in
Outline," 1873; "The New Magdalen," 1873;
"The Law and the Lady." 1875; "Two Destinies,"
1S76; "The Haunted Hotel," 187S;
"The Fallen Leaves," 1879; "A Rogue's
Life, from His Birth to His Marriage," 1870;
"The Black Robe," 18S1; "Heart and Science,"
1883; "I Say No," 1SS4; "The Evil
Genius," 1SS6, and several novels recently or i
now current in the periodicals. This record j
of his stories is "Wilkie Collins's life to Ameri- <
cans. As a dramatist he was not successful. j
The novelist visited this country at the entf
of 1873 and gave public readings.
Storms and Land Slides in Mexico.
Advices from different parts of Mexico say
very heavy storms have been sweeping over
that country since August 15. The latest
storm was along the Pacific coast, and the
steamers Porfirio Diaz and Alata have probably
been wrecked. After a five days'
steady rain in the State of Vera Cruz, a cyclone
passed over the town of Chicintepec,
causing great destruction, and, to add to the
terror of the inhabitants, a great land slide
occurred on the mountain back of the town,
a part of which passed directly through the
town, cutting a great swath through the
buildings, and carrying away everything in
A torrent of water then poured down the
gulley made by the land slide, and flooded
that part of the place not already destroyed.
There was no loss of life, however, as the
people had warning and sufficient time to escape,
but the destruction in crops and loss of
cattle was very great. Two locomotives and
ten freight cars on the Mexican Central Railroad
were wrecked near Lagos.and Engineer
Brandt, an American, was Killed, and Engineer
Garcia and Firemen Bolina and Martinez
Minnesota's Great Discovery.
A Bohemian stonecutter of St. Paul, Minn.,
named August Boorfried, has discovered a
combination of chemicals by the use |
of which the hardest stone can be |
dissolved and cast into any desired |
shape, the casting being as hard as flint,
translucent and capable of taking on a brillant
lustre. It varies in color according to the
stone used, and can be had from a bright red
to a beautiful azure blue. While in the
fluid form it can be used for coating anything
having a stone or glassy-surface. Mr.
Boorfried claims that car wheels and rails
can be made in this way. He will start for
the East in a few days to secure the backing
of wealthy capitalists.
The Proposed Glass Trust.
George F. Kimball, a Chicago dealer in
window glass, says of the proposed glass
"Irast"' that the works at Streator. Ottawa,
Rock Isand and other places in the TTest have
passed into the hands of the owners of JNew
York concerns, the properties being bought
outright. The purchaser is the United Glass
Company of New York, capitalized at
In some cases stockholders in the local
companies have exchanged their holdings for
stock in the "trust" company. It is purposed
to place the fifty-five glass factories of
the country under one management. The
main office of the company is to be New
Hopkins's Bloody Work.
Seelov Hopkins, of Phillipsburg, Penn.,
while intoxicated, provoked a quarrel with
his wife, and becoming violently enraged,
procured a revolver and shot her dead. He
then went up stairs and shot his wife's
mother dead, after which he proceeded to an
adjoining livery stable, where he shot himsell
twice in the head, but neither shot will
Drove even serious. He was Dlaced under
arrest immediately and wiii be brought to
Jealously and a belief in the faithlessness of
his wife are believed to have been the reasons
that incited Hopkins to the crime.
The Officials Apologized.
The Governments of the United States and
France have finally reached a settlement cf
the diplomatic complications arising from
the arrest and discourteous treatment of Mrs.
Dorr, Miss Van Nostrand, and rdother New
York lady by tho French police authorities
at Mentone because of a dispute over a dressmaker's
bill. The French Government has ;
made an explanation and an apology, with I
notice that the offending officials have been i
BtfMT THE BANDITS.
Gendarmes in Servia Cremate a Woman
antl Two Men.
In the Servian village of Losowiks, re- I
eently, a body of gendarmes set fire to a >
house in which a party of bandits had taken
refuge. Tho leader of the band, who was a
woman, and two other members perished in
the flames, after making desperate attempts
to fight their way out. The other members !
of the band were captured. One gendarme !
William J. Fry, a well-known young
man in Allegheny, Penn., committed suicide
recently by plunging a lead pencil repeatr
-?dly into his breast directly over the heart. ;
THE NEWS EPITOMIZED.
Eastern and Middle States.
Hkrrick Lapbs, aged thirteen, of Wareham,
Mass., -was killed by Joseph Lebarron,
a boy nine years of age, with a pocket knife.
A heavy bridge near Danbury, Conn.,collapsed,
carrying down a wagon, horses and
ten men a distanca of twenty feet. One of
the men was killed and four others badly injured.
Leonard & Ellis's oil refineries at
Shadyside, N. J., have been burned. The
total loss reaches to about $500,000.
The World's Fair Committee on Site and
Buildings have selected the north end of
Central Park, Morningside and Riverside
Psrks, and the Bloomingdale Asylum
grounds, New York city, as the place for
holding the Exposition.
At the Alaska Colliery, at Mount Carmel,
Penn., two miners, Hugh Roberts and Anthony
Marchetty, were instantly killed by a
fall of rock.
Maggie Tobix, aged ten, of Philadelphia,
-1?*- ? ?5 cictfir K11 f?n
MIUl aiiU JV.IL1CII lact aiA-jsiu-v.u ,
while playing with a revolver that had been
carelessly left within the children's reach.
Mrs. Patiuck Farrell, a boarding house
keeper at Jermyn, Penn., was stabbed to the
heart while trying to separate two fighting
Maxwell Straub, who was arrested at
Ehnira for intoxication,has died in jail. The
Coroner's examination reveals traces of
poison, and it is believed that he was drugged
A locomotive was thrown from the track
near Ithaca, and Engineer Orlando Seeley
was instantly killed.
Jacob Fitzgerald, of Cayuga, dropped
dead in Watkins. He was a delegate
to the Republican* State Convention and
went to W atkins to take a train for Saratoga.
Ex-Mayor P. D. Walter, of Lockport,
has died from the effects of a fall.
Delegates to the Republican State Convention
and the meeting of the Republican
State League gathered at Saratoga.
By the upsetting of a boat in Boston Harbor
E. G. Hartwell of "VValtham aud Arthur
Taft of Dedham, Mass., were drowned.
There have been heavy frosts in Vermont
and Northern New York; heavy snow fell
on Mount Washington.
The Boston Board of Aldermen have voted
to erect statues to Generals Grant and
Sheridan and Admiral Farragut.
Sheriff Nicholas C. Deharest, of Bergen
County, N. J., was rim over by an express
train at Rutherford and instantly
The New York Daily Graphic, an illustrated
paper, has ceased publication.
An extraordinary plague of pleuropneumonia
has broken out among the cattle of
Chester County of the adjoining counties of
Montgomery and Berks, Penn.
South and West.
The Cincinnati, "Washington and Baltimore
Railroad has been sold under a foreclosure
Mrs. Htram Snell, of Malad, Idaho, has
just given birth to six children?three boys
and three girls.
The survivors of the Northern and Southern
armies at the battle of Chickamauga, at
a meeting in Chattanooga, resolved to turn
the battlefield into a National park.
The residence of Mrs. A. Lenbower, near
Deer Park, Md., was destroyed by fire during
her absence, and her two children, aged
three and six years, were burned to death.
One person has been killed and several injured
by leaping from an electric car, which
plunged down Mission Ridge, Chattanooga.
Tenn. The current had failed it.
Blackman Brothers' saw mill and sash
factory at Snohomish, W. T., has been
Durnecl. JL.OSS 4iou,uuu; no uisurauce.
Joseph T. Raymond, aged twenty-six, was
hanged at Moorhead, Minn., for the murder
of a policemau.
The Wyoming Constitutional Convention
has adopted a chapter vesting ownership of
irrigating waters in tlio State and recognizing
rights of prior appropriation.
In a riot which has taken place at Oklahoma
City, the soldiers charged the mob
with fixed bayonets, and many persons were j
A package containing over $40,000 belonging
to the United States Express Company
has been stolen from a bank vault in
An explosion of gas in a coal mine near
Dayton, Tenn., has badly injured nine men,
Lightning struck the house of Mr. Spaulding,
at Winona, Minn., killing his six-year
daughter, and fatally injuring his wife.
One passenger was killed and several injured
in a collision on the Northwestern
Railroad at Blackberry, 111.
At a cake walk at Culpeper, Va., James
Fitzgerald shot and killed his wife for permitting
a handsomer man to kiss her.
The President and ex-Senator Henry G.
Davis made a trip into West Virginia from
Deer Park, Md.
The Corn Palace Exhibition at Sioux City,
Iowa., is open.
rr"r' w?VvKr? pftTinrvIe liovn lvoon nlnwl ftl
Marion,*lnd., owing to the prevalence ol
The firm c.f Belford, Clarke & Co., prominent
Chicago book publishers, with branches
at New York and San Francisco, has suspended,
and a receiver has been appointed.
Walter Ball, of West Point, Va.. and
his son have been been indicted by the Grand
Jury for compelling B. T. Barham, at the i
point of a pistol, to marry Mr. Ball's daugh- i
The American Consul at Kingston, Jamaica,
has cabled that a riot has occurred at
the island of Navassa, and several Americans
were lei lied. The man-of-war Galena
tine hf>pn ordered to the scene.
The Coeur d'Alene Indians bave agreed to
sell 250,0U0 acres from their reservation in
Idaho to the Government for $500,000.
The Secretary of War has decided to accept
the offer of the Indian Rights Association
to purchase a tract of land in North
Carolina for Geronimo's band of Indians,
and to establish them there in a more civilized
mode of life. (
Major Theophilus Gaines, of West Virginia.
has been appointed Chief of the Pension
Division of the Third Auditor's office,
andE. L. Jordan Assistant Superintendent
of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
Superintendent Kimball, of the Lifesaving
Service,has recommended an increase
in the number of life-saving stations on the
At the regular meeting of the Woman's
National Industrial League at Washington,
it was resolved that the women of America
should insist on the right to ba properly represented
in the great Exposition of 1893.
The United States ship Pensacola has
been detailed to convey the members of
the Solar Eclipse Expedition to St. Paul de
The Superintendent of the Census has appointed
Richard P. Roth well, of New Yor^'
chief special agent to take charge of the co*
lection of statistics of gold and silver for the
Several of the South American delegates
to the International Congress have arrived
in this country.
Colonel Switzler. Chief of the Bureau of
Sati sties, at the request of Secretary Windom,
has tendered his resignation.
A Hebrew family of six persons, at
Szatmar, Hungary, have been Killed with
hatchets and terribly mutilated by unl-r \vn
Eersons. The motive of the crime was robery.
Twenty students have been arrosted at
Kieif, Russia, 011 the charge of baing Nihilists.
Lord Mayor Sexton, of Dublin, has declared
that Mr. Balfour's proposed Catholic
university will not divert Irishmen from
seeking home rule.
A war fleet has been ordered to Tangiers,
Morocco, by the Government of Spain, and
10,000 troops held in readiness to back its demand
for the release of Spaniards captured
The freedom of the city of Dublin has been
conferred by Lord Mayor Sexton upon Lady
Sandhurst Stamfield, tho English Home
Ruler, amid great enthusiasm.
Crops in Austria are greatly damaged by
a heavy snowfall. Peasant cottages are
The British warship Lily has been wrecked
on the Lah rador coast with the loss of seven
>'r" i- '\ - '
lives, and the steamer Florence foundered in
the Irish Sea and nine persons perished.
The result of the French elections has
been a substantial victory for the Republicans.
The Government of the South American
Republic of Ecuador has prohibited the immigration
William H. K. Redmond, an Irish Home
Rule member of Parliament, has been sentenced
to three months' imprisonment for
offenses under the Crimes act.
Captain Mungo and Lieutenant Cabura,
two Mexican cavalry officers, have been
sentenced to ten years' imprisonment for
crossing into the United States territory in
search of deserters.
The accounts published for the fiscal year
of 1SSS show that the Russian Government
receipts exceed the expenditures by 30,000,000
uusuicaa pui nuu ui jjLvuouib?wut
Prince Edward's Island, has been burned.
Another strike occurred of the stevedores
employed in the East India docks, London.
Wilkie Cor.'.the famous novelist, has
died of paralv: _ the heart.
The United Suites warship Enterprise
arrived at Inverary, Scotland, and the
Duke of Argyle entertained the officers of the
vessel at his castle.
Although General Boulanger has been
personally successful in getting elected to
the French Assembly, his followers have
been overwhelmingly defeated. The Republicans
will have a majority of almost 150
members in the new Assembly. Boulanger
having been declared ineligible by the High
Court or Justice, ills election is useless unless
validated by the future Chamber.
A chest of dynamite exploded at the station
in St. Petersburg just before the Czar
of Russia departed for Copenhagen.
In the case of Henry S. Ives, the young
"Napoleon of Finance" charged with an
over-issue of the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton
Railroad stock, the jury at New York
disagreed, ten standing for conviction and
two for acquittal.
Deposits of gold said to be in paying
quantities have just been disco'vered near
The Republican State Convention of Massachusetts
has nominated J. Q. A. Brackett
for Governor, and other officers.
President Harrison and Senator Davis
were present at the Centennial celebration
at Cumberland, Md.
The town of Fort Gay,W. Va., is terrorized
by a gang of roughs. A beating they gare
to the Mayor and his marshals caused these
officials to resign.
The Republican State Convention of Mississippi
has nominated General James R.
Chalmers for Governor and W. C. Mathison
(colored) for Secretary of State.
The annual convention of the American
Bankers' Association opened in Kansas City,
fully 1000 delegates being present.
Two hundred men entered the jail at Winona,
Miss., captured Sol Purnell, a colored
man, and hanged him to a railroad trestle.
General Sherman presided at the meeting
of the Army of the Tennessee, in Cincinnati,
Ohio. Chicago was selected as th?
next meeting place.
The Secretary of the Treasury has accepted
the resignation of Dr. James P. Kimball,
of Pennsylvania, as Director of the Mint.
Tani Kwo Ying, the new Chinese Minister,
with his retinue of twenty-five, arrived
The commission appointed to select a site
for a navy yard on the Pacific coast north of
the forty-second parallel has recommended
the selection of a point on Puget Sound.
Secretary Tracy will ask Congress to
build ten new steel men-of-war and to leave
their size, horse power and general design te
the Navy Department.
Eliza Cook, the noted English poetess, is
dead in her seventy-second year.
Joe Kemp, who was taken out from th?
Quebec ruins alive after one hundred hours'
imprisonment, bas died.
TEE PATENT OFFICE.
Summary of the Annual Report of
C. E Mitchell, the Commissioner of Pat
ents, has filed with tlie Secretary of the Interior
the preliminary report of the operations
of his bureau for the year ended June
30, 18S9. There wore received during the
year 86,740 applications for patents, 808 applications
for design patents, 101 applications
for reissue patents, 1281 applications
for registration of trade marks, 772 applications
for registration of labels, and 2345 caveats,
making a total of 42,017. The number
of patents granted during the year, including
reissues and designs, was 21,518, the number
of trade marks registered 1111, the number
of labels registered 312, making a total
The number of patents withheld for nonoayment
of final feet was 2858, and the num*oer
of patents expired 11.910.
The receipts from all sources during the
year aggregated were $1,186,557, and the expenditures,
including printing and binding,
stationery and contingent expenses, $999,097,
leaving a surplus for the year of $186,860,
which makes the total amount in the United
States Treasury to the credit of the patent
fund $3,524,520. A comparative statement
shows that the receipts of the office were
W.Q in A<rnncc< nf fV/vpft r\f locf tto?* ?tV?i 1
fw,tnw til vi vu\s0%2 v/a. ioov jvait nuuo
the expenditures were $45,967 in excess of
those of 1888. At the close of the fiscal year
18&S-1S80, the business of the Patent Office,
says the report, was in a satisfactory conditio
as compared with former years.
A YOUTHFUL MURDERER.
Cut His Sister for Interfering With
While Frank Hollywood, agod ten years, of
Nevr Bedford, Mass., was playing with an
old clock at the residence of his father hia
sister Mary kicked thj clock. Frank then
stabbed his sister in the right limb with the
jagged blade of an old knife, severing the
femoral artery. The girl was picked up unconscious
and dying. The boy was arrested.
White being conveyed to the station house
he tried to broak away from the officers, with
the avowed intention "of drowning himself in
THE LABOR WORLD.
Imported laborers in Alabama recently
vrere paid five cents per day.
England's Engineers' Union has 52,000
members, and has spent $14,093,575 in benefits
The Amalgamated Machinists' Union of
New York city isactive in its efforts to form
a national organization.
TriE convention of the International
Cigarmakers' Union of America was recently
in session in New York city.
Lord Randolph Chdf.chill has become
one of the foremost champions of the eighthour
movement in England.
Three workmen were discharged by a
leather manufacturer in Newark, N. J., because
they did not work on Labor Day.
In some of the densely populated districts
of London there are barbers who shave customers
for the moderate sum of one cent
According to the news from Maine, all
the sawmills on th? Penobscot River are now
in full operation under the new adjustment
The greatest single industry in any city in
the world is said to be the manufacture of
carpets in Philadelphia. It employs 7350
looms and 17,809 workmen.
It is not likely that there will be another
strike of the seamen on the ocean steamers at
the English ports for along time again. The
last strike was a miserable failure.
A DARING ROBBERY.
A Mail and Passenger Train
Plundered by Desperadoes.
The Expressman Made to Surrender
at the Point of a Pistol.
The Mobile and Ohio south bound mail and
passenger train has been held up by train
robbers at Buckatunna, Miss., a station seventy
miles north of Mobile, Ala.
Just before the train left Buckatunna two
men disguised mounted behind the tender of
the train and covered Engineer Jack Terrell
and Fireman Thomas Hust with revolvers.
The leader ordered the engineer to pull out
and stop at the bridge, two miles below
Buckatunna, and to place the train so that
the exoress and mail car should be on the
furthur side of the bridge from the rest or
this train, the bridga being a trestle over a
"You obey instructions or it's death," he
The engineer reluctantly obeyed and ran
thi train where the men with the pistols
Then there appeared a third robber, disguised
like the other two. These three made
the engineer and fireman come with them to
the express car and the engineer had to call
out to Expressman J. W. Dunning to open
the door of the car. Dunning, taking in the
situation, opened the door and the chief
robber jumped in, the other two remaining
outside to guard the engineer and fireman.
Tho leader made the messenger dump the
contents of the safe into a canvas sack, but
noticing that he was not closely watched,
Dunning shoved some of the money aside, so
that about $1000 was hidden, the robbers getting
$2700. All this money belonged to the
Mobile and Ohio Railroad Company. Alongside
the express car door was a pile of $70,000
Government money, en route to Florida,
which the robbers failed to notice.
Then the robbers made the expressman get
out of the car and go with them to the mail
car. W. C. Bell, the mail agent, had suspected
that robbery was going on and tried to get
into a baggage car with a number of registered
mail packages.- Just as he stepped to
the end door of the car he saw through a
glass that the robbers had intercepted him.
The leader, supposed to be Bunch, faced him,
pistol in hand, and, finding Bell's arms full of
"Dump those here on my left arm."
There were twenty-four packages in all,
and Bell dumped them as requested. The
robber then made Bell hand him a registered
* " A i* Vllf
pouch and orderea me agent ia> upcu >u, uU?
Bell had no key, so the robber carried the
pouch off with him. The pouch was made
up at Meriden and the contents and value are
Just then Billy Scholes, the conductor, who
had been trying to find out what the trouble
was and had armed himself with a Winchester,
came out; of the rear of the train, waved
his lantern and shouted:
"What's the matter?"
The robbers fired two shots at him, crying
out: "Come up here and you'll see what's
The engineer told the robber to let up on
shooting, as the train hands would open fire
and shoot their own men.
There was no more shooting and the train
was ordered to pull out at once, which it
did, the robbers disappearing in the undergrowth
on the west side of the track. The
train pulled down to Citron'rille and swapped
time with the accommodation train, ana the
accommodation train engine and car was
sent back to the scene of the robbery with
detectives and an armed posse.
The leader of the robbers is a man six feet
high, of about one hundred and seventy
pounds weight, dressed in common clothing
and a slouch hat. His assistants wore com
rnon clothing and nothing to distmguisn
[ them. IVTien the handkerchief slipped down
a little oft of the leaders face the express
i messenger says he saw he had a black musI
tache and he thinks he had a beard.
The leader of the robbers is believed to be
Rube Burrows, a noted desperado, the man
for whom a search created so much excitement
in the northern part of Alabama a few
months ago. At that time it is believed he
was organizing a gang to head up some train,
and the Mobile and Ohio company, anticpating
an attack, armed all its train hands with
"Winchester rifles. This was made public,
a nd was doubtless what the robber referred
to when he said duringthe progress of robbing
the mail car: 'The Mobile and Ohio
dared me to hold up a train, and I wanted to
show them I could do it."
Another Train Robbery in Texas.
At a late hour in the night, as the north
bound Santa Fe train was pulling out of
Crowley, ten miles south of Fort Worth,
Texas, three men boarded the
train and two others jumped on
the locomotive. The two on the engine
placed pistols to the heads of the engineer
and firemen and told them to stop.
The robbers jut the engine, baggage, mail
and expres? jars from the rest of the train
and mac1 j the engineer pull half a mile
furthc.. One of tho men tnen got into tne
I express car and ordered the messenger
to show them the money. He pointed
| to three bags of Mexican silver dollars.
I One of the men ripped open a sack and shovI
elled the silver out of the door, while the other
one threw out the other sacks. They took
two packages, said to contain $5000 each, but
overlooked three or four money packages for
Fort Worth. The engineer was then made
to couple up and move.
The train reached Fort Worth at midnight,
and a posse of twenty men started in i
pursuit at once.
THE COUNTRY'S SCHOOLS.
Synopsis of the Commissioner of Education's
H. N. B. Dawson, the Commissioner of
Education, has filed with tho Secretary of the
Interior his annual report for the year ended
June 30, 1889. He says that from an analysis
of the statistics of public schools for the
decade of 187fi-' < < to 18S5-'87, it appears that
the growth of the system, considering the
whole country, outstripped during that period
the growth or population, tne excess 01 iua
increase of enrolment over the increase
in population, six to fourteen
years of age, oeing 1.6 per cent. This gain,
the Commissioner says, is due entirely to the
progress of tho public schools in the two
Southern sections, and mora especially in the
South Central division. The sentiment in
favor of free schools supported by public
funds, he says, is becoming each year more
universally prevalent. The public school systems
of the Southern States have been undergoing
an unprecedented development,
under laws adapted in each case to local circumstances,
and are now practically all established
on a permanent basis. Colored children
are apportioned an equal share of the
school funds, unless in the State of Delaware,
and their schools are kept open as long and
under as well paid teachers as those of the
white children. The funds for the support of
these schools are furnished mainly by the
In the course of his remarks upon the public
schools in the principal cities, tho Commissioner
says: "In no department of city
school work is improvement more manifest
than in the primary schools, and this for the
reason, perhaps, that in them there was tho
greatest room for improvement."
The Commissioner regrets his inability tc
report a general adoption of physical traioimr
in the Dublic schools
FIVE PERSONS KILLED.
I - - ?:?:
A Freight Train crashes luto a massing;
A frightful disaster to a suburban passenger
train has occurred in the southern outskirts
of Chicago, 111. The Chicago, Rock Island
and Pacific train was crashed into by a
freight train at the Lake Shore and Pan
Handle crossing near Eighty-seventh street,
Englewood. Five persons were killed and
four seriously injured. Tlie passenger train
was at a stand-still, one coach projecting over
the crossing. Into this coach containing
about sixty persons, plunged the freight train,
traveling rapidly at right angles to the Rock
Island train. The wreck of the passenger
coach was instant and complete. The accident
was clearly due to the carelessness of the
The census of the City of Mexico, taken
recently under the direction of Governor
Ceb&lieros. shows a population of 329.535.
A FATAL LAND- SLIDE.
Part of the Heights of Quebec
Fall on the Houses Below.
Many Homes Demolished and
People Killed and Injured
A landslide occurred at Quebec from the
face of Cape Diamond, below the Citadel,
at twenty minutes past seven in the evening,
chishing the houses beneath it and imprisoning
the inmates below the debris, which was
piled to a height, in some cases, of twenty to
thirty feet over the houses which were standing
Two fearful days of rain and flood succeeding
a month of dry weather filled the crevices
of the soil immediately below and beyond
the southern extremity of Dufferin Terrace,
and an enormous mass was detached from the
cliff, and hurled as with the noise of many
thunders, slowly and majestically at first,
but rapidly increasing in momentum through
its slide of a couple of hundred feet, over tue
retaining wall, pushing half a dozen houses out
of its way and crushing most of them beneath
its weisht as thoueh thev had been so manv
paper boxes. Some of "those who saw the
slide were standing at the doors of their
houses, und were too paralyzed to inove out
of its way. Others ran to a place of safety.
The debris of rock filled up the narrow
street to the depth of some thirty feet and cut
off all communication between the portions
of the city north and south of it. On the
wharves behind where the houses had stood,
scattered timbers and the earth and rock that
partly covered them were mingled with hug?
piles of coal that left little passageway be>
tween them and the river.
The river policemen, whose station is close
by, and the city police from Champlain Market
were among the first to rush to the relief of
the imprisoned, tte wounded and the dying
sufferers. As soon as an idea was obtained
of the extent of the disaster
the whole force of municipal
police was turned out to render assistance,
and Chief Colonel Vohl applied to B Battery
at the Citadel for assistance. A strone force
of the military, under command of Major
Wilson, turnea out to aid in the removal of
the debris. Fire broke out almost immediately
in some of the ruins, but the brigade when
Hiunmoned soon extinguished the names and
set to work to assist in the search for the dead
Nearly all the doctors of the city were in
attendance and did all that was possible for
the relief of the sufferers, for whom, in the
absence of the Mayor from the city, stimulancs
were promptly obtained in the name of
Quebec's famous promenade, Dufferin Terrace,
has been fearfully shaken by the slide,
especially that portion of it lying nearest the
Citadel, which almost overnangs tne cim
whence the land slide fell. Between the two
last kiosks it has parted so much from the
rock to which it clings that it has been condemned
and closed to traffic by order of the
City Engineer, there being also a wide rent
in the rocks between it and the Citadel.
The mass of rock detached from the cliffs'
side left a vacant space of extraordinary dimensions.
The houses in that locality were
built of stone and brick, and inhabited by
snip laborers, etc.
The officers and men of the Royal School
of Cavalry and the Redemptorist Fathers
went to the rescue with ropes, picks and
shovels. About 600 men were put to work.
The damage is estimated at 5100,000, and
the killed and injured at about fifty.
With the break of day was started afresh
the work of removing the debris of the do*
molished houses, and willing hands dexterously
wielded piclcs, axes and shovels obtained
for them by the City Engineer. The
Royal Canadian School of Cavalry, under
command of Captain Howard and Lieutenant
Lessard, which, with B Battery, had
done oxcellent service throughout the night
and had retired at a late hour in the morning
for necessary repose, returned to work in
good time and continued the valuable aid
given by them during the night.
About twelve o'clock noon the spectators
at the Morgue were horrified to witness a
procession of more dead bodies from the ruins
and they came one after another borne upon
stretchers erected by the men of Ch&mplain
street. They were carried into the River Police
Mrs. McCann, one of the victims, had been
paying a visit to some friends. When found
her position was as if she was about tying the
strings of her bonnet.
Mrs. Burke, one of the victims, met a most
cruel death. When found she was lying under
a cross-beam, terribly strained. At four
o'clock the crushed bodies of Mrs. James
Bradley and one of her children were taken
from the ruins of their home. The body of
Mrs. Martin Ready was also taken from the
Still another sad incident came to notice in
the rescuingof Mr. Farrell at the time of the
calamity. He had his babe in his arms.
The two were found together.
The dead were all laid out in the Water
Police Station, whence about ten were removed
by friends. The Coroner reported decomposition
as having already set in, and
said that the rats wero swarming in immenso
numbers from the wharves, so that he had
to have coffins constructed as rapidly as possible.
Honore Mercier, Prime Minister of the
province; Joseph Shebyn. Provincial Treasurer;
Owen Murphy, M. P. P., and Mr. Fitzpatrick,
Crown Prosecutor, went around and
viewed the bodies in company with the Coroner,
the Sisters of Charity and many priests.
Altogether between eighty and one hundred
people wero injured in one way or anothor.
Sir A. P. Caron and Sir Hector Langevin
both telegraphed their sympathy with the
sufferers, and the former sent down a mili
tary engineer irom tne ttoyai Military college,
Kingston, to inspect the cliff.
ASLEEP MANY YEARS.
Prolonged Stupor of a Minnesota
Man?Strange Effects of Agne.
In the little village of Utica, Minn., lives
Herman Harms, who has been sleeping
soundly most of the time for the last twelve
years. Thousands of people have been
to visit the man. Doctors have come long
distances to seo him. What the secret ol
his long sleep is no one has been able to discover.
The story is not a legend, neither is
the sleeper a myth. He is sleeping still. The
doctors say that he may live and sleep twenty
years to come.
Harms is a German about fifty-one years
old. Twelve years ago he was seized witb
fever and ague. He had long spells of fe'
vered sleep for four years, Then the mysteriouf
spell seemed to leave him, and for three yearc
he was almost a well man. May 12, 1884.
Harms ate his morning meal as usual. Sud
denly he felt stupor coming over Mm. no 1
put down the cup that he held in his hand,
rose and cast himself heavily upon the bed.
Almost before he touched the bed ho was |
asloep. For three years ho slumbered. He
did not even dream. He lived, but it was a
living death. Many remedies were tried, but ]
they did no good.
The strangest thing about this mysterious
man is that in this period of three years
Harms woke every night of his own accord
about 12 o'clock, rose famished, ate his supEer
and went back to bed. Once every day
e emerged from oblivion and talked with his
friends, entered for a few moments into the
old family life and then slipped away again.
At the end of three years he again rose from
his bed, but his limbs had grown weal; from
long disuse. He was able to totter about the
house in a feeble way, in constant fear that
sleep would again overtake him.
For a few days ho walked out in the sunlight.
For a few months he kept awake. Then he
felt the stupor come upon him. His eyes
grew heavy, his limbs leaden, and he sank
down under the weight of sleep. This time
he has been asleoD for nearly two years, but
he does not awako in the way he" formerly
did. Ho cannot rise in bed, and it is plain
that ho is gradually sinking. Now he wakes
only when lie is awakeued. It has been suggested
that ho is in a hypnotic condition,
that while his body sleeps his mind is living
Miss Saxlie L. Buix, of Alaska, has been
appointed a copyist in the Interior Department
at Washington, on certificate from the Civil
Service Commission. Miss Bull is the first
person ever appointed to the department
service from Alaska.
United States Treasurer Huston- recently
signed two checks, one for 117,000,000
and the other for 121,000,000. The checks
are for money that has be^n paid out for
HOW MONEI IS DISBURSED BY
THE UITED STATES.
The Method t Making Payments
Ont of Unle Sam's Big: Cash
and tstal Moneys.
When Congrs has authorized a payI
ment for any purpose the Secretary
promptly advist the Register thereof,
and directs him o make an entry of the
amount on his b?ks under a proper heading,
that it mr be drawn against as
needed. This lone, the Treasury is
ready to pay an claimant the sura due
rxf fViia vnmronafirm flnH if the
llliu VUU Ul VJLlJUJ ? ?
Comptroller has jceived from the Auditor!
approved id in proper form, a
claim made theion, he will, if he sees
no objection to lying it, ask the Secretary
to issue his arrant upon the Treasurer
in favor of the claimant for the
amount stated, i -warrant will consequently
issue, bi it will first go to the
Comptroller, thane may minute it on the
account, then tothe Register, who will
charge the amout to the claimant and to
the proper approriation, enter, it in the
general account i expenditure under the
proper classificatm, then send it to the
Treasurer, who ill pay the claimant as
directed, obtainig his receipt therefor
on the warrant, r on a check issued in
his favor, and tin send warrant and receipt
to the Audor as a credit voucher
for moneys paic out. Thus this pay
warrant, like thi covering warrant, becomes
the authcity for the needed entries
of the amout, and ends its course,
as did the coveng warrant, by becoming
a credit vorher in an account of
The number c warrants issued annually
is about 4,000, and -to prepare,
sign, and propeiy examine and enter
them involves n little clerical labor.
n--A A- ?in fliifl
JDUU lu pay cvci ]juuuv ubuitui u.
way would requi; millions of warrants instead
of thousand, and to avoid such labor
and consequent lelav moneys are drawn
in bulk upon a -arrant in favor of some
disbursing office) and placed in his hands
to distribute amog the claimants upon
their receipt thefor. As a guarantee,
however, the dsburser is required to
give a bond, wii sureties, to the Comptroller,
for the joper disposition of the i
money. Although in this way the claimant
gets his roney without delay, the
Treasury relaxesno vigilance in its scrutiny
of the pament, and if a voucher
rendered is fourt insufficient in any way,
its amotint is ditllowed, and thp officer,
or his bondsme, must make good any
loss the GoverniEnthas sustained through
Of what paments the officers can
properly make, the Auditor is advised
by law, regulatras or by other sources
independent ol the disbursing officer,
and there is no scape from his vigilance.
If payments ha? been made to the army,
the Auditor hai been furnished with the
muster-rolls; iito pensioners, with a list
of pension certicates issued; if to a contractor
for conducting a building or a
war vessel, witl a copy of all contracts
and agreementspertaining>to tne maner;
and if the disursing officer does not
keep himself eually as well informed as
to the law and 2gulations governing the
disbursement aidoes the Auditor, he will
quite likely sodb day pay dearly for his
ignorance. ]?ery year 6,000,000 of
these vouchers re received at the Treasury,
and in ca3 of pay-rolls, hundreds
of names are sonetimes upon one voucher.
Every itei is, however, subjected
to a searching inquiry as to its correctness
in every r?pect, and to avoid possible
chances of /rong, the Comptroller as
well as the Auator examines the vouchers,
thus dupliating the work; yet every
item is passed o, the circulations necessary
are verified and the work completed
in due time by. section of the clerks pertaining
to the Teasury.
Then four tnes every year the fifty
thousand holdes of the public debt want
the interest du<them. The Register has
a record of thes bondholders, where they
live and how mch each one holds. He
therefore, by tfe direction of the Secretary
sends a seiedule of them, near the
close of each carter, to the Treasurer,
who, by same drection, draws a check in
favor of each hlder for the amount due,
payable at thfNew York or other SubTreasury
office. Then puts the fiftythousand
check into the same number of
envelopes and sends them by mail to
their respectivi owners. When paid,
these checks ae returned to the Treasurer,
canceled, nd he wants credit for
their amount. 5o he sends them properly
listed for tha purpose to the Auditor,
to whom the legister has already furnished
a duplicafc schedule of their issue,
and with this s<hedule every check must
be verified beore the credit asked is
given. Many <f the checks, perhaps ten
thousand, are piid upon powers of attorney
to persons lot named in the schedule
or checks, but tie Auditor has every such
power on file, aid he carefully examines
it to see that n( amount has been wrongfully
paid. On; quarter's work is hardly
I done before anrther comes, and the cease
less routine is rpeated.
Then there ire 55,000 Postmasters,
each one of collects and disburses
more or less revenue, and 8000 of them
issue and pay ironey and postal rJers.
The Postoffice -evenues are collected by
the sale of stanps. The Postoffice Department
issues .hese stamps to the several
Postmasters, notifying the Auditor of
the Treasury of ,he amount sent to every
office, and this office must see that of
every stamp sod the G?vernment gets
the proceeds. The moneys received are
not turned into the Treasury like other
moneys, but an immediately paid out
for the salaries ind other expenses of the
postal service. Every quarter the Postmasters,
clerks, route agents, mail carriers
and contractors must be paid whatever
is due then, and proper receipts obtained
and sent, to the Auditor of the
Treasury. TiieAuaitor wr-iuhj
ines every item, and allows only what is
due under the law, <jr by the authority of
the Postoflicc Department, of which he
has been duly advised, and if there is not
money enough to go round, Congress has
provided for the deficiency out of the
Postmasters must also render an account
to the Auditor every week of all
moneys received by the issue of money or
postal orders, and will at same time forward
for crcdit the orders paid by them.
The Auditor must see that all excess of
j money received at any office is at once
shipped to some other office which will
need funds to meet payments of this account.
He must also compare every paid
order received with the account of the
issuing office, to see that the amount ii
properly chargcd therein. About fifteec
millions of these orders, involving $118,
000,000, are issued every year, and tQ
ship the excess of moneys received to
where it will be needed for payment, and \
to examine properly the entries of thesej
millions of orders, involves a stupendous; ' ^
amount of labor, which could hardly bej h ;>
accomplished at all without thoroughly
systematized methods and incessant industry.
But the feat is performed, and " v
by another branch of the clerical force.' v ? i
"Salted" Silver Mines.
Ex-Congressman J. A. Hubbell, of
Michigan, a millionaire mine owner, has j
a keen perception of the humorous. Re- -M
cently a Mail and Express reporter had a
conversation with him at the Fifth : V;
Avenue Hotel about salt and the attempt . >
? oolf fimcf nnf Irtriff HOCi. . .
CVS 1U11XL a i9ail> uuov uvv _ - ,
"I have never dabbled in H 6alt mineJ -;'V^
but I have in a mine salted," he said,j
with rather strong vehemence.
"Do you mean to say that the oldi
trick was played on you?"
"Yes, I do. It was a silver mine J .
The specimens were the finest I ever saw.] .
I became interested, and went to work
with an expert to examine the mine. We \ [i.1
found rich specimens, and it appeared toj .v
be the beginning of another Comstocki ,
lode. I was satisfied,and never once sua- Jjfcs
pected that a trick was being played. Ai "\r.
number of us bought the shrewd pro-r ;
prietor out, each of us giving him $600. '
I induced James G. Blaine to put in
$600 on the strength of my report. Very
soon after work began we discovered a, 5
that the mine had been salted most skill-]
fully. I went to Mr. Blaine and told. .
him the mine had been salted and that? '
our money was lost. He took it very}, philosophically."
"Have you been taken in since!" C M
"No; that experience taught me H "J
lesson. I found out that salting mines *?<
and preparing specimens is a fine art.
Why, these scoundrels that manipulate"
salted mines can put fine quarts spedmens
in so cleverly that it looks like the
t -.. f"
work oi nature. 10 ma&c upuu a wuu ,
rock of gold or silver surface they shoot
the metal from a pistol. I*never go into>
any mining venture unless I do some- >
careful investigation beforehand." . |j
"Is there as much mine salting now as? ' ;
in times past!" ,
"No, and not so much made in mines; iw
as formerly. Men who buy mines now!
| are conservative and do not go in with< "
t their eyes shut. Naturally so many havef '; *
been tricked with salted mines that it
difficult to repeat it over and over again.! v ; ') .
Instead of doing the salting trick th# -f
wild-cat speculators have new methods .v*
and form large companies that deceive the.
unwary. It is getting more and more
difficult to swindle even by the wild-cat .A?
method because the newspapers have sol . '. ;.thoroughly
exposed it. In fact, mining
is beginning to assume a normal, busi- ' v j
ness-like character and the avenues for
bunco miners are growing rapidly less. v
( A Big London Dock.
The Royal Albert Dock (connectedj
with the Victoria by a passage eighty! ..
feet in width) has a water, area of 175acres.
This is of most recent construction,
its completion having been the occasion
for a royal celebration in June, : V
1S80. This dock is a splendid stretch
of waterway almost three miles in ex- . ' ,
tent, with a range of over a mile of iron)
warehouses and double lines of locomotive
tracks and numerous traveling 1
cranes. The dock walls throughout are > ' constructed
entirely of Portland cementl k?^ |
concrete, made and deposited in situ.
The aggregate length of dock and pas-j
sage walls is three and one-half miles.' '
The walls are forty feet high, five feet'
thick at the top and from eighteen toj
nineteen feet thick at the base, and used
up in their construction 500,000 cubic]
yards of concrete, representing 80,000'. r
tons of Portland cement. Three thou"Afi-mon
cJt- hundred or seveni
hundred wagons, seventeen or eighteen .1
locomotive engines, three steam navvies;
and a great quantity of minor machinery;
of various kinds, had been engaged from1
1S75 until the summer of "1880 in theconstruction
of this magnificent system
of docks?a work compared with which1
the building of the pyramids, with!
modern appliances, would have been no'
very signal feat. Kailway trains from!
every company can unload straight into-1
vessels, cattle are driven aboard, the
railway platforms being level with the
receiving decks, and the largest possible
weights of merchandise are lifted by hydraulic
cranes that travel from shed to
shed with singular facility. Ths dock
is lighted with electric lamps, and the
enormous sheds and warehouses are so
constructed that they can be opened out
from end to end.?Boston Transcript.
Fair Clerks in the Treasury Department
Some of the prettiest women in the
nz-mntrr- in the Treasury Department.
A great many of them arc Washingtonians,
but, as a class, they represent
the beauty of about the whole country.1
They are blondes and brunettes; short /
and tall and medium; some plump, some
queenly, some of lythe and willowj; ^
form?they are fairly the types of the
several great cities and about all the States
of the Union. In that one building,
I covering four blocks, is to be found more
beauty than a hunt through many large
cities might discover. A large propor/^^
tion of the female clerks are youngytfrat
least on the minus side of the line beyond
which lies old maidenhood. Office
life is not promotive of longevity, and
many of the elderly women have died off
or reached an age beyond usefulness.
Those who have come into the department
within the past four or five years
are mostly young women, who have just
passed through the normal schools and
have entered the Government service
through the civil service examination.
They are a bright lot of young women.
In many cases it is, perhaps, that they
il. ~ rrirla nf thA fftmllv.
axu tuu pctvivov guM y
which inspires them with an ambition
beyond the drugery of house-work or the
trials of a schoolmarm and induces them
to strive for the more agreeable work .
and better pay under the civil service.' *
And this may account for there being
such a preponderance of good looks.?
I Washington Star.
i A Nice Little Worm.
A little worm, not as large as a baby'si
finger, is crawling over the green leaves
! of the cotton-patches of the South. He
j is a fluffy fellow, light and feather!
footed, and yet he makes more fuss in
j the world than an army on its way with'
banners! The rasping of its teeth as
: they cut the leaf is heard round the
world, and the web it weaves so noisei ; ^
lessly comes as a rumbling cloud. To
England its silent trespass means more ^
than the advance of a Russian army on
i the English outposts in Asia.?Atlanta