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The Press and Banner.
Wednesday, October 9,1889.
The Cotton .Market.
Up to yesterday evening G.:i bales were
chipped In this month. In September, 775
were shipped, making a total shipment of
1,409 bales. In addition to tills, there are perhaps
about 300 bales on the platform, making
the total receipts to date, about l,70? bales.
The price yesterday evening rnngeu inmi
Yesterday and Monday the cotton gins were
not very tiusy. It Is said that the Alliance
has ordered their men not to soil until Friday,
when a large a mount is expected on the
Cotton seed is still in good demand at 20
cents per bushel?30 pouuds?and nearly all
the seed is being promptly sold, as soon as it
The merchants are well pleased with their
' collections, and their sales so far, has been
While there is a good demand for cotton
bagging, and while some farmers will have no
other, yet, from what we gather, some of the
, farmers begin te realize that It Is not to their
advantage to use It. and will do whatever is
to their best Interest.
No new corn has been received in this
market since last week.
We had frost and ice yesterday morning,
and tender vegetation has been hurt. Late
cotton will be considerably cut oil', though
some cotton fields will suffer but little. Frost
Is unusually early this year, the general
average for its appearance being about the
25th or the month, and sometimes as late as
November 1st. The weather, however, is
delightfully pleasant, and the whole Fall has
been extremely favorable 10 me garnering ui
the crops. Almost do rain has fallen, and all
cotton up to this date has sampled well. No
stains have been received up to tbis date.
The good price at wbleb the staple rules and
tbe abundant crops bas made tbe year a most
profitable one to tbe farmer, and those who
have been diligent in business will be handsomely
repaid for their labor.
GREENWOOD S GREETINGS.
Prosperous Condition of her Schools
?Bailroad News of Various Kinds
?Still In the Front Rank of Pro.
Greenwood, S. C., Oct. 7,1889.
Mr. J. H. Gilkey, of Rutherlordtoti, N. U.,
came In last week to buy cotton with Mr.
Speights for Carroll & Stacy. Mr. Capers, who
has bad that position, leaves to buy at the
stations between here and Augusta, making
headquarters at McCormlck.
More than tlfteeu hundred bales have been
received at this market up to date.
Mr. Thomas Riley, Jr., who has been in Savannah
for some time has returned home and
will accept aii important position with the
engineering corps of tbe Georgia, Carolina
una Northern which will make this point
headquarters for several months. Maj. Temple,
with several others, have already arrived.
1). Cardwell, Division Passenger Agent oi
tbe Richmond & Danville Railroad, was registered
at Riley's Hotel last Thursday.
A goodly number of students passed up the
Columbia & Greenville Saturday, en route to
Erskine College, while Prof. H. E. Bonner was
aboard in charge ol many pretty girls who
were going to Due West Female College.
Besides those mentioned last week, many
others have passed through town on their
way to WoiTord College, Spartanburg, S. C.
?J U'lgc O. lutuunaui ui nu^> <u
Greenwood last Friday.
1 Mr. R. A. Pascal, who has been telegraph
aperator In the P. K. and W. C. office for Ave
or six months left yesterday to accept a more
lucrative position with the same company in
Augusta. His many friends here are sorry to
part with him, but rejoice to know that he
lias been promoted. Mr. Horry, who succeeds
him, will receive a warm welcome from our
Miss Genie Henth, of North Carolina, and
MUs Rose Swltzer, ol Spartanburg, are on a
visit u> their fiiend and former schoolmate,
Miss Mary McGbce.
Miss Kate Henderson, of Coronacn, visited
In town last week, much to the'dellght of iter
We were rejoiced yesterday by a visit fnm
our staunch friend and schoolmate. J. H. Mc
Lure, of Chester, who is now with the Georgia,
Carolina and Northern.
Mr. Jiio. B. Bonner leaves to-day lor Augusta
and Columbia In the interest of the ureenwood
A number of our youuir people gathered ai
the Park Hotel last Friday evening and enJoyed
a pleasant sociable. This will i>e lollowed
by many others during Hie winter.
Ourschools, both male and female, arc in a
flourishing condition. The attendance i? already
large, and Is being Increased every
week. The outlook is flatterlug tor a most
The machinery Is t eing unloaded, and work
on the CoujpresH has begun. Mr. Kurber, who
has control, says he expects to have llfty
hands at work to-morrow. It will be read> to
press cottou about the Inst of November.
Bunnwnya and 8iiiHNh-ujM?Ttae Cotton
Market ? Quarterly Conference?Personal
Mention, ?V < .
Lowjjdesville, Octobcr 7tli, 1SS9.
Mr. J. A. Starke, was la town Monday.
Messrs. John Johnson, W. C. DuFre, and
> J. M. Huckabee, of Latimer, were on our
Owing to unfavorable reports our cotton
market was locked for a short time Mondayeven
Mr. P. B. Allen, of Starr, spent Wednesday
among friends In town.
Miss Ittle Allen, of Starr, spent several
days with friends here, beginning with Wednesday
and enaing with Satuiday.
The venerable Dr. J. T. Baskin, ot Monterey,
was a visitor in our town on Thursday
Mr. B. W. Williams, of Penny's creek, was
here on business last Friday.
Mr. Clarence Harper is ajjain matriculated
at Wotford, left home last mouday.
Mrs. T. A. Sberard and children, of Moflatsvllle
have been on a visit to the family of her
brother-in-law, Mr. W. T. Cunninghain.
Miss Lucia Moseiey spent last week at Dr.
J. Q. Johnson's, near Monterey.
Mr. J. Glbbs Baker, left Saturday for Spartanburg
to enter Wott'ord College. He was
accompanied by Mr. J. B. Franks.
Rev. K. P. Franks and wife after spending
about ten days very pleasantly among friends
here left for their home in Kdgelield Wednesday.
Mr. Lester Carlisle, of Anderson, spent yesterday
in this place.
Messrs. Herbert Barn <:s and Wm. Mattison.
of Anderson, spent yes erday ut Mrs. H. Hi
Mr. R. A. McConuell, went to Anderson
Saturday on a short visit to friends.
Miss Alice Maynard, i>f McCormick, is now
ytRlUng the lamily of Mr. \V. L. Bowuiau.
MlsaCorrle Thompson, of Greenville, for
the past week or two lias been visiting her
friend Miss Fannie ilorton.
Miss Leila Grogati, o'Elberton, is now at
Mrs. H. H. Harper's for a two or tliiee week's
To the participants, there was a very pleasant
sociable at Captain J. E. firownlee's Friday
night, our town was represented thereat,
by Messrs. Marke Speer and Edward
Our cotton seed buyers sprung the market
considerably last week. For several days
they paid 26 cents per bushel.
Mr. D. K. Cooley was quite sick for several
days last week?was confined to bed?is now
The fourth, and last for this year, Methodist
quarterly conference for this charge will be
held here in Smyrna church next Saturday
Mr. Clareuce Young of the "Fork" has been
for sometime in business, with Brown Bros.,
Messrs. Barnes and Tennant's increasing
business has rendered it necessary for them
to have additional room lu connection with
their livery stable, and they arc now building
a large house In which to keep the stock, and
buggies and waggons, which they keep lor
The colored folks had a festival at Hutchison's
chapel Friday niielit, and at its close
some turbulent spirits kicked up a row, and
one or two were hurt?not seriously.
During the past week the weaiher was fine,
no rain, but very heavy dews.
Mr. I. H. McCalla hasJust finished the making
and burning of one million, six hundred
thousand brick, at Elberton.
Our planters are now rapidly filling their
storehouses and burns with every thing needful
for man and beast, and their hearts are
being made glad because of the bountiful harvests.
The hurry, push, as well as careless season
is upon us. Visitors as well as people
of business, in coming to town, cannot or do
not, take time to unhitch their teams, and
occasionally a runaway and a smash up is the
couseqnenee, and the wonder is, that there
are not more of them.
V 'rJ- *'
. :: ...
HOW TO TEACH IT IN OUR PUBLIC AND j!
An Essay Itcnd by Prof. W. C. Hell t
Iteforc lli?? Altbcvillo County Tcttrliers"
Association, hold at Hue West.
S. August 21, ISS9.
Not long since. wc had the pleasure of hear- ,
inga masterly discourse from au eminent di-|(
vine of this state. He called on a fellow
minister ofanotherdenomiuaiion to conclude
the exercises wiih prayer, who, apparently
much Impressed with the earnestness and
moved by the eloquence of the distinguished
pulpit orator, thanked God for the message j
he had sent his congregation and assured his t
hearers that while he could neveragree with .
the speakeron the prominent doctrinal points
of his sermon, still ho would loin right hands (
with him on the one grand plan of salvation. (
"Believe and thou shall be saved."
It is possible, and even probable, that our
plan of teaching Geography, taken as a unit,
is the plau of but lew of our co-laborers, aud !
it may be of none, but, like the preachers, if
we do not agree on all the side Issues, we cer- J
tal nly do agree on the importance of the study i
and the need of a more thorough system of
teaching it in our public schools.
"Our earth is, indeed, a world of wonders,
and whether we penetrate Its crust, or explore
its surface, we will ever find opportunity for 1
study, and food for reflection." Tiie ruinous
Dr. Tnlmage said in one of iiis able sermons,
"Xo preacher should expect, by his preaching,
touivehls congregation more religion than '
he himself has." Likewise, no teacher should '
expect, by his teaching, to give his class more 1
Ueography than he himself has. We shall, |
therefore, make, "know it yourself," the major '
premise of this syllonism. When the class presents
itself for recitation, we jnust inspire
them, as It were, with the belief that we ourselves
have mustered the lesson. We must
gain the confidence of our pi^lls, without
which ouretlorts will be fruitless. Confidence
in Thoinas Jonathan Jackson, alias Stonewall
Jackson, enabled his soldiers to overcome
all difficulties, surmount all obstacles
and crown every eflort with success. So when a
class implicitly trusts the knowledge of the
teacher, the greatest obstacle Is surmounted,
the curtain of despair Is rolled back and the
star of hope beckons him onward to success.
We have not Confucianism enough to adopt
the old plan of requiring n pupil to tjpeod
weeks and months dragging over wbole volumes
of map-questions, which, like Iron upon
the page, get larger and larger, and are as best 1
vast collections of information that tend to
lessen the interest of the pupil In this lraportan
t study. Let us rather adopt a course that ,
makes the teaching of Geography by mapSuestions
alone a thing of the past, and en- ;
eavor to Interest the pupil with full descrlp- '
live matter of each country, the people, the '
Industries, physical features, eto. Familiarizing
ourselves with each lesson, we should 1
adopt the plan of private lectures, fully developing
as nearly as possible all the Ideas con- |
tained In the lesson, and requiring each
pupil to take full notes.. In a large class we
always found It mote satisfactory to have no
regularity in nskiDgquestions. Tobegin with
the first in a class of fifteen or twenty and go
regularly around, has a tendency to lessen the 1
interest in the recitation. When one recites,
he knows he will not be called on again until
all the others will have been quesuoceu, it
may be, not again during the entire recitation.
In such instances, it Is but natural for the
pupil tobecome lessattentlveaud, at the same
time, require more of the teachers atteni ion.
We very successfully met such difficulties by
informal questions, asked in a clear distinct
tone, aud never repeated until the entire class
failed. When it was necessary to repeat a
question on account of the pupilslnattentlon.
we did so reluctantly, and at the same time,
lowered the daily average. By this means, we
generally held the attention of the class and
the department was exceptionally good.
However, we found there should be variety
in the recitation. This was obtained in two
1. By giving each pupil a topic to discuss.
2. By requiring the class to recite from the
synopsis which was put on the board as the
beginning of each recitation. We endeavored
at all tunes to give our classes a proper idea of
the sphere of a critic, impressing upon them
that it was not only a privilege but their duty
to rigidly criticise each other. At the same
time, we frequently quoted those familiar
lines of the poet.
"Some have at first for wits, then poets
Turned critics next, and proved plain fools
at last," to show them that by false learning
<ood sense is defaced. Hence, when we varied
the lesson by giving a topic, such as the vegetable,
animal or mineral kingdom with all
subdivisions, we required an oral or wTltlen
treatment, after which we entered freely Into
a general criticism of each other's work,
ncfams nnsslble. all misrepresenta
lions or glaring omissions. As stilted, the
second way for varying the lesson was to discuss
freely thesynopsls. Whether we gave the
full time to the syi?opsls or not, the class was
always briefly questioned as 'o the corrections
of the board exorcise, and when all errors in
facts, spelling or punctuation were corrected,
each pupil recorded the epitome, and in this
way soon possessed a summary of the whole
book, which doubly repaid them during the
hours of monthly reviews. At thebeginnlugoi
each recitation, we hurriedly questioned the
class on the leading points of the lust synopsis,
and showed its connection with the lesson
then under treatment. Thus the chain was
made link by link. We always pursued a
parallel coijrse of reading with the country
under treatment, such us Bishop Marvin's
Travels, Universal History, Arouud the World
In '84 by Gorman, or the History of any
separate country, and at tho close of each
recitation, nave the class two or three facts
i that could not be tound In the regular course,
vet throwing additional light on the subject.
These facts we gleaned from our prlvatocourse.
The class was not required to take notes on
these tacts, but simply to stand a monthly
review without ever havlug them repeated.
They could, therefore, use their own pleasure in
in taking either mental or written notes. No
geographical term was ever dropped until each
member of the class had a clear Idea of its
meaning. This was done by having the term
or terms written on the board, followed by
tho Latin or Greek derivation, or adlngram,
when possible, showing the original meaning.
We found it ulmost Impossible, for instance,
to get the proper idea of a delta until we
marked the course o! a river und drew a
triangle at its mouth. Lagoon, Atoll, etc.
we could never clearly define uutll we represented
an Island of coral formation encircling
a portion of the ocean with a passage
in the ring for the en trace of vessels. When a
term was thus explained, It remained fixed iu
the mind of the pupil. Occasionally wo
would lecture the class the full hour ou the
physical features of each country, showing
carefully how the geographical position and
climate o( a country determine its Industries,
on the advantages and disadvantages of ocean
currents, aiding aud retarding vessels, on the
gulf Stream, "its source, wondrous career nnd
influence on climate." how it radiates heat
which Is borne by the moist west winds
"to the grateful embraocofErln'sand Albion's
shore*, now it enters the Bay of Ulseay, Joins
[the great equatorial current, flows westward
to the coast of Brazil thence to the Gulf from
whence it sprung, on the vegt-table, animal
and mineral kingdoms and their respective
usefulness to mau, on the occupations, condition.",
government and religions of man,
showing that as Chrstianlty breaks the fetters
of Paean ism, feudalism and Mohammedism,
civilization advances, aud monarchies and
oligarchies yield their places to a government
of the people and by the people. We would
Invariably require tho pupils to take notes on
such talks and be prepared to develop more
fully the leading ideas one mouth hence.
Frequently we would consolidate all the
classes and examine them in the grade of the
lowest class represented, always giving the
advantage to the beginners. When uquestlon
was missed, It was passed to some one of a
lower class. Wo also required those who had
finished the regular course to Join in these
oral reviews. This proved an excellent plan
and stimulated all to more thorough work, as
It was very humiliating to be corrected by a
junior in size, age and class. Our idea in
consolidating the classes was not only toreview
the study but also to dispel all self-satlstaction.
We think It lsMticiulay who says,
"tho greatest fault is to be conscious of no
lault." This wo always impressed on our
classes ever striving, Cromwell-llke. to paint
them with all their scars and wrinkles that
they might see themselves as others see
Somo time we would call on some one r.f the
class to assume tho teacher's duties during
that recitation. No previous announcement
of this extra duty was ever made and as such
calls were not infrequent and not limited,
they would all prepare the lesson with a sweet
hope and a lingering fear. At the close of the
recitation, wo would all mention leading
facts that had been omitted by the teacher,
and urge him to more thorough preparation.
We neither considered size norago lu promoting
a pupil. If he was not prepared for a
promotion, we utterly disregarded all promises,
parental requests, ctc., and required him
to try again.. Experience and observation
have taught us that oue partially prepared
pupil in eacn class is a sumcieuiscreen 10 conceal
all others when we lay down certain
rules by which the recitation Is to be accepted
or rejected. We think it better, therefore, to
assign short lessons, require thorough recitations
and refuse all promotions when not
The first aid to the study of Geography is
map-drawing, or rather map-sketching, as we
lay 110 claim to the Held of the chartographer.
On the importance of map-sketching there is
evidently no diflerence of opinion. "it fully
and permanently impresses upon the memory
all forms correctly delineateil, it increases the
Interest In geographical study, as it is more
attractive than an oral recitation, and experience
proves the progress to be the most rapid,
satisfactory, and thorough. In the end." The
diflerence of opinion will likely arise on the |
method of teaching it. A few years ago.
while traveling in Anderson County, an old
gentlemen advised us to make some change
on our harness. Thinking the change unnecessary,
we replied. It works better as It Is. In
a few moments he repeated the advice, to|
which we make the same reply. Thi n fixing.
his eye upon us, he very calmly said, "my |
young friend, I would advise you to do just as
you please." We shall very briefly give our'
, v -V* ."Y* '' ;
netltod of map-sketching and then refer you
,o the final Htlvlce of the old gentlemen.
Musicians say, buy in lite study of music while
he child Is young. We find tlie same rule
ivorks In map-sketching. This Important
work wasahvays begun in the first clasp, while
tlio fingers were nimbleund thejmind flexible.
We, of course, did not require fin is lied ma;-s
from primaries, but rather drilled them In
black board exercises, practicing them in
drawing straight lines, triangles of all kinds,
ynadrilati-rals, circles, etc.; and at the same
time. dividing them by vertical and horizon
till lines. When tin! class could exeeut?thls
with accuracy, we would I lieu diagram on t lie
board some simple map and require them
Locopy It "until they were familiar with Its
execution, and could readily name the points
mid lines." This Is about the full extent of
our lessons on map-sketching in the primary
class. In the second class, wc more fully developed
the idea of distance, direction and
position, the use of a scale of miles, and the
trawing of outlines. We required this class
to draw outlines of their own community,
locating postolllces, school houses, churches,
dwellings, bridges, noting all cross-roads,
coursing rivers and marking all striking physsical
features, also to locate contour lines in
regular map-sketching by the use of parallels
?nd meridians. Having thoroughly mastered
all these essentials of map-sketching and
made the a vein it e in the Geography course
proper, the pupil was promoted to the highest
step, where the cultivation of the vineyard
In a manner ceased and the careworn teacher
enjoyed the delicious fruits of his own planting.
Each pupil of this class was required to
sketch a map monthly, using the scale, par
allelsand meridians una locating mi nvcm,
important places, mountains, etc. These
maps were exhibited to the class, all defects
pointed outand returned to the pupil when
?raded oelow the average. Occasionally the
class were required to sketch the same map,
after which someone put an outline on the
board for a general criticism. Each pupil
selected a map from Ills yearly supply, or
drew an extra one as ho thought best, and
these were presented to a disinterested com
mlttee which decided the first second and third
best map sketcher In the class. These decls
Ions were announced at the close <?( the school
In the form of distinctions. We consider
map-sketching an Important factor, and then,
too, It evluently furnishes an additional
of convenient and profitable class-recitation.
A. teacher having before him maps drawn by
his class can measure the protloiency of each
pupil with a degree of thoroughness not attainable
under a purely oral system of recitation."
The second aid to the study of Geography is
wall-maps. In our country schools where we
neetthe opposition ol so many claimed to be
well Informed and educalcd men when an
effort is made to repair the well ventilated
log cabins that dot our beloved Southland, we
need not expect to find wall-maps and globes,
which are verily the sine qua tioiw of a proper
understanding of Geography. Each school
should have at least a map of the United
States, and if possible, maps of the entire
earth. It is a good plan to keep some one at
the map durlug each regular recitation, and
as a map question Is asked, let blm direct the
attention of the class to the place or places In
question, let him point out the source, direction,
mouth and tributaries of each important
river, the water-sheds, explaining thereIrom
the cause of river systems, let him note
the advantages of a section over another, arising
from quality of soil, water-power, harbors
and climate affected by sea-breeze and elevation.
let him note carefully the position of all
importantmountalns, their respective heights,
and other characteristics, the deserts, ana different
mineral regions. These are but few of
the many things that can be inoro successful
ly impressed un me uiiuu ui i.uc jiu^u ,.v
(juent references to wall-maps.
It is u lamentable fact, and we arc slow to
admit It, Mat so many ol'our people, so many
of our teachers, can find no advantage derived
from such school property, and hence denounce
It as an unnecessary expenditure of
money, claiming that it is lor better to run
the schools one or two weeks longer. The
only question with us is, do they believe
what they anvocate or is there any selfish
motive In their actions. We should never
forget the noble words of that grand old
statesman. "I would rattier be right than be
The third aid to the study of Geography is
globes. In fact, It is well-utgh Impossible to
get a correct idea of geography without.globe*,
but here, too, we hear the cry, "we are not
able." It la high time we were sacrificing
some of our so called pleasures and, like the
Russian soldiers, marching "Into the ditch of
Sehurldnltz Fort," only to fill up the ditch
with our dead bodies, that others may pass
over and take our places with all the improvements
of this age.
We should use the globe in all classes.
With it we eati easily give a class the idea of the
earth's shape, and bringtheni intoa tangible
relation' with .those otherwise iucomprenensible
terms, axes, pcles, latitude and longitude,
showing why latitude cannot exceed ninety
degrees, nor longitude one hundred and
eighty, we can show the relative positions ot
countries, get a correct idea of antl-pode*, and
iiiinmulv tli? himnilnriofs mid
striking characteristics of the five zoncH.
rotating the globe on its axis and nt the name
t?me revolving it in 11k orbit, having a lamp
to represent the sun, we can show the two
motions of the earth aud the result of each,
the circle of illumination, and explain the
difference of time between places ol different
longitude, or now a speech delivered in London
can be in the American press in point of
tiuio at least one hour before it is delivered.
Thus we can make impressions on the mind
of the pupil that will remain undimmed
through the vicissitudes of life, and when t he
current of human existence will have borne
them "through the temperate regions of manhood
and womanhood, fruitful and hurvesthued,
on to the frigid, lonely shores of dreary
old age, snow-crowned and lce-velued,-' when
the evening zephyrs will have wafted on their
hoary heads alternate breezes ot iiope and despondency,
Joy and sorrow, pleasure and pain,
they will still be oases in the desert of memory.
The fourth aid to the study of Geography, or
of anything else, is the marking system. We
always kept a daily record of each lesson
which was read weekly. At the close of each
month, we gave the class an examination
over the month's work, rigidly marked their
papers, combined the dally average and examination,
got the monthly average and sent
It to the parentorguardian when below seven.
It is well to have a good method fordolnganythtng,
but. after ull, it Is the man and not the
method that does the work.
If we fall short in our duly, if we fall to be
reasonable, firm and strict in our requirements,
the progress of the class will be correspondingly
checked. In conclusion, pardon
a short reference to our class of 18-17. It consisted
of thirteen pupils studying Appleton's
Higher Geography. We pursued our regular
plan, but made no extra effort for requiring
them to reach thejaverage. Gradually the work
grew more unsatisfactory, and one by one the
deficient roll Increased, until out or the thirteen
one made the average. About ninetytwo
per cent, of the class failed. The next
month, much opposed by some of the better
Informed patrons, we required the class to
recite during the noon recess, when fhelr
daily average failed to grade seven. At the
close of the month, after standing the exam
inatlon, oul or the thirteen nine maue ttie
average. Not quite thirty-oue per cent, failed.
In the one case, ninety-two per cent, failed. In
the other, with lessons of equal length, the
same method and the same teacher, but an
extra effort for requiring them to reach the
average, thirty-one percent, failed Some of
the world's britihtest lights prove that true
greatness does not come alone from schools
and colleges, but truly the march of Intellect,
is due more to our teachers than to any other
class, and the way is open to crown our efforts
with success orcrystalizethem into synonyms
NINETY-SIX NEWS AND NOTES.
The Oil Mill Men and the I'iiraiors
Wlio Nell NocmI.?A 11 luitve Xown?
Visitors nn?l Students in llie City.
NlNKTY-Stx, October 10i.li, 18S9.
Quite a number of our farmers attended the
alliance meeting at Abbeviliu last Filday.
They are well pleased with ttic situation and
we trust they stick together and better their
Miss Sherard, of Anderson, has been visiting
Mrs. \V. Y. Shcruid.
Mr. J. S. Wilson, after a sojourn of some
weeks in Pendleton, has returned. Ho says
Pendleton lias the finest horses, but NinetySix
the prettiest girls.
A representative of the Charlotte oil mill
was In town last week, the object of his visit
was to form a combination on the purchase
of cotton seed. This Is directly against the
farmer. Our mill men would not touch him,
and he went away satisfied, we hope that our
home agents want to do right by the planter.
It Is the duty of every producer of seed to sell
them to ourown mills, who will give them a
fnll ni'lfd ?in?l rofiiKA lit. nnv Mm#* t.n ont.p.r unv
combination with trusts or unscrupulous
Miss Denny the mllliucr and mantua-makor
from Baltimore, lias urrlveil. Now we hope
our ladies will not have to run to other places
for their work in that line.
No ilouht about frost yesterday morning. 1
Fifteen additions to the alliance last SaMir- I
day and eighteen petitions for membership j
for next meeting.
Colonel J. H. Klco has shown us three
Keifer pears that weigh seventeen ounces
each. The finest we lmvo ever seen.
Miss'league, of Newberry, is visiting the,
Mr. T.T. Beachani and family, have moved
to Clifton. We are indeed sorry t<? sec Mr. I
Beachani leave. We commend him to tlie i
good people of Clifton, he is a gentleman ini
every sensoof the word.
Mrs. A. J. and Henry C. Cauthen, left iast|
week for Wolt'ord College. They tire nieei
young men and Ninety-Six is justly proud ofi
Colonel Utsey camo up on ft flying visit to
his family last .Sunday. He Is now located at'
Vance's the Junction of the Eutawvillo and
Mr. George M. AnderRon. is ginning from j
twenty to twenty-five bales of cotton perl
The Vaughn ville Alliance brought a hun-l
dred bales of cotton to Ninety-Six yesterday i
in one lot.
Preaching last Sunday In; all three of tho I
' r.'-'.y /
HOW TO INTEREST CHILDREN.
Rcail AntfttHt 21, 1SS!?, Before the
Teaclicrt' Institute nt Duo West,
by Jliss S. Lrnntt IJlake, of Greenwood.
The mind of a child mny he compared to
the camera?obscura. Jt. receives impressions
from surrounding objects, and the strength of
the impression varies In proportion to the
clearness of t lie object before t he glass.
There is u diversity of minds in children,
hence the modus operimdi for arousing the
Interest In one, might fail to elicit the attention
of another; and it Is only the thoughtful
teacher who succeeds in concentrating their
wandering thom/hts and guin their proper attention.
Too often a child's indifference to its books
Is mistaken for an incapacity to learn, when,
if the truth were known, the healthy germ is
there dormant, as it were, till the proper
means ate applied to make It grow and
branch out. into new realms of thought: then
in consideration of the Ml means lor interesting
children we are brought to conclusion?
1st. In behalf of the amalltr children, let us
erect a monument to the bluc-back spelling
book for what it hits done for us and some of
our learned forefathers. n.nd with dne respect
for the time honored Inttructor, let tn bury it'
to rise no more.
It is no longer essential to the training of
children In spelling and reading. The reading
chart which is rapidly coming Into use, Is
destined to supply the long-felt need as a
means of drawing out original Ideas, and thus
proves a sure method of securing their interest
and attention. The chart first teaches the
u-ord. method, and, as an assistance. Introduces
pictures of tilings that they have seen
representing those words, and they distinguish
the difference in appenrante between the two
words, Just as they distinguish the difference
between the pictures wlilcn represent thetn.
The next Is the phonetic method. They
know the letters In a word us having sounds
not names. Thus, the names of letters in a
word conveys to them no Idea whatever of
whut that word Is. hence they are dealing
with the abstract and have nothing to encourage
and draw out their own conclusions.
On the other hand, when they learn the
sounds of letters, they recognize those sounds
when they sec the letters representing them
grouped, and at a glance, the word is suggested
by the combination. The effect ot this
plan Is at otice noticeable and often astonishing.
Each little mind is at work building words
and striving to attain the honor of naming
them llrst.. The interest in children cannot
be kept up by the monotonous routine of
merely asking the questions In the lesson.
Give them a sphere for new thought, and lay
out pleasant paths through which we can lead
them aud Interest both them and ourselves as
they eagerly seek and cull the wayside flowEach
lesson should be Illustrated by familiar
representations, and. with a careful attention
on the part of the teacher, the Interest of
chlldreu may be so heightened as to cau?e
them notonly to enjey their recitations, but
to look forward to them with pleasure.
2nd. To secure further Interest, extract everything
from each lesson that would attract
the infant mind.
The simple narration of the story in the
reading lesson by them, with the privilege of
expressing their ideas of it, or of announcing
a word that was inlsprotiounced, will serve to
form the habit of dose attention, without
which, progress. to a grout oxtcut would become
a word without significance.
3rd. To Insure interest, give them the opportunity
of Indulging in rivalry.
It is true this privilege may he abused, but
the principle is one upon which muy be built
the most encouraging results. We should
Impress them wttli the idea of excelling, lor
"the good is the greatest enemy of the best."
It is presumed thul any child of even ordinary
endowments may become interested by
proper methods, and when tho teacher has,
r?y close observation and diligent study or its
capacity to learn, found and applied those
methods, he has tho "open sesame" lo success:
then wiili the interest of each one secured,
he may, with certainty, expect to see his
Let ihcm believe that wc arc expecting
much from them, and, ordinarily, we will not
be disappointed. It Is scarcely necessary to
add, that the great motive power which underlies
the action Is the confidence existing between
toucher and pupil. They must love and
respect i heir teacher, for any other mo live in
a child than that which Is actuated by a desire
to please and excel, is no sure incentive
4th. As a means of securing Interest a
teachcr should inculcate as soon as possible,
the idea of studying as u duty to self. As soon
as they arc old enough to appreciate In any
degree, the great importance of this duty, it
becomes one of the strongest means of arousing
the noble impulses of their natures.
A child that studies merely through fenr of
punishment or some such motive, Is far from
the suie road to success.
oth. When a child makes an honest effort to
learn, be the result what It may, commend
himiorit. Merited praise is a reward which
satisfies better than gold. It is an inherent
principle of humanity to appreciate the sincere
commendation of what is faithfully performed;
and with this inestimable girt bestowed
upon the faithful scholar, we will see
IIIIC 511 ITXC W1 lliwgrcffo?IUVJ lilgucot JOward
of the earnest teacher.
BAD WAY OF UPHOLDING ANY CAU8E.
Anarchy and Undemocratic Methods
Deprecated? Honest mid Bold C'rlt*
leisin Should be Appreciated More
than Npccial Commendation.
Editor of the Greenville News:
It Is disttiictly understood that we believe
in and belong to the Alliance and will work
for its best Interests We do and must deprecate
anarchic and undemocratic methods ol
controlling the Alliance?or if you prefer It,
Is it necessary for us to adopt so un-American
a method to accomplish our ends? Does
the succt-ss or failure of the uims of the Alliance
depend upon approval of ouu man or
There is a tinge of the spirltof Independence
about the editor of The Greenville News of
October 1st that personally we appreciate, but
as an Alliance man it savors too much of a
challenge, Still we admire the candor ol
Thk News, and are not forgetful of its yeoman
service in the past.
Honest, open, bold criticism we should appreciate
more than special commendation.
Blind, thoughtless adherence to men or
measures, we have never appreciated. Let us
think for ourselves, and at the same time
realize the fact that the best friends of political
or economic truths are those who
aid their administration; by this wo mean
defend when right, and oppose when wrong.
Attrition, friction never nurls the gem.
As seen from our mountain eyrie, weare Inclined
to appreciate the fearless, candid criticism
of the Greenville News, and believe that
our friends of Fork Shoals, S. I!., are a little
f.f't us iieeeot well-meantcritlcism and profit
All elegant line of Rubber couts for boys
and men at 1*. Rosenberg & Co.
School boys In need of a (rood Rubber cout
can liad them In all sixes at Rosenberg it Co.
Roots and shoes for all. Among all tbo
numerous lines of goods carried by White
Brothers if there Is any one that may be considered
a specialty it is that of Roots and
Shoes. They have shoes of all sizes, all styles
and prices. Come and get shod for tho winter.
Gentlemen cun get a complete outfit at the
store of White Hrothers.
First buy a vallso, and then fill it with fine
clothing, the very best unlnuiidricd or laundried
shirts",'drawers, socks, collars, handkerchiefs,
cravats, undershirts, and whatever
else you may choso to buy.
Look at those beautiful carpets and rugs at
the store of White it rot hers.
Carpeting was never cheaper than It is this
season. As a special bargain, a good quality
of Brussels carpeting Is oll'eredat SO cents per
yard. While Urol liars.
Don't forget to buy your clothing from
White Brothers. Their stock of Kali and
I Winter suits and overcoats cannot be surpassed.
Try a suit of their elegantly titling
clothing and then in the future you will not
have any other make.
Shoe polish best grade at R. M. I-Iaddon
z.i(i jersey jucivOis Diacit ana coioruu ul jv.
Iladdoti & Co.
Remember we carry a linoof Priestley's celebrated
black and grey silk warp and all-wool
fabrics. These are the most thoroughly reliable
goods in the market. They are made of
the finest silk niul wool and arc the same in
nualltp, weight width and shade. It. M. Hadcion
Tlie latest American and Parisian designs In
hats ami bonnets, also a beautiful line of iial
trim minus in fi at tiers, birds, (lowers, ribbons,
ite. 'J'liis is our open ingjday. uivo us a call.
It. M. liaddoii it Co.
Chenille art applique for fancy work at Had
Hope silk, wash silk, filling silk, embroidery
silk, arresene, tc? at iladdon's.
The handsome line of French flannels for
tilouses and jackets ever brought to Abbeville
to be had at iladdon's.
Lunch b isk 'Is at \V. E. II di's.
iSaskets of every description at \V. K. Boil
Shoes for boys and eirls in nil grades, and
very cheap. 1*. Rosenberg it Co.
You can't aflord to miss our bargains in all
dry goods. P. Rosenberg & Co.
Farmers attention! Wo want you to inspect
our immense stock of Jeans and other
pants goods. P. Rosenberg & Co.
Fifty reels barbed wire ior fences Just received
by p. Rosenberg it Co.
If you have one or several pairs of shoes to
buy look at our stock. P. Rosenberg it Co. #
Lunch baskets at \V. K, Hell's.
Parents will find it to their Interest, to inspect
our slock of boy's clothing In all sizes
and at all prices. P. Rosenberg it Co,
For tbe Month of October.
October, while one of the most perfect Jn its
temperature, Its g> ntle zephyrs, its cool mornings,
with It# glories of departed summer and
its wealth of harvests ripe for tbe garner, is
always exacting and frequently conflicting in
Its demands on the skill, Judgment and industry
of the farmer. The urgency of the cotton
harvest has many a time defeated the purpose
of tbe farmer to sow a larger area In oats.
While we press the importance of rapidly
bousing tbe last opening cotton, at the same
time there are other things that may not bo
neglected or postponed to a "convenient season."
SOWING OATS AFTER COTTON.
We repeat our previous suggestions about
sowing oais In the cotton tielu. Among the
various plans and conditions to save time, to
Insure protection against winter killing, and a
bounteous yield at harvest time, there is none
that has given us better results than tbe plan
of sowing, oats iu drills l.i the coiton field
The worit may be done In September In the
unnpr cotton belt, and eoi?tlnu<?d throueh Oc
tober and November as tbe latitude decreases.
One who has newer seen such work done in
the cotton fields Is apt to think that great loss
of cotton aDd damage to the stalks would result.
But there is no difficulty and no loss
worth mentioning. All that is required is to
put cotton pickers enough in the Held to gather
the cotton ?row by row?as fast as the plows
<*re to plow in the grain. Let tneouts be sown
either broadcast aod plowed in with scooter
and scrape, sweep, double shovel or "Plauet,
Jr., Cultivator," as may be found to do the
work most satisfactorily. We have more
than once adopted tne simple plan of laying
off two furrows in each middle or row of conton
with a small scooter, drilling the seed oats
by means of guano trumpet and then covering
the two rows at one trip by using a scooter
and wide wing sweep. A machine for drilling
in small^rain in the cotton fields, that will do
the worlt In a satisfactory jnanner, would be
worth a great deal to the Southern cotton farmer.
The cotton field is Just the place to sow
oats, for several reasons: The cotton field has
been under clean culture since spring and is
usually pretty bare and naked, and Is exposed
to the danger of washing and leaching rains of
winter ana spring. The soil needs a crop or
growing grain to bind it together by means of
its countless roots and rootlets. Another reason
is found in the fact that the great bulk of
commercial fertilizers used in the South is applied
to cotton, and a considerable percentage
of the fertilizers so applied to the cotton crop
remains in the soil teady for the use ot the
closely following small grain crop. Another
reason Is the fact that the ail-summer plowing
and hoeing of the cotton is an excellent preparation
for the small grain.
In regard to drilling id the oats, there Is no
doubt tnat drilled oats stand tbe winter better
than when sown and plowed and harrowed to
a level surface. The aim should be to sow early
enough for the plants to get firitf hold of
tbe soli, the roots being interlaced and matted
so as to prevent heavlug or "sprewlug out"
the individual plants.
We have already given timely exhortations
on this subject and recur to It now only In the
way of a reminder. We are glad to note that
the Commissioner of Agriculture of Oeorgla,
Hon. J. T* Henderson, Is distributing seeds of
several of the leading varieties of grass to the
farmers of his State. Till* Is a tnovo In the
It should be remembered that good grass
cannot be produced on poor soli. Indeed,
with one or two exceptions, the really valuable
cultivated grasses will not even live
through a single season on poor and unthrifty
soil. But It does not require a heavy application
of manure to start the young grass off
vigorously, and It Is easy to add more in the
way of top-dressing in the spring. The cotton
Held Is also an excellent place for sowing
grass for the same reasons that have just been
in the case of oats.
We were "taken to task" two years ago for
advising Southern formers not to sow wheal
simply lor the sake of diversity of crops, or
because flour Is an Indispensable article of
food. Of course we were Hying Into the very
face of the threadbare advice to "diversify
your crops; plant and produce everything
needed for home consumption," etc. Much a
rdle is entirely too broad, in one sense, and
yet narrow or hidebound. The farmer should
not attempt lo blludly follow such an unqualified
rule, but he should be governed by his
right reason and sound common sense. The
time was when the farmers of Middle and even
of Southwest Georgia found It more or less
desirable and expedient to sow wheat. Those
were the days of high freights and high prices
and before* the development of the gfeat
wheat prairie region of the Northwest. The
rule now should be to plant wheat only where
the soil Is known to be especially favorable to
its productions. A high and dry gray or
chocolate soil, underlaid by clay, will be most
?n uitAAoA/1 ouno/ilu lltr f f ruthflf thin Af
worn, and helped by a couple of hundred
pounds of cattoo seed mesl compost. Dark,
rich soils are not good for wheat In the South:
the tendency to rust Is too decided.
Minnie Lee Richardson, aged
nine years, and two and a half months,
died on the 25th of September, 1889.
She wa9 sick only five days, but during
this short time her piety Shone
forth with great brightness, and all
were satisfied that she-fell asleep in
Jesus. She talked a great deal about
going to heaven to live with Jesus,
and on the third day she called her
mother aad said : "Ma, I am going to
die, but I will go home to lieaveu
and during her entire sickness, she
said that Jesus would carry her
She then sang the chorus :
"O Jesus, receive me I
No more will I grieve thee?
Tbou precious Redeemer,
Oh t save me at the cross!"
She also sang:
"What a friend we have In Jesus!"
On the fourth day she still said she
was going to heaven.
On the fifth ?lay she spoke earnestly
of passing from this world to brighter
mansious in heaven, and throwing
her arms around her father's neck, she
said, "Kiss me, Pa, I am going home
to heaven to live with Jesus." Then
she said to her cousin : "Lula, wash
my hands," and when she had washed
them she thanked her and said, "I
, thank everybody who has come to see
me, or has done anything for me,"
Then turning to her father she repeated
the Lord's Prayer, calling every
word distinctly. Btie tnen sang iwo
or three times the chorus, "Bringing
iu the sheaves." Then growing weaker,
she repeated in a low voice, "I am
About six o'clock on Wednesday
morning her spirit took its flight to
Her funeral services were conducted
in the Methodist church at Gilgal by
Rev. It. R. Dagnall. He read the 90th
Psalm, and preached from II Samuel,
12tli chapter, 22nd and 23rd verses.
Her remains were then laid away in
the Gilgal cemetery to await the second
coming of Christ.
Sho is singing, sweetly singing,
,Tn tlie paradUe above,
Where celestial courts ure ringing,
With the melody of love.
One by one the Savi-uir gathers,
Earthly minstrels for his own.
And our Minuie has joined tlie chorus
Of the angels 'round the throne.
She Is waiting, ever waiting,
For the friends she loved the best,
And she'll gladly hail their coining
To the mansions of the blest.
One by one the Lord will call us,
As our labor here Is done.
And then, as we cross tlie River,
We may meet her, one by one.
Call on White Brothers and examine their
rust proof seed oats which they are now offering
for sale in quantities from one to ono
Children shoes at great reduction at Wm. E.
I We desire to call the attention of our friends
' and the public generally to our full stock ot
' lirocerles. We pay particular attention to
! the wants of the Inner man, and keep always
'on hand everything desirable In the way of,
heavy groceries, flour, meal, bacon, lard, >no-|
lasses sugar, rice, coffee, leas, hams &c. An
excellent assortment ot fancy groceries, |
'canned goods,candlcs,crackers ??c., fill our
I shelves, toods first class, and prices down to
' rock bottom. Smith <fc Son.
Sportsmen call on Smith J: Son when In I
need of anything In the shooting line'
Breech and muzzle loading shotguns, reload
Ing Implements, shot, powder, shells audi
caps at very low prices.
. . %%&ii
V ;v- ' 1 \
' ' .
Good ProHpccts for tli? Collcgen?Sad
Dentil of Mrs. Dr. Itoblnxon? PerRonnlN
mid Oilier MuUor* of General
West, S. 0., Oct. 7, 188.0.
The colleges opened well.
A ureal number or new faces on our streets.
Rev. Knox hu.s gone to the Aleghauy Seminary.
Real estate In Brookllu is booming.
Rev. Walter Haddon ami family arrived in
Due West last Thursday and are the guests of
Mr. J. A. Devlin.
Belle of the South, two years old. pi ves four
gallons of milk per day. Attention, "East
Mr. Kirkpatrlck has moved Into Mr. J. B.
Bonner's house. He will enter the Seminary.
President J. C. Little, of the Louisville and
Wadley railroad brought a son and daughter
to the colleges. He accompanied tliein to see
that they got started straight. President Little
Is a great friend of Due West. He expects
to give hi* children a good education. He 1b
a capital man.
Our merchants did a good business Saturday.
Money is coming in freely and every
one is in good spirit.
Dr. J. L. Miller has been quite sick. Mr. W.
? ..... . ? __ OIK.. In unma
ju. miner wub sent tur. jluo ? ?w...w
West End, the Brooklln of Doe Weat In
clamoring for a city government. They nave
enough men to man the offices. Ah the salaries
will be large the positions will be very
Mr. B. C. DnPre was on ourstreets Saturday
looking exceedingly well. Washington lire
has agreed with him. Hesays Judge Cotbran
promises him u good position In Vvashlngtou
There was frost Monday morning. As wc
looked out on President" Kennedy's clover
patch the leaves were coated with the "hoar
Mrs. W. A. Todd has organized a school In
Brooklln. She is a good teacher.
President Kennedy and Dr. J. L. Miller
have been elected unanimonsiy by the Associate
Reformed Session, delegates. The one as
principal and the other alternate, to the Associate
Reformed Synod th?t meets at Prosperity,
S. G\, last of the montb.
The death of Mrs. Dr. Robinson In the man'
nerofher taking off Is heartrending. Tbe
busbandand motherless oblldren bave tbe
sympathy of every one in no small degree.
Mrs. Robinson was a most excellent woman*
She was burled at Little River. Tbree ministers
Rev. Walter Haddon preached two excellent
nermons Sabbath morn in it and evening.
He spoke with animation. He is pastor of
old Providence. i
Mr. J. A. Devlin's horse "Dude" has developed
into one of the finest pullers as well
as travellers In tbe county.
Guess what three young men sat on a store
porch last Sabbalb morning during preaching
hour lu two hundred yards ol tbe >er*
All the teachers are back nt their post and
the colleges move off smoothly and with full
The Female College has opened fnller than
for years. Junlor class first day 28. and Senior
cluss 18. The bearding capacity of the college
will bn pressed to thu uttermost.
The Male College opened quite favorably
and n number of vonne men vet to coine in.
Dr. Grler reports tbe prospects are good. A
large number of new students as In attendance.
Mrs. Kittle Waller and children are at Mr
R. C. Brow.: lee's.
Mr. J. B. Bonner Is in town.
R. S. G.
Snpport Home Kew?pnp?rii.
Baltimore Manu/acturerr' Record.
Many limes within a few years we have
urged upon our readers to sustain their local
newspapers, provided they were Buch in fact,
and not in name alone. We know very well
that all through the country men are publishing
what are culled by courtesy newspapers,
that are no more like the genuine article thun
it toadstool is to a mushroom. Aud as tbe
one is unpleasant and poisonous, while tbe
other Is paiutable and nutritious, so tbe noaccount
paper Is an injury to any locality,
while a live, enterprising Journal, however
small, is a power for good.
Within a few years newspapers have come
Into being in tbe South as thick as toadB after
u shower. Many proved themselves worthy
the name, while many more showed conclaslvely
that their projectors hnd mistaken their
vocation, and after a few weeks or months
they disappeared. Unfortunately the injnry
they did to legHmate Journalism did not die
with them. The legacy they left their unfortunate
subfcribere was a distrust of and contempt
for newspapers in general, and a desire
to get bold of first class Journals and learn
what was going on in tbe world without cost
to themselves. Every business manager of
a live paper could give repeated illustrations
? * '?? ? l*l?? ??bii avrtitrlan/to Panonflv
VI (.Ilia IIUIU inn U*T U vo^/vi ivtivvi Jkcvuvu ai^
while visiting the editor of an Influential and
deservedly popular dally paper in a large
Southern city, we were shown two letters received
In that dny's mall. One wax from a
business man lu a neighboring town whopald
his subscription to iaieand.ordered the paper
stopped. He said that be bad taken it fifteen
years mid bad always been pleased with it,
but that for many months he had not seen
bis copy an average of once a week, for some
neighbor would borrow it, read it, lend It to
another and so on, and when at night be
wanted it, it was gone, no one knew where.
He thought he was doing the publishers an
injustice as well as himself and had concluded
to stop for awhile until some of his neighdors
could be induced to tuke It, and then he*
would renew his owi>|subscriptJon. The other
letter was to this erfect: "My neighbor, Mr.
A., has not received your paper last four
days. As several of us depended upon It for the
news, we will feel much obliged if you will
attend to this at once and see that there 1s no
Many publishers could relate similar experiences.
Journeying leisurely in the
mountains not long since, we saw oneSnnday
durlug the noon intermission a group of a
dozen or more surrouudlng one man who was
reading from a paper. We learued that he
was the only cltizien , of that vicinity who
took a newspaper of any kind, and that whenever
there was preaching at that cross-road
meeting house he was expeced to bring his
weekly paper and read it to the others.
It is safe to say that the really able weekly
newspapers publshed in tbe South average
twenty readers to one subscriber, while for
that number of readers there should be at least
four subscribers. Now where does the fault
lie? Certainly not with tbe editors and
publishers. They are a* a whole, the greatest
worKers in i>ijcu icop^hMc wuii*iuu<??v0.
They give their time, bruins, energy and experience
to their vocation, and are usually
the uctlve promoters of everything that will
benefit the public. If they are at lault at all
It is in the lact that In their zeal for the
public welfare they ofiea forget their own,
and give the use of their columns gratuitously
when they should be paid liberally for the
spuce occupied. The responsibility for sustaining
alive newspaper In any locality devolves
upon the eutlre community. For
merchants it Is the best medium for reaching
the people. A well-worded end well-displayed
advertisement in a newspaper draws more '
than all the circulars they can issue or handbill!
and sign boards they can post In their
Counties. The merchant should therefore
advertles liberally, and also Influence his
custoners to take the paper he usesas his med- .
ium. The latter will respect his opinion and
follow,his advice, and then, as their families
read from week to wt-ek tno misceiiuueous
columns, they will be Insensibly led to feel
many new wants that lie can supply, for
every good newspaper contains items showing
wbatiother people, the world over, are wear
ing or eating, or what tools they are using, or
what new household stud', or labor-saving
machines have been introduced, and reading
about these things creates a dislre for them
that will eventually lend to their purchase.
* * Support your home newspapers for
the good they have done, are doing, and will
continue to be to you.
? 4^ ?
At White Brothers new grocery store can
always be found the very best selection of
provisions, staple and fancy groceries, wheat,
rye, oats and barley for seed. Hardware potware,
wooden-ware, saddles Ac.
The finest assortment of canned goods to be
found anywhere. White Brothers.
White Brothers have a very extensive and
attractive stock of ladles cloaks, consisting
of Jackets, modjeskas, wraps, new markets,
Ac.. Ac. The ladies are all invited to call and
look at them. Prices are low.
White Brothers always carry a la^b line
of staple dry goods. Their stock of shirtings
and sheetings, print*, ginghams, tickings,
red and white flannels, table linens, blankets,
niece iroods for men and boys clothing was
never larger thuii ut present."
A full line of Thomson'# celebrated glove fitting
corsets, besides many oilier popular
brands can be had at Haddon's.
Some rich novelties In trimming brasld
with ornaments to match may be seen ut It.
M. Haddoa A Co.
Deposit your money with the National
Bank of Abbeville.
Ready made clothes for boys always loooks
betterand can be bought at such low prices
from us that It don't pay to make thetn at
home. P. Rosenberg & Co.
Buy your boy's school suits from P. Rosen
berg & Co.
We havs a larger stock than ever in Jerseys j
in black and colors. See our Jersey blouses be-!
fore you buy. Haddon & Co.
Priestley's celebrated grey goods in silk and
wool and in all wool goods to be had at Huddon's.
Startling bargains In summer goods at \V.
Special bnrganls In ladles shoes at Wm. E.
Our men's dress shoes at 82 and our ladles
button shoes at SI and 81.75 surpasses any
ever shown In this market. P. Rosenberg St
Sewing machine needles for all machines at
R. M. Iladdon & Co.
Best grade sewlug machino oil at R. M
Iladdon &. Co.
:V: fc U -W | : 1 U |
Boycotting the Press and Banacr,
Since "4th Sept., 00 names have be?n eras- i
eed from onr books, a large mujority being
Alliance boycotters. In that ttme 25 new '? ;
names have been added?a total loss of 3*>.
lean now be found in the ?fnre of It. M. %
Haddon ACo.-wbere I will be plen*ed to see
my friend*. This Arm carries an Immense
stock of flrstcinss iroods. therefore I am preferred
to sell vou goods cheaper than ever *9
sold before In this market. Cull ana ?ee me ,1
when In town and I will show you through
tbestock with urfxt pleasure, and will con- "ij
vl nee you of the above lacts. Any order* entrusted
to ine shall have my personal attenlion.
w. t. Mcdonald. .
m ? ?
Smith JcSon keep a splendid stock of hardware,
tools, nails, plows, cutlery. Locks and %
We have Just received a fine *tock of ha? .'v
and caps. Prices low enough to null all, give h.lmg
In a look before buying. Smith &Son. ^
I will offer great bargains during this
month and Salesdoy In September. W. E.
Flour J Flour ! buy your flour from Pi Rosenberg
Now is the time to prepiro to do without
Western hay <fcc., by sowing barley and rye.
smith .tsnn h?v? received a choice lotof tine 7
fresh barley and rye for seed.
White Brothers have lust received one thousand
bushels rust proof red oats.
Buy your turnip seed from Smith A Ron, v '
and you will be sure to gel good and fresh
Smith & Son have a good lot of red mat
proof oats for sowing. Call on them for yonr ' seed.
If you want a real stylish hat at a bargain
call on P. Rosenberg <& Co.
All shapes and styles of hats at lowest
Srices for men and boys. P. Rosenberg A y.v.1
Stetson hats In all styles at 81 and S5. They
are the best made. I\ Rosenberg A Co.
Go to Smith A Son for Texas red rust proof
seed oats. '/ *??
Smith & Son's Is the place to get good fresht "* '
tnrnlp seed, and Buists Is the best kind to r>
sow. * The
greatest bargains in jerseys can be
found at R. M. Haddon & Co.
Pull line Pall and Winter calicoes, glng* i
hams and Satlnes at R. M. Uaddon & Co,
If you wun trust proof red oats lor seed, ~ ;;'3l
you can And the purest and best at the store >- V
of White Brothers.
Gentlemen who want a real line suit and
the best fitting clothes should boy from P. LJfRoseuberg
Every one is cordially Invited to Inspect
oar immense stock of fine clothing. P. Ro-., 'w
senberg A Co.
Money can be saved by calling on us for
your clothing. P. Rosenberg A Co.
Is money worth having I If it is, why not '. ']
try to save some by muklng your Fall and
Wluter purchases from P. Rosenberg & Co. : ;'*)5
Be sure and see those Tio,double width Henriettas
and Cushmeres before buying. You
can find them at Haddon!s.
The stock of black dress goods at naddon's
was never as complete before. We can sell ,
you a black dress irom 10c to9L25per yard.
A beautiful line of plalus and stripes in all- ' ?
wool dress goods at Haddon's.
A line ot bate fully worth S3 will be sold, for
$1.75. Call early. P. Rosenberg & Co.
Patterns I Patterns 1! We hare a good .
iiKgorlinent of patterns rauglng In pries from
10 to 30 cent* that we now offer lor five cents.
W. Joel Smith & Sod.
You can get a ladles, misses or childa pattorn
from umith a Bon at 6 cent*, worth five
times the money.
Signs of a Cold Winter.
The largest line of cravats can be found at '
P. Itosenberg & Co.
Barley ! barley t! You can buy home rals
ed seed barley from White Brother*. v ?
Nolhl ng is so useful In a poul try yard as Im-'
periat Egg Kood. It keep* (he chicks bright,
nealtliy and cheerful, besides making them , i .;:
wonderful eg* producers. For sale only at ,
Speed's Drug Store.
Dr. E. L. Wilson's Dental office la over R.
W. Cannon's store.-Those who suflfer with
their teeth, cat) llnd relief by calling on him
Preparatory to taking stock we hay? , 'r
greatly reduced our price* in every department.
P. Rosenberg & Co.
Go to Sm Itb & Sou's for pure barley and rye
School suits for boys of all ages at low ' prices.
P. Rosenberg & Co.
COLUMBIA A GREENVILLE DIV
CONDENSED SCHEDULE. . .< Y
In Effect Sept. 29tb. 1881. f
(Trains ran by 75th Meridian tlnwj
~ r ' /
! So. ! No. No. j
i } A.M.
Lv Charleston.. j-...?.j 7 00 ......
Lr Columbia | 5 <3 10 45 ..... ......
Lv Alston J 6 tt! 111 40 ....
I I I lP-MAr
Onion ...... 1 35 ?.
Ar Spartanburg I 2 50 _
Ar Tryon - I - - 4 46 ........ .
Ar Saluda ... S 88 ....
Ar Flat Kuck ? 6 54? * .
Ar Hendentonvlllu. | ..... .6 10 ...... ...... Ar
Ashevl lie ...... 7 00
Ar Hot Spring#.- - 8 40 .... /
Ar Newberry i 7 40 ...... 12 49 ........ ......
Ar Laurens . | 9 45 . . .......
Ar Greenwood. 2 87' ..... .......
Ar Abbeville. ! - - 4 00........
I A.M. I
Lv Belton _..j 10 20 4 001
Ar Piedmont ............ 11 09 4 48|...... ......
Ar Greenville.. 11 50 5 851...........
Ar Anderson .1 4 40 ...... ..... > .
ArBeneca. 6 30
Ar Walballa. |. ...17 00
Ar Atlanta - 10 40|..M.?!. ....
! No.! No. No. '
I Co. | 51. 8.
Ar Walballa'. 8 07 . * h
Ar Senecu.. ...I 8 S0| y
Lv Anderson ...I 9 37 L
Lv Abbeville 10 50i ........ ......
Lv Greenville I 9 3o| 2 10 ?
nil 1AI Q A9 I
Lv EMtoZZZZ\ZZ". ii 04 j 8 401!!!!!!' ...L.
Lv Greenwood 12 35 ... .
P.M. I A.M.
Lv Laurens. . - U :W - (
Lv Newberry 2 45| 8 30 ?...
Lv Alston 4 0i)i
Lv Hot Springs 7 .'101 -
Lv Abbeville 9 0-?j E
Lv Hendersonville 9 !W| S
Lv Flat Hock 10 10!
Lv Saluda. 110 ."IT I _ ....... H
Lv Tryon ill 24^ ..... _
Lv Spartanburg... Il2 Ro! ........ -
Lv Union i 2 00, _ _ ......
Ar Alston 4 00 Ar
Columbia | 5 00 Ar
Augusta. 9 U0 . ? ....... .......
Nos. :>, 4 and 50 and 51 dally except Sunday. Ma
Line trains No*. 54 unit 55 daily between Coumbla
and Alston. Dully except Sunday between Alston
1). CAUDWKLL, Div. Pass. Agt,, Columbia, B. C.
J AS. L. TAYLOlt. Gen. Pass. Agt.
SOL 1IAAS, Trallic Manager.
Good House and Lot for Sale.
A DWELLING HOUSE In the town of Abbeville,
coututiilii); several rooms, a good
well of water, nice front, yard,all under fence,
Is offered for sale on terms tosuit the purchaHer.
Apply at the lTeasand Banrter office. # -y.
A LOT OF SPLENDID BttOOD MARES
have Just been received at our Ktable,
which w? oiler to the public at reasonable
priceH. Cull and see them.
A.M. HILL & SONS.
Oct. UtU, 18S9.
A new journal has just been started
in France, with a view to combating
the Militarism of the Continent. It is
called Le Dcsarnicmcnl, and is edited
by the Abbe Paris.
The Laurensville Herald states (hat
the jury in the case against J. W. Lanford
stood six for acquittal and six for
manslaughter. Ben Moseley, colored,
was tried and convicted for i;he murder
of his wife. He was sentenced to be jB
hanged the 18th of October.
The contract for })ostal cards for four
years to come calls for 2,000,000,000 ?
postal cards, which will be manufactured
at a cost of $800,000 aud sell for
v . - S
' ' ' V t?